0 views

Uploaded by Satyajit Das

poisition control of dftg

- DC Generator
- Speed Control
- bee lab
- VFDs Basics
- 03-2008-JA-PS-A-1-008-Clean copy
- RMD Motor Types
- QP
- Sridhar 2013
- Analysis of Hunting in Synchoronous Hysteresis Motor
- Induction Machine
- Application of AI Tools in Fault Diagnosis of Electrical Machines and Drives-An Overview
- Deep bar vis-à-vis Double cage rotor design for large MV motors
- Electrical Technology
- SPE-164666-MS
- Journal Paper Ijert
- FILE1575.DOC
- Objective.docx
- Neglecting Stator Transients
- A Single Phase Induction Generator As Wind Generator – A New Concept and Design
- Wireless Bomb Disposal Robot

You are on page 1of 8

4, AUGUST 2001

for Rotor-Side Field-Oriented Control

of Wound-Rotor Induction Machine

Rajib Datta and V. T. Ranganathan, Senior Member, IEEE

AbstractA simple position-sensorless method for rotor-side Rotor current vector in rotor co-

field-oriented control of a wound-rotor induction machine is de- ordinate system.

scribed in this paper. The algorithm is based on axis transforma- Rotor current vector in stator

tions. Compared to the previously proposed methods, it is more

direct and the dependence on machine parameters is also largely coordinate system.

reduced. The algorithm can be started on the fly without the knowl- Magnitude of rotor current vector.

edge of the initial rotor position. Operation at synchronous speed, Stator flux magnetizing current vector in stator

corresponding to zero rotor frequency, is stable, thus making it coordinate system.

suitable for variable speed constant frequency operations. Simu- Components of in stator coordinate

lation and experimental results show excellent performance of the

scheme. system.

Magnitude of .

Index TermsPosition-sensorless control, rotor-side control, Magnetizing, stator, and rotor inductances.

variable-speed constant-frequency operation, wound-rotor induc-

tion machine. Stator and rotor resistances.

Stator and rotor time constants.

Stator, rotor, and total leakage factors.

NOMENCLATURE Grid angular frequency (electrical rad/s).

Three-phase stator voltages. Actual speed of the rotor in mechanical, elec-

Three-phase rotor voltages. trical rad/s.

DC-link voltage. Estimated value of rotor speed (electrical

Stator voltage vector in stator coordinate rad/s).

system. Angular velocity of stator flux vector (elec-

Rotor voltage vector in rotor coordinate trical rad/s).

system. Angle of rotor current vector with respect to

Components of in stator flux coordinate stator axis.

system. Angle of rotor current vector with respect to

Three-phase stator currents. rotor axis.

Three-phase rotor currents. Rotor position (angle of rotor

Components of stator current in stator coordi- axis with respect to stator axis).

nate system. Angle of stator voltage vector with respect to

Components of rotor current in stator coordi- stator axis.

nate system. Angle of with respect to stator axis

Components of rotor current in rotor coordi- (approximated as by neglecting stator

nate system. resistance drop).

Components of rotor current in stator flux co- Gains of proportional and integral terms in the

ordinate system. current PI controllers.

Stator current vector in stator Number of poles.

coordinate system. FF Decoupling/feedforward signals in the current

loops.

Superscript denoting reference values of cor-

responding variables.

Manuscript received August 8, 2000; revised February 1, 2001. Abstract pub-

lished on the Internet June 6, 2001.

R. Datta was with the Department of Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute I. INTRODUCTION

of Science, Bangalore 560 012, India. He is now with Electrical Drive Systems

(DECRC/E4), ABB Corporate Research, ABB Forschungszentrum, D-69003

Heidelberg, Germany.

V. T. Ranganathan is with the Department of Electrical Engineering, Indian

Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012, India (e-mail: vtran@ee.iisc.ernet.in).

R OTOR-SIDE control of a grid-connected wound-rotor

induction machine is very attractive for variable-speed

constant-frequency (VSCF) applications with limited speed

Publisher Item Identifier S 0278-0046(01)06280-3. range. In the system under consideration, the stator is directly

02780046/01$10.00 2001 IEEE

DATTA AND RANGANATHAN: ROTOR-SIDE FIELD-ORIENTED CONTROL OF WOUND-ROTOR INDUCTION MACHINE 787

connected to the three-phase grid and the rotor is supplied by trol can be initiated only when the speed rises above a minimum

two back-to-back pulsewidth modulation (PWM) converters threshold. Hence, the position estimation algorithm should start

(Fig. 1). Such an arrangement provides flexibility of operation while the rotor is already in motion, without the knowledge of

in subsynchronous and supersynchronous speeds both in the any initial condition.

generating and motoring modes. The rating of the power Position sensorless vector control methods have been pro-

converters used in the rotor circuit is substantially lower than posed by several research groups in the recent past [3][6]. The

the machine rating and is decided by the range of operating method proposed in [3] uses the rotor voltages and currents to

speed. design a torque angle controller. The major difficulty of this

The requirement for VSCF operation has led to the use of scheme is the method employed for computation of rotor flux.

rotor-side field-oriented control of wound-rotor induction ma- The integration of rotor voltage at or near synchronous speed, is

chines to independently control the active and reactive powers. analogous to the integration of the stator voltage at or near zero

The conventional approach for this is stator-flux-oriented con- speed in the case of a cage rotor induction machine. Hence, sim-

trol using rotor position sensors [1], [2]. The performance of ilar problems of integrator saturation resulting in incorrect es-

the system thus depends on the accuracy of computation of the timation of the rotor flux is inevitable. Use of this algorithm

stator flux and the accuracy of the rotor position information has to be restricted up to a certain minimum slip and opera-

derived from the position encoder. Alignment of the position tion through synchronous speed is not possible. The scheme

sensor is moreover, difficult in a doubly fed wound-rotor ma- proposed in [4] is by far the most comprehensive one avail-

chine. In applications such as wind-power generation, there is able in the literature. The system developed (ROTODRIVE) is

a large physical separation between the generator (which is a commercial product aimed at the variable-speed high-power

coupled to the turbine shaft through gears) and the power elec- drive market ( 300 kW). This algorithm, based on coordinate

tronic equipment (which is at ground level). It is, therefore, transformation, provides stable operation at or near synchronous

desirable that there is minimum interface between the two and, speed and, can be started on the fly. However, the accuracy of

for higher reliability, a control scheme without shaft position the estimation process depends on machine parameters like ,

sensors. and the supply frequency.

There are two major challenges in designing a position sen- In this paper, a sensorless control algorithm is proposed

sorless scheme for a doubly fed wound-rotor induction machine. which is also based on axis transformations. Compared to

The foremost requirement is that the algorithm should work the other methods, it is more direct and the dependence on

stably at or near synchronous speed, corresponding to very low machine parameters is also largely reduced. The algorithm

or zero rotor frequency. The second criterion is that the algo- can be started on the fly without the knowledge of the initial

rithm should be able to start on the fly. It is understood that rotor position. Operation at synchronous speed, corresponding

the rotor side control strategy operates over a restricted speed to zero rotor frequency, is stable, thus making it suitable for

range. Therefore, with the stator connected to the grid, the con- VSCF operations.

788 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS, VOL. 48, NO. 4, AUGUST 2001

Equations (7) (10) represent the unit vectors in the two refer-

ence frames, the former rotating at synchronous speed and, the

latter at slip frequency. The unit vectors pertaining to the rotor

position can now be easily computed

(11)

(12)

Fig. 2. Location of different vectors in stationary coordinates.

It may be noted here that the unit vectors and

corresponding to the rotor position suffice for executing the

II. CONTROL ALGORITHM

vector control algorithm. The actual angle need not be computed

The proposed sensorless algorithm is explained with the help through inverse functions, as in [4].

of Fig. 2. Here, the rotor current vector is shown along with the The vector control block diagram with current control is

stator and rotor axes. Seen from the stator coordinate system, shown in Fig. 3. The rotor currents are first transformed to the

makes an angle . The same vector makes an angle with the stator coordinates ( ) and subsequently to the field coordi-

rotor axis. The problem, therefore, is to compute and , so nates ( ) to obtain and . The current controllers are PI

that can be determined. With the knowledge of the controllers, followed by the addition of decoupling/feedforward

stator flux and the stator currents, the rotor current in the stator signals (denoted as FF in Fig. 3). The full form of the controller

reference frame, i.e., can be computed. In the rotor reference equations are given in Appendix II. In the implementation, the

frame can be directly measured. From this information, the grid frequency is used instead of and instead of

angle between the two reference frames can be computed by . The reference voltages and generated by the current

using simple trigonometric relations. control loops are transformed back to the rotor reference frame

In terms of the stator and rotor currents, the stator flux mag- ( ) and modulated with a carrier triangle to generate the

netizing current [1] can be expressed as PWM patterns for the rotor-side inverter.

(1) A. Computation of

The accuracy of computation of and depends on the

In Fig. 2, the stator voltage vector is also shown. Assuming

value of , since the other quantities are directly measured.

that the stator resistance drop is negligible, the stator flux axis,

The stator flux can be calculated directly by stator voltage inte-

i.e., the axis is at quadrature to it. Hence, the stator flux mag-

gration so that the variations in the grid voltage and frequency

netizing current vector makes an angle ( ) with the

are taken into account. However, in order to estimate , the

stator axis. It is assumed for the present that the magnitude of

magnetizing inductance is required. If there is a substantial

vector (denoted as ) is known. (The estimation of is

boost in the grid voltage, or a dip in the grid frequency, is

presented later.) Therefore, the , components can be written

most likely to saturate. This will lead to an incorrect estima-

as follows:

tion of . Also, the presence of distortion components in the

(2) grid voltage normally gives rise to integration problems. The ob-

jective is, therefore, to make the estimation process minimally

(3)

dependent on any machine parameter and, if possible, avoid in-

Using this value of and the measured value of , the rotor tegration of the stator voltage.

currents can be computed in the stationary coordinates as Any change in the magnitude of the stator flux being much

slower than the sampling frequency (which in this case is 2.9

(4) kHz), can be correctly estimated by adopting the following

method of recomputation. First, for the present sampling

(5)

interval is computed by transforming the present rotor current

(6) sample to the stator coordinates using the unit vectors computed

in the previous interval. This is formulated as follows:

The unit vectors for are given by

(13)

(7) (14)

(8) (15)

The rotor currents are directly measured in the rotor circuit, (16)

and the unit vectors for can be derived as (17)

(9) The superscript indicates intermediate variables used in the

(10) computation. as calculated from (17) is passed through a

DATTA AND RANGANATHAN: ROTOR-SIDE FIELD-ORIENTED CONTROL OF WOUND-ROTOR INDUCTION MACHINE 789

low-pass first-order filter with a time constant of 1 ms. This en- assign an initial value of . Instead, the algorithm is started with

sures that even if there is any small error in the previous sample an initial value of , which is the same as its nominal value

of and , it is not directly reflected in the present given by . The position of is computed from the

estimate. The estimation of is the first step in the position stator voltage phasor as before. After a few sampling intervals,

estimation algorithm. With this value of , the algorithm pro- the algorithm switches over to the recomputation method.

ceeds from (1)(11). The estimation process thus becomes independent of varia-

tions in the stator voltage and frequency. The only machine pa-

B. Starting rameter on which the algorithm depends is the stator leakage

factor . The leakage is only a small percentage of the stator

It is understood that the algorithm has to start with a known inductance and is not subjected to any saturation. Even a signif-

value of in order to compute by using (13)(17). Since the icant error in the value of does not introduce any appreciable

rotor-side control needs to be started on the fly, it is not possible to error in the estimation of and . This is verified through

790 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS, VOL. 48, NO. 4, AUGUST 2001

putation also ensures jitter-free estimation during transients in

the active and reactive power.

C. Speed Estimation

With the decoupling terms associated with the rotor current

controller being slip dependent, it is necessary to compute the

speed of the machine. Apart from regular motor drive applica-

tions, the speed information is also necessary for generation ap-

plications like wind-energy conversion systems where the active

power reference is made to vary as a function of the rotor speed

to achieve maximum power transfer. The speed can be estimated

by using the following equation:

(18)

require to be computed from the unit vectors using inverse

trigonometric functions. This is avoided in this method of

speed estimation. Moreover, the unit vectors are smoothly

varying continuous functions unlike (which is discontinuous

at ) and are easier to differentiate without checking

for discontinuity. However, the differential terms contribute

to some noise which is eliminated by employing a first-order

low-pass filter. The position and speed estimation block

diagrams are shown in Fig. 4.

The simulation of the system has been carried out on a

MATLAB-SIMULINK platform to study the starting and the

effect of parameter variation on the proposed algorithm. The

machine and controller parameters selected are the same as

used in the laboratory experimental setup (see Appendix III).

Generating mode of operation is considered in the present case.

Fig. 5. Simulated waveforms of estimated (solid lines) and actual (dotted

Fig. 5(a) and (b) shows the effect of variation in on the lines) sin " when (a) value of used in computation equals 1.5 times the

estimation process. In the first case, used in the estimation actual and (b) value of used in computation equals 0.5 times the actual

algorithm is 1.5 times the actual value and, in the second case, value.

it is 0.5 times. The plots show almost negligible errors in the

computation of the unit vectors, even at starting.

The schematic block diagram of the laboratory experimental

setup is already shown in Fig. 1. It consists of a 3.5-kW

wound-rotor induction machine with its stator connected to the

415-V 50-Hz power grid, and the rotor being fed by two

back-to-back insulated-gate-bipolar-transistor (IGBT)-based

PWM converters. The setup is organized for generation op-

eration where the torquespeed characteristics of the prime

mover (such as a wind turbine) is simulated by a 5-hp dc

motor driven by a commercial four-quadrant thyristor drive.

A TMS320F240 digitall-signal-processor (DSP)-based digital Fig. 6. Experimental waveforms showing sin , sin , and sin " for ! =

1190 rpm.

control platform is designed and employed for implementing

the position sensorless algorithm. The front-end converter

control and simulation of the turbine characteristics are also The steady-state relations between , , and are

executed by the same processor. Since there are several control given in Fig. 6. It is observed from these plots that the frequency

loops involved, the software is organized for multitasking. of is the difference of the frequencies of and .

The processor runs at a clock frequency of 36 MHz and the A comparison between the unit vector generated using

sampling frequency for the position control algorithm is 336 s. an incremental position encoder with computed employing

The software is assembly coded for fast real-time execution. the proposed sensorless algorithm is given in Fig. 7. The plots

DATTA AND RANGANATHAN: ROTOR-SIDE FIELD-ORIENTED CONTROL OF WOUND-ROTOR INDUCTION MACHINE 791

(a) (a)

(b)

(b)

Fig. 7. Experimental waveforms showing estimated and actual sin " at starting

Fig. 9. Experimental waveforms showing estimated and actual ! at starting

for (a) ! = 1460 r/min and (b) ! = 1600 r/min.

(a) before filtering and (b) after filtering.

Fig. 8. Experimental waveforms showing estimated and actual sin " for step

in i from 0 to 0.5 p.u.

(a)

synchronous modes of operation. The instantaneous tracking of

the position (when the rotor side control is activated) and accu-

rate steady-state operation are observed.

In Fig. 8, the impact of sudden active load on the estimation

algorithm is shown. A step change of from 0 to 0.5 p.u. does

not produce any transient in the estimation of .

The estimated speed signals (from and ) before and

after filtering are shown in Fig. 9(a) and (b). During the initial

period, there is a large error in the estimated speed due to the

filter time constant. If this incorrect value of estimated speed is

used to determine the slip-dependent cross-coupling terms in the

rotor current control, it will give rise to undesired transients and, (b)

in turn, erroneous estimation. In practice, the estimated position Fig. 10. Experimental results showing (a) step in i from 0 to 0.5 p.u. with

would not be able to catch up with the actual position. Hence, i = 0:75 p.u. and (b) showing step in i from 0 to 0.75 p.u. and i = 0.

792 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS, VOL. 48, NO. 4, AUGUST 2001

Fig. 11. Experimental results showing steady-state i before and after Fig. 13. Experimental results showing i ;! during transition through

filtering. synchronous speed.

rotor side, hence, the stator power factor is unity. In Fig. 12(b),

the rotor currents are dc, showing that the estimation algorithm

operates stably at zero rotor frequency. The transition through

synchronous speed is also observed to be smooth, as is illus-

trated in Fig. 13.

IV. CONCLUSION

Position-sensorless control of wound-rotor induction ma-

chines is a desirable feature of VSCF generation systems like

wind power generation. The proposed position-sensorless

algorithm meets the requirements for such applications. The

(a) algorithm can be started on the fly without the knowledge

of the initial rotor position. Operation at synchronous speed,

corresponding to zero rotor frequency, is stable; also, it can ride

through synchronous speed smoothly. The proposed method

of computation of stator flux magnetizing current makes the

estimation process independent of critical machine parameters.

The simulation and experimental results show that the dynamic

performance of the system compares well with that using

position sensors.

APPENDIX I

The slip-ring induction machine equations in the stator flux

(b)

( ) coordinates [1] are as follows:

stator:

Fig. 12. Experimental results showing steady-state u , i , and i with

i = 0:75 p.u. and i = 05 p.u. at (a) 1620 r/min (supersynchronous -axis:

operation) and (b) 1428 r/min (synchronous operation).

(A1.1)

during starting the computed slip is forced to zero for about -axis:

100 ms; after this, the estimated speed signal is used to calculate

the slip. (A1.2)

The transient response of the -axis and -axis rotor current

rotor:

loops are shown in Fig. 10(a) and (b), respectively. In Fig. 10(b),

the response is taken during switching on of the rotor converter, -axis:

hence, a small transient is observed in the rotor currents (before

the estimated position catches up with the actual one).

Fig. 11 shows the estimated before and after the low-pass

(A1.3)

filter.

In Fig. 12(a) and (b), the steady-state stator and rotor cur- -axis:

rents in their own reference frames are shown along with the

stator voltage waveform for supersynchronous and synchronous

modes of operation. The reactive power is supplied from the (A1.4)

DATTA AND RANGANATHAN: ROTOR-SIDE FIELD-ORIENTED CONTROL OF WOUND-ROTOR INDUCTION MACHINE 793

mechanical: [3] L. Xu and W. Cheng, Torque and reactive power control of a doubly

fed induction machine by position sensorless scheme, IEEE Trans. Ind.

Applicat., vol. 31, pp. 636642, May/June 1995.

(A1.5) [4] L. Morel, H. Godfroid, A. Mirzaian, and J. M. Kauffmann, Double-fed

induction machine: converter optimization and field oriented control

(A1.6) without position sensor, Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng., pt. B, vol. 145, no. 4,

pp. 360368, July 1998.

[5] E. Bogalecka, Power control of a double fed induction generator

without speed or position sensor, in Conf. Rec. EPE, 1993, pt. 8, vol.

APPENDIX II 377, ch. 50, pp. 224228.

[6] R. Datta, Rotor side control of grid-connected wound rotor induction

The current-controller equations including decoupling terms machine and its application to wind power generation, Ph.D. disserta-

tion, Dept. Elect. Eng., Indian Inst. Science, Bangalore, India, Feb. 2000.

are as follows:

-axis:

Rajib Datta received the B.E degree in electrical

engineering from Jadavpur University, Calcutta,

(A2.1) India, the M.Tech degree in electrical engineering

from Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur,

-axis: India, and the Ph.D. degree from Indian Institute of

Science, Bangalore, India, in 1992, 1994, and 2000,

respectively.

From January 1995 to July 2000, he was a Re-

search Scholar in the Department of Electrical Engi-

neering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India.

(A2.2) He is currently a Research Scientist in the ABB Cor-

porate Research Centre, Heidelberg, Germany. His research interests include

power electronics, motor drives, and wind power generation.

APPENDIX III

The slip-ring induction machine data are as follows:

V. T. Ranganathan (M87SM92) received the B.E

rated power kW and M.E degrees in electrical engineering from In-

stator V connected, A dian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India, and the

Ph.D degree from Concordia University, Montreal,

rotor V Y connected, A PQ, Canada.

In 1984, he joined the Electrical Engineering

Department, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore,

India, where he is currently a Professor. His research

mH interests are in the areas of power electronics and

motor drives. He has authored several published

papers in the areas of vector control of ac drives,

REFERENCES PWM techniques, split-phase induction motor drives, and rotor-side control

of slip-ring induction motors. He is also a Consultant to industry in the

[1] W. Leonhard, Control of Electrical Drives. Berlin, Germany: afore-mentioned areas and has participated in a number of research and

Springer-Verlag, 1985, ch. 13. development projects.

[2] R. Pena, J. C. Clare, and G. M. Asher, Doubly fed induction gener- Prof. Ranganathan has received a Prize Paper Award from the Static Power

ator using back-to-back PWM converters and its application to vari- Converter Committee of the IEEE Industry Applications Society and The Tata

able-speed wind-energy generation, Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng., pt. B, vol. Rao Prize from the Institution of Engineers, India. He is a Fellow of The Insti-

143, no. 3, pp. 231241, May 1996. tution of Engineers, India.

- DC GeneratorUploaded bySphinx Rainx
- Speed ControlUploaded byAmarjeet Kumar
- bee labUploaded bydurgesh choudhary
- VFDs BasicsUploaded byLito Suaco
- 03-2008-JA-PS-A-1-008-Clean copyUploaded byBentarfa Islam
- RMD Motor TypesUploaded byMuhammed Ayyub
- QPUploaded byVikas M
- Sridhar 2013Uploaded byBobby Rinaldi
- Analysis of Hunting in Synchoronous Hysteresis MotorUploaded byRagasundar Baskaran
- Induction MachineUploaded byVictor Mauricio Buitrago Murillo
- Application of AI Tools in Fault Diagnosis of Electrical Machines and Drives-An OverviewUploaded byNgoc Duy Le
- Deep bar vis-à-vis Double cage rotor design for large MV motorsUploaded bySUBRATA BISWAS
- Electrical TechnologyUploaded byShashank Gaurav
- SPE-164666-MSUploaded byOsmund Mwangupili
- Journal Paper IjertUploaded byAswak Hussain
- FILE1575.DOCUploaded byAnoop Vijayakumar
- Objective.docxUploaded bywan mastu
- Neglecting Stator TransientsUploaded byTavo Ergo
- A Single Phase Induction Generator As Wind Generator – A New Concept and DesignUploaded byIDES
- Wireless Bomb Disposal RobotUploaded byKarthi Moorthy
- bmh1003Uploaded byRadon Maste
- Report 4Uploaded byimran5705074
- Verma 2008Uploaded byshazzad
- Induction Motors Fed by %5B1%5D...Frequency Converters%5B1%5DUploaded byMind of Beauty
- Download Ssc Junior Engineer Papers Electrical Engineering 24 Jan 2018 Afternoon Shift (1)Uploaded bysamyalarun
- 06038224.pdfUploaded byBelkacem Berrehail
- Electrical Machines II - - Unit 11 - Week 8Uploaded byPrathap Vuyyuru
- Electrical Machines IIUploaded bySai Krishna Prasad Chintalapati
- Lekh Chine 2014Uploaded byBELKACEMSEBTI
- Small DC Motors ManufacturingUploaded bySasidhar Jannu

- SGRE_2013061413565326Uploaded bySatyajit Das
- Presentation 1Uploaded bySatyajit Das
- Wound Rotor ImUploaded bySatyajit Das
- [3] Sensorless Control of Double Fed Machine for Wind Power GeneratorsUploaded bySatyajit Das
- Jeong-lk Jang_Active and Reactive Power Control of DFIG ForUploaded bySatyajit Das
- 2016_DFIG-Based Wind TurbineUploaded bySatyajit Das
- Direct Active and Reactive Power Control of DFIG for Wind Energy GenerationUploaded byyourou1000
- 00264852Uploaded bymegamaster2010
- Mobile robort applicationUploaded bySatyajit Das
- dfig and rt-labUploaded bySatyajit Das
- Power Quality Improvement of Distributed Generation Integrated NeUploaded bySatyajit Das
- Pitch angle control of wind energy conversion systemUploaded bySatyajit Das
- Slidindg Mode Control RecentUploaded bySatyajit Das
- H Infinity Control PMSG-Based Grid-Interactive Wind EnergyUploaded bySatyajit Das
- MATLAB Simulink Based modeling of solar PV cell.PDFUploaded byYuvarekha Senthilkumar
- Grid Voltage Unbalance and the Integration of DFIG-sUploaded bySatyajit Das
- Analysis of Self Excited Induction GeneratorUploaded bySatyajit Das
- 6.“Torque ripple minimization of Switched Reluctance Drive Using a Neuro-FuzzyUploaded bySatyajit Das
- Abstract on wind energy conversion systemUploaded bySatyajit Das
- wind pmsgUploaded byNikol Doar Eu
- Advanced Control and ConditionUploaded bySatyajit Das
- 79-83!87!103 Analysis of Wind Driven Grid Connected InductionUploaded bySethuChidambaram
- 1.Integrated Control of Wind FarmsUploaded bySatyajit Das
- Modeling and Ride-Through Control of DfigUploaded bySatyajit Das
- CONTENTSOF MATLAB TO ELECTRICAL MACHINESUploaded byAMARNATHNAIDU77
- 4.Torque Ripple Reduction OfUploaded bySatyajit Das
- A Strategy for Real Power Control in a Direct-Drive PMSG Based WECSUploaded bySatyajit Das
- _drehfeldgeneratorUploaded bySatyajit Das
- Lab Volt Kit for 2 Kw MachineUploaded bySatyajit Das

- FiltUploaded byPareen Jain
- Logrhythm Advanced Correlation for Operations Use CaseUploaded byjordagro
- 9910Uploaded byAmro Ahmad Ali
- Telemecanique_convertor ALTIVAR 61Uploaded byfgdhjd
- IAEA Nuclear Medicine PublicationsUploaded byNéstor Raúl Arredondo Pérez
- OS390 System Programming Volume 4Uploaded byjack deep
- 280000442 Faedah Menyertai Aktiviti KokurikulumUploaded byganeswaran
- Vatan ComputerUploaded byOnur Enginar
- Line 6 POD® HD500 Advanced Guide, EnUploaded bymusicpad
- AutoHotkey FaqUploaded byعمرحامد
- -cc40-AppliHelp-CSTMR-v1-2Uploaded byHareesh Devireddy
- Www Recruitment Guru Syllabus Punjab Revenue Patwari SyllabuUploaded byucgdfgdc
- TNO Yellow Book CPR 14EUploaded byarunmurthy
- How to Make a PWM Circuit Without a MicrocontrollerUploaded by698ricky
- lm358Uploaded byOInominavel
- 1_pdfsam_29146-CM_670_E_ManualUploaded byLuisSal
- Business Plan_Rice DealerUploaded bysnowhitescribd
- HCL Brochure: Debt RecoveryUploaded byHCL Technologies
- assignment Cybercrime.docxUploaded byashleywilliamkutoh
- John Deere JD210G LCUploaded byZdravko Vidakovic
- 3G FrequenciesUploaded byanthony_obiora
- 1.3 Transforming Linear FunctionsUploaded byLeslie Cameron
- INSURANCE BROKER or AGENT OR CLAIMSUploaded byapi-78735484
- Epilysis QAUploaded bysamisdr3946
- OSA SyllabusUploaded byJ Joe Chellasundar
- Heat Control UnitUploaded bysandipnair06
- Deposition of Roberto de la Salud Bea: Doe v. Bea and Rhodes CollegeUploaded byTitleIXLiberatorrr
- SAE - Magazine 1-12Uploaded byvesepeja
- 0911.0952v2Uploaded byEfratta Denekew Asrate
- Linear Predictive CodingUploaded byJohn Baptiste