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English IV

Midterm Study Guide.

UNIT 1 Simple vs Continuous. & Gerunds and Infinitives

PRESENT SIMPLE VS PRESENT CONTINUOUS

Choose the correct form in each pair.

1. a) Oh, no! Look! What is he doing? b) We are spending a month at the seaside
b) Oh, no! Look! What does he do? each year.

2. a) She wears a new jumper this week. 8. a) Excuse me. What times do the early
b) She is wearing a new jumper this week. morning trains leave on Fridays?
b) What times are the early morning trains
3. a) Does your father and mother speak leaving on Fridays?
Japanese?
b) Do your father and mother speak Japanese? 9. a) I can see Jane over there. She talks to Bill.
b) I can see Jane over there. She is talking to
4. a) Don't give him this book. I am reading it. Bill.
b) Don't give him this book. I read it.
10. a) Steve and I doesn't go out together.
5. a) Who does want this ticket? b) Steve and I don't go out together.
b) Who wants this ticket?
11. a) I moved to Canada last year. I live in an
6. a) Is your girlfriend having a good time at this apartment.
party? b) I moved to Canada last year. I am living in an
b) Has your girlfriend a good time at this party? apartment.

7. a) We spend a month at the seaside each 12. a) Is not your grandpa coming tonight?
year. b) Isn't your grandpa coming tonight?

PAST SIMPLE VS. PAST CONTINUOUS


Choose the correct tense.
1. As the stranger came | was coming to the station, a car stopped | was stopping behind him.
2. My grandma never watched | was never watching TV. But she read | was reading books.
3. I started | was starting work at 6 o'clock.
4. He got up | was getting up and switched off | was switching off the light.
5. When I finished | was finishing my homework, I cooked | was cooking dinner.
6. While we listened | were listening to the news, the telephone rang | was ringing. Kate stood up
| was standing up and answered | was answering it.
7. As I drove | was driving to work last Friday, a car crashed | was crashing in front of me. I
stepped | was stepping on the brakes.
8. Yesterday Carrol wrote | was writing emails from 10 to 11 and then from 5 to 7 again.
9. We arrived in Cannes at 2.30. The sun shone | was shining, people sunbathed | were sunbathing
on the beach and big yachts sailed | were sailing near the harbour. We parked our car and went
| were going to the beach.

PRESENT PERFECT VS. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS


Tick the correct sentences. If a tense is not correct, underline it and write the correct form.
Example:
I have never been seeing a ghost. have never seen
1. Look. The girl has been buying four dictionaries. has bought..........................................................
2. I haven't eaten anything since I arrived. ..correct......................................................................
3. Let's stop for a while. You've driven all morning. .........................YOU HAVE BEEN
DRIVING...............................................
4. Have you ever been sleeping in a tent? ......................SLEPT..................................................
5. He's been sleeping too long. Wake him up! ..............correct..........................................................
6. I'm sorry. How long have you been waiting? .....................correct...................................................
7. I've been meeting your sister several times. .................................BOTH / IVE MET
.......................................
8. I've been knowing him since he was born. ..............................KNOWN.........................................
9. Help yourself. Mum has been making delicious toasts.
.......................MADE.................................................
10. He is sunburnt. He's been lying on the beach all day.
..........................correct..............................................
11. I've gone to France for five years now. .................BEEN GOING.......................................................
12. Don't give up. You haven't been trying this way yet.
..........TRIED..............................................................

GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES


Unit 2 As As & Negative Questions

AS AS
Complete each sentence so that it means the same as the one above it.
0.- Sweeden is bigger than Britain.
Britain isnt as big as Sweeden.
1.- The other students learn more quickly than me.
I DON-T LEARN AS QUICKLY AS THE OTHER STUDENTS
2.- Youre very angry and Im very angry also.
Im AS ANGRY AS YOU ARE.
3.- The seats at the front are more expensive than the seats at the back.
The seats at the back AREN-T AS EXPENSIVE AS THE SEATS AT THE FRONT
4.- Central Park in New York is bigger than Hyde Park in London.
HYDE PARK IN LONDON ISN-T AS BIG AS CENTRAL PARK IN NY
5.- Her last film was very good and her new film is also very good.
Her new film IS AS GOOD AS HER LAST FILM
6.- The other students work harder than him.
He DOESN-T WORK AS HARD AS THE OTHER SS

NEGATIVE QUESTIONS
Match the sentences to the negative questions.
____1. I dont like to eat steak. A. Really? Wont you make a little bit of time for me?
____2. Susan isnt going to graduate this year. B. Why not? Cant you swim?
____3. I didnt go in the water at the beach. C. Really? Dont you like our California weather?
____4. This hot weather is really too much! D. Why not? Didnt she pass her chemistry exam?
____5. I think that guy is famous E. Didnt we just drive by here a few minutes ago?
____6. This hotel looks really familiar. F. Why not? Dont you like beef?
____7. Im sorry, but Im too busy. G. Isnt he that actor from Titanic?
____8. I saw that same sign 10 minutes ago! H. Didnt we stay here once before?

Unit 3 Present Passive


PASSIVE VOICE
UNIT 4 Be supposed to / was, were going to

A) Join each idea in A with an idea from B. Make sentences using WAS / WERE GOING
TO and the verbs in brackets.
A B
1. I WAS GOING TO TAKE a taxi home last night, a) but it rained all afternoon, so we
stayed at home.
2. We WRITE to them when we were b) but my boss offered me more money,
on holiday, so I decided to stay.
3. She (drive) to Scotland last weekend, c) but I didnt have enough money, so I
had to walk.
4. We (play) tennis yesterday afternoon, d) but she had seen it before, so she went
to bed early.
5. She (watch) the film on TV last night, e) but her car broke down, so she went
by train.
6. I (change) my job last year. f) but we changed our minds and phoned
them instead.

UNIT 5 The Passive of Modal Verbs


Change from Active Voice to Passive Voice.
1. We must paint our room.
OUR ROOM MUST BE PAINTED (BY US)
2. They cant repair our car.
OUR CAR CAN-T BE REPAIRED
3. Someone is going to install the new program.
THE NEW PROGRAM IS GOING TO BE INSTALLED
4. They should feed the dog once a day.
THE DOG SHOULD BE FED ONCE A DAY
5. Mary cant solve this exercise.
This EXERCISE CAN-T BE SOLVED BY MARY
6. They are going to publish a new book.
A NEW BOOK IS GOING TO BE PUBLISHED
7. We must inform him about the news.
HE MUST BE INFORMED ABOUT THE NEWS
8. We should discuss the matter again.
THE MATTER SHOULD BE DISCUSSED
9. They are going to build a new bridge.
A new bridge is going to be bulit
10. He used to make coffee every morning.
COFFE USED TO BE MADE EVERY MORNING
11. Tom may buy a new computer.
A NEW COMPUTER MAY BE BOUGHT
12. Laura might not invite Tina to the party.
TINA MIGHT NOT BE INVITED TO THE PARTY
13. Karen has to prepare dinner for everyone.
DINNER HAS TO BE PREPARED BY KAREN
14. We neednt do our homework now.
OUR HW DOESN-T NEED TO BE DONE NOW

Unit 6 - Past Perfect

A) Supply a suitable SIMPLE PAST or PAST PERFECT TENSE:

1. I had worried (worry) a lot about her before I heard (hear) that she was safe.
2. I I didnt like the flat. It was (be) much smaller than I had thought (think) at first.
3. He told us he had shot (shoot) a big tiger.
4. They drank (drink) tea after they had finished. (finish) dinner.
5. She . just .. (fold) the pink apron and placed it in a table drawer when
the door (open) and Joe . (enter).
6. The police wanted to know why he had brought(bring) a gun to school.
7. After he . (work) at the hospital for two years he .. (decide) to
give up the job.
8. When I . (arrive) at the party John . already .. (go) home.
9. We (wait) until the match .. (finish).
10. They (leave) the room before the meeting (finish).
11. I .. (buy) a new camera before I . (go) to London.
12. I .. just (turn off) the lights when the telephone (ring).

B) Supply a suitable SIMPLE PAST or PAST PERFECT TENSE:

1. HAD he KNOWN (know) her for a long time before they GOT (get) married?
2. He . (drive) down the hotel where they . (spend) their
honeymoon years ago.
3. When we (get) to the station the train ... (already /
leave).
4. He . (sit) at a table by the window where he .. (have) a
meal with Jane.
5. Why . he (not / ask) her to wait and think again before she
.. (leave) Paris.
6. He was wondering why he (let) her leave so easily.
7. He knew he (earn) that money with a great difficulty.
8. After they (go), he .. (sit) down and
(light) a cigarette.
9. He .. (have to) go to work by bus because his car . (break)
down.
10. He (angry) before he (hear) my offer.

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