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1. Aquino, Lalaine F.Y. A Stylistics Analysis: Personal and Community Identity as

Represented in the Language of Stories for Children. Journals of English Studies and
Comparative Literature, vol. 13 no.1 (March 2013): pp. 122-149. U.P. Diliman Journals

The article delves upon paradox of the act of becoming in childrens personal and cultural
identity through the analysis of seven Filipino childrens literature. The seven stories are
modern fantasies which feature nonhuman characters with human qualities. Through
these stories, the author explores how identity is constructed through the language and the

While the article used stylistics in exploring how identity is represented in the stories and
discussed the analysis through comparisons in a concise manner, the author failed to
consider other factors in stories, such as character development, as it focused on conflict
and resolution.

2. Koopman, Eva Maria and Frank Hakemulder. Effects of Literature on Empathy and
Self-Reflection: A Theoretical-Empirical Framework. Journal of Literary Theory, vol.9
no.1 (August 2015). Journal of Literary Theory Online.

Through a multi-factor model of literary reading, the article explores several theories in
explaining how literary reading can affect the readers consciousness and evoke empathy
and self-reflection in ascertaining moral lessons in the stories. The discussion of the
theoretical explanations aims to relate to the reader the reflective responses as a result of
literary reading.

It is noteworthy that the article discussed the concept of stillness insofar as it relates to
aesthetic distance. Through this, the article invokes an inception-like episode to the
reader as it explains reflective responses to literature in a manner that would aptly relate
to the reader as each word of the article is read.

3. Seiter, Ellen. Feminism and Ideology: The Terms of Womens Stereotypes. Feminist
Review, no. 22 (1986): pp. 58-81. JSTOR.

True to its title, the article is a compilation of contemporary feminist analysis of film and
television. It discusses how feminine values and attitudes are represented in show
business and explores relationships affecting womens stereotypes from the comforts of
the basic unit of society, the family, to the role of women in the bigger concept of the
society. It aims to analyze how womens oppression is addressed by the media and how
this social phenomenon invokes appeal to those who watch the media.

Although the article effectively discussed cultural representations of women and how
stereotypes function in the society, the article could be further strengthened had it
addressed societys threats and opportunities for women in the marginalized sector like
indigenous peoples and in the religious countries, insofar as it focused on feminism
portrayed by modern women.

4. Stauffer, Russel G. Reading as a Cognitive Process. Elementary English, vol. 44, no.4
(1967): pp. 342-348. JSTOR.

The article aims to analyze several factors of reading through different stages of the
cognitive process. As the article delves upon the cognitive effects, such as comprehension
and judgment, as a result of reading, it likewise invokes epistemological way of thinking
to its readers. It also discussed various variables in learning such as the teacher, the
intellectual ability of the reader, and group cohesiveness as these variables relate to the
nature of the reading-thinking process in achieving a meaningful reception learning.

While the article sufficiently discussed the cognitive process in a reader as he processes
data and arrive at solutions, it did not aptly consider the effect of personality of the reader,
which could either hinder or motivate the reader in absorbing the contents of literature. It
also failed to consider the effect of society in the cognitive process in a reader as it
focused on the reader alone.

5. Taylor, Frank. Analysis and Gender Stereotypes in Childrens Books. Teaching

Sociology, vol. 31, no.3 (July 2003): pp. 300-311. SAGE Publications

The article is aimed at discussing gender stereotypes perpetuated in the media which are
readily apparent in popular childrens books through an in-depth analysis of the text,
symbols, characters, use of color, and major themes in each book. It discusses how
society prepares the child reader to participate in the outside world through the influence
of literature. It is an analysis of the social construct in the literary lens.