Peggy Wilhide Headquarters, Washington, DC (Phone: 202/358-1898) Roderic Young Headquarters, Washington, DC (Phone: 202/358

-4726) RELEASE: 99-131

Nov. 4, 1999

ADHERENCE TO NONPROLIFERATION NORMS KEY TO FUTURE GLOBAL SPACE COOPERATION In a speech before the International Space Business Assembly, NASA Administrator Daniel S. Goldin outlined the challenges facing the space industry. Top among them, according to Goldin, is international adherence to the Missile Technology Control Regime. "I strongly believe that the new millennium has the potential to be the space millennium. Notice that I said 'potential,' Goldin said. "For if we do not rise to the challenges before us, space activities may not be as prominent in the 21st century as we would like them to be. "We are at what Intel's Andy Grove calls an inflection point -- the point at which 'the old strategic picture dissolves and gives way to the new.'" Goldin discussed three principal areas that may determine the fate of commercialization in space: political, technical and economic challenges. He stated that most important among these challenges is full support of international norms on nonproliferation. "All the benefits of decades of work to open the space frontier by governments, industry, brilliant scientists and engineers from around the globe can fall apart all because some individuals, some companies, some governments choose not to stop those who would violate the Missile Technology Control Regime. "Let us not be naive to ignore troubling signs. Let us not pretend danger may not lurk around the corner. Let us not turn our backs when there is exploitation for commercial gain. If we are united in this commitment, we can isolate and minimize the threat."

As the President's Representative to the Paris Air Show Goldin acknowledged that he understands the concerns of U.S. industry, foreign governments and foreign corporations related to U.S. export law enforcement. "As you may have heard this week, the U.S. Government is working to address those concerns. But we will do it in a way that fully supports international norms on nonproliferation," he said. Other obstacles for the global space industry are: * Interoperability - satellites must have standards and protocols that work seamlessly for voice, video and data for space and terrestrial systems; * Quality of service - must be comparable to the best fiber optic lines, offer 24-hour availability and 100 percent reliability, and mobile services must be clear, available and compatible with ground systems for switch over; * Cost - must be competitive with terrestrial communication; * Latency - when the Internet demands synchronization of voice, video and data radical new approaches will be necessary. Goldin offered in his final words, "Will we give up on the dreams we had a decade ago? Or will we work together to achieve our dreams and take the space industry to new heights? The time is now. And the decision is ours." For more information about NASA and to see a complete text of Goldin's speech go to: http://www.nasa.gov/bios/goldin_speeches.html - end -