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The Nature and Elements of Literature

General Directions: Read and answer each item carefully. Shade the letter of the best answer in
your answer sheet.

Shade letter A if your answer is True and letter D if your answer is False

1. Literature is the significant human exploitations written in words well-chosen and

2. People are fond of telling others about the things we have seen or imagined; hence the
literature of description.
3. A great book is born of the brain and heart of its author; he has put himself into its pages;
they partake of his life, and are instinct with his individuality.
4. People are strongly impelled to confide to others what they think and feel; hence the
literature which deals with the great drama of human life and action.
5. A great book grows directly out of life; in reading it, we are brought into large, close, and
fresh relations with life; and in that fact lies the final explanation of its power.
6. Literature is different from a treasure chest because literature does not only keep
experiences but also exposes relevant experiences to audiences around the world.
7. A piece of literature differs from a specialized treatise on astronomy, political economy,
philosophy, or even history, in part because it appeals, not to a particular class of readers
8. Literature is composed of those books, and of those books only, which, in the first place,
by reason of their subject-matter and their mode of treating it, are of general human
9. Literature is a vital record of what men have seen in life, what they have experienced of
It, what they have thought and felt about those aspects of it which have the most
immediate and enduring interest for all of us.
10. People are intensely interested in men and women, their lives, motives, passions,
relationships; hence the literature which directly expresses the thoughts and feelings of
the writer.

Identify which from the group is not identified under its Classification of Literature

11. Literature of Self-Expression

A. Essay B. Elegy C. Ballad D. Lyric Poetry
12. Literature of Human Life and Activity
A. Epic B. Novel C. Drama D. Literary Criticism
13. Literature of Description
A. Lyric Poetry B. Book Travel C. Literary Art D. Descriptive Essay
14. Literature of Self-Expression
A. Lyric Poetry B. Literary Criticism C. Short Story D. Poetry of Argument

15. Literature of Human Life and Activity
A. Essay B. Short Story C. History D. Biography
16. Literature of Description
A. Travel Blog B. Eulogy C. Narrative D. Literary Art

Identify the Theme of 21st Century Literature based from the statement

Choices: A. Identity
B. History and Memory
C. Technology
D. Intertextuality

17. As contemporary readers are able to look back and see how it has been depicted
differently for different audiences, these have become themes in 21st century literature.
Often contemporary literature explores the notion of multiplicities of truth and
acknowledges that it is filtered through human perspective and experience.
18. Today, this is more integrated into peoples lives than ever before. Dreams of what this
could potentially help people become and anxieties regarding the demise of humanity as
a result of this can be seen in 21st century literature.
19. In postmodern style, many contemporary writers recognize a piece of work as being one
among many throughout history. As such, many writers purposely include
acknowledgements, references or parallels to other works of fiction, recognizing their
place in a larger, broader conversation, context and body of work. Some themes go as far
as to poke fun at a works own lack of originality or the clichs that it seemingly cannot
20. With increasing globalization, intersections of cultures and more vocal discussions of
womens rights and LGBT rights, it has become a common theme in 21st century
literature. In a world that is now able to exchange ideas more quickly than ever before via
the Internet and other technological advancements, people have relatively more freedom
to draw from multiple cultures and philosophies and question the concept of the self and
its relation to the body, brain and soul.

Write a 10 or more sentences reflection on the question:
How can literature be the mirror of life?

Content: 50%
Originality: 30%
Mechanics: 20%