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Chapter 6 Practice Name ___________________ Period _____

1. Ethanol, C2H5OH, is being promoted as a clean fuel and is used as an additive in many gasoline
mixtures. Calculate the Hrxn for the combustion of ethanol. Hf [C2H5OH(l)] = -277.7 kJ/mol;
Hf [CO2(g)] = -393.5 kJ/mol; Hf [H2O(g)] = -241.8 kJ/mol Answer -1234.7

2. A common laboratory reaction is the neutralization of an acid with a base. When 50.0 mL of
0.500 M HCl at 25.0C is added to 50.0 mL of 0.500 M NaOH at 25.0C in a coffee cup
calorimeter, the temperature of the mixture rises to 28.2C. What is the heat of reaction per
mole of acid? Assume the densities of the reactant solutions are both 1.00 g/mL. Answer -54 Kj

3. When a 4.75 gram sample of CaCl2 dissolves in 110 grams of water in coffee cup calorimeter, the
temperature rises from 22.0C to 29.7C. Calculate the molar heat of solution of CaCl2. Answer -82.80
Kj/mole

4. Ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3, MM= 80.05 g/mol) is a salt used in cold packs to ice injuries. When
20.0 g of this salt dissolves in 125 g of water in a coffee cup calorimeter, the temperature falls
from 23.5C to 13.4C. Determine the q and H for the reaction. Is this process exothermic or
endothermic? Answer 5.28 Kj

5. a) Many metal oxides are smelted with carbon or carbon monoxide to free the metal, which
may need to be condensed to the solid for use. Use the following information to determine the
enthalpy for the production of molten tin from one of its oxides:
SnO2 (s) + 2 C (s) Sn (l) + 2 CO (g) H = ?

Given information:
SnO (s) + CO (g) SnO2 (s) + C (s) H = -189.5 kJ
2 Sn (l) + 2 CO2 (g) 2 SnO (s) + 2 CO (g) H = 460.0 kJ
CO2 (g) + C (s) 2 CO (g) H = 172.5 kJ

b) How many kJ of heat would be required to produce 157 g of molten Sn in the net reaction
above? Answers a) 132Kj b) 175 Kj

6. Nitroglycerin, C3H5(NO3)3(l), detonates to produce a hot gaseous mixture of nitrogen, water,


carbon dioxide, and oxygen. The reaction produces -5725 kJ per mole of nitroglycerin.
Determine the heat of formation of nitroglycerin. You can use your notes or your text to look of
the necessary Hf values. Answer 3940 Kj/mole
7. Using the bond energy chart, determine the H of :

a. 2 CH3OH + 3 O2 2 CO2 + 4 H2O

b. OCl2 + I2 OI2 + Cl2

Bond Energy (kJ/mol) Bond Energy (kJ/mol)

HH 436 CC 347

OH 464 C=C 607

CH 413 CC 839

CO 360 C=O 805

NH 393 O=O 498

O Cl 205 C-F 488

C Cl 330 II 151

OI 201 Cl Cl 243

OC 351 FF 153

NN 945