Gaia Water & Humic Acid D.

Grant New Deer-Turriff UK The Gaia Hypothesis, the idea that the Earth is somehow like a living organism, seems to lack any convincing supporting evidence. Perhaps the most helpful definition of life a is that this is always a multi component super-interactive system; alternatively put: life is always to do with symbiosis. Single stand-alone units or species are not favored. Rather, life depends on multiple-unit-multiple-species-interactions. The essential-to-life interaction subunits and interactions that they engage in are themselves part of life. And this surely includes their environment as part of any properly-defined living system. This obviously includes the (surface) of the planet Earth. The Gaia Earth in symbiotic relationship with the species which inhabit it can therefore be seen as an essential part of this living system. The mechanism of this symbiosis of this system currently involves a critical role for the decomposition of detritus produced by living organisms to form humic polymers which can also act as feedback water buffers which seems to be part of the mechanism used by Gaia to keep the composition of the sea constant and also can influence the composition of the atmosphere b. Living cells contain various kinds of imperfectly understood surface and extracellular polyelectrolyte surface active systems which, as is now pointed out, show unexpectedly closely similar physical and chemical properties to the humic-matter-polyelectrolytes which occur in natural waters and soils. This note now further suggests that the similarity of the manner in which humic acid and un-degraded biological polyelectrolyte systems of polyanions exist at the surface of the Earth and the surfaces of living cells could further support the Gaia hypothesis. This similarity could especially help to re-define the role of the water and water/soil layer of the Earth which contain the said ubiquitous polyanionic (abundant ‘aggregate-polymer’-C(O)O- anionic group containing) humic class of organic substances. This class of material is the most abundant form of organic chemical ‘molecule-class’ on the surface of the Earth and it also constitutes the principal organic carbon store (being present both in seawater rivers in terrestrial soils and geological sediments). It should be noted that the above soil and natural polyelectrolytes (including humic and fulvic acid salts, (algal) alginates, and (animal) heparin) always may exist naturally as multi-inorganic element matrices which are analogous to (human) blood serum and seawater in their multi-

inorganic element make-up. All of these matrices seem to be definable as the Haraguchi-all-element-system type (which demonstrate an general exponential inter-correlation). The inorganic components of natural polyelectrolytes evidently enable specific pro-life water activities to be attained both in rivers seas and between cells in multicellular organisms. The role of “liquid-water-logic” seems to show up in the field of noncrystalline matter of colloidal sized sol silica particles which can selfseed similar forms in a manner apparently analogous to e.g. bacteria. Proteinoids (non-biotic poly-D+L-amino acids studied by Fox) also behave similarly. Inorganic crystal when seeded also do this also in a manner mimicked by biological cells as discussed by Lima-de Faria (who showed that inorganic crystal aggregates can strangely assume the types of symmetrical forms adopted by conventional DNA-containing organisms). So reproduction of form is probably a quite general chemical (and not specifically a biological) phenomenon which cannot be held to be different between DNA –based living and other cellular quasi-living systems. Reproduction per se cannot define life. The suggestion from homeopathy, hotly debated of course, is that flickering cluster water aggregates can self-seed exactly similar biologically active forms. There is the even more difficult-to-believe idea from Japan that ice crystals can be formed in different degrees of perfection in a manner which senses human emotions. At present this idea like that of morphogenic fields which allow ideas to be transmitted between animals seems well outside the realm of current science. (It should, however, be noted that weak radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation fields at energy levels which could not have been predicted to do so, have, however, been found in laboratories to apparently affect crystal growth rates and the morphology of the formed crystals. So perhaps in the future a scientifically acceptable mechanism by which ultra-weak forces can influence crystal growth will be forthcoming. This could be how Gaia exists as a living sensing organism). A similar random assemblage of intrinsically stable-in-aqueous-solution aggregates similar to present day biological cell derived humic matter might have formed prior to life on earth (cf. the reports of organic matter and water on asteroids and comets). For multicellular animals that a similar sort of potential logic gating control system is afforded by the cell surface polysaccharides which in the case of heparan sulfate (also believed to be involved in cognition and memory) achieves a putative, more definite system manager role status or directing intra- and inter-cellular communication and perhaps also affords gates to logically alter DNA sequences under certain conditions.

Footnotes a
The rigorous definition of what constitutes a living organism depends on the rigorous definition of what constitutes life. A commonly-held belief is that life is expected always to depend on the presence of carbon compounds especially amino acids which are assembled according to DNA or RNA template systems. This clearly greatly restricts thinking to cellular forms terrestrial life of life but this may include the planet surface within an extended definition. If, however, we start from the premise that the earth is also a living organism we may require to abandon the idea that life is something to directly do in its most basic form with DNA and RNA. (The opposite may be the case). Life could to have started with pure chemistry. Water chemistry (cf. WAP Luck). However not pure water but rather water with dissolved electrolytes organic polymers (at the start perhaps something like formose) and dispersed silica sols and other supra-molecular- structure-inducing nano-bubbles. It is of course a commonly held believed that life centrally involves the presence of liquid water. It should be noted that this substance has a complex poorly understood intermolecular aggregate structure which resembles silicate random assemblages. Clearly the surface of the earth, being largely covered with water in the seas and in biota and soil etc. and water absorbed and adsorbed on humic matter on land qualifies as part of this kind of definition of life.
[Extracellular poly-(inorganic)-phosphates occur throughout biota and organic (associated inorganic) polysaccharides occur in bacteria plants and animals. These different chemical polyelectrolyte systems show a range of similarities in their physical chemical behavior in regard to their potential for anti free-radical (e.g. exionizing radiation) multi metal ion binding (some less abundant metals being strongly sequestered by these ligands) and water activity homeostasis (buffering) potential which includes the ability to support a system of supersaturation of such salts of CaCO3 which feed back into e.g. atmospheric chemistry in the seas for which system there are parallel actions of e.g. anionic poly-inorganic phosphates and heparan sulfates in animals polyinorganic phosphates and pectin in plants. Another possible, but less understood, possibility is the manner in which polymers elect overt or subtle micro paramagnetic and magnetic particle assemblages at the surfaces of cells from species as far apart as homing pigeons to bacteria which can interact with the earth magnetic field; cf. also humic polymers similarly avidly bind paramagnetic ions].

The role of such a chemically simple system of water soluble or water layer binding inorganic polymers containing only phosphate groups in living organisms, is currently obscure but has been suggested by Kornberg to have been involved in the first stages of the evolution of living organisms. The role of phosphate as in ATP with universal biota triphosphate - diphosphate energy flow roles, seems to have been a major part of the background of this hypothesis. This ATP dependent energy system has recently been demonstrated (Wiggins) to centrally involve (high density / low density) water structure chemistry as its main engine and such systems can further be suggested in principle not to be restricted to the polyphosphates. They may also occur with polysulfated molecules (similar to those which are employed as commercial proton conductors) as well as silicates, especially the amorphous silicates. Such systems may be part of the mechanism of how interactions between water and inorganic moieties including solid surfaces in general can provide energy flow control switches. Such activities, it might be suggested also constitute what allows for a primitive logic function. This suggests that such primitive logic processor systems to that which biota is subject can occur at the surfaces of bodies such as planets which also have a water coating or subsurface layer.

b E.g. by controlling carbonate ion fluxes in the sea. It can be argued that anthropogenic influences might achieve alteration of global climate by this mechanism.

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