Bharat Patel, Amol Palekar, Shreekant Shiralkar

A Practical Guide to SAP NetWeaver
Business Warehouse (BW) 7.0
®

www.sap-press.com
Bonn � Boston

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Contents at a Glance
1

The Business Scenario: ABCD Corp.  .........................................

27

2

SAP NetWeaver Business Warehouse – Overview  ..................

35

3

InfoObjects and Master Data  ..................................................

69

4

DataStore Objects  ................................................................... 115

5

InfoCubes  ................................................................................. 141

6

InfoProviders  ............................................................................ 173

7

Extraction, Transformation, and Loading   . .............................. 213

8

Extraction from an SAP Source System  ................................... 297

9

BEx Query Designer   ................................................................ 317

10 Reporting and Analysis  ............................................................ 399
11 Web Application Designer  ....................................................... 453
12 Integrated Planning  ................................................................. 495
13 Reporting with SAP BusinessObjects   ..................................... 573
14 Administration and Monitoring   .............................................. 605
15 Advanced Features  ................................................................... 655
A

Case Study: ABCD Corp.  .......................................................... 669

B

Glossary  . .................................................................................. 679

C

Important OSS Notes  .............................................................. 685

D

The Authors  .............................................................................. 687

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Contents
Preface  .......................................................................................................
An Introduction to Business Intelligence  .....................................................

17
21

1 The Business Scenario: ABCD Corp.  .......................................... 27
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6

ABCD Corp.: Company Overview  .................................................
Marketing Network  .....................................................................
The Sales and Billing Process  . ......................................................
Business Intelligence Requirements  .............................................
The Business Planning Scenario  . ..................................................
Summary  .....................................................................................

27
28
29
32
33
34

2 SAP NetWeaver Business Warehouse – Overview  . .................. 35
2.1 Evolution of SAP NetWeaver BW  .................................................
2.2 Layers of SAP NetWeaver BW  ......................................................
2.2.1 Extraction Layer   .............................................................
2.2.2 Staging Layer   .................................................................
2.2.3 Transformation Layer  . .....................................................
2.2.4 Loading Layer   ................................................................
2.2.5 Reporting and Analysis Layer  . .........................................
2.2.6 Planning and Advanced Analytics Layer  . .........................
2.3 Basic Navigation in SAP NetWeaver BW  ......................................
2.3.1 Logging On to SAP NetWeaver BW  .................................
2.3.2 Screen Elements  . ............................................................
2.3.3 Basic Navigation Functions   . ...........................................
2.3.4 Hide/Unhide  ...................................................................
2.4 Data Warehousing Workbench Functions  ....................................
2.5 Activation of SAP Business Content  .............................................
2.5.1 Grouping   . ......................................................................
2.5.2 Collection Mode  .............................................................
2.5.3 Display  . ..........................................................................
2.5.4 Activating the InfoObject  ................................................

35
38
39
40
40
41
41
41
43
43
45
46
48
53
56
60
61
61
61

7

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... 2...........................................2 Reference Key Figure Field  .... 3.................................6 Compounding Tab  ......... 3.2 Peripheral Landscape  ...........1 Definition and Purpose  ....4....... 115 4....................... 118 8 Book_323_TIGHT.............2 Aggregation Tab  ..................2 Types of DSOs  .... 3......................8 Summary  ... Creating an InfoArea  ..................................................................5....................1 3................................................................ 2............................7.5........................4........................................................ Configuring a Characteristic InfoObject  ....5...........................5.........1 Type/Unit Tab  ..................................................6................1 Reference Characteristic Field  .............................. 3............................ Creating a Characteristic InfoObject  ...................................... 115 4. 3.....................indb 8 12/10/09 2:40:01 PM ........1. Summary  ............6................2 Template Field  ........6 3.....................2 3...... 3............................................................8 3....... 70 71 73 76 77 77 78 78 80 82 87 92 97 98 99 99 100 100 105 110 112 114 4 DataStore Objects  .............................5...1 Template Field  ...3 Additional Properties Tab  .......................... 2................. 3....................................................................2 Business Explorer Tab  ............................................ ..........7.................................1 Core Landscape   ... 3....... 3.............1......................................................................................3 3..........................5....... Creating a Unit InfoObject  .............5 Attributes Tab  ...........9 Types of InfoObjects  ..........1 General Tab  ..........................7................................ 115 4...5 3....................................................................... Configuring a Key Figure InfoObject  ....... 64 64 65 66 67 3 InfoObjects and Master Data  .. 2... Creating an InfoObject Catalog  .....................1 Introduction to DataStore Objects  ...................................................Contents 2....... 3.................................................................6........4 3.............. .........4 Hierarchy Tab  .....6 Implementation/Architecture Options with SAP NetWeaver BW  .. 3.................. 3.................................................................. Creating a Key Figure InfoObject  ...............................3 Master Data/Texts Tab  ...........6......................................................................................... ............................................ ....... 69 3....................................... 3.........7 3......................7 Avenues of SAP NetWeaver BW Learning  .........

....................................... ..........4.2 Including InfoObjects in the DSO  ..............3 Editing Dimensions  .........4 Adding New Dimensions  ...................7.. 141 5... 4....................... ................2............................. 5................4 Pseudo-Delta  ............... 4............................4.8 Summary  . 4..............................2 Real-Time InfoCube  ........................................................1 Key Terms  ..........4.... 4..2 Activation Process for a Standard DSO  ...... ...............................................................6 Configuration of Direct Update DSOs  .................................................................................................1 Data Staging  ...3 VirtualProvider InfoCube  ............. 4.......1 Types of Tables  ..............7 Usage Scenarios for DSOs  ....................................... .......................... .......... 5.3 Creating a Standard InfoCube  ......2...1....... 141 142 143 143 145 146 147 150 150 151 151 151 152 152 154 156 160 161 9 Book_323_TIGHT.............................1..................2...........1..... 4......................1........................... 5.................... 5..1 Standard InfoCube   ...............................1................................4 Dimensions  .......3 Designing a DSO  ................... 119 119 120 124 125 128 128 130 132 135 137 138 139 139 139 139 140 5 InfoCubes  ........... 5.. 4........... 4..............1 Modeling InfoCubes  .....1 Key Settings in a Standard DSO  ..........................2.......2 Using Templates for InfoObject Selection  ................................... 5.........................................................................................................7.......................... 5..........................................................3.................. 5.......... 5............................................................................................................... 4...........Contents 4...............2 Architecture of the Standard DSO  .....1........................ 5.....3 Create Bubble Models   .......3.indb 9 12/10/09 2:40:01 PM ...... ......................... 5....1 Initial Setup  ............ 5.....2......................... 5........................ ................ 5............................................................3 Entering Data Fields  .........2 Assignment Tables for Characteristics and Key Figures  ......... 4..... 4...3....................... 4............................................................................. 4........4 Configuration of the Standard DSO  .................... 4........................ 4....3.......2......7..............................5 Adding Characteristics to Dimensions  ............... 5........2 Types of InfoCubes  ..5 Configuration of Write-Optimized DSOs  ............ 5.........3 0RECORDMODE  .............7..............5 Classic Star Schema  ...3 Analysis Process Designer   .............7 InfoCube Considerations  .............3.................1............ 4.....2 Temporary Storage Area  .................................6 The Extended Star Schema  .......................... ........... 5..............

........ ...................1.. 5... 6.. 6.............. 6.... ............1 Introduction to ETL  .................3 Transformation   ...6.....................................1........................2 Navigator  .......................................... 5.. 7..............................................................................6 Global Properties  ................... and Loading   ....................... 6...................... 7........ 213 213 216 217 218 10 Book_323_TIGHT.......1.6............................. 7.....................1 Setting Provider-Specific Properties for a Single InfoObject  ...... ...........................2 Data Acquisition Interfaces  ...................... 6.............. 173 175 188 188 191 199 200 200 202 203 204 204 206 206 207 208 210 211 7 Extraction................................................................................5 Additional Navigation Capabilities  . 6...................6 Adding Key Figures to an InfoCube  .5............. 213 7..... ............................................ 6.......... 173 6....................................4 Loading   ..........2 Most Recent Reporting for InfoObjects  ................................1 Join Is Time-Dependent  ............................................. 6.........................................................7 Selecting Navigation Attributes  ................................. 5.3..............3..............8 Introduction to VirtualProviders  ...Contents 5.................3 Link Maintenance  ............................................ 6.....4...........................4 Temporal Join  .7 Left Outer Join in an InfoSet  ......................................................... 6............. 6......... 6.............4 Provider-Specific Properties  .... 6.................................... 6........4..................1 Usage  .1 Introduction to MultiProvider  .......... ...........5 Changing the InfoSet Visual Setting  ..................................................6...................................................5...6...... 5......indb 10 12/10/09 2:40:01 PM ........... ...................... 6................. 6............................2 Designing a MultiProvider  ..........................................5 Summary  .1 Elements in the ETL Process  .....9 Summary  ....... 164 166 167 168 169 170 172 6 InfoProviders  ................8 Activating the InfoCube  ... 5........................3 InfoSets  ...................................................................3............................... 5.......... 7............1 Auto Arrange  ...............................................................................................1.. 6........................................5.......4 Creating an InfoSet  .....6.............................................................................3.. Transformation....2 Setting Provider-Specific Properties for Multiple InfoObjects  ..3 Left Outer Join: Add Filter Value to On-Condition   .....................................................................

.................2..............2 Step 3: Creating a Transformation   .......4 7............................... Data Extraction from Non-SAP systems  ............2........ 7..................2.......... 7................ 8..............................1 DB Connect  .................................................3.................... 7...............5. 7........ 8.. .... 8........2....2......................... 8.............1 Delta-Specific Field Area  ..................... 8...........indb 11 12/10/09 2:40:02 PM .........5 Creating an InfoPackage and Starting Data Extraction  . 8...................................................................1 Creating a Flat File Source System  ......................... 7........................................................................................7 Monitoring the Data Transfer Process (DTP)  ... Summary  ..................2 Activating Business Content DataSources  .... 8....................1 Settings in SAP ERP  .........6 Monitoring Data Extraction to the PSA  ...... 7.............................. 8.... 7..................................................2 UD Connect  ... ..................................2.....................................................Contents 7....................2 Settings Area  .2 7.8 Maintaining Master Data   .................1 Time Conversion Transformation  ...4................6........... 7..................................... ...................2 Creating a Generic DataSource  ..........................3 Data Extraction Using the Logistic Cockpit  ......................................... 7......................................................... 7.. 7...2 Creating a DataSource  ............7 Summary  ........... 297 8..................2. ................ 7........................ 7.................6 7...........3....................................... ..3 7.. 8.....................3.............................. Loading Data from a DSO to an InfoCube  .2............1 Step 2: Creating a Transaction DataSource   ...............6..................... ............................. 8...................................... . .......5 Making Generic DataSources Delta Capable  ..... 219 219 221 234 239 245 250 255 258 260 261 265 279 281 282 286 293 294 295 296 8 Extraction from an SAP Source System  .................................. 298 298 299 300 301 302 304 306 308 311 312 312 314 316 11 Book_323_TIGHT.....................1 Settings for a Generic DataSource  ............2 Delta Loads  ....4. Loading Transaction Data from a Source System to a DSO  .................... 8........4 Generic DataSources  ........... 8........3......... 7... 8. Temporary Storage Areas and Error Stacks  ........ ....3 Data Extraction  ...4...............6 Extractor Checker  ..................3 Creating and Activating a Transformation  ............................3.............2 Routine  ......7 Loading Master Data from a Flat File Source System to an InfoObject  ...................4...... ....................5................... .1 Initialization/Full Upload   ........4 Creating a DTP for Loading Master Data  ..........5 7.............

.......... 9.......................2 Processing Types of Variables  ... 9................. 9................................................. 9..9 Selections and Formulas  ....................9...............................5....................................................... 9.........8 Structures  ....................................1 Define Filter   .............. 9. ... 9.................................................................................... 9............................... 9................................................5.16 Summary  ................6 Variable Editor  .. 9....... 9.....................1 Characteristic Variables (Manual Entry/Default Value)  .. 9...............................10 Restricted Key Figures  .......... 9...........................6..................... .2 BEx Query Designer Menu Bar  ........... 9...................................5 OLAP Variables  ................... 9......................3 Characteristic Variables (Customer Exit)  ............4............2 Example Scenario  ........... 9...7 Filters — Selection Objects  .....................4................................ 9........... 9......... 9......4 Formula Variables  . 9...............3.........14 Exceptions  .........................................12.......................Contents 9 BEx Query Designer   ................13 Conditions  ........12.....................2 Characteristic Variables (Replacement Path)  ....... 9......... 9.................... 9................................................3 Reusing Structures  .....15 Report-to-Report Interface  ........................ 317 319 320 320 323 324 326 328 330 333 334 335 338 339 345 345 348 350 351 356 356 357 358 360 361 364 368 370 372 372 376 381 384 388 393 397 12 Book_323_TIGHT......12 Properties of Query Elements  .............1 Types of Variables  ............1 Key Figure Structures  .... 317 9...... 9......6... 9...............................11 Calculated Key Figures  .......................................................4......8......... ..............................1 BEx Query Designer Screen Layout  ..............3...........................................................9............ 9....................................1 Set Properties of Characteristic Query Elements  .........3 Execute the Query and Analyze Data  ..................................8........................ 9......................................2 Characteristic Structures  ..6...................................................................2 Set Properties of Key Figure Query Elements  .. 9.......3 Query Properties  .................................................12.6.......................1 Selection  .......... .................................. 9..4 Create a Simple BEx Query  ........................................ .......... 9.................. 9...........8.............................................................5 Text Variables  .................. 9...............................................1 BEx Tools Landscape  ........ 9..................................................................................................... 9.............................................................................indb 12 12/10/09 2:40:02 PM ..2 Define Rows/Columns  .....2 Formula  ........................6.........3 BEx Query Designer  ...... 9............................................. ...............................

.....3. 10..4 Saving and Reusing Workbooks in BEx Analyzer  . ....................... .......2 Using an Analysis Web Item  .indb 13 12/10/09 2:40:02 PM ................... 10......................... 10......1 Starting the Web Application Designer  ......... 10........................ 10.........................................2 Local Properties of a Key Figure   ....2 Web Application Designer Overview  ......2............. 10...6.....................................2 BEx Web Analyzer Functions  .....7 Performing Information Analysis in BEx Web Analyzer  .......... 10.......... ...................10 Summary  . 10.. .........................................................2..............1 Execute a Query in BEx Analyzer  .............................................................9..2.......... 399 401 405 407 407 408 411 411 413 414 416 418 420 420 422 431 432 434 436 441 444 444 448 449 452 11 Web Application Designer  ...... 10.........................................9.. 11................................2 BEx Analysis Functions  ............ 10....................2 Maintain Broadcasting Settings on Different BEx Objects  .... 10..............8 Analysis Filters and Settings in BEx Web Analyzer  .......6 Running Queries in BEx Web Analyzer  ...........1 Running Queries in BEx Analyzer  ................. 10........ 11..1 Create a Data Provider  ...................................... 11..........................2 Performing Information Analysis in BEx Analyzer  ............. 453 454 455 457 457 459 460 13 Book_323_TIGHT......................................2........................9................... 11...... 10......... .4 Local Formula  .9 Information Broadcasting  ......2...3 Create a New Setting in BEx Broadcaster  .3.1 Local Properties of a Characteristic  ............2 Build a Simple Analysis Application  .....................................1....................................2 Navigation Options  ...3.1 BEx Design Functions  ...........................................5 Building an Analysis Application in BEx Analyzer  ...5............2 Different Screen Areas of Web Application Designer  ...1 Applying Filters  ..5...........................................3......3 Using a Dropdown Box  ......................... ............ .... Create a Simple Web Application  ............................................ 10......... ...... 10.............. 10.. 10...............3 Local Properties and Formulas in BEx Analyzer  .......................6.... 10.........1....... 399 10.... 453 11.... 10....1 Information Broadcasting in BEx Web Analyzer  ..............1 11...... 11.....1.................................3 Local Query Properties  ................. 10................................ 10.............................1 Create a New Analysis with BEx Web Analyzer  ..1............Contents 10 Reporting and Analysis  ........................... 10................ 10........................................ 10......

. 12. 12.................................. ......................................... ......3.......................................... 11......6 Arrange Web Items   .............8 Planning Sequence  .. 496 498 499 501 504 507 514 517 521 526 542 545 550 550 557 569 571 572 14 Book_323_TIGHT....... ............4 Data Slices  ..............................3..........................................3 Miscellaneous  ..9 Input-Ready Query  ...........................................3........4.................................Contents 11....3......3.... 11.1 Excel-Based Planning Application  .................................................................indb 14 12/10/09 2:40:02 PM ............2..................... ................................ 11...............5 Adding a Command Button  .............................1 Standard Web Items  ..................................... ...............2 Advanced  ........................... 11................................2 Commands for Planning Applications  .....3 Commands for Web Items  ................................................1 Planning Modeler and Planning Wizard  .....3 11................7 Planning Functions  ............. 495 12..................................3.............. Summary  ........................2 Web-Based Planning Applications  ......... 463 464 468 470 471 473 473 480 483 486 488 491 492 492 493 494 12 Integrated Planning  . 12................................................................ 11........ ...........3 Characteristic Relationships  ..........................................4....................3...1 Commands for Data Providers  .........3...................4 Commands for Web Templates  ........... .......3 SAP NetWeaver BW Integrated Planning Components  ...........................................................6 Planning Filter  . 12.........7 Summary  ... 11.... 12....................................................................... 12.........2................... 12............... 12.....3.......................... ..... 12...........5 Planning Locks  .8 Execute Web Template  ...2 Real-Time InfoCube  ......................................................................................4 Planning Applications  .....6 Changes to Data in Real-Time InfoCubes  ........................................................................4.......................................................7 Validate and Save the Web Template  .................... 12. ......... .................2..................1 An Overview of Planning  ......4.......3.. 12............................. 12.......  .... 11.....4 Creating Charts  ................... 12............................ 12......................... 12.................. ...... 11...................4......5 Aggregation Level  ...4 11.................3................... 12.................................................. . 11. . Web Items  ..5 11.......2......................................2..................................4.....................6 11.... 11.... Web Template Properties  ... 11.... Working with Commands  ..3....2 Planning Requirements in ABCD Corp......................... 12.....................

.....................1............................................................. 13........................ 14..............................................................2 Deleting Extra Aggregates  .....1 Step 1: Define the InfoObject  .................. 14.....1 DSO Administration and Maintenance  .........................5 Using Report SAP_INFOCUBE_DESIGNS  ......... .....2 Based on a BEx Query  ....1.......6 Analysis Authorizations  ..................................................7.1 Basic Elements of a SAP BusinessObjects Universe  ........... 14................... 605 14.1 InfoProvider Administration Screen Tasks — InfoCube  .........................6...... 13......5 Process Chain  .......... 14.............3 Aggregates  .................................................................................... 573 13.................4 Summary  ...7 Other Administration and Maintenance Tasks  .........................6.6.2 Creating a Universe  ...... .............................................2 Editing and Formatting Web Intelligence Documents  ..........1 InfoProvider Administration Screen Tasks — DSO  ................ .......................indb 15 12/10/09 2:40:02 PM ............................... ....... 14..................... 14....3 Performing Local Calculations in a WebI Document  ..... 13.............. 14.... 14...........................2..3......6 Checking Data Consistency   .. 13.................... 13........ 14........... 605 606 614 616 616 624 625 633 634 635 641 644 645 646 649 650 650 651 652 652 652 652 653 15 Book_323_TIGHT.......1 Executing an Attribute Hierarchy Change Run   .................. 14........................1 Creating a Process Chain  .......... 13...................7.......7......2 InfoCube Administration and Maintenance  ..........................................................................................4 Deleting DTP Temporary Storage   ........ 14.............3 Deleting PSA Data   ............... 13....... 14................2 Performance Improvement Tasks  ...................... .3......7.........................2 Step 2: Create an Authorization Object  ....................2............ 14....... 14.......2.......2 Setting Email Alerts  .........7.. ............ 14..................1 Creating a Web Intelligence Report Based on a Universe  .................................. 14. 14.................................................. . 13.................5...........3................ .........................2.................... 574 577 577 585 588 589 595 599 604 14 Administration and Monitoring   .......................Contents 13 Reporting with SAP BusinessObjects   ...5........4 Compression  ........................8 Summary  ............7...1 Based on an InfoCube  ...... 14....... 14...2 Performance Improvement Tasks  ..................................3 Web Intelligence  ................3 Step 3: Assign a User ID  ............................................................................. 14.......... 14.......................... 14...............

.......................................................................................................................................................................................................Contents 15 Advanced Features  ...3 Remodeling  ................................................................................................................................... ...............................................................................................................2..............2 Creating Remodeling Rules  ............... 15..... 15.1 Analysis Workbench  ......2 Creating an Open Hub Destination  ..................... ............................................. 15.................3................... 655 15................................... Important OSS Notes  ............................................................. 15. 689 16 ch00_FM_323_5577........ 15..................................indd 16 12/10/09 2:03:58 PM ......................1........2 Creating an Analysis Process  ............2 Analysis Process Designer  ......................................1 The Open Hub Concept  .................................. 15.....1 Open Hub  ...... 15..................................4 Summary  ........................ The Authors  ........... Glossary  ................... 669 679 685 687 Index..... ......... 655 655 655 658 658 660 662 663 664 665 Appendices  ........................ ............................................. 15......................................1 Need for Remodeling  .....1...... 15................................................................................. 667 A B C D Case Study: ABCD Corp...3.......  ...................................2.......

Each entity and the process will be referred to throughout the book as we build different components of an analytics solution using SAP NetWeaver BW (version 7.: Company Overview ABCD Corp. we explain all aspects of designing a data warehouse solution based on SAP NetWeaver Business Warehouse (SAP NetWeaver BW) version 7. In the process of building sales analytics for ABCD Corp.A clear and comprehensive business requirement leads to a better design of a business intelligence solution. A good BI solution improves the efficiency and transparency of operations. In this chapter. offers better control over the outcomes of decisions. called ABCD Corp. and then describes the entities involved in the typical selling processes. which will be used as a reference in subsequent chapters. Business managers always prefer making informed decisions.1). is a company located in North America with headquarters in New York City. It can also assist in the automation of managerial processes. 27 Book_323_TIGHT. we’ve chosen to build a simple sales analytics example for a typical company.e. 1 The Business Scenario: ABCD Corp. appliances) to its customers.0. For this reason. It sells different electronics and white goods (i. and allows you to fully explore all of the options at your disposal. a process enabled by business intelligence (BI) solutions.indb 27 12/10/09 2:40:04 PM . who are spread all over the world (Figure 1..1 ABCD Corp. 1. we present a basic sales process scenario for a company. The process of making decisions for sales growth based on quantitative information is sales analytics. This chapter describes ABCD Corp..0). which forms one of the most common requirements for BI solutions across different companies around the world.

mainly for the purpose of taking sales orders from them. Whenever an order is placed. a sales transaction is created in the SAP system located at the sales office. Within the US.3 in Appendix A. 1. and the sales offices report to their corresponding regional marketing office.2 shows a hierarchy of the marketing network.1 The Business Scenario: ABCD Corp Customer Sales Office Sales Office Customer Sales Customer Office Retailer Plant Plant Customer ABCD Corp. London).). Salespeople are rotated from customer to customer after a certain period of time or after the achievement of set target sales. and each customer is serviced by a specific salesperson who maintains regular contact with his customers. ABCD Corp. Case Study: ABCD Corp.indb 28 12/10/09 2:40:05 PM .g.2 Marketing Network ABCD Corp. outside the US. they are grouped under their respective country or city (e. has sales offices in most cities where customers are located. which are either retail chains or independent stores (see Table A. The salesperson then contacts his sales office with the details of the order. Europe. Figure 1. has more than 90 worldwide customers..1  Overview of ABCD Corp. 28 Book_323_TIGHT. the salesman contacts a sales office in a nearby country to ensure on-time delivery to the customer. The company has three main markets — North America. the customers are grouped by states. If the regular sales office is closed. New York. and Asia-Pacific — and each market has one or more regional marketing offices. USA Sales Office Sales Office Customer Customer Plant Retailer Customer Retailer Sales Office Plant Sales Office Customer Customer Sales Office Customer Sales Office Customer Retailer Customer Sales Customer Office Customer Retailer Customer Retailer Figure 1. Each sales office has one or more salesperson.

has more than 30 products.3 The Sales and Billing Process ABCD Corp. each of which is identified with an item number. ABCD Corp. and Consumer Lifestyle (see Table A.indb 29 12/10/09 2:40:06 PM . the billing document also lists the quantity sold and a selling price for each product. larger customers are permitted to make delayed payments. The company has four manufacturing plants to supply these products (see Table A.3. . In addition to the item numbers. In most cases.2 in Appendix A). Domestic Appliances. in some cases.The Sales and Billing Process 1. 29 Book_323_TIGHT. North America Regional Office Regional Offices Sales Offices Customers (Sales Employees) Sales Office San Francisco (1422) Wal-Mart 100086 (Jaime Yorres .2  Overview of ABCD Corp. which are logically grouped into 3 portfolios: Consumer Electronics. one or more products is listed.100007 (Bharat Patel .A (3301) Alfreds Futterkiste 100001 (Maria Anders . receives payment for products sold when they are delivered to the customer.1000) Asia Pacific Regional Office Sales Office India West (1401) Bharat Electronics Ltd.1085) Europe Regional Office Sales Office Berlin . a typical flow of information generated by the creation of a billing document is illustrated in Figure 1. Product sales happen via a billing document.1006) Figure 1.7 in Appendix A). Marketing Network ABCD Corp. sells it products through two different selling channels: either directly or through the Internet. 1. Each billing document is represented by a unique number. ABCD Corp.3 Representative Marketing Network : ABCD Corp. Within the billing document.

. Selling Process The terms of payment and type of billing document for transactions differ based on the method by which the transaction has taken place. cords or batteries) are provided free with a bigger purchase.).e. If the product is sold to a customer outside the US.1 The Business Scenario: ABCD Corp ABCD HQ Sales Data Sales Office Plant Retailer/Customer Billing Document Figure 1.. Similarly. most items require payment. etc. whereas normal items are identified with an item category of NOR. and a different type of billing document is generated for immediate payments (see Table A. For example.indb 30 12/10/09 2:40:06 PM . a specific type of billing document is generated if the customer makes the payment using a credit card or any other mode of delayed payment. if the cost of any item in the bill is listed without a value (i. Whenever the value of a record in the billing document is more than $10. within the US. The cost of items under item category DC is recorded on the billing document. Such items are listed with an item category of DC. however. Normally. but taxes or other costs are not recorded. it is treated as a domestic sale (see Table A.000 USD.11 in Appendix A). is a free item).g. the transaction is identified as a high-value transaction. the system is designed to identify such a record separately (see Table A. for special occasions (the holiday season. clearing sales. some low-value products (e.9 in Appendix A). the corresponding billing document is identified as an export.10 in Appendix A). and the billing document is marked with an indicator to differentiate it from those with lower transaction values. 30 Book_323_TIGHT.3  Overview of ABCD Corp.

type of item. sales district. and the product group is captured in 3. and sales group that services the customer.3 Figure 1. Sample Billing Document The sample billing document shows how the business entities and processes are presented.The Sales and Billing Process 1.4 ABCD Corp.4 shows a sample billing document for ABCD Corp. and product description is captured in 6 of the figure. The product. and customer group are captured in 1 of Figure 1. The type of transaction and selling channel are reflected on the 31 Book_323_TIGHT. Figure 1.indb 31 12/10/09 2:40:07 PM . customer code. Information on the plant that manufactured and dispatched the product is captured in 7. The billing document also provides information about the sales office. Information such as customer name. the billing document number and type of billing transaction are captured in 2.4. The name and code of the salesperson responsible for a specific sale is captured in 5. product code.

net value. The auditors of ABCD Corp. cost. Returns For product returns. Each item in the return billing document has detailed information about the transaction. instead of in the transactional system. and so on.1 The Business Scenario: ABCD Corp lower section of the billing document (8). which addresses a significant number of sales analysis requirements. a credit is issued to the customer. The goal is to build a robust and scalable BI solution based on SAP NetWeaver BW that has reporting capabilities with the following guiding principles: EE Ease the management of the company at the corporate and local level through improved control and visibility. this sales document level investigation must be addressed in SAP NetWeaver BW.4 Business Intelligence Requirements ABCD Corp. require the solution to provide traceability to specific billing documents for a customer when the need arises to analyze instances of variances. wants to have a global BI solution for sales analysis that accesses business transaction data from SAP (as the main data source) and Excel sheets. wants to analyze its sales process and find answers to the following types of questions: EE What products are selling in different sales organizations? EE Which product lines or specific products are selling highest or lowest? EE How do ABCD Corp. and maintenance of the BI solution. Finally. such as the quantity. The IT team at ABCD Corp. cost. EE Move to a more digitalized company to support growth and enable quicker integration of new acquisitions. deployment.indb 32 12/10/09 2:40:07 PM . and net value in USD. 1. require the solution to allow them to easily create their own reports when existing reports do not meet their reporting needs. or flat files (as the secondary data source). Use SAP NetWeaver BW Business Content. ABCD Corp. as are the type of billing value and gross billing amount (9). additionally. requires the solu- 32 Book_323_TIGHT. EE Increase return on investments by optimizing the cost and time spent on the design.’s current year compare to the previous year? EE What are the top 10 best-selling products? The analysts of ABCD Corp. each item in the billing document has information such as quantity.

thus. Figure 1. they also require that the existing SAP R/3 system work at optimal efficiency by removing old data related to business-critical transactions from the OLTP (online transaction processing) system. Sales Planning Process 33 Book_323_TIGHT. Quarter 3 (Q3). This is a high-level plan for the organization. there are four planning periods: Quarter 1 (Q1). and development of different SAP NetWeaver BW components are explained by using each of these requirements as examples.5 is a graphical representation of this scenario. Each sales organization has a product range manager who is responsible for planning the sales of each product under his assigned product range. requires the BI solution to compare actual and planned sales to ascertain and address the causes of variances or to correct plan figures. The head of planning at ABCD Corp.5 tion to be automated for most processes.The Business Planning Scenario 1. and high-level values for each of the product ranges are transferred to different products belonging to these product ranges. Quarter 2 (Q2). Q4 Figure 1. 1. design. and Quarter 4 (Q4). the concept. and Consumer Lifestyle Appliances (CL). Daily Appliances (DA). Each sales organization projects sales figures according to three different divisions or product ranges: Consumer Electronics (CE). sales planning is an annual cycle for all three sales organizations: 1000 (APAC). Sales Organization CE DA CL CE Products DA Products CL Products Q1 Q2 Q3 Top Down Planning ABCD Corp. 2000 (Europe).. and 3000 (North America).indb 33 12/10/09 2:40:07 PM .5 The Business Planning Scenario Within ABCD Corp.5  Overview of ABCD Corp. The plan for a year (January to December) is divided into quarters. In this book. including email alerts of successes or failures of systemic processes.

Business Intelligence Requirements. and are dealt with in subsequent chapters of this book. which have more details about the business scenario. In Appendix A.. In the next chapter. We also explained the BI needs for this company.1 The Business Scenario: ABCD Corp This business scenario description should provide you with an understanding of ABCD Corp.4. 34 Book_323_TIGHT. we explained a very basic business scenario for a typical company. we’ve addressed some aspects with more detail than others. and its sales process. These tables also include the specific SAP codes used to identify each element. 1. While creating the scenario. we provide a brief overview of SAP NetWeaver BW. those explained in detail relate to the realization of the technical requirements we discussed in Section 1. specifically those related to analyzing its sales process. Case Study: ABCD Corp.indb 34 12/10/09 2:40:07 PM . we provide additional information in the form of tables.6 Summary In this chapter.

431 Administer Data Target. 134 Active Data table. 428 Analysis process. 651 Attribute Only checkbox. 42. 337. 407 Application Process Designer (APD). 429 Analysis authorization. 283 ABAP stack. 474 Adapter. 204. 559 Analysis Workbench. 129 Activation messages. 118 Application programming interfaces (API). 462 After Images setting. 550 Analysis mode. 118. 85. 595 Application component. 54 Advanced analysis. 389 ALPHA. 535 Alert Level setting. 662 Analysis Process Designer. 318. 375 Access Type of Result Values. 571 Add step for planning function. 45 ASAP Accelerators. 176. 485 ABAP editor. 43 Access Type for Result Values section. 47. 56 Activation process. 473. 520. 500. 105. 142. 121. 649 Analysis filters. 423. 106. 578 Authorization. 399 APD. 420. 480 Affected Data Providers setting. 503. 321 Authentication mode. 658. 399. 512 Attribute hierarchy change run. 519. 655. 549 Activate a DataSource. 283 ABAP function modules. 319 ABC classification. 658 Analysis Process Designer (APD). 548 Analysis application. 456. 306 Application components. 205 Activation Queue table. 506 API interface. 258. 282. 125 Aggregation. 53. 151 Appearance. 78. 405. 298. 658 Analyzer. 111 Attributes. 541 ABAP programming. 331. 313. 66 Assign commands. 80. 400 Additive delta. 42 Attribute. 422. 658 Advanced web item. 517. 144 A ABAP code. 437 Add-Ins tab. 235. 256 Administration. 174. 278. 420. 100 Analog Distribution. 139. 424 Analysis web item. 137. 494 Assignment Details button. 459. 124 1: N relationship. 298 Application Help button. 504. 261 Application component hierarchy. 118 Active Navigation parameter. 198 Activation of SAP Business Content. 335. 441 Analysis grid. 262 Add drilldown. 42 Analysis toolbar. 230 Amount. 119.Index 0RECORDMODE. 431 Ad-hoc query. 262 Aggregate. 543 Ad-hoc analysis. 420. 376 Aggregation level. 393. 605 Aggregated results. 473.indb 689 12/10/09 2:49:01 PM . 228. 548 Analog Distribution (Self-Reference). 118 Application toolbar. 319. 605 689 Book_323_TIGHT. 420. 658 API. 303 Activate Data. 307 ABAP routine. 395 Association analysis. 227 Adapter parameter. 222.

indb 690 12/10/09 2:49:01 PM . 376 Calculated key figures. 78. 21. 358 Cell Restrictions tab. 385 Characteristic InfoObject. 448 Broadcasting Wizard. 527 Characteristic value variable. 368. 535 Characteristic relationship . 488 Basic Functions category. 76 Characteristic properties. 339. 450 B-Tree. 356. 465. 587 Calculated Results As. 446. 352 Characteristic Restrictions bar. 115 Business Warehouse Information System. 414 Calculations tab. 429 Characteristic. 508 Characteristic relationship ñ propose. 507. 408 BAPI. 145 Business Explorer. 559 Button settings. 374 Characteristic relationship. 533. 451 Broadcast to the Portal type. 375 Characteristic restriction. 22. 366 Before image. 499. 401 BEx Analyzer menu. 391 Cells tab area. 366 Bottom-up planning. 47. 334 Characteristic variable. 401 BI Content. 312 Cell Content section. 390 Behavior. 159 Books and professional journals. 370. 27 Business planning portal role. 211 Basic Data Provider commands list. 32 Bitmap index. 401 BEx Description text box. 26. 403 Charts. 523 Characteristic Restrictions area. 399 Business Explorer tools. 30 BI solution. 504 B Back to Start. 35 Button. 477. 496 Billing document. 597 Chart type.Index Auto Arrange. 123. 663 Characteristic Assignment tab. 426 Button Group web item. 475 690 Book_323_TIGHT. 129 Before List Calculation setting. 71. 359. 465 BW BEx Query option. 358 Change indicator. 474 Behavior section. 143. 462 Characteristic structure. 66 Boolean Operators category. 333. 494 BEx Analysis Toolbox. 450 Broadcasting. 111 BEx Design Toolbox. 497 Breakpoint. 449 Broadcast (Multi Channel) type. 475 Cell definition. 118. 27 Business transaction. 335. 511. 321. 321. 463 Chart wizard. 445 Broadcast E-Mail (Bursting) type. 444. 380. 395 BW Query Connection. 326 Characteristic setting. 35 Business intelligence solution. 585 C Calculated key figure. 119. 545 Change Log table. 413.derive. 153. 501 Business scenario. 450 Broadcast E-Mail type. 509 Characteristic Relationships option. 414 Calendar day. 54. 336. 373. 357 Characteristic usage. 464 Chart web item. 414 Calculate Single Values As. 159 Bubble model. 450 Broadcast to the Printer type. 509 Characteristic relationship ñ check. 504. 200 Automatic data processing. 317 Business intelligence. 449 Broadcasting settings. 416 Change Variables button. 80 Business Explorer (BEx). 29. 345 Chart. 55 BI-Java. 134 Change mode. 244 Broadcast and Export option. 355 Characteristic Restrictions section.

605. 380 Currency Translation Type. 461 Data cell. 42. 487 Commands for Planning Applications folder. 345. 309. 40 Data mining. 370 Classes. 61 Column. 477. 553 Command via Command Wizard. 499. 39 Copy function.Index Checkbox group. 176 Creating a universe. 498 Clustering. 481 Container web item. 652 Data field. 487 Commands for Web Items group. 350 Custom code. 436 Complex aggregation level. 526 D Data access driver. 45 Commands. 453. 379 Conversion Type field. 458 Creating web applications. 464 Command buttons. 465. 80. 160 Create InfoSet. 335. 485 Custom planning function. 97 Compounding tab. 633 Condition. 486. 421 Check. 492 Commands for Web Templates group. 453 Crystal Reports. 64 Create a web application. 485 Conversion routine. 158 Customer exit. 564 Comment. 457. 577 Creating planning applications. 460. 177 Data provider. 507 CKF. 453 Create Dimensions. 338.indb 691 12/10/09 2:49:02 PM . 551 Command field. 378 Container Layout web item. 497 Closed-loop process. 42 Cognos. 473 Context Menu web item. 387. 658 Data mining model. 130. 562 Commands for Planning Applications section. 117 Closed-loop planning. 328 Command button. 415 Data Functions category. 341. 346 Customer exit variable. 191 Create MultiProvider. 442 Condition state. 413 Data consistency. 380 Convert to Formula function. 489 Conditions tab. 117. 463. 132 Data Format field. 430 Constant selection. 154 Customer-defined dimension. 489 Commands for Data Providers section. 578 Database Connect. 241 Data Package. 348. 474 Data Binding Type property. 294 Database table. 416 Currency translation. 473. 460. 464 Data Binding section. 378. 427. 451 Cumulative key figure. and derive. 262 Data Formatting tab. 575 Cleansing of data. 78. 529 Core landscape. 97 Compression. 476 691 Book_323_TIGHT. 335. 487. 487 Command type. 353 Custom Extension web item. 39 Database shared libraries. 416. 482 Context menu. 561 Command Wizard. 540 Currency/Unit tab. 659 Data binding. 461. 528. 109 Currency Conversion tab. 295 Collection mode. 366 Data load mode. 506 Data mapping. 427. propose. 230 Conversions tab. 379 Constant Selection setting. 492 Commands for Web Templates section. 540 Currency Translation section. 348 Custom dimension. 157. 518 Compounding. 228. 660 Data package. 238. 486 Commands for Data Cells list. 422 Conditions. 411 CO-PA. 384.

312 Delta process. 153 Direct Access parameter. 343 Default Values area. 416 Display Options tab. 405. 280 Direct delta. 45. 39. 326 Direct update DSO. 294 Debugger. 489 Data Provider Commands for Conditions/ Exceptions group. 582 Dimension. 139 Data staging process. 511 Derived characteristic. 483 Display text box. 301 Delta-enabled. 245 Data separator. 652 Data Warehousing Workbench. 230. 537 Distribution by reference data. 597 Data target. 142. 420. 420 Destination. 657 Data validation. 490 Data Provider of Type Filter.Index Data Provider Commands for Axes group. 155. 53. 458 Data Provider setting. 39 Delta identification. 226 Delta Process parameter. 247 Data Separator parameter. 149 DIM_ID. 148. 180. 239. 443 Data Provider web item. 512 Data tab. 575. 170 Dimension ID. 286. 301 Delta. 69. 321 Default Values tab. 116. 302 Direct input. 658 Date. 150 Direct access. 301 Derivation. 146 Dimension object. 550 Design toolbar. 595 Display Attribute. 94 Display message. 146. 491 Data Provider Commands for Filter Values group. 661 Disaggregation. 267. 490 Data Provider Commands for Open/Save Functions group. 50. 484 Data retention. 104 DB Connect. 526 Data transfer process. 262 Direct assignment. 236. 506. 490 Data Provider Commands for Hierarchies group. 575 Dimension table. 173. 151. 500. 227. 428 Data Provider tab. 46. 147. 535 Deleting data from setup tables. 659 DataSource. 416 Display parameters settings. 221 DataSource type. 118. 462 Display/Suppress Messages. 24 Decision tree. 489 Data Provider Commands for Documents group. 115. 40. 225. 504. 537 692 Book_323_TIGHT. 235 Data Store Object option. 660 Data to be changed. 514 Data source. 111 Distribution by key. 341 Delete function. 39. 224 Data staging. 294 DBSL. 427. 244 Decimal Places text box. 556 Display mode. 488 Data Provider Commands for Characteristics group. 176 DataStore Object. 428. 118 Data StoreDataStore Object. 40 Detail object. 137. 225. 111 Decision making. 652 Data selection. 548 Display. 308 Direct Access. 660. 420 Design item. 162 Direct Input box. 117 Data volume. 539 Distribution function. 255. 657 Destination data format.indb 692 12/10/09 2:49:02 PM . 513 Design function. 173. 262 Data slice. 550 Design mode. 462 Data Provider-Specific Command. 336. 262 Delta queue. 314 Debugging. 235 DataSource tree. 42 Default value. 535 Delete invalid combinations.

168 Fact table. 460 Dropdown Box web item. 158 Favorite Commands tab. 319 Excel.. 422 Errors and Warnings area. 427 Drill-across. 595 EDP. 21 Email addresses. 289 Duplicate data. 501. 445 Email alert. 332 Drilldown. 457 Error stack. 482 Domain. 503. 21 Efficiency. 432 Extraction layer. 127 DTP. 407 Filter by characteristic value. 108. 322. 21 Error DTP. 255. 172 External Access to the Query. 408. 548 ERP. 307 Drag and drop. 528 Fields to be changed. 146. 241. 410. 90 Equal distribution. 329. 52 Field Assignments box. 436 Document class. 421.Index Distribution key. 157 Edit Format. 334. 438 Execute Planning Function command. 240 Extraction tab. 185 Edit Query. 232 Evolution of SAP NetWeaver BW. 538 Document. 466 Favorites. 129 Duplicate Data Recs. 211 DTP monitor. 450 Exception aggregation. 47. 399 Exception. 377 Exceptions. 176. 107. 403. 537. 449 Distribution weight. 276 Expert routine. 242 Error messages. 498 ETL scenario. 489 Exceptions tab. 252 Extraction mode. 388. 21 Entire Hierarchy Is Time-Dependent. 35 Example scenario. 150. 220 Fill OLAP Cache type. 558 Filter button. 225 E Edit Chart. 477 DSO. 577 External system. 238 Enterprise Resource Planning. 595 Edit MultiProvider. 464 Edit Dimensions. 147. 115. 50. 441 693 Book_323_TIGHT. 538 Distribution type. 173 Electronic data processing. 422. 39 Extraction message. 318. 109 Exception Aggregation. 148. 543 Executive Information System (EIS). 161. 528 Field to be used in conditions. 395 Field for conditions. 227 DTP for direct access. 436 Extended star schema. 262 File Source System. 442 Exclude characteristic value. 286. 527 File Name parameter. 451 Filter. 354. 32 End routine. 228 Extract structure. 464 Excel add-in. 553 Execution with Trace button. 439 Filter Command. 239 Export to Excel. 428 Filter link. 291 Error handling. 521. 321. 242. 399 Excel-based planning application. 308 F F4 search. 326. 55. 150. 550 Excel interface.indb 693 12/10/09 2:49:02 PM . 439 Dropdown box. 351. 527 Field to be changed. 335. 329. 35 Expert mode. 427 Execute Planning Function command type. 438 Exclusion filter. 424. 54. 242 ETL.

348. 262 Hide Repeated Key Values checkbox. 540. 152. 174. 247 Header Rows parameter. 334 Hierarchy. 482 H Header rows. 512 Hierarchy structure. 235. 116. 485 Hyperion. 228 Fixed List of Options setting. 411 Granularity. 540 Free characteristic. 483 InfoObject. 358. 297. Version Dependent. 235 InfoCube activation. 505 Horizontal drilldown. 88 High Cardinality. 335. 483 Global properties. 307 G General Search. 453. 73. 150 InfoCube model. 536 Forecast value. 535 Generate valid proposals. 159 Highlight section. 512 Hierarchy tab. 173. 382 Hierarchical Filter Selection web item. 149 Info Field web item. 368. 203 Global SAP NetWeaver BW. 521 Filter Value Selection During Query Execution section. 295 I Identification of key figures. 230. 5999 Formula Toolbar. 66 Global Settings button. 272 InfoObject catalog. 146. 483 Geographical characteristic. 141. 172 InfoCube definition. 127 InfoArea. 360. 524 Filters. 142 Graphical display. 333 Hierarchy. 50 Fixed Length. 64 Index. 421 Filter tab. 74. 600 Formula variable. 364. 536 Forecast strategy. 176. 300. 463 Graphic tab. 364. 71 InfoCube. 78. 334. 660 Flat file interface. 328. 412 Hierarchy variable. 405 Goto. 332 Free Characteristics area. 454. 51 Generate Combinations function. 211. 377 Historical data. 601 Formula builder. 276 Formula definition. 69. 162 InfoCube design. 476 Filter restriction. 536 Forecasting. 403 Filter Pane web item. 541. 540. 480 Hierarchies. 47. 66 HTML. 304 Generic delta. 186 Identify characteristics. 374 Hierarchy Display. 536 Format Text. 167. 311 Geo-characteristics. 536 Historical value. 335. 98 694 Book_323_TIGHT. 176. 403. 442 Graphical format. 182 Implementation/architecture options with SAP NetWeaver BW. 356. 332 How-to guides. 478 Flat file.Index Filter pane. 39 Forecast data. 235 InfoObject Assignment. 375 Find/Search. 87. 602 Formula. 442 Grouping.indb 694 12/10/09 2:49:02 PM . 337 Hierarchy option. 60 Group web item. 322 Full Upload. 366 Formula editor. 411. 508 Generic DataSource. 226 Function module. 366 FOX (Formula Extension). 208 Hierarchy node variable. 587.

155 InfoObject Direct Input. 484 LIS communication structure. 557 Input-Ready (Relevant for Locking). 64 Information lifecycle management. 208 Link maintenance. 98 Key figure properties. 255. 153 Information. 368. 174. 376. 393. 376 Key figures. 295. 82 Layered architecture. 356. 301 Inner join. 456 Leaves. 662 Join condition. 359. 130 Key figure. 111 L Latitude. 262 InfoProvider. 249. 252. 369 Key figure InfoObject. 69. 188. 194 InfoSet join. 589 Initialization. 26 Informix. 235 InfoSet definition. 129 695 Book_323_TIGHT. 188. 206. 494 K Keep Filter Value function. 483 List of exceptions. 662 Jump target. 130. 235 Infoview. 92 Inverse transformation. 38. 358 InfoProvider Type. 548 Insert Button function. 444 Information button. 168 Input Help. 433. 164 Insert Messages design item. 117. 211 Item number. 368 InfoProvider screen area. 503. 176. 211. 541 Intervals Permitted in Hierarchy. 155. 21. 196. 173. 87 Left outer join. 130. 574 Integrity.indb 695 12/10/09 2:49:02 PM . 521. 480 List of conditions. 185. 422. 379. 319 Join. 208 Input Field web item. 383. 381 Key field. 40. 173. 484 List of Documents web item. 206. 361 Key Figure with Maximum Precision checkbox. 321. 380 Key figure query element. 484 Load Example Data. 468 INT4. 360. 366. 404 Information analysis. 495 Integration Kit. 103 Integrated Planning. 208 InfoSource. 193 InfoSet Maintenance. 377. 581. 434 Information hub. 370 InfoProvider tab. 383. 210. 474. 408 Key figure structure. 188. 154. 582. 486 Java stack. 208 Link web item. 317. 586 Key Figure. 231. 47. 302 List Box web item. 664 InfoProvider area. 36 Layout tab. 411 Key. 131. 651 Internal Display setting. 501. 189. 37 Information technology. 407 Information broadcasting. 483 Input help. 456 Layout/XHTML. 422 List of Exceptions web item. 496 JavaScript. 428 List of Conditions web item. 378. 356. 188. 211. 202. 294 InfoSet. 237 Internal variable. 573. 363. 380. 41. 162 InfoPackage. 71. 177. 434. 465. 354. 523 Input-ready query. 229 Loading. 193 Key Date field. 260. 421 Insert InfoObjects. 416.Index InfoObject Catalog. 116. 321. 422 Insert Table button. 545. 374. 229 Integer. 29 J J2EE engine. 494 Internal table.

239 Master Data option. 512 Master data load. 82 Long text. 204. 35 Log message. 173. 166. 48. 660. 293 Multidimensional structure. 339 Manual planning. 483 Modeling. 415 Navigation attribute. 575. 227 Locking conflict. 323 Metadata. 25 Manual entry/default value. 587 Medium length text. 53. 84 Menu bar. 51. 518 Myself connection. 59 N Naming convention. 299 Logical definition. 223 Materials Requirement Planning. 47 Network display. 411. 476 Navigation step. 424 MultiProvider. 451 Measure object. 413 Local query properties. 587 Navigational State tab. 177. 80 M M N relationship. 76 Navigational attribute. 538 Not assigned ì#î. 188 Logical grouping. 537. 541 Lowercase Letters option. 548 Not Input-Ready (Relevant for Locking). 137. 211. 259. 223. 84 Loop function. 659 Master data attribute. 45 Menu Bar web item. 87 Non-cumulative key figure. 484 Message. 37 Metadata Repository. 141 Multidimensional source. 181 Logistics Information System (LIS).indb 696 12/10/09 2:49:02 PM . 152. 302 LO DataSources. 408 Navigation pane. 295 Multiple queries. 408 Navigator. 221. 234 MRP. 401 Microsoft Excel 2007. 489 Local formula. 473 Miscellaneous web items group. 304 Master Data Attributes option. 582. 313 New Variable option. 110 Not Assigned (#). 109 Non-Cumulative key figure. 228 Number Format tab. 166. 390. 432 New Status for Changed Records. 589. 518 Not Input-Ready (Not Relevant for Locking). 401 Miscellaneous web items. 41 Local calculation. 82. 421. 173. 414 Local workstation. 375 Master data/texts. 94. 132. 207 New Analysis. 312 696 Book_323_TIGHT. 570 Mapping of BEx elements. 21 Multidimensional model. 200 Nesting InfoAreas. 399 Microsoft Excel 2003. 335. 47. 416. 219. 436. 232 LO initialization table. 303 Longitude. 413 Numeric Pointer. 143 Magic quadrant. 570 LO Customizing Cockpit. 599 Local calculations. 417 Local properties. 483 Master data. 586 Map web item. 154. 339 Node. 56 Metadata lifecycle management. 127. 39. 21 Mathematical Functions category. 47. 55 Microsoft Excel. 456. 513 Not Assigned (#) Values. 306. 501.Index Loading layer. 54. 326 Navigation options. 548 Number. 545. 78. 440 Navigation Pane web item. 433. 102 Number format. 184. 80. 366 MDX cache.

588. 542 Planning sequence. 420. 504. 510. 541 Project for SAP enhancement. 491. 521.Index O Object. 111 Planning. 372 Properties pane. 526 Planning lock. 241 Paging settings. 475 Parallel processing. 466 Operand. 151. 354. 41 Planning application. 346 Prompt. 427 Program Element. 571 Planning Modeler. 497 Operator. 451 Precalculate Value Set type. 521. 526 Precalculated values. 375 Postprocess DataSource. 500. 605 Processing mode. 655 Open hub service. 36 Open hub. 655 Open Variable dialog. 500. 527 Partner Academy. 299 Pre-built function. 66 Percentage Functions category. 335 Process Variables command. 457 Properties Pane web item. 329 Preview section. 575 Object-specific properties. 585 Offset. 587. 141. 500 Planning version. 580 OLAP universe. 451 Peripheral landscape. 188 Output format. 248 Parameter value. 58 ODBO. 343 Person Respons. 500. 531 OHD. 546 Planning function. 243. 427. 40 Personalization. 115 Operational planning. 655 OLAP. 65 Persistence staging area. 445 Overview of Scheduled Settings link. 501. 432. 417 Oracle database. 232. 500 OLE DB for OLAP. 416 Preview. 39. 322 Properties of query elements. 526. 471 Overwrite. 456. 279 P Package ID. 499 Planning filter. 577 OLTP. 254 Pseudo-delta. 525 Posted Values option.indb 697 12/10/09 2:49:03 PM . 225. 503. 159 Outer join. 497 Planning and advanced analytics layer. text box. 388 OLAP cache. 366 Operation. 351 Processing types of variables. 525. 451 Presentation Options tab. 665 Operational Data Store. 451 OLAP characteristic variables. 436 Process chain. 40. 485 Proposal. 542 Planning-Specific Command. 514 Planning Wizard. 364. 496 Strategic planning. 252 Processing type. 245 PSA Maintenance. 168. 366 Performance. 523 OLAP cube. 498 OLTP system. 374 Planning variable. 32 Online analytical processing (OLAP). 525. 119 Package size. 569. 245 Persistent staging area (PSA). 383. 574 OLAP variable. 601 Operators. 593 Properties. 448 Overview tab page. 333. 491. 427. 139 697 Book_323_TIGHT. 554 Planning function type. 116. 655 Open hub destination. 175. 169 PSA. 541 Print Version function. 552 Planning tab. 170 Object type. 229 Provider-specific properties. 55. 253. 141. 503. 550 Planning component.

337. 393. 478 Query Views option. 397. 328 Rows/Columns. 633 Request number. 595 Report-to-report interface. 393. 590. 533 Reposted value. 651 Real time. 119 Restricted key figure. 69 Query filter. 392 Query properties. 588 Realignment run.Sign for Nodes. 151. 28 Remodeling. 342 Reference data. 58 Rollup. 381. 651 Root node. 377 Reference characteristic field. 151. 438 Repair. 102 Query. 331. 506 Receiver. 592 Query output. 383 Report Painter. 422 Radio Button Group web item. 38. 528 Revaluation factor. 382. 351 Replacement Path tab. 225 Real-time behavior. 39. 593 698 Book_323_TIGHT. 303 Result object. 419 Regional marketing office. 336. 335. 129 Quantity. 399 Reporting and analysis layer. 341 Report elements. 321 Rows/Columns area. 293 Read master data. 414 Query Properties section. 383 Query Properties option. 395 Reconcile. 663 Replacement path. 537 Revaluation planning function. 548 Query result. 348. 87 Row/Columns screen area. 355. 368. 506 Real-time InfoCube. 652 Replace. 393. 587 Restructure table. 302 R Radio button group. 307 Run Query. 595 Query view. 360 RRI. 92 RKF. 597 Reporting and analysis. 485 Revaluation. 426 Queued Delta. 458 Query View Selection option. 210 Real-time access. 532 Repost function. 536 Reverse +/. 354 Reusable web item.Index Q QM status. 383 Result Rows section. 41 Reporting with SAP BusinessObjects. 118. 494 RSAX_BIW_GET_DATA_SIMPLE. 458. 428. 252 Request SID. 251 Quality Status. 494 Report-to-report interface (RRI). 499. 590 Result Position section. 99 Reference characteristic. 374 Reusable component. 328 Rows. 306 Reconstruction. 440 Remove Drilldown option. 662 Remodeling rule. 369 ROCANCEL.indb 698 12/10/09 2:49:03 PM . 359 Remove result rows. 655. 317. 136 Request ID. 35 Report title. 537. 478 RDBMS. 396 RRI Open Mode. 117 Repost by characteristic relationships. 526. 378. 539 Refresh. 124 Role. 270 Ready for input. 504 Real-time mode. 532. 614 Reference. 533 Request GUID. 664 Remove drilldown. 409 Remove Reference option. 345. 120. 388.

587 Selection object. 501. 420 BEx design toolbar. 396 Sender/Receiver Assignment. 147. 124. 407 SAP Help Portal. 513 699 Book_323_TIGHT. 512 BEx Analysis Functions. 245 Scheduling settings. 45 SAP exit. 71. 482 Single-sign on (SSO). 448 BEx variable. 573. 388. 431. 453 SAP Business Content. 31 Sample class. 420. 133 Security. 351. 318. 37. 353 Selection Type column. 355 Software application. 545 BEx Query Designer menu bar. 434 BEx web application designer. 395 Sender/receiver assignment. 550 BEx functions. 147 SID Table. 34 Sales transaction. 66 SAP Easy Access. 43. 335. 444. 41. 399. 23 SOB. 173. 32. 373 Sorting tab. 25. 394 Settings. 448. 454 SAP help documentation. 148 Simple aggregation level. 31 Semantic Groups setting. 399. 485 Search. 118. 361. 413 Source characteristic. 331.Index S Sales analysis requirements. 495. 405. 573 SAP Developers Network. 405 BEx Analyzer. 448 BEx web analyzer functions. 66 S-API. 150 SIDs Generation. 588 Sender. 43 Script web item. 458 SAP NetWeaver BW MDX driver. 434. 27 Sales office. 301 Short text. 448 BEx object. 588 BEx variables. 444. 319 BEx tools. 36. 501 BEx Analyzer add-in. 32 Sales analytics. 532 Save workbook. 128 SID table. 33 Sales planning scenario. 52 Secondary index. 338 SAP Business Content DataSource. 44 SAP NetWeaver BW InfoProviders. 401 BEx Broadcaster. 317. 540 BEx web analyzer. 320. 659 BEx Query Designer. 125 Semantic layer. 393. 368. 317. 352 Slice-n-dice mode of reporting. 453. 453. 317. 314 SAP J2EE Server. 578 Single Values. 430 Scalability. 545 Simulate Installation. 501 SAP logon pad. 453 SAP BusinessObjects. 655 Scalable platform. 43 SAP logon screen. 431. 496. 28 Sales planning. 22 Sort. 139 SAP Business Explorer (BEx).indb 699 12/10/09 2:49:03 PM . 29. 378. 319. 318. 498 Sales process. 338 SAP GUI. 36. 405. 396 Selling channel. 411 Sorting section. 573 Save planning function. 148. 36 Scheduler. 63 Single Document web item. 573 SAP NetWeaver BW query driver. 238 Semantic key. 401 BEx iView. 318. 605 Selection. 573 SAP Business Suite. 84 SID. 441 Setup table. 431. 517. 525. 28 Sample billing document. 39 SAP Connectivity component. 323 BEx report designer. 355 Selection screen. 574. 449 BEx design functions. 362. 156. 448 BEx query. 360. 446 Scoring and weighted score tables. 358.

314 Transaction code RSA5. 526 Standard InfoCube. 251 Template. 438 System lifecycle management. 454 Startup View. 99. 536 Status bar. 95 Time-dependent. 377 Standard DSO. 385 Total Status. 206 Temporary storage. 304 700 Book_323_TIGHT. 484 Ticker web item. 39. 298 Transaction code SBIW. 281 Time dependency. 40 Standalone tool. 544. 554 Statistical forecasting methods.Index Source data format. 514 Time characteristics. 45 Title properties. 206 Staging BAPIs. 322 Technical architecture. 403 Tab Pages web item. 652 Temporary storage area. 147 Swap. 497 Top N. 40 Source system. 548 Static parameters. 459. 484 Time. 301 Transaction RSO2. 190. 483 T Table. 45 Strategic planning. 40 Staging layer. 235 Text-type file. 119 Standard DTP. 287. 569 System Messages web item. 411 Swap characteristics.indb 700 12/10/09 2:49:03 PM . 206 Time-Dependent Hierarchy Structure. 128. 304 Transaction LBWG. 104. 497 Structure. 473 Start menu. 118. 383 Surrogate ID. 595 Toggle Drag and Drop State command. 252 Source unit. 223 Transaction DataSource. 333 Text element. 258 Timestamp. 35 Technical characteristic. 427 Toggle State button. 457 Tabular display. 350 Text View field. 180 Time conversion transformation. 298 Transaction Data. 581. 95. 538. 540 Target Unit field. 504 Text. 71. 482 Tabular and graphical format. 442 Top 10. 251 Tracing authorization. 456. 506 Standard toolbar. 548 Top-down planning. 356. 91 Time-dependent master data. 442 Tabular format. 71 Technical key. 586 Summation. 227 Text variable. 125. 543 Test input template. 177 Time characteristic. 540 SQL statement. 422 Texts. 334. 380 Task. 358 Subclass. 37 System message. 136 Technical model. 139 Testing planning function. 373 Text web item. 312 Title bar (dynamic menu bar). 146 Technical status. 443 Suppress Zeros section. 409 Swap Axes function. 454 Standard aggregation. 473 Target unit. 279 Suppression of zero values. 151. 181. 597 Templates. 32 Top-down distribution. 45 Standard web items. 536 Standard formula function. 190 Time-dependent attribute. 119. 290. 130 Temporal join. 291 Standard forecasting methods. 541 Standard function.

456 Web Item Parameters tab. 54. 265. 342 Types of aggregation level. 281 Transitive attribute. 306 W Warning. 567 WebI document. 405. 423. 530 Variable screen. 353. 585 Universe classes. 456. 660. 453. 188 Unique Data Record. 337 Variable value. 493 Web Template web item. 474 Web services. 581. 207 Trigonometric Functions category. 130 Update mode. 166 Unit InfoObject. 441 Variable Selection. 326. 424 Variable editor. 47. 457. 501 Web-based planning application. 473 Web item group. 323. 453 Web application designer. 332 Virtual InfoProvider. 338. 323 With Text. 470 Value Display section.Index Transfer Application Component Hierarchy. 274 Transformation type. 422 Web analyzer. 71. 662 Transformation layer. 40 Transformation program. 151 VirtualProvider. 574. 470 Validate option. 657. 518 Types of InfoCube. 578 Unserialized V3. 302 Update collection run. 39 Web template. 463. 238. 573. 38. 177 Unit conversion. 457. 383 Values Ranges. 380 Unit dimension. 346 Variables. 557. 302 User entry variable. 235. 588 Web interface. 574. 150 Types of variables. 366 Type of Distribution. 112 Universal Data Connect. 548 Type of Variable setting. 83 Workbook. 39 Universe. 40. 523 Variable type. 280. 211. 588 Web Intelligence. 334 U UD Connect. 47. 478 Variable Sequence tab. 352 Variable. 55 Tree. 405 Vertical drilldown. 252 Update table. 544 Variable values. 318. 540 Unit Conversion section. 418. 402. 586 Universe parameter. 48 Tree Display. 302 Update Data. 373 Value Display tab. 381 Variables view. 317. 466 Web template properties. 190 Translation. 295. 295 Union. 586 Universe Designer. 228 V V1 update. 577 Universe element. 239 Transformation rule. 318. 427 Transformation. 299 Transfer Values command. 318. 323. 55 Transport Connection.indb 701 12/10/09 2:49:03 PM . 399 WebI report. 39. 346 Variable Is Ready for Input checkbox. 129 Unit. 261. 464 Variable Screen button. 429 701 Book_323_TIGHT. 343. 210. 573. 302 Validate on Server option. 480 Where-Used List. 39. 234. 589 Web item. 537 User Master Record setting. 54. 173. 364.

454 702 Book_323_TIGHT. 135. 416 Zero values. 468. 118. 136 X XMLA. 470 XML. 484 Z Zero suppression.Index Workbook properties. 453. 422 Workbook-Specific Command. 416 XHTML. 456. 422 Workbook settings. 432 XML generation. 427 Write mode. 507 Write-optimized DSO.indb 702 12/10/09 2:49:04 PM .

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