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You are on page 1of 9

Simulation Description

This topic details the equations used by shell and tube heat exchanger types. The types covered

are shown in Table 1.

Show Table 1?

l Defining the Nusselt Number for the Shell and Tube Paths

l Defining the Heat Transfer Area

l Defining the Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient

l Defining the Number of Transfer Units, NTU

l Defining the Heat Capacity Rate Ratio, R

l Thermal Effectiveness Calculations

Defining the Nusselt Number for the Shell and Tube Paths

Tube and Shell Paths - Laminar Flow (Reynolds number < 2300)

Applicable for all types. For this condition, then Nu is defined as follows:

Equation 1

mk:@MSITStore:C:\PROGRA~2\FLOWMA~1\FLOWMA~1\Help\PowerGenEx.ch... 2017/11/16

Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers - Simulation Description Page 2 of 9

Where:

The above equation is only applicable when the No. of Shell Passes > 1.

Tube and Shell Paths - Turbulent Flow (Reynolds number > 2300)

Tube Path

Equation 2

Shell Path

Equation 3

Applicable to the Tube Path only for all types, it is defined as follows:

Equation 4

Where:

mk:@MSITStore:C:\PROGRA~2\FLOWMA~1\FLOWMA~1\Help\PowerGenEx.ch... 2017/11/16

Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers - Simulation Description Page 3 of 9

do = Tube outside diameter

l = Length of tube per tube pass

NTP = Number of tube passes

N = Number of tubes per pass

Applicable to the Tube Path only for all types, it is defined as follows:

Equation 5

Where:

Equation 6

Where:

Applicability

mk:@MSITStore:C:\PROGRA~2\FLOWMA~1\FLOWMA~1\Help\PowerGenEx.ch... 2017/11/16

Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers - Simulation Description Page 4 of 9

Equation 7

Where:

fth = Tube side heat transfer shape coefficient

fsh = Shell side heat transfer shape coefficient

and

Applicability

Equation 8

The calculations for forward and reverse flow, are calculated as follows:

Types 17 and 18

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Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers - Simulation Description Page 5 of 9

Equation 9

Equation 10

Type 19

Equation 11

Where:

Type 20

Equation 12

Type 64

mk:@MSITStore:C:\PROGRA~2\FLOWMA~1\FLOWMA~1\Help\PowerGenEx.ch... 2017/11/16

Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers - Simulation Description Page 6 of 9

Equation 13

Equation 14

Where:

Types 21 and 65

Equation 15

Where:

and

mk:@MSITStore:C:\PROGRA~2\FLOWMA~1\FLOWMA~1\Help\PowerGenEx.ch... 2017/11/16

Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers - Simulation Description Page 7 of 9

Equation 16

Types 22 and 62

Equation 17

Equation 18

Equation 19

Type 24

Equation 20

mk:@MSITStore:C:\PROGRA~2\FLOWMA~1\FLOWMA~1\Help\PowerGenEx.ch... 2017/11/16

Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers - Simulation Description Page 8 of 9

Equation 21

Type 25

P is calculated as follows:

Equation 22

Where:

Types 26 and 63

Equation 23

Where:

and

mk:@MSITStore:C:\PROGRA~2\FLOWMA~1\FLOWMA~1\Help\PowerGenEx.ch... 2017/11/16

Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers - Simulation Description Page 9 of 9

Equation 24

Equation 25

Where:

mk:@MSITStore:C:\PROGRA~2\FLOWMA~1\FLOWMA~1\Help\PowerGenEx.ch... 2017/11/16

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