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P&ID Symbols and Notation

Like other specialized diagrams, P&IDs are comprised of standard shapes and
symbols. There's a huge variety of symbols, depending on industry and manufacturer,
so we've created a guide to the most popular P&ID symbols.

To experiment with these symbols, just click the buttons below. With Lucidchart's P&ID
software, building a piping and instrumentation diagram is fast, easy, and completely
free.

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Common P&ID Symbols Legend


Piping and instrumentation diagrams, or P&IDs, are used to create important
documentation for process industry facilities. The shapes in this legend are
representative of the functional relationship between piping, instrumentation, and
system equipment units. We've broken them down into seven main groups:
equipment, piping, vessels, heat exchangers, pumps, instruments, and valves.

With Lucidchart, it's easy to access all of the featured P&ID symbols. Users can also
import SVGs and other image files to create a custom P&ID library for any situation.

EQUIPMENT
Equipment is comprised of miscellaneous P&ID units that don't fit into the other
categories. This group includes hardware like compressors, conveyors, motors,
turbines, vaccuums, and other mechanical devices.
PIPING
A pipe is a tube that transports fluid substances. Piping can be made of various
materials, including metal and plastic. The piping group is made up of one-to-many
pipes, multi-line pipes, separators, and other types of piping devices.
VESSELS
A vessel is a container that is used to store fluid. It may also alter the characteristics of
the fluid during storage. The vessels category includes tanks, cylinders, columns,
bags, and other vessels.

HEAT EXCHANGERS
A heat exchanger is a device that's designed to efficiently transfer heat from different
areas or mediums. This category includes boilers, condensers, and other heat
exchangers.
PUMPS
A pump is a device that uses suction or pressure to raise, compress, or move fluids in
and out of other objects. This section is comprised of both pumps and fans.
INSTRUMENTS
An instrument is a device that measuresand sometimes controlsquantities such
as flow, temperature, angle, or pressure. The instruments group houses indicators,
transmitters, recordings, controllers, and elements.
VALVES
A valve regulates, directs, or controls the flow of a fluid by opening, closing, or
partially obstructing passageways in a piping system.This category includes
rotameters, orifices, and other types of valves.
Lucidchart offers every P&ID shape that engineers need. Easily create piping and
instrumentation diagrams and collaborate among your team members with
Lucidchart's P&ID tutorial.