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GLOBALISATION:

FRIEND OR FOE?
Globalisation is the process where the world is increasingly becoming more
connected. Globalisation has without a doubt impacted the world significantly,
but is it a positive or negative force?

Globalisation has influenced just about every aspect of an individuals life such
as religion, food, transport, music and clothing. It affects us differently based on
our location, income and education.

A positive impact on individuals is that globalization encourages free trade,


which creates more jobs, makes companies more competitive, broadens access
to goods and services and lowers prices for consumers.

Another positive impact is that through travel, trade and technology, we can
now share our ideas, experiences and lifestyles with others around the world.
People can experience foods and other products that wouldnt be previously
available in their countries.We are more exposed to the cultures of other
countries which
can help strengthen connections with other countries. This
can also lessen racism and the hatred of people of
different nationalities.

A negative impact on individuals is that globalisation has


widened the gap between rich and poor. People living in
developing countries, such as China and Bangladesh are
disadvantaged compared to people living in developed
countries, such as Australia and the United States.

Transnational companies exploit workers in these


economically disadvantaged countries for cheap labour to
increase profits. These people are forced to work in
dangerous conditions for extremely low wages. They often
earn so little that they are forced to work sixteen hours a
day just to survive.

People living in developing countries also often have no


access to technology. Those who do, cannot read and write
in English, which has become the ruling language in the
global world. This prevents them from accessing
information and communicating with others.

On a national scale, countries such as the United States are


benefitting from the wealth that globalisation has brought.
For poorer countries though, the situation is becoming
worse and the level of inequality has increased. For
example, the sum of the national incomes of Jamaica,
Nepal, Ecuador, Georgia and Sudan is equal to Bill Gates
personal income.
GLOBALISATION: FRIEND
OR FOE?
CONTINUED

People living in poorer countries


are less likely to be educated and
have the necessary skills needed
to improve the countrys economy.

A negative impact of globalisation


on a global scale is that it has
heavily contributed to global
warming. This is because of the
value placed on international
trade, travel and industry. Carbon
dioxide emissions have multiplied
by four since the 1950s. However,
organisations such as the United
Nations and the World Trade
Organisation have been formed to
help resolve global issues like this.
The 1997 Kyoto Protocol had
representatives from 150 countries
come together to create a plan to
reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Another negative impact is that the


worlds cultural diversity is
endangered. If everyone wears
jeans, watches Hollywood movies
and speaks English, local traditions
and cultures may be drowned out.

A positive impact of globalisation


on a global scale, is that it has also
brought more awareness of global
events and issues. An example of
how this has benefitted the world
is the 2004 tsunamis. The United
United Kingdom and other nations
were made aware of the situation
due to globalisation, and were able
to provide help for those affected.
In conclusion, globalisation is both
a positive and negative force,
depending on factors such as
gender, ethnicity, location, age and
wealth.