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RESULTS

Internal Water
hin hout Area of Pipe Velocity, Reynolds Type Of
Pipe Diameter of Discharge, Q f hf (m)
(mm) (mm) (m2) v (m/s) Number Flow
Pipe, d (mm) (m3/s)
6.667 10-6 790 781 0.032 460.35 Laminar 0.0348 4.430 10-4
1.333 10-5 800 774 0.063 906.32 Laminar 0.0177 8.733 10-4
1 16.4 2.000 10-5 813 764 2.112 10-4 0.095 1366.67 Laminar 0.0117 1.313 10-3
2.667 10-5 832 748 0.126 1812.63 Laminar 0.0088 1.736 10-3
3.333 10-5 856 715 0.158 2272.98 Turbulent 0.0070 2.172 10-3
1.667 10-6 811 771 0.115 433.77 Laminar 0.0369 0.0231
3.333 10-6 824 753 0.230 867.54 Laminar 0.0184 0.0461
2 4.3 6.667 10-6 866 711 1.452 10-5 0.459 1731.32 Laminar 0.0092 0.0918
1.167 10-5 885 698 0.804 3032.63 Turbulent 0.0061 0.1870
1.333 10-5 918 670 0.918 3462.63 Turbulent 0.0062 0.2477
CALCULATIONS

Example from pipe 1:

1. Velocity, v

( )

2. Reynolds Number

( )( )( )

3. Friction Factor, f

i. For laminar Flow:

ii. For turbulent flow:

( )

( )( )( )
( )( )

4. Frictional Head Loss, hf

( )( )( )
( )( )
Graph Head Loss vs Velocity for Pipe 1
0.0025

0.002
Frictional Head Loss (m)

0.0015

0.001

0.0005

0
0 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.08 0.1 0.12 0.14 0.16 0.18
Velocity, v (m/s)

Graph Head Loss vs Velocity for Pipe 2


0.3

0.25
Frictional Head Loss (m)

0.2

0.15

0.1

0.05

0
0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1
Velocity, v (m)