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Exp03 Ohms Law

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DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY

MEL , MEA, MIP

(MAKMAL ELEKTRONIK LANJUTAN, MAKMAL ELEKTRONIK ASAS,

MAKMAL PENGIMEJAN PERUBATAN)

Course Code & Name /

BNR13402 / ELECTRICAL LABORATORY I

Kod & Nama Kursus

Code & Title of Experiment/

OHMS LAW

Kod & Tajuk Ujikaji

Date of Experiment/

Tarikh Ujikaji

Programme/Program 1 BND / BNE / BNF

Group/ Kumpulan

Name/Nama Matrix No./

No. Matrik

Group Members/

1.

Ahli Kumpulan

2.

3.

4.

Instructor Name / 1.

Nama Instruktor 2.

Data Analysis and Discussion (25%)/

C1

Analisis Data dan Perbincangan(25%)

%

C C2 Conclusion (5%) / Kesimpulan(5%) %

C3 Question (5%)/ Soalan(5%) %

Result (50%)/

P

Keputusan(50%)

%

Assessment / Penilaian

Pre-Lab (10%) /

Pra-Lab (10%)

A

Discipline (5%) /

%

Disiplin (5%)

TOTAL / JUMLAH /100%

Faculty of Engineering Technology Page No. 2 / 13

1.1 To compare the value of resistance correctly from the current-voltage graph. (C2, PLO2)

1.2 To explain simple circuit problems by using three different forms of Ohms Law. (P2, PLO1)

1.3 To comply the relationship between current, voltage and resistance in a circuit. (A2, PLO1)

2. INTRODUCTION / THEORY

Ohms Law describes mathematically the relationship between voltage, current and resistance

in an electric circuit. Ohms Law states that voltage (V) across a resistor is directly proportional

to the current (I) flowing through the resistor. The constant of proportionality is the resistance

(R). The resistance (R) of an element denotes its ability to resist the flow of electric current It

is measured in ohms (). The connection circuit for the resistor is shown in

Figure 1. The following formula describes Ohms Law:

V is the voltage in volts (V)

I is the current in amperes (A)

Faculty of Engineering Technology Page No. 3 / 13

2

=

2

=

The power dissipated in a resistor is an on linear function of either current or voltage. Since R is

positive quantities, the power dissipated in a resistor is always positive. Thus, a resistor always

absorbs power from the circuit. This confirms the idea that a resistor is a passive element,

incapable of generating energy.

3. PRELAB EXERCISE

Table 8.1

V (v) R () I (mA)

2.5 1.2k

1.2 6.8 k

240 3.3 M

5.6 390

9.0 8.2 k

(5 marks / A)

Table 8.2

I (mA) V (v) R ()

2.0 6.5

4.0 4.0

10.0 3.5

0.005 7.0

2.5 1.5

(5 marks / A)

Faculty of Engineering Technology Page No. 4 / 13

4. EQUIPMENT

4.2. Multimeter

4.3. Milliammeter (100mA)

4.4. Breadboard and jumper wires

4.5. Resistor: 390, 470, 560, 1k, 2.2k, 3.3k, 4.7k

5. PROCEDURES

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

i. Wire always from the load toward the source, not vice-versa.

ii. While ammeters must be hardwired into the circuit, it is usually better to add voltmeters

last, on top of the existing functional circuit so to speak. (This makes it easy to change a

voltmeter connection or to remove it temporarily for a resistance check or some other use.)

iii. Make sure that an ammeter is always placed in series with a circuit element through which

you want to measure the current.

iv. Also, make sure that a voltmeter is always placed in parallel with the terminals across which

you want to measure the voltage.

v. When the instructor has approved your connections, connect the source with an initial

output voltage of 0 volts. Slowly, increase the output voltage of the power supply from 0V

to required value.

vi. In order to measure the value for current, initially made sure to put at large range and reduce

it to the lower range to avoid the fuse from blow.

5.1 TASK 1: DETERMINE THE VALUE OF VOLTAGE AND CURRENT BY VARYING THE RESISTANCE

5.1.1. Construct the circuit as shown in Figure 2 with the value of Vs is 7V and the value of R

is 390. Refer to safety precautions to connect the DC power supply.

5.1.2. Measure the value of current, I and the voltage, V1 across resistor R. Refer to safety

precautions on how to measure voltage and current using multimeter.

5.1.3. Record your reading in Table 1 (under section Result).

5.1.4. Repeat step 2-3 for different values of resistors according to Table 1.

Faculty of Engineering Technology Page No. 5 / 13

Figure 2

5.2 TASK 2: DETERMINE THE VALUE OF RESISTANCE FROM CURRENT-VOLTAGE (I-V) GRAPH

5.2.1 Construct the circuit as shown in Figure 3 with the value of Vs is 2V and choose

any value of R.

Figure 3

5.2.2 Measure the value of current, I. Record your reading in Table 2 (under section

Result).

5.2.3 Repeat step 2-3 for different values of Vs according to Table 2.

5.2.4 Plot a Current vs Voltage (I-V) graph based on data in Table 2. Predict the value of

unknown resistance R from your graph.

Faculty of Engineering Technology Page No. 6 / 13

6. RESULTS

6.1 TASK 1: DETERMINE THE VALUE OF VOLTAGE AND CURRENT BY VARYING THE RESISTANCE

1. Table 1

390 7

470 7

560 7

1k 7

2.2k 7

3.3k 7

4.7k 7

(17.5 marks / P)

6.2 TASK 2: DETERMINE THE VALUE OF RESISTANCE FROM CURRENT-VOLTAGE (I-V) GRAPH

1. Table 2

Resistance value = .

2.0 3.571

3.0 5.357

4.0 7.143

5.0 8.929

6.0 10.714

(17.5 marks / P)

Faculty of Engineering Technology Page No. 7 / 13

2. Plot the I-V graph on the attached graph paper. Do include the graph title and label the axes

involve. Next, find the unknown resistance value from the plotted graph and show the

calculation on the same graph paper. (5M)>>linear graph

(15 marks / P)

Faculty of Engineering Technology Page No. 8 / 13

i. Show the calculation & compare btwn calculate & measured value

Should within 10 % tolerance

(9 marks / C1)

ii. Refer to the Ohms law theory between the relationship on current (I) and Reistance (R)

(9 marks / C1)

iii. Based on V-I graph, calculate the R value

(7 marks / C1)

8. CONCLUSION

(5 marks / C2)

9. QUESTIONS

8.1 How much resistance is required to limit current flow to 20mA with 24V supply?

(2.5 marks / C3)

8.2 What happens to the current in an electric circuit when the voltage is increased? When it is

decreased? When the resistance is increased, and when it is decreased?

V = IR

Increase @ Increase @

decrease decrease

Vfixed Resistance

Current

Rfixed Voltage

(2.5 marks / C3)

Name / Nama : MOHD FADLY BIN ABD RAZAK Name / Nama : DR. JUMADI ABDUL SHUKOR

Date / Tarikh : 20 JAN 2017 Date / Tarikh : 20 JAN 2017

Faculty of Engineering Technology Page No. 1 / 13

Title: EXP03_OHMS LAW (REPORT AND ANSWER

Effective Date 14/02/2017

SHEET)

PRELAB EXERCISE

Table 8.1

V (v) R () I (mA)

2.5 1.2k

1.2 6.8 k

240 3.3 M

5.6 390

9.0 8.2 k

(5 marks / A)

Table 8.2

I (mA) V (v) R ()

2.0 6.5

4.0 4.0

10.0 3.5

0.005 7.0

2.5 1.5

(5 marks / A)

Faculty of Engineering Technology Page No. 2 / 13

Title: EXP03_OHMS LAW (REPORT AND ANSWER

Effective Date 14/02/2017

SHEET)

6.1 TASK 1: DETERMINE THE VALUE OF VOLTAGE AND CURRENT BY VARYING THE RESISTANCE

1. Table 1

390 7

470 7

560 7

1k 7

2.2k 7

3.3k 7

4.7k 7

(17.5 marks / P)

6.2 TASK 2: DETERMINE THE VALUE OF RESISTANCE FROM CURRENT-VOLTAGE (I-V) GRAPH

3. Table 2

Resistance value = .

2.0 3.571

3.0 5.357

4.0 7.143

5.0 8.929

6.0 10.714

(17.5 marks / P)

Faculty of Engineering Technology Page No. 3 / 13

Title: EXP03_OHMS LAW (REPORT AND ANSWER

Effective Date 14/02/2017

SHEET)

4. Plot the I-V graph on the attached graph paper. Do include the graph title and label the axes

involve. Next, find the unknown resistance value from the plotted graph and show the

calculation on the same graph paper. (5M)>>linear graph

(15 marks / P)

Faculty of Engineering Technology Page No. 4 / 13

Title: EXP03_OHMS LAW (REPORT AND ANSWER

Effective Date 14/02/2017

SHEET)

DATA ANALYSIS & DISCUSSION

i. Show the calculation & compare btwn calculate & measured value

Should within 10 % tolerance

(9 marks / C1)

ii. Refer to the Ohms law theory between the relationship on current (I) and Reistance (R)

(9 marks / C1)

iii. Based on V-I graph, calculate the R value

(7 marks / C1)

Faculty of Engineering Technology Page No. 5 / 13

Title: EXP03_OHMS LAW (REPORT AND ANSWER

Effective Date 14/02/2017

SHEET)

CONCLUSION

(5marks / C2)

QUESTIONS

8.1 How much resistance is required to limit current flow to 20mA with 24V supply?

8.2 What happens to the current in an electric circuit when the voltage is increased? When it is

decreased? When the resistance is increased, and when it is decreased?

V = IR

Increase @ Increase @

decrease decrease

Vfixed Resistance

Current

Rfixed Voltage

(2.5 marks / C3)

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