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From DNA to Proteins: Test https://docs.google.com/forms/d/11s8QLK3-bA-MI5WsEGsB83Y...

From DNA to Proteins: Test


Complete the test to the best of your ability. You MAY use your notes, you MAY NOT UNDER
ANY CIRCUMSTANCES use the internet.

1. Name

2. Email address (to get your grade emailed to


you immediately - without curve)

3. 1. DNA is made of:


Mark only one oval.

Sugar phospholipids
Nucleotides
Peptide
Nucleolus

4. 2. The purpose of DNA replication is:


Mark only one oval.

To make proteins
To make RNA
To make information
To make an exact copy of DNA

5. 3. The backbone of DNA is made of phosphates and:


Mark only one oval.

Sugars
Bases
Phosphates
Hydrogens

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From DNA to Proteins: Test https://docs.google.com/forms/d/11s8QLK3-bA-MI5WsEGsB83Y...

6. 4. Here is the base sequence for a strand of DNA. Which is the sequence for the
complementary DNA strand? 5' ATAGCGCTTA 3' *BE CAREFUL WITH 5' AND 3'
Mark only one oval.

5' ATAGCGCTTA 3'


5' TATCGCGAAT 3'
5' TAAGCGCTAT 3'
3' ATAGCGCTTA 5'

Use the following image to answer question 5.

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From DNA to Proteins: Test https://docs.google.com/forms/d/11s8QLK3-bA-MI5WsEGsB83Y...

7. 5. If replication of the original DNA molecule occurred using the new nucleotides, what
would the two products of replication look like?
Mark only one oval.

Conservative
Semi-conservative
Dispersive

8. 6. According to Chargaff's rule, the following proportion exists in DNA:


Mark only one oval.

C=G
A=G
A=C
T=G

9. 7. Which of the following is not a component of a nucleotide?


Mark only one oval.

Phosphate
Sugar
Sulfide
Base

10. 8. DNA is replicated during the _________ of the cell cycle:


Mark only one oval.

G1 stage
S stage
G2 stage
M stage

11. 9. DNA polymerase has a proofreading function that enables it to detect:


Mark only one oval.

Errors
Enzymes
Proteins
RNA

3 of 8 11/21/17, 10:11 AM
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12. 10. The enzyme that helps to make a strand of RNA is called
Mark only one oval.

DNA polymerase
DNA topoisomerase
RNA polymerase
DNA ligase

13. 11. What is true about complementary base pairing?


Mark only one oval.

A pairs with T in DNA


A pairs with U in RNA
C pairs with G in both DNA and RNA
All of the above are true

14. 12. The central dogma of molecular biology states that information flows in
onedirection from:
Mark only one oval.

nuclei to RNA to cytoplasm


ribosomes to proteins to DNA
genes to nuclei to ribosomes
DNA to RNA to proteins

15. 13. The main function of tRNA is to


Mark only one oval.

Carry a message that, when translated, forms proteins.


Form a portion of ribosomes, a cells protein factories.
String together complementary RNA and DNA strands.
Bring amino acids from the cytoplasm to the ribosomes.

16. 14. A primary difference between transcription and replication is that transcription
Mark only one oval.

Happens repeatedly throughout a single cell cycle.


Occurs within the nucleus of eukaryotic cells.
Is catalyzed by large and complex enzymes.
Proceeds according to careful cellular control

4 of 8 11/21/17, 10:11 AM
From DNA to Proteins: Test https://docs.google.com/forms/d/11s8QLK3-bA-MI5WsEGsB83Y...

17. 15. What is the term for a three-nucleotide sequence that codes for an amino acid?
Mark only one oval.

Base
Codon
Amine
Serine

18. 16. Which phrase best describes translation?


Mark only one oval.

Converts mRNA into a polypeptide


Catalyzes bonds between amino acids
Produces RNA from DNA molecules
Recycles tRNA molecules for reuse

19. 17. Which of the following is the site of translation?


Mark only one oval.

Vacuole
Lysosome
Nucleus
Ribosome

20. 18. Cystic fibrosis is an example of a genetic disease caused by the deletion of a
nucleotide. What is the term for this type of mutation?
Mark only one oval.

Translocation
Chromosomal
Single-gene
Frameshift

21. 19. Which type of mutation has no effect on phenotype?


Mark only one oval.

Silent
Frameshift
Point
Chromosomal

5 of 8 11/21/17, 10:11 AM
From DNA to Proteins: Test https://docs.google.com/forms/d/11s8QLK3-bA-MI5WsEGsB83Y...

22. 20. What did Hershey and Chase know about bacteriophages that led them to use these
viruses in their DNA experiments?
Mark only one oval.

Bacteriophages are made up of a protein coat surrounding DNA.


Sulfur in all bacteriophages is radioactive
Protein from bacteriophages enters bacteria
Bacteriophages have no DNA of their own

23. 21. Which scientist conducted tests on extracts made of bacteria to show that the
genetic material in bacteria is DNA?
Mark only one oval.

Martha Chase
Oswald Avery
Frederick Griffith
Alfred Hershey

Use the nucleotide sequence to answer question 22.

24. 22. The figure above shows a single strand of DNA. Choose the first three nucleotides
of the other DNA strand.
Mark only one oval.

GGT
CCT
GGC
TTA

25. 23. The main difference between the four nucleotides that make up DNA is that they
have different
Mark only one oval.

Sugars
Bonds
Bases
Uracil

6 of 8 11/21/17, 10:11 AM
From DNA to Proteins: Test https://docs.google.com/forms/d/11s8QLK3-bA-MI5WsEGsB83Y...

26. 24. Which scientists figured out thethree-dimensional structure of DNA by using a
model of metal and wood?
Mark only one oval.

Hershey and Chase


Watson and Crick
Pauling and Franklin
Chargraff and Griffith

27. 25. In humans, where does DNA replication take place?


Mark only one oval.

Cytoplasm
Ribosome
Nucleus
Vacuole

28. 26. During replication, the function of the enzyme DNA polymerase is to
Mark only one oval.

Bind nucleotides together


Send messages
Receive messages
Locate replication sites

29. 27. During transcription, what does messenger RNA do?


Mark only one oval.

It delivers DNA's instructions for making proteins


It constructs proteins out of random amino acids
It strings together two complementary DNA strands
It strings together two complementary RNA strands

30. 28. How many amino acids are coded for by the strand of mRNA shown below?
Assume the reading frame begins with the first nucleotide. CGAUAC
Mark only one oval.

1
2
3
4

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From DNA to Proteins: Test https://docs.google.com/forms/d/11s8QLK3-bA-MI5WsEGsB83Y...

31. 29. What type of mutation leads to no change on the phenotype?


Mark only one oval.

Silent
Frameshift
Mutant
Translocation

32. 30. The fact that more than 1 codon can code for the same amino acid refers to the
Mark only one oval.

Degeneracy of the genetic code


Changing of the genetic code
Multiplication of the genetic code
Difficulty of the genetic code

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8 of 8 11/21/17, 10:11 AM
From DNA to Proteins: Test https://docs.google.com/forms/d/11s8QLK3-bA-MI5WsEGsB83Y...

3. The backbone of DNA is made of phosphates and:


Sugars

Bases

Phosphates

Hydrogens

4. Here is the base sequence for a strand of DNA. Which is the


sequence for the complementary DNA strand? 5' ATAGCGCTTA 3' *BE
CAREFUL WITH 5' AND 3'
5' ATAGCGCTTA 3'

5' TATCGCGAAT 3'

5' TAAGCGCTAT 3'

3' ATAGCGCTTA 5'

2 of 12 11/21/17, 10:18 AM
From DNA to Proteins: Test https://docs.google.com/forms/d/11s8QLK3-bA-MI5WsEGsB83Y...

Use the following image to answer question 5.

5. If replication of the original DNA molecule occurred using the new


nucleotides, what would the two products of replication look like?
Conservative

Semi-conservative

Dispersive

3 of 12 11/21/17, 10:18 AM
From DNA to Proteins: Test https://docs.google.com/forms/d/11s8QLK3-bA-MI5WsEGsB83Y...

6. According to Chargaff's rule, the following proportion exists in DNA:


C=G

A=G

A=C

T=G

7. Which of the following is not a component of a nucleotide?


Phosphate

Sugar

Sul`de

Base

8. DNA is replicated during the _________ of the cell cycle:


G1 stage

S stage

G2 stage

M stage

4 of 12 11/21/17, 10:18 AM
From DNA to Proteins: Test https://docs.google.com/forms/d/11s8QLK3-bA-MI5WsEGsB83Y...

9. DNA polymerase has a proofreading function that enables it to


detect:
Errors

Enzymes

Proteins

RNA

10. The enzyme that helps to make a strand of RNA is called


DNA polymerase

DNA topoisomerase

RNA polymerase

DNA ligase

11. What is true about complementary base pairing?


A pairs with T in DNA

A pairs with U in RNA

C pairs with G in both DNA and RNA

All of the above are true

5 of 12 11/21/17, 10:18 AM
From DNA to Proteins: Test https://docs.google.com/forms/d/11s8QLK3-bA-MI5WsEGsB83Y...

12. The central dogma of molecular biology states that information


gows in onedirection from:
nuclei to RNA to cytoplasm

ribosomes to proteins to DNA

genes to nuclei to ribosomes

DNA to RNA to proteins

13. The main function of tRNA is to


Carry a message that, when translated, forms proteins.

Form a portion of ribosomes, a cells protein factories.

String together complementary RNA and DNA strands.

Bring amino acids from the cytoplasm to the ribosomes.

14. A primary difference between transcription and replication is that


transcription
Happens repeatedly throughout a single cell cycle.

Occurs within the nucleus of eukaryotic cells.

Is catalyzed by large and complex enzymes.

Proceeds according to careful cellular control

6 of 12 11/21/17, 10:18 AM
From DNA to Proteins: Test https://docs.google.com/forms/d/11s8QLK3-bA-MI5WsEGsB83Y...

15. What is the term for a three-nucleotide sequence that codes for an
amino acid?
Base

Codon

Amine

Serine

16. Which phrase best describes translation?


Converts mRNA into a polypeptide

Catalyzes bonds between amino acids

Produces RNA from DNA molecules

Recycles tRNA molecules for reuse

17. Which of the following is the site of translation?


Vacuole

Lysosome

Nucleus

Ribosome

7 of 12 11/21/17, 10:18 AM
From DNA to Proteins: Test https://docs.google.com/forms/d/11s8QLK3-bA-MI5WsEGsB83Y...

18. Cystic `brosis is an example of a genetic disease caused by the


deletion of a nucleotide. What is the term for this type of mutation?
Translocation

Chromosomal

Single-gene

Frameshift

19. Which type of mutation has no effect on phenotype?


Silent

Frameshift

Point

Chromosomal

20. What did Hershey and Chase know about bacteriophages that led
them to use these viruses in their DNA experiments?
Bacteriophages are made up of a protein coat surrounding DNA.

Sulfur in all bacteriophages is radioactive

Protein from bacteriophages enters bacteria

Bacteriophages have no DNA of their own

8 of 12 11/21/17, 10:18 AM
From DNA to Proteins: Test https://docs.google.com/forms/d/11s8QLK3-bA-MI5WsEGsB83Y...

21. Which scientist conducted tests on extracts made of bacteria to


show that the genetic material in bacteria is DNA?
Martha Chase

Oswald Avery

Frederick Griith

Alfred Hershey

Use the nucleotide sequence to answer question 22.

22. The `gure above shows a single strand of DNA. Choose the `rst
three nucleotides of the other DNA strand.
GGT

CCT

GGC

TTA

23. The main difference between the four nucleotides that make up
DNA is that they have different
Sugars

Bonds

Bases

Uracil

9 of 12 11/21/17, 10:18 AM
From DNA to Proteins: Test https://docs.google.com/forms/d/11s8QLK3-bA-MI5WsEGsB83Y...

24. Which scientists `gured out thethree-dimensional structure of DNA


by using a model of metal and wood?
Hershey and Chase

Watson and Crick

Pauling and Franklin

Chargraff and Griith

25. In humans, where does DNA replication take place?


Cytoplasm

Ribosome

Nucleus

Vacuole

26. During replication, the function of the enzyme DNA polymerase is


to
Bind nucleotides together

Send messages

Receive messages

Locate replication sites

10 of 12 11/21/17, 10:18 AM
From DNA to Proteins: Test https://docs.google.com/forms/d/11s8QLK3-bA-MI5WsEGsB83Y...

27. During transcription, what does messenger RNA do?


It delivers DNA's instructions for making proteins

It constructs proteins out of random amino acids

It strings together two complementary DNA strands

It strings together two complementary RNA strands

28. How many amino acids are coded for by the strand of mRNA
shown below? Assume the reading frame begins with the `rst
nucleotide. CGAUAC
1

29. What type of mutation leads to no change on the phenotype?


Silent

Frameshift

Mutant

Translocation

11 of 12 11/21/17, 10:18 AM
From DNA to Proteins: Test https://docs.google.com/forms/d/11s8QLK3-bA-MI5WsEGsB83Y...

30. The fact that more than 1 codon can code for the same amino acid
refers to the
Degeneracy of the genetic code

Changing of the genetic code

Multiplication of the genetic code

Diiculty of the genetic code

This form was created inside of Bridgeport Public Schools.

12 of 12 11/21/17, 10:18 AM