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Indian Police Service
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Indian Police Service (Devanāgarī: , Bhāratīya Pulis Sevā), simply known as Indian Police or IPS, is one of the three All India Services of the Government of India; other two being the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and Indian Forest Service (IFoS). In 1948, a year after India gained independence from Britain, the Imperial Police (IP) was replaced by the Indian Police Service. The IPS is not a law enforcement agency in its own right; rather it is the body to which all senior police officers belong regardless of the agency for whom they work.
Indian Police Service
1 Objectives 2 History 2.1 Reforms ordered by the Supreme Court (1996-2006) 3 Examination and training 4 Designations & Pay scales 5 Ranks and insignia 5.1 Ranks of the IPS 5.2 Insignia of the IPS 6 See also 7 External links 8 Further reading 9 Notes 10 References
Official Seal of the Indian Police Service Service Overview Abbreviation I.P.S. Formed 1948 Country India Training Ground Controlling Authority Legal personality General nature Preceding service Cadre Size Service Colour Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy, Hyderabad Ministry of Home Affairs Governmental: Government service Federal law enforcement Imperial Police (1893–1948) 3899 (2009) Posts Dark Blue and Red
The First Police Commission, appointed on 17 August 1860, contained detailed guidelines for the desired system of police in India and defined police as a governmental department to maintain order, enforce the law, and prevent and detect crime. The Indian Police Service is not a force itself but a service providing leaders and commanders to staff the state police and all-India Para-Military Forces. Its members, who are all at least university graduates, are the senior officers of the police. With the passage of time Indian Police Service's objectives were updated and redefined, the roles and functions of an Indian Police Service Officer are as follows:
Uniform Colour Khaki Website
Official Site (http://www.mha.nic.in /uniquepage.asp?Id_Pk=346) Personnel Director Intelligence Bureau (IB)
To fulfill duties based on broader responsibilities, in the areas of maintenance of public peace and order, crime prevention, investigation, and detection, collection of intelligence, VIP security, counter-terrorism, border policing, railway policing, tackling smuggling, drug trafficking, economic offences, corruption in public life, disaster management, enforcement of socio-economic legislation, bio-diversity and protection of environmental laws etc. Leading and commanding the Indian Intelligence Agencies like Research and Analysis Wing (R&AW), Intelligence Bureau (IB), Central Bureau of Investigations (CBI), Crime Investigation Department (CID) etc., Indian Federal Law Enforcement Agencies, Civil and Armed Police Forces in all the states and union territories. Leading and commanding the Para-Military Forces of India (PMF) which include the Central Police Organisations (CPO) and Central Paramilitary Forces (CPF) such as Border Security Force (BSF), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), National Security Guard (NSG), Rashtriya Rifles , Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), Vigilance Organisations, Indian Fedral Law Enforcement Agencies, Assam Rifles, etc. Serve at head of the departments in policy making in the Ministries and Departments of Central and State Governments and public sector undertakings both at centre and states, Government of India. To interact and coordinate closely with the members of other All India Services and Central Civil Services and also with the Indian Armed Forces. Last but not the least, to lead and command the force with courage, uprightness, dedication and a strong sense of service to the people. Endeavour to inculcate in the police forces under their command such values and norms as would help them serve the people better. Inculcate integrity of the highest order, sensitivity to aspirations of people in a fast-changing social and economic milieu, respect for human rights, broad liberal perspective of law and justice and high standard of professionalism.
Armored vehicles and personnel of the Mumbai Police Force.
Greater Chennai Police patrol car.
Much before the Independence, superior police officers belonging to the Imperial Police (IP) were appointed by the Secretary of State on the basis of competitive examination. The very first open civil service examination for the service was held in England in June, 1893 and the top ten candidates were appointed as probationers of the Indian (Imperial) Police. However, it is not possible to pinpoint a date on which it could positively be claimed that the Indian Police came into being. In around 1907, the Secretary of State’s officers were directed to wear the letters "IP" on their epaulettes to distinguish them from the other officers not recruited by the Secretary of State. In this sense, 1907 could be regarded as the starting point for the Indian Police.
Reforms ordered by the Supreme Court (1996-2006)
Prakash Singh, one of the former Director Generals of Police of the states of Assam and subsequently Uttar Pradesh and finally Director General of the Border Security Force, initiated a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in the Supreme Court of India, asking the court to investigate measures to reform the police forces across India to ensure the proper rule of law and improve security across India.
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the supreme court ordered the state governments to report to it why the reform measures outlined were not implemented. The state police is responsible for maintaining law and order in townships of the state and the rural areas. which will decide the selection. Examination and training To serve in the IPS one has to pass the Civil Services Examination or be elevated from the state cadre.Indian Police Service . Special or Additional grade pay of 12000 rupees Secretary (R) Cabinet Secretariat (GOI) 37400-67000 rupees plus Inspector General of Police. to prevent political interference in the police and also to make the police accountable for their heavy-handedness. It is controlled by the Chief Minister and Home Minister of the state/union territory. Designations & Pay scales IPS officers pay scales. Joint Secretary (R) Cabinet Secretariat (GOI) 37400-67000 rupees plus grade pay of 8900 rupees 15600-39100 rupees plus grade Pay of 8700 rupees 15600-39100 rupees plus grade pay of 7600 rupees 15600-39100 rupees plus grade pay of 6600 rupees Deputy Inspector General of Police. but with indifferent success due to a cumbrous buraeucracy.org/wiki/Indian_Police_Service Several measures were identified as necessary to professionalize the police in India: A mid or high ranking police officer must not be transferred more frequently than every two years. There is one cadre in each Indian state. Senior Field Officer (R) Cabinet Secretariat (GOI) Assistant Commissioner 15600-39100 rupees plus of Police grade pay of 5400 rupees Ranks and insignia Main article: List of police ranks in India Ranks of the IPS 2 of 5 12/08/2010 12:46 . Additional Director (GOI). This training when completed will make the Tamil Nadu Police one of the most advanced police forces in India. After being questioned in front of the judges of the Supreme Court of India. Taking the Civil Services Examination. Deputy Secretary (R) Cabinet Secretariat (GOI) Superintendent of Police. there is an objective type examination called the Preliminary examination.000 rupees (GOI). due to a lack of action by all the state governments in India. Circle Officer. Three new authorities will be created in each state. Commissioner of Police (City). City Police Services on the other hand are known for their one lesson fits all attitude. On clearing this candidate would be allowed to write mains. the state governments are finally starting to reform the police forces and give them the operational independence they need for fearless and proper law enforcement. Director General (GOI). Each state and union territory of India has a state police force. as well as various other Group A and Group B services under the Central Government. and an interview is the only way to get in to IPS as with many other civil service bodies. States such as Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra have taken steps to get their police force trained by advanced police training schools notably the Atlanta City Police of the USA. according to the Sixth Central Pay Commission: Position In The State Government(s) Equivalent Position or Designation In the State Government(s) or Government Of India (GOI) Director General of Police. which consists of nine papers. Director grade pay of 10. every year. which will include the creation of: A State Security Commission for policies and direction A Police Establishment Board.wikipedia. Essay and compulsory language paper and English paper. except for three joint cadres: Assam-Meghalaya. and Arunachal Pradesh-Goa-Mizoram-Union Territories (AGMUT). This is a qualifying examination and only the candidates who clear this can appear for the next stage called the Main examination. The advanced training that the Tamil Nadu Police undergo vary from fraud investigation to advanced patrol training. Director (GOI). This Civil Services Examination is administered by the Union Public Service Commission once a year. candidates are allocated to their Cadres. Preliminary examination consists of General Studies & Optional 1. National Police Memorial New Delhi After being selected for the IPS. which is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission. Delhi Police Highway Patrol near Gurgaon. headed by the Commissioner of Police (State) or Director General of Police (DGP). the free encyclopedia http://en. to inquire into allegations of police misconduct. In 2006. Manipur-Tripura. Director (R) Cabinet Secretariat (GOI) Senior Superintendent of Police.Wikipedia. Special or Additional Director (GOI). Commissioner of Police (City). In the Main examination each candidate has to select two optional subjects. Secretary (R) Cabinet Secretariat (GOI) Grade Pay Band 80000 rupees (fixed) plus grade pay-Nil Above Super Time Scale Commissioner of Police (Apex Scale) (State) Above Super Time Scale Special Commissioner (Pay-Band-4) of Police Super Time Scale (Pay-Band-4) Super Time Scale(PayBand-4) Senior Scale(PayBand-4) Junior Administration Grade(Pay-Band-3) Senior Time Scale (Pay-Band-3) Junior Scale(PayBand-3) Joint Commissioner of Police Additional Commissioner of Police Deputy Commissioner of Police Deputy Commissioner of Police Additional Deputy Commissioner of Police Additional Director General of Police. The state government cannot ask the police force to hire someone. promotions and transfers of police officers and other staff A Police Complaints Authority. The Indian Police Forces have been trying to secure better training and capabilities for their personnel. Under Secretary (R) Cabinet Secretariat (GOI) Additional Superintendent of Police Deputy Superintendent of Police. Commissioner of Police 37400-67000 rupees plus (City). This examination is a common examination conducted for selection to the other one of the other All India Services. apart from which all candidates have to take a General Studies. The Tamil Nadu state police is at the forefront of advancement with the Tamil Nadu Police Academy. At stage one. a main exam. which now seeks university status. nor can they choose the Chief Commissioner. a three-stage competitive selection process consisting of a preliminary exam. There must be separate departments and staff for investigation and patrolling.
Paramilitary forces of India (Government of India) Secretar(ies) (R). Indian Intelligence agencies (Government of India) Directors or Inspector-Generals. Indian Intelligence agencies (Government of India) Directors or Deputy Inspector-Generals. (Government of India) Peaked Cap worn by Indian Police Service (IPS) officers National Emblem above three Stars in a triangle (same insignia as a Brigadier in the Indian Army) Additional Commissioners of Police or Deputy Inspector Generals of Police. Indian Intelligence agencies (Government of India) Director Generals. (Government of India) Special Commissioners of Police or Additional Director Generals of Police. States and territories of India Special or Additional Director Generals. Indian Federal law enforcement agencies (Government of India) Directors or Inspector-Generals. the free encyclopedia http://en.org/wiki/Indian_Police_Service Gazetted officers include all the Indian Police Service officers and all State Police Services officers of and above the rank of Assistant Commissioner of Police (ACP) or Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP) in State Police and Metropolitan Police forces respectively. Cabinet Secretariat. Indian Federal law enforcement agencies (Government of India) Directors or Deputy Inspector-Generals. Cabinet Secretariat. States and territories of India Director Generals. Indian Intelligence agencies (Government of India) Special or Additional Director Generals.Wikipedia.Indian Police Service .wikipedia. (Government of India) Commandant of Battalion Other officer on Junior Administrative Grade with between 9 and 13 years service National Emblem (same insignia as a Major in the Indian Army) Additional Deputy Commissioner of Police or Additional Superintendent of Police Other officers on senior time scale with 9 years service or less Three Stars (same insignia as a Captain in the Indian Army) Assistant Commissioner of Police or Deputy Superintendent of Police Circle Officer (CO) in the states of Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh Sub-Divisional Police Officer (SDPO) Two Stars (same insignia as a Lieutenant in the Indian Army) Assistant Superintendent of Police Indian Police Service officer probationary rank with 2 years of service One Star (same insignia as a Second Lieutenant[note 1] in the Indian Army) Assistant Superintendent of Police Indian Police Service officer probationary rank with 1 year of service Insignia of the IPS The Indian Police Service (IPS) uses military insignia on its shoulder flashes. (Government of India) Other officers above selection grade National Emblem above one Star (same insignia as a Lieutenant-Colonel in the Indian Army) Deputy Commissioner of Police or Superintendent of Police Under Secretary(ies) (R). Cabinet Secretariat (Government of India) One Star above Crossed Sword and Baton (same insignia as a Major-General in the Indian Army) Joint Joint Joint Joint Joint Commissioners of Police or Inspector-Generals of Police. Cabinet Secretariat. Cabinet Secretariat. Indian Federal law enforcement agencies (Government of India) Director Generals. States and territories of India Directors or Deputy Inspector-Generals. (Government of India) National Emblem above two Stars (same insignia as a Colonel in the Indian Army) Deputy Commissioner of Police (Selection grade) or Senior Superintendent of Police in selection grade with 13+ years of service (IPS officers posted in insurgency infested states such as J&K also wear this rank before 13 years of service to facilitate coordination and interaction with Commanding Officers of paramilitary and the Indian Army) Deputy Secretary(ies) (R). Paramilitary forces of India (Government of India) Secretary(ies) (R). Indian Federal law enforcement agencies (Government of India) Special or Additional Director Generals. Intelligence Bureau (Government of India) National Emblem above Crossed Sword and Baton (same insignia as a Lieutenant-General in the Indian Army) Commissioners of Police (State) or Director Generals of Police. Cabinet Secretariat. Paramilitary forces of India (Government of India) Special or Additional Secretar(ies) (R). 3 of 5 12/08/2010 12:46 . similar to United Kingdom police forces. States and territories of India Directors or Inspector-Generals. Paramilitary forces of India (Government of India) Director(s) (R). National Emblem above One star above Crossed Sword and Baton (not same insignia as a General in the Indian Army) Director.
the free encyclopedia http://en. 4 of 5 12/08/2010 12:46 .CP/ADGP (not shown above).CP/DIG.Indian Police Service .org/wiki/Indian_Police_Service Indian Police Service Officer Rank Insignia Insignia Rank Director of Intelligence Bureau (GOI)¹ Abbreviation DIB Additional Additional Assistant Assistant Deputy Joint Commissioner Assistant Deputy Deputy Commissioner Commissioner Superintendent Superintenden Commissioner Commissioner of Police Commissioner Commissioner of Police or of Police of Police or of Police or of Police or (State) or of Police of Police or of Police or Deputy (Probationary (Probationary Deputy Senior Inspector Director Additional Superintendent Inspector Superintendent Rank: 2 years Rank: 1 year o Superintendent General of General of Superintendent of Police General of of service) of Police of Police Police Police² of Police Police ADL.Wikipedia.SP ASP DIG ¹ Although DIB is a 4 star post and not a rank.wikipedia. JCP/IGP and CP/DGP. where the latter is called Commissioner of Police (State) and the former ones Commissioner of Police (City).DCP or ADL.SP DCP or SSP DCP or SP CP or DGP JCP or IGP ASST. Note: Commissioner of Police designation can only be used by ADL.CP or ACP or DSP ASST. it's given to the senior most IPS officer in Intelligence Bureau. ² Rank insignia of CP/DGP is similar to Spl.
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