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Section M - Interpretations No.

30 IX-89-100R,IX-92-01

Interpretation: IX-89-100R

Subject:
Section E,QW-202.2
and
QW-451

DateIssued January 2, 1991

BC90-663 File:

Question: A procedure qualification in a test coupon of 1V2in. thickness has been qualifiedto
the requirements of QW-202.2(a) with the exception of notch toughness. A second Procedure Qual-
ification with identical essential and supplementary essential variables,
is tested for notch toughness
only, in a test coupon of 3/16 in. thickness. Do the above two Procedure Qualifications support a
WPS to weld b l e metal 3/16.in. to 8 in. in thickness and deposited weld metaltoup8 in. in thickness
where notch toughness is required?

Reply: Yes.

Interpretation: IX-92-01

Subject:
Section E,QW-306 and QW-405.4,
Combination of Welding
Processes,
and
Change in Vertical Welding

Date Issued:October 7, 1991


BC90-501 File:

Question (1): Whena procedure is qualified in the vertical position usingthe GTAW machine
welding process, is a change in the direction of travel from uphill to downhill (or vice versa) an
essential variable?

Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): Are the essential variables listed in QW-360 for welding operator performance
qualifications using machine welding equipment applicable to welding operators who are being
qualified to deposit hard-facing weld metal overlays using the gas tungsten arc-machine welding
process?

Reply (2): Yes.

NOTE: The answers to your questions are based on the 1991 Addenda.

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IX-92-02,JX-92-03 Section IX - Interpretations No. 30

Interpretation: IX-92-02

Subject:Section IX, QW-382;Hard-FacingWeldMetalOverlay(WearResistant)

Date Issued:October 7,1991

BC90-518 File:

Question: Is welding positionan essential variable for welding


operators who are being qualified
to deposit hard-facing weld overlays using the gas tungsten arc-machine welding process?

Reply: Yes.

NOTE:The answer to your question is based on the 1991 Addenda.

Interpretation: I)<-92-03

Subject:
Section IX,QW-216; Hard-Facing
Overlay

Date Issued: October 7,1991

File: BOO-523

Question (1): Must more thanthe two faces of hard-facing exposedby sectioning be examined
in accordance with QW-216.2 whenthe welding is done in the 5G or 6G position?

Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): If more than two faces of the hard-facing exposed by sectioning per QW-216.1
are required to be examined, from what location around the test coupon must theybe removed?

Reply (2): See QW-462.5.

Question (3): Must the hard-facing overlay be liquid penetrant examined after surface condi-
tioning the overlay to the minimum thickness specified inthe WPS per QW-216.1?

Reply (3): Yes. See QW-453.

NOTE: The answers to your questions are based on the 1991 Addenda.

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Section IX - InterpretationsNo.30 Ix-92-04,Ix-92-05

Interpretation: IX-92-04

Subject:SectionIX,QW-382;Hard-FacingWeldMetalOverlay(WearResistant)

DateIssued October 7, 1991

BC90-530 File:

Question (1): When qualifying welding operators in the 6G position on pipe for depositing
hard-facing weld metal overlay, the
is minimum required lengthof the weld deposit 360 deg.around
the plate?

Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): When qualifying welding operators in the 6G position on pipe for depositing
hard-facing weld metal overlay, isthe minimum deposit required the lesser of 1 in. or the deposit
width specified on the WPS?

Reply (2): Yes.

NOTE: The answers to your questions are based on the 1991 Addenda.

Interpretation: IX-92-05

Subject:SectionIX,QW-453and QW-462.5; QualificationThicknessandTestSpecimens


for Hard-Facing Overlay and Corrosion-Resistant Overlay
a
Date Issued October 7, 1991

BC90-632 File:

Question (1): When a chemical analysisis done on hard-facing welded inthe 5G or 6G position,
must the analysis be taken from more than one location?

Reply (1): Yes. See QW-453

Question (2): Must more than the two faces of hard-facing exposedby sectioning be examined
in accordance with QW-216.1 whenthe welding is done in the 5G or 6G position?

Reply (2): Yes. See QW-453 and QW-462.5

Question (3): Is more than one hardness reading required to be taken on hard-facingweld in
the 5G or 6G position per QW-216.1?

Reply (3): Yes. See QW-453.

NOTE:The answers to your questions are based on the 1991 Addenda.

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Ix-92-06, Ix-!mo7 Section IX - Interpretations No. 30

Interpretation: IX-92-06

Subject:
Section IX,QW-214; Corrosion-ResistantWeldMetalOverlay
Date Issued:October 7, 1991

BC91-054 File:

Question (1):If an overlay procedure is tested on 1in. thickplate, would the minimum nominal
base metal thickness qualified be 1 in.?

Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): If an overlayprocedure is tested on less than 1in. plate, is the minimum nominal
base metal thickness qualifiedthe thickness tested and the maximum thickness qualified unlimited?

Reply (2): Yes.

NOTE: The answers to your questions are based on the 1991 Addenda.

Interpretation: IX-92-07

Subject:
Section IX, QW-201;Welding ProcedureQualifications,Manufacturers or Con-
tractors Responsibility

Date Issued October 7,1991

BC91-156 File:

Question (1): If Company A reviews and approves Section IX qualified WSs submitted by
Companies B andC for a given project, may Company A use Company B andCs WPSs?

Reply (1): No.

Question (2): If Company A reviews and approves SectionDL qualified WPSs submitted Com-
panies B and C for a given project, may Company A authorize Company B to use Company Cs
WPSs on that project?

Reply (2): No.

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Section IX - Interpretations No. 30 M-92-08,M-92-09,M-92-10

Interpretation: IX-92-08

Subject:
Section IX, QW-422;
Classification of P-Numbers

Date Issued:October 7, 1991

BC91-257 File:

Question: SA-789S31803islistedinQW-422as P-No. 1OH Gr. 1. CanSA-240S31803 be


considered P-No. 10H Gr. 1 since it only differs in product form?

Reply: No.

Interpretation: I>(-92-09

Subject:
Section IX, QW-103.1;
Welding
Responsibility

Date Issued:October 7, 1991

BC91-260 File:

Question: May a contractor provide his qualified welding procedure specifications,for use by
his subcontractors, to perform welding in accordance with the requirements of ASME BPV Code
Section IX?

Reply: No.

Interpretation: IX-92-10

Subject:
Section
IX,
QW-160;
Guided-Bend
Test
Specimens

Date Issued:October7,1991

BC91-261 File:

Question (1): Does Section IX impose a specific temperature at which the specimen must be
during the bend test?

Reply (1): No.

Question (2): May the test temperature of the specimen be any temperature between ambient
and the maximum allowable temperature imposed by ASh4E Section 111 for that specific material?

Reply (2): No.

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M-92-12
M-92-11, Section IX - Interpretations No. 30

Interpretation: IX-92-11

Subject:Section IX,QW-180,QW-202.2, and QW-202.4;Groove andFilletWelds,Dissim-


ilar Base Metal Thicknesses

Date Issued October 7, 1991

File: BC91-263

Question (1): In qualifying a tube-to-tubesheetweld procedure for a partial penetration groove


weld, do paragraphs QW-202.2 and QW-202.4 apply?

Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): In qualifying a tube-to-tubesheet weld procedure


for a fillet weld,do paragraphs
QW-180 and QW-202.2 apply?

Reply (2): Yes.

Interpretation: IX-92-12

Subject:SectionIX,QW-322; ExpirationandRenewal of Qualifications of Welders

Date Issued:October 7, 1991


BC91-264 File:

Question: May a welder that has qualified on 2 in. and 6 in. diameter stainless steel pipe
maintain qualification by making one butt weld on 6 in. stainless steel pipe?

Reply: Yes.

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Section IX - Interpretations No, 30 M-92-13,E-92-14, M-92-15

Interpretation: IX-92-13

Subject:
Section IX, QW-195;
Liquid Penetrant Examination

DateIssued October 7,1991

BC91-278 File:

Question:Must the production weldoverlaysurfacebeexamined by the liquid penetrant


method in accordance with QW-195to qualify the WPS as required by QW-214.2 and QW-216.2(a)?

Reply: ASME Section IX does not specify productionweld requirements.

Interpretation: IX-92-14

Subject:
Section IX, QW-150;
Tension
Tests

Date Issued:October 7,1991

BC91-279 File:

Question: Does ASME Section IX specify any method of rounding off observed, or calculated
values, for tensile specimen test results?

Reply: No.

Interpretation: IX-92-15

Subject:Section IX, QW-303 and QW-461.9; PerformanceQualificationPositionand Di-


ameter Limitations

Date Issued:October 7,1991

BC91-293 File:

Question: IS a welder who has qualifiedon a 2 in. diameter coupon in the 5G position, and a
6 in. diameter coupon in the 2G position, qualified to weld 1 in. and larger dismeter pipe in any
position?

Reply: No.

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IX-9216,IX-92-17 Section IX - Interpretations No. 30
Interpretation: IX-92-16

Subject:Section IX,QW-103.1 and QW-200.2@); Manufacturers or ContractorsRespon-


sibility

Date Issued:October 7,1991

BC91-314 File:

Question: Does paragraph QW-103.1 allow a manufacturer or contractor to subcontract the


welding of procedure qualifications to a testing laboratory wherethe welder is an employee of the
subcontractor, and the manufacturer or contractor does not have a representativepresent to provide
full supervision and control during the qualification?
Reply: No.

Interpretation: IX-92-17

Subject:Section DL, QW-202 and QW-301; Procedure and Performance %eof Tests Re-
quired

Date Issued: October 7, 1991

File: BC91-315

Question (1): A PQR was generated in 1987 by qualifyinga WPS to QW-201.1 and QW-201.2
of Section IX of the ASME Code. May these documents be usedin ASME Code fabrication today?

Reply: Yes.

Question (2): In 1987, welders were qualifiedto the above WPS in accordance withQW-301.1
and QW-301.2of Section IX of the ASME Code. May these welders be used in ASME Code
fabrication today?

Reply: Yes.

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Section IX - Interpretations No. 30 IX-92-18,IX-92-19

Interpretation: I)<-92-18

Subject:Section IX, QW-423 and QW-442; Alternate BaseMaterials for WelderQualifi-


cation, A-Numbers

Date Issued:October 7, 1991

BC91-389 File:

Question (1): Is a welder, who has qualified using mild steel base material P-No.1 to P-No.1
using either the GMAW, GTAW, or PAW welding processes and filler metal F6/A1, qualified to
weld austenitic stainless steel P-No.8to P-No.~?

Reply (1): No.

Question (2): Is the A number an essential variable for a welder performance qualification
test?

Reply (2): No.

Interpretation: IX-92-19

Subject:Section IX, QW-151.1 and QW-451; Procedure QualificationThicknessLimitsand


Test Specimens

Date Issued:October 7, 1991

BC91-390 File:

Question: May two single full thickness specimens, taken from material greater than 1 in.
thickness, satisfy the tension test size and quantity requirementsof QW-451 and QW-151.1?

Reply: Yes.

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M-92-20, IX-92-21 Section IX - InterpretationsNo. 30
Interpretation: IX-92-20

Subject:
Section IX, QW-218;
Applied
Linings

DateIssued October 7,1991

BC91-396 File:

Question (1): In qualifying a WPS for attachment of applied linings in accordance with QW-
218, are bends and tensile tests required?

Reply (1): No.

Question (2): Giventhat the variables in QW-250 apply, the


is joint betweenthe applied linings
regarded as a groove weld?

Reply (2): No.

Interpretation: IX-92-21

Subject:
Section IX, QW-404.12;
Change in Filler
Metal

Date Issued:October 7,1991

File: BC91-397

Question: May existing WPSs using the SMAW process with E7018 electrodes which were
qualified at -50F utilizing the essential and supplementary essential variables
of QW-253 be revised
to specify E7018-1 classification without requalification?

Reply: Yes.

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Section IX - Interpretations No.30 M-92-23
IX-92-22,

Interpretation: I)<-92-22

Subject:SectionIX,QW-322;EkpirationandRenewalofWelderQualification

Date Issued October 7, 1991

BC91-425 File:

Question (1): Does a welderwho is qualifiedfor a given process for both groove and corrosion-
resistant weld metal overlay maintain his qualification for groove welding if, for more than six
months, the welder only does corrosion-resistant weld metal overlay welding?

Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): Does the non-Code weldingwork need to be examined by NDE to maintain the
welder's qualification?

Reply (2): No.

Question (3): May a welder maintain his qualification by welding on temporary attachments
without any NDE?

Reply (3): Yes.

Interpretation: IX-92-23

Subject:
Section IX, QW-301; Performance
Tests

Date Issued:December 20, 1991

BC90-494 File:

Question: In accordance with QW-301, may welders and welding operators, simultaneously
qualified by more than one contractor, maintain qualifications with each participating
contractor by
maintaining qualification with any participatingcontractor?

Reply: Yes.

NOTE: The answers to your questions are based on the 1991 Addenda to Section IX.

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IX-92-24,IX-92-25 Section IX - Interpretations No. 30

Interpretation: IX-92-24

Subject:Section IX,QW-183andQW-184;MacroExamination - ProcedureandPerform-


ance

DateIssued December 20,1991

BC91-280 File:

Background A tube-to-tubesheet weld is made with an automatic process with no filler metal.
The tube is completely throughthe tubesheet and flush withthe outside of the tubesheet. The weld
is considered a seal weld and not a pressure retaining weld.

Question (1): Do procedure and performance qualifications for the seal weld require exami-
nation in accordance with QW-183 and QW-184, respectively?

Reply (1): SectionIX does not specifically address qualification of seal welds
or welderhvelding
operators making seal welds.

Question (2): Is a seal weld a fillet weld?

Reply (2): The type of weldrequired fora seal weld is specifiedby other Sections of the Boiler
and Pressure Vessel Code.

Question (3): If other Sections of the BPV Code specify the seal weld to be either a full
IX require the procedure
penetration weld, a partial penetration weld,or a fillet weld, does Section
to be qualified in accordance with.QW-202.2(a), (b), or (c), respectively, and the welderhvelding
operator qualified in accordance with QW-300?

Reply (3): Yes.

Interpretation: IX-92-25

Subject:Section IX, QW-ZOO.2@) and QW-300.2; Manufacturer'sand contractor's Respon-


sibility

Date Issued December 20,1991

BC91-415 File:

Question (1): Accordingto QW-200.2(b), may a manufacturer or contractor provide guidelines


for a procedure qualification, and a WPS, and a welder to a test lab, then audit on random basis
and cerhfy the procedure?

Reply (1): No.

Question (2): According to QW-300.2, may a manufacturer or contractor provide acceptance


and rejection criteria, a WPS, and a welder performance for a qualification test to a test lab then
audit on a random basis and accept responsibility for the performance qualification test?

Reply (2): No.

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Section IX - Interpretations No. 30 IX-92-26, IX-92-27, IX-92-28

Interpretation: IX-92-26

Subject:
Section E,QW-306;Combination of WeldingProcess
Date Issued December 20,1991

File: BC91-470

Question: When a welder has been qualified using a single welding process and later takes a
test using a combination of welding processes, which includesthe previously qualified process, and
does not pass, doesthis affect the earlier qualification?

Reply: No.

Interpretation: IX-92-27

Subject:Section 11, Part C, SFA 5.4 - Table 4


Date Issued:December 20,1991

File: BC91-471

Question: Should the footnotes a, b, and c of Table 4 read as follows:


a) See Section 10 and 14.2
b) See Section 11.1 and 14.3
c) See Section 11.2 and Figs. 1 and 3?

Reply: Yes.

Interpretation: IX-92-28

Subject:
Section IX, QW-281.2(f); Corrosion-Resistant
Weld
Metal
Overlay - Essential
Variables

Date Issued:December 20,1991

File: BC91-472

Question: May a corrosion-resistantweld metal overlay procedure qualification test joint2 in.
in thickness that was postweld heat treated (PWHT) for 2 hr (1 hr per in.) qualify a PWHT of a 5
in. thick material for 5 hr (1 hr per in.)?

Reply: No.

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Section IX - Interpretations No. 31 IX-92-29,IX-9230

Interpretation: IX-92-29

Subject:SectionIX, QW-151.3 and QW-462.1, TensionTests and Test Specimens

Date Issued February 28, 1992

File: BC91-473

Question (1): For plate coupon, welded by one process and procedure, may either reduced-
section specimens conformingto the requirements given in QW-462.l(a) or turned specimens con-
forming to the requirements given in QW-462.l(d) be used for tension test specimens?

Reply (1):Yes.

Question (2): For a 2 in. plate test coupon welded with one process and procedure, may two
turned 0.505 tensile specimens conformingto QW-462.l(d) be used for each tension test?

Reply (2): Yes.

Question (3): In performing tension tests on a 2 in. test coupon welded withone process and
procedure using turned specimens conformingto QW-462.l(d) and .spaced in accordancewith QW-
151.3(b), is it acceptableif portions of weld deposit are not included in the tension tests?

Reply (3): Yes.

Interpretation: IX-92-30

Subject:
Section
IX,
QW-200.1, General Welding
Procedure
Qualifications

Date Issued:February 28, 1992

BC91-587 File:

Question: Does QW-2OO.l(c) require that there be a history of changes such as margin notes
or other record documenting what specific changes were made in the essential, nonessential, or
supplemental variables each time aWPS is revised?

Reply: No.

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E-92-31,E-92-33E-92-33 Section IX - Interpretations No. 31

Interpretation: IX-92-31

Subject:
Section IX, QW-310,
Qualification of Test
Coupons

DateIssued February28,1992

BC91-613 File:

Question: May a welder repair the root pass from the root side of a Welder Performance test
coupon and be qualifiedto weld without backing?

Reply: No.

Interpretation: IX-92-32

Subject:Section IX,QW-351, GeneralWeldingVariablesforWelders


Date Issued:February 28, 1992

BC91-631 File:

is it necessary
Question: When usinga single test couponfor welder performance qualifications,
to determine the deposited weld metal' thickness for each process
the welder usesto weld the single
, testcoupon?

Reply: Yes.

Interpretation: IX-92-33

Subject:
Section 1% QW-407.4,
Postweld Heat Treatment

Date Issued February28,1992

BC91-614 Fide:

'Question: Can a PQR conducted ona 2 in. thick base metal with notch toughnessrequired and
PWHT above the upper transformation temperature bei.used to support a WPS on a '/z in. thick
base metal with all other essential variables, including nirtch toughness, unchanged?

Reply: No.

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section IX - Interpretations No. 31 rx42-34,rx-92-35

Interpretation: IX-92-34

Subject:Section IX, QW-451,Groove-Weld ProcedureQualificationThickness Limits and


Test Specimens

Date Issued February28,1992

BC91-586 File:

Question (1): Tables QW-451.1 and QW-451.2 state limits for base metal and deposited weld
metal thickness.Where QW-250 lists variables applicableto thickness, do these variables supersede
the limits of QW-451.1 and QW-451.2?

Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): Tables QW-451.1.and QW-451.2 do not give a minimum deposited weld metal
thickness. When the variable QW-403.6 states a minimum base metal thickness, does this minimum
also apply to deposited weld metal?

Reply (2): No.

Interpretation: IX-92-35

Subject:Section IX, QW-452.1, TransverseBendTestforPerformanceQualification Thick-


ness Limits and Test Specimens

Date Issued:February28,1992

BC91-277 File:

Question: Even though QW-484 does not provide space for documenting conformance of the
test coupon groove with the requirements of QW-452.1, Notes 8 or 9, does a signed ;Record of
Welder/Welding Operator Performance Qualification form indicate that these requirements have
been met?

Reply: Yes.

Note: However, at the present moment, QW-484 is under consideration for possible revision.

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Ix-!n-36, Ix-92-37 section IX - Interpretations No. 31

Interpretation: I)<-92-36

Subject:Section IX,QW-452.1, TransverseBendTestfor Perfodance QualificationThick-


ness Limits and Test Specimens

Date Issued: February28,1992

BC91-616 File:

Interpretation IX-83-90 states:

Question (1): Can a double-beveled plate, 1 in. thick with each beveled groove being % in.,
be welded by a welder qualifiedto weld a weld metal deposit of 0.864 in.?

Reply (1): No.

Question (2): Can the same joint as above be welded by two individual welders, each with a
deposited weld metal qualificationof 0.864 in., provided each welder does not exceed0.864 in.?

Reply (2): Yes.

- Question: Can a double-beveled plate, 1% in. thick with each beveled groove being V, bein.,
welded by two individual welders, one on &ch side of.the plate and each with a deposited weld
metal qualification of 0.864 in., provided each welder does not exceed 0.864 in.?

Reply: Yes.

Interpretation: I)<-92-37

Subject:Section IX,QW-151 and QW-451,Tension TestSpecimensandGroove-Weld Pro-


cedure Qualification ThicknessLimits and Test Specimens

Date Issued February28,1992

File: BC92W

Question (1): Do paragraphs QW-151.1, QW-151.2, QW-151.3, and QW-151.4 define the num-
ber of tension test specimens. required for each tension test as specified in QW-451.1 and QW-
451.21

Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): Do Tabies QW-451.1 and QW451.2 specify the minimum required number of
tension and guided bend tests needed for various groove welded coupons, regardless of diameter
when pipe or tube used?, i s

Reply (2): Yes.

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Section IX - Interpretations No. 31

Interpretation: IX-92-38

Subject:
Section
IX,
QW-200, General Weldihg Procedure
Qualifications

Date Issued: May 28,1992

BC91-630 File:

Background: A welder was monitored while performing production welding andwas found to
be welding abovethe amperage range listed onthe WPS for a specific electrode diameter(SMAW
process).

. Question: Does SectionDL require the WPS to be amended or requalified, as applicable, when
as welding aboveor below the established amperageor voltage range
a variable is not followed such
listed on the WPS?

Reply: The disposition of nonconformances is notwithii the scope of Section IX.

Interpretation: I>(-92-39

Subject:
Section
IX,
QW-300.3,
S&ultaneous
Qualification of Welders

DateIssued May 28,1992

File: BC92-121
Background Three contractors desireto use the same WPS and simultaneously qualify welders
in accordance withQW-300. Each contractor hasa pre-existing PQR coveringthe scope of the WPS.
Each contractors name and corresponding PQR dumber is entered on the WPS and separate
signature blocks are provided for each contractor. This method of weld procedure and welder
performance qualification and operational controls is described
the QC
in system for each contractor.

Question (1): May the WPS described be used to simultaneously qua@ welders?

Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): May the WPS described be used for production welding
by all three contractors?

Reply (2): Yes.

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Ix-92-40,Ix-9241 Section IX - Interpretations No. 31

Interpretation: I)<-92-40

Subject:
Section- IX, QW-409.1,
Electrical
Characteristics

Date Issued: May .


28,1992

BC92-110 File:

Question (1): When notch toughness tests QW- 409.1(a)is chosen


are a requirement, and option
8s a means Of determining heat input, mustthe actual voltage, amperage, and travel speed used be
recorded on the PQR?

Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): When notch toughness tests are a r d e m e n t , and option QW-409.1 (b), bead
size, is chosen aasmeans of determining heatinput, mustithe actual bead width and height deposited
to ascertain Volume of Weld Metal deposited be recorded on the PQR?

Reply (2): Yes.

Question (3): May either of the above methods be substituted for the other, when writing a
WPS that has notch toughness requirements, by estimathg thevalues of the other method [Le.,
using option (a) (with estimated amps, volts, and travelspeed) when option (b) (actual Volume of
Weld Metal) was used when the test coupon was welded]?

Reply (3): No.

Question (4): When notch toughness tests are a reqpirement, and option QW-409.1 (b), bead
size, is chosen as a means of determining heat input, any electrode diameter be used as long
as the volume of deposited weld metal, which,is recorded onthe PQR, is not exceeded?

Reply (4): Yes.

Interpretation: IX-92-41

Subject:Section IX, QW-461.9, Performance Qwifications - PositionandDiameter Lim-


itations

Date Issued:May28,1992

BC92-035 File:

Question: Are welders qualifiedon plate in 2G,3G, and 4G positions qualifiedto weld onpipe
less than 24 in. OD in the 5G position?

Reply No.

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Section IX - Interpretations No. 32 IX-92-42, IX-92-43, IX-92-44

Interpretation: IX-92-42

Subject:
Section IX,QW-200.4(a),
Combination of Welding
Processes

Date Issued:September30,1992

BC92-011 File:

Question: May a single set of weld metal impact test specimens be usedto qualify two or more
processes or procedures?

Reply: Yes, provided weld metal from each process or procedure


is included in each specimen.

Interpretation: IX-92-43

Subject:
Section IX, QW-492,
Definition of Machine
Welding

DateIssued September 30, 1992

BC92-100 File:

Question: Is a GMAW spot welding process in which all variables are preset, except for place-
ment of the nozzle against the material and activation of the trigger by the operator, considered
machine welding?

Reply: Yes.

Interpretation: IX-92-44

Subject:
Section
IX,
QW-251.4
andQW-280,
Special
Processes

Date Issued:September 30, 1992

BC92-File: 168

Question (1): According to the 1990 Addenda of Section IX, are there anysupplementary
essential or nonessential variables required to be addressed ina WPS for the special processes
described in QW-280?

Reply (1): No.

Question (2): According to the 1991 Addenda of Section IX, are there any supplementary
essential or nonessential variables required to be addressed in a WPS for the special processes
described in QW-251.4?

Reply (2): No.

291

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rx-92-45,
IX-92-47
IX-92-46, IX Section - Interpretations No. 32

Interpretation: lX.92-45

Subject:
Section
IX,
QW-303.2
andQW-452.4,
Fillet
Welds

Date Issued:September 30,1992

BC92-238 File:

Question: When Section IX requires separate performance qualificationfor fillet weldson small
diameter pipe, doesthe same requirement applyto longitudinal fillet welds (suchas the attachment
of gussets in the longitudinal direction)?

Reply: No.

Interpretation: IX-92-46

Subject:SectionIX,QW-303.3 and QW-461.9,SpecialPositionsforPerformanceQualifi-


cation

Date Issued:September 30,1992

BC92-265 File:

to weld groove welds in a special orientation also qualified


Question: Is a welder who is qualified
to weld in the 1G position?

Reply: Yes.

Interpretation: IX-92-47

Subject:
Section
IX,
QW-322.2,
Renewal
of
Qualification

Date Issued:September 30, 1992

BC92-266 File:

Question: May the renewal of welder and welding operator performance qualificationbe done
on production work?

Reply: Yes.

292

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Section IX - Interpretations No. 32 IX-92-48, 1X-92-49, IX-92-50

Interpretation: IX-92-48

Subject:
Section
IX,
QW-466,
Test
Jigs

Date Issued:September 30, 1992

BC92-267 File:

Question: In determining the appropriate test jig-dimensionsof QW-466 to use for bend tests,
is it permissible to use the dimensions corresponding to P-No. 35 material when the filler metal is
a F-No. 36, even though the base material is other than a P-No. 35 material?

Reply: No.

Interpretation: IX-92-49

Subject:
Section IX, QW-466, Test
Jigs

Date Issued:September 30, 1992

BC92-268 File:

Question: In qualifying a welding procedure which utilizes a F-No. 36 filler of ER CuAI-AI


of a P-No.1carbon steel material, the
(SFA 5.7) for corrosion resistant weld metal overlay is required
mandrel diameter for side bend testing 4t a s determined from column A of QW-466.1, QW-466.2
or QW-466.3?

Reply: Yes.

Interpretation: IX-92-50

Subject:
Section IX, QW-403.6,
Base Metals

Date Issued:September30, 1992

BC92-217 File:

Question: If Heat Affected Zone (HAZ)notch toughness requirements are applicable, does
QW-403.6, base metal thickness requirements, apply?

Reply: Yes.

293

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IX-92-51,IX-92-52,IX-92-53 Section IX - Interpretations No. 32

Interpretation: IX-92-51

Subject:SectionIX,QW-451.3andQW-462.4,FilletWeldTestSpecimens-Procedure,and
QW-452.4, Performance Qualification Thickness Limits and Test Specimens

Date Issued:September 30,1992

BC92-276 File:

Question: If a welder performs a procedure qualification per QW-462.4(d) using N2P in.
S pipe
and passes, is he qualified for all diameters as outlined in QW-451.3?

Reply: No, per QW-452.4 he is qualified down to 1 in. O.D.

Interpretation: IX-92-52
Subject:SectionIX,QW-462.5,Corrosion-ResistantOverlay Claddinmard-Facing Overlay,
Chemical Analysis Specimen

' Date Issued:December 14, 1992

BC92-252 File:

Question: May only one chemical analysis specimen be removed fromthe vertical portion of a
6G positioned hard facing welded PQR coupon when the weld travel direction is reversed every
other weld pass resulting in weld beads deposited in vertical-upward and vertical-downward direc-
tion?

Reply: Yes, provided a chemical analysis represents each vertical travel direction.

Interpretation: IX-92-53

Subject:
Section
IX,
QW-452.1,
GrooveWeld Procedure
Qualifications
Thickness
Limits
and Test Specimens

Date Issued:December 14, 1992

File: BC92-254

Question: A welder has qualified on 3 in.O.D. '/z in. wall pipe in the 1G position. He has also
qualified on 1 Y4 in. O.D. Y8 in. wall pipe in the 6G position. Is he qualified to weld 1 Y4 in. O.D.
Y2 in, wall in all positions?

Reply: No.

294

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Section IX - Interpretations No. 32 IX-92-56
IX-92-55,
IX-92-54,

Interpretation: IX-92-54

Subject:
Section
IX,
QW-214.3,
Corrosion-Resistant Weld Metal
Overlay

Date Issued:December14,1992

BC92-305 File:

Question: Pri0r to the 1991 Addenda, did QW-214.3 address the number of chemical analysis
tests required for Corrosion Resistant Weld Metal Overlay utilizingthe GTAW Machine Welding
Process in the 5G or 6G position?

Reply: No.

Interpretation: IX-92-55

Subject:
Section IX, QW-103.2, Records

Date Issued:December14, 1992

BC92-307 File:

Question: Is it acceptable to satisfy the requirements of QW-103.2 for record maintenance,


certification, and accessibility by means of an electronic storage medium,e.g., computer database?

Reply: Section IX does not addressthe media in which records are required to be maintained.

Interpretation: I)<-92-56

Subject:
Section IX, QW-451.3, Fillet Weld Tests

Date Issued:December 14, 1992

BC92-308 File:

Question: A welder performs a fillet weld procedure qualification in accordance with QW-
451.3, which fails; therefore; neither the procedure nor the welder are qualified. Is it permissible
for the welder tothen perform a successful groove weld procedure qualification test and be qualified
for grooves and fillets?

Reply: Yes.

295

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IX-92-57,IX-92-58 Section IX - Interpretations No. 32
Interpretation: IX-92-57

Subject:
Section
1989
IX, Ecdition A91 Addenda, QW-253, QW-256, and QW-406.3, Maxi-
mum Interpass Temperature

Date Issued:December14,1992

File: BC92-354

Question: According to the 1991 Addenda of Section IX, is it permissible to revise a WPS by
increasing interpass temperature to more than 100F above that recorded on the supporting PQR
when supplementary essential variablesdo not apply without requalificzhion?

Reply: Yes.

Interpretation: IX-92-58

Subject:
Section
IX,
QW-364,
Friction
Welding

Date Issued:December14,1992

BC92-357 File:

Question: For performance qualification, is a friction weld operator required to requalify for
each seat size and base metal combinationto be qualified to operate the machine?

Reply: Yes.

296

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Licensed by Information Handling Services
Section IX - Interpretations No. 32

Errata

Section IX Interpretation IX-92-18 was misprinted in the Boiler and Pressure Vessel Interpretations Volume
30 and Voiume 31. The correct interpretation is printed below.

Interpretation: IX-92-18

Subject:SectionIX,QW-423andQW-422, Alternate BaseMaterialsforWelderQualifi-


cation, A-Numbers

Date Issued:October 7, 1991

File: BC91-389

Question (1): Is a welder, who has qualified using mild steel base material P-No. 1 to P-No. 1
using either GMAW, GTAW, or PAW welding processes and filler metal F6/A1, qualified to weld
austenitic stainless steel P-No.8 to P-No. 8?

Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): IS the A-number an essential variable for a welder performance qualification
test?

Reply (2): No.

297

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Section IX - Interpretations
33 No. E-92-59,E-92-60

Interpretation: IX-92-59

Subject:Section IX, QW-306,CombinationofWeldingProcesses,QW-452.1andQW-452.3,


Performance Qualification Thickness Limitsand Test Specimens

Date Issued:February 22, 1993

BC92-206 File:

Background: The combination of welding processes and pipe diameters listedbelow were used
for performance qualification:

(1) 2 in. Sch. 80 (218) pipe with open butt using GTAW process.
(2) 2 in. Sch. 160 (.343) pipe with consumable insert and fill pass using the GTAW process andthe
remainder welded with SMAW process.
(3) 6 in. XXS (364) using SMAW process with backing.

Question: Using the combinations listed in the Background, in accordance with QW-306, Note '

2 of QW-452.1 to determine maximum thickness qualified, and QW-452.3 for minimum diameter
qualification, is the welder qualifiedto weld on unlimited thicknessand diameters above 1 in., using
either an open butt joint or a consumable insert with the root layer deposited with the GTAW
process and the remainder deposited with the SMAW process?

Reply: Yes.

Interpretation: IX-92-60

Subject:
Section IX, QW-214,
Corrosion-Resistant
Weld
Metal
Overlay

Date Issued:February 22,1993

File: BC92-421

Question: When corrosion-resistant weld metal overlay is deposited ina base material groove
to a depth that is not included in the design calculations must the deposit be tested as a groove
weld?

Reply: No.

303

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JX-92-62,
M-92-61,
M-92-63 Section IX - Interpretations No. 33

Interpretation: IX-92-61

Subject:Section 11, Part C, SFA 5.13,Specification for SolidSurfacingWeldingRodsand


Electrodes

Date Issued: February 22, 1993

File: BC92-422

Question: May powdered filler metal be classified under Section 11, Part C, SFA 5.13?

Reply: No.

Interpretation: !X-92-62

Subject:
Section IX, QW-408.2,
Shielding Gas
Date Issued:February 22,1993

BC92-425 File:

Question (1): When changing shielding gases of a specific mixture, is it permissible to adjust
the nominal percentage(s) of the minor component(s) by +/- 20% without requalifying the pro-
cedure?

Reply (1): No.

Question (2): In addition, when the absolute valueof +/- 20% times the nominal percentage
of a minor component is less than 1%, would it be permissible to make a +/- 1% adjustment to
the gas mixture?

Reply (2): No.

Interpretation: IX-92-63

Subject:
Section IX, QW-153.1, Tensile Strength

Date Issued:February 22,1993

BC92-452 File:

Question: A welding procedure qualification test coupon is welded using P-No. 23, SB-209,
alloy 6061 aluminum base material in the ("0")temper. After welding the test coupon, itis subjected
to a "T-6" heat treatment. To establish acceptability of tensile tests per QW-153.1, may the tensile
requirements of QW-422 for SB-209, alloy 6061 (T4 and T6 tempers in the welded condition) be
used?

Reply: No.

304

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Section IX - Interpretations No. 33 M-92-64, M-92-65, IX-92-66

Interpretation: IX-92-64

Subject:
Section
IX,
QW-322,
Expiration
and
Renewal of Qualification

Date Issued: May26,1993

BC92-464 File:

Background: A welding operator is in the process of renewing hisher qualification using ma-
chine GTAW welding equipment. Duringthe process the machine malfunctions and burns through
the root pass of the test coupon. No operator error is noted. Following the malfunction, the test
coupon is repaired using a manual GTAW process. After the repair the machine welding equipment
is used to complete the rest of the test coupon.

Question: May a welding operator performance test coupon being welded for qualification or
renewal be repaired prior to testing using a manual welding procedure?

Reply: No.

Intepretation: IX-92-65

Subject:SectionIX,QW-423.1, Alternate BaseMetals for WelderQualification

Date Issued: May 26, 1993

BC93-148 File:

Question: In QW-423.1, is P-No. 42 included in P-No. 4X?

Reply: Yes.

Interpretation: IX-92-66

Subject:
Section IX, QW-201, Manufacturers
or
Contractors
Responsibility

Date Issued: May


26,
1993

BC93-377 File:

Background: Company A and Company B merge divisions to form a new Company, C.

Question (1):May the new Company,C, use PQRs and WPSs developed previouslyby Company
A and Company B?

Reply (1): Yes, provided operational control is in accordance with QW-201.

Question (2): May the new Company, C, use the central materials laboratoq of Company A to
develop WPSs and PQRs?

Reply (2): Yes, provided operational control is in accordance with QW-201.


305

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IX-92-67,
IX-92-68,
IX-92-69 Section IX - Interpretations No. 33

Interpretation: IX-92-67

Subject:
Section IX, QW-201,
Manufacturers or Contractors
Responsibility

Date Issued: May26,1993

C93-391 File:

Question: In a contract involving piping construction work, our company subcontracted the
piping prefabrication work to a subcontractor. This subcontractor is managed by our company but
has a different name. The subcontractor proceeded to qualify welding procedures which were con-
ducted in the presence and with the approval of our companys welding engineer who monitored
the welding of the test coupons and signed approval on the PQRs. The Quality Control System of
the subcontractorand our company fully describethe operational controlof procedure qualifications.
Was our client right in rejecting the use by our company of the subcontractor qualified welding
procedures for the erection work of the prefabricated piping?

Reply: This is a contractual issue, which ASME does not address.

interpretation: iX-92-68

Subject:
Section
IX,
QW-306,Combination
of
WeldingProcesses,
and
QW-451,Groove
Weld Procedure Qualification Thickness Limits and Test Specimens

Date Issued: June 30,1993

C92-011A File:

of test specimensto qualify two or more processesor procedures,


Question: In using a single set
does Section IX specify a minimum weld deposit thickness to be included in each test specimen
from each of the processes or procedures?

Reply: No.

Interpretation: I>(-92-69

Subject:
Section IX, QW-409.1,
Electrical
Characteristics

Date Issued: June 30,1993

BC92-011B,
File:
BC92-228,
BC92-353

Question: Is it the intent ofQW-409.1 that the heat input, to be recorded on the PQR, be
calculated based onthe parameters used atthe location wherethe impact specimens were removed?

Reply: Yes.

306

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Section IX - Interpretations No. 34 M-92-70

Interpretation: IX-92-70

Subject:
Section
IX,
QW-403.5,
Base
Metals

Date Issued:September 22,1993

BC92-450 File:

Question (1): When a procedure qualification with supplemental notch toughness requirement
is conducted with one P-Number material having multiple certifications in different
Group Numbers,
are WPSs qualified for all combinationsof the Group Numbers?

Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): In the above question, does one set of HAZ impact specimens, when required,
satisfy the requirements of Section IX?

Reply (2): Yes.

Question (3): When a procedure qualification with supplemental notch toughness requirements
is conducted with two materials of different P-Numbers each having multiple certifications in dif-
ferent Group Numbers, are WPSs qualified for all combination of the multiple certified Group
Numbers of the first P-Number materialto the multiple certifiedGroup Numbers of the second P-
Number material?

Reply (3): Yes.

Question (4): In the above question, does one set of HAZ impact specimens from each P-
Number material, when required, satisfythe requirements of Section IX?

Reply (4): Yes.

Question (5): In Question (3), are materials from the multiple certified Group Numbers qual-
ified for welding a P-Number material to itself?

Reply (5): No.

311

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IX-92-71,IX-92-72 Section IX - InterpretationsNo. 34

Interpretation: IX=92=71
Subject:
Section
IX,
QW-302.4,
Visual
Examination

Date Issued:Sepember 22, 1993

BC93-365 File:

Question: Are welders or welding operators qualified in accordance with Section IX prior to
the 1992 addenda, for which the results of visual examination required byQW-302.4 were not
documented on the WPQ, required to requalify in order that visual examination results may be
documented?

Reply: No.

Interpretation: I>(-92-72

Subject:
Section IX, QP1-381(c), Corrosion Resistant Weld Metal Overlay, QP1-453 and
QW-461.9, Performance Qualification

Date Issued: September 22, 1993

File: BC93-392

Question (1): May welder qualificationsfor corrosion-resistant overlays per QW-381 and QW-
453 be made on plate, when qualifying for welding on pipe/tubes parallel to the axis of the pipe/
tubes?

Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2)(a): Should the side bends required in QW-453 consist of the base metal plus
overlay thickness, after surface conditioningper Note 4 of QW-453?

Question (2)(b): When the overlay test specimens are less than '/8 in. thick, may the side bend
specimen width be the test specimen thickness?

Question (2)(c): May the edges of the overlay be outside of the bent area as long as at least a
1 '/z in. width of overlay and HAZ are completely within the bend?

Reply (2)(a): Yes.

Reply (2)(b): Yes.

Reply (2)(c): Yes.

Question (3): May QW-461.9 Groove-Pipe be used for the position essential variable rules for
welder qualificationson corrosion-resistant overlap?

Reply (3): Yes.

312

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Section IX - Interpretations No. 34 M-92-73,
M-92-74, IX-92-75

Interpretation: IX-92-73

Subject:Section IX, QW-321.3,WelderQualificationAfter Further TrainingorPractice

DateIssued:September 22,1993

BC93-468 File:

Background: A welder performance qualification test plate fails to meet the radiographic re-
quirements for qualification. After further training a new performance qualification test plate is
welded.

Question: May the new test plate be evaluated by bend testing?

Reply: Yes.

Interpretation: IX-92-74

Subject:
Section IX, QB-402.1,
Base
Metals

Date Issued:September 22,1993

BC93-474 File:

Question: When brazing material used for a procedure qualification test is not listed in QB-
422 or Appendix C, but is similar to P-No. 107 or S-No. 107 materials listed in QB-422or Appendix
C, may this material be considered as a P-No. 107 or S-No. 107 material in accordance with QB-
402.1?

Reply: No.

Interpretation: IX-92-75

Subject:
Section IX, QW-200.4@),
Combination
of
Welding
Procedures

DateIssued:September22,1993

BC93-490 File:

Question: When writing multi-process welding procedures per QW-200.4(a), where the tube
wall thickness is less than 1 in., using a separate qualification for the root deposit only, must the
root deposit qualification coupon be Y2 in. minimum thickness as stated in QW-200.4(b)?

Reply: No.

3 13

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IX-92-76,IX-92-77 Section IX - InterpretationsNo. 34
Interpretation: IX-92-76

Subject:
Section
IX,
QW-462,
Test
Specimens

Date Issued: September 22,1993

BC93-515 File:

Question:QW-462definesW as specimenwidth,in. Is in.aminimum or maximum


dimension requirement for preparing a reduced section tensile specimen?

Reply: No.

Interpretation: IX-92-77

Subject:Section IX, QW-200.4, Combination of Welding Procedures, and QW-451.4, Fillet


Welds Qualified by Groove Weld Tests

Date Issued: September 22,1993

BC93-518 File:

Background: A butt welding procedure qualification was completed on a pipe with E6010
electrode (F-No. 3) for the root pass and E7018 electrode (F-No. 4) for the remaining process.

Question (1):Will the above procedure qualification alone support a WPS to make a fillet weld
with E-7018 electrodes (F-No.4) for all the passes for all fillet sizes on all base metal thicknesses
when all the other essential variables under QW-253, SMAW process, are the same?

Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2):Will the above procedure qualification alonesupport a WPS to make a butt weld
with E-7018 electrodes (F-No. 4) for all the passes including the root pass within the limits of
qualification of QW-451.1 and within the limits of the essential variables under QW-253, SMAw
process?

Reply (2): Yes.

314

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Section IX - InterpretationsNo. 34 M-92-78, M-92-79

Interpretation: IX-92-78

Subject:
Section IX, QW-200.2(b),
Welding
Procedure
Qualifications

Date Issued:September 22,1993

BC93-561 File:

Question (1): May a company subcontract weld procedure development and qualification in-
cluding certificationof the PQR without a company representative present to witness the welding,
testing, and certification?

Reply (1): No.

Question (2): May a company subcontract weld procedure development and qualification in-
cluding certification of the PQR with a company representative present to witness the welding,
testing, and certification?

Reply (2): No.

Interpretation: I>(-92-79

Subject:Section IX - 1989 Edition,Addenda 91;QW-151.1,Tension Tests,ReducedSec-


tion-Plate, and QW-462.l(a), Test Specimens

Date Issued:September 22,1993

BC93-583 File:

Question (1): Is it permissible to reduce a plate test coupon thickness beyond removing the
reinforcement to allow for parallel surfaces?

Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): What percentage of the thickness is permissible to be removed for procedure
qualification?

Reply (2): The minimum necessaryto obtain parallel surfaces.

315

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IX-92-80,IX-92-81 section IX - Interpretations No. 34

Interpretation: IX-92-80

Subject:Section IX,QW-103,Responsibility,andQW-201,Manufacturers or Contractors


Responsibility

Date Issued: September 22, 1993

File: BC93-584

Question: When a company changes names during the course of time must all the histo]
documents such as PQRs and WPQs be revised to show this new
name?

the new company nameto the WPSs


Reply: No, provided there is documented traceability from
and PQRs qualified under the old company name.

Interpretation: IX-92-81

Subject:SectionIX,QW-103.1andQW-201,Manufacturers or ContractorsResponsibility.

Date Issued:October18, 1993

File: BC92-306

Question (1): According to Section IX, para. QW-201, is it permissible for a manufacturer or
contractor to have the welding of the test weldments performed by another organization?

Reply (1): No.

Question (2): According to para. QW-201, isit permissible to subcontract the work preparation
of test metal for welding and subsequent work preparation
on of test specimens fromthe completed
weldment, performanceof nondestructive examination, and mechanical test, provided that the man-
ufacturer or contractor acceptsthe responsibility for any such work?

Reply (2): Yes.

Question (3):If the manufacturer or contractor writesthe WPS and the welder usedto produce
weldments to be tested for qualification of procedures are under full supervision and control of a
representative of the manufacturer or contractor during the production of these test weldments,
may the welder be an employee of another organization?

Reply (3): No.

316

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Section IX - InterpretationsNo. 34 E-92-83
E-92-82,

Interpretation: I)<-92-82

Subject:SectionIX,CodeCase2141,ElectrodesandFluxesforSubmerged Arc Welding,


SFA 5.17 and SFA 5.23

Date Issued:November22,1993

BC93-434 File:

Question (1): Does the Manufacturers Data Report in the Section IX Code Case 2141 mean
the following: (a) ManufacturersData Report required in PG-112 of SC I; (b) Data Report required
in NCA-3770 of Section 111; (c) Data Report required in UG-120 of Section VIII, Div. 2; or (d)
Manufacturers Data Reports required in AS-300 of Section VIII, Div. 2?

Reply (1): A Manufacturers Data Report form is any data report form that is required in an
ASME Code Book.

Question (2): Is it required to described this Code Case number on procurement and/or man-
ufacturers specifications and certified materialtest report of welding consumables?

Reply (2): Section IX does not address procurementand manufacturers specifications.

Interpretation: IX-92-83

Subject:
Section
IX,
QB-415,
Brazing
Variables

Date Issued:November22,1993

BC93-527 File:

Question (1): Does ASME Section IX permit braze welding qualifications using the d e s Of
Part QW, Welding?

Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): May a fabricator qualify hard-facing using


the brazing variables listedin QB-415?

Reply (2): No.

317

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IX-92-84, E-92-85,
M-92-86 Section IX - InterpretationsNo. 34
Interpretation: IX-92-84

Subject:
Section
IX,
QW-407.2,
Postweld Heat Treatment

Date Issued:November22,1993

File: BC93-586

Background: A PQR was welded on a 2 in. thick P-No. 1, Gr. 2 material and post weld heat
treated at 1150F for six hours (3 hrshn.) with supplementary essential variable requirements.

Question: Will this PQR support a WPS for a production weld in 2 in. thick P-No. 1, Gr. 2
material that is PWHT at 1150F for 2 hours (lhr/in.)?

Reply: Yes.

Interpretation: IX-92-85

Subject:SectionIX,QB-121 and QB-123,


Brazing Test Positions

Date Issued:November22,1993

BC93-655 File:

Question: If the test material is oriented at 15 deg. above horizontal (i.e., 75 deg. down from
vertical) and the brazing filler metal flows upward by capillary action through the joint, would the
brazer then be qualified for both the flat-flow and vertical-upflow positions?

Reply: No.

Interpretation: IX-92-86

Subject:
Section IX, QW-100.3,
Welding General Requirements

Date Issued:November22,1993

BC93-658 File:

Question: May a hard-facing procedure qualification test that was performed in 1990 on a 1 in.
thick test coupon and is used to support a welding procedure specification written in 1993 be used
to deposit a hard-facing overlay on base material 1 in. to unlimited thickness?

Reply: Yes. QW-100.3 allows welding procedure specification (WPS) to be supported by pro-
cedure qualifications accomplished subsequentto 1962 without amending the WPS to include any
variables required by later Editions and Addenda.

318

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Section IX - Interpretations No. 35 M-92-87,IX-92-88

Interpretation: IX-92-87

Subject:Section IX,QW-403.6,Base Metalsand QW-409.1, ElectricalCharacteristics


Date Issued:February 14,1994

BC93-151 File:

Background: Two PQRs have been qualified to support a WPS with notch toughness require-
ments and having a qualified base metal thickness range from 5/,6 in. to 2 in. inclusive. One PQR
was qualified on 1 in. thick material with a maximum heat input of 85,000 J/in. The second was
heat input of 45,000 J/in. All other essential and
qualified on 5/16 in. thick material with a maximum
supplementary essential variablesare the same.

Question (1): Is this WPS qualified for using 85,000 J/in. ma.heat input on thicknesses 5/16 in.
to 2 in.?

Reply (1): No.

Question (2): Is the heat input value of 85,000 J/in. applicableto base metal thickness between
'/I6 in. to 2 in. and the heat input value of 45,000 J/in. applicable to base metal thicknesses between
in. and V 8 in.?

Reply (2): Yes.

Interpretation: IX-92-88

Subject:
Section IX, QW-409.1 and QW-409.8, Electrical
Characteristics

Date Issued:February14, 1994

BC93-593 File:

Question: Section E,QW-409.8 and QW-409.1, require that the volts and amps be specified
in the WPS. Does Section IX require voltage to be measured at a specific location in the welding
of meter (RMS, averaging or other type)?
circuit or the current to bemeasured using a specific type

Reply: No.

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M-92-8%M-92-91 Section IX - Interpretations No. 35
Interpretation:
IX-92-89

Subject:Section IX, QW-452.1,GrooveWeld ProcedureQualificationThicknessLimits and


Test Specimens and QW-452.3, Groove Weld Diameter Limits

Date Issued:February14, 1994

BC93-653 File:

Question: A welder has qualified on 3 in. O.D. VZ in. wall pipe in the 1G position and has also
qualified on 1in. O.D. V8 in. wall pipe in the 1G position.Is the welder qualifiedto weld 1 in. O.D.
/'B in. wall in the 1G position?

Reply: Yes.

Interpretation:
IX-92-90

Subject:Section IX, QW-461.9;PerformanceQualificationPosition and DiameterLimita-


tions

Date Issued:February 14,1994

BC93-753 File:

Question: A welder has passed two separate tests; one on '/B in. O.D. by 0.049 in. thick pipe
welded in the 6G position using GTAW process, and another on in. thick plate welded in the
1G position using GTAW process. Do these two tests in combination qualify the welder to weld
pipe of unlimited diameter in all positions upto 1 in. thick using GTAW?

Reply: No.

Interpretation:
I)<-92-91

Subject:
Section
IX,
QW-300, General Welding
Performance
Qualifications

Date Issued:
February 14,1994

BC93-755 File:

Question: Does SectionIX prohibit making editorial corrections


to welder and welding
operator
performance qualification 'records?

Reply: No.

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Section IX - Interpretations No.35 IX-92-92-IX-92-93

Interpretation: IX-92-92

Subject:
Section DL, QW-201, Manufacturers or ContractorsResponsibility,Clarification
Request to Interpretation DL-92-07 Date Issued Oct. 7, 1991, File BC91-156

Date Issued: May 20, 1994

BC93-678 File:

Question (1): Is the term Organization as stated in QW-201 and CompanyA in Interpre-
tation IX-92-07 one and the same?

Reply (1): No.

Background Two companies are contracted by a client company to undertake pipe work in-
stallation on its facility. AI stages of the Welding Procedure Qualification Processes for the two
contracted companiesare witnessed by the client companies representative and the documentation
duly stamped and signed as accepted by the client.

Question (2): May these procedures be used by the client company?

Reply (2): No.

Question (3): Does the client company haveto requalify these procedures in order to perform
in-house maintenanceat a later date using all the same essential and nonessential variables
with its
own qualified welders?

Reply (3): Yes.

Interpretation:
IX-92-93

Subject:Section DL, QB-402.1,Brazing Data andAppendixC - NonmandatoryS-Numbers


Date Issued: May20,1994

BC93-752 File:

Question (1): Doesthe brazing procedure qualificationtest with a base metal assigned one S -
Number, or S-Number plus Group-Number, qualify for all other base metals inthe same S-Number
grouping?

Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): Does the brazing procedure qualification test with dissimilar metals using one
metal listed in one S-Number to one specific metal not listed in one S or P-Number qualify forthe
brazing of all other base metals inthe same S-Numberto themselves and to the specific base metal
without S or P-Number?

Reply (2): Yes.

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M-92-94-IX-92-96 Section IX - Interpretations No. 35

Interpretation:
IX-92-94

Subject:
Section 11, Part SFA-5.8
C,

Date Issued: May 20, 1994

File: BC93-754

Question: May AWS Classification BAg-34 be considered SFA-5.8 filler metal even though it
does not appear in the 1992 ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section11, Part C (including
the 1992 Addenda)?

Reply: Yes.

Interpretation:
IX-92-95

Subject:
Section
IX,
QW-200, General Welding
Procedure
Qualifications

Date Issued: May20,1994

BC94-008 File:

Question: May a single WPS be qualified both with PWHT and without PWHT (two PQRs),
thereby allowing the WPS to be used with or without PWHT?

Reply: Yes.

Interpretation:
IX-92-96

Subject:
Section IX, QW-300, General Welding
Performance
Qualifications

Date Issued: May 20, 1994

BC94-102 File:

Background: A welder is qualified on a N P S 2 Sch. 40 pipe test coupon using GTAW 1.6 mm
deposited weld metal and SMAW 2.4 mm deposited weld metal.

Question (1): IS the SMAW portion of the performance qualification considered welding with
backing?

Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): Is the welder qualified to weldNPS 4 single welded groove weld without backing
using the SMAW process only?

Reply (2): No.

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Section IX - InterpretationsNo. 35 M-92-97-IX-92-99

Interpretation: I)<-92-97

Subject:
Section IX,QW-200.4(a),
Combination
of
Welding Procedures

Date Issued:May20,1994

File: BC94-167

Question: Accordingto QW-200.4(a), when a qualifiedWPS for a combination processis avail-


a WPS be generated if only one of the processes is to be usedin production, provided
able, must new
all requirements of Section IX for the process used are met?

Reply: No.

Interpretation: {X-92-98

Subject:
Section
IX,
Appendix C,Nonrnandatory
S-Numbers

Date Issued:May 20, 1994

BC94-236 File:

Question: May steel produced to ASTM A-108 Grade 1018, UNS G10180, be considered S-1
material?

Reply: Yes.

Interpretation: IX-92-99

Subject:SectionIX, QW-432.6, F-NumbersandSection 11, Part CySFA-5.29,1992Addenda

Date Issued: June 10,1994

BC93-762
File: and BC93-769

Question: May AWS 5.24 ER Zr4 be considered as an F-No. 61 filler metal?

Reply: Yes.

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