You are on page 1of 13 22 articles  Like 51 " id="pdf-obj-0-2" src="pdf-obj-0-2.jpg">

india/article9550685.ece

# Electrical Systems for Chemical and Mechanical Engineers

Published on Published onOctober 12, 2017

## Upstream Process Engineer, Chartered Chemical Engineer (M.E, CEng, MIChemE)

Like 51  Comment 5 4

## Asynchronous Induction Motor

### Asynchronous Induction motors are popular in process industries partly due to their simple design, ruggedness and low maintenance. ### copper coils is wound. Copper coils have high electrical conductivity and hence higher efficiency although sometimes aluminium is used because of its lightweight properties and is less expensive. Using these parameters, the synchronous speed of a motor (i.e., the speed at which the magnetic field rotates and acts on the rotor) is calculated as follows, ### ‘Torque’ which represents the turning effect of force.

An induction motor with a higher torque means higher capacity to overcome the inertia of a system and get it kick started from a state of rest.

### It must be remembered that a motor with higher number of poles are bulkier and are more expensive. Therefore a 2 pole or a 4 pole motor is preferred. Below is a table that summarizes the different synchronous speeds of a 3-phase, 50 Hz induction motor and what they imply. ## Induction Motor Characteristics

### choose a motor for a given application. Below is an image that depicts a speed vs. torque curves and what they represent. ## National Electrical Manufacturer’s Association (NEMA) ### organization that sets the standards for manufacturing of electrical equipment. In the case of electrical induction motors, NEMA sets 4 types of Torque vs Speed Characteristics namely, NEMA A, NEMA B, NEMA C and NEMA D. The characteristics of the different types of NEMA curves are explained below. ## What is the power requirement of the Air Compressor??

• ### 3. Calculate the power requirements by multiplying the polytropic head [Hp] by the mass flow followed by taking into account the polytropic efficiency and mechanical efficiency. ### The above steps are used in an MS-Excel Sheet and it is seen that the power required is about 92 kW (or ~124 HP). ### The torque and power are related by the basic equation as follows, ### Based on the horsepower calculation in the above case study, if a 3- Phase, 50Hz, 4 pole squirrel cage induction motor is selected the torque required to sustain the compressor at rated conditions of 6 bar(a) and 500 ACFM during running conditions of the air compressor at a full load speed of 1470 rpm would be about, ### The breakdown torque at 185% torque (ie., at 97% of full load speed) from the torque vs. Speed grpah in the previous section is calculated as, ## Selection of Induction Motor Capacity

The ideal case of selecting the induction motor is to ensure that the operating point of the electric motor is between 80% to 85% of the motor's full load torque (i.e., 100% Torque line).

### The breakdown torque at 200% for the selected 150 HP (~112 kW) motor (ie., at 97% of full load speed) is calculated as, 