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NITROGEN-FREE EXTRACT DIGESTIBILITY OF COMBINATION OF SILAGE

,
FORMULATED CONCENTRATE AND UREA MOLASSES MINERAL BLOCK
FED BY RAMBON

Gowri Mariappan1), Romziah Sidik2), Djoko Poetranto3),
1)
Student, 2) Department of Animal Husbandry, 3) Department of Clinic
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga

ABSTRACT

The aim of this research were to determine the digestibility value of nitrogen-
free extract of silage, formulated concentrate and urea molasses mineral block fed by
beef cattle. Experimental animals used in this study were 9 Rambon beef cattle. This
research was conducted by providing various combination of feed to experimental
animal. The experimental design used was the completely randomized design with
three treatments and seven replications as time of collection feces. P0 was control
treatment while P1 and P2 used as different feed combination. Result of research
showed that nitrogen-free extract value of feed by Rambon cattle there were
significantly differences (p<0.05). The best result of nitrogen-free extract was on P2 as
94.844% significantly different with P1 90.558% and the lowest result was 89.748%.
result of digestibility of nitrogen-free extract of combination feed by Rambon cattle
showed that there were any significantly difference (p<0.05). The best result of
digestible nitrogen-free extract was on P2 as 94.844% significantly different with P1
as 90.558 and P0 as 89.748.

Key words: silage, formulated concentrate, urea molasses mineral block
nitrogen-free extract digestibility, Rambon cattle

Introduction
Livestock is one of the producers 2006). Approximately about 70 %
of meat such as cattle that have high livestock production, especially growth
economic value and are important in and ability of reproduction influenced
the life of society (Sudarmono, 2008). by environmental factors. Among the
Cattle is one of the meat producer in environmental factors,diet had the most
Indonesia. However, meat production impact which is about 60 % (Siregar,
in the country has not been able to meet 2012).The low level productivity of
the needs for the population (Rosida, meat that produces livestock is caused

Formulated concentrate are digestibility is a way of determining the feeds with low in fiber but rich in digestibility of nutrients using Rambon energy (David. protein. as sugars and starches which produces The feed material is anything that energy (Romziah. 2015). relatively inexpensive and does not reproduction and also body care. Bali and Madura of feed ingredients will affect meat and cattle (Susilawati.. and vitamins (Parish et al. Digestibility of feed is the amount formulated feed and supplement feed of nutrients that contained in the feed (Sugeng. 2009).by maintenance management people Beef cattle need nutrients to who rely on low quality feed (Suharti. Rambon dairy products produced by ruminants cattle have high survivability. 2013). can be eaten and digested partially or Rambon cattle were suspected to completely without harm to the health be the result of a cross between three of livestock that consume. Silage is a combination that can be consumed reduced by the of two forages (David. The quality nations namely PO. In vivo al. Therefore. Urea molasses cattle with nutrient analysis of feed and mineral block is a supplement feed feces (Mulyawati.. Energy is needed for production. 2010). 2005). (Harinder. They can (Tillman et al. 2010). Beef cattle obtain higher profit if he can prepare need carbohydrates. forages. minerals. support body maintenance. 2010). 2005).. . compete with human need is one of the Nitrogen-free extract is part of the feed effort to reduce the cost of the feed material containing carbohydrates such (Istighfarin. reproduce with low quality and quantity Ruminant feedstuff can be of feed (Disnak. lactation. 2006). the farmers can growth and reproduction. cheap and quality ration (Setyono et al. 2006) that amount of nutrients contained in feces preserved in a fresh state (Setyono et (McDonald et al. classified into three groups. 2009). 2013). Alternative feed ingredients that 2009). 2004). fats. 2011)...

PT. extract in combination of silage. calculated to find out the feed Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. Research result data was formulated concentrate and urea analyzed by ANOVA and to analyze molasses mineral block showed that the mean differences among treatments treatment P2 had the highest (p<0. followed by P1 (90. Results from statistical analysis showed that the digestibility value of . same with P2 but with addition of urea Probolinggo City. consumption of each cattle. Sepuh formulated concentrate 1kg/head/day Gembol Village.558 %) digestibility value of Nitrogen-free and the lowest was P0 (89. cattle that has been randomized and Data obtained was analyzed divided into 3 groups. P1 group RESULT AND DISCUSSION Research results for the (94. Amount of Airlangga University. (ANOVA) based on Completely maintained at the same place and given Randomized Design (RAL) then different kind of feed for each continued with Duncan’s Multiple treatment. feces excreted by each cattle were also This research used 9 Rambon weighed every day. The proximate molasses mineral block 0. Wonomerto District.METHODS OF THE RESEARCH The research was conducted in was given silage 10-15kg/head/day. Range to know the mean difference Control group (P0) was given between the treatments 10-15kg/head/day of silage. Agro Great Indoberkah.844 %).1 kg/head/. analysis was conducted at the All feed given and rejected were Laboratory of Animal Nutrition. All of the using One Way Analysis of Variance Rambon were adapted for 7 days.748 %).05) Duncan’s Multiple Range test was nitrogen-free extract digestibility value used.

1. the results system.05) In this research. An increase Digestibility can be influenced in the quantity of feed consumed by an by the rate of feeding. formulated concentrate and urea Nitrogen-free extract digestibility and molasses mineral block had significant standard deviation could be seen in the differences (p<0.46 % nitrogen free-extract quality compared to silage only and the where the formulated concentrate has combination of silage and formulated 46.748a ± 3.2010). When the cattle consume more showed that feeding combination of feed. Silage only molasses mineral block is the best feed has 36. the rate of passage the rate of passage into digestive of feed through the digestive tract and .963 P2 94.nitrogen. consumed all three feeds which made structural carbohydrate) considered to the digestibility of nitrogen-free extract be highly digestible and a major of has the highest value. Mean and ± SD Nitrogen-Free Extract Digestibility of Different Kind of Feed by Rambon Cattle as follows: Treatment NFE digestibility value (%) ± SD P0 89. % nitrogen-free extract. source of energy for cattle.. combined effect animal generally causes an increase in of feed ingredients.74 extract digestibility. P2 cattle Nitrogen free extract (non.1 below: Table 4. it will receive more energy silage. formulated concentrate and urea (McDonald et al.free extract in combination of proximate analysis the mean of silage. According to table 4.558a ± 1.05).29 % of nitrogen-free extract and concentrate based on nitrogen-free urea molasses mineral block has 36.844b ± 1.333 a and b: Different superscripts in the same column indicate significant differences (p<0.921 P1 90.

Animal Balai Pengkajian Feeds. 2006.9 kg of silage/day. Bakshi.P.the physical form of feed (Tillman et block is a feed supplement for al. T. Page Hayati Ternak Lokal 35-39 Jawa Tengah. M. P2 ruminants is through fermentation cattle which is the combination of process by microbes in the rumen silage... and Wadhwa. 2011. of carbohydrate will produce VFA Digestion of carbohydrates in which is the main source of energy. formulated mineral block will increase the concentrate and urea molasses digestibility of nitrogen-free extract. Evaluation of Learning. Page 139- Multinutrient Blocks 155 Prepared by Hot or Cold Process in Disnak 2005.42 kg of silage/day). This was proven by the ruminants which provides a constant average of feed consumption of P2 with source of fermentable nitrogen to the highest nitrogen-free extract promote growth of rumen microbes digestibility (10. Dinas Peternakan Propinsi Jawa Tengah dengan David A. Feeding and Teknologi Pertanian Nutrition and Ration . Evaluation.99kg of concentrate/day and 100gr urea molasses mineral block as P1 than urea molasses mineral block/day). and with urea molasses mineral block as P2. Sumberdaya Buffalo Calves. United States Urea Molasses of America.S. 2011) without 0. (Bakshi and Wadhwa. Cengage M. P0 with the lowest nitrogen-free extract For ruminants the end product digestibility (9. formulate concentrate and urea (Murray. 2005). 2009) Urea molasses mineral molasses mineral block has the highest Conclusion Feeding silage.

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