You are on page 1of 3

Colonial

The study of the progress of architecture in a new country, untrammelled with
precedent and lacking the condition obtaining in Europe, is interesting; but
room is not available for more than a cursory glance.

During the eighteenth century (1725-1775) building were erected which have
been termed “colonial” in style, corresponding to what is understood in England
as “Queen Anne” or “Georgian.”

The term colonial is loosely applied to any style developed by colonizers.
Colonial Architecture or to be more specific, English Colonial architecture,
consists of Early American (before 1720) and American Colonial (after 1720).
American Colonial is a modification of Georgian and consists of various regional
types, such as New England, Southern and Dutch.

Even though there were no trained architects in North America before the
Revolution, many well-designed housed were built. The reason is that a workable
knowledge of architecture was a part of every gentleman’s training. Each
landowner designed his own house with the aid of English architectural
handbooks which simplified the use of the Renaissance orders. If these
handbooks were followed, the landowner could not go wrong. For materials,
wood was plentiful in all colonies, although brick was often used in the South
and stone in the middle colonies

The colonial history of the United States

The colonial history of the United States covers the history of European
settlements from the start of colonization of America until their incorporation into
the United States. In the late 16th century, England, France, Spain, and
the Netherlands launched major colonization programs in eastern North
America. Small early attempts often disappeared, such as the English Lost
Colony of Roanoke. Everywhere, the death rate was very high among the first
arrivals. Nevertheless, successful colonies were established.

European settlers came from a variety of social and religious groups.
Few aristocrats settled permanently, but a number of adventurers, soldiers,
farmers, and tradesmen arrived. Diversity was an American characteristic as
settlers came to the new continent, including the Dutch of New Netherland,
the Swedes and Finns of New Sweden, the English Quakers of Pennsylvania, the
English Puritans of New England, the English settlers of Jamestown, and the
"worthy poor" of Georgia. They built colonies with distinctive social, religious,
political, and economic styles.

In New England. as well as traditions brought by settlers from other parts of Europe. based largely in the Atlantic slave trade from Africa or by way of the Caribbean. a style called "Southern Colonial" is recognized. French Colonial. These styles are associated with the houses. churches and government buildings of the period from about 1600 through the 19th century. There were no major civil wars among the 13 colonies. and northern New Jersey. . the Middle Colonies. Wars were recurrent between the French and the British—the French and Indian Wars especially—and involved French support for Wabanaki attacks on the frontiers. By 1760. where the British expelled the French Acadian inhabitants. Along the lower Delaware River. and the two chief armed rebellions were short-lived failures in Virginia in 1676 and in New York in 1689–91. Building styles in the 13 colonies were influenced by techniques and styles from England. Dutch Colonial and Georgian.Non-British colonies were taken over and the inhabitants were all assimilated. unlike in Nova Scotia. In Maryland. and the Lower South. Some historians add a fifth region of the Frontier which was never separately organized. Long Island. following styles found in the southeastern counties of England. Dutch Colonial structures. characterized by the hall and parlor and central-passage house types. the Chesapeake Bay Colonies (Upper South). Virginia. possibly introduced to them decades before by explorers and sailors. On the eastern seaboard of what became the United States. and the Carolinas. a significant percentage of the Native Americans living in the eastern United States had been ravaged by new diseases. which often had large chimneys projecting from the gable-ends of the house. Swedish colonial settlers introduced the log cabin to America. The colonies developed legalized systems of slavery. 17th-century colonial houses were built primarily from wood. the four distinct British regions were: New England. By the time that European settlers arrived around 1600–1650. reflected construction styles from Holland and Flanders and used stone and brick more extensively than buildings in New England. American colonial architecture American colonial architecture includes several building design styles associated with the colonial period of the United States. Several relatively distinct regional styles of colonial architecture are recognized in the United States. France was defeated and the British seized its colonies. built primarily in the Hudson River Valley. Spanish Colonial. A style sometimes called Pennsylvania colonial appeared later (after 1681) and incorporates Georgian architectural influences. A Pennsylvania Dutch style is recognized in parts of southeastern Pennsylvania that were settled by German immigrants in the 18th century. including First Period English (late-medieval).

Arizona. Weidhaas and Mark D.org/wiki/Colonial_history_of_the_United_States https://en.S. in the United States it is found in Florida.m. Salvan .Early buildings in some other areas of the United States reflect the architectural traditions of the colonial powers that controlled these regions. Texas. Louisiana.wikipedia. New Mexico. and California.Architectural Character and the History of Architecture . https://en.org/wiki/American_colonial_architecture Residential Architecture: Design and Drafting by Ernest R.m. while the Spanish colonial style evokes Renaissance and Baroque styles of Spain and Mexico.wikipedia. Weidhaas G. The architectural style of Louisiana is identified as French colonial.