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Star Delta Transformations

Kevin Gaughan 5 October 2005


A

C
B C B

Star Connected Load Delta Connected Load


Without a neutral

Star Connected Loads: ZAN, ZBN, ZCN


Delta Connected Loads: ZAB, ZBC, ZCA

Delta to Star Transformation: Star to Delta Transformation


These can be used to derive a star This can be used to derive a delta-
connected load that will draw exactly the connected load that will draw exactly the
same current as the delta connected load. It same current as the star connected load. It
will work for any delta connected load. can only be used if there is no neutral
connection to the star connected load.
Z AB Z CA
Z AN =
Z AB + Z BC + Z CA Z AN Z BN
Z AB = Z AN + Z BN +
Z AB Z BC ZCN
Z BN = Z Z
Z AB + Z BC + Z CA Z BC = Z BN + Z CN + BN CN
Z BC Z CA Z AN
Z CN =
Z AB + Z BC + Z CA Z Z
Z CA = Z CN + Z AN + CN AN
Z BN

Balanced Loads
In the special case of balanced loads:
Balanced Delta load: ZAB=ZBC=ZCA=Zdelta
Balanced Star load: ZAN=ZBN=ZCN=Zstar
the transformation equations simplify to:
Z delta
Z delta = 3 Z star ; Z star =
3