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Figure TM- 7

Allowable Stresses for Stress-Graded Structural Timber of Philippine Woods


(80% Stress Grade)
Bending and Modulus of Compression Compression Shear parallel to
tension parallel to Elasticity parallel to grain perpendicular to grain
Species grain (Giga Pascals) (Mega Pascals) grain (Mega Pascals)
(Mega Pascals) (Mega Pascals)

I. High Strength Group

Agoho 26.3 8.22 14.50 5.91 2.95


Liusin 25.0 9.36 15.60 4.31 2.64
Malabayabas 28.7 8.30 15.80 8.70 3.02
Manggachapui 25.8 9.63 16.00 6.03 2.78
Molave 24.0 6.54 15.40 6.34 2.88
Narig 21.8 8.33 13.70 4.97 2.61
Sasalit 31.3 9.72 21.60 10.20 3.38
Yakal 24.5 9.78 15.80 6.27 2.49

II. Moderately High


Strength Group

Antipolo 18.60 5.35 10.80 3.90 2.06


Binggas 18.9 6.57 11.40 3.27 2.24
Bokbok 18.1 6.36 11.30 3.41 2.18
Dao 16.2 5.43 9.44 2.27 1.92
Gatasan 20.8 6.84 13.5 3.52 2.36
Guijo 21.8 8.47 13.20 4.26 2.40
Kamagong 20.9 7.20 11.70 4.39 2.47
Kamatog 19.0 7.56 11.20 3.95 2.35
Katmon 18.80 6.82 11.90 4.84 2.29
Kato 18.40 8.04 10.60 3.46 1.96
Lomarau 19.80 7.92 11.80 2.98 2.18
Mahogany 16.50 4.66 10.50 3.83 2.71
Makaasim 20.5 6.72 11.40 3.70 2.40
Malakauayan 18.9 6.66 11.20 2.32 2.14
Narra 18.0 5.94 11.40 3.07 1.91
Pahutan 16.6 6.53 10.0 2.50 2.05

III. Medium Strength


Group

Apitong 16.5 7.31 9.56 2.20 1.73


Bagtikan 16.6 6.48 9.89 2.33 1.82
Dangkalan 16.3 6.38 9.20 2.48 1.98
Gisau 14.3 5.33 8.16 1.99 1.90
Lanutan Bagyo 15.0 6.06 8.96 2.02 1.84
Lauan 13.9 5.83 8.18 1.72 1.48
Malaanonan 13.8 5.41 8.54 1.96 1.59
Malasaging 16.8 5.94 9.51 2.92 1.85
Malugai 15.4 6.30 9.33 3.07 2.07
Miau 15.7 6.50 8.83 2.78 2.06
Nato 16.2 5.56 9.17 2.33 1.98
Palosapis 13.8 5.98 8.38 2.73 1.68
Pine 14.7 6.66 8.29 1.88 1.56
Salakin 15.7 5.67 8.83 2.94 1.88
Vidalo Lamutan 19.5 5.83 8.54 2.65 2.39

IV. Moderately Low


Strength Group

Almaciga 11.8 5.47 6.27 1.44 1.47


Bayod 12.6 4.75 7.33 1.30 1.20
Lingo lingo 13.2 4.13 6.85 2.00 1.66
Manggasinoro 12.8 5.36 7.46 1.97 1.44
Raintree 119 2.75 7.23 3.32 2.07
Yemane 12.6 4.09 7.87 3.40 1.96
Figure TM 8
Allowable Loads (kiloNewtons) on One Bolt (Double Shear) Normal Duration
Lengt Diame Species Group
h of ter
I II III IV
Bolt in Of
Main Bolt Parall Perpe Parallel to grain Perpendi Parallel to Perpendicul Parall Perpendi
Memb el to ndicul cular to grain ar to grain el to cular to
er grain ar to grain grain grain
(mm) (mm) grain

40 13 7.08 3.76 4.86 1.98 4.20 2.07 3.26 1.82


16 8.75 4.19 6.01 2.21 5.20 2.30 4.01 2.02
20 11.00 4.85 7.55 2.56 6.53 2.67 5.02 2.35
22 12.10 5.04 8.30 2.66 7.19 2.77 5.52 2.43
25 13.70 5.47 9.43 2.89 8.16 3.01 6.27 2.64

50 13 8.38 4.70 5.75 2.48 4.98 2.59 3.99 2.27


16 10.80 5.23 7.42 2.76 6.43 2.88 5.00 2.53
20 13.70 6.07 9.38 3.20 8.12 3.34 6.27 2.93
22 15.10 6.30 10.30 3.32 8.95 3.46 6.90 3.04
25 17.20 6.83 11.80 3.61 10.20 3.76 7.84 3.30

65 13 9.29 6.11 6.38 3.23 5.52 3.36 4.68 2.95


16 13.00 6.80 8.95 3.59 7.74 3.74 6.29 3.29
20 17.40 7.89 11.90 4.16 10.30 4.34 8.10 3.81
22 19.30 8.19 13.20 4.32 11.40 4.50 8.97 3.96
25 22.20 8.88 15.20 4.69 13.20 4.89 10.20 4.29

75 13 9.35 6.84 6.42 3.61 5.56 3.76 4.79 3.30


16 13.80 7.85 9.48 4.14 8.21 4.32 6.85 3.79
20 19.40 9.10 13.30 4.81 11.50 5.01 9.22 4.40
22 21.90 9.45 15.00 4.99 13.00 5.20 10.20 4.56
25 25.50 10.20 17.50 5.41 15.20 5.64 11.80 4.95

80 13 9.41 7.14 6.45 3.77 5.59 3.93 4.84 3.45


16 14.10 8.37 9.66 4.42 8.36 4.61 7.09 4.05
20 20.30 9.71 14.00 5.13 12.10 5.34 9.77 4.69
22 22.90 10.10 15.70 5.32 13.60 5.54 10.90 4.87
25 26.90 10.90 18.40 5.77 16.00 6.01 12.50 5.28

90 13 9.39 7.42 6.44 3.92 5.58 4.08 4.84 3.59


16 14.30 9.20 9.79 4.86 8.48 5.06 7.28 4.45
20 21.30 10.90 14.60 5.77 12.70 6.01 10.50 5.28
22 24.90 11.30 17.10 5.98 14.80 6.24 12.00 5.48
25 29.40 12.30 20.20 6.49 17.50 6.77 13.90 5.94

100 13 9.40 7.40 6.45 3.91 5.58 4.07 4.84 3.58


16 14.20 9.84 9.78 5.19 8.47 5.41 7.34 4.76
20 22.00 12.10 15.10 6.41 13.10 6.68 11.10 5.87
22 25.90 12.60 17.80 6.65 15.40 7.35 12.80 6.45
25 31.80 13.70 21.80 7.21 18.90 7.52 15.30 6.60

125 13 9.38 6.92 6.44 3.65 5.57 3.81 4.83 3.34


16 14.20 10.10 9.77 5.33 8.46 5.56 7.33 4.89
20 22.30 14.30 15.30 7.53 13.20 7.85 11.50 6.89
22 26.90 15.30 18.50 8.10 16.00 8.44 13.80 7.42
25 34.40 17.10 23.60 9.02 20.40 9.40 17.30 8.26
28 41.80 18.50 28.70 9.78 24.80 10.20 20.50 8.95

140 13 9.38 6.51 6.44 3.44 5.57 3.58 4.83 3.14


16 14.20 9.85 9.76 5.20 8.45 5.42 7.33 4.76
20 22.20 14.80 15.20 7.79 13.20 8.12 11.40 7.14
22 27.00 16.40 18.50 8.65 16.00 9.01 13.90 7.92
25 34.80 18.70 23.90 9.88 20.70 10.30 17.70 9.04
28 43.10 20.80 29.60 11.00 25.60 11.40 21.70 10.00

150 16 14.20 9.59 9.76 5.06 8.45 5.28 7.33 4.64


20 22.30 14.70 15.30 7.78 13.20 8.11 11.50 7.13
22 26.90 16.70 18.50 8.84 16.00 9.21 13.80 8.09
25 34.60 19.70 23.80 10.40 20.60 10.90 17.80 9.54
28 43.50 21.90 29.90 11.60 25.90 12.10 22.10 10.60