63 views

Uploaded by Medyou

How to Calculate the Suitable Capacitor Size in Farads

- 0789-M(LS)-MTR-001_R5
- Reactive Power Compensation Using Capacitor Banks
- How to Calculate the Suitable Capacitor Size in Farads & kVAR for Power factor Improvement (Easiest way ever) - Electrical Technology.pdf
- Electrical Theory
- Statcom Documentation
- Guiding Principles in Selecting AC To DC Converters For Power Factor Corrections in AC Transmission System
- PF Harmonics
- BR6000-Manual-E-V60_REV0413
- How Super Capacitors Different Than Others
- Simulation of D-STATCOM to study Voltage Stability in Distribution system
- M.tech(Electrical Power Systems)
- cosenofimetro hioki
- Ga 2510971106
- 3 Phase Calculation
- 369man-bu
- Power Quality - Harmonic
- DC Bus Voltage Control in Four-Wire Shunt Active Power Filters With Split Capacitor
- Basic Electronics
- adi-nsps-1000017
- ANo102_HomeCap

You are on page 1of 11

Hi there! With a very important tutorial.. I hope you will find it very useful because I have

already spent two days to prepare this article. I think all of those who have sent messages

and mails about the topic will never ask again if they follow these simple methods to

calculate the proper Size of Capacitor bank in kVAR and micro-farads for power factor

correction and improvement in both single phase and three phase circuits. I think its too

much..

Now lets begin

Example: 1

A 3 Phase, 5 kW Induction Motor has a P.F (Power factor) of 0.75 lagging. What size

of Capacitor in kVAR is required to improve the P.F (Power Factor) to 0.90?

From Table, Multiplier to improve PF from 0.75 to 0.90 is .398

Required Capacitor kVAR to improve P.F from 0.75 to 0.90

Required Capacitor kVAR = kW x Table 1 Multiplier of 0.75 and 0.90

= 5kW x .398

= 1.99 kVAR

And Rating of Capacitors connected in each Phase

1.99/3 = 0.663 kVAR

Motor input = P = 5 kW

Original P.F = Cos1 = 0.75

Final P.F = Cos2 = 0.90

1 = Cos-1 = (0.75) = 41.41; Tan 1 = Tan (41.41) = 0.8819

2 = Cos-1 = (0.90) = 25.84; Tan 2 = Tan (25.50) = 0.4843

Required Capacitor kVAR to improve P.F from 0.75 to 0.90

Required Capacitor kVAR = P (Tan 1 Tan 2)

= 5kW (0.8819 0.4843)

= 1.99 kVAR

And Rating of Capacitors connected in each Phase

1.99/3 = 0.663 kVAR

The following tables have been prepared to simplify kVAR calculation for power factor

improvement. The size of capacitor in kVAR is the kW multiplied by factor in table to

improve from existing power factor to proposed power factor. Check the others Examples

below.

Table from 0.01 to 0.09 (Click image to enlarge)

Table from 0.50 to 0.74 (Click image to enlarge)

Table from 0.75 to 1.00 (Click image to enlarge) The whole Table from 0.10 to 1.0 (Click

image to enlarge)

Example 2:

An Alternator is supplying a load of 650 kW at a P.F (Power factor) of 0.65. What size

of Capacitor in kVAR is required to raise the P.F (Power Factor) to unity (1)? And

how many more kW can the alternator supply for the same kVA loading when P.F

improved.

Supplying kW = 650 kW

From Table 1, Multiplier to improve PF from 0.65 to unity (1) is 1.169

Required Capacitor kVAR to improve P.F from 0.65 to unity (1)

Required Capacitor kVAR = kW x Table 1 Multiplier of 65 and 100

= 650kW x 1.169

= 759.85 kVAR

kVA = kW / Cos

= 650/0.65 = 1000 kVA

When Power Factor is raised to unity (1)

No of kW = kVA x Cos

= 1000 x 1 = 1000kW

Hence increased Power supplied by Alternator

1000kW 650kW = 350kW

Supplying kW = 650 kW

Original P.F = Cos1 = 0.65

Final P.F = Cos2 = 1

1 = Cos-1 = (0.65) = 49.45; Tan 1 = Tan (41.24) = 1.169

2 = Cos-1 = (1) = 0; Tan 2 = Tan (0) = 0

Required Capacitor kVAR to improve P.F from 0.75 to 0.90

Required Capacitor kVAR = P (Tan 1 Tan 2)

= 650kW (1.169 0)

= 759.85 kVAR

How to Calculate the Required Capacitor bank value in both kVAR and

Farads?

(How to Convert Farads into kVAR and Vice Versa)

Example: 3

A Single phase 400V, 50Hz, motor takes a supply current of 50A at a P.F (Power

factor) of 0.6. The motor power factor has to be improved to 0.9 by connecting a

capacitor in parallel with it. Calculate the required capacity of Capacitor in both

kVAR and Farads.

Solution.:

(1) To find the required capacity of Capacitance in kVAR to improve P.F from 0.6 to

0.9 (Two Methods)

= 400V x 50A x 0.6

= 12kW

Required Capacitor kVAR to improve P.F from 0.60 to 0.90

Required Capacitor kVAR = kW x Table Multiplier of 0.60 and 0.90

= 12kW x 0.849

= 10.188 kVAR

= 400V x 50A x 0.6

= 12kW

Actual P.F = Cos1 = 0..6

Required P.F = Cos2 = 0.90

1 = Cos-1 = (0.60) = 53.13; Tan 1 = Tan (53.13) = 1.3333

2 = Cos-1 = (0.90) = 25.84; Tan 2 = Tan (25.50) = 0.4843

Required Capacitor kVAR to improve P.F from 0.60 to 0.90

Required Capacitor kVAR = P (Tan 1 Tan 2)

= 5kW (1.3333 0.4843)

= 10.188 kVAR

(2) To find the required capacity of Capacitance in Faradsto improve P.F from 0.6 to

0.9 (Two Methods)

We have already calculated the required Capacity of Capacitor in kVAR, so we can easily

convert it into Farads by using this simple formula

Required Capacity of Capacitor in Farads/Microfarads

C = kVAR / (2 f V2) in microfarad

= (10.188kVAR) / (2 x x 50 x 4002)

= 2.0268 x 10-4

= 202.7 x 10-6

= 202.7F

We know that;

IC = V/ XC

Whereas XC = 1 / 2 F C

IC = V / (1 / 2 F C)

IC = V 2 F C

= (400) x 2 x (50) x C

IC = 125663.7 x C

And,

kVAR = (V x IC) / 1000 [kVAR =( V x I)/ 1000 ]

= 400 x 125663.7 x C

IC = 50265.48 x C (ii)

50265.48 x C = 10.188C

C = 10.188 / 50265.48

C = 2.0268 x 10-4

C = 202.7 x 10-6

C = 202.7F

Example 4

What value of Capacitance must be connected in parallel with a load drawing 1kW at

70% lagging power factor from a 208V, 60Hz Source in order to raise the overall

power factor to 91%.

Solution:

You can use either Table method or Simple Calculation method to find the required value of

Capacitance in Farads or kVAR to improve Power factor from 0.71 to 0.97. So I used table

method in this case.

P = 1000W

Actual Power factor = Cos1 = 0.71

Desired Power factor = Cos2 = 0.97

From Table, Multiplier to improve PF from 0.71 to 0.97 is 0.783

Required Capacitor kVAR to improve P.F from 0.71 to 0.97

Required Capacitor kVAR = kW x Table Multiplier of 0.71 and 0.97

= 1kW x 0.783

=783 VAR (required Capacitance Value in kVAR)

Current in the Capacitor =

IC = QC / V

= 783 / 208

= 3.76A

And

XC = V / IC

= 208 / 3.76 = 55.25

C = 1/ (2 f XC)

C = 1 (2 x 60 x 55.25)

C = 48 F (required Capacitance Value in Farads)

Good to Know:

Important formulas which is used for Power factor improvement calculation as well

as used in the above calculation

Power in Watts

kW = kVA x Cos

kW = HP x 0.746 or (HP x 0.746) / Efficiency (HP = Motor Power)

kW = ( kVA2 kVAR2)

kW = P = VI Cos (Single Phase)

kW = P =3x V x I Cos (Three Phase)

Apparent Power in VA

kVA= (kW2+ kVAR2)

kVA = kW/ Cos

Reactive Power in VA

kVAR= (kVA2 kW2)

kVAR = C x (2 f V2)

Power Factor = Cos = P / V I (Single Phase)

Power Factor = Cos = P / (3x V x I) (Three Phase)

Power Factor = Cos = kW / kVA (Both Single Phase & Three Phase)

Power Factor = Cos = R/Z (Resistance / Impedance)

IC = V/ XC (I = V / R)

C = kVAR / (2 f V2) in microfarad

Required Capacity of Capacitor in kVAR

kVAR = C x (2 f V2)

Power Factor improvement Methods with Their advantages & Disadvantages

How to calculate the value of resistor for LEDs (with different types of LEDs circuits)

How to Calculate/Find the Rating of Transformer in kVA (1 Phase and 3 Phase)?

How To Calculate Your Electricity Bill. Easy and simple Explanation

How to Find The Suitable Size of Cable & Wire for Electrical Wiring Installation (SI &

Metric)

How to Convert Capacitor Farads into kVAR & Vice Versa (For Power factor

improvement)

- 0789-M(LS)-MTR-001_R5Uploaded bysuperthambi
- Reactive Power Compensation Using Capacitor BanksUploaded byJustus Onderi Momanyi
- How to Calculate the Suitable Capacitor Size in Farads & kVAR for Power factor Improvement (Easiest way ever) - Electrical Technology.pdfUploaded byjabranali
- Electrical TheoryUploaded bypatriot4229
- Statcom DocumentationUploaded bybalu_33babu
- Guiding Principles in Selecting AC To DC Converters For Power Factor Corrections in AC Transmission SystemUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- PF HarmonicsUploaded byPetros Christodoulides
- BR6000-Manual-E-V60_REV0413Uploaded byLuis Banda
- How Super Capacitors Different Than OthersUploaded bySai Arun
- Simulation of D-STATCOM to study Voltage Stability in Distribution systemUploaded byInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- M.tech(Electrical Power Systems)Uploaded bymaheshkarre
- cosenofimetro hiokiUploaded byluisfernandovalderra
- Ga 2510971106Uploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- 3 Phase CalculationUploaded byardin0506
- 369man-buUploaded byriugen_
- Power Quality - HarmonicUploaded byGuntur Yanuar Astono
- DC Bus Voltage Control in Four-Wire Shunt Active Power Filters With Split CapacitorUploaded byJulen Trojaola
- Basic ElectronicsUploaded byrakesh_pal_3
- adi-nsps-1000017Uploaded byKen Comey
- ANo102_HomeCapUploaded byRicardo Lopez
- Analysis of Power Flow in Upqc During Voltage Sag and SwellUploaded byjhapte02
- COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF IMPROVED HIGH PERFORMANCE DIRECT POWER CONTROL OF THREE PHASE PWM RECTIFIER.pdfUploaded byesatjournals
- How to Protect Capacitor BanksUploaded byqwkerbk090909
- EE369POWER SYSTEM ANALYSISUploaded byJohn Mark Carpio
- electrical engineeringUploaded byNor Syahirah Mohamad
- APFC147-1Uploaded byAlejandro Mira Estrada
- 189_doc_1_17123897153752Uploaded byLong Leo
- 00985176Uploaded bymhpourarab4129
- Reactive Power and Fuel CalculationUploaded byAdel Klk
- IAETSD Single Phase Single Stage Multi Level AC–DCUploaded byiaetsdiaetsd

- Electrical Study GuideUploaded byHM5
- Electrical Equipment ListUploaded byMedyou
- Street Light Fixture DetailUploaded byMedyou
- 26200003 - Panel Naming ProcedureUploaded byFidel Castro
- Power Factor Correction: a guide for the plant engineerUploaded byMaximo Gomez Guerrero
- Understanding Earth Ground Resistance by AEMCUploaded byJawaid Iqbal
- Calculate Size of Capacitor BankUploaded byMedyou
- Calculation Formula for the CapacitorUploaded byMedyou
- KBA Rapida 75Pro Broschuere EnUploaded byMedyou
- KBA Rapida 75 Basic technical information.pdfUploaded byMedyou
- Handbook-for-installation-of-medium-voltage-lines.pdfUploaded byMedyou
- Power Guide 4Uploaded byzbyszko201234
- Automation-Control-System-Specification-Design-and-Installation-Guide.pdfUploaded bysabeer
- Determining Correction Factor of Power Cable SizingUploaded byArnel Pascual Laquindanum
- Energy Conversion and Power ElectronicsUploaded byMedyou
- AC Motor Selection and Application GuideUploaded byDanilo Jose Granados

- 208363905-Benq-W-1070-Service-Manual.pdfUploaded byNguyen Lan Rivaret
- Codes UmtsUploaded bybijayanandap
- TPB-1W，1W 3KVDC Isolation Regulated Single Output DC/DC ConvertersUploaded bytoppower
- Hp LCD MonitorUploaded byEngelbert_Jere_2481
- ICD_C06Uploaded byHossein Yazdi
- SS9419BUploaded byamruthkiranbabuji
- Manual Wiring EGX100Uploaded byotomatis
- Exp3 Star-Delta ConnectionUploaded bypijechad
- Foster WF-100k FAQUploaded byivolovi
- RSG30Uploaded byDavid Collazos Martin
- OTN Ciena dataUploaded byfonpereira
- LTN141AT13Uploaded byCah Ngaloef
- Ecte301 Laboratory ReportUploaded byMaskey Kshitiz
- Test uploadUploaded byCarl Fernandes
- planning-3g-network-base-on-2g-network.pdfUploaded byTDMA2009
- ABB - Conjutos de Tomadas IndustriaisUploaded byMarcos Ulysses
- 2-SPP_B_I21N10.pdfUploaded byPadmajan Yesodharan
- SP Flash Tool Error {FIX}Uploaded byFaami
- Introduction to Programmable Logic ControllersUploaded byaminazadchoudhury1
- otn alcatelUploaded byGonzalo Ignacio Lesperguer Diaz
- IBM Flex System X220Uploaded byAnushri Chansoria
- Computer McqsUploaded byFaheem Yaseen
- Seven SegmentUploaded byNovi Kucriit
- Communication Protocols for Embedded SystemsUploaded byGaurav Kumar
- huawei-b683Uploaded byRobert Dumitrescu
- cs146-lecture4Uploaded byharshv
- Calculator_HDD_Provision_ISR.xlsxUploaded byVictor Bitar
- Andy kropa tv studyUploaded bypraneeth bhandary
- SDS Series Oscilloscopes Service Manual v1 0Uploaded bycriminale
- foxboro srd991_iomUploaded byOttar Dubo