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SOCCSKSARGEN (pronounced [sok sard n]) is a region of the Philippines, located in central Mindanao, and is officially designated as Region XII. The name is an acronym that stands for the region's four provinces and one of its cities: South Cotabato, Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, Sarangani and General Santos City. The regional center is Koronadal City located in the province of South Cotabato. Cotabato City, though geographically within the boundaries of the province of Maguindanao, itself is part of SOCCSKSARGEN, and is independent of that province. Maguindanao province is a part of another special region called the ARMM which has its seat in Cotabato City. SOCCSKSARGEN and the province of Maguindanao were once part of the original Cotabato province.
With the addition of South Cotabato and Sarangani. these provinces comprised the region: y y y Maguindanao North Cotabato Sultan Kudarat With the creation of ARMM. while Marawi City became part of the ARMM. The region used to be named Central Mindanao. Known for its river system. valleys and mountain ranges. Cotabato contains the Rio Grande de Mindanao. transferred from Southern Mindanao. the region is the catch basin of Mindanao. Lanao del Norte was later transferred to Northern Mindanao. potable water and energy production. Lanao del Sur (excluding Marawi City) and Maguindanao (excluding Cotabato City) were removed from the region. the region was renamed as SOCCSKSARGEN. North Cotabato and Sultan Kudarat. leaving Lanao del Norte.Geography The region has extensive coastlines. . Prior to the creation of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao. which is the longest river in Mindanao and the second longest in the Philippines. The system is a rich source of food. and Marawi City and Cotabato City as constituent provinces and cities. The "Central Mindanao" name lives on as a description to the provinces populated by Muslim Filipinos.
505 163. density (per km²) 146.8 172.86 Pop.0 137.565.849 411.822 Area (km²) 6.6 Cotabato Sarangani South Cotabato Sultan Kudarat Cotabato City1 General Santos City2 Kidapawan City Alabel Koronadal City Isulan ² ² .0 835.643 410.714.996.1 4.Region XII SoCCSKSarGen ² Region ² Map of the Philippines showing the location of Region XII Province/City Capital Population (2000) 958.9 124.9 2.728 586.622 690.8 175.0 3.99 492.4 931.980.
Cotabato Koronadal City. . South Cotabato Independent Component City y Cotabato City Highly Urbanized City y General Santos City Musical Heritage Main articles: Music of the Philippines and Kulintang The native Maguindanaon and other native Muslim/non-Muslim groups have a fascinating culture that revolves around kulintang music.^1 Cotabato City is independent of Maguindanao province. which is part of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao. found in the SoCCSKSarGen. a specific type of gong music. Sultan Kudarat Kidapawan City. ^2 General Santos City is a highly urbanized city. Component Cities y y y Tacurong City. The seat of the ARMM regional government is also in Cotabato City. figures are excluded from South Cotabato.
034. districts Languages Philippines Mindanao Koronadal City. 65. .2 sq mi) 3.142 metric tons. Cebuano.854 metric tons while corn production stood at 1.258.539 metric tons. 30.Total Population (2007) .081 170.697. others Agriculture and Fishery Crop Production The region's economy is largely agriculture-based. 283.4/km2 (441.4/sq mi) PST (UTC+8) 4 5 45 1.Density Time zone Provinces Cities Municipalities Barangays Cong. mango. the region also produced the following crops: coconut at 498. pineapple.Total . In addition to rice and corn.372 metric tons. 6. Tboli. rubber. banana. In 2002. South Cotabato 22.596. 266.021 metric tons.964 metric tons. sugarcane. Blaan.674.383.585 metric tons.716.194 6 English.037. Cotabato Manobo.466 km2 (8.655 metric tons. corn and high value crops.690.Country: Island group: Regional center Area . Tagalog.522. being a major producer of rice. 9. Tagabanwa.086 metric tons and asparagus.829. total rice production was 1.
43 sq. Among the four provinces in the region. varying from flat. which is about 38 percent of the region¶s land resources. The region has an extensive and long coastline which stretches to 320 kilometers.. kms. namely: commercial.144 metric tons followed by Sarangani with 24.658. kms. representing 22 percent of Mindanao¶s total land area. . About half of the region¶s land resources fall within the 0-500m in elevation. with a land area of 3.650.214 metric tons and Sultan Kudarat with 19.612. Land and Physical Resources Land Area Region XII has a total land area of 22. scattered hills and intensive mountain ranges. In 2002. municipal and aquaculture. South Cotabato with the inclusion of General Santos City recorded the highest total fishery production at 146. Location Region XII is situated in the central and southwestern parts of Mindanao. bounded on the north by the provinces of Lanao del Sur and Bukidnon.Fishery Production Three types of fishery production areas can be found in Region XII. by Davao del Sur and Davao City. on the northwest.01 sq. Cotabato being a landlocked province recorded the least fishery production at 808 metric tons.427 metric tons. South Cotabato province has the smallest area among the provinces. on the southwest. fertile plains to irregular landscape to wide valleys.95 sq. Cotabato has the biggest land area at 8. Topography Region XII has many distinct physiographic features. It lies 6o 32¶ to 7 o 33¶ of the north latitude and 124 o 01¶ to 125 o 17¶ of the east longitude. and on the east. by Mindanao Sea. by Maguindanao. kms.
among others. Rainfall patterns of the region contribute to the high production levels in agriculture. Mt. one natural spring. inns and others. spring resorts. Tourists are pouring into the place during the summer or the Holy Week for the celebration of the Mt. being the highest mountain in the country with its towering peak at 10.311 ft. Apo Summer Festival. The region experiences high annual rainfall which ranges from 1. one wild park and the towering Mt.Climate Region XII falls under the 4th Climatic Type having an evenly distributed rainfall throughout the year with no pronounced rain periods. attracts tourists worldwide and draws them into Kidapawan City. resorts. Augmenting these facilities are designated home-stays or homes that are equally equipped and capable of providing comfortable accommodations for visitors in their areas. there are eleven (11) natural attractions that include four beautiful falls. Other facilities include restaurants and souvenir shops. Apo. Tourist Facilities The region has a vast array of tourist facilities to offer comfort and luxury to visitors which include hotels. two caves.871mm/year to 2. Tourism Natural Tourist Attractions Region XII is endowed with rich natural beauty that beckons to foreign and domestic tourists alike. In the province of Cotabato alone. caves and waterfalls.876mm/year (considered moist). Apo. . The rest of the region offers pristine beaches. pension houses. high. two lakes.
Among the festivals celebrated in the region are the following. These festivals typify the life and culture of the people of Region XII.946 foreign visitors in the first three quarters of 2002. especially the religious festivals.225 domestic and 3. both foreign and domestic.Festivals About 30 festivals are celebrated annually in the different parts of the region. These festivals usually draw people from other places and the celebration of such are spearheaded by the local government units and the private sector. Kalilang Festival. (i..g. some are religious in nature (e. Tinalak Festival. The Department of Tourism promotes and provides coordinative assistance in the conduct of the festivities. Kalilangan Festival. Some of these festivals are political in nature. Tourist Arrivals Region XII recorded a total of 331. and Tuna Festival. Shariff Kabunsuan Festival. Kalibongan Festival. their religious beliefs and aspirations in life.e. foundation anniversary of a city or province). Halad. feast in honor of a Saint or religious personage) or a festival for good harvest (thanksgiving ritual).. . General Santos City and South Cotabato Province registered the highest number of visitor arrivals.
the Mani of Thailand. referring to their small stature. six Semang tribes of Malaysia. such as their hair texture and skin color. Baluga. including short stature. "little black person". the term Negrito was previously occasionally used to refer to African Pygmies. . and dark skin. They are the most genetically distant human population from Africans at most loci studied thus far (except for MC1R. Ita. Their current populations include 12 Andamanese tribes of the Andaman Islands. however. Ati. Pygmies. They have also been shown to have separated early from Asians. i. and was coined by early European explorers who assumed that the Negritos were recent arrivals from Africa. Dumagat and at least 25 other tribes of the Philippines. Negritos share some common physical features with African pygmy populations. especially to their superficial physical features. Etymology The term "Negrito" is the Spanish diminutive of negro. Ayta. suggesting that they are either surviving descendants of settlers from an early migration out of Africa. some Negritos are referred to as pygmies. natural afro-hair texture. their origin and the route of their migration to Asia is still a matter of great speculation. Sometimes the term "Negroid" will be used when referring to these groups. or that they are descendants of one of the founder populations of modern humans. and likewise. Occasionally.Ethnic Group Negrito The term Negrito refers to several ethnic groups in isolated parts of Southeast Asia. and the Aeta. bundling them with peoples of similar physical stature in Central Africa.e. which codes for dark skin). Agta.
some scientists claim they are merely a group of Australo-Melanesians who have undergone island dwarfing over thousands of years. . or original people. reducing their food intake in order to cope with limited resources and adapt to a tropical rainforest environment. the origins of the Negrito people is a much debated topic. The Malay term for them is orang asli. They are likely descendants of the indigenous populations of the Sunda landmass and New Guinea.Origins Being among the least-known of all living human groups. Alternatively. predating the Mongoloid peoples who later entered Southeast Asia.
Castañito Student . Delgado Teacher Submitted by: Anna Cindy S.Submitted to: Miss Donna Michelle Y.
Thank You for This Earth O God. Grant us a heart opened wide to all this beauty. rejoice in the feel of snow. and see the splendor of fields of golden wheat. for the ocean and streams. and save us from being so blind that we pass unseeing when even the common thorn bush is aflame with your glory. our home. In this new day of new beginnings with God. We thank you for this earth. and smell the breath of spring flowers. for the towering hills and the whispering wind. For each new dawn is filled with infinite possibilities for new beginnings and new discoveries. for the trees and green grass. all things are possible. Amen. . We are restored and renewed in a joyous awakening to the wonder that our lives are and. can be. Life is constantly changing and renewing itself. and taste autumn's fruit. for the wide sky and the blessed sun. yet. We thank you for our senses by which we hear the songs of birds.