NASA Daily News Summary For Release: Jan.

12, 2000 Media Advisory m00-008 SUMMARY: PREFLIGHT BRIEFINGS FOR EARTH-MAPPING SHUTTLE MISSION SET FOR JAN. 21 NASA SATELLITE GREATLY IMPROVES ACCURACY OF TROPICAL RAINFALL FORECASTING FUSE SPACECRAFT OBSERVES INTERSTELLAR LIFEBLOOD OF GALAXIES SPACE SHUTTLE PROGRAM JOINS AMERICAN ICONS IN COMMEMORATIVE STAMP COLLECTION Video File for Jan. 12, 2000 **************************** PREFLIGHT BRIEFINGS FOR EARTH-MAPPING SHUTTLE MISSION SET FOR JAN. 21 A series of background briefings on the upcoming Shuttle Radar Topography Mission, designed to map up to 80% of the Earth's populated surface in 11 days, will be held on Friday, Jan. 21, at NASA's Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX. The mission, designated STS-99, also is designed to produce unrivaled three-dimensional images of the world. Full text: ftp://ftp.hq.nasa.gov/pub/pao/note2edt/2000/n00-001.txt Headquarters contact: Kirsten Williams (Phone: 202/358-0243) Johnson Space Center contact: Eileen Hawley (Phone: 281/483-5111) ---NASA SATELLITE GREATLY IMPROVES ACCURACY OF TROPICAL RAINFALL FORECASTING New research shows that adding rainfall data from NASA's

Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite and other meteorological satellites to forecast models can more than triple the accuracy of short-term rainfall forecasts. NASA Headquarters contact: David E. Steitz (Phone: 202/358-1730) Goddard Space Flight Center contact: Allen Kenitzer (Phone: 301/286-2806) American Meteorological Society contact: Stephanie Kenitzer (Phone: 562/6288200) Full text at ftp://ftp.hq.nasa.gov/pub/pao/pressrel/2000/00-009.txt -----FUSE SPACECRAFT OBSERVES INTERSTELLAR LIFEBLOOD OF GALAXIES The extended halo of half-million-degree gas that surrounds the Milky Way was generated by thousands of exploding stars, or supernovae, as our galaxy evolved, according to new observations by NASA's Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer (FUSE) spacecraft. The spacecraft has nearly completed its shakedown phase, and its first results are already providing a wealth of new information to astronomers about the material that becomes stars, planets and ourselves. ftp://ftp.hq.nasa.gov/pub/pao/pressrel/2000/00-005.txt Headquarters Contact: Don Savage (Phone: 202/358-1547) Goddard Space Flight Center: Bill Steigerwald (Phone: 301/286-5017) ------SPACE SHUTTLE PROGRAM JOINS AMERICAN ICONS IN COMMEMORATIVE STAMP COLLECTION The Space Shuttle Program today joined video games, the Cabbage Patch Kids dolls and 12 other American memories as part of the U.S. Postal Service's "Celebrate the Century" program; the 15stamp series was unveiled today at NASA's Kennedy Space Center, FL.

Full text: ftp://ftp.hq.nasa.gov/pub/pao/pressrel/2000/00-012.txt Headquarters contact: Kirsten Williams (Phone: 202/358-0243) U.S. Postal Service contact: Cathy Yarosky (Phone: 202/268-2126) --------Video File for Jan. 12, 2000 ITEM 1 - First Images From The FUSE Satellite (GSFC) TRT 10:00 ITEM 2 - TRMM - Improving Tropical Rainfall Forecasts (GSFC) TRT 2:00 ITEM 3 - NASA Technology Improved Weather Forecasting in 1999 (replay) TRT 13:00 ITEM 4 - New Shuttle Stamp - KSC (Video Added at 3 pm ET) TRT TBD **************************************************** ITEM 1 - First Images From The FUSE Satellite (GSFC) TRT 10:00 The FUSE spacecraft is observing the intestellar lifeblood of galaxies. The extended halo of half-million-degree gas that surrounds the Milky Way was generated by thousands of exploding stars, or supernovae, as our galaxy evolved, according to new observations by NASA's Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer (FUSE) spacecraft. Since stars destined to explode don't live long, compared to stars like our Sun, star explosions are actually a record of star formation. By comparing supernova generated halos among galaxies, researchers hope to be able to compare their star formation histories. Video shows the extended halo of gas created by these explosions. HQ Contact: Don Savage 202/358-1727 Center Contact: Wade Sisler 310/286-6256 ITEM 2 - TRMM - Improving Tropical Rainfall Forecasts (GSFC) TRT 2:00 New research shows that the accuracy of tropical three-day rainfall

forecasts can be improved as much as 100% by combining existing forecast models with satellite rainfall data. The research could be particularly valuable in the prediction of hurricane behavior and rain accumulation. Video shows, Hurricanes Floyd and Irene (September 1999) and TRM animation. Using the new "super-ensemble" forecasting techniques, the following visualizations compare September's collected one-day forecasts to the collected daily observations of actual rainfall. This new forecasting technique is a major improvement over earlier methods. The tropics are notoriously hard for daily precipitation predictions; in this representation the overall forecasting trend through time is more significant than precise matching of the rainfall areas depicted by the color map shown. HQ Contact: Dave Steitz 202/358-1730 Center Contact: Wade Sisler 310/286-6256 ITEM 3 - NASA Technology Improved Weather Forecasting in 1999 TRT 13:00 NASA is getting better at predicting weather. Wth the use of satellite data and better computer modeling techniques, meteorologists in the next ten years may be able to predict El Nino weather conditions potentially 15 months in advance and detect hurricanes far enough ahead to help protect lives and property, according to NASA Administrator Daniel S. Goldin. The following video details several NASA weather missions that will help accomplish these goals. HQ Contact - Dave Steitz 202/358-1730. Item 3a - Landsat 7 - Mapping Cities Landsat 7 is an Earth-mapping mission that provides imagery of the planet from space that can be used to understand natural events all over the world. Building on a 27-year heritage of data, Landsat 7 helps researchers understand the effects of hurricanes and monitor fires and droughts. These views show the cities of San Francisco, Rome, Paris, and New York. Video courtesy NASA Center contact: Wade Sisler 301/286-6256

Item 3b - Quikscat - Tracking Ocean Winds Quikscat, a satellite launched last spring that tracks wind currents over the ocean's surface, is providing information that can help scientists understand the interactions between Earth's oceans and the atmosphere. This data can help predict the evolution and movement of severe storms. Video Courtesy NASA Center contact: Diane Ainsworth 818/354-5011 Item 3c - Topex-Poseidon Looks at Sea Surfaces A joint NASA-French mission that uses radar to study ocean surface topography and heat content gives two more clues as to how El Nino and other ocean events affect the weather that crosses our nation each day. Animation depicts the evolution and decrease of the El Nino warm water pool from Dec. 1996-March 1998. The warm water pool is red and white and the La Nina cold water pool is blue and purple. Video Courtesy NASA Center contact: Diane Ainsworth 818/354-5011 Item 3d - TRMM Aids Hurricane Research The Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission, a joint NASA-Japanese mission, continues to provide profound new insights into events such as hurricanes, modeling them in 3-D while showing how energy is used within the storm. The following animation shows the hurricane swath in 1998 and a 3-D working model of a hurricane. Video Courtesy NASA/NASDA Center contact: Wade Sisler 301/286-6256 Item 3e - Terra: A planet-wide system Terra, launched in Dec. 1999, will enable new research into the ways that Earth's lands, oceans, air, ice and life function as a total planet-wide system. Terra is the first spacecraft of the Earth Observing Satellite (EOS) series

to be launched and will provide comprehensive, daily information on the health of the planet. Video Courtesy NASA Center contact: Wade Sisler 301/286-6256 Item 3f - Acrimsat: Measuring the Sun's Energy Launched in Dec. 1999, the Acrimsat mission is designed to measure Total Solar Irradiance (TRI), or the impact on Earth of the Sun's energy, during its five-year mission life. Acrimsat is also part of the Earth Observing Satellite series. Video Courtesy NASA Center contact: Diane Ainsworth 818/354-5011 ITEM 4 - New Shuttle Stamp - KSC (Video Added at 3 pm ET) TRT TBD Video of the new stamp which the Post Office and NASA unveiled at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor's Center, FL at 11 a.m. eastern time on 1/1/00. HQ Contact: Kirsten Williams 202/358-0243 Center Contact: Lisa Malone 321/867-2468 **************************** Unless otherwise noted, ALL TIMES ARE EASTERN. ANY CHANGES TO THE LINE-UP WILL APPEAR ON THE NASA VIDEO FILE ADVISORY ON THE WEB AT ftp://ftp.hq.nasa.gov/pub/pao/tv-advisory/nasa-tv.txt WE UPDATE THE ADVISORY THROUGHOUT THE DAY. The NASA Video File normally airs at noon, 3 p.m., 6 p.m., 9 p.m. and midnight Eastern Time. NASA Television is available on GE-2, transponder 9C at 85 degrees

West longitude, with vertical polarization. Frequency is on 3880.0 megahertz, with audio on 6.8 megahertz. Refer general questions about the video file to NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Ray Castillo, 202/358-4555, or Elvia Thompson, 202/358-1696, elvia.thompson@hq.nasa.gov During Space Shuttle missions, the full NASA TV schedule will continue to be posted at: http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/realdata/nasatv/schedule.html For general information about NASA TV see: http://www.nasa.gov/ntv/ ***************************** Contract Awards Contract awards are posted to the NASA Acquisition information Service Web site: http://procurement.nasa.gov/EPS/award.html ***************************** The NASA Daily News Summary is issued each business day at approximately 2 p.m. Eastern time. Members of the media who wish to subscribe or unsubscribe from this list, please send e-mail message to: Brian.Dunbar@hq.nasa.gov ***************************** end of daily news summary