NASA Daily News Summary For Release: Jan.

20, 2000 Media Advisory m00-013 SUMMARY: No News Releases Today Video File for Jan. 20, 2000 ALL TIMES EASTERN Video File for Jan. 20, 2000 Item 1 - Pacific Decadal Heating - JPL Item 2 - Lunar Eclipse - GSFC Item 3 - SeaWifS - Skies over the Great Lakes (GSFC) (replay) ***************************** If NASA issues any news releases later today, we will e-mail summaries and Internet URLs to this list. Index of 2000 NASA News Releases: Index of 1999 NASA News Releases: ***************************** Item 1 - Pacific Decadal Heating: The beginning of La Mama? Oceanographers think they're seeing the start of something big. The Pacific Decadal Oscillation and Ocean Circulation Phenomenon will have broader, deeper and longer lasting effects than the smaller El Nino/La Nina did. The Topex/Poseidon spacecraft, seen in the following animation, is mapping these abnormally high and low sea surface heights. TRT - :37 Video Courtesy NASA

Item 1a - Topex/Poseidon data animation Historic data from the NASA-French Topex/Poseidon satellite shows the El Nino/La Nina phenomena that dominated the Pacific from Dec. 1996 through June 1999. Sea surface height is shown relative to normal (green) height and reveals cooler water (blue and purple) and warmer water (red and white). TRT - :33 Video Courtesy NASA Item 1b - Latest Topex/Poseidon image Sea surface height is shown relative to normal (green) and reveals cooler water (blue and purple). The giant horseshoe of warmer water (red and white) dominating the western and mid-latitude Pacific has higher than normal sea surface heights between 8-24 cm. For the past year, warmer waters have been expanding slowly and are now beginning to dominate the north Pacific. TRT - :21 Item 1c - Interview excerpts: Dr. William Patzert Oceanographer NASA Jet Propulsion Lab TRT - 5:00 Center Contact: Diane Ainsworth 818/354-0850 Item 2 - Lunar Eclipse preview Synopsis: Nature's first spectacular astronomical event of the New Year, a total lunar eclipse, will occur on the evening of January 20. A total lunar eclipse occurs when the sun, earth and moon align so that the earth's shadow is cast onto the moon. This stunning event will be North America's first total eclipse in more than three years. Weather permitting, observers will be able to view all stages of the eclipse. If there are clear skies, "totality" will be particularly dramatic in North America, where the moon will be a fiery-red ball, seen in a crisp winter sky. The eclipse will also be visible from central and South America, Hawaii, and most of Africa and Europe. Item 2a - Total lunar eclipse moon animation - a total eclipse of the moon can only take place at full moon, and only if the entire moon passes through the earth's shadow. These events are quite striking for the vibrant range of colors the moon can take on during totality. TRT - :17 Item 2b - Total lunar eclipse earth/moon animation - the beginning phase of the

eclipse will begin shortly after 9:00 p.m. est. The real action begins at 10:01 p.m. est, when a partial eclipse starts to occur. Totality starts at 11:05 p.m. est and ends at 12:22 a.m., the morning of January 21. After the total phase ends, it is followed by a second partial eclipse, which will end at approximately 1:25 a.m. est, January 21. TRT - :17 Item 2c - Total lunar eclipse sequence - During a total lunar eclipse, the earth blocks all direct sunlight from the moon. A total lunar eclipse occurs when the sun, earth and moon align so that the earth's shadow is cast onto the moon. These sequences show a previous total lunar eclipse from November 29, 1993. (2 sequences) TRT - :41 Item 2d - "Totality" still image - this beautiful still image was captured during the "totality phase" of the total lunar eclipse on November 29, 1993. If the earth had no atmosphere, then the moon would be completely black during a total eclipse. Instead, the moon can take on a range of colors from dark brown and red to bright orange and yellow. The exact appearance depends on how much dust and clouds are present in earth's atmosphere. TRT - :10 Item 2e - Interview Excerpts Dr. Fred Espenak NASA astronomer NASA Goddard Space Flight Center TRT - 2:00 Center Contact: Deanna Corridon -- 301/286-0041 Headquarters Contact: Dave Steitz -- 202/358-1730 Video Courtesy NASA Item 3 - Clouds Cover Great Lakes Synopsis: Many residents near the Great Lakes are familiar with the term "lake effect snow". Seen from space, this phenomenon looks like a thick white blanket pulled over the surface of the water. NASA's Sea-Viewing Wide Field-ofView satellite, or SeaWiFS, collected the first of these images on April 13, 1999, the second on December 21, 1999. These images were enhanced and rendered at the Scientific and Visualization Studio (SVS) at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD. Item 3a - Lake-Effect Clouds Cover Great Lakes As the visualization begins, the skies over the Great Lakes are clear. Then, as clouds thicken, notice how they appear to be pushed slightly off center, towards

the eastern edge of the lakes. Here's what's happening: as cold, dry air blows off the high plains of Canada, it rushes over the lakes and soaks up moisture. That moisture condenses into clouds, which builds up and trails out like wool from a carding brush. The thin stripes of blue peeking out from the western edges of the lakes show the zone where those dry winds have not yet soaked up enough moisture to coalesce into clouds. Past the eastern borders of each lake, you'll see jumbled and tangled clouds above the ground. Over many of these areas, snow is falling as the now lake-saturated air gives up its moisture, yielding more human scale phenomena below: people pushing ice scrapers, traffic crawling behind plows, and happy kids on careening sleds. TRT - :30 Video courtesy NASA Center Contact: Deanna Corridon 301/286/0041 HQ Contact: Dave Steitz 202/358-1730 ***************************** TV Producers: Please note all times, unless otherwise noted, are Eastern Time. This heads-up announces our most current line-up of stories on NASA's daily Video File feed. As we try to provide you the best, most current service possible, THE LINE-UP MAY CHANGE THROUGHOUT THE DAY. Any CHANGES TO THE LINE-UP WILL APPEAR ON THE NASA VIDEO FILE ADVISORY on the web at WE UPDATE THE ADVISORY THROUGHOUT THE DAY. The NASA Video File normally airs at noon, 3:00 p.m., 6:00 p.m., 9:00 p.m. and midnight Eastern Time. NASA Television is available on GE-2, transponder 9C at 85 degrees West longitude, with vertical polarization. Frequency is on 3880.0 megahertz, with audio on 6.8 megahertz. For general questions about the video file call NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Ray Castillo 202/358-4555 or Elvia Thompson 202/358-1696. *****************************

Contract Awards Contract awards are posted to the NASA Acquisition information Service Web site: ***************************** The NASA Daily News Summary is issued each business day at approximately 2 p.m. Eastern time. Members of the media who wish to subscribe or unsubscribe from this list, please send e-mail message to: ***************************** end of daily news summary