You are on page 1of 74

UC-NRLF

C 2 bD2 flVS
DOCUMENTS
mm^mmmimmMm

THE SHIPBUILDERS
Constructed During the. War
Under the DirtLiwn of

UNilED STAiLS. SHIPPING BOARD


EMERGENCY FLEET CORPORATION
PASSENGER TRANSPORTATION AND
HOUSING DIVISION

PHILADELPHIA, PA.
MCMXX
/ /J2j? ^ ^-zrt^
/Q^-ltcJQ-ni^

HOUSING
THE SHIPBUILDERS
Constructed During the War
Under the Direction of

UNITED STATES SHIPPING BOARD


EMERGENCY FLEET CORPORATION
PASSENGER TRANSPORTATION AND
HOUSING DIVISION

PHILADELPHIA, PA.
MCMXX
Cv
i
1

OK PI,

When America entered the Great War she found there existed a world-
wide ship famine. The enormous destruction by the German submarines
had forced the Allied Nations to recall their ships from the trade routes of
the world to transport and supply their armies in the field.

America undertook to place in France an army many times larger than


was ever before transported over seas, with the vast armament and supplies
required for a modern army.

Thousands of ships must be built for this purpose with all possible
speed if the war was to be won. The solution of this problem was placed
in the hands of the hastily created United States Shipping Board and the

Emergency Fleet Corporation.


All ships under construction were immediately requisitioned. Exist-
ing shipyards were extended, new yards built in all parts of the country
of a capacity and magnitude undreamed of before in the history of ship-
building.

Existing housing facilities were obviously inadequate to meet this


demand in addition to the needs of the many other Government war activ-
ities in same localities. The existing housing facilities in the sections of
the
Government activity were hopelessly inadequate and the construction of
housing was compulsory as an essential element in the successful prosecu-
tion of the shipbuilding program.

Congress appropriated ^75,000,000 to provide houses for shipbuilders.


Thirty-one housing developments were carried out, comprising 8648 dwell-
ings; 92 apartment buildings, containing 849 apartments and no stores;
94 dormitories, containing 3232 rooms; 5 hotels with a total of 1054 rooms;
and 6 boarding houses with 245 rooms.

Many of these houses have been sold individually to the shipbuilders


and the public on ten-year deferred payment plan. Some of the develop-
ments have been sold outright to Shipbuilding Companies whose plants
are permanent to house their employees. Others are being held by the
Emergency Fleet Corporation through local realty companies and are being
rented to the employees of the shipyards and to the general public.

The on the following pages show views and plans of the


illustrations

villages and the general character of the houses built. Many of the plans
were made by architects imbued with the "Garden City Idea," and, while

879
they are attractive for general suburban development, are too ambitious
and expensive for practical dwellings for the general run of workmen. Many-
valuable and helpful suggestions we believe, however, can be gathered from
the housing carried out by the Emergency Fleet Corporation in connection
with the war activities of the Government.

This publication does not assume to be a report of record of the work


of the Housing Division of the United States Shipping Board and Emer-
gency Fleet Corporation; but is the gathering together of only a few repre-
sentative drawings and photographs showing in general way the housing
provided for the accommodations of shipyard workers. These typical
examples will give an idea of the general character and scope of the results
accomplished in a new and difficult housing field. In general, the plans
and photographs shown are self-explanatory.
<
0.

w
Q
<
s

Pi

X
o
u
z
w

>

as

<
-J

o
PLOT PLAN
YORKSHIP VILLAGE CAMDEN, N. J.
SECOND FLO OIL PLAN TIK.ST FLOOR. PLAN

THREE-FAMILY HOUSE
YORKSHIP VILLAGE CAMDEN, N. J.
10

Q
<

W
H
C/3

o
<

X
«
o
11

THREE -FAMILY HOUSE

SECOND TLOOR. PIAN

FIKST FLOOT^ PLAN

THREE <-
TAMILY HOUSE
SccUe T r r ''° ^ Te^-t

rilLST FLOOB.. PLAN SECOND TIOOIL PLAN

THREE-FAMILY HOUSES
(See paces 6 and 8)
YORKSHIP VILLAGE CAMDEN, N. J.
12

o
o
s
-1
w
o
h
Z
o
z
3
o
o
-J

d. o
U z
Q O
< Q !2
-J
1= <

o
13

I LM WOOD

V
II
u
15

<

-; o
a: u

Q ="

o
16

<
<C B
X °

J 2

< ^
i:s o
X X
0^ I-
17

PLOT PLAN
NOREG VILLAGE GLOUCESTER, N. J.
18

O
^

o
u
OS
o
z
19

IIKJST nOOIC PL AM SECOND PIOOBOPLAN

SEMI-DETACHED HOUSES
BUCKMAN VILLAGE CHESTER, PA.
20

as"
U
H
(/)
u
K
(J

U
M
OS

<
us
u
D
n
21

BLOCK PL ATSr

PLOT PLAN
BUCKMAN VILLAGE CHESTER. PA.
22

<

w
H
U

H
Z
W
H
OS
<
<

<
OS

<
u
CQ
23

BUILDINGS GROUPED WITH A COMMON FORECOURT

FIE^T nOOE-PLAN SiCOS>!D TLOOB.'PLAN

FOUR-FAMILY APARTMENTS
BUCKMAN VILLAGE CHESTER, PA.
24

A STREET SCENE IN BUCKMAN CHESTER, PA.


Instead of Solid Rows of Houses a Block Length, the Houses are Built in Units of from Three to
in
Seven or Eight Houses. There are also Twin Houses.
5v courtesy of City Parks Association, Phi/a.

ENTRANCE TO A BACK ALLEY AT BUCKMAN CHESTER, PA.


By courtesy of City Parks dissociation, Phila.
25

-73' o-

t- V -•,'-<./ .

TIR^T TLOOK^PLAN SSCOi^JD TLOOE_-PXAN

FOUR-FAMILY ROW HOUSES


BUCKMAN VILLAGE CHESTER, PA.
26

u
H
(/:
U
X
u

lu

c/2
27

I
I

rilLST JLOOIUPLAJsr SECOKD ILOOIL. PLANT

THREE-FAMILY HOUSE
'SUN HILL" CHESTER, PA.
28
29

GARAGE ROW— "SUN HILL"

AN ALLEY IN "SUN HILL"


'SUN HILL" CHESTER, PA.
30

«
Ui
H
t/i
u
X
u

w
H
W

t/3

2:
D
31

BLOCK P LAN
,V/-/f7j* 1--,^--* - t-- I I Fc e t

PLOT PLAN
SUN VILLAGE CHESTER, PA.
32

!^^^^
/"^

PI RgP^LOOR^PLAN SECOND FLOOR. PLAN

SEMI-DETACHED HOUSES
SUN VILLAGE CHESTER, PA.
*%.
33

_-v-;

JJVIN& ROOM-

UVmq- %Q9M- 1MMNC 1

-* FIRJT FLOOICPI.AN SICOND FLOOJUPIAN

FOUR-FAMILY HOUSES
SUN VILLAGE CHESTER, PA.
34

z
o
H
O
z
s

V5

1/1
Z
w
Q
OS
<
o
u;

<
a,

Z
o
z
35

rr ,
jcale
O
I --^ -S
I
lO
I
IS
-I — Teef

rr.^-wT7i.
ll

.Vo>^V:;.,;,

FIRST FLOOR- PLAN SECOND FLOOR- PLAN

SEMI-DETACHED HOUSES
UNION PARK GARDENS WILMINGTON, DEL.
36

w
1/2

<
Q
Q
37

BLOCK PLAN °
Scale
"
fcid I T I f
"
I T=c=A-/eef

PLOT PLAN
DUNDALK, MD.
38

SEMI-DETACHED HOUSES
DUNDALK, MD.
39

STREET VIEWS
DUNDALK, MD.
40

I C A Ut I - I
• '

BLOCK PLAN ^^

PLOT PLAN
ATLANTIC HEIGHTS PORTSMOUTH, N. H.
41

FOUR,-FAMILY B.OW HOUSES

wi(^f»wmmw'n'gimmm^mm f'''fir7'

yiim^Bsmf^ mftivt\\T^fj}f^ieMw_^)mAif^mies}i^, :@K2:{rS'^-:

FlIUT- FLOOR. PLAN JETOND FLOOR. -PLAN

ATLANTIC HEIGHTS PORTSMOUTH, N. H.


42

STB^EET GKOUP

r
r^ /^ Fff^

:^
E^ .'^-.' U==jcv:^

BLOCK PLAN

ATLANTIC HEIGHTS
PORTSMOUTH, N. H.
This Interesting Grouping Resulted from the Recognition of a Large Natural Rock Out-crop

JUST Inside the Curb Line


43

SIMI -DETACHED HOUSES


o lo 20 _
Upcafe
5- IS^
, i-i U 1-1 L-i U t-i iJ FffT-
t-g-^^l-T

rilLST TLOOE-- PLAN SECOKD rLOOIL-PLAN

LORAIN, OHIO
44

*' i'V>'-,*

m.

SEMI - DETACHED HOUSES

rjRST FLOOR. PLAN SECOND FLOOR^PLAN

LORAIN, OHIO
45

buld's-eye view

BATH, MAINE
This Group was Built for Dormitory Purposes, so Planned as To be Convertible to Semi-
detached Houses.
(See page 47)
46

DETACHED HOUSE
(7-,o ^ -
i> coTe
I
5-
I
10
I
iff
I
aoxTv
Feei:
I

B£D :Rg5M
10-6 X.I+-0

: E

FIILST TLOOIC PLAN SECOND TLOOK, PLAK

BATH, MAINE
47

imifm mmWi..

FIRST- FLOOR. PLAN .5ECOND FLOOR-PLAN -

BATH, MAINE

(See page 45)


48

FOUR.~ FAMILY HOUSE


e t o s to is ao as-t
jcale .

riRST FLOOK PLAN SECOND FLOOR PLAN

SOUTH PHILADELPHIA, PA.


49

DETACHED HOUSE

LIVIKG- RfiOM

^ ^
TOUCB
It.-' •

7V )•-
uV

FIILST TLOOK PLAN

FLETCHER PARK SOUTH JACKSONVILLE, FLA.


50

DETACHED HOUSE

PORXH-
7-6" X- 26-o"

rilLST TLOOB. PLAN

FLETCHER PARK SOUTH JACKSONVILLE, FLA.


51

DETACHED HOUSE
=i-Jree

FIR.ST FLOOIL PLAN SECOND FLOOIL PLAN

WYANDOTTE, MICHIGAN
52

DETACHED HOUSE
s Id 15 ao ^
Scale. %n ' I I I I /'ee/

HgOil

I I I

riR5T FLOOIC PLAN SECOND FLOOIC PLAN

RIVERVIEW TERRACE
MANITOWOC, WIS.
33

Wi^lmmmmW.^i'iul%^^^^^^

DETACHED HOUSE
Scale T I I I -I y^a/-

:^BD

FIB_ST TLOOR, PLAN SECOND FLOOR- PLAJST

RIVERVIEW TERRACE MANITOWOC, WIS.


54

~r- r^-^- JrJ. i„^

J
,-*

y
'•

-^v .->„ .:=>

4 <

-J
<//c'<:iJ •

<yV/5ii^'z^^y^./// /( >

NEWBURGH, NEW YORK


55

SEMI-DETACHED HOUSE
"
firnlf ?^^f "
l f '
J ffP-tr

riRST FLOOB^ PLAN SECOND FLOOIC PLAN

NEWBURGH, NEW YORK


56

DETACHED HOUSE
f o 5 io IS ao jT -
J'

PIILST FLOOR. PLAN

SUISUN BAY
CLYDE, CALIFORNIA
57
14 DAY USE
RETURN TO DESK FROM WHICH BORROWED
DOCUMENTS DEPT.
This book is due on the last date stamped below, or
on the date to which renewed.
Renewed books are subject to immediate recalL

f<:AY g 5 1963

Rfm-t^Hm-
i'-zed in interiibrary oan

z
-»-+-
^^Wl-
juixum -

Ul
-tr

-y:
—^— CO
g^i u.
S" WAR 19'^98 E
CO
I n

CJ" 4^-
•JD

q: 3>
-tt- TO"
-<
Z z -o-

Loan
Rt.Mjiv ? d in !ntGrribriry
MAY 2 9 ?nnF
1 i19l^

JUN 2 9
— nr^^ IVreC'D
2005
General Library
1,D 21-20m-8,'61 University of California
(C1795sl0)476 Berkeley

"B
YE 05246