·BBrORB USING

AMEND AS PER ADDENDUM ENCLOSED

_. . -- I

i

.. -

ADDENDUM

The follow ng amendments have been tou-id necessary In view of new mf"rmat n whlc" has come to "and during the pflntlng of thIS took let As further information IS received, so

rI'VI ... d addend will te Issued .

"age Refere ce Action

S Index-AFV'! Amend Clast li"el

Index

15 57 57

Ammunition Total weight Total weight

-,

59 59 61 62 63 63

Amend

Elevation Depression line 14 Heading Heading Maximum fuse setting

Weight of Barre Minimum range Traverse Traverse

Range

Traverse

Weight Elevatio"

65 75 77 83 83 85 87 87 87 89 19

Ad"

"New Model Tank" to read "New Model Amphibious Tank".

Delete entire page and substitute with revised sheet enclosed.

'Rimless' read "Semi-Rimmed". "815 Ib" read "714 Ib".

"A total w.eight of 815 Ib is also reported; this may apply to weapons fitted with. steel wheels instead of the wooden type as shown.' 1116.030" read "15.82°".

tl12.020h read "11.85°".

"Qneumatic" read "sp·onge rubber filled". "2.95 m" to read "2.95 in".

"2.95 m" to read "2.95 .In",

1120 seconds" read "30 seeends",

Amendment

For

For For

For For For for For For

For "'3.45 lb' read "1320 Ib". For "98 yds" read "44 yds''. For H.l1.4S·" read "11.30°". For "45°1t read H40° ",

For ·"5-7000 yds" read "9000 yds". For "5617" read "40C)".

For "7700 ro" read "8225 Ib". For U400fl read "45°".

Under' "Elevation '-~"Trayer$e 36 e ", "Weight 6174 Ib",

"Traverse 6·"

Page Reference Action Amendment
89 Elevation Amend For "Estimated 55'" read "650".
89 Depression For "300" read "Sou.
89 Maximum range For "7000 metres" read "9600 yds".
91 Add "Weight 9130 ib".
91 "Traverse 30·"
91 Elevation Amend For "75°" read "6,50 ft.
91 Depression For "3Oou read "50".
91 Maximum range For "10,000 metres" read "13,000 ydsu•
95 Line 14 For "70 lb" read "20 Ib".
lOS Line 11 For "see page 96" read "see page 103".
119 Later Model Amend Delete entire lage and substitute with revised
Tankette sheet enclose
125 Line 2 For "it is not certain whether" read "but it Is
considered that".
125 Lines 2·3 For "earlier or fater model than" read "improved
version of".
125 Line 8 Oerere
126 New Model Amend Delete entire page and substitute with revised
Amphibious Tank sheet enclosed.
U7 New Model Delete entire page and substitute with revised
Amphibious Tank sheet enclosed. '
138 Heading For "light Type Respirator' , read UType 99 Army
Respirator".
139 Heading Fo, "Light Type Respirator" read "Type 99 Army
Rcspirator~'.
140 Heading For "Standard Type Respirator" read "Type 9S
Army Respirator",
141 Heading F~r "Sfandard Type Respirator" read "Type 95
Ar.y R.spir.toru. P~l:e Reference

141 Line 3

144 Heading

145 Heading

146 Heading

147 Heading

155 Sub-para (d)

162 Toxic Smoke Generators

162 162 162 162 163

163 Line 4

163 Line 16

164 Diameter

164 Weight

164 Charging

165 Heading

165 Diameter

165 Charging

Action Amendmenl

Amend For "Canister" read "Container".

For "Type 93 No. 2 Respirlrtor" read "Type 93 No, 2 Naval Respirator",

For "Type 93 No.2 Respirator" read "Type 93 No, 1 Naval Respirator".

For 'Type 93 No, 3 Respirator" read "Type 93 No, 3 Naval Respirator",

For .. "Type 93 No. 3 Respirator" ruel "Type 93 No. 3 Naval Respirator",

For "Use unknown" read "This it known as 'fire . rope' and is ignited for u ... s a marker at night".

For 'Large DC Type" read "p'robable Type 97

Medium".

For 'Type 167K' read "Type 99 Self-Projecting". For "161 2K" read "Type 98 Self-Projecting",

For 'Type 1 3EA" read "Type 98 Small",

For '1411A" read "Type 99 Medium",

Cenerator type numbers to be amended as per page 162,

Add A,ter "220 mm (8.7 in)" add "larger specimens also

;eported".

Arne-id For (5.35 in)" read "(6,9 In)",

For (2.13 in)' read "(2.08 in)", For "(2.84 lbs l read "(2,72 Ib);', A'tel 'HCE" add .. (Hexachlorethane) ".

For "Type 94A Smoke Generator" read 'Type 94A Small Smoke Cenerator",

For "(2,13 in)" read "(2,08 In)",

Add ter CTC" add .. (Carbon tetrachloride)'"

Refer .... e~ Hearhng

r'l!~ 166

167

Heading

167 167 167

Length Charging Note

168

Heading, He'ading

169

169 169

Charging Note

Charging Crarglng Line 6 Heac! ng

171 173 175 176

177

,177 .178

1'79 119 110

Head" g

Line 4 Heading

Heading

Un" 8

Heading

; Amend

I'.dn Add

Amend

Add Add

Ad<i

Amend

Add

For

Amendment "Smok .. Generator-White Sand" 94 Small Smoke Generator (A i ",

"Smoke Generator-White Sand" 94 Small Smoke Generator (A)".

read "Type

For

For After

·'(~.35 in)" read 1'''(6 .. 9 in)",

"CTC" add ("Carbon tetrachloride''',

Tt',; item is IdcnticaT in (leslgn an(1 flll"'~ w.rh the generator shown on Rage 165'

"Type 94 Moder S Smoke Float" read "Type 94 Floating Smoke Cenerator (B) ",

'Type 94 Model B Smoke Float" read "Type 94 Floating Smoke. Generator (B) ",

"HCE" add" (Hexachlorethane) ",

"'. is considered that the letter "S" e+ers to the fling I HCE) rather than to a varrat on In mode or design."

',CSA Mixture add "IChlorsulphonic Acidl", "CTC. add" Carbon tetrachloride I",

CAP' add .. (Chloracetophenone) "

2K I..achrymatory Generator" read "Type 89 S all Llichymatory Cenerator",

K Lachrymatory Generator" read "Type 89 Small Lachymatory Generator".

AP' add "( Chloracetophenone) h,

AP Hand Crcnade" read "Lachrymatory Hand Crenad ....

CAP Hand Grenade" read "Lachrymatory Hand Grenade", '

'Chemical filling" add "( Chlo,acetoph"none Solution) ",

"HCN Hand GreiH.de" rad "I'rusf.lc "'~Id (HeN) Ha"d er .. lI .. d ....

For

For

After

After After After

For

For

After For

P.~e Referenc. Action Amendment·
181 Headi"g Amend For "HCN ,Hand Grenade" read "Prussic Acid
(HeN) Hand Crehade",
182 Heading rOI "HCN Hand Grenade" read "'Prussic Acid
(HeN) Hand Crenade".
182 Sub heading Delpte "Types I72C·K and 172B·K",
182 Sub he eding Oelflte "Type. 172CK and 172B-K".
183 Headirig For "HCN Hand Grenade" read "Prussic Acid
(HeN) Hand Crenade".
185 Colour Amen<j For "Unknown read 'Unpainted bras. body".
185 Colour bands ror "Unknown" read "None".
188 Heading For "50 mm (I 97 .n Mortar (Smoke or Ineen
dlaz Bomb" read "50 mm (1.97 ini 10 Year
Mo el, Type A Flare".
189" Headrng For "50 mm 11.97 inl Mortar (Smoke or Incen
dlaz Bomb" read "50 mm 11.97 inl 10 Yur
Mo el, Type A Flare".
189 Colour For "Unknown" read "Unpainted brass body".
189 Colour banos For "Unknown" read "None".
189 Chargi')g " , For 'HCE' read II Potassium nitrate Ind alum.nium
p,!wd"r". JAPANESE

EQUIPMENT

Encountered in South Pacific and South West Pacific Areas

NOT TO BE PUBLISHED

The information contained in this book is not to be communicated either directly or indirectly to the Press, or to any person not holding an official

position in the Allied Forces.

. G.S. (InU

Adv. Hq, Allied Land Forces SWPA

Page 1

c--y ~JO.

r e w 0 r

THE first edition of this booklet was published in July. 1943.

Constant demands for further copies and a wealth of additional information has warranted the production of this second edition.

It provides a quick and easy reference to' equipment used by the Japanese, and, with distribution down to section leaders, should enable every soldier to become completely familiar with the. weapons he has to meet.

Intelligence is always on the look out for new types of equipment, Early information enables us to devise counter measures: often, too, it gives us information concerning enemy shortages in raw materials. With a knowledge of the latter it may be possible further to increase the enemy's difficul ties In obtaining such materials.

The compilation and the value of this and future productions depends upon your continuing to send In promptly every piece of enemy equipme T that comes Into your hands.

Page 2

IN DE X

6.5 mm L256 in) Meiji 38 LMG's:
6.5 mm Li56 in) Taisho 11
( 1905). I nfantry Rifles .. 14-15 . (1922) "Na'mbu" LMG 38,39'
6.5 mm (.256 in) Meiji 44
(1911 ) Carbine 16,17 6.5 mm L256 in) Type 96
7.7 mm (.303 in) Type 99 ( 1936) LMG 40,41
( 1939) Infantry Rifle 18,19 7.7 mm U03 in) Type 99
( 1939) LMG 42,43
GRENADES: HMG's:
H-E Hand Grenades .. 20,21 7.7 mm (.303, in) Type 92
Rifle Grenades and Pouch 22,2? ( 1932) "Juki" HMG 44,45
Hollow Charge Rifle Grenade 24,25 ,
Pull Type Hand Grenade 26,27 INFANTRY RANGE FIN~ERS:
Stick Grenade 28,29 40 'ern Base Fange Finder 46,47
Page 3 PISTOLS:

8 mm (,315 in) Type 14 Page No.

Automatic Pistol 8,9

8 mm L315 in) Type 94

( 1934) Automatic Pistol 10, 1 1

9 mm L35 in) Type 26

"Smith and Wesson" Type

Revolver 12, 13

RIFLES:

GRENADE AND FLARE DISCHARGERS:

50 mm (1.97 in Type- 89 (1929) Grenade Discharger 10 Year Type Flare Discharger

Flares . .

Page No. 30,31 32,33 34,:35

SMG's:

7.63 mrn (.30 in) "5010-

thurn" SMG .. 36, 37

INDEX-Continued

DUAL PURPOSE AA-TkA WEAPONS: AA EQUIPMENT:
13 mm 1.52 in) Type 93 Page No. 10 cm Model 1929 AA Page No.
No.3 Twin Barrel AA- TkA Binoculars 68,69
Gun 48,49 INFANTRY GUNS:
20 mm (.79 in) Type 98
( 1938) AA-TkA Gun .. 50,51 70 mm (2.76 in) Type 92
25 mm (,98 in) Triple Barrel ( 19.32) Battalion Gun 70,71
AA-TkA Gun 52, 53 75 mm (2.95 in) Type 41
(1908) Regimental Gun. 72,73
TANK ATTACK WEAPONS:
20 mm (.79 in) Type 97 MORTARS:
(1937) TkA Gun .. 54, 55 50 mm (1.97 in) Type 98
37 mm ( 1.4 in) Type 94 ( 938) Discharger 74,75
(1934) TkA Gun .. 56,57 70 mm .2.76 in) Taisho 11
37 mm ( 1.4 in) Type 97 (1922) Mortar 76, 77
( 1937) Rapid Fire .Cun 58,59 81 mm (3.19 in) Type 99
47 mm (1.58 in) Type 01 ( 1939) Small Mortar 78,79-
TkA Gun 60.61 90 mm (3.54 in) Type 94
(1934) light Mortar 80,8}
AA WEAPONS: 75 mm (2.95 in) Type 83

(1928) Mobile AA Gun. 62-63 8 cm Taisho 10 '1921 H g

Angle Gun 6 • 65

2 metre Base, Height and

Range Finder 66, 67

Page 4

ARTILLERY:

~5 'TIm (2.95 in) Type 94 1934)'Mountain Gun 105 mm (4.1 in) Type 91

(1931) Light Field

Howitzer .. ,.

82,83

84, 85

C5 mm (4.1 in) Type 92 1932) Field Gun

150 mm (5.9 in) Fourth Year Type (1915) Howitzer

150 mm (5.9 in) Type 96 (1936) Howitzer

TILLERY EQUIPMENT:

Artillery Prime Mover

Model 2 Field Telephone . Model 92 Field Telephone Type 94 No. 5 Model 32

Transmitter

Type 94 No.5 Model 32

Receiver .

Type 94 Mk 1 WalkyTalky Wireless ..

Page No.

86,87

INDEX-Continued

88,89 90,91

92,93

98,99 100,101

102,103 104,105

106,107 108,109 110,111

FLAME THROWERS:

Type 93 (1933) Flame Thrower

FIELD EQUIPMENT:

"Ishii" Water Filter

AFV's

Early Model Tankette Later Model Tankette Recent Model Light Tank Recent Model Medium Tank Variation of the Recent

Model Medium Tank New Model Tank ..

MLCs

Daihatsu (Army) Large MLC Toku Daihatsu Special Large MLC ..

Yammasen (Sampan) Cargo

Type Barge Shohatsu (small type) Hydroplane

Tiller Type e-

Page No. 112,113

114,115

116,117 118,119 120,121 122,123

124,125 126,127

128 129 130 131 132 '133

tNE5-BOMBS AND DEMOLITIONS:

Type 93 ( 1933) Land Mine 94, 95

Anti-Invasion Mine. . 96, 97

Type 99 (1939) Magnet-

ized AP Bomb ..

Bangalore Torpedoes

SICNALS:

Page 5

CollapsibleRubber Boats Collapsible Assault Craft Picket Boat

Motor Torpedo Boat

CHEMICAL WARFARE: light Type 8-espirator Standard Type Respirator Standard Type Respirator

Accessories

Type 93 No. 2 Respirator Type 93 No. 3 Respirator Civilian Respirator No. 1 A Civilian Respirator No. 2 Decontamination Equipment Gas Satchel

Paper Cape

Light Anti-Gas Su t • Heavy Rubber SUIt . Toxic Smoke Generators

, Type 99 Self Projecting Smoke Generator

Page 6

Page No.

INDEX-Continued

Page No.

134 135 136 137

Type 94A Smoke Generator 165

Smoke Generator White

Band 166, 167

Type 94B Model B Smoke

Float .. 168, 169

CSA Smoke Float

10kg Smoke Generator

Lachrymatory Generator,

Small Type '.

162K Lachrymatory

. Generator

CAP Hand Grenade

C Hand Grenade TB Type

C Hand Grenade

170,171 172,173

174, 175

176,177 178, 179 180,181 182,183 184, 185 186, l87

138,139 140,141

142. 143 144,145 146.147 148.149 150,15' 152,153 '54 155 56- 5- 5 159 6~ 16

162.163

164

Smoke Hand Grenade ..

G ass Grenade-Smoke .. 50- mm (1.97 in) (Smoke or

Incendiary) 'Mortar Bomb 188, 189 Smoke. or Incendiary Hand

Grenade-Stick Type 190, 191

Page 7 •

AN ACKNOWLEDCEM ENT

It is desired to acknowledge and to express- appreciation to tn" following from r cse technical reports the descriptions in this book have peen largely extracted:-

MO (CW) LHQ

G Armoured Corps LHQ D of A LHQ

E in C LHQ

SO in C LHQ

MGO LHQ

2/1 Aust Chemical Laboratories Munitions Supply Laboratories War Office LONDON

MID GHQ IND A

MID War Department WASHINGTON USN

MEIU No.1 USN CICSOPAC JICPOA

Ordnance Intelligence Section USASOS Ordnance Intelligence USAFISPA

42 U.S. Chemica! Laboratory Company Counter Intelligence Units

and to the officers and men of field units, FS Secs, Counterlhtelligence l,j,nits and Salvage Units, who recognising the 'value of this equipment·, collected it and returned quickly for examination.

8 mm (,315 in) TYPE 14 AUTOMATIC PISTOL

BLADE FORESIGHT

SAFETY LEVER

STOCK RETAINING SCREw

!Remove on commencement o+ stnpp~ng'

Page 8

8 mm (,315 in) TYPE 14 AUTOMATIC PISTOL

An accurate, high velocity, service automatic. Whilst· resembling the 7.65 mm LUGER in size, appearance and balance, it lias a mechanism which is entirely different from that of any other pistol.

This pattern has been manufactured in Japan for' many years, and normally is far superior in finish than those being produced under present wartime conditions. Previously this pistol was fitted with an adjustable rear sight and could be fired from the shoulder by means of a special butt attachment.

CHARACTERISTICS:

Calibre Weight

Length, overall Length 'of barrel . Si.ghts .

Magazine capacity Ammunition

8 mm L31~) 2 Ib (approx) 9 in

4-} in (jn'c1 chamber) Fixed (open)

8 rounds

Rimless

SCALE OF ISSUE Most commissioned and non-commissioned offi r

8 mm (.315 in) TYPE 94 (1934) AUTOMATIC PISTOL

BARREL CASING

LOCKING PIECE

CROSS BOLT

MAGAZINE 'CATCH

Page 10

SAFE

FIRE

8 mm (.315 in) TYPE 94 (1934) AUTOMATIC PISTOL

This weapon is a short-recoil operated, magazine-fed, self-loading, semiautomatic service pistol. Its type number indicates original production in 1934, but a weapon of the same type manufactured in January, 1941, shows no improvements Ir modifications, ' •

. Unlike other Japanese automatits which follow the Luger in 'general design" this weapon is more closely coupled and although smaller, resembles the Amerrcan H1911 .45 in pistol,

CHARACTERISTICS:

Calibre S mm ()15 in) Sights Fixed (open)
Wejght ( less Magaz ine
ammunition) , lb 10it DZS capacity 6 rounds
I ength overall 7} in Ammunition Ball ( rimless)
length of barrel 325/32 in
A.ction Short re'coi I Rifling 6 grooves, RH This pistol is a well-balanced, but crudely finished weapon, The ~r., I II

I service to which It. is issued, is not known, but it is thought pas Ibl. th It thl pan is a p rwnal arm issued to Army or Navy Air Corps pN~OIH1' I

p

II

9 mm ('354'in) TYPE 26 "SMITH AND WESSON'~ TYPE REVOLVER.

FORESIGHT

F,{AME LOCK SCREW

HAMMER 'AND STRUT

PIVOT DISCS

PIVOT PIN

HINGED LEFT SIDE PLATE

REMOVABLE/" STOCK

Page 12

9 mm (,354 in) TYPE 26 "SMITH AND WESSON" TYPE . 'REVOLVER

Corresponding closely in appearance to the well-known hinged; break-down old SMITH and WESSON type, this weapon is a double-action, single shot, breachloading revolver, having a six chambered cylinder revolving on a central axis. This weapon, is muzzle heavy and is fired by means of a strong Jrigger pull. Although not positive in alignment, the cylinder will revolve witn each. pull on the trigger and six shots may be fired before reloading is necessary,

·CHARACTERISTICS:
Calibre 9 mm (,354 in) Twist Uniform right hand
Weight unloaded 2.),- Ib Chambers 6
Length, overall . 8t in Sights Blade foresight
Length of Barrel 4_69 in
No. of lands 4 Action .Doubla
..
- No. of grooves .. 4 Ammunition Ball (thin rimmed) Of conventional design, this weapon is sturdily made and is issued principally to Japanese 'officers and NCO's as a side arm.

Page 13

6.5 mm (,256 in) MEIJI 38 (1905) INFANTRY RIFLES

6.5 mm (,256 in) MEIJI 38 (1905) INFANTRY RIFLES

AMMUNITION IbS mm - L)6 i n l

IRED BAND- BALLI

SAFETY CATCH

I STANDARD INFANTRY BAYONET

SHORT RIFLE

Overall length 3 2~

~lAY BE ATTACHED TO EITHER RIFLE

Page 14

These two rifles are the standard issue to Infantry. Although several other types are in use, the "MEIJ I 38" has been the most frequently encountered to date.

Whilst an e~treme range of. 2,400 metres is claimed for the long rifle and 2,000 metres for the short rifle, indications are that they are only accurate .to 500 yards.

Since a more modern type 'of rifle has been captured, r.e., 7.7 Type 99, it is considered that eventually the long and short "'MEIJ I 38" will be supplanted by the Type 99.

CHARACTERISTICS:

Calibre

Length overall ,

65 mm (256 in) Long 4 (t 21 In Short .3 (t 21 In

Lon 8 Ib 1'2 ozs (without bayonet)

Short 8 Ib (without bayonet)

Fixed, vertical box

5 rounds

'Mauser type fitted with removable dust cover

Ldd,d~r type backsight graduated toLong-400-2,400 mett ss Short-400-2,000 metres

Ammunition Rimless, nitro-cellulose filled

BAYONET: Sword type; length overall 20 in; weight 13 oz. No "Boss" is provided, bayonet ring fits over end of barrel.

Weight, ,

Ma@!zlne , Magazine capacity Bolt ,

Sights

Page 15

'.'

6.5 mm (,256 in) MEIJI 44 (1911) CARBINE

6.5 mm (,256 in) MEIJI 44 U911) CARalNE

BAYONET IN EXTENDED POSITION

(When bayonet In rear posr tron l

BAYONET IN FOLDW POSITION

lAY J r

STA"DARD LOCKING STUD

(Whet"- bavor-e j xtcr"dt!d position)

SLING SWIVEL

Page 16

This rifle, although similar in action and general design to. the "MEIJ I 38" has several modifications. A permanently attached folding bayonet has been added to the normal "MEIJ I 38" infantry rifle, combined with a -shor tening of the stock, barrel and backsight. The weapon in general appearance and workmanship is

uperior to any Japanese rifle previously examined.

CHARACTERISTICS:

Calibre 65 mm (,256 in) Length of barrel 19.37 in
Weight 8.75 Ib Rifling Uniform RH
Overall length
(bayonet folded) 38 in Magazine capacity 5 rounds
Overall length Sights 400-2,000 metres
Ibayonetextended) 51.63 in The tapered, spike-type bayonet, which is grooved top and bottom, is hinged the bayonet base. The bayonet bas . which is also the nose cap of the rifle is fitted with two bayonet standards, one at rear-locking in folded position and another t the front locking in extended posit ion.

The cleaning rod, instead of being housed in the forward end of stock, as with the "MEIJI 38", is housed in a recess drilled in the butt of the rifle.

Page 17

7.7 mm (,303 in) TYPE 99 (1939) INFANTRY RIFLE

AMMUNITION

7 7 mm - ,303 In

BUTT PLATE

• STANO"O /N>ANTRY 'AYONET 1

I ----

I -t

l ATTACHED IN NORMAL MANNER

Page 18

7.7 mm (.303'in) TYPE 99· (1939) INFANTRY RIFLE

The general appearance of this rifle is similar to the familiar 65 mm "MEIJ I 38" but slight modifications have been incorporated making it easier handled and a better finished weapon. A wire mono pod is fitted to the lower band and rotates torward to catch on the stock when not in use.

Hinged wings 2J in long are attached to left and right side of the backsight lide, providing "lead" when engaging moving targets.

CHARACTERISTICS:

Calibre

Length overall Weight (unloaded)

with sling Magazine Magazine capacity

7,7 mm (,303 in) 3 ft 8 in

Bolt Action-"Mauser" type-fitted with removable dust cover.

Sight- . Ladder type backsight graduated from 300- 1.500 metres Muzzle velocity-2.360 fps Ammunition-Rimless

8.8 Ibs

Fixed. vertical box 5 rounds

A ring aperture sight has replaced the V battlesight. Sling swivels are mounted on the left side.

The magazine cover is hinged at the forward end preventing complete removal I, n the magazine retaining catch is disengaged.

US .. 30 in, British .303 in and 7.7 mm "JUKI" ammunition will not II! l h.s rifle.

Page 19

'. HE-HAND CRENADES

HE-HAND CRENADES .

TYPE 97

TOP VIEW

NEW IMPROVED TYPE I"KISKA"J

Page 20

'.ASH CUARD

Types 91 and 97 are simil~r in appearance, size and approximate weight. , They are noisy and fragmentation is poor.

TYPE 91 (Recessed Base Type) : May be thrown by hand, or flred, by means of a finned attachment screwed into the base, from the rifle (see page 23), or, plus the addition of a ballistite propellant charge screwed into the base, from the Type 89 Grenade Discharger (see page 31) and 10 Year Type Flare Discharg r (see page 33), The fuse delay is approximately 7 to 8 seconds.

TYPE 97 (Solid Base Type) : Designed solely for use as a hand grenade. ruse delay is approximately 4 to 5 seconds.

CHARACTERISTICS TYPES 91 and 97: Length 4 in (including fuse). diameter 77 mm (1.94 in) weight 1 Ib (approx l .

NEW IMPROVED riPE (KISKA): Has a smooth, non-segmented body and 11 Improved type of fuse. A flash guard is built round the base of the fuse and no I ming screw is fitted as with Types 91 and 97 ..

CHARACTERISTICS: Length 3-} in Unci fuse), diameter Ig in, weight 10 o (aoproxl ,

TO THROW: Ensure that grenade is armed. Grasp grenade with fuso pOI"IillK downwards. Withdraw safety pin. Strike head of fuse cover sl1arply ngall1sl h.lr" biect driving striker into percussion cap. Throw grenade.

WARNING: OWING TO ERRATIC BEHAVIOUR OF FUSES. (AI L MU T III TAKEN TO THROW IMMEDIATELY HEAD OF GRENADr HA Illll-.J IIWCK.

Pl1i:821

RIFLE CRENADE AND POUCH

RIFLE CRENADE AND POUCH

FUSE

r to be armed before plaCIng over adapter)

TAIL FIN

! locks around foresIght block)

SMOKE CR~NADE

Pa'ge 22

When firing from the rifle, a finned tail piece is screwed into the ba of th

~renade. Housed in each tail piece is a specially prepared cartridge Thi cer trrdge I Ballastite filled and fitted with a wooden bullet shaped plug of 6.5 IT'~ 256 ,J calibre, This plug is not removed when cartridge is loaded into the breach

PREPARATION FOR FIRING: Place adapter over muzzle of rifle. RCla! rn clockwise direction approximately quarter turn, causing foresight block to ng

rn adapter locking recess.

Remove cartridge from grenade tail piece and load into breech Plac gr n I. over ·adapter. Fire rifle in normal manner for discharging grenades.

HE GRENADE: Before firing, make sure grenade is armed and f ty II

1'1oved. Shock of explosion on base of grenade will drive striker into percu I I'

SMOKE GRENADE (NON TOXIC) : Weight, 1.29 lb.

There is no fuse to .this grenade, action is' started by the II " ,I car tridge.

I, •

HOLLOW-CHARGE RIFLE GRENADE

BALLISTIC CAP

SECTION

COLOUR BAND IYellowl

HOLLOW CONE

GRENADE ADAPTER

RIFLE STOCK

BASE PLATE VING BANDS

Page 24, '

HOLLOW-CHARGE RIFLE GRENADE

This Japanese Rifle Grenade is a cOPY. of the German G Pzgr or possibly the rger GR Gpzgr. The grenade incorporates the "MUNRO" or hollow-charge principle j is fired from an adapter which is attached to the standard infantry rifles. This hollow char.ge principle has also been found incorporated in projectiles for the 75 111m Type 41 Regimental Gun.

CHARACTERISTICS:

Length, overall . 7.08 in Weight of body
Length of body ( less ballistic
( less ballistic cap) 4.61 oz
cap) 3.218 in Weight of fuse
Length of fuse housing deton-
housing 3.124 in ator 4.03 oz
Weight complete 12.45 oz Primer and Filling Cycionite TNT The grenade was fired statically against a mild steel block and a penen nuon

H inch in length and a -} inch in diameter at the top of penetration w til.

, ulr. The cone appeared to have' melted and fused with the mild t· I block

Page 25

PULL TYPE HAND CRENADE

Page 26.

FIRIN( ST I FRICTION IC IT[ MATCH COMPO;ITIOt< COVrR THLM

"_EA

DELA'y TRAlt< 151 SEC)

\

.DEl r-.A'

LEAD COVER

PULL TYPE,HA.ND CRENADE

This grenade is easily distinguished by It! outward appearanc longitudinal serrations as with Types "91 and 97", but has five tr~ ver On one side, fitted top ana bottom, are two metal rings which could be carrymg a number of grenades attached to the person, or for ancronng gr

use as a booby trap. .

CHARACTERISTICS:

Length overall 3-~ in. Weigth of body 14.4 oz
Length of fuse Weight of filling . 1.4 oz
cover .. 1 in Type of explosive Granular TNT
Diameter of body 2 in
Diameter of cover H in Body material .. Cast Iron
Weight complete 15.8 oz Cover material». Lead OPERATION: To remove the lead cover, the cover thumb release catch, I II. side must be depressed. The cover then screws off in one and a half turns, the firing string. When the firing string is pulled, -it draws a friction two pieces of match composition and ignites it. The match in turn and a half second delay train which initiates the detonator thu main charge.

Pnsc 27

STICK GRENADE

CORD

I r

SET SCREW DETONATOR

RING (cord attached)

Page 28

STICK CRENADE

A complete case of these grenades was found covered by other ammunition in a dump at LAE. Although well packed, the major)ty of the grenades were rusted and the packing damp. This incident may possibly substantiate previous reports of the grenade being obsolete.

CHARACTERISTICS:

Length (overall) n in Weight of body 14 oz
Length of body . 2Jin Weight of filling . 3 oz
Weight of handle
Diameter of body 1 5/16 in and cap 1 oz
Colour Black Total weight .. 19 oz This grenade is similar in. appearance and operation to the German "Potato Masher", but it differs in size, being almost twice as large. The body of the Japanese gr.enade is designed to give high fragmentatio'n, whilst the German grenade provides less fragmentation and produces a high blast effect.

OPERATION: The screw cap is removed from the handle, exposing a ring with •. cord attached. When the cord is pulled, it draws a friction igniter between two pieces of match composition and fires them. The match in turn ignites the delay train. The delay train detonates a cap initiating the main charge of pi.cric compound.

WARNING: This fus~ may be erratic in operation-THROW GRENADE IMMEDIATELY IT HAS BEEN IGNITED.

50 mm (1.97 in) TYPE 89 (1929) CRENADE DISCHARCER

_ RIFLED . BARREL

BARREL CATCH

P~ge 30

RANCE CONTROL

HAND CRENADE SCALE

~At t ISTIT[ (t~/\r'r.t

BALlIST'TE ATTACHMENT

/1 U::I Iyp nf grenade fired from this dl\d 'lr -r Fdl1ngisTNTwithaType88 fll fll!,d Usually named Type 89 "(',,:'1(1,,,

2 rill I u11ilJr type of grenade to the

fypf' kl) tn appearance Differences lx-r.. fdl'r1',: possrbrv smoke compound. .nil 1 new Type, air burst fuse IS fitted. I!'I !\fl'e)1 Hand Grenade, With balhsIllf II I"rhmcnt provides the third type A tin If grf'nude see page 21

50 mm (1.97 in) TYPE 89 (1929) CRENADE

DISCHARCER .

One of the weapons most frequently used by the Japanese for close support.

Also employed during Landing Operations being fired from the gunwale of landing craft. This weapon is NOT to be fired from the thigh .

CHARACTERISTICS:

Filling TNt

Range-

Type 89 Grenade: 120-650 metres ( 1 30-710 yards approx ) .

Type 91 Hand Grenade: 40-190 metres (44-210 yards approx)

Calibre 50 mm ( 1.97 in)
Weight 10 Ib 1 oz
Length, overall . 23,8 in
Rifling 8 grooves RH
Bomb 23 oz RANGE CONTROL: The worm protruding into the barrel provides a moveable top for the bomb. Rotation of the range control knob, by raising or lowering the worm, varies the chamber capacity thereby altering the range.

TO FIRE: The weapon is fired in the prone position as with British 2 in Mortar. With the base plate on the ground discharger is held with the LEFT hand t a constant angle of 45:. Sighting by a vertical red line on the barrel, distance is ludged and range set accordingly. Grenade IS then dropped down the barrel (safety pm removed) and fired by pulling lanyard.

Page 31

10 YEAR TYPE FLARE DISCHARCER

FLARE GREEN TRIPLE SHOOTING ~TAR

BARREL

FIRING POSITION

PLATE

POSITIONING THREAD

LENGTH IN CARRYllG POSITION

1 J 0 ~ In

LENGTH IN FIRING POSITION

20 RH It,

Page 32

10 YEAR TYPE FLARE DISCHARCER

.

This weapon is a small, light, smooth-bore mortar with a trigger;operated firing mechanism.

CHARACTERISTICS:

The ,gene'ral appearance of this weapon in firing position is similar to that of the Type 89 Grenade Discharger (see page 31).

Calibre 50 mrn (1.97 in)

Length of bore 8.81 in

Length (carrying

position) 12,63 in

Length (firing position / Weight

Range

20.88 in

5,5 Ib , ,

40.-200 metres

. (estimated)

The weapon is fired with the base plate resting on the ground. The pedestal may be removed, as shown on opposite page, and carried inside the barrel, screwed to a threaded collar on the base plate for compactness. A Type 91 Fragmentation Grenade. may be fired from this weapon, with a ballistite charge screwed into the recessed base, Range adjustment is made by a gas regulator which controls a gas port located at' the rear end of the barrel. Types of flares fired' from this discharger me reported on page 35,

Page 33

FLARES

MARKINGS IDENTIFYING CONTENTS (Single. double. or triple starsl

IDENTIFICATION NAME PLATE

CARDBOARD FLARE CONTAINER

Page 34

FLARES

These flares may be fired from the 10 Year Type Flare Discharger (see page 33) or the Type 89 Grenade Discharger (see page 31).

COLOUR MARKINCS AND USE:

1. BLACK DRAGON: Long range day signal; black smoke; black parachute; 'black band and black top.

2. WHITE PARACHUTE STAR: Long range night signal; white puff; white parachute; white band and white circle enclosing a white square on top.

3. WHITE SINGLE SHOOTING STAR: Close r ange signal; one white puff; white band on centre of body; one white square on top.

4. WHITE DOUBLE SHOOTING STAR: Close range signal; two white puffs; two white bands on centre of body; two white squares on top.

5. WHITE TRIPLE SHOOTING STAR: Close range signal; three white puffs; three white bands on centre of body; three white squares on top.

6. YELLOW DRAGON: Long range day signal; orang" puff; orange parachute; yellow band and yellow top.

7. GREEN PARACHUTE STAR: Long range night ignal: green puff; green parachute; green band on centre of body and green triangle on top.

8. GREEN SINGLE SHOOTING STAR: Close rang signal; one green puff; one white band on body; green triangle on a green top.

9. GREEN DOUBLE SHOOTING STAR: Close rang signal; two green puffs; two green bands on body; two green triangles on a green top.

10. GREEN TRIPLE SHOOTING STAR: Close range ignal; three green puffs; three green bands on body; three green triangles on a green top.

11. RED PARACHUTE STAR: Long range night signal; red puff ; red parachute; red band and red top.

12. RED TRIPLE SHOOTING STAR: Close range signal; three red puffs; three red bands on body; three red circles on red top. These identifications are the only colour markings known to date.

Page 35

MAGAZINE

7.63 mm (,30 in) "SOLOTHURN'~ SMC

BODY .

ING BACK

I

BACK SIGHT SAFETY CATCH

Page 36

TENSION SCREW

7.63 mm (,30 in) "SOLOTHURN" SMG

The only SMG captured to date from the Japanese in SWP 'and SP· Areas . . Weapon is of German manufacture and was made under the terms of the Versailles Treaty, which prevented Germany from manufacturing weapons of 9 mm military calibre. To surmount this restriction, however, weapon was so designed that the 7.63 mm barrel could be removed and a 9 mm barrel substituted, ~ithout any .modification of the weapon. A standard Infantry bayonet may be fitted.

CHARACTERISTICS:

Automatic action is initiated by projection of spent case and return spring.

Bolt is not locked and works on a blow bad principle.

Calibre 7.63 mm (.30 in) Capacity 30/32 rounds
Length 32-} in 1 ype of fire Single/ Automatic
Magazine. Horizontal box-tyP Rate of fire 700 rpm
Weight (without Sights Open
magazine) .. 9} Ib Sight range 0-500 metres CHANGE LEVER: Operation is similnr to that of the .. Bren LMG".

INTERPRETATION OF LETTERS: "E" Einzig (German) means single (repetition). "D" Doppel (German) means double (Automatic).

Page 37

6.5 mm (,256 in) TAISHO 11 (1922) "NAMBU" LM

HOPPER RELEASE CATCH

FORESIGHT

FEED HOPPER

ER COVER HANDLE

CYLINDER

SAFETY CATCH

LEATHER HAND GUARD (asbestos lined)

COCKING HANDLE

Page 38

6.5 mm (,256· in) TAISHO 11 (1922) "NAMBU" LMC

Although being replaced gradually by the Type 96 LMG and the more recent type 99 LMG, the Taisho II is still frequently encountered. Weapon may be identified by its unusually shaped butt and a hopper-type feed.

CHARACTERISTICS:

Gun is gas operated, air cooled, bipod mounted and shoulder controlled. The method of feed, consists of a hopper attached to the LEFT side of the· body. An obvious weakness is the- unprotected "Lewis" type ejector which is liable to damage.

Calibre 6.5 mm (.256 in) Practical rate of

Weight 22 Ib 7 oz. fire

Type of fire Sights

1 20 rpm (approx l Automatic only Back sight gradu-

ated from 300- 1500 metres

As fired from the rifle

Length overall .

43} in

30 rounds (6 clips of 5 rounds)

Hopper capacity

Maximum rate of fire .

Ammunition

500 rpm

PREPARATION FOR FIRING: Rai e cover of feed hopper and insert six clips of cartridges. Bring down hopper cover, so that it bears against the uppermost clip. Pull back cocking handle until bent of piston engages with sear. Gun is now cocked. Carry cocking handle fully forward. Gun is now ready for firing.

Page 39

6.5 mm, (,256 in) TYPE 96 (1936) LMG

6.5 mm (.256 in) TYPE 96 (1936) LMG

CAS RECULATOR

~ARI<EL

LOCKING MAGAZINE

CARRYING CATCH CATCH

HANDLE thxedl

COCKING EJECTOR SAFETY BACK

HANDLE COVER CATCH BLOCK

Page 40

This weapon is the most frequently encountered LMG to date. it replaced the TAISHO 11 LMG (see page 38) because of better performance. A new improved lMG Type 99 7.7 mm calibre (see page 43) has made its appearance in some areas and it is thought possible that it may be replacing the Type 96, giving the Japanese a parity of fire power and weight of calibre with British and U.S. weapons of the same type. This weapon is gas operated, aircooled, magazine fed, and shoulder

controlled.

CHARACTERISTICS:

Calibre 6.5 mm (,256 in) Muzzle velocity 2,410 fps

Weight 21 Ibs Rate' of fire -

Length 42 in Maximum 530 rpm

Magazine Bren Type Practical '120 rpm

Capacity . 30 rounds Type of fire Automatic only

Sights: Barley corn or blade foresight. Drum controlled aperture rear sight graduated from 200- 1600 metres in hundreds.

No AA fittings are provided with this weapon, but an optical sight, which is

a fixed focus telescope, gives credence to the belief that this weapon is used against aircraft. Engagement of alc has been reported to be effected by two men holding legs of bipod and one man 'firing the weapon. An alternative position has also ... been reported, one man supporting the weapon on his shoulders and one man firing.

Page 41

7.7 mm (,303 in) TYPE 99 (1939) LMC

CARRYING HANDLE .

COMPARISON SHOWINC VARIATIONS FROM TYPE 96

BIPOD CATCH

TYPE 96

rvrr oo

TYPE 99

'Page 42

7.7 mm (,303 in) TYPE 99 (1939) LMC

This weapon. is the 7.7 mm counterpart of the Type 96 6.5 mm LMG (see age 41 l . These two weapons closely resemble each other, and care must be taken

when identifying them. .

Because of the heavier calibre ammuntion fired from this weapon and the support given .bv the adjustable monopod, It IS considered it would be a' more ffective weapon than the Type 96 L'MG

The distingui~hing features have been illustrated photographically on opposite

page.

CHARACTERISTICS:

2,300 fps

Calibre 7.7 mm (,303 in) Muzzle velocity

Length 42 in I ate of fire-

Weight 23.03 Ib Practical

Magazine. Bren Type Cyclic .

Capacity . 30 rounds Type of fire

Sights-Identical with type 96 LMG (, 'C page 41 ) . Range-Maximum 3,800 yds-Effectlv 1,500 yds.

AMMUNITION: Model 99 7.7 rnrn Rifle (see page 19) and Type 99 LMG will NOT fire 30 U.S. ammunition, any 303 British ammunition, or semi-rimless 7.7 mm ammunition used in the Type 92 HMG "Juki" (see page 45). The arnrnuntion used with both Type 99 LMG and Rifle is rimless. However, the Type 92 HMG "Juki", which fires. semi-rimless ammunition has a slightly better performance when the rimless Type 99 LMG and Rifle ammunition is used.

250 rpm 800 rpm

Automatic only

Page 43

7.7 mm (,303 in) TYPE 92 (1932) "JUKI" HMC

7.7 mm (,303 in) TYPE 92 (1932) "JUKI" HMC

Page 44

While actually an ~MG, weapon is classified by the Japanese as HMG ("JUKI" . heavy). Gun is an improved model of the 1914 Japanese 6.5 mm 1.256 in) "HOTCHKISS" type MG which it resembles. The "JUKI" may be mounted for AA as shown on the opposite page, by means of an adaptor. For carrying purposes,

andles are fitted into brackets on the tripod legs, thus enabling the gun when m unted, to be carried):iy a team of four m n, two men would suffice over short

di tances. .

.. ,

CHARACTERISTICS:

Gun is gas operated, air cooled, strip feci,' and when in action in NEW GUINEA was 'dentified by its slow rate of fire bcmg nicknamed by the troops, "Woodchopper" or "Woodpecker".

Calibre .. .. 7.7 mm (.303 inl Maximum rate of

Weight of gun 63 Ib fire

Weight of tripod 66·1· Ib Type of fire

Length of gun. 46 in Sights

Type of feed .. Strip (30 round

Ammunition-Semi-rimless-will not fit British weapons.

450 rpm (approx l

Automatic only

Tangent column, aperture backsight

DIAL SIGHT: A fixed focus tele copic dial sight is used for indirect fire.

Magnification, 4X-field of view 10 degrees. Ammunition for Type 99 rifles and LMGs (see pages 19 and 43) may be used with this weapon.

Page 45

40 em BASE RANGE FINDER

40 em BASE RANGE FINDER

OVERALL LENGTH

OF CASE 60 em 123.6 in)

Page 46

DIAMETER OF CASE

AT LARGEST END 12 em 14.7 m l

OVERALL LENGTH OF

RANGE FINDER 54 em 121.5 m I

The instrument is a 40 cm base, small, light, four power coincidence range It has a threaded recess at the eyepiece for a tripod mounting. Although two fields of view, it resembles a periscope, and is carried in a case .

..

CHARACTERISTICS

is made of steel, coated with brown or black enamel, excepting for nge drum, which is made of a light alloy metal.

54 cm (21.25 In) 3} Ibs (appr ox ) of case 6} Ibs (approx) Length of case. 60 cm (23.6 In)

Calibrations

30- 1 500 metres

(32.8 to infinity) uncalibrated from 1500 metres to infinity.

TACTICAL USE: Believed to be in conjunction with small arms. The instrument is fitted with two loops to which is attached a carrying strap. The translation of markings on the case is "Type 92 Surveying Instrument".

Page 47

13.15 mm (,52 in) TYPE 93 No.3 TWI N BARREL AA TkA CUN

ELEVATION WHEEL (not shown)

SIGHT MOUNTING (sight removed I

COCKINC

fLEVATION DRUI\I1 RELEASE

HANDLE~ __

(releases gun frum mounfu1g)

,_------~_ ADJ UST A LE SEAT

f traverses Y"I th gunl

FIRING PEDALS

Page 48

/

1 ~.15 mm (.52 in) TYPE 93 No. 3 TWI N BARREL AA TkA CUN

In accordance with the Japanese principle of constructing dual purpose weapons,' this HMG may be used for both AA and TkA purposes.

CHARACTERISTICS

Mounting is d~igned to carry two units allowing an elevation of 850 and a tr verse of 3600• Guns are individually mounted and may be removed from the cr Ie by means of independent release handles. Seat, elevating and traversing .gear all raverse with the gun. Weapon is fired by foot pedals situated at either end of eros -bar, to which is fitted foot plates and firing rod controls. The following details

appl to a single unit only. .

Ca ibre 13.15 mm L52in) Sights 200-3600 metres
Wight of gun • 87 Ib I vpe of fire Automatic
Wight of maga- Maximum rate of
zine (empty) 5 Ib
Length of barrel fire 450-480 rpm
(including flash Magazine capacity 30 rounds
eliminator) 65 in TYPE AND MARKINGS OF AMMUNIIION: WHITE-AP; BLACK-ball; RED-tracer.

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS: As there is no safety catch, care must be taken when weapon is loaded.

Page 49

20 mm (,79 in) TYPE 98 (1938) AA TkA CUN

EQUILIBRATOR CABLE BARREL YOLK

CENTRE ELEVATING

WHEEL

RECOIL REDUCER

SHOULDER /' TRAVERSING

/

REMOVABLE OUTRIGGER

EQUI LI BRATOR HOUSING

ADJUSTABLE TRAIL

Page 50

20 mm (,79 in) TYPE 98 (1938) AA Tk~ CUN

A dual purpose gun of "Oerlikon" type which is now being manufactured m JAPAN.

CHARACTERISTICS

Mounting is so' designed, that by spreading the trail and attaching an outrigger, tripod is formed. Wheels are then removed, allowing the gun a 360· free traverse.

It is not necessary to remove wheels unless th full traverse is required. In an "m~rgency, gun may be fired as a split-trail field pi co. Weapon is shoulder controlled.

Calibre

Total weight .. Length of. barrel

(including recoi I reduced

Mazazine . Elevation

Mag. capacity Depression

20 mm (,79 in) 836 Ib

57,} in

Vertical Bren type 85 degrees

20 rounds

10 degrees

1 row rsc (wheels

I moved)

R t of fire Type of fire Maximum hori-

zontal range .

M, imum vertical range

Muzzle velocity

360 degrees 120 rpm Automatic

5,450 yds

12,000 ft 2,720 fps

TO FI RE: Release Button on Firing Handle must be depressed before handle be pushed forward, firing gun.

Page 51

25 mm (,98 in) TRIPLE BARREL AA - Tk A CUN

ELEVATINC CUNNERS SEAT

TktNERSII':C MOUNTINC

TRAVERSINC 1'---- CUNN'ER S

SEAT •

Page 52

25 mm (,98 in) TRIPLE BARREL AA - TkA CUN :

This gun was designed originally as a naval pom-pom but has'b'een successfutly dapted for ground use by means of a mounting of high grade manufacture. It's , rimary role appears to be AA defence of aerodromes. Gun positions have been so rted as to be capable vof assuming a ground role as well as ·AA. Recent proofing I sts have revealed that it is a potential TkA weapon.

CHARACTERISTICS

Calibre Length (elevated) Length (depressed) Width Height (elevat2d) Height (depressed) Elevation Traverse Range (estimated) Rate of f.ire per barrel

Type of fire Automatic and single shot

25 rnm (.98 in)
4 It 8 In
8 It 6 in
7 It in
9 II
4 It 6 in
80 degrees
360 degrees
1'1,000 ft
250-300 rpm I, I:

The weapons are gas and blowback operated, aircooled and magazine fed 1I11t1ar to, but on a larger sca Ie than th Brcn LMG. Gun is controlled by two mners, one traversing, the other elevating and firing. Anyone or two guns may fired individually, or the three guns fired simultaneously by foot pedals. Single, n.1I,ble and Triple mounted weapons of this type may be encountered.

Page 53

20 mm (,79 in) TYPE 97 (1937) AUTOMATIC TkA CUN

MAGAZINE

MAGAZINE

MAGAZINE OPENING

COVER CATCH~

RECO I L REDlJCER'

CARRYING HANDLE ATTACHMENT

ELEVATING SLEEVE

MONOPOD

Page 54

20 mm (,79 in) TYPE 97 (1937) AUTOMATIC TkA CUN

The weapon is an air cooled, gas operated, magazine fed aufomatic TkA rifle rth an action similar to the Oerlikon. Carrying handles are attached, enabling the In to be easily carried to the most inaccessible places by hand. Having a low ilhouet te, it is easily ~mouflaged, and, combined with its mobility and calibre, it I a potential danger to AFV's.

The weapon's disadvantages are few. bur worthy of mention. Traverse is houlder controlled and the rear bipod must bo pulled out of the ground before Ihe weapon can be traversed. The sighting ,'pp.1r, tus IS considered to be Poor.

CHARACTERISTICS:

Calibre

Length (a) with carrying handles

(b) without carrying handles Weight (a) complete

(b) without carrying hand I and shield

20 mm 1.79 in) 89-} in

82} in

150 Ib

115 Ib

_5° to + S°

45· Rand L Automatic only Magazine--vertical box 7 rounds

Elevation (using elevating sleeves Traverse (without moving bipod) Type of fire

Type of feed

Magazine capacity

on 1ripod)

• I

Page 55

37 mm( 1.4 in) TYPE 94 (1934) TkA CUN

RANGE CONTROL WHEEL

I'

Page 56

AMMUNITION PANNIER CAPACITY \2 ROUNDS WEIGHT WHEN FULL 45 lb.

HE SHELL WEIGHT 260z

AP SHELL WEIGHT 280z

ADJUSTABLE SPLIT TRAIL

37 mm (1.4 in) TYPE 94 (1934) TkA CUN

Known to the Japanese' as the "Rapid fire" gun, this weapon provides front line infantry ~ith close protection from attack by hostile AFV's. Weapon is also used as a light field piece, firing HE ammunition.

CHARACTERISTICS:

Gun has a semi-automatic, horizontal sliding breech block.

Firing gear is connected to the elevaung hand wheel, which, when pulled to the rear, fires gun. Recoil and recuperation lr controlled by oil buffer and helical pring ..

Carriage is of split-trail type, norrnal ly mounted on iron wheels. Others are mounted on iron-tyred, wooden wheel.

Calibre 37 mm ( 1.4 m ) Elevation 25·
Total weight 815 Ib Depression 8·
Length of bore . 4 ft lOin Muzzle velocity 2,300 fps
Length of trail . . 5 ft 5 i In Maximum range 5,500 yds
Traverse 60· Rate of fire 25 rpm Gun is accurate and easy to fire but examination of ammunition shows that p netration is cornparativelv poor in comparison to British and U.S. TkA weapons.

Page 57

SEMI AUTOMATiC CHARACTERISTICS:
HORIZONTAL Calibre 37 mm (14 in)
su DI NC BREEC,H Length of· barrel 65J in
(not shown' Elevation 280 mils ( 16,03·)
Depression 210 mil (1202")
1 raverse 45'R.ndL (trail open)
5' R ilnd'L (trail closed)
Range-
Maximum . 4,400 yd
Effective 4UO yd'
Rate of fire 15 rpm
Weight of shell 2 III r.lpprox)
Sights Tclc~c()Pic-"Parallelogram"
.. Iollowmg" type for direct firing 37 mm (1.4 in) TYP.E 97 (1937) RAPID-FIRE GUN

TUBULAR ALUMINIUM SPLIT T~AIL

Page 58

.37 mm (1.4 in) TYPE 97 (1937) RAPID-FIRE CUN

This T~A weapon is of German design and has been regarded by them as obsolete since~7,e Palish campaign. It was manufactured during the period 1936-37 and later sold \0 the Japanese.

The weapon is a rapid-fire· gun filt d with a semi-automatic breech block and quipped with a spring, knee-action, shod absorber and pneurnatie tyres for high peed transportation. No report has,· as yet, been 'received concerning use of this eapon in the Southwest Pacific, and it is presumed that its use has been confined

10 the SOUTH PACIFIC. AREA.

Page 59

Page 60

47 mm (1.85 in) TYPE 01 TkA GUN

SIGHTING MECHANISM (sight removed I

HORIZONTAL SLI DI NG BREECH.

47 mm (1.85 in) TYPE 01 TkA CUN

In general design this weapon resembles a later model of the ZIK 45 mm Russian TkA gun which is reported to be a development and modification of the o,riginal German Rheinmetal weapon.

libre

Le gth of gun We ht .. Elevai~. Depress n Traverse

47 mm 8 ft 3 in 1,6601b 19 deg

1 1 deg 60 deg

CHARACTERISTICS:

( 1 .85 in) Breech

Semi-automatic horizontal sliding wedge Hydro-spring

2,735 fps (approx)

AP and HE

R coil Mechanism Muzz!o velocity Ammurutron

'\

It is a split-trail weapon of modern til' ign with a long barrel heavily reinforced

at the muzzle. The gun has a low silhou lie, is unusually wide and fitted with pneumatic tyres allowing ease of mach meal transport.

A wide wheel" base and small who Is perrm t of a wide traverse. A wide shield constructed of 4 mm armour plate provides adequate protection for the gun crew

The breech is marked "Model 01 Hobile 47 mm Gun, manufactured OSAKA ARSENAL, 1942", and closely resernh.- that of the type 94 (1934) 37 mm gun. The ammunition is easily identified Ly an unusually long rimmed shellcase having a maximum diameter .of 2.5 in for a le. <;(th of 8.4 in and a tapering neck to take

the 47 mm projectile. .

Page 61

LEVER BREECH

MECHANISM ------:::t.L

CAM PLATE--~_=== SPRI ~,G

P ECUPERATOR INDICAT,)r,s

TELESCOPIC SIGHT LOCKING KNOB

75 mm (2.95 m) TYPE 88 (1928) MOBILE AA CUN

75 mm (2.95 m ) TYPE 88 (1928) MOBILE AA CUN

An improved model of the 'M 1922 pattern AA gun and is believed to be the tandard 75 mm weapon in use at present by the Japanese Army. Gun is mobile, being mounted on two rubber-tyred wheels. When towed, trail and .outriggers are I.,.ought together and barrel is run back on full r coil In a fixed position, wheels re rem~ed' and trail and outriggers opened. An additional outrigger is then ttached all legs are equidistant making a five point base. Levelling of this base I' 'effecte by jacks fitted to the end of each trail and outriggers.

Page 62

Page 63

CHARACTERISTICS:

( traversing I

Calibre 75 mm (2.95 in) Ilorizontal range 15,100 yds
HAN Total weight 5,300 Ib (approx l V rtical range 29,500 ft
Length of barrel 10ft 10} in Muzzle velocity 2,360 fps
Elevation 85· Maximum fuse
I raverse 360· setting . 20 seconds JACKS

JACKS

This gun is a dual purpose weapon and has been employed against AFV's. When d in this manner, time fuse is set on ale.

. .

8 em TAISHO 10 (1921) HIGH ANGLE GUN

ELEVATING ARC

OIL RESERVOIR

BRACKET FOR TEL£SCOPIC SIGHT

PREDICTOR INSTRUMENTS

ELEVATING HAND WHEEL

Page ~4

TRAVERSING HAND WHEEL (not shown)

VERTICAL SLIDING BREECH

LEVER BREECH MECHANISM

Muzzle velocity' 2,220 fps (approx l l3reech Vertical slidinghand operated Recoil Mechanism Oil and ~pring

Sights Elbow Telescope

and open' sights

25,000 ft (approx)

12,000 ft Iapprox)

8 em TAISHO'10 (1921) HIGH ANCLE :;UN

calibre~. .. length 0 barrel

Weight of barrel

Elevation . Traverse ..

3 in (76.2 mm ) 10ft 8-} in

599 Kg (1345 lb l (aporox)

75 degrees

360 degrees Maximum vertical rang

Effective vertical rang

This weapon has been previously known as the High Angle Naval Gun, with a reported lalibre of apprcximately 3 in and incorrectly designated at 75 mm .. The calibre h:E been established as 3 in and a translation of markings on the breech ring of the gun show it to be 8 cm High Angle Gun TAISHO 10 .( 1921 ) .

CHARAeTERISTICS:

Extraction is similar to that of the British 25 pdr. The weapon is mounted on a onical steel pedestal and the traversing gear is operated by means of a worm and worm wheel situated on the right hand side of the piece. Muzzle preponderance is compensated for by an equillbrator located inside the pedestal. ·A platform on the Ide andattach~d to the superstructure allows the layers to traverse with the gun.

Page 65

2 METRE BASE, RANCE AND HEICHT FINDER

OBJECTIVE WINDOW (not shown I

RANGE CONTROL WHEEL

RUBBER

HEAD REST ADJUSTING WHEEL

I

ADJUSTABLE FEET

. Page 66

OBJECTIVE WINDOW

2 METRE BASE, RANCE AND.HEICHT FINDER

This instrument is normally used in conjuncnon with the 75 mm Type 88 AA Lun (see page 63) for measuring ranges and altitudcs. The main body is mounted In '\ cradle which is connected, by the traversing rnechurusm, on to a tripod which has 'adjustable feet for use on uneven ground

AOTION: When the piece is used for ran! t"kll'~. <l range-height lever (not hown o~~site) placed just to the left of til r,1ng control wheel, is moved towards

• the obser er. The height locking button, dirr cl lv "hove the range control wheel is pulled out, anc' the height compensator, po IIIOIll'd beside and to the left of the height locking button, is moved one turn In lockwise direction. The readings on the scale will then be ranges. Action for h itude readings is the reverse of this

procedure, i.e., range height lever to til r , height locking button pushed in and

Ihe height compensator moved on nt i clockwise. Readings will then be

Ititudinal.

An examination of the lnstrurn lit indicates care in design and construction.

tainless materials, aluminium alloy rid brass have been used freely. All parts

made of ordinary steel have bea.i co red with black enamel to eliminate possibilities If corrosion .

Page 67

10 em MODEL 1929 AA BINOCULARS

10 em MODEL 1929 AA BINOCULARS

SLIDING LENS HOOD

ELEVATION SCALE

Page 68

D~~ned for locating, spotting and tracking ale and also for spotting AA bur t

1 hese bino\ulars have fifteen power magnification and have a 4 degree flcld or view. TriPO\:ounted, they have 10 degrees depression, 90 degrees elevation And 60 degrees ,\averse.

Focal adjustments are made only at the eye pieces, each telescope baing locussed independantly. The interpupillary scale is graduated from 60-72 mm.

The right telescope contains a reticle calibrated from 0-30 mils and reads In hoth vertical and horizontal planes. It is calibrated in 5 mil increments and nurn

I red at each 10 mil interval.

70 mnr (2.76 in) TYPE 9'2 {1932) BATTALION CU

SPRING RECUPERA TOR HOUSING

ATING WHEEL BREECH BLOCK Inot shown)

Page 70

TRAVERSING WHEEL

. .

70mm (2.76 in) TYPE 92 (1932) BATTALION GUN

A close support weapon issued on the scale of two gups per infantry battalion.

It is stated not to be very efficient and viewed somewhat unfavourably by the

Japanese.

CHARACTERISTICS:

'Calibre 70 mm (2.76 in) Trav irse 45·
Weight 490 Ib I vntion 75'
Overall length 86 in D pr sion 4·
Length of barrel 28} in L "Rlh of recoil 13} in
Length of bore 24{- in
'Overall heigh: 36 in Maxlmum range 3,000 yds
Overall width l ff, c.Ilve range. 1,500 yds
(firing posn) 72 in Muzzle velocity 650 fps This weapon is a miniature howitzer characterised by a low muzzle velocity. is employed in the tactical role of a long range mortar.

Ammunition is semi-fixed and rang is controlled by varying the powder charges. liE projectile weighs 8 pounds and is fitted with Type 88 percuss_ion fuse which I interchangeable with 75 and 105 mni shells.

Page 71

75 mm (2.95 in) TYPE 41 (1908) RECIMENTAL CU

SPRING SIGHT OPENING

RECUPERATOR HOUSING

LEVER BREECH MECHANISM

RICID TRAIL

WASHER

REMOVABLE TRAIL

Page 72

75 mm (2.95 in) TYPE 41 (1908) RECIMENTAL CUN

Prior to 1935, this was the standard weapon of Mountain Artillery. These eapons were withdrawn, reissued to Infantry Regiments for close support and d signated Model 41 "Regimental" Guns.

Issued on a scale of 4 guns to each infantry regiment they are placed under Ihe control of the Regimental Commander.

CHARACTERISTICS:

Calibre 75 mm (2.95 in) Elevation 25'
Weight l,220lb Depression 8'
Length of barrel 4 ft 6-} in Breech Interrupted screw-
thread
Le n gth of bore . 3 ft H in Maximum range 7,000 yds
Traverse 7' Muzzle velocity 1,250 fps Gun is mounted on two iron-shod wooden wheels and has a tubular box-type

trail.

It is possible that this weapon is still used in some artillery units, as leorganisation may not yet be complete.

Page 73

SO mm (1.97 in) TYPE 98 (1938) DISCHARCER

Metal Case ContainIng .; 51b Picric

Page 74

SO mm (1.97 in) TYPE 98 (1938) DISCHARGER

The discharger is of simple design, consisting of a barrel, base plate, range control scale, base plate stakes, bipod and accessories. With the use of a ·powder charge, the weapon fires a discharger bomb consisting of a steel box filled with a bursting charge of picric compound in blocks and attached to a spigot. The propellant consists of cine or more increments of fine black powder, packed in silk waterproof bags.

CHARACTERISTICS:

Calibre

Length of barrel Weight of barrel Weight of

baseplate Weight of bomb Traverse ..

50 mm (1.97 in) 65 cm (25.6 in) 7.4 kg (16.3 Ib)

15 kg (33 Ib) 6.4 kg (14.1 Ib) 10" Rand L

RangeMaximum

400 metres (438 vds l . approx

40 metres (98 yds) approx

70 cm (27.5 in) incl Spigot

Minimum

Length of bomb

FIRING: Insert powder bags into the barrel, insert a pull type igniter (a) into base of discharger bomb, load projectile into barrel until flange contacts range scale as shown on opposite page, attach wire to pull igniter (a) and then to barrel and place a pull igniter (b) in igniter holder. mortar is then ready to fire. A long lanyard is attached to pull igniter (b) '.lI1e1 fired by remote control, as a great deal of blast is experienced in' the close proximity of the mortar. A recent report states that a finned bangalore torpedo and smoke candles may also' be fired from this weapon.

..

Page 75

70 mm (2.76 in) TAISHO II (1922) MORTAR

LOOP

(For Insertion of carrying pole I

FIRING MECHANISM

Page 76

70 mm (2·76 in) TAISHO II (1922) MORTAR

It is a muzzle-loaded, rifle-bore weapon consisting of a metal reinforced wooden base plate and the mortar itself. No bipod is necessary, as the elevating screw

supports the barrel.

CHARACTERISTICS:

Calibre . Weight.

Weight of mortar

Weight of base plate . Dimensions of base plate Elevation

Traverse

Rifling .

70 mm (2.76 in) 133} Ib

341 Ib

99} Ib

311 in x 17·~ in

43-78 degrees (approxl

200 mils (11.450) Rand L Uniform RH

The weapon is fired by means oj ,1 lanvard attached to the firing mechanism fitted into a recess at the rear of til b.urcl. Mortar is mounted by means of trunnions on the barrel, fitting into be,ItIt1~~ on the base plate. The elevating screw IS then coupled to the barrel by a sec", III I pin.

A grenade of similar apoearancl' 10 Ihe Type 89 Grenade (see page 31), is reported to be fired from this .weapon, Mnin difference being weight, calibre and " slightly different type fuse. Unltke til 1 ypc 89 Grenade fuse there is no safety pin. The fuse is manufactured of brnss.

Page 77

81 mm (3.19 in) TYPE 99 (1939) SMALL MORTAR

81 mm (3.19 in) TYPE 99 (1939) SMALL MORTAR

MORTAR MOUNTED

The mortar is similar in design to the U.S. 81 mm Mortar with the axceptlon of the firing mechanism.

TRANSLATION 99 SMALL MORTAR No. 503

OSAKA ARMY ARSENAL MANUFACTURED 1942

Page 78

\

CHARACTERISTICS:

The firing r.lechanism is located at the lower end of of a Firing Pin, Firing Pin Cam Shaft and a Chang Lever trolled by the Firing Pin Cam Shaft. The Change Lever mechanism in three positions.

the barrel and consists The Firing Pin is concontrols and locks the

181b 6.931b 52 Ib 16°

40-2,200 yds

Firing Pin may be locked, protruding into Ihe barrel or left free to move under pressure from the Firing Pin Cam Shaft. In the former position, bomb is fired as with the British 3 in Mortar. In the I It r position, the bomb is loaded into the barrel in the usual manner. As the firing pin is not projecting into the barrel, the bomb is not discharged. To fire, the F;ring Pin Cam Shaft is struck with a hard object driving the striker upward into th propellant cartridge. The third and safe position, locks the Firing Pin below the firing surface.

Calibre

Length of barrel Base plate Weight of barrel Weight of bipod

81 mm (3.19itl) 25.25 in

14.25 in Isquar )

17.5 Ib

16.5 Ib

Weight of base

plate ..

Weight of bomb Total weight Traverse

R~"li!e

Page 79

90 mm (3.54 in) TYPE 94 (1934) LICHT MORTAR

RECOIL BUFFERS

RECOIL CYLINDER

CROSS

BARREL LOCKED TO YOKE BY U SHAPED PIN

Page 80

MORTAR SICHT

90 mm (3.54 in) TYPE 94 (1934) LICHT MORTAR

The most outstanding feature of the mortar is the heavily constructed recoil mechanism.

CHARACTERISTICS:

The barrel and recoil mechanism are secured to each other by aU-shaped looking pin, the whole assembly being mounted on the base plate by means of a ball-mounting and supported by a bipod to which is fitted buffers.

Calibre .. 90 mm (3.54 in) Maximum recoil 6 in
Length of bar re I 47.8 in Type of recoil Hydro pneumatic
Weight of barrel 74.5 Ib 'r raverse 10'
Weight of recoil Weight of bomb 11.5 Ib
mechanism .. 104 Ib
Weight of bipod 73 Ib Dimensions of
Weight of base base plate 28.5 in x 18.5 in
plate .. 88.5 Ib Range 610-4,050 yds
Total weight .. 340 Ibs (approx l The bomb is fired in the same mann r as the British 3 in Mortar. Although

II. heaviness of the weapon will pre nt transportation difficulties; weight of Ilfoiectile, recoil system' and a heavily reinforced base plate, combine in making II n effective weapon.

Page 81

75 mm (2.95 in) TYPE 94 (1934) MOUNTAIN CUN

ELEVATING HAND WHEEL

TRAVERSING HAND WHEEL

Page 82

PACK LOADS 1 BARREL

2 SH I ELD (in two parts)

3 WHEELS

4 BREECH BLOCK

5 CRADLE (Bulter and Recup~rator) 6 CARR lACE

7 RICHT TRAIL 8 LEFT TRAIL

WEICHTS

TOTAL

481b 761b 821b

2071b 2091b 1311b 1381b

11631b

75 mm (2.95 in) TYPE 94 (1934) MOUNTAIN CUN

When the Mountain Artillery was reorganised, the original mountain gun, Model 41 (see page 73) was withdrawn and re Issued 10 Infantry regiments as a close support weapon and designated the "Regimental Gun". The Type 94 has taken the place of the Model 41 in Mountrnn Artillery Units. This weapon has been employed wherever the terrain permus III both SP and SWP Areas.

CHARACTER ISTICS:

Calibre Weight

Length of. barrel Length of trail . Elevation . Depression

75 mm (2.95 in) 1,183 Ib

5 ft 1·} in 8 ft 8 in 44.3° lOS

I raverse ilrcl'ch ights Range

Rate of fire

45°

Horizontal sliding Telescopic 5-7,000 yds 10-12 rpm

The weapon may be broken down Into pack loads as shown on opposite page. It is reported that a crew of f rv re required to operate the gun. No.1, to operate sights, No. 2 to open and close breech and fire the gun by lanyard, No. 3 to load the gun, whilst Nos ,1 and ~ are purely ammunition numbers. The gun examined was manufactured at OSAKA Arsenal in 1938 and is designed for rapid assembly, disassembly and carriage by pack animal.

Page 83

105 mm (4.1 in) TYPE 91 (1931) LICHT FIELD HOWITZER

SIGHT BRACKET

BREECH BLOCK (f'rln~ mechanism removed I

RECOIL SLIDE

DRAGWASHER

TRAVERSING MECHANISM HOUSING (Wheel removed I

Page 84

105 mm (4.1 in) TYPE 91 (1931) LICHT FIELD' HOWITZER

Characteristics given below are approximate .

Calibre Elevation Traverse Trail Range

Rate of fire

.. 105 mm (4.1 in) 45'

56'

Spilt type

11,500 yds

Slow, 1 rpm Normal, 3 rpm Rapid, 4-5 rpm Intense, 6-8 rporn

HE (time and percussion \.

35 Ib

80 rds per gun

96 rpg in unit reserve

Ammunition

Weight of shell Ammunit:on Aliotment ..

This howitzer is normally hors~ drawn by a six horse gtln team. There have been reports of this equipment being pack carried.

. Page 85

105 mm (4.1 in) TYPE 92 (1932) FIELD CUN

TRUNNION

DRAC WASHER • /

SOLID RUBBER TYRED WHEELS

Page 86

RECOIL SLIDE

__ EQUILIBRATOR __ -

105 mm (4.1 in) TYPE 92 (1932) FIELD CUN

Characteristics given below are approximate.

Calibre Weight Elevation . Trail

Range

105 mm (4.1 in) 7,700 Ib

40·

Split type 14,200 yds HE 20,000 yds Streamline

Rate of fire .. Slow 1 rpm

Normal 2 rpm

Rapid 2-5 rpm

Intense 6-8 rpm

AIl1IlHIt1ltlon Shrapnel HE (time

ar.d percussion)

Wight of shell 35 Ib

Ammunition Allotment

96 rds per gun 88 rpg in unit reserve

The gun is tractor-drawn, the pi into the travelling position .

III ing pulled back approximately 3 feet

. It has been reported that a prop ir uon of shells fitted with delay fuses, fired from. this weapon did not explode. "r port on the effectiveness of the weapon during the attack on HONG KONG staled that one of every seven shells was defective.

rlAMMER

Page 87

150 mm (5.9 in) FOURTH YEAR TYPE (1915) HOWITZER

TRAIL EYE

I

/

EQUII IORATOR DRAG WASHER

ELEVATING WHEEL Inot shown)

Page 88

150 mm (5.9 in) FOURTH YEAR TYPE (1915) HOWITZER

The weapon is a 1915 model howitzer with a box trail and limited axle traverse. piece examined was manufactured at OSAKA Arsenal in 1924.

CHARACTER ISTI CS:

Calibre 150 mm (5.9 In) Elevation
Length (in trav- (estimated) 55·
elling position) 18.4 ft Iapprox) Depression
Length of barrel 7.05 ft (estimated) 3·
Height (ground to Maximum range 7,000 metres
top of shield) 6.4 ft Length of recoil 510-1,340 mm
Width of carriage 6.3 ft (20.08-52.75 in) The breech block is a vertical 1,,11111> type, spring loaded to facilitate ease in peration and unusual, in that it shdc: upward to open.

Two equilibrators are attached III ,I ~Ingle elevating arc by wire cables to counteract muzzle preponderance dur iug movement of the piece to angles of levation.

The carriage is equipped With nxpundmg drum-type brakes.

Page 89

150 mm (5.9 in) TYPE 96 (1936) HOWITZER

RECOIL

Page 90

150 mm (5.9 in) TYPE 96 (1936) HOWITZER

This howitzer is a modern split-trail weapon manufactured at OSAKA Army Arsenal in 1940.

CHARACTERISTICS:

Calibre 150 mm (5.9 in) Elevation
Length (in trav- I timated l 75°
elling position) 21.6 ft Depression
Length of barrel I 1.57 ft (estirnated l 3°
Height (ground to Mnxlmum range 10,000 metres
top of shield) 6.25 ft I ength of recoil 600-1,040 mm
Width of carriage 6.6 ft (23.6-40.9 in) The carriage is fitted with a tr ail <ill II er, has solid rubber-tyred wheels and xpanding drum-type brakes. Equilibrntor nttached to the rear underside of the

cradle counteract muzzle preponderanc nd facilitate ease in moving the piece to

ngles of elevation. These are presum I Iy Joined to a single elevating arc by wire ables similarly to the Fourth Year I yp

The breech block is a tapered, 1111 rrupted screw thread type, having three(unrter 'thread surface and one-quarter plnne in a three-step formation.

There is no obturator, the cartr idg c e producing complete obturation.

Page 91

· ARTILLERY PRIME MOVER

Page 92

ARTILLERY PRIME MOVER

Photographs taken on aerial reconnaissance over ALEXISHAFEN in November, 1943, revealed a new type tracked vehicle. Comparison with early photographs show this to be an Artillery Prime Mover. Comparing photographs of this vehicle with a report on a Track Laying Reconnaissance Vehicle captured recently in the SPA, establishes the fact that it is not only used as a Prime Mover but also as a Reconnaissance Vehicle.

CHARACTERISTICS:

Length 12 ft 1 a in Bogies 3
Height 5 ft 1 a in Bogie wheels 6
Width 6 ft 9in P turn rollers 2
Track width 9-}in Capacity 7 persons ( approx) The vehicle is unarmoured, unarmed nd fully tracked. The engine is a 6 cyl diesel of German design manufactured SHOWA 16.12 (December, 1941) with a 4-speed double reduction gear box and mounted at the rear. A towing winch is located at centre rear of the engine mounting A track locking mechanism makes this vehicle extremely manoeuvreable, n bling it to turn in its own length.

Page 93

FUSE ASSEMBLED

TYPE 93 (1933) LAND MINE

BRASS CAP

Page 94.

SAFETY WASHER

SAFE rv CAP

CREEP SPRING

TYPE 93 (1933) LAND MINE

Body is in two sections and painted a DULL BROWN. A§- in RED band urrounds the brass plug which screws into the centre of the body.

CHARACTERISTICS:

Weight .. Thickness

3 Ib 1} in

Dlame tcr ftiling

6{- in

2 Ib Picric Compnd.

PLUNCr R

BODY

SAFETY DEVICES: A small safety cap screws into upper end of plunger (striker). When in position, this prevent plunger being depressed and mine xploded. An additional safety device is provided by a brass collar attached to the safety washer. Collar passes over brass ,110ty cap, and surrounding washer is retained beneath brass plug.

SHEARWIRE: This retains the srrrk r when the safety cap and safety collar are removed and alone determines th 1" S~lJre necessary to fire the mine. The thickness of this wire has been found to v ny In mines examined from 70 to 270 Ib ccording to tactical use for which th min was laid.

10 NEUTRALIZE MINE:

(a) Examine area round mine tor booby traps.

(b) Without moving mine or x 'ling any pressure on cover, unscrew and remove brass plug.

(c) Without downward pressur, crew safety cap tightly on to the top of plunger, place safety washer over safety cap. Screw on brass plug. To completely disarm mine, remove fuse.

page 95

DETONATOR

I

FIRING PIN mAD or BODY

FUSE ASSEMBLY

ANTI INVASION MINE

ANTI INVASION MINE

These mines were encountered at TARAWA (Gilbert Group) arranged in a Ingle straight row, parallel to and 50 yards from the high water mark. Others were used in conjunction with concrete tetrehedrons ("Scullies"-A Tk, anti-invasion bstacles) one mine being placed between two concrete tetrehedrons.

detonator, and

CHARACTERISTICS:

105 Ib Weight of filling--'-46.5 Ib

10.6) in Body Material-. 3/16 in mild steel 2025 in Type of explosive (40/60 per cent. mixture of Hexanitrodiphenylamine and

I rmrtroanisol )

Acid horns to which is connected a wet cell type of battery.

The mine is a hemespherical, chcmiC::1I-horned, all welded mine. The outer lady forms a hemisphere with a central up ning at the top, into which fits the ooster and safety switch. The horn openings are situated diametrically' opposite ach other on either side of the central opening.

It is fired in a manner typical to all horned mines. When the horns are bent, n acid vial inside the horn is broken allowing the acid to contact two battery plates thus generating sufficient amperage to fire the detonator. This mine is regarded a sea mine, not a land mine, although it may possibly be used as an A Tk mine

n land.

horns,

1 ype of detonation

"-- FILLINC PLUC

Page 96

Page 97.

TYPE 99 (1939) MACNETIZED AP BOMB

PACKINC

Contains: 2 Bombs 2 Fuses In tIn contalnerc;

FUSE

Page 98

TYPE 99 (1939) MACNETIZED AP BOMB

These bombs are intended for use against AFV's, steel hatches, or any iron r steel target, pill-boxes, etc. Whilst probably designed to be thrown by hand, loss f magnetic power due to rust, dirt or age may necessitate the bomb being brought by 'hand to the objective, the attacker endeaVOUring to make his escape during the

period of delay.

CHARACTERISTICS:

Bomb consists of eight separate sections of highly compressed TNT contained In khaki cloth covering.

Diameter Thickness .

4~ in l·t in

Weight with fuse .. 2 Ib 11 oz

When bomb is carried in haversack, rll~e hole is filled by a wooden plug 3·~ In long, the removal of which permits fitting of fuse. The latter is secured by ecuring down brass locking collar.

ACTION

To fire, withdraw safety pin and d pr ss plunger.

WARNING: ALTHOUGH A RECENILY EXAMINED SPECIMEN HAD A FUSE DELAY· OF 10 SECONDS, IT IS STRfSSlD THAT EXTREME CARE MUST BE OBSERVEQ OWING TO ERRATIC BEHAVIOUR OF JAPANESE FUSES.

Page 99

BAN.CALORE TORPEDOES

FUSE LOCKING COLLAR

SCREW CAP

..

POINTED NOSE COVER t

NEW METAL TYPE

POINTED NOSE COVER

OLD BAMBOO TYPE

(section of torpedo)

Pal;:e 100

\'

BANCALORE TORPEDOES

Two types of Bangalore Torpedoes are shown on the opposite page. These are the only types captured or recovered to date. Variations may be made in the construction for tactical needs, but the principle remains the same.

OLD BAMBOO TYPE: This type was first encountered at MILNE BAY. It consists of a series of (5-7) cylindrical cak s of explosive (Ammonium ChlorateSilican Carbide-c-wood pulp and an oil bmder ) , connected between charges by means of FID (Instantaneous Detonating Fuse l , nd initiated at the first charge by a short length of safety fuse and detonator inserted into the centre of the charge. The casing consists of a long bamboo polo spht lengthwise and bound round the charges by bands of twine at intervals. Ef Iec t of the torpedo would be mainly blast with little fragmentation.

NEW METAL TYPE: A Type 99 [) rnoht ion Tube has been noted in captured documents. There is a possibility thot ""th types are identical. This torpedo is manufactured of steel tubing filled with 3b 4 per cent. TNT and 63.6 per cent. Cycl6nite and fitted with a male and f 1l1.11, threaded plug, one at either end. These plugs are removed when fuse is fill! d. I he fuse locking collar, containing the pull-type igniter, is screwed into th fClllill threaded end and a hollow Pointed Nose Cover is screwed on to the mal thread. The Nose Cover is used when the torpedo is placed in the ground vertic liy. Action of the New Metal Type would

be considerable fragmentation and a r lilt ively high blast effect. .

Page 101

MODEL 2 FIELD TELEPHONE

Page 102

MODEL 2 FIELD TELEPHONE

The ins.trument is housed in a wooden cabinet with reinforced metal corners and usually carried in a leather case. The cabinet is divided into three main compartments housing: (i) handset, (ii) batteries and (iii) a generator, bell, induction

coil and condensor.

The appearance of the instrument indicate~ that it is intended for hard use

and need not be removed from its leather case for operation. The instrument provides normal local battery powered speaking, and both battery and magneto

signalling facilities.

A translation of the "Instruction Plale" is as follows:-

METHOD OF USE

(i) To instal, connect line wires to line terminals.

(ii) During speaking, press hands t witch continuously.

(iii) When connected to exchange, tllrn handle after conversation to transmit

"finish" signal.

(iv) I n the event of poor tranSIT1I inn, test dry batteries by observing the

intensity of test lamp (in lid uf instrument).

(v l When using the common b,1ltl'ry system circuit, disconnect the link between terminals (above bell coils in No.3 compartment).

NOTE: So long as the cord is folded alongside the handset, discharge of the battery will not take place.

Page 103

MODEL 92 FIELD TELEPHONE

UNt' TERMINALS'

SPARE PARTS CONTAINER

Page 104

MOD.EL 92 FIELD TELEPHONE

The complete set is contained in a varnished, wooden cabinet with a sheet-metal lid and metal, reinforced corners. The metal fittings are plated with several thin

alternate layers of nickel and copper.

DIMENSIONS:

Length . Depth ..

lO{ in 4{ in

Width .. Weight.

6·~ in lO{ Ib

The appearance of the instrument would suggest that it is intended for use at HQ's or other sheltered locations. Whilst It is sturdily made, its finish would suffer if it was given the same treatment and xposure to the elements as the Model 2

Field Telephone. (see page 96).

Power for this set is combiner! within the cabinet and consists of two dry

batteries.

Speech, magneto signalling and rclcgreoh key transmission may be made by connecting wires to terminals provided for each specific type of transmission.

Page 105

TYPE 94 No.5 MODEL 32 TRANSMITTER

Page 106

TYPE 94 No. 5 MODEL 32. TRANSM ITTER

Since no batteries are used with this et , it is somewhat smaller than the 'eceiving Set (see page 109). The power I suoplied from a No. 19 Model F Hand enerator which is a separate unit. Either Continuous W.ave or Radio Telegraphy may be used. The circuit employs only con valve which is a double triode. For C)N, 'the two triodes are connected in par,111,.1 When RT is used, one of the triodes becomes a speech amplifier, oscillating thrOlli~h a crystal. The transmitter will still Jperate even though the crystal is removed. 011 tho set examined, signs of considerable wear and expos~re to weather were nou d lhe dividing partitions have been lorced out of alignment, and some of th h nme has been broken, due possibly to violent treatment. The set was still in WOI 1118 order.

It is evident that this set is con'lrw,1 J to withstand rough handling, and tringent weather conditions and still 1l1.1f11~ln its efficiency.

Page 107

TYPE 94 No. 5 MODEL 32 RECEIVER

TYPE 94 No. 5 MODEL 32 RECEIVER

This Wireless set is intended for reception of continuous wave telegraphy and odulated waves. It would be possible to use It whilst carried by the operator, ut it is considered that its main use would be in stationary position for two reasons:

FREQUENCY RANGE SELECTOR SWITCH

GENERATOR-BATTERY SWITCH

(L) The aerial consists of lengths of f loxible wire.

(2) A trailing aerial would impede th progress of the party over rough terrain.

'ELECTRIC POWER SWITCH

FILAMENT VOLTAGE MEASURI NG SOURCE

Power is obtained from I;>atteries locared lJt'rll'nth the set and within the carrying se. 'Mounted under celluloid, on the 11151't. of the door, are two tuning graphs nd a circuit diagram. There are four tllllillfl r.inges indicated as follows:-

PLUG FOR EARPHONES AND MICROPHONE

840 kc/s' 1640 kc/s 3325 ke/s 7000 kc/s

(1) 38;'

(2) 740 (3) 146') (4) 192)

These correspond to the four oosl 111111', of the frequency range selector switch.

THROAT MICROPHONE,

CONDENSOR CHARTS

Page 109

Page 108

TYPE 94 MK 1 WALKIE-TALKIE WIRELESS

TUNING GRAPH

AMPMETRE

HETERODYNE REGULATOR

EARPHONES

Page 110

TYPE 94 MK 1 WALKIE-TALKIE WIRELESS

The equipment examined consisted of the unll as shown on opposite page and leather carrying case.

The set was designed for transmitting "lcl r()cE'lving over a distance of approximately two miles.

Power supply is from two batteries 11\ ) M'purate case. Cords and plugs provide power transfer. One battery is used fur II n~ll1itting, the other for receiving. A hand generator may also be used as II snurc of power.

Either Continuous Wave or Radio 1, \cKr,lphy may be used.

General construction is good. All nclensors are enclosed in a good grade of

bakelite. This set is probably a pre w. I model. Construction is similar to sets used

Ii\ USA and Britain in 1932.

Page 11 T

TYPE 93 (1933) FLAME THROWER

PRESSURE TANK

PRESSURE COCK

/ /FILLING CAP

SAFETY CAP

PRESSURE CONNECTING TUBE

MI Till. r'lrE

CORRUGATED RUBBER HOSE 14S loogl

Page 112

TYPE 93 (1933) FLAME THROWER

This equipment is carried and operated by one man, no special protective clothing being worn.

CHARACTERISTICS:

10/12 seconds 60/80 ft.

Weight when charged Fuel capacity

Type of fuel

Durntlon of flame I 1I1F, of flame .

55 Ib (approx l 21 ga Is (aporoxl 50% Benzine/ Crude Oil

ACTION: Pressure cock on head of pr SSli'C cylinder is used when pressure tank is disconnected from rest of equipmenl for ro charging. On charging tank being replaced and connected, cock is opened, llowing pressure to be taken against valve controlled by flexible connecting link Op rung this valve allows pressure to pass into fuel tanks. By rotating firing handl In a clockwise direction, fuel is forced through the metal pipe. Simultaneou Iy I" Igniter head is actuated, automatically firing the fuel stream. When not in u ,filing handle must be kept in the forward

position, otherwise fuel will escape,

IGNITER HEAD: Action is similrn 10 that of an ordinary revolver. Magazine housed under knurled collar, contain II n blank ballistite cartridges. When firing lever is turned through 90· magazin< I rotilted. striker released and cartridge fired. Flash from the explosion ignites fuel Ir. In. A safety catch is provided for locking

the firing lever in a fixed safe POSition.

OTHER TYPES: The "Type 100" differs considerably as regards the firing tube, and is approximately 12 in. short r than the Type 93.

Page 113

"ISHII" WATER FILTER

w Q_

a: > ct'

~

Page 114

"ISHII" WATER FILTER

The outfit consists of a hand pump and filter w;th a flexible intake pipe. The external surfaces are nickel-plated but have been painted with either grey or olive green paint, depending on the arm to whieh It I I ued (Navy, Grey;' Army, Olive

Green) .

USE: The hand pump is firmly fixed nrl thl' corrugated inlet pipe is placed

in the source of supply. Close the r(l\c.l~' I. P and begin pumping. When water leaks from the escape cock, close th ()(~ and water will flow through the •

delivery' pipe.

The pump is of single-action, Iorr u IY!,I The piston is 1.8 ern in diameter

and 18 cm in length. Total weight of till filler IS 1,689 gms (3.75 lb l ,

FILTRATION: Is brought about hy porous clay tube 3.8 cm in diameter,

running the full length of the main eyllnd. I It is cleaned by rotating the delivery pipe, thus causing it to r.otate within Ih, cylinder and be cleaned by two wire brushes fixed within the wall of the 111 111 cylinder.

OPERATION: On the upwards tlol· , the water is drawn via the inlet pipe, into the pump cylinder. On the downward stroke, the valve in the force pump ontainer is closed. Water is then Iorced into the main cylinder and by further pumping, through the filter tube and r leased via the delivery pipe.

Page 115

EARLY MODEL TANKETTE

Page 116

EARLY MODEL TAN KETTE

This vehicle is reported to be the M2592 (1932).

CHARACTERISTICS:
Weight .. 3 tons Hull front 14mm
Dimensions- Hull Id s 8mm
Length 11ft En me 4 cylinder air cooled
.. Width 5 ft 3 in 40-45 HP
Height . 5 ft 4 in r I lor mance-
Clearance 13} in rcnch 4 ft 6 in
Crew 2 men (driver and .;tcll .. 2 ft 1 in
gunner) r ording 2ft
Armament MG ball-mount d Gradient 30·
in turret Max speed 20-25 mph
Armour- Range of action 100 miles
Turret 14mm In tcrcom' cation Flag SUSPENSION: 4 bogie wheels coup] d in pairs and sprung by coil springs. springs are protected by armour, th assembly resembling a long cylinder mounted horizontally on the side of th hull. There is a front sproket, a rear idler

nd two return rollers.

Page 117

LA),"ER MODEL TANKETTE

Page 118

SUSPENSION: 4 bogie wheels ouplcd in pairs and sprung by coil springs.

These springs are protected by armour , the assembly resembling a long cylinder mounted horizontally on the side of th hull. Instead of a rear idler, this tank has a large rear bogie wheel in addition to. the 4 small ones. This wheel returns the track. There is a front sprocket, ann two return rollers.

It is known that this model or 11 tan] otte of similar specifications also mounts a 37 mm gun in the turret in place of the MG.

LATER MODEL TANKETTE

This vehicle is believed to be the M2597 (1937).

CHARACTERISTICS:

Weight .. 4 tons (approx l 111I11 front 14 mm
Dimensions- Hu!l ides 8 mm
length 12 ft [n II' 55 HP
Width 6 ft P",lorl1l"ncc-
Height 5 ft 9 in 1 ranch 5 ft 3 in
Clearance 13-} in StL'P 2 ft 1 in
Crew 2 men (driver and r ording 2 ft 6 in
gunner) Gradient 34"
Armament 1 MG ball mount rI Max Speed 28 mph
in turret
Armour- Range of Action 61 miles
Turret 14 mm Intercom'cation Flag Page 119

RECENT MODEL LICHT TANK

RECENT MODEL LICHT TANK

This vehicle is believed to be the M2595 (19351.

CHARACTERISTICS:

Armour

Hull

Front 12 mm Stdcs 10 12 mm I I 12 mrn lop .. 6-9 mm l3ully. 9 mm

Est. 9 tons laden

Weight .. DimensionsLength . Width. Height. Clearance

Crew

Turret Front sides

[;, back 12 mm

Top 9 mm

CupolaSides .. 12 rnrn Top •. 6 mm

14 ft 4} in 6 ft 9in

7 ft O} in IS} in

3 or 4 men

Armament: 1-37 mm Type 94 In front of turret; 1-7 mm MG in rear of turret; 1-7.7 mm MG in left front of hu II.

Ammunition: 37 mm-130 rds (1 He to 1.35 APHE); SAA-2970 yci (approx. )

Intercommunication: Believed to be by flag.

t ngme : 6 cylinder inline Diesel developes 200-250 bhp at 2,000 rpm

Pcrformance-

Trench, 6 ft 0 in Gradient 40· Step, ~ ft 8 in Maximum speed Fording, 3 ft 3 in, 28 mph

Range, 100 miles (approx)

SUSPENSION: There are 4 bogi wheels mounted in pairs, each pair being Ii e to rock about a sprung bell crank rrn. These are sprung by horizontal compression coil springs which are encr sed in 4 mm armour. There is a front sprocket, rear idler and two return idlers. A prototype of this tank is lighter with aIlS HP I ngine. In some cases the suspension varies, the bogie wheel brackets being inverted.

Page 121

Page 120

Height 7 ft 6 in Engine: 'IV" 12 cylinder air cooled
Clearance 1 ft 6 in Diesel
Crew: 4 men (driver, hull gunner, Performance-
turret gunner and commander) Trench 8 ft 6 in
Armament: A short barrelled 57 mm
gun in front of turret; 1 'MG ball- Step 2 ft 6 in
mounted in rear of turret; 1 MG Fording 3 ft 6 in
... ball-mounted in left front of hull
Intercommunication: One tank p r Gradient 35·
troop is fitted with wireless Max Speed 25 mph RECENT MODEL MEDIUM TANK

Page 122 •

RECENT MODEL MEDIUM TANK

This vehicle is the M2597 (1937).

Weight .. DimensionsLength Width.

15 ton

CHARACTER 'ST;CS:

Ammunition: Approx 100 rds of 57 mm (1 APHE to 2 HE)

20 ft 0 in 7 ft 6 in

Armour: Up to 25 rnrn, perhaps up to 30 mm.

SUSPENSION: There are 6 small bogie wheels of ~he split type. The leading and trailing wheels are mounted mdopendently. The centr~ 4 ar7 mounted i~ pairs on sprung bell crank arms. Springs for these are enclosed In an armoured casing on the side of the hull. There is a front sprocket, a rear idler and 3 small return rollers, the middle one of which is smaller than the other two.

• Page 123

VARIATION OF RECENT MODEL MEDIUM TANK

Page 124

VARIATION OF RECENT MODEL MEDIUM TANK

Few details are known of this model, it is not certain whether it is an earlier or later model than that shown on page 123. The main differences are that the turret has a rectangular back, the cupola lids are different in shape, no aerial is fitted, and in place of the short barrelled '57 mm a longer barrelled gun, approximately 47 mm in calibre, is fitted in rhe front 01 the turret. Both the rear turret and hull front MG's are retained.

This tank may be slightly smaller nd lighter than that shown on page 123.

Page 125

Page 126

NEW MODEL AMPHIBIOUS TANK

Armoudmaximum) 13.2 mm

Crew .. 4

Suspension: 4 bogie wheels in two pairs, 1 large rear bogie return wheel, 1 front sprocket and 2 return rollers. The compression spring is mounted within the vehicle.

Aerial photographs taken in November, 1943, south of RABAUL, show twelve tanks of a hitherto unidentified model. The following specifications have been obtained from a preliminary report on a similar tank captured in the South Pacific Area.

CHARACTERISTICS:

Weight Length Width

13 tons t approx ) 15ft 8 in

9 ft 2 in

Flotation is achieved by bow and stern pontoons which are attached by quick release clamps operated from within the vehicle. Twin propellers are permanently fitted to the rear of the vehicle. Twin rudders are fitted to the rear pontoon.

Height 7' ft 6 in

Armament: 1-37 mm gun and 1-7.7 mm MG co-axially mounted in turret. 1-7.7 mm MG in left front hull.

Page 127 ..

DAIHATSU (ARMY) LARCE MLC

This barge is termed Type "A" La di C f

(DAIHATSU) in AAF Intelligence Informat'~ Ing ra t (Army) in ONI 225-J; Large M

by C-12 FMAC;and often referred to as La;g~ ~~,!,~;;~d~'['CNO. S~~ALcarge MLC (DAIItlATSU

t IS considered. that as the name DAITHATSU' In reports.

formations, the official designation should be DAI HATS'SU c(oAmmon to reports made by rmy) Large MLC.

CHARACTERISTICS:

Length .. Beam .. Height .. Draught . Freeboard Engine .. Speed .. Capacity Crew Page 128

40-50 ft

12 ft (approx) 6-7 ft

2-3 ft

2-3 ft

6 cyl diesel or gasoline 9-12- knots

5-100 personnel

7 -10 personnel

Armour E .

Armament .. 2" ". ngme, coxwain's shield

MGs In South Pacific. 1 mounted 31 mm field piece in South Pacific. Troops earned use SA in possession.

Weight . ..

Anchor

Drive

8 ton

Large stern anchor weighed by hand propellor, unbalanced rudder

TOKU DAIHATSU SPECIAL LARCE MLC

This barge has been classified by a PW as the TOKU DAIHATSU and reported in CICSOPAC Information Bulletin. NGF Weekly Intelligence Summary No. 160 also reported on

this craft as a 65 ft barge. type unknown.

As information given in these reports bear cut PW's statements, it is considered thaI

\the official designation should be TOKU DAIHATSU Special Large MlC.

_=

65 ft. 17ft

CHAR.ACTERISTICS.

Capacity

Crew Armour Armament

Weight .

Anchorage

170-200 personnel eqpd or

20 ton. 8-10

Hull. welded steel. Unknown.

15 ton

Vertical, winch - weighed

anchor.

2. Archimedes type propellers enclosed in steel guards. Twin rudders.

Page 129

Length Beam Height-bow to

C;~~~~ne a~d 6 ft (approx)

stein to waterline

Draught Engine Speed

4 ft 6 in 4 ft

2 - 70 HP 5-10 knots

Drive

diesels

YAMMASEN (SAMPAN) CARCO TYPE BARCE

The straight, jutting prow observed in earlier types appears to have been abandoned favour of a curved bow, apparently making the craft more seaworthy and better able withstand beaching impact.

This craft has been reported In ON I 225-J as a Type "G" Landing Craft.

To avoid confusion in referring to these craft, it is considered that the official should be YAMMASEN (Sampan) Cargo Type Barge.

CHARACTERISTICS

Length Beam. Engine Speed

52 ft 13ft3in Gasoline 8 knots.

Cnpacttv Armour Armament Construe+len

50 personnel Nil

Nil

Wood

Page 130

SHOHATSU (SMALL TYPE)

. . f craft may be launched from the deck of ." Landing

It is believed that this tYP6 f 2 . Its appoarance re5rmbles a merchant life-boat.

Craft Carrier by crane or ~avlt·m -"B"mL~nding Craft In ONI 225-J; Small MLC (SHOOHH~+~~:

Ttlis barge IS reporte a~. YMPe dum No 15' and Small Landing Barge (SH

In AAF Intelligence Information emoran .,

by C2-FMAC. h SHOHAT U i common to reports made by these

f _ tit is ctohneSidoefff~althj':Siga~a:io~ ~~~u~d be HOIIATSU (Small Type)

0, ma Ions,

Length Beam Heigh" Draught Engine Speed Crew

30-35 ft 6-9 ft 5-6 ft

3 ft (approx)

1 -60 HP diesel 8-10 knots

5 (appro;')

CHARACTERISTICS Armour Armament Capacity .. Weight

Anchorage

Poss. shield in bow 1 -7 mm MG in bow

30 personnel or 3} ton 3-4 ton (approx l

Stern anchor weighed by hand Wood with

Construction

steel reinforcements

Page 131

HYDROPLANE

The slim, relatively sp d f' .

mounted high on the stern~e y era t IS distinguished by the air screw propel lor and

Flat bottom construction and . ~~r~i~1 'daccessible to other barges. a;~c~f~ P~~puISion enables this craft to operate

esignation should be "HYDROPLANE"

length Beam Height Draught Engine

Page 132

"'~-' ,

60 ft I approx) 10ft I approx) 3-5 ft

1 ft I loaded) Aircraft type

powered)

CHARACT RISTlCS ~,..rd Cnpncity Armour

Armament Construction

1 0 knots

60 personnel I approx) Shield in bow

1 or 2 MG's

Wood

TILLER TYPE

This craft was used extensively for unloading transports at WEWAK and HANSA BAY. . Unarmed and unarmoured, it is highly vulnerable to attack.

\.. Some of these craft have a clipper bow, whilst others have a sampan type. The stern an"tl bow appear to be decked over.

These craft are often used lashed together in pairs to make a large lighter with a common deck capable of carrying large machines or equipment. The same barge, not powered has been reported to be towed by the DAIHATSU Speci al Large MLC.

IT is considered, that owing to the unmist"kable tiller at the rear, this craft should be for identification purposes, officially design.J1cd TILLER TYPE:

CHARACTERISTICS

Length Beam Engine Capacity

38 ft 6 in 11 ft

Gasoline I some not powC'rod I 60 personnel (appr ox)

Armour Armament Construction Steerage ..

Nil Nil Wood

Hand controlled tiller

Page 133

I often nol

. CQLLAPSIBLE RUBBER BOATS

The following Information has been obtain .

are approximate The undermentioned character'ledt' from various sources, and all of this craft SICS are thought to be of the

LengthExternal lnternal

WidthExternal

8 ft Sft Weight

6 ft 3 ft

Internal 100 Ib I approx)

2 3 personnel Hand paddled

Capacity .. Propulsion

. The large type Collapsible R bb B

~onatelY larger than the type rep~rtedr ab~~~ m~h corry up to 12 personnel and IS

ay carry one or two cersonncl Th ere are apparently two other types

than the dimensions given abov'e e one or two man craft would be proportionately sma

Th is type of e-raf+ . . ..

COLLAPSI BLE RUBBER BOA~S.g to the" likeness to each other, should be collectively design

1 2 3 11t2 is possible that there are Large and Small types of thO f

_ _ _ or more personnel. IS cra t, capable of carryi

Page 134

COLLAPSIBLE ASSAULT CRAFT

This craft is reported in NGF Intelligence Summary No. 137 to be collapsible. Two sections fold inboard onto the floor. ONI 225-J report this craft to have a movable crossbeam which provi,des a convenient mean~ of al<ering the inboard compartment arrangement. .

I t is considered that as this craft is comparatively light in weight and collapsible, It should be officially designated COLLAPSIBLE ASSAULT CRAFT.

Length Beam Height Engine

Speed

CHARACTERISTICS Capacity Armour Armament Weight

Nil

400 Ib (approx) Steel and plywood

16-20 personnel

16-21 ft 5-7 ft 2-3 ft

Inboard and poss eurboard. fitted with oars

8-10 knots

Nil

Construction

Page 135

These ,0 called la d PICKET B.OAT

be used to land troo . n Ing craft are actually small

naissance and patrol PJu~n small numbers. They are usedgUn . bloats. a:though trey may

As these craft ar/'actuall . main y to SUpport landings.

official designation should be S y IIbullt on patrol or gunboat

.~"c;CT '0.0

- ---=

~~

Lengtl-u Beam Draught Height Engines Speed

CHARACTERISTICS Armour

Armour plate hull

waterline. under

ordinary steel

Fore turret. 1-20 rnrn :

tre turret. 1-37 •

turret. 1 -20 mm HMGs fitted .

18 ton Single

Large stern anchor by hand

Hand operated

45-50 ft 10-12 ft

4 ft 6 in (approx) 9-10 ft

1-350 HP diesel or gasoli-ie Makx .35 knots. cruising I 5

nots

170 miles (approx)

50 personnel (approx) 5-15 personnel

Arrnoment

Weight Keel . Anchor

Turrets

Range

• Capacity Crew Page 136

MOTOR TORPEDO BOAT

These craft show a marked resemblance to the Dutch MTB and it is considered possible that they are actually captured Dutch boats converted. Six Dutch boats of this class were sunk in action and later raised by th€! Japanese at SOURABAYA NAVAL BASE. It is thought that they were repaired and alterations rrade by installing torpedo tubes and depth charge dropping gear. These craft were apparently commissioned in MAY 43.

It is considered this type of craft should be designated MOTOR TORPEDO BOAT.

Length

Beam Draught Displacerr.ent

Engines Speed

60-65 ft 12-15 ft 2-4 ft

13 ton (empty). (loaded I

3-450 HP

30-33 knots

CHARACTERISTICS Crew Armour

CO and 8 personnel Unknown

1-7.7

l'r ton

Armament

mm MG forward; poss 1-20 mm cannon.

;~~;es ~~~ 8 fr~m ~OT~d6

depth charges.

Page 137

LICHT TYPE RESPIRATOR

LIGHT TYPE RESPIRATOR·

Page 138

Generally similar to the "Standard Type" rnspirator except that:

( 1) The whole respirator is colour d green.

(2) The container is made of .1i1l1nll1lum or brass, is smaller and lighter.

(3) There is an' inner auxihat y ll1il~1

AUXILIARY MASi<: An auxiliary Inll III Inside the main facepiece as shown II the opposite page. It has an all-rubb r Inlet valve in front of the nose and fits, means of a rubber D section tub 0 11110 the main valve holder. Its functiCln is ensure a perfectly gas tight fit .1I1d tn prevent the moisture in the exhaled air h om dimming the eyepieces.

Pa~e 13')

STANDARD TYPE RESPIRATOR

Page 140

ANTI-DIM DISCS

CLEANlf':lG CLOTH ANTI-FREEZE COMPOUND

COTTON WOOL

DECONT AM I NATION POWDER

STANDARD TYPE RESPIRATOR

GENERAL DESCRI PTION: The "standard type" respirator consists of a faceRiece, cannister and connecting tube, carried in a haversack, which also contains various accessories shown on opposite page.

THE FACEPIECE is of rubber, covered on the inside with stockinette embedded in the rubber. Tissot channels are built in. Thickness 1.8 mm (0.07 in), Weight 507 grn (1 -} lbs) .

THE CONNECTING TUBE is 292 111111 (1 q in) long and has 28 corrugations.

mm

Maximum outside diameter, 38 min (11 in), minimum outside diameter, 20 (13/16 in).

THE CONTAINER is oval in ~h'll'l and is made of brass plate covered with green 'lacquer. Weight 759 gm (1 II; 11 oz ) .

Page 141

STANDARD TYPE RESPIRATOR ACCESSORIES

SYRINGE FOR ANTI FREEZE LIQUID

Page 142

OPTICAL EYEPIECE

ANTI-DIM DISCS

ANTI-FREEZE COMPOUND

STANDARD TYPE RESPIRATOR ACCESSORIES

SYRINGE FOR ANTI FREEZE LIQUID: A black, plastic tube with a nozzle at dne end and a rubber squeeze-bulb at the other.

\

~NTI-DIM DISCS: Transparent celluloid discs 21 in in diameter, coated on each side with a film of cellophane. Packed in a black, plastic box 2~- x 21 x {- in.

OPTICAL EYEPIECES: When wearing a respirator, these optical eyepieces are fixed within the facepiece of the respirator for use with binoculars or a range finder. The optical eye pieces, are in reality, extensions to the lens of the optical instrument, excluding any extraneous light from passing through the respirator eyepiece to the eye.

ANTI-FREEZING COMPOUND is contained in a small green-lacquered, brass flask 63 mm (2-1- in) high, by 48 mm (H in) wide, by 8 mm (5/16 in) thick and approximately -1- oz in capacity. The flask is closed with a rubber stopper in which is fitted a short length of nickel-plated brass wire carryirig a small swab.

Page 143

TYPE 93 No.2 RESPIRATOR

TYPE 93 No.2 RESPIRATOR

Page 144

FACEPIECE: Is of rubber of total thickness 0075 in. The layer next to the fac~ is of white rubber and is covered externallv with grey rubberized stockinette. lye ieces are specially shaped and held in position by aluminium rims. The connectmg ube is 21 in (534 rnrn) long and hils a slrp-cn fitting to the container. Weight of fa~Piece andi connecting tube 504 gms (lib 3 ozs ) .

AIN CONTAINER: Is relatively 1,1IEl<' and of oval section. It is constructed of sw ged tin plate painted grey.

\

AN AUXILIARY CONTAINER: Is provided to give protection against carbon

monoxide (a gas formed by explosions. h'll,linfl cordite in a confined space, erc.l .

It is normally kept plugged, as It 10 i is efficiency by absorbing moisture. A

"substitute plug" is provided for' traln;ng. I "i~ is inserted in the inlet of the main container and offers the same resistance In I>rcilthing as does the auxiliary container.

THE HAVERSACK: Is design·r! ill halo the facepiece without the container.

It is made from cotton canvas and I' 7 inches long, 8 inches deep and 2t inches thick. There is a patch pocket 3 in '1'Io1r Inside the haversack.

THE WEBBING CARRIER: Is til Iflned to allow the container to be carried either on the back or on the chest.

THE CASE: The whole outfit IS Coni.lined in a grey pressed fibre case with a metal frame 13} x 9} x 4i in.

Page 145

TYPE 93 No.3 RESPIRATOR

Page 146

TYPE 93 No.3 RESPIRATOR

FACEPIECE and connecting tube are almost identical with those of the Type 93 No.2 Respirator. Weight of facepiece and tube-472 g. (lib 1 oz l .

CONTAINER: Similar in general appearance to the Type 93 No.2 container, but smaller (weight 737 g-1 Ib 10 oz l , I t is made of swaged tin plate lacquered grey .. Two rubber bungs are supplied. The auxiliary container giving protection against carbon monoxide (described under Type 93 No.2).

HAVERSACK: This is made of calion canvas with cotton webbing. Approximate dimensions are 11 in deep by 8 in wide by 4 in thick. There are two waist straps and a carrying strap with metal bud I and hook. Inside are two pockets, one for the container, the other for the ant I climming compound. The haversack is closed by tying together two webbing strnps

Page 147

CIVI~IAN RESPIRATOR No. lA

Page 148

CIVILIAN RESPIRATOR No. lA

GENERAL: Samples of this respirator were captured at Milne Bay and at GuatJalcanal. The respirator consists of a f accprece, container, connecting tube and haversack packed in a cardboard carton. The weights are:-

Facepiece .. Connecting Tube Container

376 gms (13<1- ozs) 121 gms (4} ozs) 730 gms (lib 9} ozs)

1,227 gms (2 Ib II <1- ozs )

Total

FACEPIECE is of tan coloured Ilihill I to which a layer of coarse fabric has been pressed externally. Harness I ,t inched at six points to the facepiece by straps. Half of each strap is fabnc IIld tho rest ribbed rubber.

CONTAINER is oval in cross ~ (tllll1 and is made of tin plate lacquered buff.

Dimensions 142 mm x 68 mm x I')') mm (51 in x 2~- in x 6 ln) .

Page 149

Page 150

CIVILIAN RESPIRATOR No.2

CIVILIAN RESPIRATOR No.2

GENERAL DESCRIPTION: The respirator consists of a facepiece, screw-in container, haversack and hair net packed in a cardboard box 5 in x 6in x 10 in. The weights are:-

Facepiece 309 gm (11 ozs l

Container 373 gm (13 ozs )

Haversack 96 grn (3} ozs)

Total 778 grn (1 Ib 111ozs)

The Facepiece is made of rubber 11r1 15 covered externally with khaki coloured fabric. Harness attached at five p in t by sewn loops carrying buckles. Half of each strap made from fabric, remaind r <l ribbed rubber strap stitched to a rubber harness pad.·

The Container is pressed tinned steel plate, covered with enamel. A label on the container gives instructions for use.

Pilge 151

DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT

1

70m.m

,57m.!n -

Page 152

+--' 38 m.m .--~

DECONTAMINATION EQUIPMENT

T~ OF DECONTAMINATION POWDER: Oval in cross section. 57 x 32 x 70 mm (2-1- x I} x 2{ in) made of tinned plate, painted dark khaki-green with characters painted in white on both sides of the container.

,

Contents are 44 gms (l-} oz) of fine, white powder. Method of use is to add water to powder in the tin and shake until a thin paste is formed. Remove the blister gas "with cotton lint" and apply the paste and rub it in lightly.

CLASS "An OINTMENT: This is a white powder contained in a cylindrical aluminium case with a screw cap at each end. Dimensions: 38 mm x 76 mm (l} in x 3 in). Removal of til top cap uncovers a flat plate perforated with small holes like a pepper shaker.

Page 153

CAS SATCHEL

ABSORBENT PAPeR

ROPE FIBRE

Page 154

J

CARDBOARD T

BLEACH TINS

TAPE

CAS SATCHEL

DIMENSIONS:" cm x 11 cm X 15 cm (45/16 in x 45/16 in x 5~ in),

THE SATCHEL is constructed of brownish-yellow, reinforced rubber fabric.

It is divided into two compartments by a vertical partition.

CONTENTS:-

(a) 13 cardboard tags-ends coloured red. . Presumably gas warning signs.

Ib) 2 rolls of red tape 1 cm wid, presumably for marking out' contaminated

areas.

Ie) 5 pieces of thick blotting fl,'I''' cach 12 cm x 6 cm (4J in x 2·~· in).

Presumably for removing liquid vesicant.

(d) 1 metre 139t in) of 100' 'Iy twisted hempen fibre. Use unknown.

Ie) One packet of phosgom d II ctor papers. These turn yellow in the presence of phosgene.

If) 4 tins each 15 cms x 3.5 WO', 2.5 cms (5·~· in x 1'~ in x 15/16 in),

containing 51 gms (1.8 czs) of high grade bleaching powder.

Page 155

Page 156

PAPER CAPE

PAPER CAPE

DIMENSIONS:-

Cape: 128.2 x 236.2 ern (501 in x 93 in).

Pouch: 21.6 x 16.5 x 8.9 cm (81 in x 61 in x 31 in). Weight with pouch: 8l ozs.

NOTE: It is thought tha t this item may be an anti-gas cape. If this is so it would be of little use as th method of packing causes many creases and the

material is immediately penc tr ated by mustard gas where creased.

Page 157

LICHT ANTI-CAS SUIT

Page 158

LICHT ANTI-CAS SUIT

The outfit consists of trousers, gloves, boots and clothing bag, all of a grey colour. The gloves are of rubber, the remainder of rubberised silk.

Another outfit included a jacket with a hood attached.

Page 159

HEAVY RUBBER SUIT

Page 160

HEAVY RUBBER SUIT

It is thought that this suit may be for the use of decontamination parties.

The sample examined was remarkable In that It would fit a man 6 ft 2 in tall.

The suit is made in one piece. th hood and boots being welded to the body.

Presumably gauntlets would be worn

Total weight 10.5 Kg (23 Ih I

Page 161

TOXIC SMOKE CENERATORS

220mm

LARGE DC TYPE

TYPE 167 K

TYPE 136A

Palle 162

TOXIC SMOKE CENERATORS

DIMENSIONS:

LARGE DC TYPE:
Length . . . 220 mm (8.7 in) Filling
Diameter 110 mm (4.3 in) Colour
Total Weight 1.9 Kg Band
TYPE 167K:
Length . 206 mm (8.1 in) Filling
Diameter 51.5 mm (2 in) Colour
Total Weight 1055 gms Band
TYPE 1612K:
Length. 207 mm (8.1 inl Filling
Diameter 59 mm (2.3 inl Colour
Total Weight 958 gms Band
TYPE 136A:
Length . 175 mm (5.35 \11) Filling
Diameter 55 mm (2.16 In) Colour
Total Weight 320 gms Band
TYPE 1411A:
Length . 223 mm l8.8 in) Filling
Diameter 111 mm l43 in) Colour
Total Weight 1508.5 gms Band DC

Dark Green Red

DA Acid Greenish Grey Red

DC Brown Red

DA or DC

Light or Bluish Grey Red

DC Brown Red

Page 163

TYPE 99-SELF PROJECTINC SMOKE CENERATOR

DI MENS IONS :

Length . Diameter

207 mm (8.14 in) 53mm (2.13inl

Will hI

1,238 grams (2.84 lbs l

Colour Colour Bands Charging

Cllo(olale Brown NOI1f'

HCr

Page 164

TYPE 94A-SMOKE GENERATOR

- 176""rn~- --

DIMENSIONS:

Length Dla';"eter

180 mm (7 in)

53 mm 12.13 In)

986 grams 12 Ib 3 oz 1

Weight of smoke

composition 851 grams 11 Ib 14 oz )

Colour

Colour Bands' Chargir,g

Grass Gre!''' None

CTC

Page 165

SMOKE CENERATOR-WHITE BAND

176 lUll'

Page 166

SMOKE CENERATOR-WHITE BAND

DIMENSIONS:

Length . Diameter

176 mm (5.35 in) 54 mm (2.12 in)

Colour Colour Bands Charging ..

Weight .. 946 grams (21b 2oz)

Weight of smoke

cornposi tion 870 grams (lib 15 oz )

Dark Green

White band 10 mm wide near top

CTC

NOTE: The sample examined (and illustrated) had no lid or striker block but it is presumed that these exist.

Page 161

TYPE 94 MODEL B SMOKE FLOAT

800'Y'm

....

I Page168

TYPE 94 MODEL B SMOKE FLOAT

DIMENSIONS:

Height overall

80 ems (31.4 in)

Diameter

8 ems (3.14in)

Colour Grey

Colour Bands None

Charging .. HCE

Weigh't complete (without float) About 5,750 gms (12 Ib 11 ozs l

f Ch . About 4,830 gms (10 Ib 10 ozs)

Weight 0 argmil· .

NOTE: Two types of Igniters are supplied-

(i) A hand grenade fuse operated by striking "with a wooden mallet".

(ii) A time fuse consisting of match head, length of safety fuse and a detonator.

Page 16CJ

C S A SMOKE FLOAT

1050 'I' en

Page 170

, ,

o m N

C S A SMOKE FLOAT

DIMENSIONS:

Height overall 915 mm (36 in)

Height body. 356 mm (14 in)

Diameter 289 mm (1 1 .3 in)

Outer -diameter of float

Colour

Colour Bands Charging

Weight of charging 23.2 Kg (51 {- lb)

Weight charged. 41.6 Kg (91llb)

Weight empty.. 17.9Kg(39} Ib)

762 mm (30 in)

Not known Not known

C S A Mixture

NOTE: The pressure for ope rat mg this smoke emitter is generated by burning cordite.

Page 171

10 KILOGRAM SMOKE GENERATOR

< 40." '"

Page 172

10 KILOGRAM SMOKE GENERATOR

DIMIONSIONS:

Height Diameter

24 em (9.4 in) 15 em (5.9 in)

Colour

Colour Bands Charging

Weight

Weight of charging

Neutral grey None

eTC

22 Ib 3 oz 20 Ib 11 oz

Page 173

LACHRYMATORY CENERATORS

Small Type (Lachrymatory Cenerator Mark A)

,

Page 174

E E CO I!)

LACHRYMATORY CENERATORS

Small Type (Lachrymatory Cenerator Mark A)

132mm (5.2in)

Diameter

167 g (6ozs)

CAP filling

Colour Markings

Grey green Label on body

NOTE: Described as a "Green Generator A".

58 mm (2.28 in)

54 g (2ozs)

Page 175

162K-LACHRYMATORY CENERATOR

~-------- 176 •. "

I Page 176

1~2K':_LACHRYMATORY CENERATOR

176mm (6.9in) 57 mm (2.24 in)

Colour Colour Band Markings ..

WEIGHTS:

Total

CAP filling

240 g (8.47 oz s l .130 g 14.590zs)

Dark grey Green

On lid-162 In white. K in red

,

Page 177

CAP HAND CRENADE

Type 89 Mark C

Page 178

CAP HAND CRENADE

Type 89 Mark C

MENSIONS OF GRENADE: (made of celluloid)

Length 133mm (5.2in)

WE~HT:

!tal . . .. 308g (11 ozs)

emical filling 137g (4.9 ozs)

C \ LOUR: Container Silver Grey.

Diameter .

53 mm (2.5 in)

Burster .

4g (O.14ozs) (Black powder)

Marking on lid of specimen examined: "Tear G. Container Type 89 Mark C.

Manufactured September, 1937, Gunpowd r Factory."

NOTE: Illustration is of container only.

Page 179

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