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'fable 103.

1-1, extracted from the ACI 3181, gives In the tendon with distance from the jacking end.
friction coefficients for common strand and duct The friction is comprised of two effects: curvature
materials. The post-tensioning supplier should friction which is a function of the tendon's profile,
be consulted for friction coefficients of duct and and wobble friction which is the result of minor
coating materials not shown. horizontal or vertical angular deviations from
TABLE 10.3.1-1 Friction Coefficients for the design-Intended profile. Curvature friction is
Post-Tensioned Tendons (7169) greatest where there are short spans with fairly
Wobble Curvature large changes in profile.
Coefficient K coefficient
rad/ft [rad/m)
; p /radian 10.3.3 Seating Losses due to Seating of Strand
Wire 0.0010-0.0015 After they are stressed, tendons are typically
Grouted tendons in

tendons (0.0033.0.0049) anchored with two-piece conical wedges . The

metal sheathing

strand retracts when it is released and pulls the

0.0001-0.0006 wedges into the anchorage device; this forces the
strength 0.09-0.30
bars (0.0003-0.0020) wedges together and locks the strand In place.
The stress loss due to seating Is somewhat hard
7 - w ir e 0.0005-0.0020
strand 0.150.25 to calculate because the loss in elongation is fairly
small (it depends on both the jack and Jacking
Wire 0.0010-0.00W

0.05-0.15 procedure.) In addition, the loss in elongation


tendons (0.0033-0.00661
Unbonded tendons

(referred to as anchor set, or draw-In) is resisted

7-wire 0.0010-0.0020 0.05-0.15 by friction much as the elongation itself is resisted
strand (0.0033-0.0066)
by friction.
Wire 0.0003-0.0020
tendons (0.0010-0.0066)

7-wire 0.0003-0.0020 Calculation of the stress loss is typically done

0.05-0.15 as an iterative process. Refer to Fig. 10.3.3-2a.
strand (0.0010-0.0066)
After anchor set, the region of stress distribution
affected by the loss In stress Is the mirror image
10. 3.2 Elongation of the associated stress curve under jacking force.
Figure 10.3.2-1(a) shows a typical post-tensioning The extent of the influence of anchor set is shown
tendon profile. When the jacking force, Pj. is applied as ne For the calculation of distance 'Ic" an anchor
at the stressing end, the tendon will elongate in set Influence length "a" is chosen (Fig. 10. 3.3-2b).
accordance with the following formula: An elongation 4. for the selected distance 'a" is
calculated using the formula:

(Exp 10.3.2-1) A
A= 1 =dx s=At i(PT P
Where, Where,
A = cross-sectional area of the tendon; A = tendon cross sectional area;
ELY = the element of length along tendon; dx = clement of distance along tendon length;
Es = modulus of elasticity of the prestressing Es = modulus of elasticity of tendon;
steel (typically taken as either 28000 or Pa = force in tendon under jacking stress at
28500 Its the assumed anchor set distance "o";
(193054 MPa or 196502 MPa) ;
Px = force in tendon at distance 5e. from the
Px = tendon force at distance x from the stressing end; and
jacking end; and A
= elongation associated with the assumed
a = calculated elongation. anchor set Influence length "a".

This elongation will be resisted by friction between

the strand and its sheathing or duct, however. As a
result of this friction, there will be a drop in the force