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Explain the concept of Information

Technology
Is the use of computers and software to manage information. In
some companies, this is referred to as Management Information
Services (or MIS) or simply as Information Services (or IS).
(http://jobsearchtech.about.com/od/careersintechnology/p/ITDefi
nition.htm)
As defined by the Information Technology Association of America
(ITAA), is "the study, design, development, implementation,
support or management of computer-based information systems,
particularly software applications and computer hardware."[1]IT
deals with the use of electronic computers and computer software
to convert, store, protect, process, transmit, and securely retrieve
information.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Information_technology)
So we see that Information Technology
is:
Computers
Software
Information Management
History Timeline
Basic Periods:
Pre-mechanical
Pens, paper, tablets, abacus
Mechanical
Pascaline, Babbage Machines, etc.
Electromechanical
Beginning of Telecom, Hollerith
Electronic
Vacuum Tubes, Integrated Circuits, etc
Computing
Computer Science
Software Engineering
Computer Engineering
Information Systems
Computing Curricula 2005[1] defined "computing" as:
"In a general way, we can define computing to mean any goal-
oriented activity requiring, benefiting from, or creating
computers. Thus, computing includes designing and building
hardware and software systems for a wide range of purposes;
processing, structuring, and managing various kinds of
information; doing scientific studies using computers; making
computer systems behave intelligently; creating and using
communications and entertainment media; finding and
gathering information relevant to any particular purpose, and so
on.
The term "computing" has sometimes been
narrowly defined as:
The discipline of computing is the systematic study
of algorithmic processes that describe and
transform information: their theory, analysis,
design, efficiency, implementation, and
application. The fundamental question underlying
all computing is "What can be (efficiently)
automated?"
Computer engineering is a discipline that
integrates several fields of electrical
engineering and computer science required
to develop computer hardware and software
Computer science (abbreviated CS or CompSci)
is the scientific and practical approach to
computation and its applications. It is the
systematic study of the feasibility, structure,
expression, and mechanization of the
methodical processes (or algorithms) that
underlie the acquisition, representation,
processing, storage, communication of, and
access to information, whether such information
is encoded in bits and bytes in a computer
memory or transcribed engines and protein
structures in a human cell.
Software engineering (SE) is the application
of a systematic, disciplined, quantifiable
approach to the design, development,
operation, and maintenance of software, and
the study of these approaches; that is, the
application of engineering to software
In layman's terms, it is the act of using
insights to conceive, model and scale a
solution to a problem
Information system (IS) is the study of
complementary networks of hardware and
software (see information technology) that
people and organizations use to collect, filter,
process, create, and distribute data
The study bridges business and computer
science using the theoretical foundations of
information and computation to study
various business models and related
algorithmic processes within a computer
science discipline.
Computer Information System(s) (CIS) is a
field studying computers and algorithmic
processes, including their principles, their
software and hardware designs, their
applications, and their impact on society