hydraulic

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hydraulic

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2. What is the difference between the terms Fluid Power, Hydraulics

and Pneumatics?

3. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of Fluid Power.

4. Differentiate between Fluid Transport and Fluid Power System.

5. Name the six basic components required in hydraulic circuit and

their functions.

6. List five applications of fluid power in automotive industry.

7. Explain one application of fluid power with details.

8. What is the difference between viscosity and viscosity index.

9. A liter of SAE 30 oil weighs 8.70 N. Calculate the oil's

a. Specific weight ()

b. Density ()

c. Specific gravity (SG)

10. Convert a -2kPa pressure to an absolute pressure in kPa .

11.A 30m- long pipe is inclined at a 30 angle with the horizontal. It's

filled with oil of specific gravity 0.9. What is the pressure at the

base of the pipe if the top of the pipe vented to the atmosphere?

12.The inlet to a hydraulic pump is 0.6 m below the top surface of the

oil reservoir. If the specific gravity of the oil used is 0.86 determine

the static pressure at the pump inlet.

13.A pipe handles a flow rate of 0.002 m3/s. Find the minimum inside

diameter that will provide an average fluid velocity not to exceed

6.1 m/s.

14.Calculate the pipe bores required for the suction and pressure lines

of a pump delivering 40 l/min using a maximum flow velocity in

the suction line of 1.2 m/s and a maximum flow velocity in the

pressure line of 3.5 m/s.

15.The load on a 20 cm - diameter hydraulic cylinder increases from

10 N to 15N. due to the compressibility of the oil, the piston

retracts 0.1 cm. If the volume of oil under compression is 100 cm 3,

what is bulk modulus of the oil?

Sheet 1 | P a g e 1

16.A 5 N force moves a piston inside a cylinder at a velocity of 10

cm/s, as shown in the figure 1. The 4 cm diameter piston is

centrally located in the 4.04 cm. inside-diameter cylinder. An oil

film separates the piston from the cylinder. Find the absolute

viscosity of the oil

load. If the inlet air pressure is 500 kPa, determine the maximum

load that can be lifted.

Sheet 1 | P a g e 2

18. 3 MW wind turbine as shown in figure 3, hydraulic Fluid: ISO 46,

= 46 x10-6 m2 /s , = 870 kg/m3 Pipe: 100 m long, 20 cm diameter,

perfectly smooth Turbine output pressure = 35 MPa

Determine the flow rate and average fluid velocity.

1- Calculate the Reynolds number.

2- Is the flow laminar or turbulent?

3- Find the friction factor.

4- Calculate the viscous pressure drop.

5- How does this compare to the pressure difference

due to gravity

at 68.97 kPa gage pressure. Pump flow is 0.001896 rn3/s. The inlet

line to the pump is 3.048 m below the Oil level. pipe has a 0.0381-

m inside diameter.

find the pressure at station 2 if

a. There is no head loss between stations 1 and 2

b. There is a 7.622 m head loss between stations 1 and 2

Sheet 1 | P a g e 3

Figure 4 air pressurized hydraulic system

Pump flow is 0.001896 m3/s.

The pipe has a 0.0254-m inside diameter. Note that this size can

also be represented in units of centimeters or millimeters as 2.54

cm or 25.4 mm, respectively.

The specific gravity of the oil is 0.9

The elevation difference between stations 1 and 2 is 6.096 m.

Find the pressure available at the inlet to the hydraulic motor (station

2) The pressure at station 1 in the hydraulic tank is atmospheric (0 Pa

or 0 N/m2 gage), The head loss HL, due to friction between stations 1

and 2 is 9.144 m of oil.

Sheet 1 | P a g e 4

0.0254 m

6.096 m

Pump flow is 0.001896 m3/s.

The pipe has a 0.0254-m inside diameter.

The specific gravity of oil is 0.9.

The kinematic viscosity of oil is 100 cS.

The elevation difference between stations 1 and 2 is 6.096 m.

Pipe lengths arc as follows: 1-ft length = 0.305 m, 4-ft length =

1.22 m, and16-ft length = 4.88 m.

Find the pressure available at the inlet to the hydraulic motor (station 2).

The pressure at the oil top surface level in the hydraulic tank is

atmospheric (0 Pa gage).The head loss HL due to friction between

stations 1 and 2 is not given.

Sheet 1 | P a g e 5

0.0254 m

0.0254 m

6.096 m

Sheet 1 | P a g e 6

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