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Water and Sanitation Project for Damang Tibetan Community
SUMMARY What? Clean Running Water for 185 Tibetan residents (28 households). Where? Village
When? 2 August 2010 Cost? 1) HuaQiao Foundation contributed 44,810 RMB (USD 6,688) 2) Local Contribution: 16,750 RMB (USD 2,500) TOTAL PROJECT VALUE: 61,560 RMB (USD 9,188) by ____________________________
Friendship Charity Association 2 August 2010
Dear HuaQiao Foundation, We are pleased to report on the final and successful completion of this project that provided clean water to Damang Tibetan Community and its disabled people. With a generous donation of 44,810RMB from HQF on 29 April 2010, plus 16,750RMB provided by locals, this water project was realized. Meanwhile, the local water bureau and government provided technical support and advice throughout project implementation. Damang is a herding community situated on Guinan County grassland. Local residents live across the grassland. For generations, locals obtained water from sources that required travel of 2.5 to 3 kilometers per single trip from their households. 185 residents (28 households) with 16,555 head of livestock on 35,400 mu (2,361 hectares) of grassland got water from a government-provided main pipe connected to a local spring water source. This project targeted a community with the most disabled people (13) within the township, in addition to single people, orphans, and deserted mothers. Fetching water was the community’s biggest problem and especially for disabled families. Water was fetched by people carrying plastic containers on their backs and by using motorcycles. For the disabled families, neighbor families helped “The project’s benefits are many them fetch water, but they did not and are bringing much benefit to always provide help. Consequently, the community.” many of these locals suffer from lacking drinking water. Since water is inadequate (even though locals live on the grassland and have rainy seasons), locals did not wash clothing and bathe frequently, thus locals had very poor hygiene and sanitation facilities. Furthermore, there was frequent conflict in getting water because livestock graze on others' pastures along the route to water sources. Local pasture fences are along the route and poorly maintained thus it is easy for livestock to enter others’ pastures. However, this project brought fifteen water taps to Damang Community greatly reducing the distance and time locals invest in obtaining water, as well as reduced grassland degradation, conflict over grazing, and poor sanitation. The project’s benefits are many and are bringing much benefit to the community. We extend our sincere appreciation to the HuaQiao Foundation for this clean water project to dramatically improve life for the local community.
Nangchukja / Robert Director Friendship Charity Association www.friendshipcharity.org
PHOTOGRAPHS The following pictures tell the story of the project
Damang Community: pre-project.
Project feasibility study begins.
Local community meeting for the water project.
Women carrying water 5 km roundtrip before the project.
Before the project
Before the project
Before the project.
A local cart and water container.
Water project starts.
A part of a dug trench.
Locals measure the trench.
2.6 meters deep and 1 meter wide.
Locals observe digging.
Local community during trench-digging.
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A local adobe stove.
Bowls in an adobe cupboard.
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A smoke-blackened house ceiling.
A local single woman.
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A FCA staff member conducts a community survey.
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Locals fully participate in the water project.
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A local company transports pipes for the project.
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Pipes for the water project.
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Locals take project materials in a resident home.
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Experts and locals prepare pipe connections.
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Pipes ready to be laid out.
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Locals lay pipes.
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Locals unload bricks.
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Pipes are laid.
A water engineer connects pipes.
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Construction work begins.
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Project construction work.
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The machine buries the pipes.
The pipes are connected and buried.
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Taps are installed.
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Local women connects additional pipes to the tap.
A local woman fetches water.
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Very pleased to have near his home.
Yaks drink water near a shed.
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Locals fetch water.
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HQF Chairman, Frank Yih, visits the project site and a poor family with gifts.
Mr. Frank Yih and a water tap.
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Pre-project: A family of four mentally handicapped children.
After the project: A family of four mentally handicapped children dressed in new robes given by HQF.
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Local women fetch water conveniently at night when needed.
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A local man washes his hands at the new water tap.
Water tap room is built underground thus stop freezing in winter
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A local woman comes for water by the new water tap
Yeduoji, a local woman, prepares water for livestock at the gate of her family
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COMMUNITY BACKGROUND amang Tibetan Community is located in the west of Taxiu Township, Mangra County, Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Qinghai Province, PR China. It is approximately twenty-five kilometers from the local township town, sixty kilometers from the county seat, 166 km from the prefecture town, and 267 km from Xining, the capital Qinghai. Damang is a Tibetan herding community with 1,106 residents (230 households). It is one of the largest herding communities in Taxiu Township’s ten communities. 16,555 head of livestock graze 35,400 mu (2,361 hectares) of grassland. Locals raise sheep, yaks, and horses. On average, each family owns three “98% of locals are very yaks and forty sheep. The number increases poorly educated or illiterate.” according to a family's wealth. Higher income families owning sixty head of livestock may earn 1,000RMB per year selling butter, cheese, and meat. Poor families have no such cash income. Locals herd livestock day-to-day and sometimes night-to-night in order to increase their livestock to increase their income. The average elevation is 3,300 meters above sea level. The local highland climate changes unpredictably, which contribute to many herders suffering from colds and flu. During rainstorm days, windy days, and snowy days, locals still must herd in the mountains. Plus, locals have poor knowledge of hygiene. With limited knowledge about health, they focus on herding and other housework, i.e., fetching water, collecting fuel, and milking yaks. Because of herding demand, fuel collecting, and water fetching, many children do not attend school, which explains why 98% of locals are very poorly educated or illiterate. One of the biggest community problems was getting water. For generations, villagers lacked a water source near their homes. 185 residents (28 households) of Damang Tibetan Community lacked water near their homes and traveled five kilometers roundtrip to water their livestock and fetch drinking water for. There was only one “Now, this situation has changed water tap and, because most local with HuaQiao Foundation support.” residents shared this water sources, the wait for water took four to five hours. For the people who lived farthest away, time was spent traveling to and from the source, which was an added burden. Poor families lacked motorcycles and tractors and their donkey carts could haul only fifty to seventy-five kilograms of water, enough for two days worth of tea and nothing else. This situation changed with HuaQiao Foundation support in conjunction with the local government, FCA, and local contributions.
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PROJECT ACTIVITIES/DURATION/OUTCOME 2010 April 29 April 20 April 25 April 30 May 4 May 4 May 5 May 10 May 12 May 15 May 29 June 5 June 24 June 24 June 29 July 28 August 2 Activities Received first payment for digging trench Held project meetings. Output / Outcome Funding secured Implementation anticipated Trained project committee members. Skills learnt Local experts designed the water pipeline. Pipe cost measured Received second payment for project Second funding secured material. Dug ditch. Project started Purchased project materials. Quality guaranteed Received third/final payment for the Final funding secured project. Paid trench diggers. Income generated Monitored project. Project monitored Connected pipes. Water flowed Conducted project evaluation Oversaw project result HQF Chairman Mr. Frank Yih and staff Better understanding for visited. all parties HQF purchased gifts for locals and made Charity awareness raised small cash donations. Completed project. Goals achieved Interviewed participants. Project impact learnt Final report. Implementation closed Participants FCA Locals, FCA FCA, locals FCA, locals FCA FCA, Locals FCA, locals FCA Locals FCA, locals FCA, locals FCA, locals HQF, FCA, Locals
FCA FCA, Locals FCA
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ocal community committees and FCA are responsible for sustaining the project after completion. The water pipes purchased in Xining was of the highest quality and will last at least fifteen years; the company guarantees it. Throughout project implementaion, skills such as connecting and laying pipe and designing water was taught to locals who supervised and were involved on the committee. Locals will check the pipes and taps on a weekly basis. Trained villagers will have extra responsibilities during harsh weather. The local village committee will pay 500RMB a year per person. For example, in summer, heavy rains may cause flooding in sectors of this community and the pipes may be pushed to the earth surface. The inspectors will be in charge of fixing such by themselves. Additionally, in winter, the village inspectors will keep the water taps from freezing. Environment Before the project, locals drove their livestock 5 km roundtrip to a water source. The entire community has about 16,555 head of livestock. The route to water is through pastureland and a huge area of grassland was damaged contributing to a shortage of forage. After the water project, locals no longer drive their livestock across the grassland to water them. This increases available forage and reduces erosion. Furthermore, locals can now have gardens at home and also plant trees. Poverty Alleviation Local average income is 430 RMB per person per year (as in nearby communities) earned through selling livestock and animal products. Because of the huge amount of time used to fetch water before the project, many young people were kept at home. Now this time is saved and locals can pursue other chores and find work outside the community. This increases the chance for locals to bring more income to the home. Furthermore, livestock no longer invade pasturelands enroute to water sources, reducing conflict, and strengthening community ties. Gender Equality Providing a family with water is culturally defined as woman's work. Before the project, women and girls suffered in obtaining water for their homes. This work was particularly difficult in winter. Education This project eliminated the biggest obstacle preventing children from attending school. More children will attend because the time and effort required to obtain water has been greatly reduced. Better Leadership and NGO Awareness Several meetings were held between FCA and local villagers, village leaders, and local government. FCA is a pioneering NGO in Guinan County, thus, locals and government
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lacked information about FCA's work. With emphasis on vision-driven and honest leadership, local leaders were encouraged to engage in the project. These meetings encouraged locals to have hope for a brighter future for their family and communities. Furthermore, accurate information about NGO work and HQF’s background created more credibility among locals and thus FCA implemented the project with few challenges.
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PROJECT COMMITTEE 1.1 Committee Leaders Name Dinggen Thubo Sex M M Position Village leader Village Vice-leader
Note: Committee leaders are in charge of monitoring tap supervisors. 1.2 Water Tap Supervisors Tap No. 1 བཙུན་ཆུང་། 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 རྟ་ཁོ་རྒྱལ། ཀླུ་མོ་རྒྱལ། ཚ་ཐར་འབུམ། སྐོ་ལ། པད་མ་ཡག གནམ་སྐྱིད། མཁའ་འགྲོ་ཚ་རིང་། རྡོ་རྗེ་འབུམ། ཚ་གཟུངས་ཐར། འབྲུག་ཐར་རྒྱལ། མཁའ་བྷེ་རྒྱལ། པ་པ་རྒྱལ། ལོ་ཡོན། སྐལ་བཟང་རྒྱལ།
Name Btsun chung Rta kho rgyal Klu mo rgyal Tshe thar `bum Sko la Pad ma yag Gnam skyid Mkha `gro tshe ring Rdo rje `bum Tshe gzungs thar `brug thar rgyal Mkha bhe rgyal Pa pa rgayl Lo yon Skal bzang rgyal
Sex M M F M M F F M M M M M M M M
Position Villager Villager Villager Villager Villager Villager Villager Villager Villager Villager Villager Villager Villager Villager Villager
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FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING a) HuaQiao Foundation Contribution Expenses: Receipt Item No. A-1 50# pipe A-2 40# pipe A-3 32, 40# pipes A-4 Pipe connectors A-5 Brick, cement A-6 Materials (e.g., iron bar, steel) A-7 Fee for digging and covering trench A-8 Worker fee A-9 Transport fee and extra pipe (connectors and taps) Total Spent
2010 21 May 21 May 21 May 2 May 20 May 20 May 12 May 1 June 1 August
Total RMB 6,763.50 8,775.00 5,451.00 225.00 1,780.00 486.00 13,750.00 996.00 6,583.50 44,810.00
Note: 1.1. Further details are given on receipts. 1.2. Please refer to the receipts according to its corresponding number below. 1.3. There are minor differences between the prices and items of the original budget and actual expenses. 1.4. Locals contributed the following items. Receipts are unavailable -- local community committee kept them. b) Local Contribution: Item/Type of Activity Details Water design fee Digging/ covering trench 1,250 meters × 11RMB LOCAL CONTRIBUTION c) Total Project Budget / Expenses: Parties HuaQiao Foundation Damang Community Committee TOTAL PROJECT BUDGET
Total RMB 3,000.00 13,750.00 16,750.00
Total RMB 44,810.00 16,750.00 61,560.00
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Quality Certification of the Project Pipe
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Original Cash Flow Plan Payment # 1 Payment Date 2010 Item Detail Thursday 15, April Digging trench 1,250 meters × 8RMB/m Total Payment # 2 Payment Date 2010 Item Plastic pipe #32 Plastic pipe # 40 Plastic pipe #50 Connections Material transport Total Payment # 3 Payment Date 2010 Item Cement Brick Taps Tap room door Extra tap rooms Covering trench Total Detail 2 tons × 580RMB 500 bricks × 3RMB 3 taps × 30RMB 3 doors × 150RMB 4 tap room × 875RMB 1,250 meters × 3RMB Detail 1,000kg × 13.00RMB 500kg × 13.50RMB 100kg × 14.00RMB 15 connectors × 14.00RMB 3,000RMB
Amount RMB 10,000 10,000
Monday 26, April
Amount RMB 13,000 6,750 1,400 210 3,000 24,360
Monday 10, May
Amount RMB 1,160 1,500 90 450 3.500 3,750 10,450
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28 May 2010 Damang Water Project Interim Q & A Report 1) What has happened since 20 May till now? • • • • Finished digging on 25 May. Connecting pipes. Water flow in 3 taps to-date. Continuing working on 12 taps; in total 15 taps. (The original number was 5 but has now increased due to water availability and design).
2) What is the project status now? 95% of Damang Water Project is complete so far. The local water bureau will double-check when the project is completed. Everyday, I (David) inspect the project situation and take pictures. Tomorrow (29 May) I will go to Damang Village with 3 water experts to build 3 small water wells. 3) Who was involved in the water design process? The village leaders, Dinggen and Thubo, and the Tarshul Township Water Bureau have been involved in the water design process. They visit the project whenever asked. 4) What did the local water bureau officials contribute to the water project? The local Water Bureau officials suggested a reasonable way of implementing the project, and gave advice and design assistance. 5) What did other water experts contribute to the water designing? The County (not township) Water Bureau gave excellent suggestions in terms of water design and implementation, e.g., how many bricks needed for 3 wells, and also what size pipe and the pipe layout. 6) What problems did you and other project team members face during project implementation, in terms of water pipe connection, covering pipes underground, etc? During project implementation, it was the time for locals to collect caterpillar fungus. Thus there were only a few elders and children in the village, who couldn’t help much. This showed the work process in pipe connecting and laying. The village leaders were mostly out of the village. They were asked to attend meetings held in the township or county town. Each household owned the fenced grassland and sometimes we negotiated with the family head. The elders and
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children were unsure what to do. Those who had left the community were in the mountains and we could not contact them. However, we finally achieved adequate local support. 7) What cost to-date? Any cost such as food, transportation including transportation fee for pipes? There is no comfortable room for our team members to live in during project implementation at the project site because most people are out of the village, and take bedding to the mountains. A villager is in charge of buying food for us, but we also need to buy some in the local township town. We paid the transportation fee (1,298RMB) for delivering bricks, cement, and sand from Guinan County Town to Damang Village, and 1,100RMB delivering part of the pipes from Xining to Damang Village. We have reported last time on the pipes and digging. For bricks and cement we still will have expenses. Now we are looking forward for HQF to send its third payment for the project that covers covering the pipe and other expenses. All relevant receipts will be provided at the end of the project. 8) How much was spent for the bricks and cement and for what so far? 1,298RMB was spent for transportation fee (252RMB) for 1,800 bricks (0.48RMB/brick), 4 bags of cement (28RMB per bag), sand (70 RMB) from Guinan County Town to Damang Village. The total cost is 1,298RMB so far. More will be transported in the next days. 9) When do you think that the project will finish? Give me a date. 8 June 2010. 10) Do you think it is necessary to invite any experts (such as Lanzhou Jiaotong University experts) to the site to double-check the water design system? No. But if they would like to visit, they are welcome! I currently can't see in what way they can help. Maybe they have ideas. 11) When did the project officially start and finish, breaking down into phases or sections for easier comprehension. This means: Give date for each activity, e.g., start date for digging, start date for ending digging, start date and ending for pipe laying, and other meetings, issues, and so on. The project started on 5 May, and finished 8 June. Pipe connection will finish by 29 May. Pipe covering (started 25 May) will finish 29 May. Village leaders, one representative from each family, and the FCA project team held the final meeting on 26 May. We plan a closing ceremony (a very simple one) in June, but this has not been fixed yet.
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Water and Sanitation Project
for (Yeduoji Family) Damang Community
PROJECT LOCATION: Village Township 达茫 塔秀 Damang Taxiu County 贵南 Mangra Prefecture 海南 Hainan Province 青海 Qinghai
Damang Tibetan Community is located in the west of Taxiu Township, Mangra County, Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Qinghai Province, PR China. It is approximately twenty-five kilometers from the local township town, sixty kilometers from the county seat, 166 km from the prefecture town, and 267 km from Xining, the capital city of Qinghai. PROJECT MANAGER: Namjay Tsering / Nangchukja IMPLEMENTING ORGANIZATION: Name: Friendship Charity Association (FCA) Address: Room 551, Building 2, 中国青海省西宁市 Meili Jiayuan, 4 Haihu Road, 海湖路 4 号美丽家园 Xining, 810008, 2 号楼 551 室 Qinghai Province, PR China Cell-Phone: (+86) 150 0971 5285 Email: email@example.com Tel/Fax: (+86) 0971 6309287 Website: www.friendshipcharity.org TARGETED AT: Basic Literacy [✓] Gender Equality/Justice [✓] Rural Development [✓] Environmental Protection [✓]
Basic Healthcare [✓] Poverty Alleviation [✓] Community Development [✓] Sustainable Development [✓]
PROJECT PURPOSE/GOAL: This project aims to: provide water supply for 185 residents (28 households) including a family of four mentally retarded children, two ill parents and twelve disabled locals. enable women to seek alternative work to help them support their families. reduce the time of collecting water from the nearest source – a roundtrip distance of around five kilometers that requires three to four hours to complete. improve the health and personal hygiene of community members by providing water for bathing and washing clothing. increase the number of girls attending school, as many schoolgirls stay at home caring for the household while their mothers are away collecting water.
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reduce the environmental impact of livestock taken across the grasslands to water. Photographs
A woman carries water.
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Yeduoji family's house, built in 2009 by the National Lottery Public Welfare Fund (国家 彩票公益金). .
Yeduoji's old house.
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Inside the house.
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Limo 李毛, (b. 1925), Yeduoji's mother, is the healthiest person in the family.
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Yeduoji 叶多吉, (b.1961 ), mother of six children, is somewhat mentally handicapped.智 力残疾人.
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Yeduojid’s Disability Card
Benmei Jia 本美加，(b. 1951), father of four children, had a stroke (脑溢血), and surgery on 19 June 2008 that cost 80,000RMB.
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The four mentally retarded and disabled children (detail below).
Deji 德吉, (b. 1989), the eldest sister.
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Deji's Disability Card.
Danzhengcuo 旦正措, female, (b. 1992).
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Danzhengcuo's Disability Card.
Degeji 豆格吉, female, (b. 1990).
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Degeji's Disability Card.
Duojie Caidan 多杰才旦, male, (b. 1986), the only son, is mentally retarded.
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Duojie Caidan's Disability Card.
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Beneficiary Background Damang is a Tibetan herding community with 1,106 residents (230 households). It is one of the largest herding communities in Taxiu Township’s ten communities. There are 16,555 head of livestock on 35,400 mu (2,361 hectares) of grassland. Locals raise sheep, yaks, and horses. On average, each family owns three yaks and forty sheep. The number increases according to a family's wealth. Higher income families with over sixty head of livestock can earn 1,000RMB per year by selling butter, cheese, and meat. Poor families have no such cash income. Locals herd livestock day to day and sometimes night to night in order to increase their livestock to increase their income. The average elevation is 3,300 meters above sea level. Local highland climate changes unpredictably that make many herders catch cold/flu frequently. During rainstorms, windy, and snowy days, locals still must herd in the mountains. Plus, locals have little knowledge of hygiene. Therefore, people ignore their health. They focus on herding and fetching water, collecting fuel, and milking yaks. Problems 185 residents (28 households) of Damang Tibetan Community lack water near their homes. They currently travel up to five kilometers roundtrip to water their livestock and fetch water for drinking. There is only one water tap and, because most local residents share this water source, the wait for water takes four to five hours. For the people who live farthest away and must spend much time traveling to the source, this is an added burden. Many poor families lack motorcycles and tractors. Their donkey carts can haul only fifty to seventy-five kilograms of water, enough for two days worth of tea and nothing else. Local women carry twenty-five kilograms of water, which is only enough for approximately a day and thus must fetch water daily and, sometimes twice when guests visit. Furthermore, grassland degradation worsens with livestock being driven once every two days to the distant water source. Consequently, much grass is damaged and cannot feed the livestock that depend live on it. This results in villagers needing to buy feed for livestock, which costs much of their annual income. Most housework is children's responsibility; chores must be done when they return home from school. This leaves students with little time to study, particularly in the case of female students, who are responsible for most domestic labor (cooking and cleaning). Male students' studies are also affected as they must take time to feed the family’s livestock. Students may also be required to stay at home while their parents are away fetching water or working outside the village to earn extra money. Finally, most locals bathe once a year or never. Some people never bathe in their lifetime. If they want to bathe, they must travel at least fifty kilometers to another township or county. People looking to wash with hot water must spend time collecting sheep and livestock dung to heat water. Some families heat water by burning coal, which produces poisonous fumes, negatively impacting health, particularly over the long term. As most
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local women grow older, many become chronically ill and take medicine that frequently does not help, but consumes a significant part of the family's income. Particular Family Background Yeduoji's family is a must-mention problem. It is a family of twelve Tibetans. Yeduoji 叶 多吉's mother is now eighty-five years old. Yeduoji's husband is fifty-nine years old. They have six children of whom four are ill. The two oldest daughters (normal health) are married. The eldest one has two children, and they all live together. The second daughter had a son before she was married. After her marriage, she left her son with her parents and went to the groom's family alone. Now in total, there are twelve people in Yeduoji's family. The four ill children cannot help the family much. They cannot herd and fetch water. Yeduoji's oldest daughter and her husband herd livestock for the family. The family income is earned from herding livestock, selling wool, sheep, goats, and yaks. They own 114 sheep, twenty-six yaks, and six goats. Yeduoji herself and her oldest daughter fetch water (2 km roundtrip with a 25kg bucket) for the family. This takes about two to three hours daily. The family has never seen a doctor. The reasons why the four children are mentally retarded are unknown. The local county government recognized them as mentally retarded and disabled (智力残疾人) with certificates. It seems (as told by their parents) congenital as their mother also suffers from the same condition. The family lacks adequate housing for twelve family members. A partial donation from the National Lottery Public Welfare Fund (国家彩票公益金) in 2009 built a house for the family, however, the family still lacks room for all members -- they wish to have one more house to allow them to have adequate space. Solution Installing 2.5 kilometer of pipes to Yeduoji's home and its twenty-eight neighbors will significantly shorten the distance that families must travel to get water. Unfortunately, locals have no funds to purchase and install necessary pipes and the government does not install pipes into ethnically diverse communities. Yeduoji's family receives occasional in-kind and small cash donations, however, such handouts are undependable and not sustainable. They often think 'Who will bring something next?' thus repeating the cycle of poverty. What is an extremely problem for this family is lack of water. Because Yeduoji mostly works at home, fetches water, and doing family chores, bringing running water to the home would lessen family burdens. Furthermore, the chance of regular bathing with warm water and soap has multiple benefits for both men and women’s genital health. For the uncircumcised male, regular washing may lower the risk of penile cancer and may be associated with decreased risk of cervical cancer for their sexual partners. Among women, regular bathing is associated with lower risks of reproductive track infections such as yeast infections, trichomonaisis,
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and bacterial vaginosis. The ability to bathe also decreases the risk of skin infections such as impetigo for people who have suffered cuts, abrasions, and/ or burns and might also promote healing. Overall, this water and sanitation project will meet villagers’ daily need for hot water and allow them to lead healthier, comfortable lives. What further support can be made to this family? Providing fees for medical diagnosis will give a better idea of what could be done, to end such diseases. Holding health training programs and raising awareness of sanitation through various programs and arranging qualified doctors in the community would prevent such health problems. However, this is only suggested in this proposal and can be done once a donor is interested. FCA and village leaders have discussed this proposal and people from the community where the water source is located have agreed to allow water to be piped to the twentyeight households. The local government is supportive and has tried to establish similar projects throughout the township. However, many villages have very limited funds and the local government is seeking external funding through charities, such as FCA, who understand the community's needs. Plans Friendship Charity Association (FCA) will employ a water expert to oversee the purchase of all necessary equipment. Project material quality will be guaranteed by the companies. FCA has had experience in purchasing items related to water and construction projects, such as pipes, and will utilize such successful models and lessons learned in this project. The village committee will organize local residents to dig the ditches and lay the pipes. Once this is completed, the water expert will inspect the taps and monitor pipes for leaks with four to six local villagers, thus providing training in necessary skills. Consequently, locals can check the pipes and taps on a weekly basis in future. These trained villagers will have extra responsibilities in times of harsh weather and local village committees will pay 500RMB a year per person. For example, in summer, heavy rains might cause flooding in sectors of the community and the pipes might be pushed to the earth surface. The inspectors will be in charge of fixing such. Additionally, in winter, the village inspectors will need to keep taps from freezing. EXPECTED RESULTS: Villagers will fetch water and water livestock near their homes. The burden on women who collect water will be reduced. Girls will be encouraged to attend school as they will not need to stay at home to fetch water. Yeduoji's family will no longer suffer from fetching water. This will provide a better quality of life. Additionally, locals will no longer need to drive their livestock to distant water source, thereby improving the grassland environment. SUSTAINABILITY:
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Local community committees and FCA are responsible for sustaining the project after completion. The water pipes purchased in Xining will be of the highest quality and will last at least fifteen years; the company will guarantee it. PROJECT ACTIVITIES/DURATION: 2010 April 15 April 20 April 25 April 30 May 1 May 5 May 15 May 29 June 15 June 25 July 5 Activities Receive funds. Hold project meetings. Train project committee members. Expert designs the water pipeline. Dig ditch. Purchase project materials. Inspect the project. Connect pipes. Complete the project. Interview participants. Write final report. Participants FCA Locals, FCA FCA, locals FCA, locals FCA, locals FCA, locals FCA, locals FCA, locals FCA FCA, Locals FCA
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BUDGET: a) Requested contribution from the donor: Item Details Running Water Plastic pipe #32 1,000kg × 13.00RMB Plastic pipe # 40 500kg × 13.50RMB Plastic pipe #50 100kg × 14.00RMB Connections 15 connectors × 14.00RMB Cement 2 tons × 580RMB Brick 500 bricks × 3RMB Taps 3 taps × 30RMB Tap room door 3 doors × 150RMB Material transport 3,000RMB Extra tap rooms Digging/ covering trench TOTAL b) Local Contribution: Item/Type of Activity Details Water design fee Digging/ covering trench 1,250 meters × 11RMB LOCAL CONTRIBUTION TOTAL WATER PROJECT BUDGET 4 tap room × 875RMB 1,250 meters × 11RMB
Total RMB 13,000 6,750 1,400 210 1,160 1,500 90 450 3,000 =27,560 3.500 13,750 44,810
Total RMB 3,000 13,750 16,750 61,560
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ADDITIONAL INFORMATION General Local Condition: Herding and farming are key economic activities in 73 administrative villages and three herding and three farming townships in Mangra (Guinan), which is home to 65,474 people (72.3% Tibetans) in east-central Qinghai Province. The average elevation is 3,100 meters above sea level. Most communities herd sheep, goats, yaks, and cattle. Farmers cultivate barley, wheat, rapeseed, and potatoes. The county also has a large desert that is increasing in size yearly. Many herding communities lack basic education resources (the enrollment rate is very low) and convenient water supplies for both people and livestock. The average annual cash income per person is 363.40RMB. Locals sustain themselves by herding, farming, and selling livestock, sheep wool, butter, cheese, and caterpillar fungus. They seldom leave their communities to find work or earn money because they have minimal Chinese language skills. Mangra County has one of the lowest levels of education in Qinghai Province. Education has a low priority among herding communities. A recent local Education Bureau policy states that locals must send their children to school. Nevertheless, 90% of children do not continue their education after primary school because their parents keep them at home to work. Parents also cite the many college graduates who are 'waiting for jobs' when questioning the value of education. Consequently, most students who finish primary school, junior middle school, and senior middle school must stay at home to herd, farm, and marry. The cycle of poverty, poor health, and environmental destruction is repeated generation to generation.
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