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# EXP NO :

DATE:

## DETERMINATION OF GEAR TOOTH THICKNESS USING

GEAR TOOTH VERNIER
Aim:
To determine the tooth thickness of the given gear and draw the graph between the
tooth number and the error in thickness.

Apparatus Required:
1. Gear tooth vernier caliper.
2. Vernier Caliper.
Specification:

Make : Japan
Measuring Range
Height: 28mm,
Width: 50mm
L.C : 0.02mm

## Pre lab Questions:

1. Define tooth thickness

Formula Used:

O.D
1. Module m=
(N+2)

## N-No.of teeth in the given gear

( )
2. Chordal thickness (t) = . . sin

Nm 2
3. Chordal height (h) = {1 + COS (90
N
)}
2 N
3. Why do we measure tooth thickness on pitch circle diameter?

Description:

The tooth thickness in general is measured at pitch circle, since the gear tooth
thickness varies from the tip to the base circle of the tooth. This is possible only when
there is an arrangement to fix that position. This can be done only in Gear tooth Vernier
since it has two vernier scales. One in vertical and another in horizontal.

Procedure:
1. Initial the outside diameter of the given specimen is measured by means of the vernier
caliper.
2. The number of teeth is noted.
3. The module is calculated by using the formula.
4. Now the pitch circle diameter of the gear specimen is found by means of the formula.
5. Then the tooth thickness is found by the formula. This is actual thickness.
Tabulation

Actual Thickness:

GEAR I

Actual Thickness

## S.No. Tooth Number Measured Thickness mm Error in Tooth Thickness mm

GEAR II
6. The vernier scale (vertical) is set for the module and tightened. Then the thickness of
each tooth is measured using the horizontal vernier scale. This is the measured
thickness. It can be positive or negative.
7. Then the graph between the tooth number and the error in thickness is drawn.

## 2. The theoretical tooth thickness on the pitch circle is_______________

3. Compare the average tooth thickness obtained from experiment and theory.

Result:

Thus the error in tooth thickness was found. A graph is plotted between tooth
numbers along x axis vs y-axis error is plotted

Exp No

Date

Aim:

Apparatus Used:

## Steel plate, Slide A,B and C.

Light Source (Transformer- 6V, 10W. halogen Bulb- 6V,10W)
Projector
Vernier Scale
Dial Gauge

Principle:

The principle of this experiment is to mount a standard gear on a fixed vertical spindle
and the gear to be tested on another spindle mounted on a sliding carriage, maintaining
the gears in mesh by spring pressure. Movements of the sliding carriage as the gears are
rotated are by a dial indicator, vernier scale and these variations are a measure of any
irregularities in the gear under test are shown in the graph.

## 1. What are the properties of master gear?

PARKINSON GEAR TESTER:
2. Define the pitch error?

## 4. What is total composite variation in composite gear checking?

Procedure:

Engage the master gear in the Slide B and the gear to be tested is places in the
slide C.
Move the slide B till there is no ply between the two gears and tighten the Slide B
by the lever provided for it.
The gear to be tested is mounted in Slide C, which is floating on balls and is free
to move to and from.
Small springs in the Slide C will press this gear against the master piece.
Adjust the plunger dial, which is fitted near the Slide C with little pressure
(approx. 1 mm) reading and lock it.
Tabulation:

## Sl NO TOOTH ACTUAL CD DIAL GAUGE

Now rotate the gear under test slowly. The plunger dial gauge will show you the
variations and gives the actual Centre distance, the main scale and the Vernier
fitted on Slide B and Slide C gives the theoretical Centre distance.
A graph is plotted between number of teeth and actual Centre distance.

## 1. What is purpose of spring in Parkinson gear tester?

2. Mention the errors that can be detected using Parkinson gear tester

3. What is difference between single and double flank method of gear testing

Result:

The experiment was successfully conducted and concentric diameter gear was found
using Parkinson Gear Tester.