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Original Title: Circularity Measurement Using Electronic , Mechanical Comparator

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No:

Date:

COMPARATOR

Aim:

To determine the circularity error of the given specimen using mechanical and

electronic comparator

Apparatus Required:

Indexing head, Bench centers, Dial indicator, Electronic comparator and given

specimen

Specification:

Dial indicator: L.C:

Electronic Comparator: L.C

Post lab Questions:

1. What do you mean by circularity error?

Tabulation

Diameter of the Job:

Tolerance specified:

no

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

3. Draw the geometrical symbol indicating circularity and cylindricity for the given

specimen

Description:

The error of circularity is defined as the radial distance between the minimum

circumscribing circle and the maximum inscribing circle, which contain the profile of the

surface at a section perpendicular to the axis of rotation. Polar graph (a graphical record,

suitably magnified, of the displacement of the stylus of measuring elements, as either the

stylus or the part rotates on the axis of the precision spindle) is interpreted by using

concept of reference circle or a pair of circles which can be drawn/recorded or on the

graph.

Least squares circle. This circle represents the average of all the peaks and valleys, and

can be defined mathematically as follows: The sum of the squares of a sufficient number

of equally spaced radial ordinates, measured from the circle to the profile has minimum

value. The centre of such a circle is referred to as the Least Squares Centre

(L.S.C.). Out of roundness is defined as the radial distance of the maximum peak from

this circle (P) plus the distance of the maximum valley from this circle (V) i.e. P + V. It is

very easy to calculate the position of the least squares circle by computer

Procedure:

The given specimen is held in between centre on the surface plate. The lever type dial

indicator is fixed on its stand and lever made to touch the job at home position and

adjusted to zero on the dial. The job has to rotate at regular interval with help of indexing

head. Note down the deflection in indicator at various position (Minimum 12 position is

mandatory. Use simple indexing formula to index the job).

Replace the dial indicator with probe of electronic comparator and adjust the values

displayed to zero. Now note down the deflection at all position. The diameter of the given

specimen is measured and can be drawn as base circle in polar graph. The deflection

shown at various positions are plotted and roundness error is calculated as distance

between minimum inscribed and maximum circumscribed circle.

Post lab questions:

1. Draw the least squares circles on the polar graph using Excel in the computer and

find the circularity error.

Which one is best option to do? Justify your answer.

Result:

The circularity error on the given specimen of diameter ______was found to be

i) Using mechanical comparator ________

ii) Using electronic comparator _________

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