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The House of Welfen

Welf, Graf in Swabia, +ca 824/5; m.Heilwig, later Abbess of Chelles; They had issue:
A1. Rudolf I, Cte de Ponthieu, +866; m.Hruodun N (+after 867)
o B1. Conrad, Ct of Paris and Sens, +882
o B2. Welf, Abbot of Sainte-Colombe-de-Sens, +881
o B3. Hugo, Rector of Saint-Saulve, Valenciennes, in 867
o B4. Gf Rudolf II in Augstgau
A2. Conrad I, Ct of Paris and Auxerre, +after 862; m.Aelis, dau.of Ct Hugo of Tours
o B1. Gf Welf I im Argengau und Linzgau, +before 876; NOTE: the editors of Europaeische Stammtafeln now hold the position that Welf's parentage cannot be proved, but that it is extremely
likely that he was son of Conrad (or, if not, of Conrad's brother Rudolf)
C1. Gf Conrad im Linzgau
C2. Gf Eticho im Ammergau, +after 911; m.Egila N
D1. Gf Heinrich "with the Golden Wagon"; m.Atha von Hohenwart (+after 975)
E1. Gf Eticho in Bavaria
E2. [St.] Conrad, Bp of Constance, *892, +25.11.976
E3. Gf Rudolf; m.NN
F1. Gf Rudolf II in Altdorf; m.Ita, dau.of Ct Kuno von hningen
G1. Gf Heinrich in Altdorf, +ca 1000
G2. Gf Welf II von Altdorf, Gf im Lechrain, +10.3.1030; m.ca 1015 Irmtrud of Luxemburg
H1. Welf III, Duke of Carinthia (1047-55), +13.11.1055
H2. Kunigunde, *ca 1020, +before 1055; m.ca 1035 Marchese Azzo II d'Este (+1097)
G3. Richardis, +1045; m.Gf Adalbero von Ebersberg (+1045)
F2. Eticho, Bp of Augsburg, +988
o B2. Conrad, Cte d'Auxerre, Margrave of Transjurania; m.Waldrada N
C1. Rudolf I, proclaimed as King of (Upper) Burgundy (I.888-912), +912; m.Willa, possibly dau.of King Boso of Burgundy
D1. King Rudolf II of Upper Burgundy (912-937) and Lower Burgundy (931/3-937) and Italy (924-926), +937; m.ca 922 Bertha, dau.of Duke Burchard II of Swabia
E1. King Konrad "the Peaceful" of Burgundy (937-993), *ca 925, +10.10.993; 1m: Adelana N; 2m: ca 964 Matilda of France (+981/2)
F1. [1m.] Kuno, +after 966
F2. [1m.] Gisela, +1007; m.Duke Heinrich II of Bavaria
F3. [2m.] King Rudolf III of Burgundy (993-1032), +6.9.1032; 1m: before 994 Agaltrudis N (+1008/11); 2m: 1011 Ermengarde (+after 1057) widow of Ct
Rotbald of Provence
F4. [2m.] Matilda; her marriage is unknown, but she was grandmother of Ct Gerold of Geneva
F5. [2m.] Berthe, +after 1016; 1m: Cte Eudes I de Blois (+995/6); 2m: 997 (div ca 1005) King Robert II of France (*27.3.972 +20.7.1031)
F6. [2m.] Gerberga, *before 971, +after 1016; 1m: Gf Bernhard I von Werl (+ca 982) OR his son Hermann von Werl; 2m: ca 998 Duke Hermann II of
Swabia (+4.5.1003)
F7. [illegitimate by Aldiud N] Bouchard, Archbishop of Lyon, +1030
E2. Rudolf, fl 961/2
E3. Bouchard, Archbishop of Lyon, +957/9
E4. Adelaide, *931, +16/17.12.999; 1m: 947 Lothar d'Arles, King of Italy (+950); (?) 2m: 950 Adalbert of Ivrea; 3m: 951 Emperor Otto I (+973)
D2. Gf Ludwig im Thurgau; m.Edgifa, dau.of King Edward I of England
E1. Gf Heinrich in der Vaud
D3. Waldrada; m.923 Duke Bonifacius of Spoleto (+953)
D4. Judith
C2. Adelaide; m.Richard "le Justicier", Duke of Burgundy (+921)
o B3. Hugo Abbas, Cte d'Auxerre, de Tours et d'Angers, Margrave of Neustria, +886
o B4. Rudolf, Abbot of St.Riquier
A3. Judith, *800, +Tours 19.4.843; m.819 Emperor Louis I (*778 +840)
A4. Hemma, +876; m.827 Emperor Louis II (*ca 805 +876)

NOTE: This will be a genealogical account of the family known as Welf (Guelph)/d'Este. The original house of Welf descended from one Gf Welf, and ended in 1055, whereupon the heiress of the house married
Azzo II d'Este, an Italian lord. From their marriage descended Dukes of Bavaria and Saxony, and the later Dukes of Braunschweig and Kings of Hanover and Great Britain. It also included one short-term tsar of
Russia: Ivan VI. From Azzo's second marriage descended the family known as d'Este, which ruled Modena and Ferrara in Italy. Interestingly, when Pr Augustus, Duke of Sussex, had morganatic children in the 19th
century, they took the surname of d'Este. The finaly name took on political significance during the battles between the Guelphs and the Ghibellines. Those who generally opposed the Hohenstaufen emperors were
known as Guelphs, since that family usually led them, and the Hohenstaufen supporters were known as Ghibellines, from the Italian name of the Hohenstaufen castle, Waibling.
Alberto Azzon I; m.953 Ermengarde di Toscana (*ca 940 +987); they had a son:

Alberto Azzon II, *ca 954, +995; m.975 Alde von Sachsen; they had a son:

Hugo I, *ca 976, +1014; m.995 Marie d'Este; they had a son:

Azzo I, Cte di Luni, Genoa & Milano, +1029; m.Artopergue N; they had a son:

Azzo II, Marchese d'Este, *997, +1097; 1m: ca 1035 Kunigunde Welf (*ca 1020 +ca 1055); 2m: Gersende, dau.of Cte Herbert I du Maine and ex-wife of Cte Thibaut III de Blois
A1. [1m.] Duke Welf IV of Bavaria (1070-77)+(1096-1101), +Paphos, Cyprus 9.11.1101; 1m: (div 1070) Ethelinde, dau.of Otto von Northeim, Duke of Bavaria; 2m: 1071 Judith of Flanders OR Judith of
Normandy (*ca 1033 +5.3.1094). By 1m. Welf acquired Bavaria
o B1. [2m.] Duke Welf V of Bavaria (1101-20), *ca 1073, +Burg Kaufering 24.9.1120; m.1089 Dss Matilda of Tuscany, Lady of Canossa (+1115), dau.of Bonifacius of Canossa, Mgve and Ct of
Reggio, Modena and Brescia, Mgve of Tuscany, Duke of Spoleto
o B2. [2m.] Heinrich "der Schwarze", Duke of Bavaria (1120-26) as Heinrich IX, *ca 1074, +Ravensburg 13.12.1126; m.Wulfhild of Saxony (*1075 +Altdorf 29.12.1126)
C1. Heinrich "der Stolze" ("the Proud"), Duke of Bavaria (1126-39) as Heinrich X, Duke of Saxony (1137-39), *ca 1108, +Quedlinburg 20.10.1139; m.Gunzelnle 29.5.1127 Gertrud
von Supplingenburg (*18.4.1115 +18.4.1143), dau.of Emperor Lothar III, and grandaughter of Gertrude, heiress of the first Gfn von Braunschweig
D1. Heinrich "der Lwe" ("the Lion"), Duke of Saxony (1142-13.4.1180), Duke of Bavaria (1147-24.6.1180) as Heinrich XII, *1129, +Braunschweig 6.8.1195; about 1180 he
fell from power and lost his duchies, but the family kept their new family lands in Braunschweig; 1m: 1147/48 (div 1162) Klementia von Zhringen (+before 1167); 2m:
Minden 1.2.1168 Matilda of England (*1156 +Braunschweig 6.8.1195)
E1. [1m.] Heinrich, +young (fell from table at Lneburg)
E2. [1m.] Gertrud, *ca 1155, +1.7.1197; 1m: 1166 Duke Friedrich IV of Swabia (*1145 +Rome 19.8.1167); 2m: 1177 King Knut IV of Denmark (+11.11.1202)
E3. [1m.] Richza, +by 1.2.1168
E4. [2m.] Heinrich I, Pfgf bei Rhein (1195-1227), *ca 1173/74, +Braunschweig 28.4.1227; 1m: Burg Stahleck 1193/94 Agnes von Staufen (*1176 +Stade
9.5.1204); 2m: 1211 Agnes von Landsberg (+1.1.1248); all kids were by 1m.
F1. Heinrich II, Pfgf bei Rhein (?-1214), *ca 1196, +14.4./1.5.1214; m.Aachen XI.1212 Matilda of Brabant (+21.12.1267)
F2. Irmingard, *ca 1200, +Lichtenthal 24.2.1260; m.ca 1217 Mgve Hermann V of Baden (+1243)
F3. Agnes, *ca 1201, +Mnchen 16.8.1267, bur Scheyern; m.Worms 24.3.1225 Duke Otto II of Bavaria (*1206 +1253)
E5. [2m.] Lothar, *1174/75, +as hostage at Augsburg 15.10.1190
E6. [2m.] Emperor Otto IV (1198-1215), Duke of Swabia (1208-12), *Normandie ca 1175-77, +Harzburg 19.5.1218; 1m: Nordhausen 23.7.1212 Beatrix von
Hohenstaufen (*1198 +11.8.1212), dau.of Emperor Philipp; 2m: Maastricht 19.5.1214 Marie of Brabant (+19.5./14.6.1260)
E7. [2m.] Wilhelm, Duke of Lneburg (1208-13), *Winchester 1184, +13.12.1213; m.summer 1202 Helene of Denmark (+Lneburg 22.11.1233), dau.of King
Waldemar I of Denmark
F1. Duke Otto I "das Kind" ("the Child") of Braunschweig and Lneburg (1213-52), *1204, +Braunschweig 9.6.1252; m.1228 Matilda of Brandenburg
(+10.6.1261)
G1. Otto, +1247
G2. Duke Albrecht I "Longus" ("the Great") of Braunschweig (1252-79), *1236, +Braunschweig 15.8.1279; 1m: Braunschweig 13.7.1254
Elisabeth of Brabant (*1243 +1261); 2m: Kenilworth 1.11.1263 Alessina of Montferrat (*ca 1237, +6.2.1285); for his issue see HERE
G3. Duke Johann of Lneburg, *ca 1242, +13.12.1277; m.1265 Liutgard of Holstein (+after 28.2.1289)
H1. Duke Otto II of Lneburg, +9/10.4.1330; 1m: N, a dau.of Gf Otto von Oldenburg; 2m: 1288 Matilde of Bavaria (*1275
+Lneburg 28.3.1319); all kids were by 2m.
I1. Johann, administrator of the archbishopric of Bremen, +8/28.9.1324
I2. Duke Otto III of Lneburg, *1296, +19.8.1352; m.22.3.1310 Matilde of Mecklenburg (*1293 +3.6.after 1358)

J1. Otto, +drowned young in the Ilmenau


J2. Elisabeth, Abbess of Wienhausen (1359-81), +20.2.1386
J3. Matilde, +1357; m.1339/40 Gf Otto II von Waldeck (+ca 1369)

I3. Duke Wilhelm of Lneburg, +23.11.1369; 1m: by 7.4.1328 Hedwig (+5.12.1336), dau.of Gf Otto IV von Ravensberg;
2m: Marie N (+before 2.2.1341); 3m: Magdeburg 12.3.1346 Sofie of Anhalt-Bernburg (+18.12.1362); 4m: 24.6.1363
Agnes of Saxe-Lauenburg (+after 7.1.1387)

J1. [1m.] Elisabeth, +17.4.1384; 1m: 10.10.1339 Duke Otto of Saxe-Wittenberg (+30.3.1350); 2m: 1354 Gf
Nikolaus of Holstein-Schauenburg (+8.5.1397)
J2. [2m.] Matilde, +after 16.5.1410; 1m: 1355 Duke Ludwig of Braunschweig (+1367); 2m: 25.6.1368 Gf Otto I
von Holstein-Schauenburg (+16.3.1404/after 6.5.1405)

I4. Ludwig, Bp of Minden 1324, +18.7.1346


I5. Matilde; m.Ulzen autumn 1315 Fst Nikolaus II von Werl (+Sstow 12.10.1316)
I6. Luitgard, Abbess of Wienhausen (1328-36), +16.4.1338
I7. Jutta, Abbess of Wienhausen 1338, +16.8.1342
I8. [illegitimate] Ludolf von Lneburg, a canon in Medingen, fl 1326/55
H2. Matilde, +after 1308; m.1291 Fst Heinrich I von Werl (+8.1.1291)
H3. Elisabeth, +1294/98; m.before 7.3.1294 Gf Johann II of Oldenburg (+1314/15)
H4. Agnes, +by 27.6.1297/ca 1314; m.ca 1283 Werner I von Hadmersleben (+before 1293)
H5. Helene; m.by 1315 Gf Konrad III von Wernigerode (+22.7.1339)
H6. [illegitimate] Heinrich von Braunschweig, a canon in Walsrode, +by 23.8.1324
G4. Otto, Bp of Hildesheim 1274, +4.7.1279
G5. Konrad, Bp of Verden 1283, +15.9.1299
G6. Matilde, Abbess of Gernrode (1275-95), +1297/98; m.1245 Gf Heinrich II of Anhalt (+1266)
G7. Helene, *18.3.1223, +6.9.1273; 1m: 1239 Ldgve Hermann II of Thuringia (+Kreuzburg 3.1.1241); 2m: 1247/48 Duke Albrecht I of Saxe-
Wittenberg (+8.11.1260)
G8. Elisabeth, +27.5.1266; m.Braunschweig 25.1.1252 Ct William II of Holland, German King (+k.a.Hoogwoude 28.1.1256)
G9. Adelheid, +12.6.1274; m.btw 26.3.-10.9.1263 Ldgve Heinrich I of Hesse (+21.12.1308)
G10. Agnes, +after 1302/XII.1327; m.1263/65 Fst Wizlaw III of Rgen (+Oslo 29.12.1302)
E8. Richenza, *1172, +1209/10; 1m: Rouen 1189 Geoffroi Cte du Perche (+5.4.1202); 2m: 1204 Enguerrand de Coucy (+1242/43)
E9. [illegitimate by Ida von Blieskastel (*ca 1130, +ca 1190)] Matilda, *ca 1150/by 1164, +before 1219; m.by 30.12.1178/1167 Fst Heinrich Borwin I of
Mecklenburg (*ca 1150 +28.1.1227)
C2. Konrad, a Cistercian monk, +Bari 17.3.1126
C3. Duke Welf VI of Spoleto, *1114-16, +Memmingen 15.12.1191; m.by I.1133 Uta (+1196), dau.of Gf Gottfried von Calw, Pfgf am Rhein
D1. Duke Welf VII of Spoleto, +Siena 11/12.9.1167
(D2. Duke Elisabeth; m.ca 1150 Gf Rudolf von Pfullendorf (+9.1.1181))
C4. Sofie, +1145-47; 1m: Duke Berthold III von Zhringen (+k.a.3.12.1122); 2m: Mgve Leopold of Austria, Mkgf v.Steyr (+24.10.1129)
C5. Judith, *after 1100, +ca 1130/31; m.1119/21 Duke Friedrich II of Swabia (*ca 1090 +1147)
C6. Mathilde, +16.3.1183; 1m: ca 1128 Mgve Dietrich IV von Vohburg (+ca 1130); 2m: before 1132 Gf Gebhard III von Sulzbach (+28.10.1188)
C7. Wulfhild, +after 1156; m.Gf Rudolf von Bregenz (+1160)
A2. [2m.] Cte Hugues V du Maine (1069-72)+(1090-93), *1060, +1131; he sold the Comte of Maine to his cousin, Helie de la Fleche ca 1093; m.1071 Heria de Hauteville
A3. [2m.] Folco I d'Este, +1128; for their issue, see HERE
Duke Albrecht I of Braunschweig (1252-79), *1236, +Braunschweig 15.8.1279; 1m: Braunschweig 1254 Elisabeth of Brabant (*1243 +1261); 2m: Kenilworth 1263 Alessina of Montferrat (*ca 1237,
+6.2.1285); all kids by 2m.
A1. Duke Heinrich I of Braunschweig-Grubenhagen, *1267, +Salzderhelden 7.9.1322; m.1282 Agnes von Meissen (+after 1.2.1332), dau.of Mgve Albrecht of Meissen
o B1. Otto, *ca 1183, +by 21.9.1309
o B2. Albrecht, *ca 1284, +after 1341
o B3. Duke Heinrich II of Braunschweig-Grubenhagen, *ca 1289, +1351; 1m: by 16.4.1318 Jutta (1299/1306, +1325/27), dau.of Mgve Heinrich I of Brandenburg; 2m: 23.8.1330 Heloise (+after
25.5.1347) dau.of Philippe d'Ibelin
C1. [1m.] Duke Otto of Braunschweig-Grubenhagen, Pr of Taranto and Achaia 1376, *1320, +1.12.1398/13.5.1399; 1m: 1352/53 Yolande, Vcts dOmelas, Dowager Queen of Mallorca
(+by 1372), dau.of Berengar de Villaragut; 2m: Naples 1376 Queen Joanna I of Naples (*1326, +12.5.1382)
C2. [1m.] Johann, a canon in Halberstadt, +after 4.12.1346
C3. [1m.] Ludwig, a canon in Camin, +after 26.5.1373
C4. [1m.] Agnes, *1318, +before 2.6.1371; m.ca 1345 Duke Barnim III of Pomerania (+24.8.1368)
C5. [2m.] Philipp, Constable of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, *ca 1332, +4.8.1369/70; 1m: ca 1352 Helisia, dau.of Eudes de Dampierre; 2m: 1368 Alix d'Ibelin (*1304/06, +after 6.8.1386)
D1. [1m.] Johann, Admiral of Cyprus, +11.6.1414
D2. [1m.] Helisia, *1353, +15/25.1.1421; m.1365 Jacques I de Lusignan, King of Cyprus and Armenia (*1334 +9.9.1398)
C6. [2m.] Balthasar, Despot of Romania, +after 14.1.1384; m.1379 Giacobella Caetani di Fondi (+after 25.5.1400)
C7. [2m.] Thomas, an Augustinian at Nordhausen, +Nordhausen 1384
C8. [2m.] Melchior, Bp of Osnabrck (1369-75), Bp of Schwerin (1376-81), *ca 1341, +Btzow 6.6.1381
C9. [2m.] Riddag, *ca 1334, +1364-67
C10. [2m.] Helvis; m.Louis de Nores (+1369)
o B4. Friedrich, a Cistercian, *ca 1291, +1323
o B5. Konrad, a Cistercian, *ca 1294, +after 21.12.1320
o B6. Duke Ernst I of Braunschweig-Grubenhagen zu Einbeck 1325, zu Everstein 1327, zu Osterode 1334, zu Hameln 1335, *1297, +11.3.1361; m.1335/36 Adelheid (+after 29.9.1373), dau.of Gf
Heinrich II von Everstein
C1. Otto, *ca 1337, +young
C2. Duke Albrecht I von Salzderhelden, in Grubenhagen und Einbeck (1359-61), *ca 1339, +Salzderhelden 1383; m.by 17.8.1372 Agnes of Braunschweig (+1410)
D1. Duke Erich I of Braunschweig-Grubenhagen, *ca 1380, +28.5.1427; m.1/14.7.1405 Elisabeth of Braunschweig-Gttingen (*ca 1390 +after 29.9.1444)
E1. Duke Heinrich III of Braunschweig-Grubenhagen, *ca 1416, +Grubenhagen 27.5./20.12.1464; m.by 27.6.1457 Margarete (+Salzderhelden after 9.5.1491),
dau.of Duke Johann I of Sagan
F1. Otto, *ca 1458, +young
F2. Duke Heinrich IV of Braunschweig-Grubenhagen, *ca 1460, +Salzderhelden 6.12.1526; m.Einbeck 26.8.1494 Elisabeth (+after 7.4.1542), dau.of
Duke Johann IV of Saxe-Lauenburg
E2. Duke Ernst III of Braunschweig-Grubenhagen, *ca 1418, +26.5./12.12.1466
E3. Duke Albrecht III of Braunschweig-Grubenhagen in Herzberg and Osterode 1481, *1.11.1419, +15.8.1485; m.Einbeck 15.10.1471 Elisabeth (+after
15.3.1513), dau.of Gf Volrad von Waldeck
F1. Justus, *and +Salzderhelden 1472
F2. Duke Philipp I of Braunschweig-Grubenhagen, *ca 1476, +Herzeberg 4.9.1551; 1m: before 1508 NN (+1509); 2m: 1517 Katharina von Mansfeld
(*1.10.1501 +Herzberg 1535)
G1. Philipp, *1509, +Herzberg 1512
G2. Duke Ernst V zu Braunschweig-Lneburg (1566-67), *17.12.1518, +Herzberg 2.4.1567; m.Wolgast 9.10.1547 Margarete of Pomerania
(*V.1518, +Salzderhelden 24.6.1569)
H1. Elisabeth, *Salzderhelden 20.3.1550, +Osterholm auf Alsen 11.2.1586; m.Kolding 19.8.1568 Duke Johann of Holstein-
Sonderburg (*25.3.1545 +9.10.1622)
G3. Albrecht, *Herzberg 20/21.10.1521, +k.a.Nrdlingen 20.10.1546
G4. Philipp, *Herzberg 10.6.1523, +Herzberg 1531
G5. Johann, *28.5.1526, +k.a.Saint-Quentin 2.9.1557
G6. Duke Wolfgang, in Katlenburg u.Grubenhagen 1567, *Herzberg 6.4.1531, +Herzberg 14.3.1595; m.Osterode 10.12.1570 Dorothea
(*Lneburg 11.3.1543, +Herzberg 5.4.1586), dau.of Duke Franz I of Saxe-Lauenburg
G7. Duke Philipp II, in Herzberg u.Osterode 1567, in Grubenhagen 1595, *Herzberg 2.5.1533, +Herzberg 4.4.1596; m.Wolfenbttel 1.7.1560
Klara of Braunschweig-Wolfenbttel (*1532, +Herzberg 1595) dau.of Duke Heinrich II of Braunschweig-Wolfenbttel
G8. Elisabeth, *18.2.1520, +1520
G9. Katharina, *30.8.1524, +Saalfeld 24.2.1581; 1m: Torgau 12.2.1542 Duke Johann Ernst of Saxe-Coburg (+Coburg 1553); 2m: Saalfeld
4.12.1559 Gf Philipp I von Schwarzburg-Leutenberg (+Leipzig 8.10.1564)
G10. Barbara, *Herzberg 25.1.1528, +Herzberg summer 1528
F3. Duke Ernst IV of Braunschweig-Grubenhagen, *ca 1477, +before 13.3.1496
F4. Erich, Bp of Osnabrck (1509-32), Elekt of Mnster (1532), *ca 1478, +Frstenau 14.5.1532
F5. Sofie, *ca 1474, +ca 1481
E4. Agnes, Abbess of Gandersheim (1412-39), *ca 1406, +18.9.1439
E5. Sofie, Abbess of Gandersheim (1467-85), *ca 1407, +6.1./30.4.1485
E6. Elisabeth, *ca 1409, +4.10.1452; m.1431 Duke Kasimir V of Pomerania (+12.4.1406)
E7. Margarete, *ca 1411, +after 31.10.1456; m.shortly before 27.9.1427 Simon IV zur Lippe (*1404 +11.8.1429)
E8. Anna, *1415, +Nannhofen 14.10.1474, bur Andechs; 1m: Munich 22.1.1437 Duke Albrecht III of Bavaria (*23.3.1401 +Munich 29.2.1460); 2m: Munich
II.1463 Duke Friedrich II of Braunschweig-Lneburg (+1495)
C3. Duke Johann II of Braunschweig-Osterode, a canon in Hildesheim, Einbeck and Mainz, +18.1.1401
C4. Duke Ernst in Herzberg 1384, Abbot of Corvey 1369, *ca 1346, +13.7.1400/21.5.1402
C5. Duke Friedrich in Herzberg 1384, in Salzderhelden 1397, in Herzberg and Osterode (1402-21), *ca 1350, +1421; m.Adelheid von Anhalt (+after 29.9.1405)
D1. Duke Otto II in Herzberg, *ca 1396, +6.1./16.4.1452; m.18.7./22.9.1414 Schonette (+Hildesheim 25.4.1436), dau.of Gf Johann I of Nassau-Saarbrcken
E1. [illegitimate] Otto, a canon in Braunschweig, fl 1444/63
C6. Adelheid, *ca 1341, +8.5.1406; m.ca 1362 Duke Bogislaw V of Pomerania (*1316 +7.12.1373)
C7. Agnes, *ca 1342, +after 5.11.1394; m.by 1362 Gf Ulrich von Honstein (+after 11.9.1414)
C8. Anna, *ca 1343, +by 1409; m.by 5.1.1364 Gf Heinrich VIII von Honstein (+1408/09)
C9. Anna, Abbess in Osterode, *ca 1360, +after 10.5.1437
o B7. Duke Wilhelm zu Burg Osterode, Burg Lichtenstein und Lauterburg, and 1/3 Duderstadt 1325, *ca 1298, +21.6./25.7.1360
o B8. Johann, a canon in Einbeck, Mnster, Mainz, etc, +23.5.1367
o B9. Adelheid, *ca 1285, +18.8.1320; m.Innsbruck 18.9.1315 Duke Heinrich of Carinthia, King of Bohemia (+2.4.1335)
o B10. Facie, *ca 1286, +1309/12
o B11. Agnes, a nun in Osterode, *ca 1287, +after 7.9.1332
o B12. Adelheid=Irene, *ca 1293, +Rhaidestes 16.8.1324; m.III.1318 Emperor Andronicos III Paleologos of Byzantium (+15.7.1341)
o B13. Mechtild, *ca 1295, +by 14.3.1344; m.by 22.5.1318 Johann II von Werl (+27.8.1337)
o B14. Richardis, a nun, *ca 1300, fl 1331/32
o B15. Margarete, +after 17.11.1312
o B16. Alsine, *ca 1282, +after 17.11.1312; m.ca 1306 Gf Friedrich von Beichlingen-Rothenburg
A2. Duke Albrecht II of Braunschweig-Gttingen (1279-1318), *ca 1268, +22.9.1318; m.10.1.1284 Rixa (+after 2.10.1312), dau.of Fst Heinrich I von Werl
o B1. Duke Otto of Braunschweig-Gttingen (1318-44), *25.3.1290, +Gttingen 30.8.1344; 1m: 24.3./2.10.1311 Jutta of Hesse (+13.10.1317); 2m: 16.9./22.12.1319 Agnes of Brandenburg
(*1297 +28.11.1334), dau.of Mgve Hermann of Brandenburg
o B2. Albrecht, Bp of Halberstadt (1325-57), +13.10.1359
o B3. Wilhelm, a Teutonic Knight, *ca 1295, +by 1318
o B4. Heinrich, Bp of Hildesheim (1354-63), *1296/97, +6.2.1363
o B5. Bruno, *1303, +31.10.1306
o B6. Duke Magnus I of Braunschweig-Gttingen (1318/45-69), *ca 1304, +15.6./15.8.1369; m.1327 Sofie (*1300 +1356), dau.of Mgve Heinrich I of Brandenburg
C1. Duke Magnus II of Braunschweig-Lneburg (1369-73), *ca 1328, +k.a.Leveste 26.7.1373; m.by 6.10.1356 Katharina of Anhalt-Bernburg (*ca 1330 +30.1.1390)
D1. Duke Friedrich of Braunschweig-Lneburg, +murdered nr Kl-Englis, Hessen 5.6.1400; m.1386 Anna (+after 18.4.1426/1440), dau.of Elector Wenzel of Saxony
E1. Katharina, +by 26.11.1439; m.1413 Gf Heinrich XXIV von Schwarzburg (*1288 +Arnstadt 7.10.1444)
E2. Anna, +Innsbruck 11.8.1432; m.Innsbruck by 11.6.1411 Duke Friedrich IV of Austria (+Innsbruck 24.6.1439)
D2. Otto, Archbishop of Bremen (1395-1406), +30.6.1406
D3. Duke Bernhard I of Braunschweig-Lneburg (1373-1434), +Winsen 11.6.1434; m.1386 Margarete (+2.6.1418), dau.of Elector Wenzel of Saxony; for their descendants
see HERE
D4. Duke Heinrich II of Braunschweig-Lneburg, +lzen 14.10.1416; 1m: 11.11.1388 Sofie of Pomerania (+1400/28.6.1406); 2m: Kassel 30.1.1409 Margarete of Hesse
(*Marburg 1389, +Rotenburg an der Fulda 1446); for his descendants see HERE
D5. Albrecht, a priest 1378
D6. Agnes, +21.3.1410; m.by 17.8.1371 Duke Albrecht I of Braunschweig-Grubenhagen (+ca 1383)
D7. Sofie, *ca 1358, +by 28.5.1416; m.8.4.1373 Duke Erich IV of Saxe-Lauenburg (+1411/12)
D8. Agnes, +btw 1.8.1430-22.12.1434; 1m: 1366 Gf Busso IV von Mansfeld (+after 19.3.1389); 2m: Celle 1389/91 Duke Bogislaw VI of Pomerania-Wolgast (+7.3.1393);
3m: 12/13.2.1396 Duke Albrecht II of Mecklenburg (+1.3.1412)
D8. Matilde, *ca 1370, +23.2.1433; m.13.12.1384 Gf Otto III von Hoya (+13.4.1428)
D9. Elisabeth, +on the plague 2.10.1420; m.by 5.3.1399 Gf Moritz IV of Oldenburg (+3.9.1420)
D10. Helene; m.by 1396 Gf Erich I von Hoya (+1427)
D11. Katharina, +1417/22; m.1390/91 Duke Gerhard VI of Schleswig (+k.a. 5.8.1404)
C2. Albrecht, Archbishop of Bremen (1363-95), +Verden 14.4.1395
C3. Heinrich, a canon in Hildesheim and Halberstadt, +after 26.1.1382
C4. Otto, +k.a. 16.1.1339
C5. Duke Ludwig of Braunschweig-Lneburg, +5.11.1367; m.after 23.6.1355 Matilde of Braunschweig-Wolfenbttel, dau.of Duke Wilhelm of Braunschweig-Lneburg
D1. Sophia, Abbess of Gandersheim (1402-12), +13.3.1412
C6. Duke Ernst in Blankenau 1373, +after 26.2.1385
C7. Matilde, +after 28.6.1354; m.ca 1339 Fst Bernhard II of Anhalt-Bernburg (+20.8.1348)
C8. Sofie, +1394; m.before 24.8.1366 Gf Dietrich VI von Honstein (+1379)
C9. Agnes; m.1360 Gf Heinrich von Honstein (+1408)
C10. [illegitimate] Albrecht, fl 1367
C11. [illegitimate] Heinrich, fl 1367
C12. [illegitimate] Magnus, fl 1367
C13. [illegitimate] Otto, fl 1367
o B7. Duke Ernst of Braunschweig-Gttingen (1345-66), *ca 1305, +13.7.1366; m.by 2.3.1340 Elisabeth of Hesse (+7.3.1390)
C1. Duke Otto of Braunschweig-Gttingen, *ca 1340, +Hardegsen 13.12.1394; 1m: 19.11.1357/14.1.1358 Miroslawa (+ca 1376), dau.of Duke Johann III of Holstein-Pln; 2m: 1379
Margarete (*ca 1364, +1442) dau.of Ct Wilhelm II of Berg
D1. Wilhelm, *1370, +1391
D2. Duke Otto "the One-Eyed", *ca 1384, +Uslar 18.2.1463; m.Marburg 26.9.1406 Agnes of Hesse (+Mnden 16.1.1471)
E1. Elisabeth, +before 1444
D3. Anna, *1387, +27.10.1426; 1m: by 7.5.1402 Mgve Wilhelm I of Meissen (+10.2.1407); 2m: 1413 Gf Wilhelm III von Henneberg-Schleusingen (+Cyprus 7.7.1426)
D4. Elisabeth, +after 29.9.1444; m.1/14.7.1405 Duke Erich of Braunschweig-Grubenhagen (+1427)
C2. Ernst II, +after 7.12.1357
C3. Albrecht, +after 16.4.1363
C4. Adelheid; m.by 11.8.1371 Gf Heinrich X von Honstein (+by 1430)
C5. Rixa, Abbess of Mariengarten 1406, +after 29.11.1406
C6. Agnes, +after 13.11.1416; m.before 1363/ca 1371 Gf Gottfried VIII von Ziegenhain (+1394)
C7. Elisabeth
o B8. Johann, a Teutonic Knight, fl 1309/47
o B9. Lder, *ca 1309, +after 17.5.1319
o B10. Adelheid, *25.3.1290, +14.3./12.10.1311; m.VIII.1306 Ldgve Johann of Hesse (+Kassel 16.2.1311)
o B11. Richenza, *1298, +by 26.4.1317
o B12. Matilde, +after 1.6.1356; m.bx 1341 Gf Heinrich V von Honstein (+1356)
o B13. Jutta, Elekta of Gandersheim 1319, *1300, +1332
A3. Duke Wilhelm of Braunschweig-Wolfenbttel, *ca 1270, +Braunschweig 30.9.1292; m.1290 Elisabeth of Hesse (+after 9.7.1306)
A4. Otto, *1271, +17.4.1345/13.12.1347
A5. Konrad, a Teutonic Knight, *ca 1273, +Spplingenburg 1303
A6. Lder, Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights (1331-35), *ca 1275, +nr Stuhm 18.4.1335
A7. Matilde, *ca 1276, +26.4./31.8.1318; m.ca 1290 Duke Heinrich III of Glogau (+1309)
Duke Heinrich II von Braunschweig-Lneburg, +lzen 1416; 1m: 11.11.1388 Sofie of Pomerania (+1400/06); 2m: 1409 Margarete of Hesse (*1389 +1446); They had issue:
A1. Duke Wilhelm I von Braunschweig-Wolfenbttel (1416-82), *1392, +Braunschweig 25.7.1482; 1m: Berlin 6.6.1423 Pss Ccilie von Brandenburg (+4.1.1449); 2m: 1466 Gfn Matilde von Holstein-
Schauenburg (+Neustadt am Rbenberge 22.7.1468)
o B1. [1m.] Duke Wilhelm II "der Jungere" von Braunschweig-Wolfenbttel (1482-95), +7.7.1503; m.by 26.11.1444 Gfn Elisabeth zu Stolberg (+Stauffenburg 1520/21)
C1. Duke Heinrich I von Braunschweig-Wolfenbttel (1495-1514), *14.6.1463, +k.a.Leerort 23.6.1514; m.1.8.1486 Katharina of Pomerania (*1465 +1526)
D1. Christof, Archbishop of Bremen (1511-58), *1487, +Angermnde 22.1.1558
D2. Duke Heinrich II von Braunschweig-Wolfenbttel (1514-68), *9.11.1489, +Wolfenbttel 11.6.1568; 1m: 18.2.1515 Marie Gfn von Wrttemberg (*Urach 15.8.1496,
+Wolfenbttel 28.12.1541); 2m: Wolfenbttel 16.2.1556 Pss Sofie of Poland (*Cracow 13.7.1522, +Schningen 28.5.1575)
E1. Andreas, bap 21.12.1517, +young
E2. Karl Viktor, *Wolfenbttel 11.4.1525, +k.a.nr Sievershausen 9.7.1553
E3. Philipp Magnus, *before 26.2.1527, +k.a.nr Sievershausen 9.7.1553
E4. Duke Julius von Braunschweig-Wolfenbttel (1568-89), and in Calenberg und Gttingen 1584, *Wolfenbttel 29.6.1528, +Wolfenbttel 3.5.1589; m.Clln an
der Spree 25.2.1560 Pss Hedwig von Brandenburg (*Clln 23.2.1540, +Wolfenbttel 21.10.1602)
F1. Duke Heinrich Julius von Braunschweig-Wolfenbttel (1589-1613), *Hessen 15.10.1564, +Prague 20.7.1613; 1m: Wolfenbttel 26.9.1585 Pss
Dorothea of Saxony (*Dresden 4.10.1563, +Wolfenbttel 13.2.1587); 2m: Kronborg, Copenhagen 19.4.1590 Pss Elizabeth of Denmark (*Kolding
25.8.1573, +Braunschweig 19.7.1625)
G1. Duke Friedrich Ulrich von Braunschweig-Wolfenbttel (1613-34), *Wolfenbttel 5.4.1591, +Braunschweig 11.8.1634; m.Wolfenbttel
4.9.1614 Pss Anna Sofie von Brandenburg (*Clln 17.3.1598, +Clln 19.12.1659)
G2. Heinrich Julius, *Grningen 7.10.1597, +11.7.1606
G3. Christian, Bp of Halberstadt (1616-24), *Grningen 10.9.1599, +Wolfenbttel 6.6.1626
G4. Rudolf, Bp of Halberstadt (1615-16), *Wolfenbttel 15.6.1602, +Tbingen 13.6.1616
G5. Heinrich Karl, *Hessen 7.9.1609, +Helmstedt 11.6.1615
G6. Dorothea Hedwig, *Wolfenbttel 3.2.1587, +Zerbst 16.10.1609; m.Wolfenbttel 29.12.1605 Fst Rudolf von Anhalt-Zerbst (*28.10.1576
+30.7.1621)
G7. Sofie Hedwig, *Wolfenbttel 20.2.1592, +Arnheim 23.1.1642; m.Grningen 8.6.1607 Gf Ernst Kasimir von Nassau-Dietz (+k.a.Roermond
4.6.1632)
G8. Elisabeth, *Wolfenbttel 23.6.1593, +Altenburg 25.3.1650; 1m: Dresden 1.1.1612 Duke August of Saxony (+Naumburg 26.12.1615); 2m:
Altenburg 25.10.1618 Duke Johann Philipp of Saxe-Altenburg (+Altenburg 1.4.1639)
G9. Hedwig, *Wolgast 19.2.1595, +Neustettin 26.6.1650; m.Wolfenbttel 7.2.1619 Duke Ulrich of Pomerania (+Pribbernow 31.10.1622)
G10. Anna Auguste, *Wolfenbttel 19.5.1612, +Dillenburg 17.2.1673; m.Coppenbrgge 8.4.1638 Fst Georg Ludwig of Nassau-Dillenburg
(+19.5.1656)
F2. Philipp Siegmund, Bp of Verden (1586-1623), *Hessen 1.7.1568, +Iburg 19.3.1623
F3. Joachim Karl, a canon in Strassburg, *Wolfenbttel 29.4.1573, +Calvrde 14.10.1615
G1. [illegitimate] Karl Christian von Braunschweig, +after 28.7.1627
F4. Julius August, Abbot of Michaelstein, *Wolfenbttel 9.2.1578, +Michaelstein 31.8.1617
F5. Sofie Hedwig, *Wolfenbttel 1.12.1561, +Loitz 30.1.1631; m.Wolgast 20.10.1577 Duke Ernst Ludwig of Pomerania (+Wolgast 17.6.1592)
F6. Marie, *Schladen 13.1.1566, +Lauenburg 13.8.1626; m.Wolfenbttel 10.11.1582 Duke Franz II of Saxe-Lauenburg (+2.7.1619)
F7. Elisabeth, *Schloss Hessen am Falkenstein 23.2.1567, +Otterndorf 24.10.1618; 1m: Wolfenbttel 28.4.1583 Gf Adolf XIII von Holstein-Schauenburg
(+Minden 2.7.1601); 2m: Harburg 28.10.1604 Duke Christof of Braunschweig-Harburg (+1606)
F8. Margarete, *27.6.1571, +Wolfenbttel 20.1.1580
F9. Sabine Katharina, *Wolfenbttel 29.4.1574, +7.9.1590
F10. Dorothea Auguste, Abbess of Gandersheim, *Wolfenbttel 12.2.1577, +Wolfenbttel 19.12.1625
F11. Hedwig, *Wolfenbttel 15.10.1580, +Harburg 11.3.1657; m.Wolfenbttel 15.4.1621 Duke Otto III von Braunschweig-Harburg (+Harburg 1641)
E5. Heinrich, +young
E6. Johann, +young
E7. Joachim, +young
E8. Katharina, *Wolfenbttel 1518, +Crossen 16.5.1574; m.Wolfenbttel 11.11.1537 Mgve Johann von Brandenburg-Kstrin (+13.1.1571)
E9. Marie, Abbess of Gandersheim, *1521, +Wolfenbttel 4.6.1539
E10. Klara, Abbess of Gandersheim (1539-47), *16.11.1532, +23.11.1595; m.Wolfenbttel 1.7.1560 Duke Philipp II von Braunschweig-Grubenhagen (+1596)
E11. Margarete, *1516/17, +Staufenburg 27/28.10.1580; m.ls 8.9.1561 Duke Johann von Mnsterberg (+28.2.1565)
*** Duke Heinrich II had several illegitimate children by Eva von Trorr (*1505 +1567):
E12. Heinrich Theuerdank von Kirchberg, +1592
E13. Simon von Kirchberg, *Staufenburg 1532, +young
E14. Alexander von Kirchberg, +after 1548
E15. Eitel Heinrich von Kirchberg, +1597
E16. Heinrich Karl von Kirchberg, a canon in Hildesheim, *1548, +Grningen 1591
E17. Zifra von Kirchberg, *Staufenburg 1525/30, +aged 11 weeks
E18. Zifra=Branzifra von Kirchberg, +by 9.9.1564; 1m: Christian von Jennwitz (+k.a.nr Sievershausen 1553); 2m: 1555/56 Jrgen von Beugentin
E19. Sidonia von Kirchberg, *Staufenburg 1534, +Gross-Vahlberg 1597; m.1556 Christoph von Weferling (+1565)
E20. Eva von Kirchberg, +after 6.11.1606
E21. Katharina von Kirchberg, *Liebenburg 1541/42, +1548/52
D3. Franz, Bp of Minden (1508-29), *1492, +Wolfenbttel 25.11.1529
D4. Georg, Archbishop of Bremen (1561-66), *22.11.1494, +Bremervrde 4.12.1566
D5. Erich, *ca 1500, +29.11.1553
D6. Wilhelm, +1557
D7. Johann, +young
D8. Katharina,, *1488, +Neuhaus 29.6.1563; m.Wolfenbttel 17/20.11.1509 Duke Magnus I of Saxe-Lauenburg (+1.8.1543)
D9. Elisabeth, Abbess of Steterburg, +6.11.1560/24.3.1563
C2. Duke Erich I von Braunschweig-Kalenberg (1495-1540), in Gttingen und Hannover 1512, *Neustadt am Rbenberge 16.2.1470, +Hagenau 30.7.1540; 1m: Mnden ca 29.6.1497
Pss Katharina of Saxony (*Meissen 24.7.1468, +Gttingen 10.2.1524); 2m: Berlin 26.2.1525 Pss Elisabeth von Brandenburg (*24.8.1510, +25.5.1558)
D1. Duke Erich II von Braunschweig-Calenberg (1540-84), *Mnden 10.8.1528, +Pavia 17.11.1584; 1m: Mnden 17.5.1545 (div 1573) Pss Sidonie of Saxony (*Meissen
5.3.1518, +Weissenfels 4.1.1575); 2m: Nancy 19&20.12.1576 Dorothea de Lorraine (*chteau de Deneuvre 24.8.1545, +2.6.1621); he left two illegitimate kids by Katharina
von Weldam:
E1. Wilhelm, Herr von Lysfelt, +3.4.1585, bur Pavia
E2. Katharina, Freiherrin von Lysfelt und Harem, *before 9.5.1564, +2.2.1606; m.1580 Giovanni Andrea Doria, Pr di Melfi (*5.2.1540 +2.2.1606)
D2. Elisabeth, *Nienover 8.4.1526, +19.8.1566; m.Mnden 19.8.1543 Georg Ernst, Gf von Henneberg (+Dorf Henneberg 27.12.1583)
D3. Anna Marie, *23.4.1532, +Neuhausen bei Knigsberg 20.3.1568; m.Knigsberg 16.3.1550 Duke Albrecht of Prussia (+Tapiau 20.3.1568)
D4. Katharina, *Mnden 28.5.1534, +Karlovy Vary (Karlsbad) 10.5.1559; m.Mnden 28.2.1557 Wilhelm von Rosenberg (+31.8.1592)
C3. Anna, *Hardegsen 1459/60, +Worms 16.5.1520; m.Mnden 17.2.1488 Ldgve Wilhelm I of Hesse (+Kassel 8.2.1515)
o B2. [1m.] Duke Friedrich II von Braunschweig-Calenberg (1482-85), +6.3.1495; 1m: Munich II.1463 Anna of Braunschweig-Grubenhagen (+1474); 2m: 16.11.1483 Margarete von Rietberg
(+4.1.1533/6.6.1535)
o B3. [2m.] Otto, *Neustadt am Rbenberge ca 20.7.1468, +1471
o B4. [illegitimate] Sophia, a nun in Marienau
A2. Duke Heinrich von Braunschweig-Wolfenbttel (1432-73), *1411, +Wolfenbttel 6/8.12.1473; m.12.2.1436 Helene of Cleves (18.8.1423 +3.7.1471)
o B1. Margarete, *Wolfenbttel VII.1451, +Mainberg 13.2.1509; m.Wolfenbttel 5.11.1469 Gf Wilhelm V von Henneberg-Schleusingen (+Salurn 26.5.1480)
A3. [1m.] Katharina, +Grimma 28.12.1442; m.8.2.1402 Elector Friedrich I of Saxony (+Altenburg 4.1.1428)
Duke Bernhard I von Braunschweig-Lneburg, +Winsen 1434; m.1386 Margarete (+1418), dau.of Elector Wenzel of Saxony; They had issue:
A1. Duke Otto I "The Cripple" von Braunschweig-Lneburg (1434-45), +27.5./1.6.1445; m.1425 Elisabeth von Everstein (+Gifhorn 10.2.1468)
A2. Duke Friedrich II von Braunschweig-Lneburg (1451-57), +Celle 19.3.1478; m.16.9.1430 Pss Magdalene von Brandenburg (+Scharnebeck 27.10.1454)
o B1. Duke Bernhard II von Braunschweig-Lneburg (1457-64), *1432, +9.2.1464; m.1463 Matilde von Holstein-Schauenburg (+Neustadt am Rbenberge 22.7.1468)
o B2. Duke Otto II von Braunschweig-Lneburg (1464-71), *1438/39, +8/9.1.1471; m.Celle 25.9.1467 Anna of Nassau-Dietz (+Celle 8.4.1513)
C1. Duke Heinrich VII von Braunschweig-Lneburg (1471-1521), *15.9.1468, +while hunting nr Bockelskamp 19.2.1532; 1m: Celle 27.2.1487 Pss Margarete of Saxony (*4.8.1469,
+Weimar 7.12.1528); 2m: 1528 Anna von Campe
D1. Duke Otto I von Braunschweig-Harburg (1527-49), *24.8.1495, +Harburg 11.8.1549; m.autumn 1525 Meta von Campe (+16.10.1580)
E1. Otto, *and +1527
E2. Ernst,, *1527, +after falling from scaffolding at Schloss Harburg 12.7.1540
E3. Duke Otto II von Braunschweig-Harburg, *Celle 5.9.1528, +20.10.1603; 1m: 8.9.1551 Gfn Margarete von Schwarzburg-Leutenberg (*ca 1530 +18.3.1559);
2m: 8.10.1562 Gfn Hedwig von Ostfriesland (*29.6.1535 +4.11.1616)
F1. [1m.] Otto Heinrich, a canon in Braunschweig, Bremen, etc, *16.6.1555, +Brussels 15.10.1591; m.by 1588 Marie de Hnin-Lietard (+1606)
G1. Karl von Braunschweig-Lneburg, Governor of Beaumont in Luxemburg, +Luxemburg 24.11.1620; m.15.1.1618 Marie Wouters Frau von
Terdeck (+1619)
H1. Alexander, Hr zu Terdeck; m.Ghent 10.1.1657 Isabelle Borluut (*11.9.1631 +12.2.1709)
I1. Karl, *Overyssche 1.5.1658, fl Terdeck 17.5.1716
I2. Jakob Philipp, +Zellick after 17.5.1716
I3. Ferdinand, *Overyssche 17.6.1666, +after 18.2.1700; m.Overyssche 20.7.1695 Catherine Taymans (bap Overyssche
1673, +Brussels 24.5.1746)

J1. Ferdinand, a canon in Ghent, bap Overyssche 28.4.1696, +Ghent 27.10.1753


J2. Johann Baptist, bap Overyssche 1697
J3. Gery
J4. Franz
J5. Marie Anna, bap Overyssche 19.3.1699, +Brussels 12.4.1774
J6. Catherine Beguine, bap Hoeilaart 1.2.1701, +Brussels 23.6.1767
J7. Marie Madeleine, *Overyssche 16.9.1703, +Brussels 27.6.1770

I4. Eleonore, bap Overyssche 3.7.1659


I5. Marie Isabelle, +after 17.5.1716
I6. Anna Caroline, +after 17.5.1716; 1m: Don Bernardo de Afflito; 2m: Pierre de Smedt alias Dubois
I7. Isabelle Alexandrine, bap Overyssche 1.3.1665, +24.12.1758
F2. [1m.] Johann Friedrich, *23.2.1557, +21.2.1619
F3. [2m.] Duke Wilhelm August von Braunschweig-Harburg, *15.3.1564, +Harburg 30.3.1642
F4. [2m.] Enno, *1.12.1565, +Ostfriesland 1600
F5. [2m.] Heinrich, *20.8.1568, +2.10.1569
F6. [2m.] Duke Christof von Braunschweig-Harburg, *21.8.1570, +Harburg 7.7.1606; m.Harburg 28.10.1604 Elisabeth of Braunschweig-Wolfenbttel
(*1567 +1618)
F7. [2m.] Johann, *19.7.1573, +28.2.1625
F8. [2m.] Friedrich, *6.9.1578, +k.a.Nenkholm, nr Riga 17.9.1605
F9. [2m.] August Friedrich, *18.2.1580, +3.9.1582
F10. [1m.] Elisabeth Anna, *18.9.1553, +Harburg 6.8.1618; m.Schloss Harburg 25.6.1582 Gf Erich von Brahe (+Danzig 15.4.1614)
F11. [2m.] Anna Margarete, a nun at Quedlinburg, *25.3.1567, +Quedlinburg 22.8.1643
F12. [2m.] Hedwig, *20.8.1569, +Harburg 6.3.1620
F13. [2m.] Elisabeth, *1.12.1574, +Harburg 20.6.1575
F14. [2m.] Katharina Sofie, *6.5.1577, +18.12.1665; m.26.2.1609 Gf Hermann II von Schaumburg (+15.12.1634)
E4. Friedrich, *1530, +1533
E5. Anna, *1526, +1527
E6. Margarete, *1532, +1539
E7. Susanna, *3.8.1536, +4.9.1581
D2. Duke Ernst I of Braunschweig-Lneburg (1522-46), *Ulzen 15.6.1497, +Celle 11.1.1546; m.Schwerin 1528 Sofie of Mecklenburg (*1508, +17.6.1541); for their
descendants see HERE
D3. Duke Franz of Braunschweig-Giffhorn (1539-49), *Ulzen 23.11.1508, +Gifhorn 22/23.11.1549; m.29.9.1547 Pss Klara of Saxe-Lauenburg (*13.12.1518 +27.3.1576)
E1. Katharina, *1548, +Schleiz 10.12.1565; m.Fallersleben 9.4./7.5.1564 Heinrich VII Reuss, Bggf von Meissen (+22.1.1572)
E2. Klara, *Gifhorn 1.1.1550, +Franzburg/Neustettin 26.1.1598; 1m: Dessau 28.5.1565 Fst Bernhard VII von Anhalt (+1.3.1570); 2m: Franzburg 8.9.1572 Duke
Bogislaw XIII of Pomerania-Barth (*9.8.1544 +7.3.1606)
D4. Anna, *7.3.1492, +young
D5. Elisabeth, *11.9.1494, +Geldern 2.4.1572; m.Celle 7.12.1518 Duke Karl of Geldern (*9.11.1467 +30.6.1538)
D6. Appolonia, a nun, *8.3.1499, +Ulzen 1.9.1571
D7. Anna, *6.12.1502, +6.11.1568); m.Stettin 2.2.1525 Duke Barnim XI of Pomerania-Stettin (+2.11.1573)
D8. [2m.] Franz Heinrich, +young in France
D9. [2m.] Heinrich, +young while imprisoned in Celle
C2. Wilhelm, +1480
o B3. Margarete, +Wienhausen 8.4.1512; m.1452 Duke Heinrich of Mecklenburg-Stargard (+1466)
A3. Katharina, +1429; m.before 4.8.1424 Duke Kasimir V of Pomerania-Stettin (+12.4.1435)

Duke Ernst I von Braunschweig-Lneburg (1522-46), *Ulzen 1497, +Celle 1546; m.Schwerin 1528 Sofie von Mecklenburg (*1508 +1541); They had issue:
A1. Duke Franz Otto von Braunschweig-Celle, *1530, +Celle 29.4.1559; m.Cln an der Spree 5.2.1559 Pss Elisabeth Magdalene von Brandenburg (*Berlin 6.11.1537, +Berlin 22.8.1595)
A2. Friedrich, *2.6.1532, +k.a.Celle 20.7.1553
A3. Duke Heinrich von Braunschweig-Celle (1546-69) and Braunschweig-Wolfenbttel (1569-98), in Dannenberg 1569, *Celle 4.6.1533, +Dannenberg 19.1.1598; m.1569 Pss Ursula of Saxe-Lauenburg
(*1552/53, +Scharnebeck 12.10.1620)
o B1. Duke Julius Ernst von Braunschweig-Wolfenbttel (1598-36), in Dannenberg 1635, *Dannenberg 1571, +there 1636; 1m: Dannenberg 25.4.1614 Gfn Marie von Ostfriesland (*1.5.1582
+9.7.1616); 2m: Dannenberg 23.11.1617 Sibylle of Braunschweig-Lneburg
C1. [1m.] Siegmund Heinrich, *Dannenberg 30.8.1614, +Dannenberg 1.11.1614
C2. [2m.] August, *and +1619
C3. [1m.] Marie Katharine, *Dannenberg 10.6.1616, +Grabow 1.7.1665; m.Schwerin 15.2.1635 Duke Adolf Friedrich I von Mecklenburg-Schwerin (+27.2.1658)
C4. [2m.] Anna Marie, *and +1622
o B2. Franz, a canon in Strassburg, *Dannenberg 6.6.1572, +drowned in the Rench nr.Renchenloch 24.12.1601
o B3. Heinrich, *25.10.1574, +17.7.1575
o B4. Duke August II of Braunschweig-Wolfenbttel (1635-66), in Dannenberg 1636, *Dannenberg 10.4.1579, +Wolfenbttel 17.9.1666; 1m: Strelitz 13.12.1607 Pss Klara Marie of Pomerania
(*Franzburg 10.7.1574, +Hitzacker 19.2.1623); 2m: Zerbst 26.10.1623 Pss Dorothea von Anhalt-Zerbst (*Coswig 25.9.1607, +Hitzacker 26.9.1634); 3m: Gstrow 13.7.1635 Dss Elisabeth
Sofie of Mecklenburg-Gstrow (*Gstrow 20.8.1613, +Schloss Lchow 12.7.1676)
C1. [2m.] Heinrich August, *Hitzacker 28.4.1625, +Hitzacker 30.9.1627
C2. [2m.] Duke Rudolf August of Braunschweig-Wolfenbttel (1666-1704), *Hitzacker 16.5.1627, +Hedwigsburg 26.1.1704; 1m: Wolfenbttel 10.11.1650 Christiane Elisabeth, Gfn von
Barby (*Gross-Rosenberg 6.10.1634, +Sondershausen 2.5.1681); 2m: Hedwigsburg 7.6.1681 Rosine Elisabeth Menthe "Mme Rudolphine" (*17.5.1663, +Braunschweig 20.5.1701)
D1. [1m.] Dorothea, *Wolfenbttel 17.1.1653, +Pln 21.3.1722; m.Wolfenbttel 12.4.1673 Duke Johann Adolf of Holstein-Pln (+2.7.1704)
D2. [1m.] Christine Sofie, Abbess of Gandersheim (1678-81), *Wolfenbttel 4.4.1654, +Langeleben am Elm 5.2.1695; m.Wolfenbttel 29.6.1681 Duke August Wilhelm of
Braunschweig-Wolfenbttel (*1662 +1731)
D3. [1m.] Eleonore Sofie, *Wolfenbttel 5.8.1655, +Wolfenbttel 7.1.1656
C3. [2m.] Duke Anton Ulrich of Braunschweig-Wolfenbttel (1666-1714), *Hitzacker 4.10.1633, +Salzdahlum 27.3.1714; m.Wolfenbttel 17.8.1656 Pss Elisabeth Juliane of
Holstein-Norburg (*Norburg 24.5.1634, +4.2.1704)
D1. August Friedrich, *Wolfenbttel 24.8.1657, +k.a.Speyer 22.8.1676
D2. Leopold August, *Wolfenbttel 27.2.1661, +Wolfenbttel 5.3.1662
D3. Duke August Wilhelm of Braunschweig-Wolfenbttel (1714-31), *Wolfenbttel 8.3.1662, +Wolfenbttel 23.3.1731; 1m: Wolfenbttel 29.6.1681 Christine Sofie of
Braunschweig (*1654 +1695); 2m: Schloss Gottorp 7.7.1695 Pss Sofie Amalie of Holstein-Gottorp (*Gottorp 19.1.1670, +Hannover 27.2.1710); 3m: Ahrensbk 12.9.1710
Pss Elisabeth of Holstein-Norburg (*Wolfenbttel 12.9.1683, +Braunschweig 3.4.1767)
D4. August Heinrich, *Wolfenbttel 14.8.1663, +Wolfenbttel 24.2.1664
D5. August Karl, *Wolfenbttel 4.8.1664, +Wolfenbttel 21.12.1664
D6. August Franz, *Wolfenbttel 7.10.1665, +Wolfenbttel 14.12.1666
D7. Duke Ludwig Rudolf of Braunschweig-Blankenberg, in Wolfenbttel (1731-35), *Wolfenbttel 22.7.1671, +Braunschweig 1.3.1735; m.Aurich 22.4.1690 Gfn Christine
Luise von Oettingen (*21.3.1671 +12.9.1747)
E1. Elisabeth Christine, *Braunschweig 28.8.1691, +Vienna 21.12.1750, bur Kapuzinergruft, Vienna; m.Hietzing 23.4.1708 Emperor Karl VI (*1.10.1685
+20.10.1740)
E2. Charlotte Auguste, *Wolfenbttel 23.7.1692, +Wolfenbttel 6.8.1692
E3. Charlotte Christine Sofie, *Wolfenbttel 29.8.1694, +St.Petersburg 2.11.1715; m.Torgau 25.10.1711 Tsarevich Alexei of Russia (+7.7.1718)
E4. Antoinette Amalie, *Wolfenbttel 14/24.4.1696, +Braunschweig 6.3.1762; m.Braunschweig 15.10.1712 Duke Ferdinand Albrecht II of Braunschweig-
Wolfenbttel (*19/29.5.1680 +3/13.9.1735)
D8. Elisabeth Eleonore, *Wolfenbttel 30.9.1658, +Meiningen 15.3.1729; 1m: Wolfenbttel 2.2.1675 Duke Johann Georg of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (+Mirow 9.7.1675); 2m:
Schningen 25.1.1681 Duke Bernhard I of Saxe-Meiningen (+Meiningen 27.4.1706)
D9. Anna Sofie, *Wolfenbttel 29.10.1659, +Wolfenbttel 28.6.1742; m.Wolfenbttel 20.9.1677 Mgve Karl Gustav of Baden-Durlach (+Pforzheim 24.10.1703)
D10. Auguste Dorothea, *Wolfenbttel 16.12.1666, +Schloss Augustenburg 11.7.1751; m.Wolfenbttel 7.8.1684 Fst Anton Gnther II von Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
(+Arnstadt 20.12.1716)
D11. Amalie, *Wolfenbttel 7.6.1668, +Wolfenbttel 1.11.1668
D12. Henriette Christine, Abbess of Gandersheim, then of Remiremont, *Wolfenbttel 19.9.1669, +Roermond 20.1.1753
D13. Sibylle Ursula, *Wolfenbttel 11.9.1672, +Wolfenbttel 4.4.1673
C4. [3m.] Duke Ferdinand Albrecht I of Braunschweig-Bevern (1667-87), *Braunschweig 22.5.1636, +Bevern 23.4.1687; m.Eschwege 25.11.1667 Pss Christine of Hesse-Eschwege
(*Kassel 30.10.1648, +Bevern 18.3.1702)
D1. Leopold Karl, *Bevern 30.1.1670, +Bevern 4.3.1670
D2. Friedrich Albrecht, *Eschwege 5.1.1672, +Bevern 27.1.1673
D3. Duke August Ferdinand of Braunschweig-Bevern (1687-1704), *Bevern 29.12.1677, +k.a.Schellenberg 2.7.1704
D4. Duke Ferdinand Albrecht II of Braunschweig-Wolfenbttel (1704-35), *Bevern 19/29.5.1680, +Salzdahlum 3/13.9.1735; m.Braunschweig 15.10.1712 Antoinette
Amalie of Braunschweig-Blankenberg (*14/24.4.1696 +6.3.1762)
E1. Duke Karl I of Braunschweig (1735-80), *Braunschweig 1.8.1713, +there 26.3.1780; m.Berlin 2.7.1733 Pss Philippine Charlotte of Prussia (*Berlin 13.3.1716,
+Braunschweig 16.2.1801)
F1. Duke Karl II Wilhelm Ferdinand of Braunschweig (1780-1806), *Wolfenbttel 9.10.1735, +k.a.Ottensen 10.11.1806; m.London 16.1.1764 Pss
Augusta of Great Britain (*London 12.8.1737, +London 23.3.1813)
G1. Karl Georg August, *London 8.2.1766, +Antoinettenruh 20.9.1806; m.The Hague 14.10.1790 Pss Friederike of Orange-Nassau (*The
Hague 28.11.1770, +The Hague 15.10.1819)
G2. Georg Wilhelm Christian, renounced his succesion rights 1806, *Antoinettenruh 27.6.1769, +Glcksburg 16.9.1811
G3. August, renounced his succession rights 1806, *Antoinettenruh 18.8.1770, +Braunschweig 18.12.1820
G4. Duke Friedrich Wilhelm of Braunschweig (1813-15), *Braunschweig 9.10.1771, +k.a.Quatre-Bras 16.6.1815; m.Karlsruhe 1.11.1802 Pss
Marie von Baden (*Karlsruhe 7.9.1782, +Bruchsal 20.4.1808)
H1. Duke Karl III of Braunschweig (1815-30), declared incapable of reigning by the German Diet in 1830, *Braunschweig 30.10.1804,
+Geneva 18.8.1873
I1. [illegtimate by Lady Charlotte Colville, though he may married her] Elisabeth Wilhelmine, Gfn von Colmar, *1826,
+1880; m.1847 Pierre Antoine Eugene du Collin, Cte de Civry
H2. Duke Wilhelm of Braunschweig (1830-84), *Braunschweig 25.4.1806, +Schloss Sibyllenort 18.10.1884
H3. [illegitimate, it is said, by Marie Rosine Kripphn (*Halle a.S. 6.9.1764, +Glaucha bei Halle 27.9.1817)] Johanne Rosine
Kohlbach, *Glaucha 27.4.1791, +Altenplathow 18.8.1861; 1m: Magdeburg 26.4.1812 Gotthilf Ferdinand Keller (+Magdeburg
13.12.1817); 2m: Magdeburg 24.10.1818 Karl Friedrich von Pieschel (Pruss.Adel 15.10.1840) (+Magdeburg 31.1.1855)
G5. Auguste, *Braunschweig 3.12.1764, +Lohde, nr Reval 27.9.1788; m.Braunschweig 15.10.1780 Duke Friedrich of Wrttemberg (+Stuttgart
30.10.1816)
G6. Karoline, *Braunschweig 17.5.1768, +Brandenburg House, Hammersmith 7.8.1821; m.London 8.4.1795 King George IV of Great Britain
(*1762 +1830)
G7. Amalie Charlotte Luise Dorothea, *Braunschweig 22.11.1772, +Braunschweig 2.4.1773
F2. Georg Franz, *Wolfenbttel 26.9.1736, +Wolfenbttel 10.12.1737
F3. Christian Ludwig, *Wolfenbttel 13.11.1738, +Wolfenbttel 12.4.1742
F4. Friedrich August, Fst von ls, *Wolfenbttel 29.10.1740, +Weimar 8.10.1805; m.Breslau 6.9.1768 Dss Friedrike of Wrttemberg-ls (*ls 1.8.1751,
+Berlin 4.11.1789)
F5. Albrecht Heinrich, *Wolfenbttel 26.2.1742, +k.a.Hamm 8.8.1761
F6. Wilhelm Adolf, *Wolfenbttel 18.5.1745, +at sea 24.8.1770
F7. Maximilian Julius Leopold, *Wolfenbttel 11.10.1752, +drowned Frankfurt an der Oder 27.4.1785
F8. Sofie Karoline, *Wolfenbttel 7.10.1737, +Erlangen 21.12.1817; m.Braunschweig 20.9.1759 Mgve Friedrich of Brandenburg-Bayreuth (+Bayreuth
26.2.1763)
F9. Anna Amalie, *Wolfenbttel 24.10.1739, +Weimar 10.4.1807; m.Braunschweig 16.3.1756 Duke Ernst August II of Saxe-Weimar (*2.6.1737
+28.5.1758)
F10. Luise, *Wolfenbttel 18.12.1743, +Wolfenbttel 22.2.1744
F11. Elisabeth, *Wolfenbttel 8.11.1746, +Friedrichsgnade bei Stettin 18.2.1840; m.Charlottenburg 14.7.1765 (div 1769) Pr Friedrich Wilhelm of Prussia
[later, King Friedrich Wilhelm II]
F12. Friederike, *Wolfenbttel 8.4.1748, +Blankenburg 22.1.1758
F13. Auguste Dorothea, Abbess of Gandersheim, *Wolfenbttel 2.10.1749, +Gandersheim 10.3.1810
E2. Anton Ulrich, *Braunschweig 28.8.1714, +Cholmogory 15.5.1774; m.St.Petersburg 14.7.1739 Dss Elisabeth of Mecklenburg, Gr Dss and Regent of Russia
(*18.12.1718 +19.3.1746)
F1. Tsar IVAN VI of Russia (28.10.1740-7.12.1741), he reigned from the death of Tsarina Anna, his great-great-aunt, 28.10.1740, until he was
overthrown, at the age of 15 months, 7.12.1741, by his cousin the Tsarina Elizabeth; he and his siblings and parents were held in house arrest at
monasteries in Russia until their respective deaths, which may or may not have been natural, *St.Petersburg 23.8.1740, +murdered at Schlsselburg
16.7.1764
F2. Peter, *Cholmogory 30.3.1745, +Horsens 13/30.1.1798
F3. Alexei, *Cholmogory 10.3.1746, +Horsens 23.10.1787
F4. Catherine, *St.Petersburg 26.7.1741, +Horsens 7/21.4.1807
F5. Elizabeth, *Dnamnde 16.9.1743, +Horsens 20.10.1782
E3. Ludwig Ernst, *Wolfenbttel 25.9.1718, +Eisenach 12.5.1788
E4. August, *Wolfenbttel 23.11.1719, +Wolfenbttel 26.3.1720
E5. Ferdinand, *Braunschweig 12.1.1721, +Braunschweig 3.7.1792
E6. Albrecht, *Wolfenbttel 4.5.1725, +k.a.nr Soor 30.9.1745
E7. Friedrich Wilhelm, *Wolfenbttel 17.1.1731, +Wolfenbttel 24.12.1732
E8. Friedrich Franz, *Wolfenbttel 8.6.1732, +k.a.nr Hochkirch 14.10.1758
E9. Elisabeth Christine, *Schloss Bevern, Wolfenbttel 8.11.1715, +Berlin 13.1.1797; m.Salzdahlum 12.6.1733 King Friedrich II of Prussia (+17.8.1786)
E10. Luise Amalie, *Schloss Bevern 29.1.1722, +Berlin 13.1.1780; m.Berlin 6.1.1742 Pr August Wilhelm of Prussia (+12.6.1758)
E11. Sofie Antonie, *Wolfenbttel 23.1.1724, +Coburg 17.5.1802; m.Wolfenbttel 23.4.1749 Duke Ernst Friedrich of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (*8.3.1724
+8.9.1800)
E12. Charlotte Christine, *Wolfenbttel 30.11.1726, +Braunschweig 20.5.1766
E13. Therese Natalie, Abbess of Gandersheim, *Wolfenbttel 4.6.1728, +Gandersheim 26.6.1778
E14. Juliane Marie, *Wolfenbttel 4.9.1729, +Frederiksborg 10.10.1796, bur Roskilde Cathedral; m.Frederiksborg 8.7.1752 King Frederik V of Denmark
(*31.3.1723 +14.1.1766)
D5. Ferdinand Christian, *Osterholz 4.3.1682, +Braunschweig 12.12.1706
D6. Duke Ernst Ferdinand of Braunschweig-Bevern (1733-46), *Osterholz 4.3.1682, +Braunschweig 14.4.1746; m.Bayreuth 5.8.1714 Pss Eleonore Charlotte of Courland
(*Mitau 11.6.1686, +Bevern 28.7.1748)
E1. Duke August Wilhelm, *Braunschweig 10.10.1715, +Stettin 2.8.1781
E2. Georg Ludwig Friedrich, *Bevern 2.1.1721, +Bernau 6.9.1747
E3. Friedrich Georg, *Bevern 24.3.1723, +Bevern 16.7.1766
E4. Karl Wilhelm, *Bevern 27.6.1725, +Bevern 12.9.1725
E5. Friedrich August, *Bevern 3.8.1726, +Bevern 30.3.1729
E6. Duke Friedrich Karl Ferdinand, *Braunschweig 5.4.1729, +Glcksburg 27.4.1809); m.Glcksburg 26.10.1782 Pss Anna Karoline of Nassau-Saarbrcken
(*Saarbrcken 31.12.1751, +Glcksburg 12.4.1824)
E7. Johann Anton, *Braunschweig 16.2.1731, +16.6.1732
E8. Christiane Sofie, *Braunschweig 22.1.1717, +Schleswig 26.3.1779); m.Braunschweig 20.12.1731 Mgve Friedrich Ernst von Brandenburg-Bayreuth
(+23.6.1762)
E9. Friederike Albertine, Abbess of Steterburg, *Bevern 21.8.1719, +Steterburg 5.8.1772
E10. Ernestine, *Bevern 7.10.1721, +Bevern 8.10.1721
E11. Amalie Christine, *Bevern 2.6.1724, +Bevern 25.6.1726
E12. Marie Anna, *Bevern 3.4.1728, +Bevern 27.10.1754
D7. Heinrich Ferdinand, *Bremen 12.4.1684, +k.a.Turin 7.9.1706
D8. Sofie Eleonore, a nun, *Osterholz 5.3.1674, +Gandersheim 14.1.1711
D9. Klaudia Eleonore, *Eschwege 29.11.1675, +Bleckingerode 30.7.1676
C5. [3m.] Christian Franz, *Braunschweig 1.8.1639, +Braunschweig 8.12.1639
C6. [2m.] Sibylle Ursula, *Hitzacker 4.12.1629, +Glcksburg 12.12.1671); m.Wolfenbttel 20.9.1663 Duke Christian of Holstein-Glcksburg (+17.11.1698)
C7. [2m.] Klara Auguste, *Hitzacker 25.6.1632, +Weissenhof bei Weinsberg 6.10.1700; m.Wolfenbttel 7.6.1653 Duke Friedrich von Wrttemberg-Neustadt (+24.3.1682)
C8. [3m.] Marie Elisabeth, *Braunschweig 7.1.1638, +Coburg 15.2.1687; 1m: Wolfenbttel 18.1.1663 Duke Adolf Wilhelm of Saxe-Eisenach (+Eisenach 22.11.1668); 2m: Gotha
18.7.1676 Duke Albert of Saxe-Coburg (+Coburg 6.8.1699)
o B5. Anna Sofie, *14.8.1573, +24.3.1574
o B6. Sibylle Elisabeth, *Dannenberg 4.6.1576, +9.7.1630; m.Scharnebeck 31.8.1600 Gf Anton II von Oldenburg (+25.10.1619)
o B7. Sidonie, *Dannenberg 10.10.1577, +Lchow 4.1.1645
A4. Duke Wilhelm V "The Victorious" of Braunschweig-Lneburg (1559-92), *4.7.1535, +Celle 20.8.1592); m.12.10.1561 Pss Dorothea of Denmark (*Winsen 6.1.1546, +1617)
o B1. Duke Ernst II of Braunschweig-Lneburg (1592-1611), *31.12.1564, +Celle 2.3.1611
o B2. Duke Christian of Braunschweig-Lneburg (1611-33), Bp of Minden (1599-1633), *19.11.1566, +Celle 8.11.1633
o B3. Duke August of Braunschweig-Lneburg (1633-36), Bp of Lbeck (1610-36), *18/19.11.1568, +Celle 1.10.1636; he had illegitimate issue by Ilse Schmiedichen (*1582, +1650); they took the
surname "von Lneburg":
C1. Ernst von Lneburg, *3.11.1614, +Celle 26.3.1642
C2. Georg von Lneburg, *1.8.1618, +21.3.1642
C3. Friedrich von Lneburg, *Celle 7.4.1621, +Wathlingen 27.3.1686; m.Gertrud Anna von Feuerschtz (*26.2.1624, +Wathlingen 13.5.1683)
D1. Arnold Friedrich, *24.5.1651, +2.6.1653
D2. August Dietrich, *1652, +27.8.1688
D3. Ernst Ludwig, +after 1683
D4. Christian Friedrich, *13.4.1657, +Wathlingen 23.7.1728; 1m: 1690 Dorothea von Werpup (*15.4.1668, +Wathlingen 17.9.1698); 2m: 1704 Lucia Margareta von
Sprcken (*Langlingen 9.2.1672, +Lneburg 12.3.1745)
E1. Friedrich Ludwig, *Uetze 12.2.1695, +Wathlingen 23.6.1695
E2. Ernst Werner Georg, *19.11.1705, +Wathlingen 26.1.1707
E3. Joachim Friedrich, *Uetze 13.7.1709, +Lbeck 25.8.1764; 1m: 1730 Luise Ernestine Philippine von Sprcken (+Wathlingen 27.11.1758); 2m: Wathlingen
4.11.1760 Antonie Magdalene Ernestine von Sprcken (+by 1812)
F1. Ernst Friedrich Ludwig, *2.9.1734, +Wathlingen 18.1.1735
F2. Georg, *Wathlingen 7.11.1735, +Uetze 2.10.1794; 1m: Lneburg 2.3.1756 Charlotte Marie Wilhelmine von der Borch (*1728 +Celle 21.7.1763); 2m:
Lneburg 3.8.1764 Elisabeth Karoline Friederike von Blow (*9.3.1745, +Uetze 12.8.1777); 3m: 6.9.1789 Dorothea von Gilten (*1739, +Wathlingen
10.11.1791)
G1. [1m.] Ernst, +young
G2. [1m.] Joachim, *1757, +1758
G3. [1m.] Friedrich Ernst Clamor, *Lneburg 13.8.1759, +Wathlingen 30.8.1760
G3. [2m.] Georg Friedrich Detlef, *Wathlingen 8.1.1768, +Hannover 4.12.1816; m.Wathlingen 24.6.1792 Eberhardine von Uslar-Gleichen
(*Bissendorf 16.9.1775, +Wathlingen 6.6.1867)
H1. Georg Hans Friedrich Karl, *Wathlingen 6.7.1799, +Wathlingen 30.9.1866
H2. Hans Karl Adolf, *Wathlingen 15.10.1800, +Uetze 19.1.1861; m.Wunstorf 2.7.1837 Marianne von Mandelsloh (*Ilten 23.11.1812,
+Uetze 17.11.1870)
I1. Detlev, +young
I2. Alfons, *Uetze 15.7.1841, +Wathlingen 16.7.1926
I3. HANS Georg August Franz, *Uetze 17.3.1848, +Uetze 26.5.1926; m.Borstel 27.2.1880 Auguste von der Decken
(*Harsefeld 5.4.1846, +Uetze 3.11.1919)

J1. Georg, *Uetze 1.2.1886, +Uetze 21.4.1892


J2. ILSE Caroline Elisabeth, *Uetze 1.3.1882, +Hildesheim 1.12.1968; 1m: Uetze 25.10.1901 Albrecht, Frhr von
Hammerstein-Equord (*Hildesheim 5.12.1863, +Schierke 20.5.1911); 2m: Uetze 20.8.1920 Frithjof Frhr von
Hammerstein-Gesmold (*Halberstadt 20.8.1870, +Hildesheim 21.1.1944)
J3. Klara, *Uetze 4.4.1883, +Bielefeld 27.11.1936

I4. GEORG Karl Adolf, *Uetze 25.2.1853, +Hannover 7.3.1897; m.Borstel 9.10.1877 Adelheid von der Decken (*Borstel
19.2.1854, +Braunschweig 9.1.1939)

J1. Alexander Carl Adolf HANS, *Achim 15.10.1878, +Wathlingen 13.2.1948; m.Hmelschenburg 21.5.1908
Anna von Klencke (*Hmelschenburg 26.8.1884, +Celle 14.5.1961)
o K1. ILSE Emma Adelheid Agnes Thyra Auguste Eleonore Ottonie , *Masendorf 16.4.1910,
+Wathlingen 17.5.1965; m.Wathlingen 17.5.1934 Heinz-Henning von Reden (*Schwerin 4.5.1907,
+14.4.1989)
o K2. OSTERHELD Anna Margot Hedwig Agnes Irma Mathilde , *Masendorf 14.4.1914;
m.Wathlingen 3.2.1940 Hilmar Frhr von dem Bussche-Haddenhausen (*Potsdam 3.1.1913)
J2. ERNST August Eberhard Franz, *Hannover 25.9.1881, +Essenrode 10.12.1961
J3. Agnes, *Hannover 1.1.1880, +Hannover 21.3.1932
J4. HEDWIG Marie Eleonore Adolfine, *Hannover 20.11.1882, +Braunschweig 25.4.1942; m.Hannover
28.11.1901 Otto Rr u.Edler von Berger (*Hannover 23.11.1868, +Hannover 10.11.1923)

I5. Agnes, *Uetze 1.4.1838, +Uetze 18.2.1878; m.Uetze 26.1.1877 Karl Meyer
I6. Ida, +young
I7. Klara, *Uetze 30.3.1845, +Borstel 29.1.1900; m.Uetze 20.5.1870 Alexander von der Decken (+Borstel 24.7.1879)
I8. Marie, *Uetze 10.11.1845, +Uetze 9.11.1906; m.Uetze 10.2.1880 Karl Meyer, her brother-in-law
I9. Jenny, *Uetze 26.5.1846, +Bielefeld 10.4.1921); m.Uetze 22.4.1875 Karl Niemeyer (+13.2.1925)
H3. Karl Georg Hans, *Wathlingen 14.12.1801, +Uetze 13.7.1884
H4. Adolf Friedrich, *Wathlingen 25.4.1804, +Essenrode 31.8.1881; m.Hasperde 13.4.1841 Adolfine von Hake (*Hannover
23.11.1820, +Essenrode 14.11.1868)
I1. Eberhard, *Hasperde 1.12.1842, +Essenrode 14.3.1914
I2. Ilse, *Hannover 13.7.1849, +Dunkwitz II.1929; m.Braunschweig 17.12.1872 Ernst von Wagenhoff
I3. Gabriele, *Essenrode 20.10.1851, +Charlottenburg 28.6.1903; m.Braunschweig 17.12.1872 Albrecht von Trotha
(+Aschersleben 6.4.1884)
I4. Edith, *17.7.1857, +1869
H5. Charlotte Eleonore Sofie Friederike Luise Georgine, *Ilten 9.4.1793, +Nienburg 17.4.1826; m.Wathlingen 31.8.1816 Gustav
von Wick (+Wietzen 3.12.1830)
H6. Helene Luise Sophie Friederike, *Wathlingen 11.10.1795, +21.2.1859; m.Wathlingen 2.11.1817 Friedrich von Uslar-Gleichen
(+Verden 17.9.1848)
H7. Eleonore Auguste Amalie, *Wathlingen 5.9.1796, +Wathlingen 31.3.1840; m.Wathlingen 13.1.1824 Hans Ortgies von
Hodenberg (+Wathlingen 6.11.1873)
H8. Luise Marianne Eleonore, *Wathlingen 3.4.1798, +Wathlingen 21.5.1815
H9. Auguste Eleonore Dorothea Amalie, *Wathlingen 29.4.1803, +Wathlingen 29.11.1821
H10. Ida Bertha Georgine Friederike, *Wathlingen 28.12.1814, +Wathlingen 10.1.1819
G5. [2m.] Christian Friedrich Ludwig, *Wathlingen 19.10.1770, +Uetze 25.4.1805
G6. [2m.] Albrecht Ludwig Hans, *1775, +Uetze 16.10.1778
G7. [2m.] Christine, *X.1765
G8. [2m.] Charlotte, *Wathlingen 10.1.1770, +Uetze 24.2.1818
F3. Juliane Lucia Dorothea Agnese, *1.3.1733, +Wathlingen 6.3.1736
F4. Sophie Henriette Osterheld, *Celle 27.6.1746; m.28.2.1766 Georg Ernst Dietrich von Plato (+Port Mahon, Minorca 28.8.1778)
E4. Anna Juliana Maria, *17.7.1691
E5. Lucia Sophia Elisabeth, *Uetze 24.7.1692, +Schwarmstedt 6.5.1761; m.Wathlingen 26.12.1728 Burhcrad Wilhelm von Bothmer (+Celle 8.1.1761)
E6. Katharina Osterheld, Abbess of Ebstorf, *Uetze 20.9.1693, +Ebstorf 3.3.1759
E7. Anna Charlotte, *Wathlingen 30.3.1696, +1729; m.Georg Ernst von Middachten (+5.2.1751)
E8. Maria Amalie, a nun at Lne, *Wathlingen 19.8.1698, +Wathlingen 2.11.1729
E9. Eleonore Elisabeth Marie Luise, *Wathlingen 8.10.1707
D5. Joachim Heinrich, +k.a.in Brabant VII.1693
D6. Johann Hermann, +Wathlingen 29.8.1696; m.Maria Osterheld von der Kettenburg (*1653, +Wathlingen 19.10.1723)
D7. Werner Ludwig, *V.1664, +Wathlingen 23.9.1722; m.1699 Anne Maria von Lderitz (*1676 +1774)
E1. a daughter, +Wathlingen 10.12.1703
D8. Agnes Juliane, +Celle 21.10.1734; m.Wathlingen 22.12.1680 Moritz Hermann von Haxthausen (+1701)
D9. Dorothea Augusta, +1727; m.1687 Hans von Blow-Gltzow
C4. Katharina Elisabeth, +after 1642; m.Georg von Ltzow
C5. Dorothea Sophie, +after 1642; m.Ernst von Nizen
C6. Anna Marie; m.12.9.1630 David Heinrichs
C7. Klara Agnes, +after 1652; m.N Schmiedichen
C8. Ilse Lucia, +after 1642; m.Nikolaus Knaust
C9. Margareta Sibylla, *6.11.1616, +Celle 21.3.1642
o B4. Duke Friedrich in Celle (1636-48), in Harburg (1643-48), *Celle 28.8.1574, +Celle 10.12.1648
o B5. Magnus, a canon in Braunschweig, *Celle 30.8.1577, +Celle 10.2.1632
o B6. Duke Georg of Braunschweig-Lneburg zu Kalenberg (1636-41), *Celle 17.2.1582, +Hildeshein/Wolfenbttel 12.4.1641; m.Darmstadt 14.12.1617 Pss Anna Eleonore of Hesse-
Darmstadt (*30.7.1601 +6.5.1659); for their descendants see HERE
o B7. Johann, a canon in Minden, *Medingen 23.6.1583, +Celle 27.11.1628
o B8. Sofie, *Celle 30.10.1563, +Nrnberg 14.1.1639; m.Dresden 3.5.1579 Mgve Georg Friedrich von Brandenburg-Ansbach (+26.4.1603)
o B9. Elisabeth, *19.11.1565, +Coburg 17.7.1621; m.Celle 3.5.1586 Gf Friedrich von Hohenlohe-Langenburg (+12.4.1590)
o B10. Dorothea, *1.1.1570, +Birkenfeld 15.8.1649; m.Celle 23.2.1586 Karl, Pfgf von Birkenfeld (+16.12.1600)
o B11. Klara, *Celle 16.1.1571, +Heringen 18.7.1658; m.Frankenhausen 6.5.1593 Gf Wilhelm von Schwarzburg-Blankenburg (+30.9.1597)
o B12. Anna Ursula, *Celle 22.3.1572, +Kirchberg 5.2.1601
o B13. Margarete, *Celle 6.4.1573, +Celle 7.8.1643; m.Coburg 16.9.1599 Duke Johann Kasimir of Saxe-Coburg (*1564 +1633)
o B14. Marie, *21.10.1575, +Darmstadt 8.8.1610
o B15. Sibylle, *Medingen 3.6.1584, +Heringen 5.8.1652; m.Dannenberg 23.11.1617 Duke Julius Ernst von Braunschweig-Dannenberg (+1636)
A5. Margarete, *12.7.1534, +Marburg 24.9.1596; m.14.8.1559 Gf Johann von Mansfeld (+3.3.1567)
A6. Ursula, *1.10.1536, +21.10.1538
A7. Katharina, *19.12.1537, +1540/23.2.1618
A8. Elisabeth Ursula, *1539, +Detmold 3.9.1586; m.5.6.1558 Gf Otto IV von Holstein-Schauenburg (+22.12.1576)
A9. Magdalene Sofie, *3.5.1540, +3.6.1586; m.27.4.1561 Gf Arnold von Bentheim (*1538 +1566)
A10. Sofie, *18.6.1541, +Herrenbreitungen 17.1.1631; m.Schleusingen 1.6.1562 Gf Poppo XVIII von Henneberg (+4.3.1574)
Duke Georg of Braunschweig-Lneburg zu Kalenberg (1636-41), *Celle 17.2.1582, +Hildeshein/Wolfenbttel 12.4.1641; the story goes that his older brothers decided that only one of them should marry (I don't
recall whether for financial reasons or out of disinclination) and chose Georg as "the victim"; m.Darmstadt 14.12.1617 Pss Anna Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt (*30.7.1601 +6.5.1659); They had issue:
A1. Duke Christian Ludwig zu Kalenberg (1641-48), in Celle (1648-65), in Harburg (1651-65), *Herzberg 25.2.1622, +bei Celle 15.3.1665; m.Celle 9.10.1653 Pss Dorothea of Holstein-Glcksburg
(*Glcksburg 29.9.1636, +Karlsbad 6.8.1689)
A2. Duke Georg II Wilhelm zu Kalenberg 1648, in Celle (1665-1703), in Dannenberg 1673, in Saxe-Lauenburg 1689, *Herzberg 26.1.1624, +Wienhausen 28.8.1705; m.Celle 2/12.4.1665 Elonore
Desmier d'Olbreuse, cr Frau von Harburg, Gfn von Wilhelmsburg, and in 1676 Dss of Braunschweig u.Lneburg (*Olbreuse I.1639 +Celle 5.2.1722)
o B1. Sofie Dorothea von Harburg 1674, Gfn von Wilhelmsburg (1674-80), cr Pss von Braunschweig-Lneburg 1680, cr Pss von Ahlden 1694, where she was imprisoned after her divorce, *Celle
5/10.9.1666 +Ahlden 2/13.11.1726; m.21.11.1682 (div 1694) Pr Georg Ludwig of Hanover [later, King George I of Great Britain] (*28.5.1660 +11.6.1727)
A3. Duke Johann Friedrich of Braunschweig-Lneburg zu Hannover (1665-79), *Herzberg 25.4.1625, +Augsburg 28.12.1679; m.Hannover/Paris 30.11.1668 Pfgfn Benedikte Henriette von Simmern
(*14.3.1652 +12.8.1730)
o B1. Anna Sofie, *Hannover 10.2.1670, +Hannover 24.3.1672
o B2. Charlotte, *Hannover 8.3.1671, +Modena 29.9.1710; m.Modena 11.2.1696 Reinaldo III d'Este, Duke of Modena (+26.10.1737)
o B3. Henriette Maria Josephe, *Hannover 9.3.1672, +Paris 4.9.1737
o B4. Wilhelmine Amalie, *Hannover 26.4.1673, +Vienna 10.4.1742; m.Vienna 24.2.1699 Emperor Josef I (*26.7.1678 +17.4.1711)
A4. Duke Ernst August of Braunschweig-Lneburg in Hannover (1679-92), cr Elector of Hannover (1692-98), *Herzberg 30.11.1629, +Herrenhausen 2.2.1698; m.Heidelberg 17.10.1658 Pfgfn Sofie von
Simmern (*14.10.1630, +8.6.1714); the British Act of Settlement provided that, in order to secure the Protestant succession, Sofie and her heirs would inherit the British throne upon the issueless deaths
of King William III and Queen Anne (Sofie was daughter of Elizabeth Stuart, Queen of Bohemia, daughter of King James I & VI; Anne survived Sofie by 2 months, or Sofie would have been Queen of
Great Britain; Sofie's rights bypassed a few dozen Catholics with stronger claims, including her own niece/sister-in-law, the Duchess Benedikte Henriette
o B1. Georg Ludwig, Elector of Hannover (1698-1727) and Duke of Braunschweig-Lneburg, succeeded his cousin Queen Anne as GEORGE I, King of Great Britain and Ireland (1.8.1714-
1727), *Leineschloss, Osnabrck 28.5.1660, +nr Osnabrck 11.6.1727; m.Celle 21.11.1682 (separated 1694) Dss Sophia Dorothea of Braunschweig-Lneburg (*5.9.1666 +2.11.1726)
C1. GEORGE II Augustus, King of Great Britain and Ireland (1727-60), Elector of Hannover (1727-60), Duke of Braunschweig-Lneburg, *Herrenhausen Palace, Hannover
30.10.1683, +Kensington Palace 25.10.1760, bur Westminster Abbey; m.Hannover 22.8.1705 Mgvne Wilhelmine Karoline of Brandenburg-Ansbach (*1.3.1683 +20.11.1737)
D1. Frederick Lewis, Pr of Wales, *Hannover 20.1.1707, +Leicester House 20.3.1751, bur Westminster Abbey; m.St.James's Palace 8.5.1736 Pss Auguste of Saxe-
Gotha (*30.11.1719 +8.2.1772)
E1. GEORGE III William Frederick, King of Great Britain, Ireland (1760-1820), King of Hanover (12.10.1814-1820), Duke of Braunschweig-Lneburg, King of
United Kingdom 1.1.1801, *Norfolk House 4.6.1738, +Windsor Castle 29.1.1820, bur St.Georges Chapel, Windsor; blind from 1811; m.St.James's Palace 8.9.1761
Dss Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (*19.5.1744 +17.11.1818)
F1. GEORGE IV Augustus Frederick, King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hannover (1820-30), Duke of Braunschweig-Lneburg, *St.James's Palace
12.8.1762, +Windsor Castle 26.6.1830; 1m: (in contravention of the Royal Marriages Act and was considered legally void abinitio in 1795) London
21.12.1785 Mary Anne Smythe, Mrs.Fitzherbert (*1756 +1837); 2m: St.James's Palace 8.4.1795 Dss Karoline of Braunschweig-Wolfenbttel
(*Wolfenbttel 17.5.1768, +Brandenburg House 7.8.1821)
G1. Charlotte Augusta, *Carlton House 7.1.1796, +Claremont House, Esher, Surrey 6.11.1817; m.Carlton House 2.5.1816 Pr Leopold of
Saxe-Coburg-Gotha [later, King of the Belgians] (*Coburg 16.12.1790, +Laeken 10.12.1865); her death in childbirth was the cause of "the
Great Baby Race"; George III had many sons, but when Charlotte died he had no legitimate grandchildren remaining; her uncles quickly
married and began having babies at relatively advanced ages
F2. Frederick Augustus, Duke of York and Albany, etc, , Prince-Bishop of Osnabrck, *Buckingham House 16.8.1763, +Rutland House 5.1.1827;
m.Berlin 29.9.1791 and in London 24.11.1791 Pss Friederike of Prussia (*Potsdam 7.5.1767, +Oatlands Park 6.8.1820); he is alleged to have had an
illegitimate son named Charles Hesse
F3. WILLIAM IV Henry, King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hannover (1830-37), Duke of Braunschweig-Lneburg, *Buckingham House 21.8.1765,
+Windsor Castle 20.6.1837; m.Kew Palace 11.7.1818 Pss Adelheid of Saxe-Meiningen (*13.8.1792 +2.12.1849); for their descendants see HERE
F4. Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, etc, *Buckingham House 2.11.1767, +Sidmouth 23.1.1820; m.Coburg 29.5.1818 and Kew Palace
11.7.1818 Pss Viktoria Mary of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (*17.8.1786 +16.3.1861)
G1. Queen Alexandrina VICTORIA, succeeded William IV as Queen of Great Britain and Ireland (1837-1901), and was proclaimed Empress
of India (1.1.1877-1901), *Kensington Palace 24.5.1819, +Osborne House, Isle of Wight 22.1.1901, bur Royal Mausoleum, Frogmore;
m.St.James's Palace 10.2.1840 Pr Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, cr Pr Consort 1857 (*26.8.1819 +14.12.1861)
F5. Ernest Augustus, Pr of Great Britain, Ireland and Hannover, Duke of Braunschweig-Lneburg, Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale, succeeded his
brother William as King ERNST AUGUST I of Hannover (20.6.1837-1851), *Queen's House, St.James's Park 5.6.1771, +Herrenhausen 18.11.1851;
m.Strelitz 29.5.1815 and Carlton House 29.8.1815 Dss Friederike of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (*2.3.1778 +21.6.1841); for their descendants see HERE
F6. Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex, etc, *Buckingham House 27.1.1773, +Kensington Palace 21.4.1843; 1m: Rome 4.4.1793 and at London
5.12.1793 (marriage declared null and void, as being in contravention of the Royal Marriages Act, 1794, though the couple continued to live together as
man and wife) Lady Augusta Murray (*London 27.1.1768, +Ramsgate, Kent 5.3.1830); 2m: (in contravention of the Royal Marriages Act) London ca
2.5.1831 Lady Cecilia Gore, who took the name Lady Cecilia Underwood 2.3.1834, and was cr Dss of Inverness 10.4.1840 (*ca 1785, +Kensington
Palace 1.8.1873)
G1. Sir Augustus Frederick d'Este, *Essex 13.1.1794, +Kensington Gore 28.12.1848
G2. Augusta Emma d'Este, *London 11.8.1801, +London 21.5.1866; m.London 13.8.1845 Thomas Wilde, Lord Truro (*London 7.7.1782,
+London 11.11.1855)
F7. Adolphus Frederick, Duke of Cambridge, etc, *Buckingham House 24.2.1774, +Cambridge House, Piccadilly, London 8.7.1850; m.(proxy) Kassel
7.5.1818 and (in person) The Queen's Palace, London 1.6.1818 Landgravine Auguste of Hesse-Kassel (*25.7.1797 +6.4.1889)
G1. GEORGE William Frederick Charles, Duke of Cambridge, etc, *Hannover 26.3.1819, +Gloucester House 17.3.1904; m.(in contravention
of the Royal Marriages Act) London 8.1.1847 Sarah Louise Fairbrother, known as Mrs. Fitzgeorge (*London 1816, +London 12.1.1890)
H1. GEORGE William Adolphus FITZGEORGE, *London 27.8.1843, +Luzern 2.9.1907; m.Paris 25.11.1885 Rosa Fredericka
Baring (*London 9.3.1854, +London 10.3.1927)
I1. GEORGE William Frederick Fitzgeorge, *London 12.10.1892, +Tours 13.6.1960; 1m: Saltburn 1918 (div 1928)
Esther Vignon (*Menglon, France 12.6.1890, +Luc-en-Diois 10.11.1980); 2m: Paris 5.1.1934 (div 1957) France Bellanger
(*Founex, Switzerland 25.11.1911, +Paris 17.2.1974)
I2. Mabel IRIS Fitzgeorge, *London 23.9.1886, +London 13.4.1976; 1m: St.James's Palace 12.12.1912 Robert Shekelton
Balfour (*Stirling 7.3.1869, +Salcombe Regis, Devon 1.11.1942); 2m: London 12.8.1945 Pr Vladimir Galitzine (*17.6.1884,
+13.7.1954)
I3. George DAPHN Fitzgeorge, *London 23.2.1889, +Castiglione della Pescaia 1.6.1954; m.London 8.12.1915 (div
1926) George Foster Earle (*Cottingham, Yorks 8.2.1890, +Baggrave Hall, Leics 11.12.1965)
H2. Rear Adm. Sir Adolphus Augustus Frederick Fitzgeorge, K.C.V.O., *London 30.1.1846, +London 17.12.1922; 1m: Hessle,
Yorks 21.9.1875 Sophia Jane Holden (*2.4.1856, +London 3.2.1920); 2m: London 28.10.1920 Margarita Beatrice Watson (*Waresley
Court 14.4.1861, +London 26.2.1934)
I1. Olga Mary Adelaide Fitzgeorge, *11.6.1877, +Rouen 15.10.1928; 1m: London 18.12.1897 (div 1902) Archibald
Hamilton, Bt.of Trebinshun and of Marlborough House (*10.12.1876 +18.3.1939); 2m: London 5.1.1905 Robert Charlton
Lane (*London 26.1.1873, +Havant 23.5.1943)
H3. Sir AUGUSTUS Charles Frederick Fitzgeorge, *London 12.6.1847, +London 30.10.1933
G2. AUGUSTA Caroline Charlotte Elizabeth Mary Sophia Louisa , *Schloss Montbrillant, nr Hannover 19.7.1822, +Neustrelitz 4.12.1916;
m.Buckingham Palace 28.6.1843 Grand Duke Friedrich Wilhelm of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (*17.10.1819 +30.5.1904)
G3. Mary Adelaide Wilhelmina Elizabeth, *Hannover 22.11.1833, +White Lodge, Richmond Park, Surrey 27.10.1897; m.Kew 12.6.1866
Duke Franz von Teck (*27.8.1837 +20.1.1900)
F8. Octavius, *Queen's House, St.James's 23.2.1779, +Kew Palace 3.5.1783
F9. Alfred, *Windsor Castle 22.9.1780, +Windsor Castle 20.8.1782
F10. CHARLOTTE Augusta Matilda, Pss Royal, *Buckingham House 29.9.1766, +Ludwigsburg 6.10.1828; m.St.James's Palace 18.5.1797 King
Friedrich I of Wrttemberg (*6.11.1754 +30.10.1816)
F11. Augusta Sophia, *Buckingham House 8.11.1768, +Clarence House 22.9.1840
F12. Elizabeth, *Buckingham House 22.5.1770, +Frankfurt a.M. 10.1.1840; m.Buckingham House 7.4.1818 Landgrave Friedrich VI of Hesse-Homburg
(*Homburg 30.7.1769, +Homburg 2.4.1829)
F13. Mary, *Queen's House, St.James's 25.4.1776, +Gloucester House 30.4.1857; m.Queen's House 22.7.1816 Pr William, Duke of Gloucester (*1776,
+1834)
F14. Sophie, *London 3.9.1777, +London 25.7.1848
F15. Amelia, *The Lodge, Windsor 7.8.1783, +Augusta Lodge, Windsor 2.11.1810
E2. Edward Augustus, Duke of York and Albany, etc, *Norfolk House 14.3.1739, +Monaco 17.9.1767
E3. William Henry, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh, etc, *Leicester House 14.11.1743, +Gloucester House 25.8.1805; m.London 6.9.1766 Maria Walpole,
Dowager Css Waldegrave (*3.7.1739, +Brompton 23.8.1807)
F1. William Frederick, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh, etc, *Rome 15.1.1776, +Bagshot Park, Surrey 30.11.1834; m.Queen's House, St.James's
22.7.1816 Pss Mary of Great Britain (*1776, +1857)
F2. Sophia Matilda, *Gloucester House 29.5.1773, +Ranger's House, Blackheath 29.11.1844
F3. Caroline Augusta Maria, *Gloucester House 24.6.1774, +Gloucester House 14.3.1775
E4. Henry Frederick, Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn, etc, *Leicester House 27.10.1745, +Cumberland House 18.9.1790; m.London 2.10.1771 Lady Anne
Luttrell (*London 24.1.1743, +Trieste 28.12.1808)
F1. [illegitimate by Olive Wilmot] Olivia Wilmot, *1772, +1834; m.John Thomas Serres (*1759 +1825)
G1. Lavinia Janetta Horton Serres, *1797, +1871; m.Antony Thomas Ryves
E5. Frederick William, *Leicester House 13.5.1750, +Leicester House 29.12.1765
E6. Augusta, Pss Royal, *St.James's Palace 31.7.1737, +London 23.3.1813; m.St.James's Palace 16.1.1764 Duke Karl II of Braunschweig (*Wolfenbttel
9.10.1735, +Altona 10.11.1806)
E7. Elizabeth Caroline, *Norfolk House 30.12.1740, +Kew Palace 4.9.1759
E8. Louisa Anne, *Leicester House 8.3.1749, +Carlton House 13.5.1768
E9. Caroline Matilda, *Leicester House 11.7.1751, +Celle 10.5.1775, bur Celle; m.(by proxy) St.James's Palace 1.10.1766 (in person) Christiansborg 8.11.1766
(div 1772) King Christian VII of Denmark (*29.1.1749 +13.3.1808)
D2. George William, *St.James's Palace 2.11.1717, +Kensington Palace 6.2.1718
D3. William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, etc, *Leicester House 15.4.1721, +London 31.10.1765)
D4. Anne, Pss Royal, *Hannover 2.11.1709, +The Hague 12.1.1759; m.St.James's Palace 25.3.1734 Fst Willem IV von Nassau-Dietz-Orange (*Leeuwarden 1.9.1711, +The
Hague 22.10.1751)
D5. AMELIA Sophia Eleanor, *Herrenhausen 10.6.1711, +London 31.10.1786
D6. CAROLINE Elizabeth, *Hannover 10.6.1713, +St.James's Palace 28.12.1757
D7. Mary, *Leicester House 22.2.1723, +Hanau 14.1.1772; m.(by proxy) St.Jamess Palace 8.5.1740 (in person) Kassel 28.6.1740 Landgrave Friedrich II of Hesse-Kassel
(*14.8.1720 +31.10.1785)
D8. Louisa, *Leicester House 7.12.1724, +Christiansborg 19.12.1751, bur Roskilde Cathedral; m.(by proxy) Hannover 30.10.1743 (in person) Altona 11.12.1743 King
Frederik V of Denmark and Norway (*31.3.1723 +14.1.1766)
C2. Sophia Dorothea, *Hannover 16/26.3.1687, +Schloss Monbijou, nr Berlin 28.6.1757; m.Berlin 17.11.1706 King Friedrich Wilhelm I of Prussia (*15.8.1688 +31.5.1740)
*** King George I had 3 illegitimate daughters by Ermengarde Melusina von der Schulenberg, cr Dss of Kendal (*1667 +1743):
C3. Melusina, Countess of Walsingham, *1693, +16.9.1778 m.Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield
C4. Margarete Gertrud, Gfn von Oeynhausen, *19.4.1698, +Mannheim 8.4.1726; m.30.9.1721 Gf Albert Wolfgang zu Schaumburg-Lippe (*8.5.1699 +24.9.1748)
C5. Anna Louise Sophie von der Schulenburg, Graefin von Delitz, *1692, +1773; m.1707 (div 1722) Ernst August von dem Bussche-Ippenburg (*1681 +1761)
o B2. Friedrich August, *Hannover 4.10.1661, +k.a.St.Georgen 10.1.1691
o B3. Maximilian Wilhelm, *Osnabrck 13/14.12.1666, +Vienna 27.7.1726
o B4. Karl Philipp, *Iburg 13.10.1669, +k.a.Pristina 1.1.1690
o B5. Christian, *Heidelberg 29.9.1671, +drowned in the Danube 31.7.1703
o B6. Ernst August, Pr-Bp of Osnabrck, Duke of York and Albany, *Osnabrck 1674, +Osnabrck 1728
o B7. Sophie Charlotte, *Iburg 2.10.1662, +Hannover 1.5.1705; m.Herrenhausen 8.10.1684 King Friedrich I in Prussia (+25.2.1713)
A5. Magdalene, *and +Herzberg 9.8.1618
A6. Sofie Amalie, *Herzberg 24.3.1628, +Copenhagen 20.2.1685, bur Roskilde Cathedral; m.Schloss Glcksburg 1.10.1643 King Frederik III of Denmark (*18.3.1609 +9.2.1670)
A7. Dorothea Magdalene, *Herzberg 20.11.1629, +Herzberg 17.11.1630
A8. Anna, *20.11.1630, +13.11.1636
Folco I
dEste, +1128, Marchese d'Este; He had issue:
A1. Azzo IV d'Este, fl 1154
A2. Bonifacio I d'Este, +1163
A3. Folco II d'Este, +before 1172
o B1. Bonifacio II d'Este, fl ca 1180, +1190
A4. Alberto d'Este, +1184; m.Matilda N
o B1. Adelasie, fl 1191
o B2. Auremplasie, fl 1191
A5. Obizzo I d'Este, Mgve di Este (1173-93), Mgve of Genoa and Milan (1184-93), Podesta of Padua, etc, +ca 1193; 1m: NN; 2m: Sophia da Landanara
o B1. [probably by 1m.] Azzo V d'Este, *ca 1130, +1193
C1. Azzo VI d'Este, Marquis of Ferrara (1196-1212) =Azzo I, Lord of Padua & Verona, etc, Mgve of Ancona, Ct of Loreto, *ca 1170, +XI.1212; 1m: N, a dau.of Cte Aldebrandino; 2m:
Sophie of Savoy (*1165 +3.12.1202); 3m: 22.2.1204 Alix de Chatillon (+1235) dau.of Pr Raimond of Antioch
D1. [1m.] Aldobrandino I d'Este, Podesta of Ferrara (1212-15), Mantua and Verona, Mgve of Ancona, *ca 1190, +1215
E1. Beatrice, *1215, +1245; m.Szekeszfehervr 14.5.1234 King Andrs II of Hungary (*1176, +21.9.1235)
D2. [3m.] Azzo VII d'Este, Signore di Ferrara (1215-64) =Azzo II, etc, *ca 1205, +17.2.1264; 1m: ca 1221 Giovanna N (+1233); 2m: 1238 Amabilia (+after 27.9.1274) dau.of
Marchese Guido di Pallavicini
E1. [1m.] Rinaldo I d'Este, *shortly after 1221, +Apulia ca 1251; m.ca 1233 Adelaide (+1251) dau.of Alberigo di Romano; he had illegitimate issue:
F1. Obizzo II d'Este, legitimized 1252, Marchese d'Este (1264-), Signore di Ferrara (1264-93) and Modena (1288-93), etc, *ca 1247, +Ferrara
13.2.1293; 1m: 1263 Giacoma (+1287) dau.of Niccolo Fieschi; 2m: 1289 Constanza della Scala (+1306)
G1. Azzo VIII d'Este, Signore di Ferrara (=Azzo III), Modena and Reggio (1293-1308), *after 1263, +Este 31.1.1308; 1m: Ferrara 1282
Giovanna (+1302/04), dau.of Bertoldo Orsini; 2m: IV.1305 Beatrice dAnjou (*1295 +1320/21) dau.of King Charles II of Naples
H1. [illegitimate] Fresco, Signore di Ferrara 1308, +Venice 1312; m.Pellegrina Caccianemici
I1. Folco, +after 10.10.1308
H2. Ricardo
H3. Pietro, Abbot
H4. Constanza; m.Umberto Caccianemici
G2. Aldobrabdino II d'Este, lord of Modena (1308-26), +1326; m.1289 Alda (+IX.1325) dau.of Cte Tobia Rangoni; for his descendants see
HERE
G3. Francesco, lord of Reggio, +k.a.Ferrara 23.8.1312; m.Orsina Orsini
H1. Azzo IX, Signore di Ferrara, sn di Ariano, +1318; m.Ricciarda di Gucellone da Camino
H2. Bertoldo I, Signore di Ferrara, +21.7.1343; 1m: 1324 Domenica Pio; 2m: Ferrara VII.1339 Caterina di Camino; 3m: Ferrara
VI.1342 Caterina Visconti (+1382)
I1. Francesco II, pretender to Ferrara, Gov of Parma, *VI.1325, +Este 13.12.1384; m.Taddea di Barbiano

J1. Azzo X, pretender to Ferrara, *1344, +Este I.1415


o K1. Taddeo, Venetian gov-general in Friaul, +nr Brescia 21.6.1448; 1m: IX.1420 Maddalena Arcelli; 2m:
1442 Margherita Pico
L1. Bertoldo II, gov-general of Morea, *1434, +k.a.Corinth 4.11.1463; m.Jacopa da Leonessa
L2. Elena; m.Lodovico Cte Torriani
L3. [illegitimate] Costanza; m.Antonio Benzoni
o K2. Francesco, +after V.1424
o K3. Orsina; m.Cte Federico di Porcia
J2. Giacomo, +1349, governor of Parma, +Ferrara 28.10.1392
o K1. Obizzo
J3. Orsina, +ca 1399; m.Federico Savorgnani, lord of Udine

H3. Jacopina; m.Enrico Scrofegni


H4. Giovanne; m.Simone Guido Cte di Battifolle
G4. Maddalena; m.Aldobrandino Turchi
G5. Beatrice, +15.9.1334; 1m: Ugolino Visconti, Giudice di Gallura (+Lucca 1298); 2m: 24.6.1300 Galeazzo I Visconti (*21.1.1277
+6.8.1328)
F2. Pietro, +1304
G1. Obizzo, +after 1317
H1. Ubaldino, +after 1352
G2. Azzo, +after 1352
H1. Gerardo, +after 1403
I1. Antonio, +1439
I2. Azzo, +1476
H2. Imida; m.Niccolo di Macaruffi
F3. Constanza; m.(Guido da Lozzo)
E2. [2m.] Cubitosa, +after 1285; 1m: Marchese Isnardo di Malaspina from Spino Fioritos branch (+1275); 2m: ca 1280 Marchese Tomasso I di Cremolino
(+before 17.12.1309)
E3. [1m.] Constanza, +Ferrara after 1315; 1m: Umberto di Aldobrandeschi; 2m: Guglielmo di Pallavicini (+Cremona 28.12.1284)
E4. [1m.] Beatrice, a nun in Ferrara, +18.1.1262
D3. [2m.] Beatrice, Abbess of Monte-Gemmola, *1192, +Gemmola 10.5.1226
C2. Agnese; m.Ezzelino II (de Romano)
o B2. [2m.] Fora, fl 1193
o B3. [2m.] Bonifacio d'Este, +1228
o B4. [2m.] Adelaide, fl 1193
o B5. [2m.] Tommasina, fl 1193
o B6. [2m.] Gersenda, fl 1193
A6. Beatrice
Aldobrandino II d'Este, Signore di Modena (1308-26), +1326; m.1289 Alda (+1325), dau.of Cte Tobia Rangoni; They had issue:
A1. Rinaldo II, Signore di Ferrara (1317-35), di Modena (1326-35), sn di Comacchio, +Ferrara 31.12.1335; m.Lucrezia, dau.of Niccolo Barbiano
o B1. Beatrice, +10.2.1339; m.1338 Ct Jacopo di Savoia, Pr of Piedmont (*1315 +1367)
o B2. [illegitimate by Orsolina Macaruffi] Aldobrandino d'Este, Bp of Adria 1349, Bp of Modena (1352-78), Bp of Ferrara (1379-81), *Ferrara 1325, +30.10.1381
o B3. [illegitimate by Orsolina Macaruffi] Azzo, podesta of Modena, *ca 1332, +7.3.1371
o B4. [illegitimate by Orsolina Macaruffi] Obizzo, vicar of Ferrara
o B5. [illegitimate by Orsolina Macaruffi] Giocoma; m.Zambrosino Beccadelli
A2. Obizzo III d'Este, Signore di Ferrara (1317/44-52) and Modena (1335-52), Signore di Rovigo (1335-52), Signore di Parma (1344-46), *14.7.1294, +Ferrara 20.2.1352; 1m: V.1317 Giacomina
(Giacoma) Pepoli (+1341), dau.of Romeo Signore di Bologna by Biagia Tettasini; 2m: 1347 Lippa Ariosti, his mistress (+27.11.1347) dau.of Giacomo Ariosti; his issue by this second marriage were
legitimated 1346
o B1. [2m.] Rinaldo, *Ferrara 10.10.1334, +there 20.7.1348
o B2. [2m.] Aldobrandino III, Signore di Ferrara e Rovigo (1352-61), Vicario Imperiale di Modena (1354-61), *14.9.1335, +Ferrara 2/3.11.1361; m.1351 Beatrice (+beheaded 1388) dau.of
Ricciardo di Camino, Signore di Treviso
C1. Niccolo, +young
C2. Obizzo IV, *1356, +beheaded 1388
C3. Viridis, *27.4.1354, +20.8.1400; m.1377 Duke Konrad V von Teck (+1386)
o B3. [2m.] Niccolo II "lo Zoppo", Signore di Ferrara e Rovigo (1361-88), Signore di Modena (1352-88), Signore di Faenza (1376-77), *Ferrara 17.5.1338, +there 26.3.1388; m.Ferrara II.1363
Viridis della Scala (+1394)
C1. Rinaldo, *1371
C2. Taddea, *1365, +Padua 23.11.1404; m.Padua 31.5.1377 Francesco di Carrara, lord of Padua (+1406)
o B4. [2m.] Azzo, *Ferrara 14.3.1340, +there 18.9.1349
o B5. [2m.] Ugo, *Ferrara 18.10.1344, +1.8.1370; m.1363 Constanza Malatesta (+15.10.1378), dau.of Malatesta III Signore di Rimini by Ondedei de Saludecio
o B6. [2m.] Beatrice, *Ferrara 18.9.1332, +1387; m.1365 Fst Waldemar I of Anhalt-Zerbst (+3.9.1368)
o B7. [2m.] Alda, *Ferrara 18.7.1333, +Mantova 1381; m.16.2.1356 Ludovico II Gonzaga, Signore di Mantova (*1334 +X.1382)
o B8. [2m.] Alisia, *Ferrara 18.3.1337, +Ravenna 12.8.1402; 1m: Ferrara 1321 Rainaldo Bonaccolsi (+1328); 2m: Ferrara 1349 Guido III Novello di Polenta, Signore di Ravenna (+I.1390)
o B9. [2m.] Folco, *1342, +1356/58
o B10. [2m.] Constanza, *Ferrara 25.7.1343, +13.2.1391; m.1363 Malatesta IV Malatesta, Signore di Rimini (+17.7.1372)
o B11. [2m.] Alberto I, Signore di Ferrara, Modena e Reggio (1361/88-93), *Ferrara 1347, +there 30.7.1393; 1m: 1388 Giovanna di Roberti (+ca 1390; 2m: 1393 Isotta Albaresani (+Ferrara
V.1393)
C1. [by 2m. before parents marriage] Niccolo III, Signore di Ferrara, Modena e Reggio (1393-1441), legitimized 1393, *Ferrara 9.11.1383, +of poisoning at Milano 26.12.1441; 1m:
VI.1397 Gigliola di Carrara (*ca 1382, +of the plague +1416); 2m: 1418 Parasina Malatesta (*1404, +beheaded at Ferrara 21.5.1425); 3m: 1429 Ricciarde di Saluzzo (+16.8.1474)
D1. [2m.] Alberto Carlo, *1421, +aged 21 days
D2. [2m.] Ginevra, *1419; m.12.10.1440 Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta
D3. [2m.] Luzia, *24.3.1419, +28.6.1437; m.1437 Carlo Gonzaga, Signore di Sabbioneta (+21.12.1456)
D4. [3m.] Ercole I d'Este, Duke of Modena and Ferrara (1471-1505), *26.10.1431, +25.1.1505; m.Ferrara 4.7.1473 Eleonore of Naples (*22.6.1450 +11.10.1493); for his
descendants see HERE
D5. [3m.] Sigimondo, sn di San Martino, *1433, +Ferrara 1.4.1507; m.Pizzocara N
E1. Ercole d'Este, sn di San Martino, +after 1512; m.1491 Angiola Sforza
F1. Sigismondo d'Este, sn di San Martino, gov of Pavia, +Pavia 1560; m.1533 Giustina Trivulzio (+Campogalliano 1590)
G1. Filippo, Marchese di San Martino, gov of Savoy, of Turin & of Piedmont, *Ferrara 1537, +San Martino in Rio 12.12.1592; m.Turin
2/3.2.1570 Maria di Savoia, Marchesa di Lanzo (+Turin 28.10.1580)
H1. Marchese Charles Philibert I, gov of Nice, cr Reichsfrst 1623, *San Martino 1.11.1571, +Milan 26.5.1652; 1m: 1606 Luisa de
Cardenas (+1608); 2m: Livia Marini
H2. Sigismondo III, Marchese di Lanza & Borgomanero, gov of Savoy, *1577, +Turin 1629; m.Franoise Charledes d'Htel
I1. Filippo Francesco, Marchese di San Martino in Rio, *1621, +1653; m.1645 Margherita di Savoia, sna di Dronero
(+5.9.1659)

J1. Sigismondo IV, Marchese di San Martino, *1647, +Parma 28.8.1732; m.1671 Maria Theresia Grimaldi of
Monaco (*1648 +San Martino 20.7.1723)
o K1. Francesco Filippo, renounced his rights 1727, *1675, +1723; m.before 1727 Luigia Sorbellini
o K2. Corrado, *1677, +1680
o K3. Carlo Filiberto II, Principe di San Martino in Rio, *1679, +30.4.1752; m.1734 Teresa Sfondrati
from Dukes of Montemarciano (*2.4.1710 +11.1.1773)
L1. Anna Ricciarda, *2.7.1735, +8.5.1777; m.10.6.1757 Pr Alberico XII di Barbiano di
Belgiojoso (*20.10.1727 +27.8.1813)
L2. Alfonsina, *1737; m.1759 Moscardo Cte Boscardi
L3. Mariannina, *1740, +2.9.1787; m.Rome 12.10.1759 Lorenzo Colonna, Duca di Paliano
(*11.6.1723 +2.10.1779)
o K4. Alfonso, *1681, +San Martino 1686
o K5. Matilda, *San Martino 2.4.1673, +there 2.3.1743; m.1685 Camillo III Gonzaga, Principe di
Novellara (*1649 +16.8.1727)
o K6. Aurelia, *1684, +Naples 4.4.1719; m.Francesco Gambacorta, Duca di Limatola
o K7. Maria, a nun in Milan, *1680, +after 1753
J2. Carlo Filiberto, Marchese di Dronero, governor of Savoy, *1649, +after 1697; m.Threse Nemmes de
Marolles
o K1. Gabriel Francesco, Marchese di Ormea, +k.a.Parma 1734; m.Colomba Cobianchi
L1. Teresa; m.Lodovico Marchese Birago
L2. Orsola Maria, a nun in Milan
o K2. Maria Delfina, a nun in Milan
o K3. Cristina Margherita, *Turin 12.2.1668, +Turin 22.3.1721; m.Turin 9.10.1688 Giambatista Doria
(*15.9.1655 +19.6.1712/13)
J3. Angelica, a nun in Milan

I2. Charles Emanuel, Marchese di Lanzo, Borgomanero e San Cristina, *1622, +Vienna 24.10.1695; m.Paola Camilla
Marliani

J1. Charles Philibert, Marchese di Borgomanero, *1646, +1695; m.1671 Bibiana Gonzaga (*1650 +?)
o K1. Charles Emanuel, Marchese di Borgomanero, *1672, +1736

I3. Cristina, a nun in Milan 1643


H3. Alfonso, *1572, +Modena 1623
H4. Matilda, +after 1625; m.1601 Ferdinando Marchese Bentivoglio
H5. Margherita, *San Martino 18.2.1574
H6. [illegitimate] Francesco "il Cavaliere d'Este", gov of San Martino, +San Martino 21.3.1646
I1. Alfonso, *1607/08, +Modena 1688
I2. Carlo Filiberto, +San Martino 20.9.1678
I3. Contardo Sigismondo, +1623
I4. Maria, +IX.1621
I5. Matilda, +1623
I6. Giustina, +after 1663
G2. Barbara, *1553; m.1573 Francesco Trivulzio (+1578)
G3. Sigismonda, *1534, +after 1590; m.Paolo Sfondrati (+23.4.1587); they were the parents of Pope Gregory XIV
G4. Renata, a nun, *1535
G5. Matilda, a nun, *1545
G6. Filiberto, *1550, +young
F2. Lucrezia; m.1514 Manfredo di Coreggio
E2. Bianca d'Este; m.1495 Alberigo/Ugo di Sanseverino
E3. Diana d'Este, +1545; m.1498 Cte Ugolione dei Contrari
E4. Lucrezia; m.1517 Alberigo di Malaspina Marchese di Massa (+1519)

*** Niccolo had the following illegitimate issue:

D6. Ugo, +beheaded at Ferrara 21.5.1425


D7. [by Stella dellAssassino] Lionello d'Este, legitimised 1429, Signore ereditario di Modena, Ferrara e Reggio (1441-50), etc, *Ferrara 21.12.1407, +Palazzo di
Belriguarde 1.10.1450; 1m: Ferrara 1.1.1435 Margherita Gonzaga (+7.7.1439); 2m: 20.5.1444 Maria (+9.12.1449), an illegitimate dau.of King Alfonso V of Aragon
E1. Niccolo, *Ferrara 20.7.1438, +beheaded at Ferrara 4.9.1476
E2. [illegitimate] Francesco, *1444, +after 1471
D8. [by Stella dellAssassino] Borso d'Este, Duke of Modena & Ferrara (1450-71), Duke in Modena from 1452, in Ferrara in 1471, *1413, +Ferrara 19.8.1471
D9. [by Caterina del Medici] Meliaduse, Abbot of Pomposa and Ferrara, *1406, +1452
E1. [illegitimate] Scipione d'Este
F1. [illegitimate] Ercole, fl 1501
F2. [illegitimate] Scipione d'Este, Bp of Casale, *Ferrara 1498, +Casale Monferrato 15.7.1567
G1. [illegitimate] Paolo
E2. [illegitimate] Polissena; 1m: Giovanni Romei; 2m: Scarmaccio Visconti
D10. [by Anna de Roberti] Rinaldo, abbot of S.Maria della Pomposa, Signore di Ostellato, *Ferrara ca 1435, +Ferrara 1503; m.1495 Lucrezia of Montferrato (*1468 +1508)
E1. Niccolo fl 1511/12; m.Leonora Caleagnini
D11. [by Filippa della Tavola] Alberto, *1415, +8.4.1502; he left illegitimate issue:
E1. Agostino
E2. Borso
E3. Francesco Maria
E4. a daughter; m.1490 Febo Gonzaga
D12. Gurone, an Abbot, +1484
E1. [illegitimate] Niccolo Maria d'Este, Bp of Adria, gov of Viterbo, +Ferrara 5.8.1507; he had illegitimate issue:
F1. [illegitimate] Niccolo
F2. [illegitimate] Gurone
F3. [illegitimate] Ercolo
D13. Camilla; m.1448 Rodolpho Varano di Camarino (+1464)
D14. [by Filippa della Tavola] Isotta, *Ferrara 1425, +Pest 1456; 1m: Oddantonio da Montefeltro, Cte d'Urbino (*1427 +1444); 2m: 1446 Stefano Frangipani, Cte di
Segni (+1481)
D15. Beatrice, *1427, +before 29.11.1497; m.1448 Niccolo di Correggio
D16. [by Anna de Roberti] Branca Maria, *18.12.1440, +Mirandola 12.1.1506; m.1468 Galeotte I Pico, sn della Mirandola (+7.4.1499)
o B12. [naturale] Rinaldo, +1347; m.Maddalena Macaruffi
o B13. [naturale] Giovanni, governatore del Frignano, *1324, +1388/89
o B14. [naturale] Constanza, *1343, +1392; m.2.2.1362 Malatesta III Malatesta (+1372)
A3. Niccolo I, Signore di Ferrara (1317-44) e Modena (1335-44), +Ferrara 1.5.1344; m.Ferrara 21.1.1335 Beatrice Gonzaga
o B1. Rinaldo III, *1336, +1369
A4. Alisia, +1329; m.1325 Rinaldo Passerino Bonacolsi (+1328)
Ercole I d'Este, Duca di Ferrara, Modena e Reggio (1471-1505), *26.10.1431, +15.6.1505, bur Ferrara; m.Ferrara 3.7.1473 Eleonore of Naples (*1450, +1493); They had issue:
A1. Alfonso I Duca di Ferrara, Modena e Reggio (1505-34), *Ferrara 21.7.1476, +Ferrara 31.10.1534; 1m: 12.1.1491 Anna Sforza of Milan (*1473 +30.11.1497); 2m: Vatican 2.2.1502 Lucrezia
Borgia (*18.4.1480 +24.6.1519); 3m: Laura Dianti, formerly his mistress (+27.6.1573)
o B1. [1m.] Alessandro, *30.11.1497, +1514
o B2. [2m.] Ercole II Duca di Ferrara, Modena e Reggio (1534-59), *5.4.1508, +Ferrara 3.10.1559; m.Paris 28.6.1528 Rene of France (*Blois 25.10.1510, +chteau de Montagris 12.6.1575)
C1. Alfonso II Duca di Ferrara, Modena e Reggio (1559-97), *Ferrara 22.11.1533, +there 27.10.1597; 1m: Ferrara 3.7.1558 Lucrezia de Medici (*7.6.1545 +21.4.1562); 2m: Ferrara
5.12.1565 Archduchess Barbara of Austria (*30.4.1539 +19.9.1572); 3m: Ferrara 24.2.1579 Eleonora Gonzaga (*27.5.1564 +6.1.1618)
C2. Luigi, Cardinal d'Este, Bp of Ferrara, Archbishop of Auch, *Ferrara 21.12.1538, +Montegiordano 30.12.1586
C3. Anna, Cts de Gisors, Dame de Montargis, *16.11.1531, +Nemours 15.5.1607, bur Notre Dame d'Annecy; 1m: St.Germain-en-Laye 4.12.1548 Duke Franois I de Guise
(*16.2.1519 +24.2.1563); 2m: Saint-Maur-des-Fosss 29.4.1566 Jacques de Savoie, Duc de Nemours (*12.10.1531 +15.6.1585)
C4. Lucrezia Maria, *16.12.1535, +I.1598; m.1570 (div 1576) Francesco Maria II della Rovere, Duke of Urbino (*1548 +1631)
C5. Eleonore, *Ferrara 19.6.1537, +19.8.1581
o B3. [2m.] Ippolito, Cardinal d'Este, Archbishop of Narbonne, Milan, Arles, etc, *Ferrara 25.8.1509, +Rome 1.12.1572
C1. [natural] Renate, legitimated, +Mirandola 29.11.1555; m.Ferreara 1553 Lodovico II Pico della Mirandola, Conte di Concordia (*1527 +18.12.1568)
o B4. [2m.] Alessandro, *IV.1514, +10.7.1516
o B5. [2m.] Francesco, Marchese di Massalombarda, *Ferrara 1.11.1516, +there 22.2.1578; m.1536 Maria di Cardona Marchesa di Padula, Ctsa di Avellino (+1563)
C1. [illegitimate] Marfisa, *Ferara 1562, +Ferrara 16.8.1608; 1m: 5.5.1578 Alfonso d'Este (*14.11.1560, +4.9.1578); 2m: Ferrara 30.6.1580/10.4.1581 Aldemaro I Cybo, Conte di
Ferentillo, Pr di Carrara (*19.12.1552 +4.11.1606)
C2. [illegitimate] Bradamante, +Modena after 1597; m.1575 Ercole di Bevilacqua (*1554, +murdered Ferrara 13.12.1600)
o B6. [illegitimate by Laura Dianti] Alfonsino d'Este, Marchese di Castelnuovo, *1530, +18.8.1547
o B7. [illegitimate by Laura Dianti] Alfonso, Marchese di Montecchio, *10.3.1527, +1.11.1587; 1m: 3.1.1549 Giulia della Rovere (*ca 1527 +4.4.1563); 2m: 1584 Violante Signa (*1546 +1609)
C1. [1m.] Alfonso, *14.11.1560, +4.9.1578; m.5.5.1578 Marfisa d'Este (+1608)
C2. Cesare d'Este, Duke of Modena (1597-1628), [at the death of Alfonso II, the papacy detached Ferrara and added it to the papal estates], *8.10.1552, +11.12.1628; m.6.2.1586
Virginia de Medici (*28.5.1568 +15.1.1615)
D1. Duke Alfonso III of Modena (1628-29/44?), *Ferrara 22.10.1591, +Castelnovo di Garfagnana/Capri 24.5.1644; m.22.2.1608 Pss Isabella of Savoy (*11.3.1591
+22.8.1626)
E1. Cesare, *1609, +1613
E2. Duke Francesco I of Modena and Reggio (1629-58), *Modena 6.9.1610, +Santhia, Vercelli 14.10.1658; 1m: 11.1.1631 Maria Catharina Farnese
(*18.2.1615 +25.6.1646); 2m: 12.2.1648 Vittoria Farnese (*29.4.1618 +10.8.1649); 3m: Loreto 14.10.1654 Lucrezia Barberini (*24.10.1630 +24.8.1699)
F1. [1m.] Alfonso, *and +1632
F2. [1m.] Duke Alfonso IV of Modena (1658-62), *13.2.1634, +16.7.1662; m.Compigne 13.2.1655 Laura Martinozzi (*Fano 1639, +Rome 19.7.1687)
G1. Francesco, *11.8.1657, +1658
G2. Duke Francesco II of Modena (1662-94), *Modena 6.3.1660, +Sassuolo 6.9.1694; m.14.7.1692 Margherita Maria Farnese (*24.11.1664
+17.6.1718)
G3. Maria Beatrice Eleonora, *Modena 5.10.1658, +St.Germain-en-Laye 7.5.1718; m.Dover 21.11.1673 King James II of England and
Scotland (*14.10.1633, +6.9.1701)
F3. Tebaldo, bur 1656
F4. [1m.] Almerigo, *8.5.1641, +Isle of Paros 6.7./14.11.1660
F5. [3m.] Duke Rinaldo III of Modena (1694-1737), Cardinal (1686-95), *25.4.1655, +Modena 26.10.1737; m.Modena 11.2.1696 Charlotte von
Braunschweig-Lneburg (*1671, +1710)
G1. Duke Francesco III Maria of Modena (1737-80), *Modena 2.7.1698, +Varese 22.2.1780; 1m: Modena 21.6.1720 Charlotte-Agla
d'Orleans (*22.10.1700 +19.1.1761); 2m: Teresa di Castelbarco; 3m: Gfn Maria Renata von Harrach (*8.2.1721 +14.5.1788)
H1. Alfonso, *18.11.1723, +16.6.1725
H2. Francesco Constantino, *22.12.1724, +16.7.1725
H3. Duke Ercole III Rinaldo of Modena (1780-96), *Modena 22.11.1727, +Treviso 14.10.1803; 1m: Massa 16.4.1741 Maria
Theresa Cybo, Duchessa di Massa (*29.6.1725 +25.12.1790); 2m: 1795 Chiara Marini, Marchesa di Scandiano
I1. Rinaldo Francesco, *4.1.1753, +5.5.1753
I2. Maria Beatrice, Dss of Massa, Pss of Carrara, *Modena 7.4.1750, +Vienna 14.11.1829; m.Milan 15.10.1771 Archduke
Ferdinand of Austria (*1.6.1754 +24.12.1806); Modena was inherited by their descendants
I3. Ercole Rinaldo, Marchese di Scandiano, *1770, +1795
H4. Benedetto Filippo Amando, an abbot, *Paris 30.9.1736, +Sassuolo 16.9.1751
H5. Maria Teresa Felicitas, *Modena 6.10.1726, +Chateau de Rambouillet/Paris 30.4.1754, bur Dreux; m.Versailles 29.12.1744
Duc Louis-Jean de Penthivre (*16.11.1725 +4.3.1793)
H6. Matilda, *Genoa 7.2.1729, +Treviso 14.11.1803
H7. Fortunata Maria, *Modena 15.7.1734, +Venice 21.9.1803; m.Nangis 27.2.1759 (div 1775) Louis Franois II, Duc de Conti
(*1.9.1734 +13.3.1814)
H8. Maria Elisabetta Ernestina, *8.2.1741, +4.8.1774
H9. Beatrice, *23.11.1731, +3.4.1736
H10. [illegitimate] Francesco Maria Tesde, Baron del Regno d'Italia, Bp of Reggio, *1743, +Reggio Emilia 1821
H11. [illegitimate] Federico Tesde, *1745, +Reggio Emilia 1820
G2. Gian Federico, *1.9.1700, +Vienna 12.4.1727
G3. Clemente, entered cloisters 1719, *20/23.4.1708, +?
G4. Benedetta Maria Ernesta, *18.8.1697, +Sassuolo 16.9.1777
G5. Amalia Giuseppina, *28.7.1699, +5.7.1778; m.N Marquis de Villeneuf (+k.a.Futach 12.9.1739)
G6. Enrichetta, *Modena 27.5.1702, +Borgo San Donnino 30.1.1777; 1m: Modena 5.2.1728 Antonio Farnese (*29.11.1679 +20.1.1731); 2m:
Piacenza 1740 Ldgve Leopold of Hesse-Darmstadt (+27.10.1764)
F6. [1m.] Isabella, *Modena 3.10.1635, +Colorno, Parma 21.8.1666; m.Modena 18.2.1664 Rainuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma (*17.9.1630
+11.12.1694)
F7. [1m.] Leonora, *1639, +1640
F8. [1m.] Leonora, a nun, *1643, +Modena 24.2.1722
F9. [1m.] Maria, *Modena 8.12.1644, +Parma 20.8.1684; m.1.10.1668 Rainuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma (*17.9.1630 +11.12.1694)
F10. Vittoria, *10.8.1649, +1656
E3. Obizzo, Bp of Modena (1640-44), *1611, +24.8.1644
E4. Cesare, *1614, +20.9.1677
E5. Alessandro, *and +1615
E6. Carlo Alessandro, *1616, +Castel della Rocchetta de Carpi 1679
E7. Rinaldo, Cardinal d'Este, Bp of Reggio Emilia, Palestrina and Montpellier, *1618, +30.10.1672
E8. Filiberto, *1623, +1645
E9. Bonifazio, *and +1624
E10. Caterina, a nun, *1613, +in Spain 1628
E11. Margherita, *1619, +12.11.1692; m.25.6.1647 Ferdinando III Gonzaga, Duke of Guastalla (*4.4.1618 +11.1.1678)
E12. Beatrice, *and +1620
E13. Beatrice, *1622, +1623
E14. Anna Beatrice, *1626, +Mirandola 25.9.1690; m.Modena 29.4.1656 Alessandro II Pico della Mirandola (*30.3.1631 +2.2.1691)
D2. Luigi, Marchese di Montecchio e Scandiano, *27.3.1594, +1664
E1. [illegitimate] Ippolita, *ca 1620, +1656; m.1657 Borso d'Este, her uncle (*1605 +28.12.1657)
(D3. Ippolito, *1599, +1647)
D4. Niccolo, *1601, +1640; m.Sveva di Avalos (*25.2.1594 +4.7.1641)
D5. Borso, *1605, +Castel San Giovanni 28.12.1657; m.his niece Ippolita d'Este (*ca 1620 +1656)
E1. Luigi, Marchese di Scandiano, gov of Reggio, *1648, +VI.1689
E2. Cesare, *1649, +1651
E3. Foresto, Marchese di Scandiano, *1652, +1725
E4. Cesare Ignazio, Marchese di Montecchio, gov of Reggio Emilia, *1653, +Reggio 27.10.1713
E5. Giulia, *and +1650
E6. Giulia, *1654, +1656
E7. Angela Maria Caterina, *1.3.1656, +12.7.1722; m.Racconigi 7.11.1684 Duke Emanuele Filiberto of Savoy-Carignano (*1628 +1709)
D6. Foresto, *1606, +1640
D7. Giulia, *1588, +1645
D8. Maria Laura, *Ferrara 24.3.1594, +Mirandola 1630; m.Modena 1607 Alessandro I Pico della Mirandola (*1567 +2.12.1637)
D9. Caterina, *1595, +1618
D10. Angela Caterina, a nun, +1651
C3. [2m.] Alessandro, Cardinal d'Este, *Ferrara 5.5.1568, +Rome 13.3.1624
C4. [1m.] Eleonora, *Ferrara 1561, +Naples 1637; m.Ferrara 21.2.1594 Pr Carlo Gesualdo di Venosa (*8.3.1566 +10.9.1613)
C5. [2m.] Ippolita, *Ferrara 6.11.1565, +Mirandola 1.6.1602; m.Ferrara 30.5.1594 Federico II Pico, Conte della Mirandola (*1564 +7.9.1602)
o B8. [2m.] a daughter, *and +5.9.1507
o B9. [2m.] Eleonore, a nun, *3.7.1515, +15.7.1575
o B10. [2m.] Isabella, *and +Ferrara 21.5.1519
A2. Ferdinando, *Naples 19.9.1477, +in prison in Ferrara 22.2.1540
A3. Ippolito, Cardinal d'Este, Archbishop of Milan, etc., *Ferrara 20.3.1479, +there VIII.1520
o B1. [illegitimate] Ippolito, legitimized 1551
o B2. [illegitimate] Elisabetta; m.Giberto Pio sn di Sassuolo
A4. Sigismondo, *1480, +9.8.1524
A5. Alberto, *1481, +1482
A6. Isabella, *Ferrara 18.5.1474, +Mantova 13.2.1539; m.Mantova 12.2.1490 Francesco II Gonzaga, Marchese of Mantua (*10.8.1466 +29.3.1519)
A7. Beatrice, *29.6.1475, +2.1.1497; m.18.9.1491 Duke Luigi Moro Sforza of Milan (*1451 +29.3.1508)
A8. [illegitimate] Julio, *Ferrara 13.7.1478, +24.3.1561
A9. [illegitimate by Ludovica Condolmieri] Lucrezia; m.1487 Annibale Bentivoglio
WILLIAM IV Henry, King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hannover (1830-37), Duke of Braunschweig-Lneburg, *Buckingham House 21.8.1765, +Windsor Castle 20.6.1837; m.Kew Palace 11.7.1818 Pss Adelheid
of Saxe-Meiningen (*13.8.1792 +2.12.1849)
A1. Charlotte Augusta Louisa, *and +Hannover 27.3.1819
A2. Elizabeth Georgiana Adelaide, *St.James's Palace 10.12.1820, +St.James's Palace 4.3.1821

*** King William IV had illegitimate issue by Dorothy Bland, an actress whose stage name was "Mrs. Jordan"; these children took the surname "Fitzclarence":
A3. GEORGE Augustus, -cr Earl of Munster, *29.1.1794, +suicide London 20.3.1842; m.18.10.1819 Mary Wyndham (*1792, +London 3.12.1842)
o B1. William George, 2nd Earl of Munster, *19.5.1824, +Brighton 30.4.1901; m.Lonodn 17.4.1855 Wilhelmina Kennedy-Erskine (*27.6.1830, +Brighton 9.10.1906)
C1. Edward, Viscount Fitzclarence, *London 29.3.1856, +20.11.1870
C2. Lionel Frederick Archibald, *24.7.1857, +24.3.1863
C3. Geoffrey George Gordon, 3rd Earl of Munster, *18.7.1859, +2.2.1902
C4. Arthur Falkland Manners, *18.10.1860, +20.4.1861
C5. Aubrey, 4th Earl of Munster, *7.6.1862, +1.1.1928
C6. William George, *17.9.1864, +4.10.1899; m.1887 Charlotte Elizabeth Aline Williams (+5.9.1902)
D1. Dorothy Margaret Aline, *23.9.1888, +?; m.11.9.1909 Cecil Cadogan Elborough
D2. Wilhelmina Violet Eileen, *17.7.1894, +?; m.19.1.1918 Maj. Cecil John Cokayne Maunsell (*2.2.1881, +11.2.1948)
C7. Harold Edward, *15.11.1870, +28.8.1926; m.14.5.1902 Frances Isabel Eleanor Keppel (*20.7.1874, +1.2.1951)
D1. Geoffrey William Richard Hugh, 5th Earl of Munster, *17.2.1906, +27.8.1975; m.9.7.1928 Hilary Wilson (*Sandhils 19.3.1903, +29.10.1979)
D2. Wilhelmina Joan Mary, *17.11.1904, +Little Massingham 1992; 1m: 21.4.1928 Col. Oliver Birkbeck (*6.5.1893 +13.5.1952); 2m: 28.4.1961 Henry John Cator
(*23.1.1926, +27.3.1965)
C8. Lilian Adelaide Katherine Mary, *10.12.1873, +15.7.1948; m.17.1.1893 Capt. William Arthur Edward Boyd (*6.4.1845 +6.12.1931)
C9. Dorothea Augusta, *5.5.1876, +28.1.1942; m.20.11.1890 Chandos Brydges Lee-Warner of Walsingham Abbey and Tyberton (*11.6.1863, +1.10.1944)
o B2. Frederick Charles George Fitzclarence-Hunloke, *1.2.1826, +17.12.1878; m.2.12.1856 Hon. Adelaide Augusta Wilhelmina Sidney (*1.6.1826, +20.9.1904)
o B3. Capt. George, *15.4.1836, +24.3.1894; m.5.7.1864 Lady Maria Henrietta Scott (+27.7.1912)
C1. Brig-Gen. Charles Edward, V.C., *Bishopscourt, Ireland 8.5.1865, +k.a.Ypern 12.11.1914; m.Cairo 20.4.1898 Violet Spencer-Churchill (*London 13.6.1864, +22.12.1941)
D1. Edward Charles, 6th Earl of Munster, *3.10.1899, +1983; 1m: 30.7.1925 (div 1930) Monica Sheila Harrington (+5.10.1958); 2m: 28.9.1939 Vivian Schofield
E1. Anthony Charles, 7th Earl of Munster, *21.3.1926, +30.12.2000; 1m: 28.7.1949 (div 1966) Diane Delvigne; 2m: 18.6.1966 (div 1979) Pamela Margaret
Hydem; 3m: 1979 Alexa Maxwell (*22.12.1924, +1995); 4m: Crowhurst, Surrey 3.5.1997 Halina Winska
F1. Tara Francesca, *6.8.1952; m.1979 Ross Jean Heffler
F2. Finola Dominique, *6.12.1953; m.1981 Jonathan Terence Poynton
F3. [2m.] a daughter, *1964
F4. [2m.] Georgina, *1966; 1m: 1993 (div 1995) Paul Robert Phillips; 2m: 1997 John Adam
E2. May Jill, *6.2.1928, +?; 1m: 4.6.1953 (annulled 1960) Melvin Flyer; 2m: 28.3.1968 John Walter
D2. Joan Harriet, *23.12.1901, +6.1.1971; m.30.3.1933 Lt.-Cmdr. Francis Borchard (+k.a. 25.11.1941)
C2. Edward, *8.5.1865, +7.8.1897
C3. William Henry, *17.2.1868, +24.11.1921; m.11.8.1908 Hilda Charlotte Sankey (+3.1.1959)
C4. Lionel Ashley Arthur, *30.11.1870, +19.12.1936; m.16.7.1913 Theodora Frances Maclean Jack (+12.4.1948)
D1. Mary Theodora Annette, *10.5.1914; m.1948 Adam Gluskiewicz
C5. Annette Mary, *15.6.1873, +7.7.1970
C6. Mary, *7.8.1877, +9.2.1939; m.5.10.1905 Major-Gen. Frederick Drummond Vincent Wing (+k.a.France 2.10.1915)
o B4. Edward, *8.7.1837, +k.a.23.7.1855
o B5. Adelaide Georgiana, *28.8.1820, +11.10.1883
o B6. Augusta Margaret, *London 29.7.1822, +Gimmersta 5.9.1846; m.Paris 10.4.1844 Knut Philip friherre Bonde (*Ericsberg 9.3.1815, +Stockholm 17.10.1871)
o B7. Mary Gertrude, +1834
A4. Henry Edmund, *27.3.1795, +IX.1817
A5. Lt.-Gen Lord Frederick, *9.12.1799, +30.10.1854; m.19.5.1821 Lady Augusta Boyle (*14.8.1801, +28.7.1876)
o B1. William, *and +1827
o B2. Augusta, *XII.1824, +18.10.1865
A6. Adolphus, *18.2.1802, +17.5.1856
A7. Rev. Augustus, *1.3.1805, +14.6.1854; m.2.1.1845 Sarah Gordon (+23.3.1901)
o B1. Augustus, *13.2.1849, +16.10.1861
o B2. Henry Edward, *19.1.1853, +19.2.1930; m.11.6.1879 Mary Isabel Templer Parsons (+17.7.1932)
C1. Capt. Augustus Arthur Cornwallis, *16.3.1880, +k.a. 28.6.1915; m.7.4.1910 Lady Susan Yorke (*7.5.1881, +21.8.1965)
C2. Cynthia Adele Victoria, *7.2.1887, +?; m.11.6.1908 Roland George Orred (+20.6.1963)
o B3. Dorothea, *27.10.1845, +17.5.1870; m.17.3.1863 Thomas William Goff (+3.6.1876)
o B4. Eva, *1.1.1847, +2.3.1918
o B5. Beatrice, *1.1.1847, +18.3.1909
o B6. Mary, *IX.1854, +14.3.1858
A8. Sophia, *VIII.1796, +10.4.1837; m.London 13.8.1825 Philip Sidney, 1st Baron de l'Isle and Dudley (*11.3.1800, +Penshurst 4.3.1851)
A9. Mary, *19.12.1798, +13.7.1864; m.19.6.1824 Gen. Charles Fox (+13.4.1873)
A10. Elizabeth, *London 17.1.1801, +Edinburgh 16.1.1856; m.London 4.12.1820 William Hay, 18th Earl of Erroll (*21.2.1801, +London 19.4.1846)
A11. Augusta, *Bushy House, Teddington 17.11.1803, +8.12.1865; 1m: 5.7.1827 Hon. John Kennedy-Erskine (*4.1.1802, +6.3.1831); 2m: 24.8.1836 Adm. John Gordon (*15.8.1799, +29.9.1878)
A12. Amelia, *21.3.1807, +London 2.7.1858; m.Brighton 27.12.1830 Lucius Cary 9th Viscount Falkland (*5.11.1803, +Montpelier 12.3.1884)
A13. [purportedly William IV's illegitimate son] William Smith, *1788, +11.11.1865; 1m: 1820 Sarah Connop; 2m: 1839 Eugenia Maria do Rosario de Menezes (+Lisbon 1863), illegitimate dau.of King
Joao VI of Portugal
o B1. Alexandre Douglas Smith
o B2. Marie Eugenia Smith de Menezes, *Lisbon 14.9.1840, +Lisbon 19.4.1842
o B3. Elizabeth Maria Smith de Menezes, *Lisbon 8.5.1844, +1866
Ernest Augustus, Pr of Great Britain, Ireland and Hannover, Duke of Braunschweig-Lneburg, Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale, succeeded his brother William as King ERNST AUGUST I of Hannover
(20.6.1837-1851), *Queen's House, St.James's Park 5.6.1771, +Herrenhausen 18.11.1851; m.Strelitz 29.5.1815 and Carlton House 29.8.1815 Dss Friederike von Mecklenburg-Strelitz (*Hannover 2.3.1778
+Hannover 21.6.1841); during the First World War his descendants were stripped of their British titles, though they continue to use them among their official titles; They had issue:
A1. GEORG V Friedrich Alexander Karl Ernst August, King of Hannover (1851-66), Pr of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Braunschweig-Lneburg, etc, lost his throne as a result of annexation by
Prussia 20.9.1866, *Berlin 27.5.1819, +Paris 12.6.1878, he was blind; m.Hannover 18.2.1843 Pss Marie of Saxe-Altenburg (*Hildburghausen 14.4.1818, +Gmunden 9.1.1907)
o B1. ERNST AUGUST Wilhelm Adolf Georg Friedrich, Crown Pr of Hannover, succeeded his cousin as Duke of Braunschweig in 1884 but was stopped from reigning by the Imperial Diet in
1885; he renounced his rights to Braunschweig in favor of his son 24.10.1913; during and immediately after the First World War he was stripped of his British titles, *Hannover 21.9.1845,
+Gmunden 14.11.1923; m.Christiansborg 21.12.1878 Pss Thyra of Denmark (*29.9.1853 +26.2.1933)
C1. GEORG WILHELM Christian Albert Edward Alexander Friedrich Waldemar Ernst Adolf , *Gmunden 28.10.1880, +k.in car accident at Nackel, Brandenburg 20.5.1912
C2. CHRISTIAN Friedrich Wilhelm Georg Peter Waldemar , *Gmunden 4.7.1885, +Gmunden 3.9.1901
C3. ERNST AUGUST Christian Georg, Prince of Hannover, etc, upon his marriage Prussia agreed to install him as Duke of Braunschweig (1913-18), *Penzing, nr Vienna
17.11.1887, +Schlo Marienburg 30.1.1953; m.Berlin 24.5.1913 Pss Viktoria Luise of Prussia (*Marmorpalais 13.9.1892, +Hannover 11.12.1980)
D1. ERNST AUGUST Georg Wilhelm Christian Ludwig Franz Joseph Nikolaus Oskar , Prince of Hannover, etc, *Braunschweig 18.3.1914, +Hannover 9.12.1987; 1m:
(civ) Schlo Marienburg 31.8.1951 (rel) Hannover 4.9.1951 Pss Ortrud of Schleswig-Holstein (*Flensburg 19.12.1925, +Hannover 6.2.1980); 2m: Laubach (civ) 16.7.1981
(rel) 17.7.1981 Monika Gfn zu Solms-Laubach (*Laubach 8.8.1929)
E1. ERNST AUGUST Albert Otto Rupprecht Oskar Berthold Friedrich-Ferdinand Christian-Ludwig , Pr of Hannover, Duke of Brunswick and Lneburg,
Prince of Great Britain and Ireland, *Hannover 26.2.1954; 1m: (civ) Pattensen 28.8.1981 (rel) Schlo Marienburg 30.8.1981 (div 1997) Chantal Hochuli (*Zrich
2.6.1955); 2m: Monaco 23.1.1999 Pss Caroline of Monaco (*23.1.1957)
F1. [1m.] ERNST AUGUST Andreas Philipp Constantin Maximilian Rolf Stephan Ludwig Rudolph , *Hildesheim 19.7.1983
F2. [1m.] CHRISTIAN HEINRICH Clemens Paul Frank Peter Welf Ernst-Wilhelm Friedrich Franz , *Hildesheim 1.6.1985
F3. [2m.] ALEXANDRA Charlotte Ulrike Maryam Virginia , Princess of Hanover, Duchess of Brunswick and Lneburg, Princess of Great Britain and
Ireland, *Hospital, Vcklabruck 20.7.1999
E2. LUDWIG RUDOLPH Georg Wilhelm Philipp Friedrich Wolrad Maximilian , *Hannover 28.11.1955, +Gmunden am Traunsee 29.11.1988; m.Bleiburg
4.10.1987 Gfn Isabella von Thurn und Valsassina-Como-Vercelli (*Klagenfurt 12.2.1962, +Gmunden am Traunsee 28.11.1988)
F1. OTTO HEINRICH Aripard Georg Johannes Ernst August Vinzenz Egmont Franz , *Gmunden 13.2.1988
E3. HEINRICH Julius Christian Otto Friedrich Franz Anton Gnter , *Hannover 29.4.1961; m.Teistungen 19.6.1999 Thyra von Westernhagen (*Oldenburg
14.8.1973)
F1. [illegitimate by Desire Saskia Dick] Oscar Julius Heinrich Ferdinand Nick, *Berlin 29.9.1996
F2. Albert Thilo Ludwig Arndt, *Gttingen 14.12.1999
F3. Eugenia, *Gttingen 19.7.2001
E4. OLGA Sophie Charlotte Anna, *Hannover 17.2.1958
E5. ALEXANDRA Irene Margitha Elisabeth Bathildis, *Hannover 18.2.1959; m.(civ) Amorbach 5.10.1981 (rel) Gmunden 11.10.1981 Fst Andreas zu Leiningen
(*Frankfurt 27.11.1955)
D2. GEORG WILHELM Ernst August Friedrich Axel, *Braunschweig 25.3.1915, +Munich 8.1.2006; m.Salem (civ) 23.4.1946 (rel) 24.4.1946 Sophie Pss of Greece and
Denmark (*Corfu 26.6.1914)
E1. WELF ERNST August Andreas Philipp Georg Wilhelm Ludwig Berthold , *Schlo Marienburg 25.1.1947, +Poona, India 10.1.1981; m.(morganatically)
(civ) Munich 23.5.1969 (rel) Essen-Bredeney 25.5.1969 (div 1979) Wibke van Gunsteren (*Lbbecke 26.11.1948)
F1. Pss Tanja Saskia Luise, *Duisburg 24.7.1970; m.London 6.7.1990 Michael Naylor-Leyland (*London 14.7.1956)
E2. GEORG Paul Christian, *Salem 9.12.1949; m.(morganatically) Munich 15.9.1973 Victoria Ann Bee (*New York 6.3.1951)
F1. Pss Vera, *Munich 5.11.1976
F2. Pss Nora, *Munich 15.1.1978
E3. FRIEDERIKE Elisabeth Victoria Luise Alice Olga Theodora Helene , *Salem 15.10.1954; m.Vancouver 17.8.1979 Jerry William Cyr (*Port Alberni, British
Columbia 16.1.1951)
D3. CHRISTIAN Oskar Ernst August Wilhelm Viktor Georg Heinrich , *Gmunden 1.9.1919, +Lausanne 10.12.1981; m.(morganatically) (civ) Salzburg 23.11.1963 (rel)
Brussels 25.11.1963 (div 1976) Mireille Dutry (*Chelsea 10.1.1946)
E1. Pss Caroline-Luise Mireille Irene Sophie, *Wels, Upper Austria 3.5.1965
E2. Pss Mireille Victoria Luise, *Brussels 3.6.1971
D4. WELF HEINRICH Ernst August Georg Christian Berthold Friedrich Wilhelm Louis Ferdinand , *Gmunden 11.3.1923, +Bdingen/Frankfurt 12.7.1997;
m.Bdingen (civ) 20.9.1960 (rel) 21.9.1960 Alexandra, Pss zu Ysenburg u.Bdingen (*Frankfurt 23.10.1937)
D5. FRIEDERIKE Luise Thyra Viktoria Margarete Sophie Olga Cecile Isabelle Christa , *Blankenburg, Harz 18.4.1917, +Madrid 6.2.1981; m.Athens 9.1.1938 King
Paul of the Hellenes (*14.12.1901 +6.3.1964)
C4. MARIE LOUISE Victoria Caroline Amelia Alexandra Auguste Friederike , *Gmunden 11.10.1879, +Schlo Salem 31.1.1948; m.Gmunden 10.7.1900 Pr Maximilian von
Baden (*10.7.1867 +6.11.1929)
C5. ALEXANDRA Luise Marie Olga Elisabeth Therese Vera, *Gmunden 29.9.1882, +Glcksburg 30.8.1963; m.Gmunden 7.6.1904 Grand Duke Friedrich Franz IV of
Mecklenburg-Schwerin (*Palermo 9.4.1882, +Flensburg 17.11.1945)
C6. OLGA Adelheid Luise Marie Alexandrine Agnes, *Gmunden 11.7.1884, +Hubertihaus, nr Gmunden 21.9.1958
o B2. FRIEDERIKE Sophie Marie Henriette Amalie Therese, *Hannover 9.1.1848, +Biarritz 16.10.1926; m.Windsor Castle 24.4.1880 Alfons, Frhr von Pawel-Ramingen (*Coburg 27.7.1843,
+Biarritz 20.11.1932)
o B3. MARIE Ernestine Josephine Adolfine Henriette Therese Elisabeth Alexandrine , *Hannover 3.12.1849, +Gmunden 4.6.1904)
RULERS OF BRUNSWICK

WELF FAMILY
* Heinrich "der Lwe" 1139 - 1195
* Otto 1195 - 1218, Emperor
* Wilhelm 1195 - 1213, Duke of Lneburg
* Otto I "das Kind" 1213 - 1252, 1st Duke of Brunswick
* Albert "Longus" 1252 - 1279

Braunschweig-Grubenhagen
* Heinrich I 1279 - 1322
* Heinrich II 1322 - 1351
* Otto 1351 - 1399
* Erich I 1399 - 1427
* Heinrich III 1427 - 1464
* Ernst III 1464 - 1466
* Ernst IV - 1496
* Heinrich IV 1466 - 1526
* Philipp I 1526 - 1551
* Ernst V 1551 - 1566, from 1566 Duke of Braunschweig-Lneburg
* Wolfgang 1567 - 1595
* Philipp II 1595 - 1596

Braunschweig-Gttingen
* Albrecht II "the Fat" 1279 - 1318
* Otto III "the Mild" 1318 - 1344
* Magnus I "the Pious" 1318 - 1369
* Ernest I 1345 - 1367
* Otto - 1394

Braunschweig-Lneburg
* Magnus II 1369 - 1373
* Friedrich 1373 - 1400
* Bernard I 1373 - 1434
* Heinrich II 1373 - 1416
* Otto I the Cripple 1434 - 1445
* Friedrich III 1451 - 1457
* Bernhard II 1457 - 1464
* Otto II 1464 - 1471
* Heinrich VII 1471 - 1521
* Otto III 1521 - 1527, from 1527 in B-Harburg
* Ernest I "the Confessor" 1521 - 1546
* Franz 1521 - 1527, from 1527 in B-Giffhorn
* Wilhelm V "the Victorious" 1546 - 1592
* Ernest II 1592 - 1611
* Christian 1611 - 1633
* August 1633 - 1636

Braunschweig-Lneburg in Calenberg
* Friedrich II 1482 - 1485
* Erich I 1495 - 1540
* Erich II 1540 - 1584

* Georg 1636 - 1641


* Christian Ludwig 1641 - 1648
* Georg II Wilhelm 1648 -

Braunschweig-Celle
* Franz Otto 1546 - 1559
* Heinrich X 1546 - 1569

* Friedrich V 1641 - 1648


* Christian Ludwig 1648 - 1665
* Georg II Wilhelm 1665 - 1705

Braunschweig-Lneburg in Hannover
* Johann Friedrich 1665 - 1679
* Ernst August 1679 - 1698
* Georg I Ludwig 1698 - 1727
* Georg II 1727 - 1760
* Georg III 1760 - 1807
* Georg III 1814 - 1820
* Georg IV 1820 - 1830
* Wilhelm IV 1830 - 1837
* Ernst August 1837 - 1851
* Georg V 1851 - 1866

* Ernst August 1884 - 1885


* Ernst August 1913 - 1918

Braunschweig-Wolfenbttel
* Wilhelm 1279 - 1292
then
* Magnus I 1345 - 1369
* Magnus II 1369 - 1373
* Heinrich III 1373 - 1416
* Wilhelm III 1416 - 1482
* Heinrich IV 1416 - 1473
* Wilhelm IV 1482 - 1495
* Heinrich VIII 1495 - 1514
* Heinrich IX 1514 - 1568
* Julius 1568 - 1589
* Heinrich Julius 1589 - 1613
* Friedrich Ulrich 1613 - 1634
* August II 1634 - 1666
* Rudolf Augustus 1666 - 1704
* Anton Ulrich 1666 - 1714
* August Wilhelm 1714 - 1731
* Ludwig Rudolf 1731 - 1735
* Ferdinand Albrecht 1735
* Karl I 1735 - 1780
* Karl II Wilhelm Ferdinand 1780 - 1806

To France 1806 - 1807


To Westphalia 1807 - 1813

* Friedrich Wilhelm 1813 - 1815


* Karl III 1815 - 1830
* Wilhelm 1830 - 1884

To Prussia 1884 - 1913


RULERS OF BRUNSWICK

WELF FAMILY
* Heinrich "der Lwe" 1139 - 1195
* Otto 1195 - 1218, Emperor
* Wilhelm 1195 - 1213, Duke of Lneburg
* Otto I "das Kind" 1213 - 1252, 1st Duke of Brunswick
* Albert "Longus" 1252 - 1279

Braunschweig-Grubenhagen
* Heinrich I 1279 - 1322
* Heinrich II 1322 - 1351
* Otto 1351 - 1399
* Erich I 1399 - 1427
* Heinrich III 1427 - 1464
* Ernst III 1464 - 1466
* Ernst IV - 1496
* Heinrich IV 1466 - 1526
* Philipp I 1526 - 1551
* Ernst V 1551 - 1566, from 1566 Duke of Braunschweig-Lneburg
* Wolfgang 1567 - 1595
* Philipp II 1595 - 1596

Braunschweig-Gttingen
* Albrecht II "the Fat" 1279 - 1318
* Otto III "the Mild" 1318 - 1344
* Magnus I "the Pious" 1318 - 1369
* Ernest I 1345 - 1367
* Otto - 1394

Braunschweig-Lneburg
* Magnus II 1369 - 1373
* Friedrich 1373 - 1400
* Bernard I 1373 - 1434
* Heinrich II 1373 - 1416
* Otto I the Cripple 1434 - 1445
* Friedrich III 1451 - 1457
* Bernhard II 1457 - 1464
* Otto II 1464 - 1471
* Heinrich VII 1471 - 1521
* Otto III 1521 - 1527, from 1527 in B-Harburg
* Ernest I "the Confessor" 1521 - 1546
* Franz 1521 - 1527, from 1527 in B-Giffhorn
* Wilhelm V "the Victorious" 1546 - 1592
* Ernest II 1592 - 1611
* Christian 1611 - 1633
* August 1633 - 1636

Braunschweig-Lneburg in Calenberg
* Friedrich II 1482 - 1485
* Erich I 1495 - 1540
* Erich II 1540 - 1584

* Georg 1636 - 1641


* Christian Ludwig 1641 - 1648
* Georg II Wilhelm 1648 -

Braunschweig-Celle
* Franz Otto 1546 - 1559
* Heinrich X 1546 - 1569

* Friedrich V 1641 - 1648


* Christian Ludwig 1648 - 1665
* Georg II Wilhelm 1665 - 1705

Braunschweig-Lneburg in Hannover
* Johann Friedrich 1665 - 1679
* Ernst August 1679 - 1698
* Georg I Ludwig 1698 - 1727
* Georg II 1727 - 1760
* Georg III 1760 - 1807
* Georg III 1814 - 1820
* Georg IV 1820 - 1830
* Wilhelm IV 1830 - 1837
* Ernst August 1837 - 1851
* Georg V 1851 - 1866

* Ernst August 1884 - 1885


* Ernst August 1913 - 1918

Braunschweig-Wolfenbttel
* Wilhelm 1279 - 1292
then
* Magnus I 1345 - 1369
* Magnus II 1369 - 1373
* Heinrich III 1373 - 1416
* Wilhelm III 1416 - 1482
* Heinrich IV 1416 - 1473
* Wilhelm IV 1482 - 1495
* Heinrich VIII 1495 - 1514
* Heinrich IX 1514 - 1568
* Julius 1568 - 1589
* Heinrich Julius 1589 - 1613
* Friedrich Ulrich 1613 - 1634
* August II 1634 - 1666
* Rudolf Augustus 1666 - 1704
* Anton Ulrich 1666 - 1714
* August Wilhelm 1714 - 1731
* Ludwig Rudolf 1731 - 1735
* Ferdinand Albrecht 1735
* Karl I 1735 - 1780
* Karl II Wilhelm Ferdinand 1780 - 1806

To France 1806 - 1807


To Westphalia 1807 - 1813

* Friedrich Wilhelm 1813 - 1815


* Karl III 1815 - 1830
* Wilhelm 1830 - 1884

To Prussia 1884 - 1913


RULERS OF MODENA

Attoni dynasty
Adalbert ? - 915
Azzo Adalbert ca 940
Adalbert (II) 958 - ca 982

Free Commune ca 982 - 1288

dEste dynasty
* Obizzo II 1288 - 1293
* Azzo VIII 1293 - 1308
Republic 1308 - 1335
* Aldobrandino II 1308 - 1326
* Rinaldo II 1326 - 1335
* Obizzo III 1335 - 1352
* Nicolo I 1335 - 1344
* Aldobrandino III 1352 - 1361
* Nicolo II 1361 - 1388
* Alberto 1388 - 1393
* Nicolo III 1393 - 1441
* Leonello 1441 - 1450
* Borso 1450 - 1471
* Ercole I 1471 - 1505
* Alfonso I 1505 - 1534
* Ercole II 1534 - 1559
* Alfonso II 1559 - 1597
* Caesar 1597 - 1628
* Alfonso III 1628 - 1644
* Francesco I 1644 - 1658
* Alfonso IV 1658 - 1662
* Francesco II 1662 - 1694
* Rinaldo III 1694 - 1737
* Francesco III 1737 - 1780
* Ercole III 1780 - 1796

To the Cispadine Republic 1796 - 1797


To the Cisalpine Republic 1797 - 1802
To the Italian Republic 1802 - 1805
(* Ferdinando 1803 - 1806)
To the Italian Kingdom 1805 - 1814

Habsburg-Lorraine
* Francesco IV 1814 - 1846
* Francesco V 1846 - 1859
RULERS OF FERRARA

dEste dynasty
* Azzo I 1196 - 1212
* Aldobrandino I 1212 - 1215
* Azzo II 1215 - 1264
* Obizzo I 1264 - 1293
* Azzo III 1293 - 1308
* Fresco 1308

To Venezia 1308 -
To Papal state - 1317

* Rinaldo II 1317 - 1335


* Obizzo II 1317 - 1352
* Nicolo I 1317 - 1344
* Aldobrandino II 1352 - 1361
* Nicolo II 1361 - 1388
* Alberto 1388 - 1393
* Nicolo III 1393 - 1441
* Leonello 1441 - 1450
* Borso 1450 - 1471, Duke from 1471
* Ercole I 1471 - 1505
* Alfonso I 1505 - 1534
* Ercole II 1534 - 1559
* Alfonso II 1559 - 1597

From 1597/98 to Papal state


RULERS OF SWABIA

Wettin dynasty
Burghard I 917 - 926

Wetterau dynasty
* Hermann I 926 - 949

Liudolfing dynasty
* Ludolf 949 - 954

Wettin dynasty
Burghard II 954 - 973

Liudolfing dynasty
* Otto I 973 - 982

Wetterau dynasty
* Konrad I 982 - 997
* Hermann II 997 - 1003
* Hermann III 1003 - 1012

Babenberg dynasty
* Ernst I 1012 - 1015
* Ernst II 1015 - 1030
* Herman IV 1030 - 1038

Salian dynasty
* Heinrich I 1038 - 1045

Rheinpfalz
* Otto II 1045 - 1048

von Schweinfurt
* Otto III 1048 - 1057

Rheinfeld dynasty
Rudolf 1057 - 1079

Hohenstaufen dynasty
* Friedrich I 1079 - 1105
* Friedrich II 1105 - 1147
* Friedrich III Barbarossa 1147 - 1152
* Friedrich IV 1152 - 1167
* Friedrich V 1167 - 1170
* Friedrich VI 1169 - 1191
* Konrad II 1192 - 1196
* Philipp 1196 - 1208

Welfen dynasty
* Otto IV 1208 - 1212

Hohenstaufen dynasty
* Friedrich VI 1212 - 1216
* Heinrich II 1216 - 1235
* Konrad III 1235 - 1254
* Konradin 1254 - 1268