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You are on page 1of 19

Semester : 2

Code & Subject: LGB 20103 NUMERICAL METHODS(Set A)

Team Leader: ZULZAMRI BIN SALLEH

Understanding

Remembering

Topic

Question No. Marks

Evaluating

Analysing

(Based on Question Block)

Applying

Creating

TOTAL

CHAPTER 1: Introduction of Numericals Methods

1 25 5 10 10 25

35 90

Approved by:

Date:

UniKL

UN

NIVERS

SITIKUA

ALALUMPUR Doc. No: MIMET/AS

SD/

PEX01-F-0

04

Ma

alaysianInstituteofM

MarineEng

gineering

Revision

Tecchnology(MMIMET) 00

No:

Effective

EXA

AMINATIO

ON PAPE

ER MODE

ERATION Date:

01/12/2010

0

CHECKL

LIST

Page No: 1 of 3

EXAMINATTION PAPER M

MODERATION CHECK LIST

L

Course Name

N : NUME

ERICAL METH

HODS

Course Code

C : LGB20

0103

Semesterr/Session : 2/JAN

N 2012

Section : ASAT

Set No. : A

Date : 9/3/2012

Revision No.

N : 0

Notes:

Moderator shall use the

t latest co

ourse outline and Guidelines Preparin

ng Examinattion Question

ns

for refere

ence.

Questions Constructio

ons Y/N Comment

earning

a. Y

outtcomes of th

he course?

l 80% of

b. Y

the

e topics in the syllabus?

e the questio

Are ons of an acceptable

c. standard when n compared to the Y

applicable Tabble of Specifiication?

Are

e the marks allocated

a fo

or each

d. Y

que

estion appro

opriate?

Are

e the questio

ons prepared

d in

acccordance with

w the Guid delines in

e. Y

Pre

eparing and Marking Exaamination

Quuestions?

Aree types of qu

uestions used

d acceptable

f. in assessing

a students speciific skills (whe

ere Y

applicable)?

Aree types of qu

uestions used d acceptable

g. in assessing

a students critica

al thinking Y

(whhere applica able)?

UniKL

UN

NIVERS

SITIKUA

ALALUMPUR Doc. No: MIMET/AS

SD/

PEX01-F-0

04

Ma

alaysianInstituteofM

MarineEng

gineering

Revision

Tecchnology(MMIMET) 00

No:

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EXA

AMINATIO

ON PAPE

ER MODE

ERATION Date:

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0

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Is th erlapping off questions o

or

h. Y

toppics?

Is th ween the

i. num mber of que estions to be answered Y

and d the examination durattion?

e the questio

Are ons clear and

d

j. Y

una

ambiguous? ?

e the questio

Are ons arranged

d in proper

k. Y

ord

der of difficulty?

Are

e the questio

ons constructed with

corrrect gramm

mar, free from

m

l. Y

typ

pographical error, releva

ant and with

up--to-date phrrase/term?

he format off question pa

Is th apers in

acc cordance with

w that of th he Guideline

e in

a. Y According the TOS-set A

Preeparing and Marking Exa amination

Qu uestions?

e examinatio

Are on instruction

ns clearly

b. Y

stated?

Answer Scheme

S Y/N Comment

Are ded for each

h

a. Y

que

estion?

b. Are

e the provide

ed solutions correct? Y

Are

c. Y

dettail?

UniKL

UN

NIVERS

SITIKUA

ALALUMPUR Doc. No: MIMET/AS

SD/

PEX01-F-0

04

Ma

alaysianInstituteofM

MarineEng

gineering

Revision

Tecchnology(MMIMET) 00

No:

Effective

EXA

AMINATIO

ON PAPE

ER MODE

ERATION Date:

01/12/2010

0

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LIST

Page No: 3 of 3

Additiona

al commentt

Approval

releva

ant decision

a. Approved

b. Approved with

h amendmen

nts

c. Rejjected (plea

ase refer com

mments)

Panel Na

ames

a. MR

R. ZULZAMRI BIN

B SALLEH

c.

Chairpersson

Signature :

Name :

Date :

C

CONFIDE NTIAL

Ma n Institutte of Marine Eng

alaysian gineerin

ng Techn

nology

F

FINAL EX

XAMINA

ATION

JAN

NUARY 2012 SE

ESSION

HODS

LEVEL : LOR

BACHEL

TIME / DURATION :

DATE :

INST

TRUCTION

NS TO CAN

NDIDATES

1. Pleas

se read the instructions

i s given in th

he question

n paper CAR

REFULLY.

2. This question

q pa

aper is printted on both

h sides of th

he paper.

3. Pleas

se write you

ur answers on

o the answ

wer booklett provided.

n in blue o

or black ink except ffor sketchin

ng, graphic

c and

illustrration.

5. Answ

wer FOUR (4

4) questions

s only.

6. Answ

wer all questtions in Eng

glish.

THER

RE ARE 7 PA

AGES OF QU

UESTIONS, IN

NCLUDING T

THIS PAGE.

JANUARY 2012 CONFIDENTIAL

Please use the answer booklet provided.

Question 1

(a) Convert the Computer Numbering system:

iii) 0.4062510 to base 2.

(16 marks)

(b) Determine the Approximation value of the function Taylors Series below,

x 2 x 4 x 6 x8

cos x 1 ...

2 4! 6! 8!

(9 marks)

Question 2

f ( x) 26 85 x 91x 2 44 x 3 8 x 4 x 5

Determine the real roots by using this graph between interval [0,2].

(10 marks)

(b) From (a) determine the root by using Bisection method to find the root with employ

(15 marks)

JANUARY 2012 CONFIDENTIAL

Question 3

3

5 3 cos x dx

0

a) Calculus method.

b) Trapezoidal rule (n =1).

c) Simpsons 1/3 rule.

d) Simpsons 3/8 rule.

e) Multiple Simpsons rule (n=5)

(25 marks)

Question 4

i) Create a 3 x 3 matrix.

10 11 12

A 4 8 12

14 7 0

ii) Define a row vector B from elements in all rows of column 3 in matrix A.

iii) Define a row vector C from elements in all columns of row 2 in matrix A.

iv) Create matrix D from elements in rows 2 & 3 and columns 1 & 2 in matrix A.

v) Assign a new value to the (3,2) element.

(10 marks)

b) Solve the linear equation by using Nave Gauss elimination. Show all the steps.

- 3x 2 7x 3 2

x1 2x 2 x 3 3

5x1 2x 2 2

(15 marks)

JANUARY 2012 CONFIDENTIAL

Question 5

A spherical tank has a circular orifice in its bottom through which the liquid flow out shown

below Figure 1. The flow rate through the hole can be estimated as following equation:

Qout CA 2 gH

Where, Qout outflow(m3,/s),C-an empirically-derived coefficient (0.55),A-the area of the

orifice(m2 ),g-acceleration due to gravity (9.81ms-2) and H- the depth of liquid in the tank.

Use the 4th order Runge Kutta method to determine how long it will take for the water to

flow out of a 3m diameter tank with initial height of 2.75m. [Hint: Area A= r2 , Volume

H 2 (3r H )

V ]

3

(25 marks)

END OF QUESTION

JANUARY 2012 CONFIDENTIAL

FORMULA PROVIDED

Secant Method

Trapezoidal

Simpson

I s2

3h

f (a ) 3 f ( x1 ) 3 f ( x2 ) f (b)

8

LU

Newton Raphson

Gauss quadrature

ba ab

x z

2 2

ba

dx dz

2

Y 2012

JANUARY CONFIDEN

NTIAL

ntegration

Euler

Runge-K

Classiccal Rungg

JANUARY 2012 CONFIDENTIAL

Romberg

0,0

2

1,0

,0

2

4 , 1 1, 1

,

4 1

Bisection

CONF

FIDENTIA

AL

SE

ET A

UNIVE

ERSITI KUALA

K LUMPUR

R

Ma

alaysian Institute

e of Marrine Eng

gineering Techn

nology

ANS

SWER

R SCHEM

ME

JANU

UARY 2012

2 SESSIO

ON

SUBJECT

T CODE : LGB 20

0103

T TITLE

SUBJECT : RICAL MET

NUMER THOD

LEVEL : DEGRE

EE

DURATION :

EXAMINER :

CONFIDENTIAL

Question 1

(101101) 2 (1 2 5 ) (0 2 4 ) (1 2 3 ) (1 2 2 ) (0 21 ) (1 2 0 )

=

32 8 4 1 45

(101.101) 2 (1 2 2 ) (0 21 ) (1 2 0 ) (1 2 1 ) (0 2 2 ) (1 2 3 )

=

4 1 0.5 0.125 5.625

(16 marks)

x 2 x 4 x 6 x8

b) Given function

cos x 1 ...

2 4! 6! 8!

1 cos(x)= 1.0000000000

2 cos(x)= 0.5558678020 ea = 8.0e-001 (1 mark)

3 cos(x)= 0.5887433702 ea = 5.6e-002 (2 marks)

4 cos(x)= 0.5877699636 ea = 1.7e-003 (2 marks)

5 cos(x)= 0.5877854037 ea = 2.6e-005 (2 marks)

6 cos(x)= 0.5877852513 ea = 2.6e-007 (2 marks)

7 cos(x)= 0.5877852523 ea = 1.7e-009

The true value of cos(0.3) is 0.5877852525. Therefore, 6 terms of the Maclaurin series are

necessary to approximate the true value to 8 significant figures.

CONFIDENTIAL

Question 2

(a) Graphical

0

0 0.5 1 1.5

-4

-8

Root 0.58

(b) BISECTION

0.5 1

xr 0.75

2

1 0.5

a 100% 33.33%

1 0.5

The process can be repeated until the approximate error falls below 10%. As summarized below, this

occurs after 4 iterations yielding a root estimate of 0.59375.

iteratio

n xl xu xr f(xl) f(xr) f(xl)f(xr) a

1 0.50000 1.00000 0.75000 -1.47813 2.07236 -3.06321

2 0.50000 0.75000 0.62500 -1.47813 0.68199 -1.00807 20.00%

3 0.50000 0.62500 0.56250 -1.47813 -0.28199 0.41682 11.11%

4 0.56250 0.62500 0.59375 -0.28199 0.22645 -0.06386 5.26%

Graph Marking:

-Correct Point (Total plotting 6 points)--------(6 marks)

-Correct scale both x-axis & y-axis------------(1 marks)

-Root identical on x-axis -------------------------(1 marks)

-Correct data in Table form----------------------(1 marks)

(ii) From the graph, the root can be found where the line crosses the x-axis.

The root;

Xr 0.58. (1 marks)

Question 3

CONFIDENTIAL

Analytical solution:

5 3 cos x dx 5x 3 sin x

3

15.42336

3

0 (2 marks)

0

8 2.030023

I (3 0) 15.04503 (4 marks)

2

15.42336 15.04503

t 100% 2.453% (4 marks)

15.42336

8 4(5.212212) 2.030023

I (3 0) 15.43943 t 0.104% (4 marks)

6

I (3 0) 15.43028 t 0.045% (3 marks)

8

8 4(7.476007) 6.087073

I (1.2 0)

6

6.087073 3(4.318394 2.787819) 2.030023

(3 1.2) (8 marks)

8

8.79822 6.62304 15.42126 t 0.014%

Question 4

a.

Solution marks

i) A=[10 11 12;4 8 12;14 7 0] 2

2

ii) B=A(:,3)

CONFIDENTIAL

2

iii) C=A(2, :)

iv) D=A(2:3,1:2) 2

v) A(3,1)=20 2

1 1 1 3

6 2 2 2

3 4 1 1

6 2 2 2 2

1 1 1 3

3 4 1 1

a21. Multiply row 1 by 3/6 = 0.5 and subtract from row 3 to

eliminate a31.

2

6 2 2 2

0 0.66667 1.33333 3.33333

0 5 2 2

Pivot:

6 2 2 2

0 5 2 2

0 0.66667 1.33333 3.33333 2

eliminate a32.

6 2 2 2

0 5 2 2

0 0 1.6 3.6

Back substitution:

3.6

x3 2.25

1.6

2 2(2.25)

x2 0.5

5

CONFIDENTIAL

2 2( 2.25) 2(0.5)

x1 0.25

6

b.

Solution marks

0 3 7 2 2

1 2 1 3

5 2 0 2

5 2 0 2

1 2 1 3 2

0 3 7 2

Multiply row 1 by 1/5 = 0.2 and subtract from row 2 to eliminate a21.

Because a31 already equals zero, it does not have to be eliminated.

5 2 0 2

0 2.4 1 2.6

0 3 7 2

Pivot:

5 2 0 2 2

0 3 7 2

0 2.4 1 2.6

a32.

5 2 0 2

0 3 7 2

0 0 4.6 4.2 2

Back substitution:

4.2

x3 0.913043

4.6

2 7(0.913043)

x2 1.463768

3

2

CONFIDENTIAL

2 0(0.913043) ( 2)(1.463768)

x1 0.985507

5

Question 5

The volume of the tank can be computed as

dV

CA 2 gH (1) (2 marks)

dt

This equation cannot be solved because it has 2 unknowns: V and H. The volume is related to

the depth of liquid by

H 2 (3r H )

V (2) (4 marks)

3

dV dH

(2rH H 2 ) (3) (4marks)

dt dt

This result can be substituted into Eq. (1) to give and equation with 1 unknown,

dH CA 2 gH

(4) (4 marks)

dt 2rH H 2

Substituting this value along with the other parameters (C = 0.55, g = 9.81, r = 1.5) into Eq. (4)

gives

dH H

0.000548144 (5)

dt 3H H 2

We can solve this equation with an initial condition of H = 2.75 m using the 4th-order RK

method with a step size of 6 s. If this is done, the result can be plotted as shown,

0

0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000

(8 marks)

CONFIDENTIAL

The results indicate that the tank empties at between t = 7482 and 7488 seconds.

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