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SEMESTER EXAMINATION

Table Of Specification - Level of Questions and Marks Distribution

Program: BET - Naval Architecture and Shipbuilding Team Members: -


Semester : 2
Code & Subject: LGB 20103 NUMERICAL METHODS(Set A)
Team Leader: ZULZAMRI BIN SALLEH

Understanding
Remembering
Topic
Question No. Marks

Evaluating
Analysing
(Based on Question Block)

Applying

Creating

TOTAL
CHAPTER 1: Introduction of Numericals Methods
1 25 5 10 10 25

2 CHAPTER 2: NON-LINEAR EQUATION 25 10 15 25

3 CHAPTER 3: NUMERICAL INTEGRATION 25 10 15 25

4 CHAPTER 4: LINEAR SYSTEM 25 25 25

5 CHAPTER 5: ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS. 25 15 10 25

TOTAL 125 5 0 30 15 75 0 125

35 90

Approved by:

Date:
UniKL
UN
NIVERS
SITIKUA
ALALUMPUR Doc. No: MIMET/AS
SD/
PEX01-F-0
04
Ma
alaysianInstituteofM
MarineEng
gineering
Revision
Tecchnology(MMIMET) 00
No:

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EXA
AMINATIO
ON PAPE
ER MODE
ERATION Date:
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0
CHECKL
LIST
Page No: 1 of 3

EXAMINATTION PAPER M
MODERATION CHECK LIST
L

Course Name
N : NUME
ERICAL METH
HODS

Course Code
C : LGB20
0103

Semesterr/Session : 2/JAN
N 2012

Section : ASAT

Set No. : A

Date : 9/3/2012

Revision No.
N : 0

Notes:
Moderator shall use the
t latest co
ourse outline and Guidelines Preparin
ng Examinattion Question
ns
for refere
ence.

Questions Constructio
ons Y/N Comment

Do the questions fulfil the le


earning
a. Y
outtcomes of th
he course?

Do the questions cover at least


l 80% of
b. Y
the
e topics in the syllabus?

e the questio
Are ons of an acceptable
c. standard when n compared to the Y
applicable Tabble of Specifiication?

Are
e the marks allocated
a fo
or each
d. Y
que
estion appro
opriate?

Are
e the questio
ons prepared
d in
acccordance with
w the Guid delines in
e. Y
Pre
eparing and Marking Exaamination
Quuestions?
Aree types of qu
uestions used
d acceptable
f. in assessing
a students speciific skills (whe
ere Y
applicable)?
Aree types of qu
uestions used d acceptable
g. in assessing
a students critica
al thinking Y
(whhere applica able)?
UniKL
UN
NIVERS
SITIKUA
ALALUMPUR Doc. No: MIMET/AS
SD/
PEX01-F-0
04
Ma
alaysianInstituteofM
MarineEng
gineering
Revision
Tecchnology(MMIMET) 00
No:

Effective
EXA
AMINATIO
ON PAPE
ER MODE
ERATION Date:
01/12/2010
0
CHECKL
LIST
Page No: 2 of 3

here any ove


Is th erlapping off questions o
or
h. Y
toppics?

here a fair balance betw


Is th ween the
i. num mber of que estions to be answered Y
and d the examination durattion?

e the questio
Are ons clear and
d
j. Y
una
ambiguous? ?

e the questio
Are ons arranged
d in proper
k. Y
ord
der of difficulty?

Are
e the questio
ons constructed with
corrrect gramm
mar, free from
m
l. Y
typ
pographical error, releva
ant and with
up--to-date phrrase/term?

Format Y/N Comment


he format off question pa
Is th apers in
acc cordance with
w that of th he Guideline
e in
a. Y According the TOS-set A
Preeparing and Marking Exa amination
Qu uestions?

e examinatio
Are on instruction
ns clearly
b. Y
stated?

Answer Scheme
S Y/N Comment

e there solutiion(s) provid


Are ded for each
h
a. Y
que
estion?

b. Are
e the provide
ed solutions correct? Y

e the marking schemes indicated in


Are
c. Y
dettail?
UniKL
UN
NIVERS
SITIKUA
ALALUMPUR Doc. No: MIMET/AS
SD/
PEX01-F-0
04
Ma
alaysianInstituteofM
MarineEng
gineering
Revision
Tecchnology(MMIMET) 00
No:

Effective
EXA
AMINATIO
ON PAPE
ER MODE
ERATION Date:
01/12/2010
0
CHECKL
LIST
Page No: 3 of 3

Additiona
al commentt

Cross (X) the


Approval
releva
ant decision

a. Approved

b. Approved with
h amendmen
nts

c. Rejjected (plea
ase refer com
mments)

Panel Na
ames

a. MR
R. ZULZAMRI BIN
B SALLEH

b. SAIFUL BAKRI BIN ISMAIL

c.

Chairpersson

Signature :

Name :

Date :
C
CONFIDE NTIAL

UNIVERSITI K KUALA LUMPUR


Ma n Institutte of Marine Eng
alaysian gineerin
ng Techn
nology

F
FINAL EX
XAMINA
ATION
JAN
NUARY 2012 SE
ESSION

SUBJECT CODE : LGB 20103

SUBJECT TITLE : NUMERICAL METH


HODS

LEVEL : LOR
BACHEL

TIME / DURATION :

DATE :

INST
TRUCTION
NS TO CAN
NDIDATES

1. Pleas
se read the instructions
i s given in th
he question
n paper CAR
REFULLY.

2. This question
q pa
aper is printted on both
h sides of th
he paper.

3. Pleas
se write you
ur answers on
o the answ
wer booklett provided.

4. Answ wer should be written


n in blue o
or black ink except ffor sketchin
ng, graphic
c and
illustrration.

5. Answ
wer FOUR (4
4) questions
s only.

6. Answ
wer all questtions in Eng
glish.

THER
RE ARE 7 PA
AGES OF QU
UESTIONS, IN
NCLUDING T
THIS PAGE.
JANUARY 2012 CONFIDENTIAL

INSTRUCTION: Answer only FOUR (4) questions.


Please use the answer booklet provided.

Question 1
(a) Convert the Computer Numbering system:

i) 10110012 to base 10.

ii) 110.001012 to base 10.


iii) 0.4062510 to base 2.

iv) 58.312510 to base 2.

(16 marks)
(b) Determine the Approximation value of the function Taylors Series below,

x 2 x 4 x 6 x8
cos x 1 ...
2 4! 6! 8!

Let use value of x 0.3 .

(9 marks)
Question 2

(a) Use a graphical methods for the Nonlinear equation below;

f ( x) 26 85 x 91x 2 44 x 3 8 x 4 x 5
Determine the real roots by using this graph between interval [0,2].
(10 marks)

(b) From (a) determine the root by using Bisection method to find the root with employ

initial value x1 0.5 and x 2 1.0 .Determine the root to s 10% .


(15 marks)

LGB20103 NUMERICAL METHODS 2


JANUARY 2012 CONFIDENTIAL

Question 3

Evaluate the following function by using :


3

5 3 cos x dx
0
a) Calculus method.
b) Trapezoidal rule (n =1).
c) Simpsons 1/3 rule.
d) Simpsons 3/8 rule.
e) Multiple Simpsons rule (n=5)

(25 marks)
Question 4

a) Use the Scilab programming to solve the below matrix.


i) Create a 3 x 3 matrix.

10 11 12
A 4 8 12
14 7 0
ii) Define a row vector B from elements in all rows of column 3 in matrix A.
iii) Define a row vector C from elements in all columns of row 2 in matrix A.
iv) Create matrix D from elements in rows 2 & 3 and columns 1 & 2 in matrix A.
v) Assign a new value to the (3,2) element.
(10 marks)

b) Solve the linear equation by using Nave Gauss elimination. Show all the steps.

- 3x 2 7x 3 2
x1 2x 2 x 3 3
5x1 2x 2 2
(15 marks)

LGB20103 NUMERICAL METHODS 3


JANUARY 2012 CONFIDENTIAL

Question 5

A spherical tank has a circular orifice in its bottom through which the liquid flow out shown
below Figure 1. The flow rate through the hole can be estimated as following equation:

Qout CA 2 gH
Where, Qout outflow(m3,/s),C-an empirically-derived coefficient (0.55),A-the area of the
orifice(m2 ),g-acceleration due to gravity (9.81ms-2) and H- the depth of liquid in the tank.
Use the 4th order Runge Kutta method to determine how long it will take for the water to
flow out of a 3m diameter tank with initial height of 2.75m. [Hint: Area A= r2 , Volume
H 2 (3r H )
V ]
3

Figure 1: Spherical Tank

(25 marks)

END OF QUESTION

LGB20103 NUMERICAL METHODS 4


JANUARY 2012 CONFIDENTIAL

FORMULA PROVIDED

Secant Method

Trapezoidal

Simpson

I s2
3h
f (a ) 3 f ( x1 ) 3 f ( x2 ) f (b)
8
LU

Newton Raphson

Gauss quadrature

ba ab
x z
2 2
ba
dx dz
2

LGB20103 NUMERICAL METHODS 5


Y 2012
JANUARY CONFIDEN
NTIAL

Table parameter for Gaussian In


ntegration

Euler

Kutta second order


Runge-K

ge-Kutta 4th Order


Classiccal Rungg
JANUARY 2012 CONFIDENTIAL

Romberg

0,0
2

1,0
,0
2

4 , 1 1, 1
,
4 1
Bisection

LGB20103 NUMERICAL METHODS 7


CONF
FIDENTIA
AL

SE
ET A

UNIVE
ERSITI KUALA
K LUMPUR
R
Ma
alaysian Institute
e of Marrine Eng
gineering Techn
nology

ANS
SWER
R SCHEM
ME
JANU
UARY 2012
2 SESSIO
ON

SUBJECT
T CODE : LGB 20
0103

T TITLE
SUBJECT : RICAL MET
NUMER THOD

LEVEL : DEGRE
EE

DURATION :

EXAMINER :
CONFIDENTIAL

Question 1

a) Convert the Computer Numbering system:

i) 10110012 to base 10.

(101101) 2 (1 2 5 ) (0 2 4 ) (1 2 3 ) (1 2 2 ) (0 21 ) (1 2 0 )
=
32 8 4 1 45

ii) 110.001012 to base 10


(101.101) 2 (1 2 2 ) (0 21 ) (1 2 0 ) (1 2 1 ) (0 2 2 ) (1 2 3 )
=
4 1 0.5 0.125 5.625

iii) 0.4062510 to base 2.= 0.011012

iv) 58.312510 to base 2.=111010.01012

(16 marks)

x 2 x 4 x 6 x8
b) Given function
cos x 1 ...
2 4! 6! 8!
1 cos(x)= 1.0000000000
2 cos(x)= 0.5558678020 ea = 8.0e-001 (1 mark)
3 cos(x)= 0.5887433702 ea = 5.6e-002 (2 marks)
4 cos(x)= 0.5877699636 ea = 1.7e-003 (2 marks)
5 cos(x)= 0.5877854037 ea = 2.6e-005 (2 marks)
6 cos(x)= 0.5877852513 ea = 2.6e-007 (2 marks)
7 cos(x)= 0.5877852523 ea = 1.7e-009

The true value of cos(0.3) is 0.5877852525. Therefore, 6 terms of the Maclaurin series are
necessary to approximate the true value to 8 significant figures.

LGB20103 NUMERICAL METHODS 2


CONFIDENTIAL

Question 2

(a) Graphical

0
0 0.5 1 1.5
-4

-8

Root 0.58

(b) BISECTION

0.5 1
xr 0.75
2

1 0.5
a 100% 33.33%
1 0.5

f (0.5) f (0.75) 1.47813( 2.07236) 3.06321

Therefore, the new bracket is xl = 0.5 and xu = 0.75.

The process can be repeated until the approximate error falls below 10%. As summarized below, this
occurs after 4 iterations yielding a root estimate of 0.59375.

iteratio
n xl xu xr f(xl) f(xr) f(xl)f(xr) a
1 0.50000 1.00000 0.75000 -1.47813 2.07236 -3.06321
2 0.50000 0.75000 0.62500 -1.47813 0.68199 -1.00807 20.00%
3 0.50000 0.62500 0.56250 -1.47813 -0.28199 0.41682 11.11%
4 0.56250 0.62500 0.59375 -0.28199 0.22645 -0.06386 5.26%

Graph Marking:
-Correct Point (Total plotting 6 points)--------(6 marks)
-Correct scale both x-axis & y-axis------------(1 marks)
-Root identical on x-axis -------------------------(1 marks)
-Correct data in Table form----------------------(1 marks)
(ii) From the graph, the root can be found where the line crosses the x-axis.
The root;
Xr 0.58. (1 marks)
Question 3

LGB20103 NUMERICAL METHODS 3


CONFIDENTIAL

Analytical solution:

5 3 cos x dx 5x 3 sin x
3
15.42336
3
0 (2 marks)
0

(a) Trapezoidal rule (n = 1):

8 2.030023
I (3 0) 15.04503 (4 marks)
2
15.42336 15.04503
t 100% 2.453% (4 marks)
15.42336

(b) Simpsons 1/3 rule (n = 2):

8 4(5.212212) 2.030023
I (3 0) 15.43943 t 0.104% (4 marks)
6

(c) Simpsons 3/8 rule:

8 3(6.620907 3.751559) 2.030023


I (3 0) 15.43028 t 0.045% (3 marks)
8

(d) Simpsons rules (n = 5):

8 4(7.476007) 6.087073
I (1.2 0)
6
6.087073 3(4.318394 2.787819) 2.030023
(3 1.2) (8 marks)
8
8.79822 6.62304 15.42126 t 0.014%

Question 4

a.
Solution marks

Write Scilab programming;


i) A=[10 11 12;4 8 12;14 7 0] 2

2
ii) B=A(:,3)

LGB20103 NUMERICAL METHODS 4


CONFIDENTIAL

2
iii) C=A(2, :)

iv) D=A(2:3,1:2) 2

v) A(3,1)=20 2

(b) The system is first expressed as an augmented matrix:

1 1 1 3
6 2 2 2
3 4 1 1

Forward elimination: First, we pivot by switching rows 1 and 2:

6 2 2 2 2
1 1 1 3
3 4 1 1

Multiply row 1 by 1/6 = 0.16667 and subtract from row 2 to eliminate


a21. Multiply row 1 by 3/6 = 0.5 and subtract from row 3 to
eliminate a31.
2
6 2 2 2
0 0.66667 1.33333 3.33333
0 5 2 2

Pivot:

6 2 2 2
0 5 2 2
0 0.66667 1.33333 3.33333 2

Multiply row 2 by 0.66667/5 = 0.133333 and subtract from row 3 to


eliminate a32.

6 2 2 2
0 5 2 2
0 0 1.6 3.6

Back substitution:

3.6
x3 2.25
1.6

2 2(2.25)
x2 0.5
5

LGB20103 NUMERICAL METHODS 5


CONFIDENTIAL

2 2( 2.25) 2(0.5)
x1 0.25
6

b.
Solution marks

The system is first expressed as an augmented matrix:

0 3 7 2 2
1 2 1 3
5 2 0 2

Forward elimination: First, we pivot by switching rows 1 and 3:

5 2 0 2
1 2 1 3 2
0 3 7 2

Multiply row 1 by 1/5 = 0.2 and subtract from row 2 to eliminate a21.
Because a31 already equals zero, it does not have to be eliminated.

5 2 0 2
0 2.4 1 2.6
0 3 7 2

Pivot:

5 2 0 2 2
0 3 7 2
0 2.4 1 2.6

Multiply row 2 by 2.4/(3) = 0.8 and subtract from row 3 to eliminate


a32.

5 2 0 2
0 3 7 2
0 0 4.6 4.2 2

Back substitution:

4.2
x3 0.913043
4.6

2 7(0.913043)
x2 1.463768
3
2

LGB20103 NUMERICAL METHODS 6


CONFIDENTIAL

2 0(0.913043) ( 2)(1.463768)
x1 0.985507
5

Question 5
The volume of the tank can be computed as

dV
CA 2 gH (1) (2 marks)
dt

This equation cannot be solved because it has 2 unknowns: V and H. The volume is related to
the depth of liquid by

H 2 (3r H )
V (2) (4 marks)
3

Equation (2) can be differentiated to give

dV dH
(2rH H 2 ) (3) (4marks)
dt dt

This result can be substituted into Eq. (1) to give and equation with 1 unknown,

dH CA 2 gH
(4) (4 marks)
dt 2rH H 2

The area of the orifice can be computed as

A (0.015) 2 0.000707 (3 marks)

Substituting this value along with the other parameters (C = 0.55, g = 9.81, r = 1.5) into Eq. (4)
gives

dH H
0.000548144 (5)
dt 3H H 2

We can solve this equation with an initial condition of H = 2.75 m using the 4th-order RK
method with a step size of 6 s. If this is done, the result can be plotted as shown,

0
0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000
(8 marks)

LGB20103 NUMERICAL METHODS 7


CONFIDENTIAL

The results indicate that the tank empties at between t = 7482 and 7488 seconds.

END OF ANSWER SCHEME

LGB20103 NUMERICAL METHODS 8