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INFINITIVES

We use the Full infinitive (to + base form of the verb):


1. To express purpose.
Im going to the supermarket to get some fruit.
2. After certain verbs: want, would like, would love, hope, decide, manage, plan, arrange,
advise, choose, learn, offer, promise, afford, agree, expect, seem, forget, teach, need, try, tell,
etc.
I havent managed to find it yet.
Full 3. After it + be + adjective (its nice, it was stupid, etc.).
Infinitive Its difficult to explain.
4. After certain adjectives: afraid, surprised, free, happy, ready, sorry, pleased, etc.
Are you afraid to ask him?
5. After too and enough.
You are too young to say out late.
Im strong enough to carry the box.
6. After questions words (who, how, what, etc.) in indirect questions.
Do you know how to get there?
We use the Bare infinitive (base form of the verb without to):
1. After modal verbs: can, could, will, would, should, may, might, must.
Could you give me a glass of water?
Bare Infinitive
You must visit the doctor today.
2. After the verbs let and make (in the active voice).
She makes me study all the time.

-ING FORM
We use the -ing form:
1. After certain verbs: like, love, hate, enjoy, prefer, suggest, start, finish, continue, keep, stop, begin, avoid,
imagine, spend (time), etc.
I like listening music, but I hate dancing.
2. After certain expressions: dont mind, cant stand, be interested in, its worth, How/What about...?, I look
forward to, etc.
I look forward to seeing you.
3. After prepositions.
Im so excited about going on this trip.
4. As a subject of a verb.
Smoking is a bad habit.

SHOULD / HAD BETTER


We use Should / Shouldnt + bare infinitive to:
1. Ask for and give advice.
Should I stay or should I go?
2. Express an opinion.
Should She should tell her mom about it.
3. Make a suggestion.
Shouldnt we discuss it with the boss first?
4. Express mild obligation.
You should go to work on time.
We use Had better + bare infinitive to give strong advice.
It often express threat or warning and its stronger than should.
It refers to the present or future, not the past.
Had better
Its negative form is had better not.
In spoken English, the short form is commonly used: Id better, youd better, etc.
Youd better ask a doctor about it.
Voice is the form of verb indicates, whether Subject of the Verb PERFORMS the action (or) RECEIVES the action
If subject of the Verb Performs the action It is termed as ACTIVE VOICE.
Else
If Object of the Verb performs the action it is termed as PASSIVE VOICE.

State the Rules to convert a sentence from Active Voice to Passive Voice.
1. Convert "Object of the Sentence into Subject".

2. Use the "be form\have form" as helping verb.


Before helping verbs depicted in below mentioned image.
Have form represents to "have, has, had".

3. Main verb should always mention in Past Participle


form.

4. After Main verb use preposition "by".


5. After "by" replace OBJECT with SUBJECT.
How to differentiate the sentence structure of Active Voice to Passive Voice?

State the Person's differentiation from Active Voice to Passive Voice.


Person Active Voice Passive Voice
1st Singular I Me
2nd Singular You You
3rd Singular He Him
3rd Singular She Her
3rd Singular It It
1st Plural We Us
2nd Plural You You
3rd Plural They Them
ACTIVE VOICE PASSIVE VOICE
TENSE
Helping Verb Main Verb Helping Verb Main Verb
Do, does Am, are, is Pp
Present
I hunt dinosaurs. Dinosaurs are hunted.
Did Was, were Pp
Simple Past
I hunted dinosaurs. Dinosaurs were hunted.
Will Will + Be Pp
Future
I will hunt dinosaurs. Dinosaurs will be hunted.
Am, are, is Verb + ing Am, are, is + Being Pp
Present
Im hunting dinosaurs. Dinosaurs are being hunted.
Was, were Verb + ing Was, were + Being Pp
Continuous Past
I was hunting dinosaurs. Dinosaurs were being hunted.
Will
Future

Have, has Pp Have, has + Been Pp


Present
I have hunted dinosaurs. Dinosaurs have been haunted.
Had Pp Had + Been Pp
Perfect Past
I had hunted dinosaurs. Dinosaurs had been hunted.
Will + have Pp Will + have + been Pp
Future
I will have hunted dinosaurs. Dinosaurs will have been hunted.