MUNICIPAL ENGINEERING AND URBAN HYDROLOGY

1. Scope of municipal engineering 2. Role & responsibilities of municipal engineer 3. Table: Municipal engineering roles- examples of major sustainability related professional tasks. 4. Flow chart: Central government  Union councils

Powered by Arificial intelligence

COURSE OUTLINE
1. General  Organization of local government  Role of planners  Municipal engineer’s coordination with different civic agencies (17 departments) 2. Land development process  Regional context  Preparation and contents of neighborhood plan  Subdivision plan - Principles - Street & block patterns  Development of maps  Local approval process  Zoning issues  Financial feasibility 3. Provision of government services  Street layout & design  Transit services  Parking facilities  Street lighting 4. Katchi Abadi  Katchi abadi development  Squatter settlement  Improvement in land use control & provision of infrastructure facilities 5. Urban hydrology  Precipitation  Surface and ground water reservoirs - Dams - Lakes  Water conveyance by canals  Evaporation and transpiration 6. Urban storm water  Stream flow and runoff hydrograph  Unit hydrograph  Matrix method of unit hydrograph  Synthetic hydrograph

H YDROLOGY
1. Introduction 2. Water cycle (figure)  Transpiration  Evotranspiration  Infiltration  Overland flow  Runoff  Hydrologic cycle  Precipitation paths (3)  Urban hydrologic cycle (schematic) 3. Rainfall  Depth  Volume  Intensity  Numerical - Rain volume - Rain intensity - Thessian polygon method  Mean rainfall on an area - Arithmetical mean method - Theissian mean method - Isohyetal method - Numerical - Rain volume - Hyetograph  Recurrence interval  Probability of occurrence  Different types of rain gauges  Numerical: Storm probability  Rain fall intensity duration/frequency  Rainfall classification system  Graph: Algorithmic plot of rainfall return period vs rainfall duration

H YDROGRAPH
1. 2. 3. 4. Storm hydrograph Base flow Hydrograph Numerical: Exam  Uncontrolled stormwater and surface water runoff can cause significant environmental damage. Comment. Rational formula: Q=CiA  Runoff coefficient  Table: Runoff coefficients –land uses  Composite runoff coefficient  Numerical Effects of land development  Discharge time curve Numerical: Peak runoff rate for five year storm Unit hydrograph  Introduction  Preparing a unit hydrograph from an isolated storm - Runoff-time cure  Limitations  Uses  Numerical - Compute peak of four hour unit hydrograph - Plot unit hydrograph - Peak flow - Peak flow rate runoff

5.

6. 7. 8.

W ATER AND SANITATION
In slums and Shanty towns 1. Septic tank (figure) 2. Numerical: Dimensions of septic tank 3. Soak away pit  Section  Plan 4. Percolation test-procedure (6) page 15 5. Water supply (figure)  Section  Plan  Water supplysystems - Direct system - Pumped system  Numerical: Underground reservoir size 6. Table: Building type- cold water storage/head in litres (11) 7. Elevated roof tank  Filling time 8. Power of pump (equation)  Numerical: Monthly power bill due to pump 9. Pump sets: Head losses  Heissen formula 10. Fixture discharge method  Factors - Surface loading - Detention time 11. Approximate rate of discharge from sanitary fixtures 12. Application rate for subsurface disposal  Table: Percolation rate- maximum rate of water application (liter/m2 /day) 13. Numericals  Dimensions of - Septic tank - Soakaway pit (2) 14. Dispersion trenches (figure) 15. Numerical: Rational method  Design flow  Required pipe diameter

LAND DEVELOPMENT PROCESS
1. Regional plans  Characteristics (6)  Defining region - Factors (9) 2. Functional plans  Areas covered (9) 3. Regional comprehensive plan  Introduction  Elements of regional comprehensive plan (15) 4. Urban growth areas 5. Special resources areas 6. Regional facilities 7. Description & analytical studies (2)

STORM WATER DRAIN
1. Structural requirements 2. Storm water drain (figure) 3. Types of storm water drains (figures)  Class A  Class B based on load factor  Class C  Class D 4. Tasks of municipal engineer (6) 5. Structural requirements  Bedding  Load factor  Supporting length  Marshall formulae (load estimation)

NEIGHBORHOOD PLAN
1. Overview of neighborhood plan 2. Stakeholders (6) 3. Importance of neighborhood planning  Aspects covered (4)  Goals of neighborhood plan (5) 4. Planning a neighborhood: How to (6) 5. Capacity of neighborhood plan 6. Need of neighborhood plan 7. Issues addressed (8) 8. Core values  Communication  Shared responsibility  Community interest  Cost consideration 9. Helpfulness of a neighborhood plan (4) 10. Steps: Developing a neighborhood plan (6) 11. Duration: Developing a neighborhood plan ( 7 meetings | 9 months)  Implementation parts (3) 12. Developing neighborhood plan 13. Questions for developing neighborhood plan (5) 14. Tools  Boundary of planning area map  Current land use map  Future land use map  Future rezoning map  Other maps and features (4) 15. Elements of neighborhood plan  Included land uses (6)  Questions raised by stakeholders (10) 16. Transportation and mobility  Different transportation systems (6) 17. Population  Population density  House occupancy  Tenure  Housing options  Race and ethnicity 18. Other tools: Neighborhood planning  Historical resources  Past planning efforts 19. Surveys used in neighborhood planning

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful