Women In Indian Politics

g out its activities. The decision making power always vests on men!! Moreover, the candidates fielded by the parties are mostly men and the women presence accounts only to 5-10 %. The Congress party with a woman as president which backs the bill has only a minimal of 10% women candidates. There are women who played and are playing a significant role in the Indian Politics. The most prominent woman Ms. Indra Gandhi is a clear example. There are people like Sonia Gandhi, Vasundhra Raje and also like Sushma Swaraj, Mamta Banerjee, Uma Bharathi . The former are people who come from a rich political background and their voices are highly heard than the latter. However, Ms. Jayalalitha and Ms. Mayawati were able to make a jay with jaal………The women in India are more committed to becoming house wives and better mothers than involving themselves in politics. Politics and leadership requires an enigmatic charisma. Most of the women candidates find it difficult to establish themselves even within the party until they present themselves a “Bahus or Betis” from a rich political background. This results in “leaders without excellence”. The passing and approval of the Reservation Bill or giving equal priority alone is not the criteria but the elegance and prowess of the women that matters. This is a clear indication of the Indian politics requiring a giant leap. Finally, “It is not with the gender but a politics with a minimum blunder”. Sowmiya. R

Women In Indian Politics

Role of Women in Indian Politics The ink-stained polls of the world's largest democracy have delivered their verdict and India waits with bated breath to learn whether Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's second administration will be different than the first. While India exults after yet another peacefully concluded election, one question remains: What is the role of women in Indian politics? The answer is both big and small. Typical of India, it contains contradictions. On one hand, India falls in the lowest quartile with respect to the number of women in parliment (9.1%,14th loksabha). Even Rawanda (56.7%), south

some like Mamta Banerjee are never able to outgrow their rebel image and have become more or less a relic in the changed political situation. Uma Bharti In this is broad generalization some have been left like Krishna tirath etc. according to the UN's 2008 survey of women in politics. they are relegated to the "women's wing" of the party.this also clear by example of Vadsundhra Raje who has been made scapegoat after the loss of BJP in state assembly and lok sabha elections. Mayawati. Amma.leaving her most of other pallu group members aren’t able to set their foothold .Also Amma and Rabri are craving for power. including Madhya Pradesh. and is CM of most populated state of country . that bedrock of rural government. Talking of hysterical group on one hand Mayawati stands out clear winner as a women who relies on vote bank of dalits . It is not that women are not provided major work in politics but most often. Among the Pallu groups the name which is most revered or has became synonymous with Indian politics is Sonia Gandhi . (A panchayat is a five-person elected village council.The problem of Indian politics is that reservation is made for women but women are not included in these policies.Africa (44. like Karnataka. had inducted women into rural politics even before it was mandated by the constitution. indeed. Several states.5%). Mozambique (34. have allotted not just the required 33% of panchayat seats for women but increased it to 50%. Even in the case of the Communist Party of India (Marxist). The most interesting thing is that the Pallu group is no pushover. Hullabaloo over the participation of women is made over the Constitution (84th Amendment) Bill relating to women's reservation since from 1998. has fostered more and more women participants and leaders. only 7 per cent of the candidates are women. Rabri Devi. The country’s ruling party Congress. That said the recently concluded 15th Lok Sabha elections have delivered a record 59 women as members of Parliament. . Conversely.Vasundhara Raje Scindhia. 2) Hysterical group: Mamta.) Some states. raising their parliamentary participation to 10. Uttarkhand. Bihar and most recently. and made to concentrate on what are seen as specifically "women's issues" such as dowry and rape cases.Sheila dixit) having family ties. the highest since independence. Himachal Pradesh. And representation of women leaders at the grassroots level in India is nearly 50%. Sushma Swaraj. which allotted one-third of all seats to women. Women leaders can be classified broadly into two groups 1)Pallu groups or dynastic groups (Sonia Gandhi. especially since the passing of the 73rd amendment of 1992.8%) and many others have much more women representatives. and occasionally on more general concerns like price rise which are seen to affect especially "housewives". led by a woman and supposedly pushing for reservation for women till recently had 10 per cent of women among the candidates announced so far. Seventeen of these women are under 40.7%. For the BJP the proportion of women candidates is even lower at 7 per cent. The panchayati raj.

well. famous for his balkati quote. she runs nothing less than a political empire where the Congress Party is concerned! If we take other parties. and have managed to achieve clear leadership only when they have effectively broken out and set up parties on their own.most women politicians have found it difficult to rise within party hierarchies. Such obnoxious comments are not generally forgotten but for those with a short memory. and the funds to make these two things happen.But why is it so ……………? Reason is that general housewife focus on three issues: healthcare.barring striking exceptions where dynastic charisma is seen to matter more than anything else .(uk’s former pm) Women empowerment More and more entities are recognizing the power of micro-loans and how they can elevate an entire segment of society.that is the unquestioning acceptance by the (largely male) party rank and file of the leader's decisions. That she did not even know the ABC of politics mattered. "as long as they do what I say. Lalu Prasad’s RJD got a woman chief minister in the form of Rabri Devi for very obvious reasons — when Lalu faced corruption charges and had to step down. only works with women. And the route to the underserved is frequently through women. he could trust none other than his wife Rabri. Future of women politicians That brings us to the larger question — the future of women politicians in India. Today the party is led by Mr Sharad Yadav." baroness Margaret Thatcher once said. another peculiarly Indian characteristic seems to dominate .Sushma Swaraj is like is Rahul dravid of Indian team who never got what they deserved but . In . or Trinamool Congress chief Mamata Banerjee? As for Ms Sonia Gandhi. for instance. it will take a lot of effort to even recall the names of prominent women politicians. thanks to models based on Grameen Bank and others. the legislatures would be dominated only by the balkati or women with short hair! Answer to such comment should be given in the way as thatcher did : I don't mind how much my ministers talk. can anybody dictate terms to the Bahujan Samaj Party chief Mayawati or the AIADMK supreme. Mr Yadav had protested against women’s reservation in legislatures by saying that if this was done. Chennai-based Equitas. education. Ms Jaya Jaitley’s tryst with the Janata Dal (U) was a passing phase and she has faded into oblivion. Is it too much of a coincidence that the women who really do well in politics are only those who head political parties? After all. One thing that is missing here is the name of a woman from rural areas or from a general house . J. Yet once these women become established as leaders. A woman playing a prominent role in Mulayam Singh’s Samajwadi Party? Forget it.Jayalalithaa.still she also showed her immaturity in politics when she “threatened to shave off her head if Sonia had became the PM?” What does seem to be the case is that . The lack of both education and political training of any sort was clearly evident in the kind of language she used and the charges she made against the Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar during the Lok Sabha election campaign. particularly in the Hindi heartland.

Vipul Pandey Women In Indian Politics It has been long since women have stepped out of their homes and have gained eminent positions and status in almost every field of society. Then came Sucheta Kriplani who became Chief Minister of UP in 1963. whether they are rural Self Help Groups (SHG) or global programs that aspire to foster entrepreneurship. Talking about India women has been involved in politics since ages. The very first name of a woman in Indian politics who became a torch leader for other women was Razia Sultan. then be it education or corporate world or Politics. Among other things. The Indian School of Microfinance for Women (ISMW).March. Participants of micro-credit schemes are taught financial planning and investing techniques that they can use on the ground and in their business. networking and providing knowledge resources. the school recognizes that borrowing money is only one part of the triangle. Goldman Sachs's ambitious "10. it takes Goldman Sachs's global vision for women entrepreneurs and translates it into a deeper regional focus. Simply put. In 1916 she launched a Home League Movement to fight for Indians and actively participated in Indian Independence Movement. Annie Besant though was not an Indian but became the first women president of Indian National Congress (INC) in 1915. is that these microfinance initiatives are reaching bigger swathes of the underserved. Another name that needs a special mention is Nur Jehan (wife of the mughal emperor Jehangir) she was considered the real force behind the mughal throne during the mughal reign. Vijayalakshmi Pandit. for instance. In all these cases. a platform for training women entrepreneurs at all levels of Indian society. This golden era for women in Indian politics started with the name of Mrs. The Indus Entrepreneurs (TiE) launched Shree Shakti. The good news. Based in Ahmedabad and chaired by social activist and SEWA founder Ela Bhatt. goes one step deeper into the problem.The status of women in Indian politics was never more significant than after independence. The role of women in Indian politics witnessed in ancient India widened more in British India. Then there was Sarojini Naidu who became the first Indian woman to be the president of INC in 1925 and became the Governor of United Provinces (present Uttar Pradesh) on 15 Aug 1947. the school teaches women how to deal with the money they borrow through capacity building workshops. She was an active worker in Indian Nationalist Movement and was the first Indian to be elected the president of UN General Assembly in 1953. The most important name in the category of . She was the only woman to have ruled Delhi ever.000 Women" program aims to train and develop women entrepreneurs across the globe by pairing them with resources in the West. women serve as the lynchpin for programs. at least in India. The school's website lists 'hand-holding' as one of its goals.

On the grass root level women seats are reserved in Panchayats and they actively participate in the decision making. Big Names: After Indira Gandhi’s demise there was no big woman name in the Indian Political arena for almost a decade. Smt. She became the first woman Prime Minister of India in 1966 and made the world stop and notice the immense potential of women. At last I would like to conclude with a quote “In politics. The current parliament has seen the highest number of female candidates in its history. Mrs. Pratibha Devi Singh Patil is holding the post of the President of the biggest democracy in the world and Mrs. Today as per 73rd and 74th amendment acts. Mrs. Sonia Gandhi following the footsteps of her mother in law is heading INC the party ruling the nation. Sonia Gandhi is the live example of the same and she is now an inspiration for millions of Indian women. She is the Railway minister of India and is working hard to improve the image of . Uma Bharti. Sushma Swaraj. Rabdi Devi. If u want anything done.Jayalalitha. if you want anything said. Indian politics is now defined and governed by majority of women politicians. Mamta Banerjee is the next big name. J.” Archana Parashar Women In Indian Politics In today’s era of modernization women have made their presence felt in almost every field and Politics is no exception. World’s respectable magazines like Forbes have put some of the Indian Political women in their list of more powerful women. Mayawati and last but not the least the two young MP’s Agatha Sangma and Supriya Sule are the well known politicians. The names such as Mamta Banerjee. It is by her sheer hard work and dedication that she has not only learnt the Hindi language but manages the Congress party to perfection that today she is the epitome of Indian Politics. the ice is now gradually breaking. Sheila Dikshit have been elected the CM of Delhi 3rd time. she has managed to break the jinx of Communist Party in Bengal who has ruled there for more than half the century. ask a man. All the major parties have strong ‘women wings’ which has a huge impact on large number of women voters and also allures women to join the political parties. But today this picture has changed and Indian women have come out of their ‘sari-dhoti’ image and entrap the Political world by their power and hard work. all local elected bodies reserve 1/3rd of their seats for women. Although India is known for its male chauvinist societies since ages. Vasundhara Raje Sindhia. ask a woman.women politicians came in 1966 and that was Mrs. Though today the number of female politicians is less as compared to male politicians but they seem to be standing at more dominant and powerful positions. Indira Gandhi.

Renuka Chaudhary and Smt. there are some bigger challenges which still need to be worked upon. Smt. Panchayats and Student Politics: Indian Panchayat system has the reservations for women and it has become a great platform for the welfare of women and making the poor and village women’s to come forward and share their views for the betterment of Indian villages. She is an exIFS officer and hails from the Bhojpuri land clearly indicating the women power in politics. Ms. Faces like Priyanka Gandhi become visible only during election times and leave a deep impression on voters.Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Women and Child Development. Many young politicians have evolved and have won by huge margins. Mayawati who is the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh and president of the Bahujan Samaj Party is the most influential name in the Indian Politics.Purandeswari. The President and Speaker: Smt. Union Ministers: Indian Women are no more restricted to ‘chauka-chuhla’ image but are actively handling big portfolios in the Indian cabinet. Smt. Smt. Smt. Key Leaders: Apart from the above mentioned names. Harsimrat Kaur Badal. Jayaprada are well known faces of the Indian Parliament. Youth Power: The youth has seen it as a career option and the trends are changing day by day. The year 2009 witnessed the History written moments when Smt. Brinda Karat hold key positions in their Political Parties and actively taking them higher and since the last decade they remain key players in forming the collation government at center. Smt. Smt. Supriya Sule and Priya Dutt. Kiran Chaudhary. Smt. Shruti Chaudhari. J Jayalalitha. Smt. Smt. Many successful actresses of Hindi film industry have attracted towards political arena and are now members of Parliament. Smt. Mass involvement of female workers in college and university elections is also proving a boon for the large political structure. Mira Kumar became the first Indian women to hold the office of the Lok Sabha Speaker. are the upcoming faces of the Indian politics. Smt. Leaders like Smt. Political Power: The power of politics has influenced women from various fields. Uma Bharti.Minister of State in the Ministry of Textiles are some examples of women successfully managing important positions.Indian railway. Meneka Gandhi worked hard and broke the family barriers and come into active politics and made their mark.Minister of State in the Ministry of Human Resource Development. Krishna Tirath. Challenges: Despite the improving participation of women in Indian Politics. Panabaka Lakshmi. The chief minister of Delhi. Sushma Swaraj is another very big name in the Indian Politics and she influentially holds the key position in Bhartiya Janta Party. Agatha Sangma. Vasundhra Raje Scindia. Ambika SoniMinister of Information and Broadcasting. Politics is now attracting women from all shares and they are actively participating in it. Smt. Indirect involvement of women in politics is also increasing pace. Hemamalini. Pratibha Devisingh Patil is the first women President of India and is actively working for the upliftment of Indian women. The pity state of women still lays unnoticed in many areas and it has been often seen that the male candidates uses them as mere puppets and the reservations in Panchayats are sometimes become camouflage and the women remain just the face and power is enjoyed by their counterparts. Kumari Selja is holding two departments namely Minister of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation and Minister of Tourism. there are also many key leaders who redefined the local state politics. Smt. Jaya Bachchan. Sheela Dixit who won the post three consecutive times is solely responsible for the face change of Delhi. D. The number of seats in current parliament is just .

this has to be increased to a significant level. it can be said that the image and involvement of women in Indian Politics has increased by many folds and some of them have successfully reached the top posts but a lot more has to be done in order to increase their presence. Jagdeep S More . Lastly. ‘Women Reservation Bill’ is pending since ages and no discussion takes place for the same.10%. works towards the betterment of the women society and taking India parallel to the world’s developed countries. It has been often seen that the women with some glamorous background are given backdoor entries whereas a large number of women spend their lives struggling to get to the deserving seat.

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