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AUTOMATED MULTLEVEL CAR PARKING SYSTEM PROJECT

MECHATRONICS

By :

Abu Atma Jaya 1441170092


Amirah Nisrina 1441170077
Dimas Rengga 1441170093
Faradika Z. 1441170087
Fajar Bima S. 1441170013
Hadian Ardiansyah 1441170035
Medina Dwi 1441170090
Nurma Aulia T. 1441170042
Primanda M. 1441170049
Rifdha Hendianti 1441170096
Rizal Braman S. 1441170055
Sutra Wardatul J. 1441170052
Widia W.F 1441170022
3B-D4 of Electronic Engineering

ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING STUDY PROGRAM

ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING DEPARTEMENT

STATE POLYTECHNIC OF MALANG

MALANG

2017
1. Title
AUTOMATED MULTILEVEL CAR PARKING SYSTEM PROJECT
2. Goal
General Purpose
The purpose of making this machine is to make it easier,effective and efficient in car
parking procces on small area.
Specific Purpose
2.1.1 Be able to design and make car parking system project using PLC
appropriately, effectively and efficiently.
2.1.2 Be able to figure out how the process of car parking system on small area
using PLC
3. Target
Be able to design and make automated multilevel car parking system using PLC
with with motor electric, cylinder pneumatic, cylinder hydraulic.
4. Description and Algorithm
A smart parking is a method that make effective and efficient in parking procces on
small area. Multi Level Car Parking System can accommodate a lot of car on a small area
This system designed to accommodate cars in fifteen parking spot split in three floor and
five spot on each floor. User will pick up the desired spot on a screen in entrace gate. To
move cars into the parking place, this system using pallet which is driven by one hydraulic
motor to rotate the pallet clockwise and vice versa and two electrical motor to move the
pallet vertically and horizontally. This system also using limit switch to detect and activate
actuators. This system requires some other actuators, which are an indicator lamp,
pneumatic cylinder to lock the wheels of the car, and hydraulic cylinder to push the car into
the parking place and push it back into the pallet.
In summary this system has the following working principles. When start button
pressed , system will stanby and ready to running.When limit switch (1) in pallet actived,
so green indicator light will active. Green indicator light will active when the car located
in the right position.Users will select the desired parking space from the empty parking lot
through UI display (1st floor, 2nd floor, 3rd floor). After selected, (ex. 2nd floor) button
pressed, pneumatic cylinder lock (1) will be extract to lock all four wheels of the car. After
that, the hydroulic motor will rotate counterclockwise (CCW) for 4 seconds. The motor
will stop rotating after 4 seconds, After that, electric motor 1 will rotate clock wise (CW)
durung 5 second To lift the pallets and cars to 2nd parking floor. After 5 seconds and
arriving at the desired parking space, the electric motor 1 will stop spinning and the
cylender hydraulic will extract to push the car up to the limit switch (2) on.
When limit switch (2) is active, pneumatic cylinder (1) lock will retract, then
cylinder hydraulic will retract.After the retract cylinder, the electric motor 1 rotates
counter-clockwise (CCW) for 5 seconds to the starting position.After that, the hydroulic
motor will rotate clockwise (CW) for 4 seconds to the starting position. The motor will
stop rotating when the 4 second timer is off
Work Principle of An Automated Multilevel Car Parking System Project Using
PLC :
1. When start button pressed , system will stanby and ready to running
2. When limit switch (1) in pallet actived, so green indicator light will active. Green
indicator light will active when the car located in the right position
3. Users will select the desired parking space from the empty parking lot through UI
display (1st floor, 2nd floor, 3rd floor).
4. After selected, (ex. 2nd floor) button pressed, pneumatic cylinder lock (1) will be
extract to lock all four wheels of the car
5. After that, the hydroulic motor will rotate counterclockwise (CCW) for 4 seconds. The
motor will stop rotating after 4 seconds
6. After that, electric motor 1 will rotate clock wise (CW) durung 5 second To lift the
pallets and cars to the 2nd parking floor
7. After 5 seconds and arriving at the desired parking space, the electric motor 1 will stop
spinning and the cylender hydraulic will extract to push the car up to the limit switch
(2) on.
8. When limit switch (2) is active, pneumatic cylinder (1) lock will retract, then cylinder
hydraulic will retract
9. After the retract cylinder, the electric motor 1 rotates counter-clockwise (CCW) for 5
seconds to the starting position.
10. After that, the hydroulic motor will rotate clockwise (CW) for 4 seconds to the starting
position. The motor will stop rotating when the 4 second timer is off
5. I/O table convention
Input Output

Condition 1st 2nd 3rd HM EM1


LS1 LS2 IL PC1 HC
floor floor floor CW CCW CW CCW

1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

2 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0

3 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1

4 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0

Explanation :

LS1 = Limit Switch 1 Logic 0 = Limit switch is not active / not detected a car

LS2 = Limit Switch 2 Logic 1 = Limit switch is active / detected a car

OK = OK Button Logic 0 = OK button is not active

Logic 1 = OK button is active / The user has chosen the parking


lot

IL = Indicator Light Logic 0 = Indicator light is not lit

Logic 1 = Indicator light is lit / The car is in the correct position


in the palette

PC1 = Pneumatic Logic 0 = Pneumatic Cylinder 1 is retract


Cylinder 1
Logic 1 = Pneumatic Cylinder 1 is extract

HM = Hydraulic Logic 0 = Hydraulic motor is not active / motor is not spinning


Motor
Logic 1 = Hydraulic motor is active / motor is spinning (CW or
CW = Clock Wise CCW)
CCW = Counter
Clock Wise

EM1 = Electric Motor Logic 0 = Electric motor is not active / motor is not spinning
1
Logic 1 = Electric motor is active / motor is spinning (CW or
CW = Clock Wise CCW)

CCW = Counter
Clock Wise

CH = Cylinder Logic 0 = Hydraulic cylinder is retract


Hydraulic
Logic 1 = Hydraulic cylinder is extract
6. Specification
6.1 PLC Omron CP1E N40DR-D
The CP1E provide high cost performance to further reduce costs by allowing you
to select the optimal CPU Unit from the E[][]S-type Basic Models or N/[][]S(1)-type
Application Models. Responding to Global Competition with More Device Control
Possibilities, Simple and User Friendly, Easy to use input editor with smart input
function [All Models], and Easy Input Editor.

Figure 1. PLC Omron CP1E N40DR-D

Spesification :
I/O
The E-type Basic CPU Units provide cost performance and easy application with
only basic functionality.
The N and NA-types Application CPU Units support Programmable Terminal
connection, position control, and inverter connection
Features :
Programming, setting, and monitoring with CX-Programmer.
Easy connection with computers using commercially available USB
cables
With E30/40, N30/40/60 or NA20 CPU Units, Add I/O by Connecting
Expansion I/O Units.
With E30/40, N30/40/60 or NA20 CPU Units, Add Analog I/O or
Temperature Inputs by Connecting Expansion Units.
Quick-response inputs
Input interrupts
Complete High-speed Counter Functionality.
Versatile pulse control for Transistor Output for N14/20/30/40/60 or
NA20 CPU Units.
PWM Outputs for Transistor Output for N14/20/30/40/60 or NA20 CPU
Units.
Built-in RS-232C Port for N/NA-type CPU Units.
Mounting Serial Option Boards to N30/40/60 or NA20 CPU Units.
Built-in analog I/O, two inputs and one output, for NA-type CPU Units.
6.2 AC Motor single Phase
Single phase power system is widely used as compared to three phase system for
domestic purpose, commercial purpose and to some extent in industrial purpose. As the
single phase system is more economical and the power requirement in most of the
houses, shops, offices are small, which can be easily met by single phase system. The
single phase motors are simple in construction, cheap in cost, reliable and easy to repair
and maintain.

Figure 2. Motor AC Single Phase

Spesification :

KW : 5.5

Frequency (Hz) : 50

Volt : 220/320

Ampere Starting (A) : 7

Ampere Running (A) : 2

RPM : 150

Berat : 30 Kg
6.3 Cylinder Hydraulic
Hydraulic cylinder (also called a linear hydraulic motor) is a mechanical actuator
that is used to give a unidirectional force through a unidirectional stroke. It has many
applications, notably in construction equipment (engineering vehicles), manufacturing
machinery, and civil engineering.

Figure 3. Cylinder Hydraulic

Spesification :

Capacity : 50 kg 1 Ton

Certificate : Ce

Stroke maksimum : 25 mm 362 mm

Kualitas sistem persetujuan : ISO 9001

Diameter Poros : 25mm 112 mm

Power : Hidrolik

Maksimum Voltage : 70 Mpa /700 Bar


6.4 Cylinder Pneumatic
Pneumatic cylinder (sometimes known as air cylinders) are mechanical devices
which use the power of compressed gas to produce a force in a reciprocating linear
motion. Because the operating fluid is a gas, leakage from a pneumatic cylinder will
not drip out and contaminate the surroundings, making pneumatics more desirable
where cleanliness is a requirement. For example, in the mechanical puppets of the
Disney Tiki Room, pneumatics are used to prevent fluid from dripping onto people
below the puppets.

Figure 4. Cylinder Pneumatik

Spesification :
Bore (mm) : 32 | 40 | 50 | 63 | 80 | 100
Power : Udara terfilter
Working Medium : Double Action
Compression Pressure : 1,5 Mpa
Maximum Operating Pressure : 1.0 Mpa
Minimum Operating Pressure : 0,1 Mpa
Condition Temperature : 5-60 C
Operating Speed : 50-500 mm/s
Margin of stroke error(mm) : 0-250 + 1 / 251-1000 + 1,5 /1001 2500 + 2,0 /-0
6.5 Limit Switch
In electrical engineering a limit switch is a switch operated by the motion of a
machine part or presence of an object.They are used for controlling machinery as part
of a control system, as a safety interlocks, or to count objects passing a point.A limit
switch is an electromechanical device that consists of an actuator mechanically linked
to a set of contacts.
Volts : AC 480 V , DC 250 V
Current : AC 15 A , 0.25 A

Figure 5. Limit Switch Sensor


7. 3D Drawing

Picture 1. Side View


Picture 2. Front View

Picture 3. Top View


8. Timing Diagram
9. Ladder Diagram
10. Hardware Control Picture
VCC 24 V

START 0.00 100.00 Buzzer

STOP 0.01 100.01 PNEUMATIC RET

0.02 100.02
Limit Switch Sensor 1 PNEUMATIC EXT
0.03 100.03
Limit Switch Sensor 2 HYDRAULIC CW
0.04 100.04
PB 1st Floor 0.05 100.05
HYDRAULIC CCW
PLC
OMRON CP1E Driver
PB 2nd Floor 0.06 100.06 ELECTRIC MOTOR

PB 3rd Floor 0.07 100.07


HYDRAULIC EXT

0.08 100.08
HYDRAULIC RET
0.09 100.09

0.10

0.11

Input Process Output

11. Block Hardware


12. Block Hardware