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PREFIXES

A. COMMON PREFIXES. B. NEGATIVE PREFIXES


IN- Inconsiderate. Incomplete
ANTI (AGAINST) anti-roads anti-government
IM- IF THE WORD BEGINS Immature. Imperfect. Immoral.
protestors troops
WITH M OR P Impolite
INTER (BETWEEN international interstate
IR- IF THE WORD BEGINS Irregular. Irrational. Irresponsible
match highways
WITH R
MINI (SMALL) minicomputer mini-bar
IL- IF THE WORD BEGINS Illegal. Irrational
MIS (WRONGLY) mishear miscalculate
WITH L
MULTI (MANY) multi-coloured multimillionaire
UN- Undo. Unfair. Uncomfortable
OVER (TOO MUCH) overeating overcrowded
DIS- Dislike. Disability
POST (AFTER) post-war World postgraduate
DE- Decrease
PRE (BEFORE) pre-match prehistoric
MIS- Misunderstand. Misadventure
RE (AGAIN) reunion reread
MAL- Malformed
SEMI (HALF) semicircle semi-skilled work
SUPER (BIG superstore super-tanker 1. WRITE THE OPPOSITE OF THE WORDS BELLOW USING NEGATIVE
UNDER (TOO underweight underpaid PREFIXES.
LITTLE) 1. EFFICIENCY_________________ 6. ACCEPTABLE ________________
NON (NO) non-smoker non-stop 2. FAIR______________________7. RELEVANT _________________
BI (DOS) bilingual bilateral 3. LEGALLY___________________ 8. REAL _____________________
CO (TOGETHER) cooperate co-pilot 4. ABILITY ___________________ 9. VISIBLE ___________________
5. LUCKY ____________________ 10. APPROVE __________________
2. FIND THE OPPOSITES OF THE WORDS BELLOW.
1. ADVANTAGE___________________________ 3. NOW COMPLETE THE SENTENCES WITH THE CORRECT FORM OF THE WORDS
2. OFFENSIVE___________________________ FROM EXERCISE
3. APPEAR______________________________ 1. The police arrested the street musicians because they were
4. ILLUSION____________________________ performing__________.
5. CLOSE_______________________________ 2. Speaking other languages is a very useful___________________.
6. ARM________________________________ 3. On a clear day the French coast is clearly ______________from the
7. TRUST______________________________ cliffs of Dover.
8. COURAGE_____________________________ 4. I have a ______________________problem with people who arrive late.
9. RESPONSIBLE_________________________ 5. He was very__________________ not to be accepted by the university.
10. APPOINT____________________________ 6. Im not interested, furthermore, its totally______________ to me.
11. BELIEVE_____________________________ 7. She wasnt given a pay rise for her ___________________ at work.
12. INTERESTED__________________________ 8. We________________________ of smoking in any public place.
13. CONTENT____________________________ 9. Smoking is generally less_____________ in the USA than it is in Europe.
14. PROPER______________________________ 10. She disagreed with the exam result because she thought the making had
been___________.

4. FILL IN THE SENTENCES WITH THE CORRECT PREFIX:


1. Clark failed his maths exam, so he was really appointed.
5. COMPLETE THE SENTENCES BY ADDING THE CORRECT
2. Peter is the most friendly person Ive ever met.
PREFIX FROM THE TABLE.
3. Im afraid weve estimated the candidates qualities.
4. Mark speaks British and Spanish fluently; he is lingual since his
UN- DIS- IN- IM- OVER
mother is from London and his father is from Madrid.
5. The research cant be carried out without everybodys operation.
1. I keep thinking of our holidays in Jamaica. They were
6. Carl is an expert in national law.
really ________FORGETTABLE.
7. The athlete was qualified for fair play.
2. He relieves he isnt going to die. He thinks he is
8. The inhabitants are building the houses knocked down by the typhoon.
___MORTAL.
8. Patrick failed his geography exam in June, so he will sit in September.
3. I was surprised by my mothers call. It was very
9. The conditions they offered me were acceptable so I didnt new my
__EXPECTED.
contract.
4. Please find another chair. You look ___COMFORTABLE.
10. Everybody was wearing formal clothes except for Sarah
5. People dont really like her. Shes very _____POPULAR.
11. Paul is confident, which makes him act rather responsibly.
6. His parents have punished her due to her
12. Do you usually have lunch with your -workers?
_____OBEDIENCE.
13. I explained Tom what was happening, but he definitely understood
7. He was very tired, so he ___DRESSED and went to bed.
my point of view.
8. The armys behaviour during the war was very cruel. It
14. Sam went to bed so late yesterday that he slept and didnt get to
was truly ___HUMAN.
work in time this morning.
9. John and I dont get on well. We always ____AGREE
15. The two ministers are participating in a lateral conference.
about everything.
16. You shouldnt drink this water unless its been infected before.
10. I didnt like his Lasagna. It was ______COOKED.
17. This is the most comfortable sofa Ive ever sat on.
11. Shes not a tidy person. The ___ORDER in her room is
18. The village is to celebrate the centenary of its foundation.
terrible.
19. I cant understand Pams letter; her handwriting is definitely legible.
12. I need a psychiatrist. I think Im going ______SANE
20. Students prefer -educational schools, but the Minister of
Education think boys and girls should go to different schools.
21. In the 19th century most people couldnt read or write; they were
literate.
SUFFIXES. 1.DERIVE NOUNS FROM VERBS 2. COMPLETE THE SENTENCES WITH
USING THE SUFFIXES IN THE BOX. NOUNS DERIVED FROM EXERCISE 1
NOUN SUFFIXES 1. MANAGE__________________ 1. The aeroplane is one of the
Suffix Meaning Example 2. PUNISH__________________ best______________ of modern
-ACY state or quality privacy 3. PRONOUNCE_______________ times.
-AL act or process of refusal 4. INVENT__________________ 2. His_______________ at 6 0clock
-ANCE, - state or quality of maintenance, 5. EDUCATE_________________ in the morning caught them unaware.
NCE eminence 6. GOVERN_________________ 3. He had a very academic
7. ARRIVE__________________ _____________________at school.
-DOM place or state of freedom, kingdom
8. EXCITE__________________ 4. When I was a school child, the only
being
9. ANGRY __________________ form of _______________was a
-ER, -OR one who trainer, protector
detention.
-ISM doctrine, belief communism
5. They are going to take over the
-IST one who chemist 3. NOUNS FROM ADJECTIVES.
_________________ of the factory
-ITY, -TY quality of veracity a. HAPPY__________________
next month.
-MENT condition of argument B. REGULAR ________________
6. The Prime Minister will announce the
-NESS state of being heaviness C. PATIENT________________
new__________________ tomorrow.
-SHIP position held fellowship D. EFFICIENT_______________
7. His ___________ of English is so
-SION, - state of being concession, transition E. OPERATED_____________
poor that it is very difficult to
TION F. ELEGANT________________
understand him.
G. SUPERIOR______________
8. The children were full of
VERB SUFFIXES H. LONELY _________________
_____________________because
I. MAD___________________
-ATE become eradicate their summer holidays were going to
J. PRIVATE________________
-EN become enlighten start the following day.
K. INNOCENT _______________
-IFY, -FY make or become terrify
L. PRESENT_________________
-IZE, -ISE become civilize 5.ADJECTIVES FROM NOUNS AND VERBS
m. RELEVANT ____________
ADJECTIVE SUFFIXES 1. BEAUTY____________________
N. POPULATED ______________
-ABLE,- capable of being edible, presentable 2. DANGER____________________
O. PRIVATE.________________
IBLE 3. CARE______________________
-AL pertaining to regional 4. IMAGINATION_______________
4. NOUNS FROM ADJECTIVES.
-ESQUE reminiscent of picturesque 5. COMFORT___________________
SOME IRREGULAR ONES:
-FUL notable for fanciful 6. CENTRE____________________
A. HIGH________________
-IC, -ICAL pertaining to musical, mythic 7. PRACTICE___________________
B. YOUNG_______________
-IOUS, characterized by nutritious, 11. FOOL______________________
C. LONG ________________
-OUS portentous 12. ACCIDENT___________________
D. DANGEROUS_________
-ISH having the quality of fiendish 13. FUNDAMENT_________________
E. STRONG______________
-IVE having the nature of creative 14. ATTRACT____________________
F. TRUE________________
-LESS without endless 15. MANAGE____________________
G. POOR________________
-Y characterized by sleazy 16. UNDERSTAND_________________
H. DEAD ________________
ADVERB. SUFFIXES 17. BOY_______________________
- LY Happy / happily 18. POWER_____________________
19. NATION___________________

6. DERIVE THE CORRECT WORD IN THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES.


1. An ________________ (accident) discharge of toxic waste has 17. His _____________ (coward) act of holding a child hostage is
led to pollution of the water in the river. really contemptible.
2. He has been _________ (action) in local politics for some years. 18. Nowadays less people are ___________ (cruelty) to animals
3. It was an _____________________ (adventure) expedition up 19. Not all snakes are ______________ (danger) to human beings.
the Amazon which we can never forget. 20. John took a ______ (depth) breath and blew into the balloon.
4. She was very _______ (anger) when she heard what happened. 21. Once again he's proving himself to be a player of great
5. He gave her a __________________ (beauty) bunch of flowers __________ (able).
for her birthday. 22. John will be in charge during the boss's _________ (absent).
6. Despite his age, he still retains his __________ (boy) good looks. 23. We met quite by _____________ (accidental) at the airport.
7. He gave us a _______ (briefly) first-hand account of the event. 24. She recognized him as an old ________________ (acquaint).
8. I have enough work to keep me ______________ (business) for 25. The police took quick ____________ (act) to deal with the
the whole week. robbery.
9. Sarah is extremely _______________ (care) of her reputation. 26. I never ever shouted at you in ___________ (angry), have I?
10. I have always been very ____________ (caution) about spending 27. I find the constant barking of the neighbours dog an
money. _____________________ (annoy).
11. He is lucky to own a house that is very _____________ (centre). 28. He is always worried about his ________________ (appear).
12. It's so ______________ (child) of her to behave in that way. 29. He was rushed to the hospital but was dead on __________
13. She decides not to be ________________ (choose) but to accept (arrive).
the first job offer that comes along. 30. We must pay ______________ (attend) in class.
14. Her mother bought an imported ______________ (circle) table 31. She is a woman of great ____________ (beautiful).
for dinning. 32. We pay our telephone bill at the _____________ (begin) of
15. It was a _________ (collect) decision to stage a walk-out in the month.
protest. 33. The naughty boys were punished for their bad ___________
16. He feels extremely ______________ (comfort) and relaxed in (behave).
the Firsts Class cabin. 34. Saving a drowning man is regarded by most as an act of
___________ (brave).