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Pre-Calculus

- Term 3 Assignment –

Ms. Han
shan@daltonschool.kr
HS Room 214
INTEREST PACKET
Polar Coordinates and Parametric Equations

Students will study a class of functions called exponential functions. Exponential functions are used in modeling many
real-world phenomena, such as the growth of a population or the growth of an investment that earns compound interest.
Once an exponential model is obtained, we can use the model to predict population size or calculate the amount of an
investment for any future date. Students will also study the trigonometric functions using the unit circle. The
trigonometric functions can be defined in two different but equivalent ways: as functions of real numbers or as functions
of angles. Students will study both approaches to solve different applications that require different approaches.

Topic Overview
 Trigonometric Identities  Polar Coordinates
 Addition and Subtraction Formulas  Graphs of Polar Equations
 Double-Angle, Half-Angle, and Product-Sum  Polar Form of Complex Numbers; De Moivre’s
Formulas Theorem
 Basic Trigonometric Equations  Plane Curves and Parametric Equations
 More Trigonometric Equations

Essential Questions
 Is it possible for two different angles to have the same reference angle?
 Where do the conversion equations come from?
 What is the difference between a function and a parametric curve?

Reference Materials
J. Stewart, L. Redlin and S. Watson, Precalculus: Mathematics for Calculus, Sixth Edition. (2012: Cengage Learning,
Belmont, CA)
Skills Mastery Check

Trigonometric Functions
 Understand radian measure of an angle as the length of the arc on the unit circle subtended by the angle.
(10.TF.1)
 Use special triangles to determine geometrically the values of sine, cosine, tangent for p/3, p/4 and p/6,
and use the unit circle to express the values of sine, cosines, and tangent for x, p + x, and 2p – x in
terms of their values for x, where x is any real number. (10.TF.3)
 Use inverse functions to solve trigonometric equations that arise in modeling contexts; evaluate the
solutions using technology, and interpret them in terms of the context. (10.TF.7)
 Prove the Pythagorean identity sin2(x) + cos2(x) = 1 and use it to find sin(x), cos(x), or tan(x) given
sin(x), cos(x), or tan(x) and the quadrant of the angle. (10.TF.8)
 Prove the addition and subtraction formulas for sine, cosine, and tangent and use them to solve
problems. (10.TF.9)

Polar Coordinates and Parametric Equations
 Define polar coordinates and learn how polar coordinates are related to rectangular coordinates.
(10.PCPE.1)
 Understand the graph of a polar equation consists of all points P that have at least one polar
representation whose coordinates satisfy the equation. (10.PCPE.2)
 Represent complex numbers in polar (or trigonometric) form. (10.PCPE.3)
LESSON OVERVIEW

Learning Objectives
Day Topics Homework
Students will be able to …
1
Checkpoint I
2
7.1 Trigonometric  To study the fundamental trigonometric
3
Identities identities. (10.TF.8)
7.2 Addition and  To study addition formulas for sine and cosine.
4
Subtraction Formulas (10.TF.9)
7.3 Double-Angle, Half-
 To study double-angle formulas for sine and
5 Angle, and Product-Sum
cosine. (10.TF.9)
Formulas
7.4 Basic Trigonometric  To solve linear and quadratic trigonometric
6
Equations equations. (10.TF.8)
7.5 More Trigonometric  To solve trigonometric equations by using
7
Equations identities to simplify the equation.
8 Chapter 7 Review
9 Chapter 7 Quiz
 To define polar coordinates and learn how polar
10 8.1 Polar Coordinates coordinates are related to rectangular
coordinates. (10.PCPE.1)
8.2 Graphs of Polar
11  To graph polar equations. (10.PCPE.2)
Equations
12 Checkpoint II
13 Checkpoint III
8.3 Polar Form of
 To represent complex numbers in polar (or
14 Complex Numbers; De
trigonometric) form. (10.PCPE.3)
Moivre’s Theorem
15 Checkpoint IV
8.4 Plane Curves and  To define parametric equations and to sketch
16
Parametric Equations parametric curves.
17 Chapter 8 Review
18 Chapter 8 Quiz
19 Project Day
20 Term 3 Project Due
*The schedule above is tentative. Please check the classroom board and Google classroom for the updates.

Expansion Pack: Please speak to me if you are interested in additional exercises.
ASSESSMENT

Grading Breakdown

Chapter Quiz 30%
Term Project 25%
Homework Assignment 15%
Class Assignment 15%
Participation 15%

Grading Rubric

Quizzes: The purpose of chapter quizzes is to keep all students on top of their learning throughout the term, and
also to provide guideline to study for the final exam. Work needs to be shown for each problem. Incorrect answers
but well-written work with simple calculation mistakes will earn partial credit. Cheating on a quiz or plagiarizing
in any way, shape, or form is not acceptable and will result in an “F” and possible disciplinary action.

Homework: Students will be assigned homework every class and they are to have completed it by the following
class unless specific instructions are given. Students should take an average one hour to complete their homework.
Homework will be mostly graded by completion-base. Complete work earns full point, incomplete work earns half
point, and no or little work earns zero point. Late homework will be not accepted. Students who are absent on the
due date of an assignment, they must turn their homework in on the next following class day to be accepted for
credit. Homework must be done independently in which no show of work will be considered incorrect.

Class Assignment: Class assignments will be given to students throughout the term. Each class assignment worth
10 points and this will be graded based on the corrections. Class assignments may include problem sets,
worksheets or group activities. Most class assignments will be done in class. If a student is absent when class
assignment is given, he/she has to make up when he/she returns to school.

Participation: A typical class will be combination of whole class instruction led by the teacher and group work
led by students. Students are expected to pay undivided attention to teacher during whole class instruction, and
active involvement with group mates during group work time. Failure to meet these expectations will result
penalty in participation points.
Term Project:

GRADING BREAKDOWN
CHECKPOINTS DUE POINTS
RESEARCH Checkpoint I: In last two chapters, we have been working on Trigonometry – the Day 3 10 PTS
PAPER unit circle approach and the right triangle approach. The big question is why are
(20%) we learning Trigonometry? How are they used in a real life situation? This is your
chance to find it out. We will spend next two classes researching jobs that use
trigonometry. You will find a profession that uses trigonometry and write a short
research paper on that job and describe how trigonometry is used. Math teacher
cannot be your choice!

Your research paper should include:
- Salary (entry level, average, top, how to move up the scale, etc.)
- Amount of school required to go into that profession
- Other academic areas necessary for this profession
- How trigonometry is used on the job? (Is it a major part of the job or
just used from time to time?)

Don’t forget to cite your sources!
RECTANGULR Checkpoint II: Now we have learned a different way of locating points in the Day 13 2.5 PTS
& POLAR plane, called polar coordinates, and their curves. Find an image or sketch of your
GRAPHS own choice.
(65%)
Your image should include:
- One circle (either sine or cosine)
- Two different types of limacons (inner loop, cardioid, or dimpled
limacon)
- Two roses (one odd-number leaves, one even-number leaves)

List the types of graphs will be used and how they will be used in your project.
Your image and graphs, approximately drawn by hands, should be separately
submitted with clear labels. Show restricted domains with dotted lines.
Checkpoint III: Graph five polar graphs of your choice using Desmos. Different Day 15 25 PTS
colors should be used for different graphs. Your goal is to graph these equations
by hands using both rectangular and polar coordinates.

For each page, you need to include both forms of polar and rectangular
equations and graphs drawn by hands. Each rectangular graph should include all
critical points with its coordinates and each polar graph should include arrows
showing directions. Both rectangular and polar graphs should include numbers
accordingly. Restricted domains will be shown in dotted lines.
Checkpoint IV: Conversions of rectangular forms of each graph is needed. Step- Day 16 5 PTS
by-step work must be shown to get full credit!
PRODUCT Cover page includes a creative title, full name, and class section with a Demos Day 20 7.5 PTS
(15%) print using five different matching colors.
Disk is neatly cut along the dotted line and laminated. It clearly shows five
different matching color graphs. Disk includes a title, full name, and class section
on the back side.
Neatness, creativity and inventiveness.
TOTAL POINTS 50 PTS
*Late work will be severely penalized.
Materials
Students will need a textbook, three notebooks, pencils (no work in pen will be accepted), erasers, highlighters,
color pens, and a graphing calculator in every class.

Important Dates
 Chapter 7 Quiz on Day 9 (Thursday, January 25th)
 Chapter 7 Quiz Review (Lab)
- Green on Monday, January 29th
- Blue on Tuesday, January 30th
- Black on Wednesday, January 31st
 Chapter 8 Quiz on Day 18 (Thursday, February 22nd)
 Term 3 Project Due on Day 20

PROGRESS MONITOR
Use below table to keep track of your progress throughout the school year.

Accomplishment Table

Assessment Title Weight Due Date Points Earned Percentage Earned
/ Points Possible
Chapter Quiz 20% /

Final Exam (Cumulative) 35% /

Homework Assignment 15% N/A /

Class Assignment 15% N/A /

Participation 15% N/A /

Overall

** You are expected to bring your term assignments and utilize them in every class.