Calculation of AC resistance

Ro α20 R' Ys Resistance at 20 deg C 0.03 ohm/Km Constant mass temperature coefficient at 20 °C 0 per kelvin DC resistance at 75 deg C 0.04 ohm/Km Skin effect factor 0

Xs Ks Yp

Variable

0.06 1

Proximity effect factor for three single-core cables 0

Xp

0.06

Kp Dc S

Variable diameter of conductor distance between conductor axes

1 38 mm 58 mm Tre-foil formation 0 ohm/m

R

AC resistance of conductor

Calculation of Dielectric loss
C Є Di Dc U0 tan δ Wd capacitance per unit length relative permittivity of the insulation; external diameter of the insulation diameter of conductor Rated Voltage loss factor of the insulation Dielectric Loss 0 F/m 2.5 44.6 mm 38 mm 1.1 KV 0 0 W/m

Loss factor for Armour
Armour strand dia No. of armour Total cross section of armour Rso θsc Rs R α20 s 2.5 mm 71 348.52 300 sq.mm. (Approx) is the resistance of the cable sheath or screen at 200 ohm/m °C Max operating temperature 85 Deg C AC resistance of the sheath or screen at its maximumohm/Km temperature 0 operating 1.2 times DC resistance AC resistance of conductor 0 ohm/m Constant mass temperature coefficient at 20 °C 0 per kelvin distance between conductor axes 58 mm

8 mm diameter of conductor 38 mm thickness of the inner sheath 2.04 h heat dissipation coefficient 2.m/W number of conductors in a cable thermal resistivity of insulation 3.08 mm thermal resistivity of inner sheath 5 K. adjusted for solar radiation K.07 K.m/W thermal resistance of surrounding medium (ratio of cable surface temperature rise above K.08 K.45 .m/W thickness of insulation between conductor and sheath 2.04 mm external diameter of the sheath 42.m/W PVC external diameter of the armour 47.m/W external thermal resistance in free air.5 K.08 mm thickness of Outer sheath 2.m/W thermal resistance of external serving 0.07 K.m/W thermal resistance between sheath and armour 0.d X mean diameter of the sheath 55 mm reactance per unit length of sheath or screen per unitohm/m of cable 0 length loss factor caused by circulating currents 0.37 λ2 ratio of losses in the metal armour to total losses0. the permissible current rating is given λ2 T1 T2 T3 T4 T *4 n ρTi t1 dc t2 Ds ρTis D′a t3 ratio of losses in the armouring to total losses in all conductors in that cable.37 conductors in that cable in all Permissible current ratings in air Taking into account the effect of solar radiation on a cable. thermal resistance per core between conductor and sheath 0.

to account for the dielectric lo 0a permissible conductor temperature rise above ambient temperature 50 b Ambient 40 Deg C Δθs excess of cable surface temperature above ambient temperature .06 m 0.2 0. having the dimensions of temperature difference.08 k a factor.De' Z E g KA Δθd Δθ external diameter of cable Table 2 IEC 60287-2-1 0.79 0.94 0.

Table 1 60287-1-1 R′ = Ro [1 + α20 (θ – 20)] Table 2 60287-1-1 for round stranded Aluminium Table 2 60287-1-1 for round stranded Aluminium The dielectric loss should be taken into account for values of Uo equal to or greater than 36KV for X mm.IEC 60228. (Approx) PVC ST2 times DC resistance Table 1 60287-1-1 .

three single-core cables (in trefoil formation) with sheaths bonded at both ends rmissible current rating is given by the formulae: uctors in that cable.24 . 38.

Clipped direct to a vertical wall (De' not greater than 0.08 m) .

greater than 36KV for XLPE cable .

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