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5L-E ENGINE CONTROL SYSTEM > ECD SYSTEM > TERMINALS OF ECM

HINT:
Each ECM terminal's standard normal voltage is shown in the table below.
In the table, first follow the information under "Condition". Look under "Symbols (Terminal No.)"
for the terminals to be inspected. The standard normal voltage between the terminals is shown
under "STD Voltage". Use the illustration above as a reference for the ECM terminals.
Symbols (Terminal Terminal
Wiring Color Condition STD Voltage
No.) Description
Battery (for
measuring the
BATT (B10-1) - E1
B-R - BR battery voltage Always 9 to 14 V
(D2-14)
and for the ECM
memory)
SREL (B10-2) - E01
G - BR Glow plug relay Cranking 9 to 14 V
(D2-13)
Idling
SREL (B10-2) - E01
G - BR Glow plug relay (engine start and 0 to 1.5 V
(D2-13)
after 600 sec.)
MREL (B10-3) - E1
G-Y - BR EFI relay IG switch ON 9 to 14 V
(D2-14)
IG switch OFF
MREL (B10-3) - E1
G-Y - BR EFI relay (after IG switch OFF 0 to 1.5 V
(D2-14)
for 2 sec.)
TC (B10-4) - E1 Terminal TC of
P - BR IG switch ON 9 to 14 V
(D2-14) DLC3
Check engine
W (B10-5) - E1 (D2
G-R - BR MIL warning light lights 0 to 3 V
-14)
up
Except check engine
W (B10-5) - E1
G-R - BR MIL warning light lights 9 to 14 V
(D2-14)
up
RFC (B10-7) - E1 IG switch ON or fan Pulse generation
LG-B - BR Cooling fan ECU
(D2-14) is rotating (See waveform 1)
THWO (B10-8) - E1 Pulse generation
Y - BR Combination meter IG switch ON
(D2-14) (See waveform 2)
IG switch ON,
SPD (B10-9) - E1 Speed signal from Pulse generation
P-L- BR Rotate driving
(D2-14) combination meter (See waveform 3)
wheel slowly

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STA (B10 -11) - E1


R - BR Starter signal Cranking 6 V or more
(D2-14)
+B (B10 -12) - E1 Power source of
B-R - BR IG switch ON 9 to 14 V
(D2-14) ECM
FAN (B10-13) - E1
W-L - BR Fan relay Sub fan is rotating 0 to 3 V
(D2-14)
FAN (B10-13) - E1 Sub fan is not
W-L - BR Fan relay 9 to 14 V
(D2-14) rotating
IGSW (B10-14) - E1
B-R - BR Engine switch IG switch ON 9 to 14 V
(D2-14)
SIL (B10-15) - E1 Terminal SIL of Connect intelligent
W - BR Pulse generation
(D2-14) DLC3 tester to DLC3
STP (B10-19) - E1 Brake pedal
R-W - BR Stop light switch 9 to 14 V
(D2-14) depressed
STP (B10-19) - E1 Brake pedal
R-W - BR Stop light switch Below 1.5 V
(D2-14) released
HSW (B10-20) - E1
L-W - BR Idle up switch Idle up switch ON Below 2.5 V
(D2-14)
HSW (B10-20) - E1
L-W - BR Idle up switch Idle up switch OFF 9 to 14 V
(D2-14)
Generator
ALT (B10-22) - E1 Pulse generation
W - BR (alternator) duty Idling
(D2-14) (See waveform 4)
ratio
GIND (B8-1) - E1 Glow indicator light
B-W - BR Glow indicator light 0 to 3 V
(D2-14) lights up
Except glow
GIND (B8-1) - E1
B-W - BR Glow indicator light indicator light lights 9 to 14 V
(D2-14)
up
A/C switch ON
AC1 (B8-2) - E1
R-B - BR A/C amplifier (at magnet clutch Below 1.5 V
(D2-14)
ON)
AC1 (B8-2) - E1
R-B - BR A/C amplifier A/C switch OFF 7.5 to 14 V
(D2-14)
Accelerator pedal
IG switch ON,
VPA (B8-5) - EPA position sensor
L - W-L accelerator pedal 0.5 to 1.1 V
(B8-4) (for engine
released
control)
Accelerator pedal
IG switch ON,
VPA (B8-5) - EPA position sensor
L - W-L accelerator pedal 2.6 to 4.5 V
(B8-4) (for engine
depressed
control)
Power source of
VCPA (B8-6) - EPA accelerator pedal
W - W-L IG switch ON 4.5 to 5.5 V
(B8-4) position sensor
(for VPA)
TACH (B8-7) - E1 Pulse generation
B-Y - BR Engine speed Idling
(D2-14) (See waveform 5)

ACT (B8-8) - E1

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(D2-14) G-W - BR A/C amplifier IG switch ON 9 to 14 V


At A/C cut
controlled (Driving
below 30 km/h
ACT (B8-8) - E1
G-W - BR A/C amplifier (18.6 mph), 0 to 3 V
(D2-14)
accelerator pedal
fully depressed for
5 sec.)
ST1 - (B8-11) - E1 Brake pedal
R-L - BR Stop light switch Below 1.5 V
(D2-14) depressed
ST1 - (B8-11) - E1 Brake pedal
R-L - BR Stop light switch 9 to 14 V
(D2-14) released
Accelerator pedal
IG switch ON,
VPA2 (B8-12) - EPA position sensor (for
B - W-L accelerator pedal 1.2 to 2.0 V
(B8-4) sensor malfunction
released
detection)
Accelerator pedal
IG switch ON,
VPA2 (B8-12) - EPA position sensor (for
B - W-L accelerator pedal 3.4 to 5.3 V
(B8-4) sensor malfunction
depressed
detection)
Power source of
VC (D4-1) - E2 (D4-
L-B - Y-R sensor (a specific IG switch ON 4.5 to 5.5 V
9)
voltage)
Apply vacuum 60
PIM (D4-2) - E2 kPa
P - Y-R Pressure sensor 0.2 to 0.8 V
(D4-9) (450 mmHg, 17.7
in.Hg)
Apply vacuum 207
PIM (D4-2) - E2 kPa
P - Y-R Pressure sensor 4.2 to 4.8 V
(D4-9) (1,550 mmHg, 61.0
in.Hg)
Intake air Idling, air intake
THA (D4-3) - E2
R-L - Y-R temperature temp. 0C (32F) to 0.5 to 3.4 V
(D4-9)
sensor 80C (176F)
Idling, engine
Engine coolant
THW (D4-4) - E2 coolant temp. 60C
R-W - Y-R temperature 0.2 to 1.0 V
(D4-9) (140F) to 120C
sensor
(248F)
THF (D4-5) - E2 Fuel temperature IG switch ON (at
R - Y-R 0.5 to 3.4 V
(D4-9) sensor engine cold)
DATA (D4-6) - E1 For 0.5 sec. after IG
Y - BR Injection pump Pulse generation
(D2-14) switch ON
Pressure switch ON
PR2 (D4-8) - E1
Y-G - BR Pressure switch (A/C pressure is Below 1.5 V
(D2-14)
normal)
Pressure switch OFF
PR2 (D4-8) - E1
Y-G - BR Pressure switch (A/C pressure is 9 to 14 V
(D2-14)
low)

Radiator side Idling, radiator side

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engine coolant engine coolant


RTHW (D4-12) - E2
L-R - Y-R temperature temp. 60C (140F) 0.2 to 1.0 V
(D4-9)
sensor to 120C (248F)
CLK (D4-14) - E1 For 0.5 sec. after IG
L - Y-R Injection pump Pulse generation
(D2-14) switch ON
THOP (D4-15) - E1 Intake shutter fully Idling (engine
L - BR 9 to 14 V
(D2-14) opened switch warmed up)
THOP (D4-15) - E1 Intake shutter fully IG switch ON (once
L - BR 0 to 3 V
(D2-14) opened switch within 5 sec.)
Intake restrictor
LU-B (D2-7) - E01 valve control Racing (engine Pulse generation
G - BR
(D2-13) motor warmed up) (See waveform 6)
(Intake shutter)
Intake restrictor
LU+B (D2-8) - E01 valve control Racing (engine Pulse generation
R - BR
(D2-13) motor warmed up) (See waveform 6)
(Intake shutter)
Intake restrictor
LU-A (D2-9) - E01 valve control Racing (engine Pulse generation
W - BR
(D2-13) motor warmed up) (See waveform 6)
(Intake shutter)
Intake restrictor
LU+A (D2-10) - E01 valve control Racing (engine Pulse generation
B - BR
(D2-13) motor warmed up) (See waveform 6)
(Intake shutter)
TCV (D2-11) - E01 Timing control
B-W - BR IG switch ON 9 to 14 V
(D2-13) valve
TCV (D2-11) - E01 Timing control Pulse generation
B-W - BR Idling
(D2-13) valve (See waveform 7)
SPV+ (D2-12) - E1
B - BR Spill control valve IG switch ON 9 to 14 V
(D2-14)
SPV+ (D2-12) - E1
B - BR Spill control valve Idling Pulse generation
(D2-14)
TDC+ (D2-17) - Crankshaft position Pulse generation
R-G Idling
TDC- (D2-16) sensor (See waveform 8)
NE+ (D2-19) - NE- Engine speed Pulse generation
Y-L Idling
(D2-18) sensor (See waveform 8)
SPV- (D2-25) - E1 Pulse generation
B-L - BR Spill control valve Idling
(D2-14) (See waveform 9)

Waveform 1 (Reference):

a. Cooling fan signal.

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Terminal RFC - E1
Tool Setting 1 V/DIV., 2 ms/DIV.
Condition When fan operating

HINT:
Waveform time A changes according to coolant temperature.

Waveform 2 (Reference):

a. A/C amplifier signal.

Terminal THWO - E1
Tool Setting 5 V/DIV., 0.1 s/DIV.
Condition During idling

HINT:
Waveform time A changes according to coolant temperature.

Waveform 3 (Reference):

a. Speed signal.

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Terminal SPD - E1
2 V/DIV., 20
Tool Setting
ms/DIV.
When driving at
Condition approx. 20 km/h
(12.4 mph).

HINT:
As vehicle speed increases, the waveform becomes shorter.
As vehicle speed increases, the waveforms amplitude become greater.

Waveform 4 (Reference):

a. Generator signal.

Terminal ALT - E1
Tool Setting 5 V/DIV., 5 ms/DIV.
Condition During idling

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a. Engine speed signal.

Terminal TACH - E1
5 V/DIV., 20
Tool Setting
ms/DIV.
1. After warming
Condition up
2. During idling

HINT:
As engine speed increases, the waveform becomes shorter.

Waveform 6 (Reference):

a. Intake restrictor valve control motor


signal.

LU+A, LU-A, LU+B,


Terminal
LU-B - E01
10 V/DIV., 0.5
Tool Setting
ms/DIV.
Condition During engine racing

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a. Timing control value signal.

Terminal TCV - E01


10 V/DIV., 10
Tool Setting
ms/DIV.
Condition During idling

Waveform 8 (Reference):

a. Crankshaft position sensor signal.

TDC+ - TDC-
Terminal
NE+ - NE-
2 V/DIV., 20
Tool Setting
ms/DIV.
Condition During idling

Waveform 9 (Reference):

a. Spill control valve signal.

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Terminal SPV- - E1
20 V/DIV., 10
Tool Setting
ms/DIV.
Condition During idling

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