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Micro Teaching

Presented By:
Aindrila Banerjee
M.Ed, 3rd Semester

Gangadharpur Sikshan Mandir

The West Bengal University of Teachers
Training Education Planning & Administration
Micro-teaching is one of the
innovative teaching method in the
field of educational technology.
It offers a new model of improving
teaching in the teacher preparation
It has been found to be an effective
modern strategy for modification of
classroom behaviour of teachers.
It simplifies the complex teaching
process, so that the student-teacher
can cope with it.
Background of micro-teaching:
Micro-teaching was developed by Prof.
D. Allen & Robert Bush in teacher
preparation program at the Stanford
University, USA in the year 1963.
Before it, a scholar, Acheson used video
recording and projected in the teaching
process for the improvement of teaching
skill. He pointed 5 Rs- Recording,
Receiving, Responding, Refining and
So many scholars like Ryan (1969),
Turney (1973), Brown (1975), Passi
(1976) worked on the development of
Definition of micro-teaching:
Micro-teaching is a scaled down
teaching encounter in class size & class
time. D. Allen (1966)
Micro-teaching is a real constructed,
scaled down teaching encounter which
is used for teacher training curriculum
development and research.-
Encyclopedia of Education (1971) Ed.
Deighton L.C.
Micro-teaching is a training technique
which requires student-teachers to
teach a single concept using specified
teaching skill to small number of pupils
in a short duration of time.- B.K Passi &
M.S Lalita(1976)
Process of micro-teaching:
Class size- Reduced to about 5 to 10
Length of the lesson- Reduced to
about 5 to 10 minutes.
Focus- One teaching skill at a time
and not on the content of the lesson.
Feedback- Immediate after delivery
of the lesson.
Replan for the next lesson.
Re-teach for improvement of skill
after feedback.
Components of micro-teaching:
Teacher Trainee,
Students (5 to 10 pupils), peer
Observers (2),
Supervisor (Teacher Educator-1),
Close Circuit TV Camera.
Micro-teaching cycle:
Planning (before teaching).
Teaching (6 minutes),
Feedback (6 minutes),
Re-plan (12 minutes),
Re-teach (6 minutes),
Re-feedback (6 minutes),
Micro-teaching process:
Planning stage- Writing instructional
objectives, Organizing the
Introducing stage- Introducing the lesson,
Presentation stage- Presentation skill,
Questioning skill,
Skill of Using teaching aid,
Management skill,
Closing stage- Achieving stage, Giving
assignment, evaluating the
pupils progress, diagnosing
pupils learning difficulties &
remedial lesson.
Micro-teaching skills:
Skill of introducing lesson,
Skill of explaining,
Skill of stimulus variation,
Skill of questioning,
Skill of reinforcement,
Skill of illustration,
Skill of using teaching aid,
Skill of blackboard using,
Skill of achieving closure.
Characteristics of micro-teaching:
Small number of students to be taught.
Reduction in duration of lesson,
Only one skill at a time,
Pre instructional skill-
Appropriate content,
Proper organization,
Proper audio-visual aid,
Instructional skill-
Introducing lesson, Explaining,
Reinforcement, Questioning.
Post instructional skill-
Evaluation of pupils performance,
Re-planning & remedial teaching.
Comparison between micro & macro teaching:
Micro-teaching Macro-teaching

Planning is individualistic. Planning is wholistic.

May be artificial situation. Natural classroom situation.

Planning is analytical. Planning is synthesized.

Short time planning. Long time planning.

Feedback necessary. Feedback always not necessary.

Small time limit. Longer time limit.

Micro-teaching is one of the
significant effort to make teacher
education program scientific,
effective and meaningful. It is
considered one of the most
important development in the
field of teaching practice all over
the world. It is a skill oriented
that gradually improve the skill of
a teacher to be more perfect.

Thank you