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Effects of Current and Planned Nuclear Generating Plants on the Tennessee River
What is Thermal Pollution? Increase in the normal temperatures of natural waters caused by intervention of human activities. . Temperature is a physical characteristic of water which is regulated under the Clean Water Act and the TN Water Quality Act.
Thermal Pollution Suffocated fish Altered food web Low dissolved oxygen Decreased fish population .
Waste Heat from Power Plants .
Two additional outflows from the Lovett coal-fired power plant are also clearly visible against the natural temperature of the water. After the water is used. it is put back into a water supply at 9-20oC warmer This 1988 thermal image of the Hudson River highlights temperature changes caused by discharge of 2. The plant sits in the upper right of the photo — hot water in the discharge canal is visible in yellow and red.Nuclear Power Plants Nuclear power plants use water as a cooling agent.5 billion gallons of water each day from the Indian Point power plant. spreading and cooling across the entire width of the river. . in green and blue.
Red – reservoirs Yellow – Fossil Plants Purple – Nuclear Plants .
The water level at Douglas Lake in Dandridge.. in June was below average. Tenn. 2007 Two gallons of water are needed by coal and nuclear power plants for every kWh they produce. lake levels are unlikely to rise. July 7. . TVA officials say unless the area gets unexpected rainfall this summer.
Drought Conditions Worsen Across the Scorched South .
which increases the amount of plant growth.Thermal shock – aquatic life adapted to a certain water temperature can go into shock when the temp is changed even 1 or 2 degrees C. Oxygen dissolved in water decreases Increases the rate of photosynthesis. developing eutrophic conditions Increases the metabolic rate of fish. which increases their need for oxygen Effects of Increased Water Temperature .
and alteration of enzyme metabolism. more suitable environment. coagulation of cell proteins. As a result one has the problem of compromising food chains of the old and new environments. Changes of even one to two degrees Celsius can cause significant changes in organism metabolism and other adverse cellular biology effects. and to in-migration of organisms that normally only live in warmer waters elsewhere.Biotic Effects of Thermal Pollution Changes in the environment may also result in a migration of organisms to another. Principal adverse changes can include rendering cell walls less permeable to necessary osmosis. These cellular level effects can adversely affect mortality and reproduction. Biodiversity can be decreased as a result. .
. This summer. Chickamauga Lake had at times temperature of 89 degrees. Insufficient water to function as a heat exchanger. Water gets hotter. Water flow is lower and slower. making the cooling of the Sequoyah Plant inefficient.Under Drought Conditions Less water is absorbing more heat.
Dissolved Oxygen vs Temp .
Fish Oxygen Use vs. Temperature .
Fish: Response to Temperature Solid dot: Upper lethal Limit for a Given species Open dot: Best T for spawning Solid blocks: Preferred Temperature Range .
The Future is Now .
The Water Quality Board requests that TDEC participate in the environmental scoping of the impacts upon the waters of the State of TN of the proposed TVA Bellefonte. 2. .Wanted Water Quality Board Actions 1. AL nuclear power plants and report periodically to the Board. including the climatic scenarios of prolonged drought and warmer temperatures. The Water Quality Board requests TDEC conduct a study of the cumulative water quality impacts of the thermal pollution caused by existing and proposed power generating plants on the Tennessee River.