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DENTAL NUMBERING SYSTEMS

DENTAL NUMBERING SYSTEMS

Permanent Teeth

There There are are three three different different numbering numbering systems systems used used to identify to identify the the teeth teeth in dentistry. in dentistry.

1.The The Universal Universal Numbering Numbering System System has was been adopted adopted by the by the ADA ADA and and is in is use in use by most by most general

general dentists dentists today. today.

Tooth Tooth number number 1 is 1 the is the tooth tooth farthest farthest back back on the on the right right side side of your of the mouth mouth in in the the upper upper (max-

illary) (maxillary) jaw. Numbering jaw. Numbering continues continues along your along upper the teeth upper toward teeth toward the front the and front across and to across the to the

tooth tooth farthest farthest back back on the on the top top left left side side number number 16.The 16.The numbers numbers continue continue by dropping by dropping down down

to the to the lower lower (mandibular) (mandibular) jaw. jaw. Number Number 17 is 17 the is the tooth tooth farthest farthest back back on the on the left left side side of your of the

mouth mouth on the on the bottom. bottom. Numbering Numbering continues continues again again toward toward the the front front and and across across to the to the tooth tooth

farthest farthest back back on the on the bottom bottom right right side side of you of the mouth mouth number number 32. 32. In this In this system, system, the the teeth teeth that that

should should be there be there are are numbered. numbered. If you If you are are missing missing your your third third molars, molars, your your first first number will be 2

instead number of 1, will acknowledging be 2 instead the of 1, missing acknowledging tooth. If you’ve the missing had teeth tooth. removed If you’ve or had teeth teeth missing, removed

the or missing teeth teeth missing, will the be missing numbered teeth as will well. be numbered as well.

2.The The Palmer Palmer Notation Notation Numbering Numbering System System is is used used by by some some orthodontists, orthodontists, pedodontists, pedodontists,

and and oral oral surgeons. surgeons. Originally Originally called called the the Zsigmondy Zsigmondy system system after after an Austrian an Austrian dentist dentist of that of that

name name who who developed developed the the idea idea in 1861. in 1861.

The The mouth mouth is divided is divided into into four four sections sections called called quadrants.The quadrants.The numbers numbers 1 through 1 through 8 and 8 and a a

unique unique symbol symbol is used is used to identify to identify the the teeth teeth in each in each quadrant.The quadrant.The numbering numbering runs runs from from the the

center center of the of the mouth mouth to the to the back. back. In the In the upper upper right right quadrant quadrant tooth, tooth, number number 1 is 1 the is the incisor. incisor.

The The numbers numbers continue continue to the to the right right and and back back to tooth to tooth number number 8, which 8, which is the is the third third molar.The molar.The

numbers numbers sit inside sit inside an L-shaped an L-shaped symbol symbol used used to identify to identify the the quadrant.The quadrant.The L is L right is right side side up for up for

the the teeth teeth in the in the upper upper right left quadrant.The quadrant.The teeth teeth in in the the upper upper left right use use a backwards a backwards L. For L. For the the

bottom bottom quadrants, quadrants, the the L is L upside is upside down down following following the the same same pattern pattern from from the the uppers. uppers. Letters Letters

such such as UR as UR or URQ or URQ for for the the upper upper right right or upper or upper right right quadrant quadrant may may also also identify identify the the quad-

rants. quadrants.

3.The The Federation Federation Dentaire Dentaire Internationale Internationale Numbering Numbering System System (FDI). (FDI). Internationally Internationally the

the two-digit two- digit system system is is used used worldwide. worldwide. Every Every branch branch of of dentistry dentistry uses uses this this system. system.

Each Each quadrant quadrant is assigned is assigned a number.The a number.The maxillary maxillary right right quadrant quadrant is assigned is assigned the the number number 1, the 1, the

maxillary maxillary left left quadrant quadrant is assigned is assigned the the number number 2, the 2, the mandibular mandibular left left quadrant quadrant is assigned is assigned the the

number number 3, and 3, and the the mandibular mandibular right right quadrant quadrant is assigned is assigned the the number number 4.The 4.The teeth teeth within within each each

quadrant quadrant are are assigned assigned a number a number from from 1 through 1 through 8 with 8 with 1 being 1 being the the central central incisor incisor and and 8 being 8 being

the the third third molar. molar.

Justi Educational Department Dental Numbering Systems Perm - Rev. 9/03

 

PPERMANENTERMANENT TTEETHEETH

   
 

DENTAL NUMBERING SYSTEMS

 

2

 

(R) Central

ILLUSTRATED

(L) Central

 
 

Incisor

Incisor

 

11

21

   
 
 
1
1

9

2
2

(L) Lateral

 

22

Incisor

 
 
(R) Lateral Incisor 1 12 8 2 13 7 3 6 4 5 5 4
(R) Lateral
Incisor
1
12
8
2
13
7
3
6
4
5
5
4

(R) Cuspid

14

15

(R) First

Bicuspid

(R)

Second

Bicuspid

(R) Lateral Incisor 1 12 8 2 13 7 3 6 4 5 5 4 (R)

10

11

(R) Lateral Incisor 1 12 8 2 13 7 3 6 4 5 5 4 (R)
3
3

23

12

13

4
4
5
5

(L) Cuspid

24

(L) First

Bicuspid

25

(L) Second

Bicuspid

(R)

First

Upper (maxillary)
Upper
(maxillary)

3

Upper (maxillary) 3 2 1

2

1

Upper (maxillary) 3 2 1
Upper (maxillary) 3 2 1
Upper (maxillary) 3 2 1
 

(L)

First

Molar

16

6
6
7
7
 

26

Molar

(R)

Second

Molar

17

14

14 15

15

6
6

Molar6 27 (L) Second

27

(L)

Second

(R)

Third

Molar

18

PALMER

8
8

UNIVERSAL

UNIVERSAL 16

16

28(R) Third Molar 18 PALMER 8 UNIVERSAL 16 (L) Third Molar

(L)

Third

Molar

 

FDI

UNIVERSAL

RIGHT

LEFT

 

PALMER

FDI

(R)

Third

Molar

(R)

Second

48

47

8
8
7
7
Lower (mandibular)
Lower
(mandibular)
Lower (mandibular) 32 31 30
Lower (mandibular) 32 31 30
Lower (mandibular) 32 31 30
Lower (mandibular) 32 31 30

32

31

30

17 18

17

17 18

18

8
8
7
7

38

(L)

Third

Molar

(L)

Second

 

Molar

19

37

Molar

(R)

First

46

6
6
 
6
6

36

(L)

First

Molar

 

Molar

(R)

Second

Bicuspid

45

(R) First

Bicuspid

29 5 28 4 27 3 26 25 43 2 1
29
5
28
4
27
3
26
25
43
2
1

44

23
23

22

21

20

5
5
4
4

35

34

(L) Second

Bicuspid

(L) First

Bicuspid

 

24

3
3

33

 
 

(R) Cuspid

2
2
 

(L) Cuspid

 
 

42

1
1

32

 
 

(R) Lateral

41

31

(L) Lateral

Incisor

Incisor

 

(R) Central

(L) Central

Justi Educational Department Dental Numbering Systems Perm - Rev. 9/03

Incisor

Incisor