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TI 89 TITANIUM training exercises Part 1

Display contrast
(1) Press [HOME] to use calculator
(2) Adjust contrast to darker and lighter, use [ ][ + ] or [ ][ - ]

Calculator keyboard and display contents

(3) Describe calculator keyboard see Quick Reference Guide figure
(4) Describe multiple functions of a key: [ 2nd], [ ], [ALPHA]
(5) Explain display contents

Using the calculator

(6) Try simple arithmetic calculations
a. 2.3 + 3.2 x 1.5 / 2.3
b. 1.5x3.2^2.3
(7) Try arithmetic calculations using parentheses
a. (2.3+3.2)x1.5/2.3
b. (2.3+3.2*1.5)/2.3
c. (1.5x3.2)^2.3
(8) Try calculations with ln, exp functions
(9) Demonstrate powers of ten, i.e., use of the [ EE ] key.

NOTES: demonstrate:
moving through the display to access expressions
editing expressions with [CLEAR] and []
use of ANS (most recent result)

Calculator menus
(10) Show [F1] menu: Tools
a. Use up and down arrow keys to select entry, or use entry number, e.g., 8 to
clear screen
b. A: About information about the calculator
c. B: Clock setting up the clock

(11) Show [F2] menu: Algebra Examples:

a. solve(x^2+2=0,x)
b. factor(x^2+2*x+1)
c. expand((x+y)^2)
d. zeros(y^3-2*y^2+250=0,y)
e. approx(ln(2))

(1) Demonstrate use of [] and [CLEAR] to edit expressions.
(2) Make sure parentheses are balanced

(12) Show [F3] menu: Calculus Examples

a. d((x+1)/(x^2+5),x)
b. (1/(1+y^2),y)
c. (1/(1+y^2),y,0,1)
d. limit(sin(t)/t,t,0)
e. (1/z^2,z,1,)
f. taylor(ex,x,6)

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Typing letters and other characters
(13) To type a letter, press [ALPHA] followed by the key associated with the letter.
Letters X, Y, Z, and T are available directly in the keyboard. By default, all the letters
are shown as lower case.
(14) To type upper-case letters press [ALPHA][] followed by the letter key.
(15) To type a string of lower-case letters, press [ 2nd][ALPHA] (i.e., A-LOCK)
(16) To type special characters, press [ 2nd][ + ] (i.e., CHARS), and select among the
following menus:
a. Greek: Greek letters
b. Math
c. Punctuation
d. Special
e. International

CATALOG function
(17) Show CATALOG (press [ESC] to quit catalog)
a. Use up and down arrow keys to move about the catalog
b. Use [ALPHA][ALPHA] followed by a letter to access the first function that starts
with that letter, e.g., [ALPHA][ALPHA][ F ] to go to the factor function
c. Press [F1] to get help information on current catalog entry, e.g., for factor,
you find the string EXPR[,VAR]. This is interpreted as indicating that an
expression must be entered, and an optional variable may also be entered. For
example: factor(x^3+2*x^2) or factor(x*y+x^2+y^2,x)
d. Press [ENTER] to activate a given function from the catalog (try the examples
listed in c.)
e. Press [CATALOG][ALPHA][ALPHA][N], and select the function nCr. Try
f. Press [CATALOG]. Press [F3] for APPS catalog.
g. Press [F4] for user-defined functions (i.e., programs entered by the user), if
h. Press [ESC] to leave the catalog.
i. Refer to TI 89 TITANIUM manual for description of functions (pages 149 to 278)

Setting calculator modes

(18) Press [MODE] to see the current mode settings
a. Page 1 (default) shows the following settings:
i. graph type, current folder (directory)
ii. display digits, angle format (degrees, radians)
iii. exponential format (powers of ten format: normal, scientific,
iv. complex format (complex vs. real numbers)
v. vector format (using rectangular, polar, or cylindrical coordinates)
vi. Pretty Print (textbook-type of output)

[*] Exponential format definitions:

Normal: uses no power of 10 unless the result is too large or too small, e.g.,
Scientific: uses powers of 10 all the time with one integer position, e.g.,
2.23E+04 for 22300
Engineering: uses powers of 10 all the time, but theyre shown in increments
of 3 so that the integer positions can be 1 or 2, e.g., 22.3E+03 instead of

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b. Page 2 (press [F2]) shows the following settings:
i. Split Screen (two screens accessible vs. one)
ii. Split 1 App (screen splitting for applications)
iii. Exact/Approx (exact or symbolic, approximate or numeric, automatic
iv. Base (numerical base, i.e., binary, decimal, or hexadecimal)

c. Page 3 (press [F3]) shows the following settings:

i. Unit System (SI or ES), Language (default = English)
ii. Apps Desktop (on or off)

(19) Press [ENTER] to save any changes, or [ESC] to leave modes unchanged.

(20) Try changing modes (check results after each change):

a. In Page 1:
i. Change display digits from 6 to 4, then back to 6, while calculating
ii. Change angle format to DEGREES, then to RADIANS, while calculating
iii. Change Pretty Print to off, then back to on, while calculating

b. In Page 2:
i. Change Exact/Approx to EXACT, then to APPROX, then to AUTO, while
calculating the following exercises:

1. 2 1 + sin
2. 32 + 2 2
2+5 2

Note: Use function (approximate result), [ ][ENTER], to get floating-point results

from a symbolic result.

More exercises in changing calculator modes

(21) Number format selection - Use numerical result of one (or all) of Exercises 1 through 3
to show:
a. Fixed 3
b. Fixed 6
c. Floating 3
d. Floating 6
e. Scientific exponential format
f. Engineering exponential format

(22) Angle measure - calculate sin() for:

a. = 12o
b. = /6rad
c. = 150grad

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(23) Coordinate system - show vector [ 2.5, 3.2, -1.5] in the following coordinate systems:
a. Rectangular (Cartesian)
b. Polar (cylindrical)
c. Spherical

(24) Complex format try the following exercises using these modes: REAL, RECTANGULAR,
a. 3 5
2 2

b. LN(-2.35)
c. SIN-1(2.2), with the angle measure set to radians

Exercises using the Equation Writer (EQW)

(25) The TI 89 does not have an equation writer, but you could add one available online.
a. Visit to download the
b. Copy the following files to your calculators MAIN folder: eqw.9xz,
eqwprgrmr.9xp, eqwx.9xz, and eqwuser.9xp.
c. The documentation suggests creating a keyboard program (KBDPRGM) which
gets associated to a key for a quick launch of the program (e.g., KBDPRGM 1).
To write the program follow these steps:
i. Press [APPS]
ii. Find and activate the Program Editor
iii. Select New
iv. Keep the Type as Program, and the folder as Main.
v. Type the name kbdprgm1 in the Variable field: use: [2nd][ALPHA](for
A-LOCK) [K][B][D][P][R][G][M] [ALPHA][1], and press [ENTER]

At this point you will be within the program editor, and the screen will
show the following:


vi. Using the down arrow keys, move to the empty line after the Prog
command, and type: main\eqw()
The screen should now look as follows:

vii. Press the [HOME] key

d. To launch the program use: [ ][1]
e. Use the up and down arrow keys to move about, and to select sub-expressions
in, the equation writer. Use the right and left arrow keys to move about the
expression. Use numbers, functions, and operators to build an expression.
Examples are shown in the document eqwguide.pdf included in the download.

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f. Here is an example of what can be produced in the equation writer:

g. When you press [ENTER], the expression is placed in the HOME entry line in the
h. The equation writer can be used to set up a complex calculation which is then
past on to the HOME directory (by pressing [ENTER]), and finish the calculation,

Online materials for the ti 89

(26) Visit my web site:, click on the
Calculators link, and find the ti 89 links.

(27) Visit

for updates on the operating system, and for downloading applications and guide
a. Click on the Downloads link, then on the Applications link.
b. Download applications such as:
i. EE*Pro for the TI 89 Titanium: electrical engineering applications
ii. EE200 : electric circuits solutions
iii. ME*Pro App TI 89 Titanium: mechanical engineering applications (some
apply to civil engineering too)
iv. Statistics with List Editor App for the TI Titanium: includes probability
calculations (normal, binomial, Poisson, etc., and inverse probabilities)

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