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MINERA YANACOCHA SRL

ALMACEN DE FLOTA

1.- CORREA DE TECHO

1.2 METRADO DE CARGAS

Peso propio = 5 kg/m2


Cobertura (TR-4) = 5

S/C Nieve = 50
= 60 kg/m2

WD = 60 kg/m2 x 1.77 m = 110 kg/m

Correas simplemente apoyadas:


Mmax= 110x7.0/8 = 674 Kg-m.

Suponiendo: C-8x2x3.0
Cb=1.13
3 Lneas de templadores.
Lx=7.00m<>22.96 ft.
Ly=1.75m<>5.74ft.
Ma=5.095 Kp-ft = 706.06 Kg-m >Mmax (Ok!)
Id=13.273 in4 <>552.46 cm4.
Dellexiones:

Dt = 3.0 cm. L/233 < L/200


Dd = 0.50 cm. L/1400 < L/300
DL = 2.50 cm. L/280 < L/250

2.- CORREA DE PARED

2. Lneas de TempladoresPRTICO TPICO

2.1 METRADO DE CARGAS

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MINERA YANACOCHA SRL
ALMACEN DE FLOTA

CARGAS MUERTAS

Peso propio = 20 kg/m2


Correas = 10

Cobertura (TR-4) = 10
= 40 kg/m2

WD = 40 kg/m2 x 7.0 m = 280 kg/m

CARGAS VIVAS
Area tributaria=56m = 602.47 ft

R=r(A-150)=0.08(602.47-150)=36.2 %

Carga viva (Al 60%) = 60 kg/m2


= 60 kg/m2

WL = 60 kg/m2 x 7.0 m = 420 kg/m

CARGAS NIEVE

Carga nieve = 100 kg/m2


= 100 kg/m2

WS = 100 kg/m2 x 7.0 m = 700 kg/m

CARGAS DE VIENTO
V = 84 MPH = 135 km/h
P= Ce.Cq.qs.Iw =
qs = 85 kg/m2
Ce = 1.06
Iw = 1.00

TECHOS

Succin : q = 90 x (-0.70) = -63 kg/m2
Ww = -63 kg/m2 x7.00 m = -440 kg/m

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MINERA YANACOCHA SRL
ALMACEN DE FLOTA

PAREDES

A barlovento : q = 90 x (0.80) = 72 kg/m2
Ww = 72 kg/m2 x7.00 m = 500 kg/m

A sotavento : q = 90 x (-.050) = -45 kg/m2
Ww = -45 kg/m2 x7.00 m = -315 kg/m

CARGAS DE SISMO

Carga muerta = 40 kg/m2


Carga viva (25%) = 25
q = 65 kg/m2

W = 65 x 7.00 x 8.00 = 3640 kg


UBC Zona 3: Z = 0.3
Perfil de suelo SD
I = 1.0
Cv = 0.54
R = 4.5
Ca = 0.36
Na = 1.0
Nv = 1.0
T = Ct(hM)3/4 = 0.0853 (5.10)3/4 = 0.289
V = Cv.I/(R.T).W = (0.54x1.0) x W /(4.5x0.289) = 0.41W
No debe de ser mayor que:
V = 2.5 Ca.I W / R = 2.50x0.36x1.00/4.5x W=0.20xW
Ni menor que:
V = 0.11Ca.I W = 0.04 W
De donde:
W = 65x8.0x7.0= 3640 kg
V = 0.20 (3640) = 728 kg

COMBINACIONES
1) D+S

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MINERA YANACOCHA SRL
ALMACEN DE FLOTA

2) D + 0.75S + 0.5 W
3) D + 0.5S + W
4) D+L+E

2.2 DIMENSIONAMIENTO

COLUMNA H = 5.10 m
Es crtica en la COMBINACIN (1)
P = 3933 kg
M = 3890 mkg

Suponiendo W 12 X 26 A = 7.65 in2 = 49.35 cm2
Ix = 204 in4 = 8491.12 cm4
Vigas W 12 x 26 Iy = 17.3 in4 = 720.08 cm4
GA = 0 Sx = 33.4 in3 = 547.32 cm3
GB = (1/510) / (1/400) = 0.78 rx = 5.17 in = 13.13 cm
KxLx / rx = 1.15 x 510/13.13 = 45 ry = 1.51 in = 3.83 cm
rT = 1.72 in = 4.36 cm
En la direccin secundaria (prtico ariostrado) d/Af = 4.95 in-1 = 1.95 cm
KyLy / ry = 1.0 x 510/3.83 = 133 (CONTROLA)
Fa = 593 kg/cm2
fa = 3890 / 49.35 = 78.82 kg/cm2
fa / Fa = 78.82/593 = 0.13 < 0.15
i) Lb = 510 cm
Cb = 1.75 + 1.05(M1/M2) +0.3(M1/M2)2 = 2.39
l/rT = 510 / 4.36 = 117
7171.42 x10 3 xC b / Fy =82.31 l/rT 35.85x10 6 xC b / Fy =184.03

Fb = [2/3 (Fy(l/rT)2)/(1075.71x105Cb)] Fy
Fb = 0.53 x 2530 = 1341 kg/cm2
ii) Fb = (843.69 x 103Cb) / (ld/Af) = 2029 kg/cm2

Fbmax = 2029 kg/cm2 > 0.6Fy = 1518 kg/cm2 por lo tanto


Fbmax = 1518 kg/cm2
fb = 3890 x 100 / 547.32 = 710.73

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MINERA YANACOCHA SRL
ALMACEN DE FLOTA

fb / Fb = 710.73 / 1518 = 0.47


fa / Fa + fb / Fb = 0.13 + 0.47 = 0.60 1.0 (O.K.)

USAR W 12 x 26

VIGA
Es crtica en la COMBINACIN (1)
M = 3890 kg.m
Suponiendo W 12 X 26 Sx = 33.4 in3 = 547.32 cm3
rT = 1.72 in = 4.36 cm
Lb = 400 cm
Cb = 1.75 +1.05(2842/4465) +0.3 (2842/4465)2 = 2.53
l/rT = 400 / 4.36 = 91.74
7171.42 x10 3 xC b / Fy = 84.68 91.74 35.85x10 6 xC b / Fy =189.34

Fb = [2/3 (Fy(l/rT)2)/(1075.71x105Cb)] Fy
Fb = 0.58x2530 = 1467 kg/cm2

Fb = (843.69 x 103Cb) / (ld/Af) = 2738 kg/cm2


Fbmax = 1518 kg/cm2
fb = 3890 x 100/547.32 = 710.73 < Fb (O.K.)

USAR W 12 x 26

3. PRTICO LONGITUDINAL

3.1 METRADO DE CARGAS

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MINERA YANACOCHA SRL
ALMACEN DE FLOTA

CARGAS DE SISMO

Peso de estructura = 30 kg/m2


Cobertura (TR-4) = 10

S/C techo (al 25%) = 25


Pq = 65 kg/m2

V = 0.20 x PT
PT = 65 x 14.0 x 4.0 = 3640 kg
V = 728 kg

CARGAS DE VIENTO
V = 84 MPH = 135 km/h
qs = 85 kg/m2
Ce = 1.06
I = 1.00
PAREDES O SUP. VERTICAL

A barlovento : q = 90 x (0.80) = 72 kg/m2

A sotavento : q = 90 x (-.050) = -45 kg/m2
EN LAS PAREDES
WBARLOVENTO = 72 x 4.0 = 288 kg/m
WSOTAVENTO = -45 x 4.0 = 180 kg/m

3.2 DIMENSIONAMIENTO

VIGA LONGITUDINAL
P = 364 kg

Suponiendo W 6 X 12 A = 3.55 in2 = 22.90 cm2
rx = 2.49 in = 6.32 cm
KK/rx = 1.0 x 700 / 6.32 = 111
Fa = 811 kg/cm2
Pa = 22.90 x 811 = 18571 kg >> P (O.K.)

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MINERA YANACOCHA SRL
ALMACEN DE FLOTA

USAR W 6 x 12

DIAGONALES DE ARRIOSTRE
T = 450 kg

Suponiendo 2L 3 X A = 2.88 in2 = 18.58 cm2
r = 0.93 in = 2.36 cm
Ta=1500 kg/cm
Pa = 1500 x 18.58 = 27870 kg >> T (O.K.)
Esbelteces:
KK/rx = 1.0 x 700 / 4.33 = 161 < 200 (O.K.)

USAR 2L 3 x