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# Date: December 1, 2017

By: MAK

## DESIGN OF PAD & CHIMNEY FOUNDATION

Tower Type "A10"
(Towers Include: # PI - 21)

1. INTRODUCTION:

* The purpose of the foundation is to transfer the loads from the structure to the ground without causing the ground to
fail in shear or to allow excessive settlement of the structure to occur. These requirements are met by ensuring the
bearing pressure below the foundation does not exceed permissible bearing pressure.
* The purpose of this calculation is to design Pad & Chimney foundation for "A10" type lattice steel tower structure.
* The foundation is subjected to upward, downward and horizontal forces.
* Foundation loads will be obtained from the tower reactions multiplied by over load capacity factors. These factored loads will be
used in the sizing of the foundation. However, to design steel reinforcements reactions without the OCFs will be used.

2. TOWER GEOMETRY:

## h= 26100 mm Tower Body Hieght

a= 5000 mm Tower Dimension at the Top
b= 15962 mm Tower Dimension at the Bottom

=tan 1 [ ]
ba
2h
= 10.330 deg Leg Slope angel with Respect to Vertical

h0 = 1000 mm

=tan
1
[ ]
ba
2h
= 11.860 deg h22
h0
h0 h11
h11 = = 1021.812 mm Tower First Leg Slope
sin(90 )
h0
h22= = 1016.476 mm Tower Second Leg Slope
sin(90 )

* The maximum vertical and horizontal reactions have been given in the PTS (clause: 4.09 A) for this kind of tower as follow:

## Pc0 Pu0 Ph-x0 Ph-y0

1600.00 1192.00 242.00 212.00

Note :

Pc0 = Compression Force
Pu0 = Uplift Force
Ph-x0 = Resultant Shear Force in X-Direction
Ph-y0 = Resultant Shear Force in Y-Direction

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Date: December 1, 2017
By: MAK

## In Compression SFc = 1.5

In Uplift SFu = 1.5 As per SES-P-122.06
In Shear SFs = 1.5

## Ph-y = Ph-y0 SFs = 318.00 KN Resultant Shear Force in Y-Direction

Q0 =( Phx 0 )2 +( Ph y 0 )2 = 321.73 KN

## Q=Q0 SFs= 482.59 KN Horizontal Reaction

M 0 =0 M =0 Moment Reaction

## Assumed Footing Width B = 4 m

Pu
Assumed Footing Length L = 4 m Ph-y

Eh a
Thickness of Pad Fd = ### mm GL a Ph-x
Chimney
Assumed Footing Depth h = 3.5 m Pad
h
Exposed Height, including the Eh = ### mm OL

## Assumed Pedestal Size a = ### mm

B
Cncrete Cover cov = 85 mm L

## Thickness to be Ignored in T = ### mm As per PTS (05WO307 clause 4.09 item 3)

Calculating Uplift Resistance

6. MATERIAL PROPERTIES:

6.1 CONCRETE:

## c = 24 KN/m Concrete Unit Weight

'
fc = 28 MPa Concrete Compressive Strength
PTS (clause: 4.09 A-1)
fy = 420 MPa Steel Yield Strength
PTS (clause: 5.02)
E = 200000 Mpa Steel Elastic Modulus

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Date: December 1, 2017
By: MAK

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Date: December 1, 2017
By: MAK

7. CALCULATIONS:

## Kpy = 35 Referance: Foundation Analysis and

Design 1 Kpy
by: Joseph E. Bowles 15 18.6
qult =1 .3 . c. N c + s . z. N q +0 .4 . s . B .N 20 25
25 35
[ (0 .75 1 / 360) tan 1 ] a = 2.710 30 52
a=e
35 82
40 141
a2
N q= Nq = 12.720 45 0
2cos2 ( 45+ 1 /2 )

N c =( N q 1 )/tan 1 Nc = 25.135

N =
tan 1 K py
2 cos 2 [
1
] N = 9.702

## qult =1 .3. c. N c + s . z. N q +0 .4 . s . B . N = 1176.449 KN/m

qult
q allow = q allow = 294.112 KN/m SF = 4 Safty Factor Allowable Bearing Capacity
SF
7.2 CHECK FOUNDATION DISPLACEMENT:

N 60 = 30 SPT N value

Sc = 50 mm Tolerable Settlement

B = 4 m Footing Width

S c N 1.
4
q= 60
0. 75
= 1216.034 KN/m q allow = Min ( q allow , q) = 294.112 KN/m
1. 7B

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## = 0.008 Steel Ratio, Assumed

Pc
A P= = 0.137 m Gross Pedestal Area
0 . 65(0 . 85f c (1)+ f y )

## 7.4 CHECK UPLIFT RESISTANCE:

h = 3.5 m L = 4 m B = 4 m Eh = ### mm

## T = ### mm Thickness to be Ignored in As per PTS (05WO307 clause 4.09 item 3)

Calculating Uplift Resistance

## = 1 / cos ( ) = 1.016 Increasing Coefficient

f = 35 deg Angle of the Shearing Soil Plane with the Vertical "Frustum Angle"

## h3 = 2.9 m Soil Height Considered in Computing Uplift

" Effective Height of Soil "

## Resisting Force to Uplift = Weight of Foundation + Weight of Soil Enclosed

in the Frustum of an Inverted Cone of Pyramid

## Volume of Concrete Pad Vf = L x B x Fd

= 4 x 4 x 0.6
= 9.600 m

Weight of Pad Wf = Vf x
c
= 9.600 x 24
= 230.4 KN

## Volume of Concrete Chimney Vp = a x a x (h+Eh) x

= 0.6 x 0.6 x 4 x 1.016
= 1.464 m

Weight of Chimney Wp = Vp x
c
= 1.464 x 24
= 35.1294 KN

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By: MAK

h3
Volume of Soil Vs = ( At + A b + A t A b )
3
At : Area at The Top
Ab : Area at The Bottom G.L

Ab = L x B
= 4 x 4 h3
= 16.00 m f f

At = ( B + (2 x h3 x tan(f))
= 64.98 m
B
Vs = 109.454 m

Weight of Soil Ws = Vs x S
= 109.454 x 17
= 1860.711 KN

## Weight of Soil Replaced Wr = a x a x h3 x S x

by The Pedestal = 0.6 x 0.6 x 2.9 x 17 x 1.016
= 18.040 KN

## Total Resistance Force to Uplift RF = Wf + Wp + Ws - Wr

= 230.4 + 35.1294 + 1860.711 - 18.040
= 2108.200 KN

## Factor of Safety Against Uplift FS = RF / Pu0

= 2108.200 / 1192.00
= 1.769 > 1.5 OK

Y
7.5 CHECK FOR BEARING CAPACITY OF SOIL: Y

= 3.5 + 0.6 X
= 4.100 m ey
ex X

= 4.100 x 0.182
= 0.747 m

= 0.747 x 0.707
= 0.528 m

## ey = e Total x sin (45) Eccentricity on Y Direction

= 0.747 x 0.707
= 0.528 m

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Date: December 1, 2017
By: MAK

## H = h + Fd + Eh Total Height of Foundation

= 3.5 + 0.6 + 0.5
= 4.600 m

Mx1 = Pc x
y e Bending Moment due to
= 2400.00 x 0.528 Downward Force Pc
= 1268.23 K N.m "About X"

## My1 = Pc x e Bending Moment due to

x
= 2400.00 x 0.528 Downward Force Pc
= 1268.23 K N.m "About Y"

## Mx2 = Ph-y x H Bending Moment @ Base due

= 318.00 x 4.600 to Horizontal Force Ph - y
= 1462.80 K N.m "About X"

## My2 = Ph-x x H Bending Moment @ Base due

= 363.00 x 4.600 to Horizontal Force Ph - x
= 1669.80 K N.m "About Y"

Mx3 = Wp x (
y
/2) e Bending Moment due to
= 35.13 x 0.264 Weight of Chimney
= 9.28 K N.m "About X"

## My3 = Wp x ( e / 2 ) Bending Moment due to

x
= 35.13 x 0.264 Weight of Chimney
= 9.28 K N.m "About Y"
Total Moment:

## Mxx = Mx2 - Mx1 - Mx3

= 1462.80 - 1268.23 - 9.28
= 185.28 K N.m

## Myy = My2 - My1 - My3

= 1669.80 - 1268.23 - 9.28
= 392.28 K N.m

## T = ### mm Thickness to be Ignored in As per PTS (05WO307 clause 4.09 item 3)

Calculating Uplift Resistance

Fd = ### mm

## h3 = h - T " Effective Height of Soil "

= 3.5 - 0.6
= 2.90 m

Kp =
1+ Sin 1
1Sin 1
Kp = 2.464 Passive Earth Pressure Coefficient

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Date: December 1, 2017
By: MAK

## Qtp = Kp x S x h3 Passive Earth Pressure at

= 2.464 x 17 x 2.90 Top of Pad
= 121.471 KN/m

## Qbp = Kp x S x ( h3 + Fd ) Passive Earth Pressure at

= 2.464 x 17 x 3.50 Bottom of Pad
= 146.603 KN/m

Pc

Ph 105.680
Eh = 0.500 G.L
Wp 0.60
T= Lt = 121.471 KN/m
Ws

h = 3.50
OL = 4.60 h3 = 2.90
Wf

Fd = 0.600

0.30
1.567

## Ftpx = ( 1 / 2 ) x Qtp x h3 x a The Force due to Passive Earth

= 0.5 x 121.471 x 2.90 x 0.60 Pressure at the Chimney
= 105.680 KN " X Direction"

## Fbpx = ( 1 / 2 * ( Lb + Lt ) ) x Fd x B The Force due to Passive Earth

= 134.037 x 0.600 x 4.00 Pressure at the Pad
= 321.688 KN " X Direction"

## Mxp = Ftpx x ( Fd + ( h3 / 3 ) ) + Fbpx x ( Fd / 2 ) Bending Moment due to

= 105.680 x 1.567 + 321.688 x 0.30 Passive Earth Pressure

## Ftpy = ( 1 / 2 ) x Qtp x h3 x a The Force due to Passive Earth

= 0.5 x 121.471 x 2.90 x 0.60 Pressure at the Chimney
= 105.680 KN " Y Direction"

## Fbpy = ( 1 / 2 * ( Lb + Lt ) ) x Fd x B The Force due to Passive Earth

= 134.037 x 0.600 x 4.00 Pressure at the Pad
= 321.688 KN " Y Direction"

## Myp = Ftpy x ( Fd + ( h3 / 3 ) ) + Fbpy x ( Fd / 2 ) Bending Moment due to

= 105.680 x 1.567 + 321.688 x 0.30 Passive Earth Pressure

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By: MAK

## Mx = Mxx - 0.8 x Mxp Net Bending Moment @

= 185.28 - 0.8 x 262.071 Base of Footing

## My = Myy - 0.8 x Myp Net Bending Moment @

= 392.28 - 0.8 x 262.071 Base of Footing

Note 1 : only for safty purpose we consider in above calculation 80 % of the total resisting moment due to
passive earth pressure
Note 2 : if Mx < 0 then we will Mx = 0 and the same will be applicable for My.

## 7.5.5 CALCULATION SOIL PRESSURE AT THE BASE OF FOOTING:

P M My M
q= x y
A Ix Iy
x q=
P
LB (
1 x
L
My
B )
Where:
Mx : Net Bending Moment @ Base of Footing "Around X".
My : Net Bending Moment @ Base of Footing "Around Y".
A : Foundation Area.
I: Second Moment of Area of The Footing About The Axis of Bending.
x , y: Distance from Axis of Bending to the Position The Stress is Being Calculated.

Ix = ( B x L ) / 12
= 21.333 m

Iy = ( L x B ) / 12
= 21.333 m

Weight of Pad Wf = Vf x
c
= 9.600 x 24
= 230.4 KN

Weight of Chimney Wp = Vp x
c
= 1.464 x 24
= 35.1294 KN

Weight of Soil Ws = ( B x L x h - a x a x h x ) x
S
= 54.719 x 17
= 930.227 KN

## Total Vertical Load P = Pc + Wf + Wp + Ws

= 2400.000 + 230.4 + 35.1294 + 930.227
= 3595.756 KN

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## 3595.756 0.000 182.627

qu1 = + x 2 + x 2 = 241.856 KN/m
16 21.333 21.333

## qu 2 3595.756 0.000 182.627

= - x 2 + x 2 = 241.856 KN/m
16 21.333 21.333

## qu 3 3595.756 0.000 182.627

= + x 2 - x 2 = 207.613 KN/m
16 21.333 21.333

## qu 4 3595.756 0.000 182.627

= - x 2 - x 2 = 207.613 KN/m
16 21.333 21.333

## q max = max ( qu1 , qu 2 , qu 3 , qu 4

) = 241.856 KN/m < q allow OK

241.856 KN/m
241.856 KN/m
241.856 KN/m

B= 4.00 m

L= 4.00 m

207.613 KN/m
207.613 KN/m
207.613 KN/m

## Total Downward Force = Weight of Pad + Weight of Chimney + Weight of Soil

+ Compression Force

= 2795.756 KN

## q max = Total Downward Force / (LxB)

q max = 2795.756 / 16

## q max = 174.735 KN/m < OK

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Date: December 1, 2017
By: MAK

## H = h + Fd + Eh Total Height of Foundation

= 3.5 + 0.6 + 0.5
= 4.600 m

Mx1 = Pc x
y e Bending Moment due to
= 1600.00 x 0.528 Downward Force Pc
= 845.49 K N.m "About X"

## My1 = Pc x e Bending Moment due to

x
= 1600.00 x 0.528 Downward Force Pc
= 845.49 K N.m "About Y"

## Mx2 = Ph-y x H Bending Moment @ Base du

= 212.00 x 4.600 to Horizontal Force Ph - y
= 975.20 K N.m "About X"

## My2 = Ph-x x H Bending Moment @ Base du

= 242.00 x 4.600 to Horizontal Force Ph - x
= 1113.20 K N.m "About Y"

Mx3 = Wp x (
y
/2) e Bending Moment due to
= 35.13 x 0.264 Weight of Chimney
= 9.28 K N.m "About X"

## My3 = Wp x ( e / 2 ) Bending Moment due to

x
= 35.13 x 0.264 Weight of Chimney
= 9.28 K N.m "About Y"
Total Moment:

= 120.43 K N.m

## Myy = My2 - My1 - My3

= 258.43 K N.m

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By: MAK

## Mx = Mxx - 0.8 x Mxp Net Bending Moment @

= 120.43 - 0.8 x 262.071 Base of Footing

## My = Myy - 0.8 x Myp Net Bending Moment @

= 258.43 - 0.8 x 262.071 Base of Footing

## 2795.756 0.000 0.000

q1 = 16 + 21.333 x 2 + 21.333 x 2 = 174.735 KN/m

## q2 2795.756 0.000 0.000

= - x 2 + x 2 = 174.735 KN/m
16 21.333 21.333

## 2795.756 0.000 0.000

q3 = + x 2 - x 2 = 174.735 KN/m
16 21.333 21.333

## 2795.756 0.000 0.000

q4 = - x 2 - x 2 = 174.735 KN/m
16 21.333 21.333

## Calculate Average Pressure:

q ave = ( q + q
1 2
+ q
3
+ q ) /
4
4
= 174.735 + 174.735 + 174.735 + 174.735
= 174.735 KN/m

= 174.735 KN/m

= 174.735 KN/m

## d = Fd - cov - ( 3 pb /2) Effective Depth for Section

= 600 - 85 - 30
= 485 mm

A = L x B Foundation Area
= 4 x 4
= 16 m

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Vn
: Date: December 1, 2017
Q
"Pu By: MAK
nch
"
wh
ere b0 = 4 x (a+d) Perimeter Length
the
no = 4 x 1085 B= 4
mi = 4.34 m
nal
she = (a+d) x (a+d) Punching Area
ar
A Punch w
= 1.085 x 1.085
stre a
= 1.177 m
ngt B=
h w
Vn quavve = ( qu + qu 2 + qu + qu ) / 4 4
1 3 4 a+d
is: = ( 241.856 + 241.856 + 207.613 + 207.613 ) / 4
= 224.735 KN/m

= qu x (A - A )
Vn QPunch avve Punch Punching Shear
= = 224.735 x 14.823 Perimeter
Vs = 3331.193 KN
+ Critical Section for
Vc Punching Shear
Vc
In general, the factored shear force Q "Punch" at the critical shear section shall
=
be less than or equal to the shear strength:
no Vn: Q "Punch"
mi
where the nominal shear strength Vn is:
nal Vn = Vs + Vc
she = nominal shear strength provided by concrete, computed if
Vc Fd d
ar
shear reinforcement is not used.
stre
Vs = nominal shear strength provided by reinforcement. q
"ngt
Reference ACI 318 - 02, clause 11.12.2.1"
h Elevation
pro
vid
The Nominal Shear Strength Provided by Concrete will be the Smallest of:
ed
by
con 1 '
1) .
cret
V c 1=
3 c 0
f b d
e, = 0.33 x 5.292 x 4340 x 485
co
= 3712.695 KN
mp
ute
s . d
f 'c . b0 . d
d2)if. V c 2=
( b0 )
+2 .
12
s = 20 For Corner Columns

= 3930.837 KN
she
ar 2 f 'c . b0 . d
3)
rei
nfo
rce
.
( )
V c 3 = 1+ .
c 6
c = a / a = ### / ### = 1

me = 5569.042 KN
nt
is Vc = Min ( Vc1 , Vc2 , Vc3 ) Allowable Punching Shear
not = 3712.695 KN
use
d.
Vs Check if (Punching Shear) QPunch < Vc (Allowable Punching Shear)
=
no If ( Qpunch <= Vc, OK , ERROR)
mi
nal Qpunch = 3331.193 < 3712.695 OK
she
ar
stre
ngt
h
pro
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ed
Date: December 1, 2017
By: MAK

## 7.7 CHECK FOR ONE - WAY SHEAR:

X = ((L-a)/2) - d 4
= 1.215 m B=
X d
qux =qu min + ( q u maxqu min ) .
L
= 218.015 KN/m
a
1
Qshear = (q + q ). B . X Direct Shear Load 4 w
2 ux u max B= a w
= 1117.486 KN

" Reference ACI 318 - 02, clause 11.3.1.2 and clause 11.3.2.3"

## Allowable Direct Shear Force will be the Smallest of :

Critical Section
Pc f 'c . B . d
1) .
(
V c 1 = 1+
14 Ag )6 Ag =
=
=
B
4
x

2.400
Fd
x
m
0.6
for Shear

= 1833.128 KN

X
0 . 3 . Pu f 'c . B . d
2) .
(
V c 2 = 1+
Ag )6 Fd d
= 2093.310 KN
q

= 1833.128 KN

## 7.8 FLEXURE DESIGN:

The Critical Section for The Design for Flexural Reinforcement Should be Taken at The Face of The Column.

X1 = ((L-a)/2)
= 1.7 m
X1
qux 1 =q u min +( qu max q u min )
L
= 222.167 KN/m

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## M ux 1=(q ux1 . X 21 . B )/2+((qu max q ux1 ). B . X 1 )/3 )

= 1284.123 + 44.629
= 1328.752 KN.m
B= 4
Required Rn =
M ux 1
.B .d 2

## = 0.9 Strength Rediction Factor

" Reference ACI 318 - 02, clause 9.3.2"
a
Rn = 1569.127 KN/m B= 4 a w w

2 Rn
1 }
0 . 85 . f c
1

}
f c
0 . 85 .
f y
=

0.003868
= Critical Section
for Flexure
min = 0.0018 Minimum As Required for Footings
of Uniform Thickness, for Grade 60
Reinforcement
" Reference ACI 318 - 02, clause 7.12.2.1"

## If ( > min , , ) X1= 1.7

= min

0.0039
=
Fd d
Required As = x B x d
= 0.0039 x 4000 x ### q
= 7503.98 mm
Elevation
Use Steel with 20 mm A
= 314.16 mm

= 25

## SPb = ( B - 2 cov ) / ( NPb - 1 ) Spacing of Steel Reinforcement

= 160 mm

Provided As = NPb x A

= 25 x 314.16

= 7853.98 mm

## If ( Provided As > Required As , "OK" ," Revise" ) OK

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## Punet = Pu - Wp - Wf Load Carried by The Pad During Uplift

= 1788.00 - 35.1294 - 230.4
= 1522.47 KN

## qunet = Punet / ( A - AP ) A : Area of Foundation

= 1522.47 / 15.64 AP : Area of Pedestal
= 97.345 KN/m

X1 = ((L-a)/2)
= 1.7 m
2
X1
Mu net =qu net B
2
= 562.652 KN.m

Required Rn =
M ux 1 = 0.9 Strength Rediction Factor
2

.B.d " Reference ACI 318 - 02, clause 9.3.2"

Rn = 664.437 KN/m

2 Rn
1 }
0 . 85 . f c
1
0.0016
0 . 85 .
f
}
f c

y
=
=

min = 0.0018 Minimum As Required for Footings of Uniform Thickness, for Grade 60
Reinforcement " Reference ACI 318 - 02, clause 7.12.2.1"

If ( > min , , )
= min

0.0018
=
Required As = x B x d
= 0.0018 x 4000 x 485
= 3492.00 mm

A = 314.16 mm

= 12

## SPt = ( B - 2 cov ) / ( NPt - 1 ) Spacing of Steel Reinforcement

= 348 mm

Provided As = NPt x A

= 12 x 314.16
= 3769.911

## If ( Provided As > Required As , "OK" ," Revise" ) OK

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## H = h + Eh Total Height of Pedestal

= 3.5 + 0.5
= 4.000 m

Mx1 = Pc x
y e Bending Moment due to
= 2400.00 x 0.528 Downward Force Pc
= 1268.23 K N.m "About X"

## My1 = Pc x e Bending Moment due to

x
= 2400.00 x 0.528 Downward Force Pc
= 1268.23 K N.m "About Y"

## Mx2 = Ph-y x H Bending Moment @ Base due

= 318.00 x 4.000 to Horizontal Force Ph - y
= 1272.00 K N.m "About X"

## My2 = Ph-x x H Bending Moment @ Base due

= 363.00 x 4.000 to Horizontal Force Ph - x
= 1452.00 K N.m "About Y"

## Mx3 = Wp x ( /2) e Bending Moment due to

= 35.13 x y 0.264 Weight of Chimney
= 9.28 K N.m "About X"

## My3 = Wp x ( e / 2 ) Bending Moment due to

= 35.13 x x 0.264 Weight of Chimney
= 9.28 K N.m "About Y"

Mx4 = Pu x
y e Bending Moment due to
= 1788.00 x 0.528 Upward Force Pc
= 944.83 K N.m "About X"

## My4 = Pu x e Bending Moment due to

x
= 1788.00 x 0.528 Upwnward Force Pc
= 944.83 K N.m "About Y"

## Total Moment with Downward Force:

Pc
Mxc = Mx2 - Mx1 - Mx3
Ph G.L
= 1272.00 - 1268.23 - 9.28
= -5.52 K N.m W
p
W
Myc = My2 - My1 - My3 s
= 1452.00 - 1268.23 - 9.28
= 174.48 K N.m
Wf
Pd = Pc + Wp
= 1788.00 + 35.13
= 1823.13 KN
Subjected to Compression

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Date: December 1, 2017
By: MAK

## Mxu = Mx2 - Mx4 - Mx3 Pu

= 1272.00 - 944.83 - 9.28 Ph G.L
= 317.88 K N.m W
W p
Myu = My2 - My4 - My3 s
= 1452.00 - 944.83 - 9.28
= 497.88 K N.m Wf

Pf = Pu - Wp
= 1788.00 - 35.13 Loads on
= 1752.87 KN Foundation when
Subjected to Uplift

## h0 = 0.6 m Section Height

b = 0.6 m Section Wedth
Asd = 25 mm Vertical Bar Diameter
Sd = 12 mm Ties Diameter

## d = h0 - cov - Sd - ( Asd / 2 ) Effective Depth

= 600 - 85 - 12 - 12.5
= 490.50 mm

1 = 0.65

h 0 1 1
Mu=Mxu+ Myu ( ) b 1
= 585.98 K N.m

h 0 1 1
Mc=Mxc+ Myc ( ) b 1
= 88.44 KN.m

## Try to use : NP = 32 Total Number of Steel Reinfocement in Pedestal

Asd = 25 Vertical Bar Diameter

## Smin = ( If 1.5Asd > 40 mm, 1.5 Asd , 40 mm )

cov
Smin = 40 mm Minimum Bar Spacing

S =
4 .(h 02(cov+ Sd +( Asd / 2)))
Asd
NP h0
= 22.625 < 40 CHANG NO. OF BARS
2
As = . Asd Area of Steel Prvided
NP
4 Asd Sd
= 15707.963 mm

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Date: December 1, 2017
By: MAK

## min = 1.4 / fy Minimum Steel Ratio

= 1.4 / ### " Reference ACI 318 - 02, clause 10.5"
= 0.0033

## max = 0.05 Maximum Steel Ratio

actual = As / ( h0 x b )
= 0.04363

## Check if the Steel Ratio is : min actual OK

Check if the Steel Ratio is : actual max OK

## =0. 5actual = 0.04363 x 0.5 = 0.02182

e copm. = Mc / Pc
= 88.44 / 2400.00
= 0.03685 m

e1 = d - ( h0 / 2 ) + e comp.
= 490.50 - 300 + 36.8488
= 227.35 mm

d1 = cov + Sd + Asd / 2
= 85 + 12 + 12.5
= 109.5 mm
fy
m1 = = ### / 28 = 17.647
0. 85 . f 'c

[ ( ]]
2
Pc1 =

=
0 . 85. f 'c . b . d +1
10146.69 KN >
e1
d
2400.000
+ 1
KN
e1
d ) [
+2 . . ( m11).(1
d1
d
)+
e1
d

## 7.9.4 CHECK FOR UPLIFT:

Mu = 585.98 K N.m

## Ast = 0.5 x As Area for Tension Steel

= 0.5 x 15707.963
= 7853.98 mm

## Asc = 0.5 x As Area for Compression Steel

= 0.5 x 15707.963
= 7853.98 mm

## E = 200000 Steel Elastic Modulus

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Date: December 1, 2017
By: MAK

In order to calculate the iteraction curve due to the uplift force, it is necessary to calcuate the bending capacity of
the section Mu0 when the axial load is zero, Also we need to determine Pu00 the maximum axial capacity of the
section in the absence of the moment.

we will assume the x value " distance of the center of rotation from the center line of the section" and then it will
be adjusted to be as foolow

## x = 144.64 mm Distance of the Neutral Axis from the Compression Face

y = fy / E
= ### / 200000 = 0.0021

## s = (( x - d1 ) / x ) x c = 0.00073 Strain in the Compression Steel

fs = ( s / y )f y = 145.759 Mpa

## Cc = 0.85 x fc x 2 x x x b = 1755.604 KN Compression Force in Concrete

Eq = Ts - Cc - Cs = 585.201

## Check Equation if ( Ts - Cc - Cs = 0 , OK , Change x )

Xts = 0.5 * ( d -d1 ) = 190.5 mm Tension Steel Distance from the center

Xcs = 0.5 * ( d -d1 ) = 190.5 mm Compression Steel Distance from the center

the Center

= 1106.670 KN.m

= 5937.610 KN

1.1 1. 1
Pf Mu
IR=
( ) ( )
Pu00
+
Mu 0

= 0.261 + 0.497
= 0.758 < 1

## Asd = 25 Diameter of Steel Reinforcement Bars

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Date: December 1, 2017
By: MAK

7.9.5 TIES:

## Use Steel Bars of Diameter 12 mm @ 200 mm Spacing

ds = 12 mm Diameter of Ties
2
Ass = d s Area of Ties
4
= 113.10 0

= 21

## fc = 28 MPa Compreesive Strength of the pedestal Concrete

= 0.65
A1 = Ap = 360000 0

## ' Bearing Strength of Column

Pnb = .(0 . 85 . f c . A 1 )
" Reference ACI 318 - 02, clause 10.17"

## 2- Bearing Strength of Footing:

The bearing strength of the footing is increased by a factor Sqrt ( A2 / A1 ) <= 2 due to the large footing area
permitting a greater distribution of the column load.

1.2
a

B= 4 a w 0.6
45
45

1.2
=
d
0.6
F

Fd=
0.6

## 1.2 0.6 1.2

A1 is the column (loaded) area and A2 is the plan area of the lower base of the largest frustum of the pyramide , cone
or tapered wedge cotained wholly within the support and for having its upper base the loaded area , and having side
slopes of 1 vertical to 2 horizontal.

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Date: December 1, 2017
By: MAK

A1 = Ap = 360000 0

## A2 = ( 1.2 + 0.6 + 1.2 ) x ( 1.2 + 0.6 + 1.2 )

= 9000000 0

A2 / A1 = 5 > 2 A2 / A1 = 2

Note that bearing on the column concrete will allways govern until the strength of the column concrete exceeds
twice that of the footing concrete

P nb = .(0 . 85 . f 'c . A 1 ).
= 11138.4 KN >
A2
A1
3595.756 OK

## 7.11 REQUIRED DOWEL BARS BETWEEN COLUMN AND FOOTING:

Even though bearing on the column and footing concrete is adequate to transfer the factored loads, a minimum area
of reinforcement is required across the interface.
" Reference ACI 318 - 02, clause 15.8.2.1"
Asmin = 0.005 x Ap Ap Area of Pedestal
= 0.005 x 360000
= 1800 0

## 7.12 DEVELOPMENT OF DOWEL REINFORCEMENT IN COMPREESION:

Shorter development lengths are required for bars in compression than in tension since the weakening effect of
flexural tension cracks in the concrete is not present. The development length for deformed bars or deformed wire in
compression is dc = (db.fy) / (4.Sqrt (f c)), but not less than 0.04.db.fy or 200mm.
" Reference ACI 318 - 02, clause 12.3"

dc1 =
fy
d b
4 f c
'

dc1 = 496.08 mm

dc2 = 0 .04f y db
= 420 mm

dc3 = 200 mm

= 496.08 mm

## Reqiured dc = 496.08 x 0.786 = 389.782 mm

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Date: December 1, 2017
By: MAK

## Available length for development in footing :

= Footing Thickness - Cover - 2.( Footing Bar Diameter ) - Dowel Bar Diameter

= 600 - 85 - 40 - 25

= 450 > 389.782 OK Therefore, the dowels can be fully developed in the footing

Note: If case the avilable development length is less than the required length, either increase footing depth or use
larger number of smaller size dowels. Also note that if the footing dowels are bent for placement on top of the
footing reinforcement , the bent portion cannot be considered effective for development the bars in compression.

## 7.13 CALCULATION MATERIAL QUANTITIES:

7.13.1 EXCAVATION:

L = 4 m

B = 4 m 0.5 Y
Eh = G.L
h = 3.5 m

Fd = 600 mm 3.5
h=
20
H = h + Fd = 4.1 m

X = 0.5 m
0.6
Fd =
s = 20 deg
X X
B=
4
Y = H x tan ( s )
= 4.1 x 0.364
= 1.492 m

## Vs = H Volume of Soil to be Excavated

( A + A + A t Ab )
3 t b
Ab = (L+2X)*(B+2X) Bottom Area
= 25 m

= 63.75 m

Vs = 175.9 m

## 7.13.2 CONCRETE QUANTITY:

L = 4 m Footing Length

B = 4 m Footing Width

## Fd = 600 mm Thickness of Pad

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Date: December 1, 2017
By: MAK

## Eh = 500 mm Exposed Height, including the

a = 600 mm Pedestal Size

= 4 x 4 x 0.6
= 9.600 m

## Volume of Concrete Chimney Vp = a x a x (h+Eh) x

= 0.6 x 0.6 x 4 x 1.016
= 1.464 m

= 9.600 + 1.464
= 11.064 m

7.13.3 BACKFILL:

## Vbf = Vs - Vc - Volume of Exposed Height of Chimney

= 175.9 - 11.064 - ( a x a x ( Eh - 0.3 ))
= 175.9 - 11.064 - 0.072
= 164.72 m

## 1- Chimney Rebars (Vertical Bars ):

OL = h + Eh + Fd
= 4.6 m
A= 4.46 m
A1 = OL - Fd + dc
= 4.6 - 0.6 + 0.38978
= 4.390 m B= 0.30 m

A = A1 x
= 4.390 x 1.016
= 4.46 m

B = 12 x Asd
= 12 x 25
= 0.30 m

= 4.46 + 0.30
= 4.76 m

## 2- Chimney Rebars (Ties ):

a1 = a - 2. cov 200
= 0.6 - 0.17 a1 0.43
= 0.43 m

## LS = ( 4 x a1 ) + 0.3 Total Tie Length

= 2.02 m a1 0.43

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Date: December 1, 2017
By: MAK

3- Footing Rebars:

C1 = (( Fd - 2. cov ) / 2 ) + 0.1
= 0.315 m

C2 = L - ( 2 x cov )
= 4 - 0.17
= 3.83 m

= 3.83 + 0.63
= 4.46 m

## Asd = 25 mm Diameter of Steel Reinforcement Bars

NP = 32 Number of Steel Reinforcement Bars

= 4.76 x 32
= 152.39 m

= 152.39 x 3.856
= 587.644 Kg

## 2- Chimney Rebars (Ties ):

ds = 12 mm Diameter of Ties
NS = 21 mm Number of Ties

LS ( Total ) = LS x NS
= 2.02 x 21
= 41.56 m

## LSW = LS ( Total ) x W W : Weight of Ties (Per Meter)

= 41.56 x 0.888
= 36.927 Kg

3- Footing Rebars:

= 50 + 24
= 74

= 74.00 x 4.46
= 330.04 m

## LPPW = LS ( Total ) x W W : Weight of Bars (Per Meter)

= 330.04 x 2.468
= 814.539 Kg

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Date: December 1, 2017
By: MAK

## S.S.E.M Date: December 1, 2017

Saudi Services For Electro Mechanic Works Ltd. By: MAK

## DESIGN OF PAD & CHIMNEY FOUNDATION

0
Tower Type "A10"
(Towers Include: # PI - 21)

## SUMMURY FOR DESIGN

Pc = 2400.00 KN B = 4.00 m
Pc
Ph-y
Pu = 1788.00 KN L = 4.00 m

Eh a
GL a Ph-x
Ph-x = 363.00 KN Fd = 600.00 mm
Chimney
Geometry

## Ph-y = 318.00 KN h = 3.50 m

h
OL
Q = 482.59 KN Eh = 500.00 mm Fd

M = 0.00 KN a = 600.00 mm
B
c = 24.00 KN/m cov = 85.00 mm L

'
fc = 28.00 MPa T = 600.00 mm
Material Properties

## fy = 420.00 MPa QUANTITY SURVEY " One Footing"

EXCAVATION CONCRETE STEEL
Vs = 175.9 m Vf = 10 m LPPW = 815 Kg
S = 17.00 KN/m Volume of Chimney Steel of Chimney
BACKFILLING Vp = 1 m LPSW = 625 Kg
C = 0.00 KN/m Total Volume of Concrete Total Weight of Concrete
Vbf = 164.7 m Vc = 11 m Total = 1439 Kg
f = 35.00 deg

STEEL REINFORCEMENT
Top reinforcement for
Ties ( Stirrups ) Chimney Vertical Bars