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help full for pad foundation

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You are on page 1of 26

By: MAK

Tower Type "A10"

(Towers Include: # PI - 21)

1. INTRODUCTION:

* The purpose of the foundation is to transfer the loads from the structure to the ground without causing the ground to

fail in shear or to allow excessive settlement of the structure to occur. These requirements are met by ensuring the

bearing pressure below the foundation does not exceed permissible bearing pressure.

* The purpose of this calculation is to design Pad & Chimney foundation for "A10" type lattice steel tower structure.

* The foundation is subjected to upward, downward and horizontal forces.

* Foundation loads will be obtained from the tower reactions multiplied by over load capacity factors. These factored loads will be

used in the sizing of the foundation. However, to design steel reinforcements reactions without the OCFs will be used.

2. TOWER GEOMETRY:

a= 5000 mm Tower Dimension at the Top

b= 15962 mm Tower Dimension at the Bottom

=tan 1 [ ]

ba

2h

= 10.330 deg Leg Slope angel with Respect to Vertical

h0 = 1000 mm

=tan

1

[ ]

ba

2h

= 11.860 deg h22

h0

h0 h11

h11 = = 1021.812 mm Tower First Leg Slope

sin(90 )

h0

h22= = 1016.476 mm Tower Second Leg Slope

sin(90 )

* The maximum vertical and horizontal reactions have been given in the PTS (clause: 4.09 A) for this kind of tower as follow:

1600.00 1192.00 242.00 212.00

Note :

Pc0 = Compression Force

Pu0 = Uplift Force

Ph-x0 = Resultant Shear Force in X-Direction

Ph-y0 = Resultant Shear Force in Y-Direction

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Date: December 1, 2017

By: MAK

4. FACTORED LOADS:

In Uplift SFu = 1.5 As per SES-P-122.06

In Shear SFs = 1.5

Q0 =( Phx 0 )2 +( Ph y 0 )2 = 321.73 KN

M 0 =0 M =0 Moment Reaction

Pu

Assumed Footing Length L = 4 m Ph-y

Eh a

Thickness of Pad Fd = ### mm GL a Ph-x

Chimney

Assumed Footing Depth h = 3.5 m Pad

h

Exposed Height, including the Eh = ### mm OL

300 mm structure pad Fd

B

Cncrete Cover cov = 85 mm L

Calculating Uplift Resistance

6. MATERIAL PROPERTIES:

6.1 CONCRETE:

'

fc = 28 MPa Concrete Compressive Strength

PTS (clause: 4.09 A-1)

fy = 420 MPa Steel Yield Strength

PTS (clause: 5.02)

E = 200000 Mpa Steel Elastic Modulus

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Date: December 1, 2017

By: MAK

file:///conversion/tmp/scratch/373317411.xls 3/26

Date: December 1, 2017

By: MAK

7. CALCULATIONS:

Design 1 Kpy

by: Joseph E. Bowles 15 18.6

qult =1 .3 . c. N c + s . z. N q +0 .4 . s . B .N 20 25

25 35

[ (0 .75 1 / 360) tan 1 ] a = 2.710 30 52

a=e

35 82

40 141

a2

N q= Nq = 12.720 45 0

2cos2 ( 45+ 1 /2 )

N c =( N q 1 )/tan 1 Nc = 25.135

N =

tan 1 K py

2 cos 2 [

1

] N = 9.702

qult

q allow = q allow = 294.112 KN/m SF = 4 Safty Factor Allowable Bearing Capacity

SF

7.2 CHECK FOUNDATION DISPLACEMENT:

N 60 = 30 SPT N value

Sc = 50 mm Tolerable Settlement

B = 4 m Footing Width

S c N 1.

4

q= 60

0. 75

= 1216.034 KN/m q allow = Min ( q allow , q) = 294.112 KN/m

1. 7B

file:///conversion/tmp/scratch/373317411.xls 4/26

Date: December 1, 2017

By: MAK

Pc

A P= = 0.137 m Gross Pedestal Area

0 . 65(0 . 85f c (1)+ f y )

h = 3.5 m L = 4 m B = 4 m Eh = ### mm

Calculating Uplift Resistance

f = 35 deg Angle of the Shearing Soil Plane with the Vertical "Frustum Angle"

" Effective Height of Soil "

in the Frustum of an Inverted Cone of Pyramid

= 4 x 4 x 0.6

= 9.600 m

Weight of Pad Wf = Vf x

c

= 9.600 x 24

= 230.4 KN

= 0.6 x 0.6 x 4 x 1.016

= 1.464 m

Weight of Chimney Wp = Vp x

c

= 1.464 x 24

= 35.1294 KN

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Date: December 1, 2017

By: MAK

h3

Volume of Soil Vs = ( At + A b + A t A b )

3

At : Area at The Top

Ab : Area at The Bottom G.L

Ab = L x B

= 4 x 4 h3

= 16.00 m f f

At = ( B + (2 x h3 x tan(f))

= 64.98 m

B

Vs = 109.454 m

Weight of Soil Ws = Vs x S

= 109.454 x 17

= 1860.711 KN

by The Pedestal = 0.6 x 0.6 x 2.9 x 17 x 1.016

= 18.040 KN

= 230.4 + 35.1294 + 1860.711 - 18.040

= 2108.200 KN

= 2108.200 / 1192.00

= 1.769 > 1.5 OK

Y

7.5 CHECK FOR BEARING CAPACITY OF SOIL: Y

= 3.5 + 0.6 X

= 4.100 m ey

ex X

= 4.100 x 0.182

= 0.747 m

= 0.747 x 0.707

= 0.528 m

= 0.747 x 0.707

= 0.528 m

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Date: December 1, 2017

By: MAK

= 3.5 + 0.6 + 0.5

= 4.600 m

Mx1 = Pc x

y e Bending Moment due to

= 2400.00 x 0.528 Downward Force Pc

= 1268.23 K N.m "About X"

x

= 2400.00 x 0.528 Downward Force Pc

= 1268.23 K N.m "About Y"

= 318.00 x 4.600 to Horizontal Force Ph - y

= 1462.80 K N.m "About X"

= 363.00 x 4.600 to Horizontal Force Ph - x

= 1669.80 K N.m "About Y"

Mx3 = Wp x (

y

/2) e Bending Moment due to

= 35.13 x 0.264 Weight of Chimney

= 9.28 K N.m "About X"

x

= 35.13 x 0.264 Weight of Chimney

= 9.28 K N.m "About Y"

Total Moment:

= 1462.80 - 1268.23 - 9.28

= 185.28 K N.m

= 1669.80 - 1268.23 - 9.28

= 392.28 K N.m

Calculating Uplift Resistance

Fd = ### mm

= 3.5 - 0.6

= 2.90 m

Kp =

1+ Sin 1

1Sin 1

Kp = 2.464 Passive Earth Pressure Coefficient

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Date: December 1, 2017

By: MAK

= 2.464 x 17 x 2.90 Top of Pad

= 121.471 KN/m

= 2.464 x 17 x 3.50 Bottom of Pad

= 146.603 KN/m

Pc

Ph 105.680

Eh = 0.500 G.L

Wp 0.60

T= Lt = 121.471 KN/m

Ws

h = 3.50

OL = 4.60 h3 = 2.90

Wf

Fd = 0.600

0.30

1.567

= 0.5 x 121.471 x 2.90 x 0.60 Pressure at the Chimney

= 105.680 KN " X Direction"

= 134.037 x 0.600 x 4.00 Pressure at the Pad

= 321.688 KN " X Direction"

= 105.680 x 1.567 + 321.688 x 0.30 Passive Earth Pressure

= 262.071 KN.m "About X"

= 0.5 x 121.471 x 2.90 x 0.60 Pressure at the Chimney

= 105.680 KN " Y Direction"

= 134.037 x 0.600 x 4.00 Pressure at the Pad

= 321.688 KN " Y Direction"

= 105.680 x 1.567 + 321.688 x 0.30 Passive Earth Pressure

= 262.071 KN.m "About Y"

file:///conversion/tmp/scratch/373317411.xls 8/26

Date: December 1, 2017

By: MAK

= 185.28 - 0.8 x 262.071 Base of Footing

= -24.373 KN.m "About X"

= 392.28 - 0.8 x 262.071 Base of Footing

= 182.627 KN.m "About Y"

Note 1 : only for safty purpose we consider in above calculation 80 % of the total resisting moment due to

passive earth pressure

Note 2 : if Mx < 0 then we will Mx = 0 and the same will be applicable for My.

P M My M

q= x y

A Ix Iy

x q=

P

LB (

1 x

L

My

B )

Where:

Mx : Net Bending Moment @ Base of Footing "Around X".

My : Net Bending Moment @ Base of Footing "Around Y".

P : Total Vertical Load.

A : Foundation Area.

I: Second Moment of Area of The Footing About The Axis of Bending.

x , y: Distance from Axis of Bending to the Position The Stress is Being Calculated.

Ix = ( B x L ) / 12

= 21.333 m

Iy = ( L x B ) / 12

= 21.333 m

Calculation Vertical Loads:

Weight of Pad Wf = Vf x

c

= 9.600 x 24

= 230.4 KN

Weight of Chimney Wp = Vp x

c

= 1.464 x 24

= 35.1294 KN

Weight of Soil Ws = ( B x L x h - a x a x h x ) x

S

= 54.719 x 17

= 930.227 KN

= 2400.000 + 230.4 + 35.1294 + 930.227

= 3595.756 KN

file:///conversion/tmp/scratch/373317411.xls 9/26

Date: December 1, 2017

By: MAK

qu1 = + x 2 + x 2 = 241.856 KN/m

16 21.333 21.333

= - x 2 + x 2 = 241.856 KN/m

16 21.333 21.333

= + x 2 - x 2 = 207.613 KN/m

16 21.333 21.333

= - x 2 - x 2 = 207.613 KN/m

16 21.333 21.333

) = 241.856 KN/m < q allow OK

241.856 KN/m

241.856 KN/m

241.856 KN/m

B= 4.00 m

L= 4.00 m

207.613 KN/m

207.613 KN/m

207.613 KN/m

+ Compression Force

= 2795.756 KN

q max = 2795.756 / 16

file:///conversion/tmp/scratch/373317411.xls 10/26

Date: December 1, 2017

By: MAK

= 3.5 + 0.6 + 0.5

= 4.600 m

Mx1 = Pc x

y e Bending Moment due to

= 1600.00 x 0.528 Downward Force Pc

= 845.49 K N.m "About X"

x

= 1600.00 x 0.528 Downward Force Pc

= 845.49 K N.m "About Y"

= 212.00 x 4.600 to Horizontal Force Ph - y

= 975.20 K N.m "About X"

= 242.00 x 4.600 to Horizontal Force Ph - x

= 1113.20 K N.m "About Y"

Mx3 = Wp x (

y

/2) e Bending Moment due to

= 35.13 x 0.264 Weight of Chimney

= 9.28 K N.m "About X"

x

= 35.13 x 0.264 Weight of Chimney

= 9.28 K N.m "About Y"

Total Moment:

= 120.43 K N.m

= 258.43 K N.m

file:///conversion/tmp/scratch/373317411.xls 11/26

Date: December 1, 2017

By: MAK

= 120.43 - 0.8 x 262.071 Base of Footing

= -89.228 KN.m "About X"

= 258.43 - 0.8 x 262.071 Base of Footing

= 48.772 KN.m "About Y"

q1 = 16 + 21.333 x 2 + 21.333 x 2 = 174.735 KN/m

= - x 2 + x 2 = 174.735 KN/m

16 21.333 21.333

q3 = + x 2 - x 2 = 174.735 KN/m

16 21.333 21.333

q4 = - x 2 - x 2 = 174.735 KN/m

16 21.333 21.333

q ave = ( q + q

1 2

+ q

3

+ q ) /

4

4

= 174.735 + 174.735 + 174.735 + 174.735

= 174.735 KN/m

= 174.735 KN/m

= 174.735 KN/m

= 600 - 85 - 30

= 485 mm

A = L x B Foundation Area

= 4 x 4

= 16 m

file:///conversion/tmp/scratch/373317411.xls 12/26

Vn

: Date: December 1, 2017

Q

"Pu By: MAK

nch

"

wh

ere b0 = 4 x (a+d) Perimeter Length

the

no = 4 x 1085 B= 4

mi = 4.34 m

nal

she = (a+d) x (a+d) Punching Area

ar

A Punch w

= 1.085 x 1.085

stre a

= 1.177 m

ngt B=

h w

Vn quavve = ( qu + qu 2 + qu + qu ) / 4 4

1 3 4 a+d

is: = ( 241.856 + 241.856 + 207.613 + 207.613 ) / 4

= 224.735 KN/m

= qu x (A - A )

Vn QPunch avve Punch Punching Shear

= = 224.735 x 14.823 Perimeter

Vs = 3331.193 KN

+ Critical Section for

Vc Punching Shear

Vc

In general, the factored shear force Q "Punch" at the critical shear section shall

=

be less than or equal to the shear strength:

no Vn: Q "Punch"

mi

where the nominal shear strength Vn is:

nal Vn = Vs + Vc

she = nominal shear strength provided by concrete, computed if

Vc Fd d

ar

shear reinforcement is not used.

stre

Vs = nominal shear strength provided by reinforcement. q

"ngt

Reference ACI 318 - 02, clause 11.12.2.1"

h Elevation

pro

vid

The Nominal Shear Strength Provided by Concrete will be the Smallest of:

ed

by

con 1 '

1) .

cret

V c 1=

3 c 0

f b d

e, = 0.33 x 5.292 x 4340 x 485

co

= 3712.695 KN

mp

ute

s . d

f 'c . b0 . d

d2)if. V c 2=

( b0 )

+2 .

12

s = 20 For Corner Columns

= 3930.837 KN

she

ar 2 f 'c . b0 . d

3)

rei

nfo

rce

.

( )

V c 3 = 1+ .

c 6

c = a / a = ### / ### = 1

me = 5569.042 KN

nt

is Vc = Min ( Vc1 , Vc2 , Vc3 ) Allowable Punching Shear

not = 3712.695 KN

use

d.

Vs Check if (Punching Shear) QPunch < Vc (Allowable Punching Shear)

=

no If ( Qpunch <= Vc, OK , ERROR)

mi

nal Qpunch = 3331.193 < 3712.695 OK

she

ar

stre

ngt

h

pro

vidfile:///conversion/tmp/scratch/373317411.xls 13/26

ed

Date: December 1, 2017

By: MAK

X = ((L-a)/2) - d 4

= 1.215 m B=

X d

qux =qu min + ( q u maxqu min ) .

L

= 218.015 KN/m

a

1

Qshear = (q + q ). B . X Direct Shear Load 4 w

2 ux u max B= a w

= 1117.486 KN

" Reference ACI 318 - 02, clause 11.3.1.2 and clause 11.3.2.3"

Critical Section

Pc f 'c . B . d

1) .

(

V c 1 = 1+

14 Ag )6 Ag =

=

=

B

4

x

2.400

Fd

x

m

0.6

for Shear

= 1833.128 KN

X

0 . 3 . Pu f 'c . B . d

2) .

(

V c 2 = 1+

Ag )6 Fd d

= 2093.310 KN

q

= 1833.128 KN

The Critical Section for The Design for Flexural Reinforcement Should be Taken at The Face of The Column.

X1 = ((L-a)/2)

= 1.7 m

X1

qux 1 =q u min +( qu max q u min )

L

= 222.167 KN/m

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Date: December 1, 2017

By: MAK

= 1284.123 + 44.629

= 1328.752 KN.m

B= 4

Required Rn =

M ux 1

.B .d 2

" Reference ACI 318 - 02, clause 9.3.2"

a

Rn = 1569.127 KN/m B= 4 a w w

2 Rn

1 }

0 . 85 . f c

1

}

f c

0 . 85 .

f y

=

0.003868

= Critical Section

for Flexure

min = 0.0018 Minimum As Required for Footings

of Uniform Thickness, for Grade 60

Reinforcement

" Reference ACI 318 - 02, clause 7.12.2.1"

= min

0.0039

=

Fd d

Required As = x B x d

= 0.0039 x 4000 x ### q

= 7503.98 mm

Elevation

Use Steel with 20 mm A

= 314.16 mm

= 25

= 160 mm

Provided As = NPb x A

= 25 x 314.16

= 7853.98 mm

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Date: December 1, 2017

By: MAK

= 1788.00 - 35.1294 - 230.4

= 1522.47 KN

= 1522.47 / 15.64 AP : Area of Pedestal

= 97.345 KN/m

X1 = ((L-a)/2)

= 1.7 m

2

X1

Mu net =qu net B

2

= 562.652 KN.m

Required Rn =

M ux 1 = 0.9 Strength Rediction Factor

2

.B.d " Reference ACI 318 - 02, clause 9.3.2"

Rn = 664.437 KN/m

2 Rn

1 }

0 . 85 . f c

1

0.0016

0 . 85 .

f

}

f c

y

=

=

min = 0.0018 Minimum As Required for Footings of Uniform Thickness, for Grade 60

Reinforcement " Reference ACI 318 - 02, clause 7.12.2.1"

If ( > min , , )

= min

0.0018

=

Required As = x B x d

= 0.0018 x 4000 x 485

= 3492.00 mm

A = 314.16 mm

= 12

= 348 mm

Provided As = NPt x A

= 12 x 314.16

= 3769.911

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Date: December 1, 2017

By: MAK

= 3.5 + 0.5

= 4.000 m

Mx1 = Pc x

y e Bending Moment due to

= 2400.00 x 0.528 Downward Force Pc

= 1268.23 K N.m "About X"

x

= 2400.00 x 0.528 Downward Force Pc

= 1268.23 K N.m "About Y"

= 318.00 x 4.000 to Horizontal Force Ph - y

= 1272.00 K N.m "About X"

= 363.00 x 4.000 to Horizontal Force Ph - x

= 1452.00 K N.m "About Y"

= 35.13 x y 0.264 Weight of Chimney

= 9.28 K N.m "About X"

= 35.13 x x 0.264 Weight of Chimney

= 9.28 K N.m "About Y"

Mx4 = Pu x

y e Bending Moment due to

= 1788.00 x 0.528 Upward Force Pc

= 944.83 K N.m "About X"

x

= 1788.00 x 0.528 Upwnward Force Pc

= 944.83 K N.m "About Y"

Pc

Mxc = Mx2 - Mx1 - Mx3

Ph G.L

= 1272.00 - 1268.23 - 9.28

= -5.52 K N.m W

p

W

Myc = My2 - My1 - My3 s

= 1452.00 - 1268.23 - 9.28

= 174.48 K N.m

Wf

Pd = Pc + Wp

= 1788.00 + 35.13

= 1823.13 KN

Loads on Foundation when

Subjected to Compression

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Date: December 1, 2017

By: MAK

= 1272.00 - 944.83 - 9.28 Ph G.L

= 317.88 K N.m W

W p

Myu = My2 - My4 - My3 s

= 1452.00 - 944.83 - 9.28

= 497.88 K N.m Wf

Pf = Pu - Wp

= 1788.00 - 35.13 Loads on

= 1752.87 KN Foundation when

Subjected to Uplift

b = 0.6 m Section Wedth

Asd = 25 mm Vertical Bar Diameter

Sd = 12 mm Ties Diameter

= 600 - 85 - 12 - 12.5

= 490.50 mm

1 = 0.65

h 0 1 1

Mu=Mxu+ Myu ( ) b 1

= 585.98 K N.m

h 0 1 1

Mc=Mxc+ Myc ( ) b 1

= 88.44 KN.m

Asd = 25 Vertical Bar Diameter

cov

Smin = 40 mm Minimum Bar Spacing

S =

4 .(h 02(cov+ Sd +( Asd / 2)))

Asd

NP h0

= 22.625 < 40 CHANG NO. OF BARS

2

As = . Asd Area of Steel Prvided

NP

4 Asd Sd

= 15707.963 mm

file:///conversion/tmp/scratch/373317411.xls 18/26

Date: December 1, 2017

By: MAK

= 1.4 / ### " Reference ACI 318 - 02, clause 10.5"

= 0.0033

actual = As / ( h0 x b )

= 0.04363

Check if the Steel Ratio is : actual max OK

e copm. = Mc / Pc

= 88.44 / 2400.00

= 0.03685 m

e1 = d - ( h0 / 2 ) + e comp.

= 490.50 - 300 + 36.8488

= 227.35 mm

d1 = cov + Sd + Asd / 2

= 85 + 12 + 12.5

= 109.5 mm

fy

m1 = = ### / 28 = 17.647

0. 85 . f 'c

[ ( ]]

2

Pc1 =

=

0 . 85. f 'c . b . d +1

10146.69 KN >

e1

d

2400.000

+ 1

KN

e1

d ) [

+2 . . ( m11).(1

d1

d

)+

e1

d

Mu = 585.98 K N.m

= 0.5 x 15707.963

= 7853.98 mm

= 0.5 x 15707.963

= 7853.98 mm

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Date: December 1, 2017

By: MAK

In order to calculate the iteraction curve due to the uplift force, it is necessary to calcuate the bending capacity of

the section Mu0 when the axial load is zero, Also we need to determine Pu00 the maximum axial capacity of the

section in the absence of the moment.

we will assume the x value " distance of the center of rotation from the center line of the section" and then it will

be adjusted to be as foolow

y = fy / E

= ### / 200000 = 0.0021

fs = ( s / y )f y = 145.759 Mpa

Eq = Ts - Cc - Cs = 585.201

Xts = 0.5 * ( d -d1 ) = 190.5 mm Tension Steel Distance from the center

Xcs = 0.5 * ( d -d1 ) = 190.5 mm Compression Steel Distance from the center

the Center

= 1106.670 KN.m

= 5937.610 KN

1.1 1. 1

Pf Mu

IR=

( ) ( )

Pu00

+

Mu 0

= 0.261 + 0.497

= 0.758 < 1

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Date: December 1, 2017

By: MAK

7.9.5 TIES:

ds = 12 mm Diameter of Ties

2

Ass = d s Area of Ties

4

= 113.10 0

= 21

= 0.65

A1 = Ap = 360000 0

Pnb = .(0 . 85 . f c . A 1 )

" Reference ACI 318 - 02, clause 10.17"

The bearing strength of the footing is increased by a factor Sqrt ( A2 / A1 ) <= 2 due to the large footing area

permitting a greater distribution of the column load.

1.2

a

B= 4 a w 0.6

45

45

1.2

=

d

0.6

F

Fd=

0.6

A1 is the column (loaded) area and A2 is the plan area of the lower base of the largest frustum of the pyramide , cone

or tapered wedge cotained wholly within the support and for having its upper base the loaded area , and having side

slopes of 1 vertical to 2 horizontal.

file:///conversion/tmp/scratch/373317411.xls 21/26

Date: December 1, 2017

By: MAK

A1 = Ap = 360000 0

= 9000000 0

A2 / A1 = 5 > 2 A2 / A1 = 2

Note that bearing on the column concrete will allways govern until the strength of the column concrete exceeds

twice that of the footing concrete

P nb = .(0 . 85 . f 'c . A 1 ).

= 11138.4 KN >

A2

A1

3595.756 OK

Even though bearing on the column and footing concrete is adequate to transfer the factored loads, a minimum area

of reinforcement is required across the interface.

" Reference ACI 318 - 02, clause 15.8.2.1"

Asmin = 0.005 x Ap Ap Area of Pedestal

= 0.005 x 360000

= 1800 0

Shorter development lengths are required for bars in compression than in tension since the weakening effect of

flexural tension cracks in the concrete is not present. The development length for deformed bars or deformed wire in

compression is dc = (db.fy) / (4.Sqrt (f c)), but not less than 0.04.db.fy or 200mm.

" Reference ACI 318 - 02, clause 12.3"

dc1 =

fy

d b

4 f c

'

dc1 = 496.08 mm

dc2 = 0 .04f y db

= 420 mm

dc3 = 200 mm

= 496.08 mm

file:///conversion/tmp/scratch/373317411.xls 22/26

Date: December 1, 2017

By: MAK

= Footing Thickness - Cover - 2.( Footing Bar Diameter ) - Dowel Bar Diameter

= 600 - 85 - 40 - 25

= 450 > 389.782 OK Therefore, the dowels can be fully developed in the footing

Note: If case the avilable development length is less than the required length, either increase footing depth or use

larger number of smaller size dowels. Also note that if the footing dowels are bent for placement on top of the

footing reinforcement , the bent portion cannot be considered effective for development the bars in compression.

7.13.1 EXCAVATION:

L = 4 m

B = 4 m 0.5 Y

Eh = G.L

h = 3.5 m

Fd = 600 mm 3.5

h=

20

H = h + Fd = 4.1 m

X = 0.5 m

0.6

Fd =

s = 20 deg

X X

B=

4

Y = H x tan ( s )

= 4.1 x 0.364

= 1.492 m

( A + A + A t Ab )

3 t b

Ab = (L+2X)*(B+2X) Bottom Area

= 25 m

= 63.75 m

Vs = 175.9 m

L = 4 m Footing Length

B = 4 m Footing Width

file:///conversion/tmp/scratch/373317411.xls 23/26

Date: December 1, 2017

By: MAK

300 mm structure pad

a = 600 mm Pedestal Size

= 4 x 4 x 0.6

= 9.600 m

= 0.6 x 0.6 x 4 x 1.016

= 1.464 m

= 9.600 + 1.464

= 11.064 m

7.13.3 BACKFILL:

= 175.9 - 11.064 - ( a x a x ( Eh - 0.3 ))

= 175.9 - 11.064 - 0.072

= 164.72 m

OL = h + Eh + Fd

= 4.6 m

A= 4.46 m

A1 = OL - Fd + dc

= 4.6 - 0.6 + 0.38978

= 4.390 m B= 0.30 m

A = A1 x

= 4.390 x 1.016

= 4.46 m

B = 12 x Asd

= 12 x 25

= 0.30 m

= 4.46 + 0.30

= 4.76 m

a1 = a - 2. cov 200

= 0.6 - 0.17 a1 0.43

= 0.43 m

= 2.02 m a1 0.43

file:///conversion/tmp/scratch/373317411.xls 24/26

Date: December 1, 2017

By: MAK

3- Footing Rebars:

C1 = (( Fd - 2. cov ) / 2 ) + 0.1

= 0.315 m

C2 = L - ( 2 x cov )

= 4 - 0.17

= 3.83 m

= 3.83 + 0.63

= 4.46 m

NP = 32 Number of Steel Reinforcement Bars

= 4.76 x 32

= 152.39 m

= 152.39 x 3.856

= 587.644 Kg

ds = 12 mm Diameter of Ties

NS = 21 mm Number of Ties

LS ( Total ) = LS x NS

= 2.02 x 21

= 41.56 m

= 41.56 x 0.888

= 36.927 Kg

3- Footing Rebars:

= 50 + 24

= 74

= 74.00 x 4.46

= 330.04 m

= 330.04 x 2.468

= 814.539 Kg

file:///conversion/tmp/scratch/373317411.xls 25/26

Date: December 1, 2017

By: MAK

Saudi Services For Electro Mechanic Works Ltd. By: MAK

0

Tower Type "A10"

(Towers Include: # PI - 21)

Pc = 2400.00 KN B = 4.00 m

Pc

Ph-y

Pu = 1788.00 KN L = 4.00 m

Factored Loads

Eh a

GL a Ph-x

Ph-x = 363.00 KN Fd = 600.00 mm

Chimney

Pad

Geometry

h

OL

Q = 482.59 KN Eh = 500.00 mm Fd

M = 0.00 KN a = 600.00 mm

B

c = 24.00 KN/m cov = 85.00 mm L

'

fc = 28.00 MPa T = 600.00 mm

Material Properties

EXCAVATION CONCRETE STEEL

1 = 25.00 deg Volume of Pad Steel of Pad

Vs = 175.9 m Vf = 10 m LPPW = 815 Kg

S = 17.00 KN/m Volume of Chimney Steel of Chimney

BACKFILLING Vp = 1 m LPSW = 625 Kg

C = 0.00 KN/m Total Volume of Concrete Total Weight of Concrete

Vbf = 164.7 m Vc = 11 m Total = 1439 Kg

f = 35.00 deg

STEEL REINFORCEMENT

PAD CHIMNEY

Top reinforcement for

Ties ( Stirrups ) Chimney Vertical Bars

C2 = 3.83 Pad

a1= 0.43

A= 4.46

C1 = 0.315 C1 NPb = 25

a1= 0.43

C2 = 3.83 Bottom reinforcement B= 0.30

for Pad

file:///conversion/tmp/scratch/373317411.xls 26/26

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