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Explain to the class that this is designed for using the computers in the library. Windows Operating Systems Control your Hardware, Organize your information and run your programs. Areas you will cover are: The Computer Itself CPU Keyboard Mouse Monitor Printer Starting a Program Adjusting Windows Minimize Maximize Restore Size Close Scrolling CPU Central Processing Unit or the Box is the part of a computer, which controls all the other parts. The "brain" of the computer; its the microprocessor that performs the actual computations. On/Off Switch Hard Disk Drive: Floppy Disk Drive: CD ROM: What turns the machine on and off and also the monitor. Some machines when you tell it to shutdown it will actually turn itself off. A storage device based on a fixed, permanently-mounted disk drive. It may be either internal or external. Both applications and data may be stored on the disk. A drive that reads from or writes to floppy diskettes. Information is stored on the diskettes themselves, not on the drive. CD ROM stands for Compact Disk Read-Only Memory. CD ROMs store and read massive amounts of information on a removable disk platter. Unlike hard drives and diskettes, CD ROMs are read-only and data cannot be written to the platter.
Keyboard Computers allow you to do many more things than a typewriter, therefore since the keyboard is the major input source it contains more keys than a typewriter. These keys are broken down into different types:
Typewriter Keys: These keys are the normal-looking keys in the center of the keyboard. They include letters, numbers, and punctuation. Function Keys: These keys are positioned horizontally across the top of the keyboard. They are labeled F1, F2, F3, and son on. Cursor-control keys: These four keys are often called arrow keys because each one has an arrow on the key cap. These keys move the screen’s cursor in the direction of their arrows. Near the arrow cursor-control keys are keys labeled PgUp, PgDn, Home and End. The PgDn key, for example enables you to flip to the next onscreen page. The Home key usually takes you either to the top of your document or the beginning of the line. It varies depending on your software. Numeric Keypad: Popular among bank tellers with zippy fingers, the numeric keypad contains the calculatorlike keys. If you press the Num Lock Key, the keys containing the arrows create the numbers listed on them, instead. Toggle Keys: Several keys act as a toggle, or an on/off switch of sorts. Press the key once to turn on its feature and press it again to turn off the features. Shift: The shift key works just like it does on the typewriter. Hold it down to make capital letters. Caps Lock: This key works like a typewriter’s Shift Lock Key. All letters will be typed in caps. Num Lock: this key isn’t on the typewriter, but we talked about it when we discussed the Numeric Keypad. ****Note on the keyboard the Caps Lock and Num Lock keys have lights. When the light is on, they key’s feature is turned on. Weird Keys: Ctrl: The control key is usually on the left side of the keyboard near the shift key. This key is used with other keys to create shortcuts to functions. Alt: The Alternate Key is also next to the shift key on both the left and right side of the keyboard. It too is used with other keys to do special functions. Tab: When you press the tab button the cursor moves forward to create a neatly indented paragraph. Enter/Return: Pressing the Enter Key often called the return key tells the computer that you’ve finished typing a statement: a paragraph in a letter, for example. Mouse The mouse is a hand-held device that lets you select and move items on your screen When you move the mouse on your desk, the mouse pointer on your screen moves in the same direction. The mouse pointer assumes different shapes depending on its location on your screen and the task you are performing. Resting your hand on the mouse, use your thumb and two rightmost fingers to move the mouse on your desk. Use your two remaining fingers to press the mouse buttons. Terms:
Click – Press and release the left mouse button. Double-click – Quickly press and release the left mouse button twice. Drag – When the mouse pointer is over an object on your screen, press and hold down the left mouse button. Still holding down the button, move the mouse to where you want to place the object and then release the button. Right mouse button – has shortcuts to options that can be performed such as: delete, copy, paste. (is disabled within most library machines) Desktop My Computer – Lets you view all the folders and files stored on the computer. Here at the library you will only be able to look at files stored on the floppy disk that you bring with you. Recycle Bin – Allows you to drag files from your floppy disk to be deleted. Start Button – Gives you quick access to programs and files. Taskbar – Displays the name of each window on your screen. This lets you easily switch between the open windows. Shortcut – Shortcuts have been placed on the desktop so you can quickly open files that are regularly used. Window – A rectangle on your screen that displays information. Printer A Printer is the device that prints information on paper. It can print pictures, text, graphs, etc. There are either just black ink printers or colored printers. Starting a Program You can start programs two ways: Start Button or Shortcut on the desktop Click Start. A menu appears. (You can also use the CTRL + ESC or the Windows button) Click Programs. (You can also select a menu item using the keyboard by pressing the underlined letter i.e. P for Programs) A list of items appears. To view the programs for an item displaying an arrow, click the item (example: Accessories) To start a program click the program (You can also highlight the program and then press the enter key). To close the start menu without selecting a program, click outside the menu are or press ALT on your keyboard. To start a program using a Shortcut you would double click on the program icon (try not to click on the words) and the program will open.
Have the class open up a program such as Paint or Word. Have them keep the program open to demonstrate the following items. Adjusting Windows Minimize – If you are not using a window, you can minimize the window to remove it from your screen. You can redisplay the window at any time. Click the in the window you want to minimize. The window disappears. To redisplay the window, click its button on the taskbar. Maximize – You can enlarge a window to fill your screen. This lets you view more of its contents. Click the in the window you want to maximize. The window fills your screen. To return the window to it’s previous size, click . Close a window - When you finish working with a window, you can close the window to remove it from your screen. Click in the window you want to close. The window disappears from your screen. The button for the window disappears from the taskbar. Scrolling – a scroll bar lets your browse through information in a window. This is useful when a window is not large enough to display all the information it contains. To scroll down, click . To scroll up, click . To scroll right, click To scroll left, click To scroll to any position – Drag the scroll box along the scroll bar until you see the information you want. The information appears. Note: The location of the scroll box indicates which part of the window you are viewing.
Have them open either wordpad, word, or paint and practice using the keyboard, mouse and window adjusting.
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